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Index to The Argonaut 



July 1 to December 31, 1908 


Aguinaldo's new ambition, 114. 
Aids to beauty, 2. 
Alternative plainly stated, 243. 
American forum, The, 370. 
Another constitution, 179. 

Government in Turkey. 
Another ■•example" under the Oregon system, 2s9. 
Argonaut's Ticket, The, 274. 
Assaulting the home, 147. 
Assault upon Francis J. Heney, 33/. 
Balkan imbroglio, The, 226. 
Beginning at the beginning, 22/. 

Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. 
Better use for Goat Island, A, 194. 
Bigotry in England, 195. 
Boy detective, The, 193. 
Bryan and the Philippines, S2. 
Bryanized Democracy, 33. 
Bugaboo exploded, A, 243. 
Cabinet organization, 433. 
California and a new tariff, 193. 
California in presidential elections, 81. 
Campaign, The, 66. 
Case of J. Dalzell Brown, The, 434. 
Case of Judge Dunne, The, 226. 
Casey at the bat, 210. 
Chairmanship, The, 2. 

Republican convention. 
Chinese throne, The, 337. 
Choosing the man, 163. 

Mr. Bryan and Mr. Taft. 
Civil service in practice, 227. 
Cleveland in retirement, 19. 
Cliff House, The, 243. 
Congress, 385. 

Conscription in England, 131. 
Constitutional amendments, The, 275. 
Converting the heathen, 291. 
Credit an index of character, 177. 
Creed of one "politically dissatisfied, ' The, 290. 
Crisis of Democracy, The, 370. 
Death of William .1. Biggy, 369. 
Democracy or a republic, A, 113. 
Denver convention, The, 2. 
Denver convention, The, 17. 
Depopulating France, 115. 
Detective and his pav, The, 161. 
Devi!, The, 195. 
Diffident duke, A, 163. 
Direct primary in Oregon, The, 241. 
Disaffection of India, 386. 
Divine right pegs out, 353. 
Dog and dog, 242. 

The Examiner and FrancisJ. Heney. 
Down-town movement. The, 225. 
Dreyfus and Mmc. Steinheil, 419. 
Dr. Jordan's ultimatum, 179. 
'"Earthquake clause" decision, The, 227. 
Election, The, 289. 
Elihu Root and the senatorship, 354. 
End of the campaign, 273. 
Exploiting the public, 258. 

Feminine sensibility and masculine ease, 67. 
Fool i' the forest, The, 162. 

The Calaveras Grove. 
Furaker, Burton, and "Brother Charlie," 3/1. 
Foreign entanglement, A, 387. *> 
Germ follv. The, 210. 
Gompers can not drive the labor vote to Bryan 

Governor Gillett, 241. 
Gratifving, 100. 

Mr. Heney again on duty. 
Grover Cleveland, 1. 
Hair and the hat, The. 115. 
Harriman-Gould deal, The, 82. 
Hatfield case. The, 274. 
Hetch Hetchy project, The, 291. 
His name is Dennis, 51. 
Historical value of street names, 146. 
House of Lords, The, 386. 
Impending conflict. An, 1. 

Organized labor at the Democratic convention. 
Incident and its moral, An, 2. 

Labor troubles on the Oregon berry farms. 
Invasion of England, The, 419. 
Issue postponed, An, 33. 

Mr. Gompers at Democratic convention. 
Jack London, plutocrat, 99. 
Japan and the fleet, 275. 
Japan's assimilative genius, 98. 
Japan resumes her traditions, 145. 
ludge Hanford on unionism, 129. 
Knocked at a closed door, A, 417. 
Labor agitator — and the cure, The, 243. 
Late President Gilman, The, 273. 
Late Senator Allison, The, 99. 
Latest outbreak at Stanford, The, 306. 
Leaders and followers, 33S. 
Let this "issue" rest, 354. 
Line of battle, The, 49. 
Lines are drawn, The, 289. 
Literary value of two statesmen, 115. 

Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Bryan. 
Logic of equal suffrage, The, 242. 

Man who missed his chance, A, 339. 

Minister and society, The, 162. 

Money in our pocket, 161. 

State Bank Commission report. 

Morocco again, 162. 

Mote and the beam, The, 41S. 

Mr. Bryan, 33. 

Mr. Bryan and the Democratic party, 305. 

Mr. Bryan's plans, 354. 

Mr. Hearst's convention, 66. 

Mr. Hearst's nemesis, 161. 

Mr. Hearst's party, 81. 

Mr. Henev and the bear's tail, 51. 

Mr. Johnson and the graft cases, 419. 

Mr. Sinclair speaks, 274. 

Mr. Taft and the tariff, 417. 

Mr. Taft's speech of acceptance, 65. 

Mr. Taft's Southern aims, 418. 

Mystery and a guess. A, 114. 
The Gallagher explosion. 

National affairs, 305. 

Naval quarrel. A, 83. 

New Congress, The, 353. 

New deal in the Pacific, A, 369. 

New element of humor. A, 147. 

The Yellowstone Park stage robbery. 

New Senate, The, 433. 

New times and old grooves, 385. 

New Turn in the Hatfield case, 290. 

New way with divorce, A, 3. 

New York and the Taft administration, 434. 

"Nickel-in-the-slot," The, 259. 

Not as other men, 227- 

Nullity, farce, and scandal. 257. 

Old age pensions, 34. 

Oregon situation, The, 387. 
Oregon situatiun, The, 339. 
Oriental partnership, An, 211. 
"Our husband," 19. 

Mr. Parkman of Emporia. 
Our unsubsidized sea traffic, 258. 
Pageantry in Quebec, 97. 
Phonograph in statecraft, The, 131. 
Plain speech on the labor question, IS. 
Political phenomenon, A, 194. 
Politics in Canada, 194. 
Possibilities of the airship, 98. 
Pot and the kettle, The, 178. 
The workingman's vote. 
Power site by a dam site, A, 177. 

Mr. Hall's claim in the Hetch-Hetcby. 
President and Congress, The, 433. 
President Duniway — and some reflections, 3. 
Presidentelect and the Pacific Coast, The, 337. 
Presumption of Innocence, The, 129. 
Primary election, The, 97. 
Private control of public powers, 388. 
Prohibition movement. The, 145. 
Prospective white man's burden, A, 388. 
Punishment fits the crime, The, 162. 

Punishment for bribery in London, 162. 
Real issue, The, 225. 

Religious opinion and political life, 306. 
Rice in California, 211. 
Roosevelt and Bryan, 209. 
Ruef at liberty and why, 17. 
Saving grace of the bull-whip, The, 130. 
Seeming inconsistency, A, 99. 
Senatorial service, 131. 
Senatorship, 'lhe, 113. 

The "woman question." 
Sins of political omission, 210. 
Slowly but surely seeing the truth, 3o. 

Graft prosecution. 
Sober second thought, 355. 
Social problem solved, A, 35. 

Divorce question solved. 
Sorrows of a queen, The, 49. 
Sounding brass and a tinkling cymbal, 65. 
Mr. William Jennings Bryan's career. 
Speaker of the House, The, 370. 
Springfield mob, The, 114. 
Spirit and the voice of the West, The, 226. 
Standard Oil case, The, 66. 
Tariff and finance, 388. 
Test case, A, 209. 

Liquor license in Los Angeles. 
The Examiner and Mr. Heney, 67. 
Third Trial for Abraham Ruef, 18. 
Tom Johnson on himself, 354. 
Transcontinental rates and Oriental traffic, 290. 
Twenty-six pleas in extenuation, S3. 

Case of Richard W. Nye. 
Two conventions, 34. 
Undesired visitor, An, 211. 
Venturesome word or two, A, 34. 

Women in politics. 
War clouds in Europe, 242. 
What organized labor wants, 307. 
Who got the money? 435. 
The Panama purchase. 
Who owns the laboring man? 178. 
Why should women vote? 130. 


Admiral Evans, 116. 

Aerial navigation in warfare, 389. 

American fleet in Australia, 195. 

American marine, 84. 

Automobile loop-the-loop, 52. 

Business and politics, 307. 

California Weekly, The, 389. 

Case of Colonel Stewart, The, 243. 

Case of Edna Clark, The, 339. 

Charles Webb Howard, 52. 

Claudianes boys, The, 52. 

Colonel Henry Watterson and the Cleveland 

letter, 196. 
Count Tolstoy, 195. 

Convicts as subjects for medical experiment, 371. 
Conviction of Blake, '1 he, 243. 
Court of arbitration in England, 371. 
Death rate of babies in Chicago, 67. 
Democratic newspapers, 115. 
Democratic nominee for Vice-President, 36. 
Direct primary in Washington, 68. 
Direct primarv, The, 420. 
Dr. Eliot retires, 307. 
Dreyfusism, 195. 
Dr. Pardee's vocabulary, 148. 
Eastern criticism of San Francisco affairs, 372. 
Fresno Republican advises, The, 67. 
Georgia politics, 68. 
Government of Turkey, 83. 

Governor-elect Cosgrove, of the State of Wash- 
ington, 435. 
Governor Hughes, 4. 
Governor Hughes, 68. 

equitable Life Building in New York, 36. 
Heney-Ruef incident, 3. 
Henry A. Butters, 276. 
Immunity contract, The, 116. 
Independent League ticket, 36. 
Judge John Garber, 420. 
Labor unions m politics, 132. 
"Lincoln Road," 51. 
Lincoln- Roosevelt League, 52. 

Lincoln-Roosevelt League, The. 115. 

London condemned by the Rev. W. Kingscote 
Greenland, 228. 

London Times, The, 4. 

Lord Ripon retires, 436. 

Miss Marv Greenleaf's broken engagement, 3. 

Motor-cars, 389. 

Mr. Andrew Carnegie and the tariff, 372. 

Mr. Andrew Carnegie's opinion on war, 211. 

Mr. Chafin, Prohibition candidate for the presi- 
dency, 148. 

Mr. Frank H. Hitchcock, 371. 

Mr. Hearst's campaigr 211. 

Mr. Heney and the Lincoln- Roosevelt League, 83. 

Mr. Heney and the newspapers, 228. 

Mr. Heney's conduct in court, 36. 

Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Gompers, 276. 

Mr. Roosevelt's proposed trip to California, 211. 

Mr. Roosevelt's word to the Transmississippi Con- 
gress, 228. 

Mr. Rudolph Spreckels to confer with the Presi- 
dent, 228. 

Mr. Spreckels in politics, 84. 

Mr. Taft's mail, 68. 

Mr. Theodore Bell, 84. 

'Sir. Woodruff and the senatorship, 435. 

Mrs. C. P. Huntington's Paris house, 3. 

Mrs. Taft, 307. 

Municipal Traction Company of Cleveland, Ohio, Historic Ghosts and Ghost Hunters— H. Adding- 

The, 291 
Nat Goodwin's marriage, 211. 
New arrangement with Japan, 389. 
Nov York mayoralty recount, The, 19. 
Oregon politics, 3S9. 
Owens River water bonds, 52. 
Philip N. LiUenthal, 179. 
Politics in Maine, 179. 
Postal savings banks, 20. 
President and Mr. Pulitzer, The, 420. 
Protection of birds in Oregon, 132. 
Reclamation of the Sacramento Valley, 212 
Resolutions ot respect for ex-President 

land, 19. 
Retirement of Secretary Metcalf, The, 389. 
Rice throwing at weddings, 68. 
Ruef case, The, 291. 

Sacramento Union offers reward for valor, 36 
Sale of Hunter's Point drydock, 33?. 
Senator Piatt's successor, 339. 
Senatorship in Ohio, The, 389. 
SIoe machine gambling, 4. 
Springfield affair, The, 179. 
Standard Oil in Oklahoma, The, 84. 
Stanford Student, The, 339. 
"Suffragette" movement, 3/2. 
Taft's prospective cabinet, 19. 
Taft's strong points, 19. 
Transmississippi Congres?, The. 243. 
Transportation in Washington, 83. 
Umatilla Indians, The, 84. 
Water supply for San Francisco, 3. 
W. J. Bartnett, 20. 
William Hoff Cook, 20. 
Woman's suffrage, 389. 



Abraham Lincoln — Henry Bryan Biuns, 89 
Adopting of Rose Marie, The — Carroll 

Rankin, 398. 
Alaska, the Great Country — Ella Higginson, 398. 
Altar Stairs, The — G. B. Lancaster, 361. 
Along the Rivieras of France and Italy — Gordon 

Home, 425. 
Amedee's Son — Harry James Smith, 319. 
Angel Esquire — Edgar Wallace, 233. 
Annabel Channice — Anne Douglas Sedgwick, 318. 
Arkinsaw Cousins — J. Breckenridge Ellis, 185. 
Art of Singing, The — Sir Charles Santley, 25. 
As Others See Us — John Graham Brooks, 361. 
Aunt Maud — Ernest Oldmeadow, 2 1 7. 
Autobiography of Oliver Otis Howard, 137. 
Barry Gordon — William Farquhar Pay son, 393. 
Bay Forty-Niners, The — Everett McNeil, 398. 
Beginnings in Industrial Education — Paul H. 

Hanus, 233. 
Betty of the Rectorv — Mrs. L. T. Meade, 185. 
Bible Series, A, 361. 
Big Game Shooting on the Equator — Captain F. 

A. Dickinson, F. R. G- S-, 89. 
Bond, The — Neith Boyce, 25. 

Book of the Pearl, The — George Frederick Kunz. 
A. M., Ph. D., and Charles Hugh Steven 
son, LL. M., D C. L., 297. 
Borderland Studies — George M. Gould, M. D., 201 

ton Bruce, 322. 
History of California — Helen Elliott Bandini, 217. 
History of the United States Navy, A — John R. 

Spears, 89. 
Holy Orders— Marie Corelli, 318. 
Home Occupation for Boys and Girls — Bertha 

Johnston, 441. 
Housekeeper's Week, The — Marion Harland, 28*1. 
I and My True Love— 11. A. Mitchell Keays. 345. 
Iliad of the East, The— Frederika Macdonald, 41. 
In and Around the Isle of Purbeck — Ida Wood- 
ward, 265. 
Insect Stories- — Vernon L. Kellogg, 265. 
Cleve- isi. 

Interpretation of Life, The— Gerhardt C. C. Mars, 

B. D., Ph. D„ 361. 
In Texas with Davy Crockett— Everett McNeil, 
In the Land of Mosques and Minarets— Francis 

Miltown and Blanche McManus, 105. 
In the Woods and on the :^hore — Richard D. 

Ware, 169. 
Introduction to the Study of Economics — Charles 

Jesse Bullock, Ph. D., 233. 
Irresistible Current, lhe — Mrs. I. Lo^enberg, 89. 
Island Pharisees, The — John Galsworthy, 297. 
ttalica — William Roscoe Thayer, 121. 
lames Francis Edward, the Old Chevalier — Martin 

Haile, 151. 
Jean Jacques Rousseau — Jules Lemaitre, 137. 
Joan of Garioch — Albert Kinross, 316. 
f udith of the Cumberlands — Alice MacGowan, 

Julie's Diary, a Personal Record, 153. 
Justice of the Mexican War, The — Charles H. 

Owen, 441. 
Lady J ulia's Emerald — Helen Hester Colvill, 1 05. 
Last Vovage of the Donna Isabel, The — Randall 
Law of 'the Rhvthmic Breath, The— Ella Adelia 

Fletcher, 321. 
Lee and His Cause — John R. Deering, D. D., 153. 
Leonare Stubbs — L. B. Walford, 398. 
Life and Voyages of Joseph Wiggins, F. R. G. S.. 
The — Henry Johnson, 73. 
Watson Life of Henry Irving, The — Austin Brereton, 359. 
Life of James McNeil Whistler, The— E. R. and 

J. Pennell, 375. 
Life of Thomas Bailey Aid rich, The — Ferris 

Greenslet, 423. 
Lisbon and Cintra — A. C. Incbbold, 377. 
Little Flower of St. Francis of Assissi, The — 
Translated from the Italian by T. W. 
.Arnold, M. A., 398. 
Living on a Little — Caroline Franch Benton, 281- 

Parrish, 167. 
Leaven of Love, The — Clara Louise Burnham, 265. 
Lentala of the South Seas — W. C. Morrow, 281. 
Letters of Cortez — Translated and edited by Fran- 
cis Augustus MacNutt, 1 69. 
Lewis Rand — Mary Johnston, 215. 
Life and Public Services of George Luther 

Stearns, The, 217. 
Life of Goethe, The— Albert Bielschowsky, 185. 
Lincoln in the Telegraph Office — David Homer 

Bates, 73. 
Literary Criticism in the Renaissance — J. E. Spin- 

garn, 57. 
Little Brown Brother, The — Stanlev Portal Hvatt, 

Little Brown Juge of Kildare, The — Meredith 
Nicholson, 217 

Brotherhood of Wisdom, The— Frances J. Armour, Long Arm of Mannister, The— E. Phillips Oppen- 

heim, 319. 

Long Odds— Harold Bindloss, 249. 

Lord of Lands, A — Ramsey Benson, 361. 

Lost Goddess, The — Edward Barron, 153. 

Lynch's Daughter — Leonard Merrick, 345. 

M'an of Genius, A— M. P. Willcocks, 73. 

Man Who Ended War, The — Hollis Godfrey, 345. 

Man Without a Head, The^— Tyler de Saix, 318. 

Marcia Schuyler — Grace Livingston Hill Lutz, 9. 

Master Influence, The — Thomas McKean, 377. 

Memoirs of the Countess de Boigne, 7. 

Mills of the Gods. The— Elizabeth Robins, 319. 

Mind That Found Itself, A — Clifford Whitting- 
ham Beers, 120. 

Mirabeau and the French Revolution — Fred Mor- 
row Fling, Ph. D„ 247. 

Miscellanies, Volume IV — John Morley, 121. 

Miss Esperance and Mr. Wvcherly — L. Allen 
Harker, 297. 


Builders of LTnited Italy — Rupert Sargent Hol- 
land, 281. 
Cambridge History of English Literature, The — 

Edited bv A. W. Ward, Litt. D., and A. R. 

Waller, M. A., 321. 
Canon and the Text of the New Testament — 

Caspar Rene Gregory, 105. 
Captain Love — Theodore Roberts, 89. 
Cape Cod — Flenry D. Thoreau, 265. 
Car and the Lady, The — Grace S. Mason and 

Percv F. Megargel, 185. 
Charles the Bold — Ruth Putnam, 57. 
Children's Longfellow, The, 265. 
Children's Treasure Trove of Pearls, The — Edited 

by Mary W. Tileston, 425. 
Child's Guide to Mythology, A — Helen Archibald 

Clarke, 377. 
Church of Today, The — Joseph Henry-Croker, 137. 

Circular Ctaircase, The — Mary Roberts Rinehart, Mistaken Marriage, A — F. E. Mills Young, 1S5. 


Cobbler, The— Elma A. Travis, M. D., 217. 

Coffee and a Love Affair — Mary Boardman Shel- 
don, 249. 

Colonel Greatheart— FI. C. Bailey, 319. 

Coming Harvest, The — -Rene Bazin, 361. 

Coming Science, The — Hareward Carrington, 425. 

Counsels by the Way — Henry Van Dyke, 398. 

Courage of Captain Plum, The — James Oliver Cur- 
wood, 441. 

Cousin Cinderella — Mrs. Edward Cotes, 265. 

Damaged Reputation, A- — Harold Bindloss, 398. 

Daniel Boone, Backwoodsman — Frank McKernan, 

Diana of Dobson's — Cecily Hamilton, 9. 

Drama and Life — A. B. Walkley, 121. 

Destroyers, The— John F. Carter, Jr., 89. 

Diary of a Looker-On, The — C. Lewis Hind, 201. 

Distributors, The — Anthony Partridge, 361. 
)iva's Ruby, The — F. Marion Crawford, 281. 

Mr. Horace Piatt's Speeches, 234. 
Modern Prometheus, A — Martha Gilbert Dickin- 
son Bianchi, 121. 
More, a Study of Financial Conditions Now 

Prevalent — George Otis Parker, 153. 
Motor-Flight through France, A — Edith Wharton, 

Motoring Abroad — Frank Presbrey, 73. 
Musical Memories: My Recollection of Celebrities 

of the Half-Century 1850-1900— George P. 

Upton, 440. 
Mv Life and My Lectures — Lamar Fontaine, C. 

E., Ph. D., 201. 
Next Step in Evolution, The — Isaac K. Funk, D. 

D., LL. D„ 137. 
New American Type and Other Essays, The — 

Henry D. Sedgwick, 41. 
New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious 

Knowledge — Edited by Samuel Macauley 

Jackson, D. D., LL. D., 

Duke's Motto, The — Justin Huntly McCarthy, 319. 9009— James Hopper and Fred. R. Bechdolt, 361 

Evening Thoughts — J. R. Miller, 441. Northwest Passage, The — Roald Amundsen, 104. 

Every' Man for Himself — Norman Duncan, 345. Nun, The — From the French of Rene Bazin, 169 

Evolution of Modern Orchestrations, The — Louis Old Mr. Davenant's Money — Frances Powell, 9. 

Adolphe Coerne, Ph. D., 322. Old Spanish Masters — Timothy Cole and Charl< 
-Herschel Williams, 

Fairy Tales from Folk Lore 


Famous French Salons — Hamel, 56. 
Federal Usurpation — Franklin Pierce, 25. 
Firing Line, The — Robert Chambers, 153. 
First and Last Things— PL G. Wells, 321. 
Ganton & Co. — Arthur Jerome Eddy, 249. 
Gardening in California. Landscape and Flower — 

John McLaren, 44 1 . 
Gentle Grafter, The— O. Henrv, 398. 
Gentlest Art, The — Edited by E. V. Lucas, 41. 
Gilbert Neal — Will N. Harben, 377. 
Gorgeous Isle, The — Gertrude Atherton, 320. 
Great Amulet, The — Maud Dover, 25. 
Greater Love, The — Anna McClure Sholl. 137. 
Great Miss Driver, The — Anthony Hope, 345. 
Green Domino, The — Anthony Dvllington, 377. 
Grey Knight, The— Mrs. Henry De La Pasture. 73. 
Guest of Quesnay, The — Booth Tarkington, 265. 
Halfway House — Maurice Hewlett, 57. 
Happy Moralist, The— Hubert Bland, 121. 
Health and Happiness — Rt. Rev. Samuel Fallows, 

D. D-, LL. D., 297. 
Henrv James Edition, The, 248. 

High* Adventure. The — Hugh De Splincourt, 249. 
Hilary on Her Own— Mabel Barne -Grundy, 249. 

H. Caffin, 169. 

On the Open Road— Ralph Waldo Trine. 297. 

Oriental Tale in England in the Eighteenth Cen- 
tury, The— Martha Pike Conant, Ph. I>. 

Orthodoxy — Gilbert K. Chesterton, 317. 

Over Against Green Peak — Josephine Humph rcy. 

Over Bremerton's — E. V. Lucas, 295. 

Palace of Danger, The — Mabel Wagnall?. 345. 

Panther, The — Anne Warner, 441. 

Parerga — Canon Sheehan, D. D., 281. 

Peacock's Pleasaunce, The. 233. 

Peggy at Spinster Farm — Helen M. Winslow, 169. 

People and Problems — Fabian Franklin, 153. 

Persia; the Awakening East— W. P. Cresson. F. 
R. G. S. t 57. 

Personal Recollections of Wagner — Angelo Neu- 
mann, 263. 

Peter — F. Hopkinson Smith, 377. 

Physical Basis of Civilization, The— T. W. Hcmc- 
man, 57. 

Pinafore Picture Book, The— Sir W. S. Gilbert, 

Poem Outlines — Sidney Lanier, 425. 

Post Girl, The— Edward C. Booth. 24. 


Present Day Problems— William H. Taft, 57. 

Princess Nadine — Christian Reid, 41. 

Principles of Psychic Philosophy — Charles B. 

Newcomb, 377. 
Principles of Physiology and Hygiene — George 

Wells Fitz, M. D., 321. 
Principles of Psychic Philosophy — Charles B. 

Newcomb, 169. 
Prisoner of the Sea, A — Chauncey C. Hotchkiss, 

Privileged Classes, The; — Barrett Wendell, 441. 
Purple and Homespun — Samuel M. Gardenhire, 

Quatrains of Christ — George Creel, 322. 
Quickened— Anna Chapin Kay, 105. 
Racial Contrasts — Albert Gehring, 323. 
Religion and Medicine — Elwood Worcester, 41. 
Remini^c-nces of Ladv Randolph Churchill, The, 

Revolt ot Anne Rovle, The— Helen R. Martin, 

Richard Strauss— Ernest Newman, 233. 
Riverman, The — Stewart Edward White, 233. 
Robin Aroon — Armistead C. Gordon, 441. 
Roman Catholic and Protestant Bibles Compared, 

Romance of Roman Villas— Elizabeth W. Champ- 

nev, 297. 
Round the Corner in Gav St.— Grace S. Richmond, 

Salthaven— W. W. Jacobs, 398. 

Science and Immortality— Sir Oliver Lodge, 323. 
Sense of the Infinite, The— Oscar Kuhns, 249. 
Seven Ages of Washington, The — Owen Wister, 

Shakespeareana, 324. 
Short History of Engraving and Etching, A — 

A. M. Hind, 377. 
Shoulders of Atlas, The — Mary E. Wilkins Free- 
man, 169. 
Silver Butterfly of Mrs. Wilson Woodrow, The, 

Social Psychology — Edward Alsworth, 9. 
Soldier's Letters to Charming Nellie, A — J. B. 

Polley, 0. 
Some Christmas Books, 399. 
Sport of Bird Study, The— Herbert K. Job, 89. 
Standard Concert Guide, The — George P. Upton. 

Standard of Usage in English, The— Professor 

Thomas R. Lounsbury, 25. 
Statue, The — Eden Phillpotts and Arnold Bennet, 

Story of New England Whalers, The— John R. 

Spears, 265. 
Stuart's Cavalry in the Gettysburg Campaign- 
John S. Mosby, 25. 
Studies of the Eighteenth Century in Italy— 

Vernon Lee, 425. 
Study of Nature, The — Samuel Christian 

Schmucker, 185. 
Sunny Side of the Hill, The— Rosa Nouchette 

Carey, 425. 
Tables of Store — Harold Begbie, 265. 
Teacher of Dante, A— Nathan Haskell Dole, 21/. 
Technique of the Novel, The — Charles F. Home, 

Testing of Diana Mallory, The — Mrs. Humphry 

Ward, 233. ^ „, , 

Thomas Cbatterton, the Marvelous Boy— Charles 

Edward Russell, 72. 
Three Girls, and a Hermit — Dorothea Conyers, 

Tbou Fool— J. J. Bell, 318. 
Together — Robert Herrick, 136. 
To the End of the Trail — Richard Hovey, 185. 
Training the Bird Dog— C. B. Whitford, 233. 
Uncle Tom Andy Bill— Charles Major, 398. 
Vera the Medium — Richard Harding Davis, 398. 
Views and Reviews — Henry James, 137. 
Villa Rubein — John Galsworthy, 441. 
Virgin of ludgment, The — Eden Phillpotts, 42a. 
Wage-Earners' Budgets— Louse Bolard More, 89. 
War in the Air, The— H. G. Wells, 377. 
Wayfarers, the— Mary Stewart Cutting, 105. 
Weeping Cross — Henrv Longan Stuart, 199. 
Well in the Desert, The — Adeline Knapp, 185. 
What the White Race May Learn from the 

Indian — George Wharton James, 185. 
When Men Grew Tall, or the Story of Andrew 

Jackson — Alfred Henry Lewis, 88. 
Wooing of Calvin Parks, The — Laura E. Richards, 

White Rose of Weary Leaf — Violet Hunt, 201. 
Wilder Life, The— T. R. Miller, 361. 
Woman Pays, The — Frederic P. Ladd, 121. 
Woman's Wav Through Unknown Labrador, A — 

Mrs. Leonidas Hubbard, 279. 
World I Live In, The— Helen Keller, 323. 
Wroth — Agnes and Egerton Castle, 249. 
Wnlnoth, the Wanderer— Escott-Inman, 265. 


Flaneur — 

Blanche Eates in a New Melodrama, 24s. 

Manhattan's Operatic Rivalry, 357. 

Mme. Chaminade at the Piano, 293. 

Salome in New York Vaudeville, 53. 

Satanic Rivalry in Manhattan, 149. 

The Harvard-Yale Football Game, 373. 

The Late Mrs. William Astor, 309. 

Tony Pastor, 133. 

Two Theatrical Misfits, 181. 
J. G.— 

The Marathon Race, 117. 
Letters to the Editor — 

As Seen from New York — Irvirt J. Weil, 420. 

Caspar F. Goodrich, 339. 
Edward S. Thacher, 68. 

History of Street Names — George Davidson, 

House of the Capulets — Sarita D. Hender- 
son, 339. 

Prohibition in Maine — Henry Hatch, 228. 

Protest, A — William D. Andrews, 372. 

Taft a Better Radical Leader Than Bryan — 

The New Miracle Play — A First Nighter, 68. 
Lorrimer, Charles — 

A Buddhist Pope in Peking, 421. 

A New Animosity, 248. 

Sir Robert Hart's Good-By, 69. 
Piccadilly — 

A Blazing Indiscretion, 342. 

A Friendly Invasion, 165. 

A New Gambling System, 229. 

Literary England, 315. 

Mr. Barrie Scores Again, 197. 

Personally Conducted, 261 . 

The Embassador and the Dancer. 437. 

The Festival of "St. Grouse." 101. 

The Jov of the Fox Hunt, 395. 

The Reid-Ward Wedding, 21. 

Winston Churchill's Wedding, 215. 
St. Martin — 

Exit the Diamond Maker, 37. 

Paris in Darkness, 133. 

Parisians Try to Pick the Ponies, 85- 

Race Suicide in France, 8. 

The French Novel, 311. 

The Labor Union and the Singer, 213. 


Absurdities of the Fictionists, 282. 

American Chivalry, 447. 

American National Red Cross, 303. 

American Women in London, 55. 

Another California Tradition Shattered, 216. 

Artist and the Public, The, 344. 

Bank of California's New Home, The, 174. 

Baron von Sternburg's Career, 149. 

Barrie's Dramatic Assistant, 235. 

Bellini's Best Opera, 344. 

Bohemian Jinks, The, 183. 

By the Friend of Actors — George L. Shoals, 313. 

Campaign Echoes, 308. 

Campaign Topics, 4, 20, 36, 52, 68, 84, 100, 116, 
132, 148, 164, 180, 196, 212, 228, 244, 260, 

Charles Eliot Norton, 29S. 

Critic's Duty and Difficulty, The, 307. 

Current Topics, 340, 372, 420, 436. 

Daniel Coit Gilman, Educator, 277. 

Dickens's Inclination to Mimicry, 152. 

DeGogorza Appreciation, A — Josephine Hart 
Phelps, 331. 

De Koven's Successes, 442. 

English Lobby, The, 264. 

European Days, 271. 

Ex-President Doolev's Own Story of His- Big 
Hunt, 176. 

Feminism in Politics, 292. 

Foyer and Box Office Chat 10, 26, 42, 58, 74, 90, 
106, 123, 138, 154, 170, 186, 202, 218 234 
251, 266, 282, 298, 330, 346, 302, 37S. 411, 
426, 442. 

Gadski Conce.ts, The, 446. 

Gottschalk and His Gypsying, 29?. 

Grand Opera at Covent Garden, 159. 

Grover Cleveland — M. S., 5. 

Hammerstein Conservatory of Music, A, 171. 

Hammerstein's Philadelphia Opera House, 431. 

Hart, Jerome A. — Sardou's Successful Struggle, 

History of Literature, A, 73. 

Howells in Youth and Age, 104. 

Individualities, 8, 23, 39, 53, 69, 87, 101 119 
135, 152, 165, 181, 197, 213, 229, 24=! 261 
277, 293, 309, 342, 357, 373, 421, 439. 
Japanese Treatment of Foreigners, 340. 
Jessie Kaufman's Novel, 218. 
Kipling's India Days, 440. 

Literary Notes, Personal and Miscellaneous Gos- 
sip, 10, 26, 42, 58, 74, 90, 106, 122, 138 
154, 170, 186, 202, 218, 234, 251, 266 2S 1 ' 
2<>$, 362, 378. 402, 426, 442. 
London's Theatrical Year, 90. 
Lydia Thompson's Career, 404. 
Massenet's "Jongleur," 408. 
M. Coquelin in London, 75. 
Memories of Bishop Potter, 117. 
Miller, Mary A. — William Keith, 392. 
Miss Garden's Opinion, 426. 
"Mr. Doolcy" on Happiness, 280. 
Mr. Hansen's Pictures. 344. 
Mr. Kennedy's "The Winterfest," 443 
Mr. Piatt's Addresses, 320. 
Mrs. Casey on Philosophy, 192. 
Mrs. Casey's Politics, Fruit and Geography ''O 1 
Moving Picture Photography in Colors, 168.' 
Napoleon III, 207. 
New Publications, 10, 26, 41, 57. 73, 90 106 p"* 

138, 154, 170, 186, 201, 21S, 234. 25l' 
xt v 28 !' 297 ' 325 ' 345 - 362, 378, 402. 425 44 1 
New Wk Grand Opera Season, The, 303. 
Overland Route Books, 271. 
Paste Jewelry, 175. 

nal, Army and Navy, 15, 31, 47, 63 79 95 
111. 127, 143, 159, 175, 191, 207. 223, '239' 
255, 271, 287, 303, 335, 351, 367, 383 415 
•iil, 44/. 

Personal Notes and Gossip, Movements and 
Whereabouts, 14, 30, 46, 62, 78, 94 110 
126, 142, 158, 174. 190, 206, 222, 238 ?54 
270, 286. 302, 334, 350, 366| 382 414! 430 

Phe ' PS 'ti6 T n Se 33i ne Hart_ A De G °S°™a Apprecia- 

Philosopher's Forecast, \ 245 

Pictures Whose Painters Are Dead, 250 

Politico-Personal, 5, 21, 37, 52, 341, 356,' 437 

Princely Happiness, ]43. 

Prison Commission Benefit. A ?66 Wills and Successions, 126' 

{{epilations for International Aeronauts, 75 

Revival of Fresco Painting, 91 

Jan Francisco Artist's Abroad— E. C B F 21^ 

Sardou^ Successful Struggle-Jerome A. "Hart 

siSSSSv 1 *! £"T By ,h ? Friend of A «°"-s, 313. 
Some Political Echoes. 356 

Strauss's "Elektra," 303 

btoryettes, 13, 29, 45, 61, 77, 93, 109 125 141 
157. 173, 189, 205, 221, 237 253 4 5 ' 41' 
301 333, 349,' 365.' 381,' 413, 429.' 445 ' 

Sunday Afternoon "Pop" Concerts, The, 442 

lan a Dangerous Acquirement, 74 

Thomas Hill, Artist, 406. 

The Alleged Humorists, 16, 32, 48, 64 80 96 11' 
128, 144, 160, 176, 192, 208 2'4 '->4o' 256' 
272, 288, 304, 336, 352, 368, 384; 416) 432| 

The Merry Muse, 13, 29, 45, 61, 77, 93 109 I?5 
\H- \l 7 ' I73 ' 189 ' 205 ' 221 > 2 37, 253| 269] 

..Ti. 28 , 5 ,; 3 , 01 ,' 336 ' 349 ' 365, 381, 416, 429| 44s! 
three Weeks on the Stage, 120. 

Thunderer in Court, The, 104. 

Thunderstorm in Paris, A, 280. 

Tommy's Pretty Manicure, 360 

Too Much Salome, 155. 

Utopian Theatre, The, 168. 

Vanity Fair, 12, 28, 44, 60. 76. 92, 108, 124 140 
156, 172, 188, 204, 220, 236, 252, 268! 284' 
300, 332, 348, 364, 380, 412, 428, 444. 

Voice from the South, A, 260. 

Wife's Confession, The, 267. 

William Keith, Artist — Mary A. Miller, 392? 

Winners in the Olympic Games, 85. 

Yuletide Play, A, 430. 


Plagues, Tames Duncan, 122. 
Herrin, Mrs. William F.. 191. 
Patton, Mrs., 207. 
Upham._ Isaac. 143. . 


American Husband, An — Y. H. Addis, 403. 

Bad Case, .. — From St. James Gazette, 280. 

Chumming with an Apache — Frank Bailey Millard, 

Courage of Jose Borgas, The — Walter Adolf Rob- 
erts, 314. 

Diana's Bandit Guide — Jerome A. Hart, 422. 

Diana's Vaquero Cavalcade — Jerome A. Hart, 6. 

Federal Power Defied, The — Jerome A. Hart, 214. 

Forr Vigilant and Its Men — Jerome A. Hart, 134. 

For Yellow Gold—Frank Bailey Millard, 296. „_ 
From Stone-Cutter to Senator — Jerome A. Hart, 

Gentlemen of the Gutter — Harry Davids, 396. 
Hacienda Holds Carnival, The — Jerome A. Hart, 

Higher Law for Land, A — Jerome A. Hart, 86. 
Husband's Mistake, A — Translated from the 

French by E. C. Waggener, 376. 
Intrepid Press Perplexed, An — Terome A. Hart, 

Judge in Contempt, A — Jerome A. Hart, 374. 
Judge Versus Vigilante — Jerome A. Hart, 182. 
Justice of Gold Gulch, The— Jerome A. Hart, 438. 
Lady Visitors at Fort Vigilant — Jerome A. Hart, 

Lightly's Great Success — James Knapp Reeve, 

Magistrate's New Winter Coat, The— Translated 

from the Danish by Hanna Larsen, 200. 
Marooned — Jerome A. Hart, 54. 
Monsieur s M isad venture — Translated from the 

French by H. Twitchell, 168. 
None to Pray for Them — Anne Walsingham, 264. 
Northern and Southern Chivalry — Jerome A. 

Hart, 1'78. 
Old Mans Dream, The— Douglass II. Morse, 216. 
Picket Number Ten— George Shedd, 1S4. 
Pierre's Rotisserie — Jerome A. Hart. 2 
Short Word, The — Jerome A. Hart, 294. 
Silver Toes ot Fatima, The— Edith Hecht, 152. 
^ix Hundred and One — Jerome A. Hart, 390. 
Spurious Divorce, A — Jerome A. Hart, 358. 
Text from Mencius, A— Edwin H. Clough, 393. 
Thousand Drinks per Day, A — Jerome A. Hart, 70. 
Trick of the Trigger, The — Terome A. Hart, 310 
Two feuds Begin to Tangle— Terome A. Hart, 262. 
V icomte s Vagary, A— Translated from the 

French by Leon de Tinseau, 405. 
\ igilautes Form, The— Jerome A. Hart, 118. 
Vigilantes' Grand Inquest, The — Jerome A. Hart. 

\ igilantes* Vengeance,. The — Terome A. Hart, 150 
Vigilantes Versus Judge — Jerome A. Hart, 262. 


Phelps, Josephine Hart — 

A "Banner" Orpheum Bill, 443. 

A De Gogorza Appreciation, 331 

r View of Warficld, 235. 

"A (.rand Army Man." 
"Aristocracy," 410". 
A Satanic Drama, 219. 

"The Devil." 
Black and Red Dramas, 299. 
Blanch Arral's Concert, 363. 
"•brother Officers" Again, 155. 
Dustin Farnura's "Squaw Man." 250 
Emilio De Gogorza, 347. 
"Pagan's Decision/' 219. 
Hampden and Whittlesey, 73. 

"It I Were King." 
Henry Miller at the Van Ness, 27. 

"The Great Divide." 
Henry Miller's Sydney Carton, 107. 
Melodrama — Baliad Opera, 203. 

"The Great Ruby." "Maritana." 
Mrs. Fiskc at the Alcazar, 11. 
^ "Rosmcrsholm." 
Xordica's Concert, 427. 

Paid in Full," 37i>. 
OiTenbach's Last Opera, 13*>. 

"Love Tales of Hofl 
"One Summer's Day," 171. 
Orpheum, 43. 

Percy Mackaye's "Mater," 91. 
Romantic "Graustark," 267. 
Rose Stahl's '"Chorus Ladv," 347. 
Some Playhouse Problems," 43. 

''The Great. Divide." 
"The Clansman." "A Navajo's Love." 
"The Devil," 235. 
"The Man of the Hour," 13*-. 
The Orpheum, 267. 
"The Servant in the House," 59. 
"The Toreador," 219. 
"The Toy Maker," 155. 
Undramatic "Peer Gvnt." 410. 
Wanield ind Belasco, 187. 
"Zira." 427. 
Shoals, George L. — 

"The Idol's Eye," 123. 

The Racing Game in the Plav, 283. 

"Checkers," "Playing the Ponies." 


Aldrich. T. B.— The Guerdon, 293. 

Arnold, Sir Edwin— Buddha and the Woman, 

Blancbemain, Prosper— 'Twixt Sleep and Waking, 

Bourdillcn, F. W.— The Closing Year, 395. 
Brenan, John Gerald — The Elopement, 277 
Browning, Robert— Solomon and Balkis, 309 
Burton, Richard— If We Had the Time, 437. ' 
De Parny — The Rose, 229. 
Desbordes-Valmore — 

You Had My Whole Heart, 229. 

The Roses of Saadi, 229. 
Freiligrath, Ferdinand — Sand Songs, 373. 
French, Herbert — I Heard a Soldier, 437. 
Gautier, Theopbile — Departure of the Swallows, 

Fleming, Paul— To My Ring. 395. 

Henley, W. E.— Ballad of Dead Actors, 216. 

Herrick, Robert — Primroses, 165. 

Hugo, Victor — The Veil, 85. 

Jefferies, Charles — Jeannette and Jeannot, 342 

Keats, John — Ode to Autumn, 165. 

Kipling, Rudyard— Jubel and Tubel Cain, 342. 

Knowles, Frederick Lawrence — Love Triumphant, 

Leland, Charles Godfrey— The Two Friends, 53. 
Mackay, Charles— Under the Holly Bough, 437. 
Malone, Walter — Opportunity, 437. 
Morris, William — 

Before Our Lady Came, 244. 

Atalanta Victorious, 244. 
Moulton, Louise Chandler — 

Come, Sleep! 133. 

When We Confront the Vastness of the 
Night, 133. 

Were But My Spirit Loosed Upon the Air, 

At Rest, 133. 
Muller, Wolfgang — The Younker of Volmarstein, 

Nason, Emma Huntington — The Tower of Belus, 

Norton, Caroline Elizabeth — Love Not! 165. 
O'Reilly, John Boyle— At Best, 53. 
Patmore, Coventry — In Parting with Friends, 342. 
Probyn, May — "Portrait of a Lady, 17 — ," 101. 
Read, Thomas Buchanan — The Closing Scene, 149. 
Scott, Sir waiter — The Last Minstrel, 117. 
Spencer, William Robert — Beth Gelert, 181. 
Thomson, Francis — The Mirage, 395. 

Weatherly, Frederick Edward— Douglas Gordon, 
Wordsworth, William — The Happy Warrior, 37. 


Allen, Alice E. — In Autumn, 232. 

Bangs, John Kendrick— The Priceless Though!, 

Blackwell, Alice Stone — The Bond, 232. 
Barker, Elsa — To the Apollo Belvedere, 190. 
Braithwaite, William Stanley — Todav and Tomor- 
row, 72. 
Burton, Richard — 

In the Children's Hospital, 120. 
In the Place de al Bastile, 138. 
Byrd, Mouncc — A Good Time, 72. 
Cawein, Madison — 

Summer's Close, 282. 
The Old Gate Made of Pickets, 2 
The Voice of the Ocean, 346. 
Cleghorn, Sarah N.— The Brides of May and Sep- 
tember, 190. 
Coates, Florence Earle — Beauty's Path, 158. 
Cole, T. C. — Millet, 407. 
Conkling, Grace Hazard— To Stevenson, of Some 

Critics, 248. 
Coolbrith, Ina— With the Laurel, 90. 
Davis, Harry — Christmas Sorrow, 397 
Davis, Steams— The Glad Day, 296. 
Dudley, Helen Hamilton— Men Never Know 28' 
Dunbar, Adis — The Spur, 158. 
Dunn, Rhoda Hero— The Closing Door, 72. 
Erskine, John— The Dead Doctor, 88. 
I-enollosa, Mary McNeil— Poor Mary, 158 
Field, Mary K._Mater Dolorosa, 234. 
Field, Michael— On a Portrait by Tinterot. 120 
roley, J. W. — Love and the Aeronaut, 239 
Galsworthy, John— The Moor Grave, 190 
Gallagher, F. O'Neill— The Sea Hate, 296 
Garrison, Tbeodosia — 
Defiance, 88. 
The Truth, 170. 
The Victor, 176. 
Gilbert, R. W.— Friend Dcaih, 138. 
Gilder, Richard Watson— On a Portrait of Serve- 

tus, 407. 
Goose, Edmund— Melancholy in the Garden, 407 
Gould, Gerald— The Good Moment, 27 
Henley, William Ernest— When You Are Old. 4? 
Hinkson Katharine Tynon— The Wind That 

bhakes the Barley, 58. 
Hooker, Brian — Song, 270. 

Hughes, Rupert— The Weaver and H.. It, cam, 88. 
kauffman, Reginald Wright— Bondat 

1 lie . ictor, 376. 
Kemple, S. H — The Defeated, 42. 
Kirk, Purdy Van — Regret, 270. 
Jewett, Sarah Orne — The Gloucester Mother 248 

Helen— The Hill o' Dreams 
Lea, Fannie Ilcaslip — 

Ninon Grows Old, 190. 
The Dead Faith, 120. 
Lucas, St. John— My Dog, 88. 
Lulham, Habberton— In Autumn Colors 213 
Mackaye, Percy W.— The Foremost Scholar, 24. 
Marsh, George T.— The Old Cano- 
McCormack, William F.— Babylon, 104. 
Miller, E. E.~ A Summer Love Song. 42 
Muse, Will D.— The Ma. tin's Song 
Noyes, Alfred — At Dawn, 72. 
Park, Humphreys — The Outlaw 
Pinckney, E. C — A Health, 440. 
Prentiss Charlotte— Chanson Louis XIII, 232. 
Koehe, James JciTrey— Put Up the Sword, 213 
Ross, Robert Erskine— The Song of the Miner. 

Runyon, Alfred Damon 

Scollard, Clinton — 

The Caravan, 138. 
The Lost Glamour, 170. 
The Wind Beguiletli Ail. 213. 
Springer, Tom — Christmas Sorrow V)l 
>u llivan .Archibald— Love's Tapestry, 104. 
lalbot, Ethel— Yggdrasil, 232. 
leasdale, Sara — Sappho, 88, 
Tennyson Alfred Browning Stanley— .Vieimantus. 

-A Song -.1 -.lie Service, 


Towne, Charles Hansen— A Rroken F. iendship, 24 
Trebor, Armin— The Poet, 213. 
J flee, ^KHuarj Sydney— Three froi i -edgemoor, 

Upson, Arthur— When the Song is Done 190 
Van Dyke, Henry— A Mile with Me, 424 
Walsh, Thomas— The Pathfinders, 346. 
Waterman, Nixon— A Little While, 424 
Welsh, Robert Gilbert— The Sentinel Scot, 170 
Whitson, Beth Slater— An Autumn Song 4'4 

X 2fi? ,!a VVbeeIcr ~ " Thc Need "•' "<c World. 

ur' nt f r ' ^V.',! 1 .'' 1 " 1 — Wi,h a IIan <lful or Roses. 346. 
Woods, W ilham Hervey— In the P 


Abbott-Smith, 126. 
Austin-Paxton, 430. 
Baker-Perkins, 366. 
Bocqueraz-Chabot, 62. 
Bogue-Payne, 206. 
Bolton-Currey, 254. 
Booth-Davis, 110. 
Breeze- Norwood, 206. 
Broome-Garcia, 430. 
Burnett-Hammond, 414. 
Cameron-De Young, 334. 
Chinn-Van Wyck, 206. 
Clem-Bouton, 30. 
Crosby-Buchanan, 222. 
Draper- Foster, 126. 
Duncan-Dixon, 206. 
Dutton-Welch, 302. 
Ed wards-Tar pey, 174. 
Ellinwood-Sollee, 350. 
Ellinwood-Stone, 350. 
Gerber-Whitaker, 1 90. 
Gill-Drum, 206. 
Girvin-Duncan, 334. 
Grubb-Cox, 94. 
Hennessey-Sheehan, 254. 
Holden-Angus, 126. 
Ireland-Porter, 46. 
Kuhn-Bowman, 286. 
Lacy-Ham tin, 302. 
LaFarge-Thompson, 206. 
Macomb- Walker, 158. 
McDonald-Davis, 382. 
Merrill-Moulton, 190. 
Miller-Bohrmann, 126. 
Neilson-McDougal, 270. 
Noble-Gentry, 430. 
Power-Trent, 446. 
Petherick-Poulteney. 270. 
Renison-Ffoulkes, 366. 
Somers-Judson, 78. 
Tobin-De Young, 302. 
TorneyAVright, 126. 
Wigmore-Moore, 382. 
Wood-Hyde-Smith, 238. 

The Argonaut. 

Vol. LXIII. No. 1632. 

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Published at 406 Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cal. 

Telephone, Kearny 5S95. 


ALFRED HOLM AN ------- Editor 


EDITORIAL: An Impending Conflict— Grover Cleveland— 
The Denver Convention — The Chairmanship — An Inci- 
dent and Its Moral— Aids to Beauty— President Duniway, 
and Some Reflections— A New Way with Divorce — 

Editorial Notes !- 4 


GROVER CLEVELAND: A Few Recollections of the Per- 
sonal Side of a Great American Statesman 5 



Hart 6 

THE COUNTESS DE BOIGNE: A Third Volume Closes a 

Brilliant Survey of Fifty Years of French Life 7 

RACE SUICIDE IN FRANCE: "St. Martin" Writes How 
Dr. Bertillon Warned His Government That the Nation 

Is Disappearing 8 

INDIVIDUALITIES: Notes about Prominent People All over 

the World 8 

CURRENT VERSE: "July": "Spinsterhood"; "Black-Heart 

Poppy" 8 

BOOKS AND AUTHORS. By Sidney G. P. Coryn 9 

LITERARY NOTES: Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip — 

New Publications 10 


DRAMA: Mrs. Fiske at the Alcazar. By Josephine Hart 

Phelps 11 


STORYETTES: Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Other- 
wise 13 


PERSONAL: Notes and Gossip— Movements and Where- 
abouts — Army and Navy 14-15 

THE ALLEGED HUMORISTS: Paragraphs Ground Out by 

the Dismal Wits of the Day : . . . 16 

San Francisco, July 4, 1908. 

Price Ten Cents 

ill surrender in the sense of so wording its platform 
as to "placate labor." As usual when serious things 
are to be done, it will fall to the Republican party to 
meet the issue. The Republican party sooner or later 
will have to meet the extreme and insolent demands of 
organized labor face to face as it has met every other 
insolent demand, from that of the slave driver down the 
line of wicked »and aggressive selfish interests. First 
or last, the Republican party will have to take this mon- 
ster of labor conspiracy by its throat, choke it into rea- 
son and respect, and put it back inside the lines of 
legitimacy and decency. Something indeed was gained 
at Chicago through defeat of a proposal which the 
President in his fear of results had foolishly and 
weakly conceded. But how much better it would have 
been if instead of straddling and seeking to cloud the 
issue, there had been a straightforward and manly 
declaration of basic principles guaranteeing freedom in 
the industries ! How infinitely stronger the party 
would be today and in the future if instead of shying 
away from this great issue it had met it squarely and 
boldly without fear and without evasion ! It would 
have been far easier to scotch this snake now than to 
do it as the Republican party will surely have to do it 
later on. 

An Impending Conflict. 

Whatever else the Denver convention may or may 
not do, it is a practical assurance that it will take an 
advanced position with respect to the labor issue. Mr. 
Gompers will be on hand ; indeed, he is already on 
hand and hard at work. He demands positive expres- 
sion and — he will get it. Whereas the Republican 
labor plank is a mere piece of shuffling and evasion, 
meaning nothing and intending to mean nothing, the 
Democratic declaration will be positive and sufficiently 
"advanced" to meet the wishes of the most radical. 

We are plainly at the beginning of a violently ag- 
gressive political movement on the part of organized 
labor. The hope of its leaders was to work upon and 
through both the great political parties by intimidation 
and bluster. Mr. Gompers stated the case fairly 
enough. Organized labor demands for itself special 
favor and consideration with such re-writing of the 
laws as will exempt it from the penalties of conspiracy. 
It demands leave by the methods of the boycott, of 
picketing, of threats — by any and every outrageous 
means — to get its way. It wants freedom for its "nor- 
mal activities" ; in other words, it wants license to 
tyrannize and terrorize any community which for its 
own purposes it may wish to frighten or injure. 

The Democratic party, in its desperate need of votes, 

Grover Cleveland. 

When Grover Cleveland came to the presidency in 
1885 at the age of forty-seven he was poorly equipped 
for the duties of that great office. Almost his whole 
life had been passed in a provincial city of western 
New York and his associations had not been of the 
best. As a lawyer he did not rank high ; as a county 
official he had been closely associated with the classes 
which make up the forces of local politics ; as a bache- 
lor he had lived without the moralizing and refining 
influences of domesticity. He came from good Pres- 
byterian stock, people of strong character but of small 
culture, limited social experience, and no taste. He 
was so little familiar with the amenities of official and 
social life as to regard a "strong-minded" sister, a 
woman who cropped her hair like a man and affected 
masculine subjects of conversation interlarded with 
pedantic quotations, a proper mistress for the White 
House. He had no scholarship, little general knowl- 
edge of his own country and next to none at all of the 
world in general. He had never learned to work 
through others and at the beginning undertook to do 
himself pretty much the whole labors of the adminis- 

We recite these facts not to belittle Mr. Cleveland, 
but rather to do him honor. At forty-seven most men 1 
have attained their full mental and moral stature; it is 
the exceptional man who has in him any real power 
of growth after that period. Mr. Cleveland was of the 
last-named sort; his larger education began with his 
election to the presidency, and from that day to the 
day of his death he grew and grew steadily to a 
degree something approaching personal grandeur of 
character. He rose as few men rise with the rise 
of fortune, until at his death last week, at the age 
of seventy-three, he stood easily the most respected 
figure in American life. Since Jefferson we have not 
had in the citizenship of the country one other man 
who has so completely illustrated the character and 
the proprieties of private station in combination with 
large dignities and recognized ascendency. 

The record of Mr. Cleveland's service in the presi- 
dency from 1885 to 1889 and again from 1893 to 1897. 
is one too long and too full even for summarization. 
He came into office both times under circumstances 
and conditions so exceptional, he encountered respon- 
sibilities so unusual, he dealt with problems so large 
that mere statement will not serve even to characterize 
his career. Other Presidents in recent times have had 
the backing and the guidance of party with the counsel 
of associates skilled in the practical work of govern- 
ment. Cleveland had no help from his party, for it 
could give him no support and it was as lacking in 

governmental experience as himself; in truth it clung 
like a millstone about his neck embarrassing him, ham- 
pering him, discrediting him, until he found the cour- 
age to push it to one side and to carry forward the gov- 
ernment in contempt alike of its theories and its de- 
mands. Cleveland's party would have destroyed his 
administration and it would have wrecked the country: 
Cleveland himself rose above his party, boldly accepted 
his responsibilities independently of party, and carried 
them with such dignity and effectiveness as to give 
himself a place among the fixed stars of our national 

Arty estimate of the public services of Mr. Cleveland 
must accord him distinguished honor as a supporter 
of the Constitution under circumstances of exceptional 
difficulty, as a developer of the navy, as a reformer of 
the land laws, as a purifier of the civil service, as a bold 
combatant of pension abuses, and as a denier of the 
privilege of party under any circumstances whatsoever 
to direct the policies of the country regardless of its 
responsibilities and interests. 

Nobody will claim for Mr. Cleveland freedom from 
faults and mistakes, but history will not deny to him 
the high tribute paid by President Eliot of Harvard — 
a man of courage, strength of purpose, and fidelity to 
duty. It was these qualities which in the crisis of the 
silver craze which had been espoused by his party that 
led Mr. Cleveland to cut loose from party influences 
and hold the finances of the country upon the one pos- 
sible sound and safe basis. Again it was these quali- 
ties, splendidly exercised, which in 1894 suppressed 
riot and outrage in the great railway strike at Chicago 
with the national military forces, emphatically assert- 
ing the responsibilities of government in connection 
with labor riots and making a precedent which other 
Presidents, including Roosevelt (as in the Southern 
X'evada troubles of recent date), have been compelled 
to follow. Still again, it was these qualities which led 
Mr. Cleveland in 1894 in the crisis of a South Ameri- 
can dispute — between Great Britain and Venezuela — 
to give to the Monroe Doctrine an emphatic assertion 
which, while it startled the world, vastly augmented 
respect for American purpose and determination. 

It came to Mr. Cleveland to suffer the dislike and 
resentment of his own party without commanding the 
immediate approval of his political opponents. He 
found himself for a considerable period, lasting indeed 
up to his retirement from the presidency, more per- 
sistently and bitterly criticised than any man — unless it. 
be Andrew Johnson — who ever held the presidential 
office. But in the midst of this long period of stress, 
a period in which Mr. Cleveland, although the Presi- 
dent and living in the White House, was nevertheless 
the most isolated figure in American life, there was no 
indication of weakness, no loss of courage, no let-down 
of purpose. Strong and steadfast in the midst of ad- 
versities under which a man of lighter nature would 
have been crushed, Mr. Cleveland so carried himself 
that those who then were his severest critics have come 
to be his warmest eulogists. 

In nothing else, perhaps, has Mr. Cleveland's public 
service been greater than in the fine example he has 
set of a President in retirement. Where others have 
trafficked upon the basis of reputation, Mr. Cleveland 
betrayed no weakness. He could not be brought either 
by cajoleries or promises of reward into those markets 
where distinctions like his have a money value. He 
betrayed no social ambition. Above all he gave him- 
self no 'license to meddle with politics. His opinions 
were freely given, but such influences as lay at his 
hand he declined absolutely to employ, even though 
importuned again and again. In brief, Mr. Cleveland 
in retirement showed himself a model of dignity and 
reserve, a very pattern of those virtues of citizenship 
so essential to the perpetuity of our system and prac- 
tically so difficult of illustration in a conspicuous char- 
acter that we must go back more than a full century 
for another exemplar. 

The change in public sentiment toward: 


July 4, 1908. 

land has been so radical that we now find it difficult 
to understand how "his purposes ever could have been 
mistrusted. Among the men of thousands to whom his 
death is a profound personal grief, full half were 
among his critics in his active years. And this fact 
ought to bear in upon every thoughtful mind with tre- 
mendous emphasis the fallibility of human judgment 
with its proneness to ill-considered conclusions and its 
tendency to censoriousness. 

The Denver Convention. 

Mr. Theodore Bell may well be gratified at his selec- 
tion for the temporary chairmanship at Denver. In 
many respects the temporary chairmanship is the most 
important official assignment connected with a national 
convention. It is the temporary chairman who has the 
first chance at an expectant audience and at an ex- 
pectant country. The speech of the temporary chair- 
man in assuming his duties is given close attention not 
only in the hall, but the country over, because it is pre- 
sumed to be a sort of "key-note" utterance, designed to 
declare the spirit of the party and of the occasion. It 
is essentially an opportunity for an orator; and it is 
scarcely less an opportunity for a writer, for the open- 
ing convention speech is always spread broadcast over 
the country to be read and studied by millions. 

What use Mr. Bell may make of this opportunity 
will, of course, rest upon Mr. Bell himself. Hitherto 
he has had no such test of his powers. His labors in 
Congress during his one term there were those calling 
for industry and social tact rather than for largeness of 
mind and for powers of utterance. His campaign 
speeches at home have dealt mostly with domestic mat- 
ters and have been given in partisan spirit. They 
have afforded no fair opportunity for large powers and 
have not been remarkable in any way. What Mr. Bell 
may be able to do with the larger themes of national 
interest and under the inspiration of a great occa- 
sion, nobody knows. Under such circumstances some 
minds rise to surprising heights of power; others are 
sunk under the weight of an overwhelming embarrass- 
ment. Commonly speaking, occasions which are ex- 
pected to inspire great things yield disappointment. 

For example, the speech of Mr. Burrows, tempo- 
rary chairman of the recent Chicago convention, ex- 
pected to be a very notable one, was commonplace and 
tedious. Mr. Burrows could think of nothing better 
to say while all the world was listening to him for the 
only time in his life than that the country had grown 
beyond precedent or expectation and to supply the proof 
in the form of a heavy and wearisome array of sta- 
tistics. It was all very sound and very important and 
deadly tiresome. It was entirely "respectable" as an 
address, but it interested nobody in the convention or 
out of it. If Mr. Burrows had had the instinct or 
the powers of an orator, he might have made a speech 
that would have been quoted ten million times during 
the campaign and which would have established his 
reputation as one of the great voices of the time. His 
failure was lamentable because the opportunity was so 
great. Let us hope that our friend Theodore will do 

At this writing there seems no question as to what 
the Denver convention will do with respect to the presi- 
dential nomination. Mr. Bryan will be nominated on 
the first ballot and probably by unanimous vote. A 
sufficient number of delegates is pledged to him to 
assure his nomination even under the two-thirds rule 
which continues to dominate Democratic national gath- 
erings — an outworn relic of the day when the slave 
power was in the saddle and when it controlled the 
Democratic party to its own uses. 

Nobody yet knows who Bryan's running mate is to 
be. Governor Johnson of Minnesota is the logical man 
and he ought, as a good party man, to take the nomina- 
tion, since he would undoubtedly give strength to the 
ticket. But it appears in these modern days that the 
greater figures of politics — even those who are assumed 
to stand for ideas, ideals, and all that sort of thing — 
are more ambitious for themselves than for their 
parties. They will serve party just so far as it 
suits their pleasure and ambition — and no farther. 
Governor Johnson has declined the vice-presidential 
nomination even without its being offered, and his name 
will probably not be considered at Denver. There are 
a thousand possible vice-presidential candidates, a not 
improbable man being Governor George Chamberlain 
of Oregon. Chamberlain has twice been elected gov- 
ernor of a State largely Republican and he has very 
recent'y, under an extraordinary scheme of selection, 
been 'hosen by popular vote for a United States sena- 
1 :>. A man who has thus demonstrated his quality 

as a vote-getter is not unlikely to be picked up by a 
party whose prime need is votes. 

Inevitably the Denver platform will be dominated 
by Bryan. But nobody knows what particular group 
of his many "isms" the genial Nebraskan will choose 
to put forward. One of our local papers hit off 
the situation very well a few days back in a cartoon 
representing Bryan as a "virtuoso" with bow in hand 
hesitating to choose among half a dozen fiddles, one 
representing Democracy, another Populism, another 
Socialism, another Union Labor, another Prohibition — 
and so on. Bryan in his time has been for so many 
"causes" that it is impossible to know which he will 
choose to put to the front this time. The fact that 
with the convention day almost here, nobody, appar- 
ently not even Bryan himself, knows what the "line" 
will be illustrates an interesting phase of the situation. 
Only one thing is certain, namely, that the Denver 
declarations will be more radical than the Chicago plat- 
form. In this, as in past struggles, the Democratic 
mainhold will be that of enmity and opposition to any- 
thing and everything bearing the stamp of Republican 
approval. , 

The Chairmanship. 
The custom which permits the presidential candidate 
practically to select the campaign head of the national 
committee is, perhaps, justified, although something 
might be said on the other side. In the case of Mr. Taft 
there appears rather overmuch hesitation — a hesitation 
indeed which indicates internal embarrassments in 
his immediate political household. The choice appears 
to lie between Mr. Vorys of Ohio and Mr. Hitchcock of 
Washington, both of whom were conspicuous as man- 
agers of Mr. Taft's personal campaign prior to and 
during the convention. Of Mr. Vorys's character and 
capabilities we know little; of Mr. Hitchcock's 
connections and methods we know far too much. 
Hitchcock is a smart young chap brought from some- 
where out of the ruck of Washington clericalism into 
the Postoffice Department by Mr. Cortelyou some five 
years ago. He developed administrative talents as an 
assistant postmaster-general in charge of the fourth- 
class postmasterships all over the country. The little 
that was needed to be done in the way of drilling the 
Southern postmasters for Roosevelt in 1904 was done 
by Hitchcock without friction : and when Cortelyou by 
Roosevelt's selection was made campaign chairman of 
the national committee he took Hitchcock with him. 
At the end of the campaign the young man was put 
back into the Postoffice Department under better condi- 
tions of responsibility and pay than before. 

The country is familiar with Mr. Hitchcock's more 
recent career. At a time when the Taft boom gave 
indications of practical weakness he was "detached" 
from the Postoffice Department and sent South to or- 
ganize the office-holders of that section in the good 
cause of working up Taft support. He did this work 
so well that when the time for the convention ap- 
proached he had under his personal hand enough 
Southern votes in the national committee, combined 
with Taft's Northern support, to make an overwhelm- 
ing majority. It was at this point that the "steam 
roller," with Mr. Hitchcock at the lever, began its work 
of determining all contests Taftwise. Whatever dele- 
gations were for Taft speedily got a clean bill of 
health; whatever delegations were for anybody else 
were promptly put out of business. It was a cold- 
blooded business, done under an authority worked up 
through officialism and by the arbitrary methods 
familiar in departmental procedure. 

Mr. Hitchcock is no doubt a very nice fellow accord- 
ing to his lights, and beyond a doubt he has that kind 
of ability illustrated in the arbitrary exercise of power 
and by contempt for the rights of others. But Mr. 
Hitchcock is not a representative Republican ; he is not 
a man of intellectual and moral initiative; he is rather 
an adroit and capable manipulator of official-politico 
powers. He ought not to be made, even for campaign 
purposes, the head of the national Republican party. 
Republicanism in so far as it has any real value is a 
moral force, and it ought to be represented in its official 
headship, not by a political manipulator, however cap- 
able, but by a man representative of the party 
ideas and of the national spirit. Mr. Hitchcock might 
well be employed by the committee to do the things be- 
longing to his expert capability ; but he ought not to be 
made the figurehead of the party. To do this would be 
mechanically to lower the standards of Republicanism. 
to reduce the spirit of party respect, and to weaken 
somewhat that moral force which is the real foundation 
of the party. 

We can no more afford to reduce the standards of 

party organization than to reduce the standards of the 
ticket itself. Mr. Taft, who is a man of large sensi- 
bilities, no doubt sees this clearly enough. His dif- 
ficulty, no doubt, is that of reconciling conflicting am- 
bitions and of conciliating mutual dislikes. A good 
way out of the difficulty, we think, would be to side- 
track both Vorys and Hitchcock, bestowing the chair- 
manship upon some man of high national repute whose 
activities have not been of a sort to suggest questions 
as to his character. If Vorys or Hitchcock are half 
the men they are declared to be by their champions, 
they will readily accept an arrangement which will 
relieve the campaign of any aspect of personal conten- 
tion or private ambition. 

An Incident and Its Moral. 

The best strawberry gardens in the United States lie 
in the valley of the Hood River amid the Eastern slopes 
of the Cascade Mountains in Oregon. The Hood River 
berry has, in addition to its rich appearance and to 
its exceptional flavor, another quality which adds to 
its commercial value. It is what is known as a 
"keeper" — that is, it will remain in good condition even 
under high and varying temperatures for a long period. 
Many carloads of Hood River berries are sent to the 
Atlantic markets each season, reaching there in prime 
condition and always fetching top prices. 

Recently the business has been put upon a large and 
what has been thought to be a secure basis. The ad- 
vantages of climate and soil have been supplemented 
by artificial aids, including an elaborate irrigation sys- 
tem. The strawberry farmers of the Hood River Val- 
ley have been preparing for a fine season ; every cir- 
cumstance has been favorable and with the use of 
irrigation there has seemed to be no point of hazard 
in the business. But there have been differences on 
the point of wages between the growers and the 
pickers, the former having declined to pay the rates of 
wages demanded by the latter. The outcome of this 
difference came last week at the beginning of the sea- 
son in the form of a dynamite explosion so destructive 
to the flumes carrying irrigation water as to destroy 
the prospect of a profitable season. It is just a case of 
deliberate, cold-blooded, and villainous incendiarism. 
The berry-pickers, not being able to get the rates of 
wages they demanded, determined there should be no 
berries to pick, hence the destruction of the irrigating 
system. Result: no advantage to the pickers; ruinous 
loss to the farmers. So much for the material aspects 
of the case; its moral phase needs no exploitation. 

This incident precisely illustrates the practical and 
moral value of the injunction process. It was known 
at Hood River that the berry-pickers were fighting mad 
and that there were desperate characters among their 
leaders. Threats had been made by men whose names 
were known, foretelling the precise crime that has 
since been perpetrated. The injunction process, if it 
could have been brought to bear upon this situation, 
would have given time for hot blood to cool down and 
would probably have prevented this crime, so disas- 
trous in its effects upon an important industry, and so 
completely destructive in its effects upon the character 
of the perpetrators and their sympathizers. 

And yet we are told by Gompers and others of his 
ilk that to restrain excited and hot-headed men from 
crimes of this sort is an act of tyranny and an outrage 
upon the initiative of labor. 

Aids to Beauty. 

Mrs. Hetty Green, queen of finance — to borrow a 
reporter's phrase — now in the neighborhood of seventy 
years of age, has been perking up. She has been 
getting her clothes from the best dressmakers and has 
been taking a course of "treatments" in one of the many 
"beauty" establishments in New York. All of which is 
thought by certain fresh young men who write for the 
metropolitan press to be a remarkably fine joke. 

Really we are unable to see why Mrs. Green or any 
other woman who has the price should not make her- 
self as attractive as possible. A profound thinker has 
said that a woman's first duty is to be charming, and if 
good clothes, facial massage, or -other adventitious aids 
may contribute to grace of personal style, they seem 
legitimate enough. If ever there was a time when 
personally neglectful and careless habits were regarded 
as meritorious that time is now, thank fortune, well 
passed. Facial massage for women is still something 
of a joke, but where is the difference, pray, between 
supplementing deterioration as to the face and as to the 
teeth? And surely nobody now regards it as an 
affectation to visit the dentist. 

And who has a better right to the aids which science 

July 4, 1908. 


may supply than those who are growing old? Youth 
may indeed decline to share with art the triumph of 
its eyes; hut that is no reason for calling art illegiti- 
mate or frivolous in those applications where it can he 
made an effective ally of beauty and charm. A well- 
gromed old woman or old man is almost as pleasant an 
object to look upon as lusty youth, and those who 
would deny to age the help of the manicure, the barber, 
the dressmaker, the tailor, the dentist, and the masseur, 
must belong to that puritanically severe class that would 
put women in caps at thirty and would make every 
man an old codger at forty-five. 

equal, by putting men of the country in the posts of 
authority and influence. 

President Duniway in his new duties in Montana 
will share with President Campbell of the State Uni- 
versity of Oregon an unique responsibility. It will be 
that of illustrating the efficiency in practical college 
life of the Pacific Coast of the man of home breeding 
and home sympathies. 

President Duniway — and Some Reflections. 

The election of Professor Clyde A. Duniway of Stan- 
ford to the presidency of the Montana State University 
is from several points of view an interesting circum- 
stance. The future President Duniway is a native of 
Oregon, a son of the pioneer stock of that State. 
His first graduation was from a printing office, and from 
there he went to the Oregon State University at Eugene 
City. He soon found that while the school at Eugene — 
this was twenty years ago — was in many ways an excel- 
lent one, it was, in the nature of things, local and sec- 
tional, limited in its facilities and narrow in its outlook. 
After a few weeks at Eugene, Mr. Duniway betook 
himself to Cornell, where after a four years' course 
he graduated with honors, having in the meantime 
maintained himself and paid all his college expenses 
by working as a printer and as a tutor. Mr. Duniway's 
college training was supplemented by an extended 
period of travel in Europe under some professional 
engagement and he ultimately settled down in a pro- 
fessor's chair at Stanford, where for a dozen years or 
more he has been engaged actively as a lecturer and 
teacher — and, let us add, always as a painstaking stu- 

These general facts are sufficiently interesting in 
themselves, but they are chiefly important to the pur- 
poses of this writing because they indicate the sources 
and influences which enter into the personal and pro- 
fessional character of the new Montana president. Mr. 
Duniway has indeed drawn largely upon the East and 
upon Europe for his culture, none the less he is essen- 
tially a Pacific Coast man — a product of the country, 
assimilated to it in mind and character, ambitious (if it 
be proper to use this word) in connection with it. If 
he speaks of "home" he does not mean some other 
country, but here. If somewhere he cherishes personal 
hopes or the pride of approval, again it is here that 
they are centred. He is son of our soil, bone of our 
bone, mind and heart belong to us. Therefore we 
believe that the regents of the Montana University have 
done a profoundly wise thing in putting at the head of 
their school not only a young, growing, and cultivated 
man but a man of the country. 

Everybody knows that something is wrong with our 
colleges. The fault probably is to be found — when it 
shall be found — not in one thing, but in a multitude of 
things. But one fatal point, we believe, lies in a cer- 
tain detachment of sentiment on the part of our ad- 
ministrators and teachers. No man whose heart is in 
one country will ever attain his highest useful- 
ness in another. No man whose thoughts of "home" 
are forever carrying him three thousand — or ten thou- 
sand — miles away is at his best. No man who serves 
in one country with the desire for reputation in another 
is quite all that he ought to be in so far as the interests 
under his hand are concerned. It so happens that most 
of our schools are, of necessity perhaps, administered 
and taught by men whose closest sympathies relate to 
places and things far away. Our higher teachers are 
not men of our own soil, imbued with our own spirit, 
centred in their minds upon home interests, but rather 
men who are with us as "foreigners," men whose minds 
are in better tune with conditions elsewhere than with 
our own. 

In the opinion of the Argonaut we shall not get the 
best results from our higher schools until we shall be 
able to man them, so to speak, with men of our own 
production. This is far from meaning that we must 
have local narrowness and prejudice in our schools. 
Breadth of view, scholarship, world-wide sympathy, 
and universal culture — these things are not inconsistent 
with a certain intensity of domestic affection, a certain 
respect and consideration for domestic ideals, a cer- 
tain sympathy with the spirit and the ambition of this 
country. We would not put the domestic spirit first; 
we would not discredit anything worth having because 
it comes from afar. But we would have our schools so 
organized as to be in harmony with the spirit of the 
country, and this can best be done, other things being 

A New Way with Divorce. 
What an ecstatic world this would be if we could 
but be governed by a permanent committee of women's 
clubs. How rapidly the problems of the day would 
melt before an embodied wisdom to which we are now 
so strangely insensible. The great social questions that 
have taxed a generation of lawgivers would be solved 
in an afternoon session, while the collective delibera- 
tions of a decade of congresses and parliaments would 
be easily supplanted by a few feminine minds in con • 
clave assembled and while waiting for the afternoon 

For example, take the question of divorce, usually 
supposed to be not without its difficulties and com- 
plexities. It is only the male mind with its deplorable 
limitations that allows itself to be thus bewildered. 
The average club woman will handle this problem with 
an easy finality that is simply staggering and will hand 
out its solution, signed, sealed, and delivered while you 
wait. The feat was actually done at the General Fed- 
eration of Women's Clubs that recently met at Boston. 
For that matter it has been done over and over again 
and if no two of the proposals are in agreement it is 
only another evidence of a mental fertility that ought 
to be recognized. Upon this particular occasion it was 
Miss Harriette Lake of Iowa to whom some few minutes 
were allotted for the purpose of laying this matter of 
divorce forever at rest. It was more than enough. 
We can well believe that Miss Harriette Lake of Iowa 
could settle any question from the tariff to the Di- 
rectoire gown with the twenty words that she devoted 
to this one. "Let every engaged couple," says Miss 
Lake, "register their engagement with the county clerk 
or some other authorized person twelve months before 
marriage." That the proposal was met with a "burst 
of laughter" is but further evidence of the frivolity of 
the human mind. The president of the Federation, a 
Mrs. Decker, was justified in instant protest against 
this levity. She believed that this scheme "would be 
one of the greatest things we could find to remedy the 
divorce evil," and then with that ripe and far-seeing 
statecraft for which her sex will one day be celebrated 
she added, "You don't have to marry him because you 
register." Of course that settled the matter and it was 
just as well that it did, because the Federation pro- 
ceeded at once to disrupt itself in an acrimonious dis- 
cussion on the appointment of officers. 

Now we are not disposed to pass this matter off with 
the loud laugh that betrays the vacant mind. A pro- 
posal put forward by an unmarried lady and supported 
by a married lady shows what we may call a rotundity 
of vision that deserves better things. Our first inclina- 
tion is toward an emphatic approval, and the more we 
look at it the more numerous are the evident advan- 
tages. The system ought to be adopted and it ought 
to be extended. The county clerk ought not only to 
keep a record of engagements but of their results. If 
the results are not as they should be we ought to know 
it and the reasons ought to be clearly stated. It ought 
to be in the power of every would-be Benedict to ascer- 
tain the previous experience, if any, of his intended 
and to estimate the depth of the inroads that have 
already been made upon her tender susceptibilities. 
These things should no longer be a matter of luck and 
speculation, but of official record. 

Think of the advantages in the case of breach of 
promise. The register would settle the matter in a 
moment and leave nothing to the court but the assess- 
ment of damages, and these would depend largely upon 
previous entries. Not only should there be a record 
of engagements, but also of the approaches to that de- 
lightful state. An argus-eyed law ought to take cogni- 
zance of much that it now neglects. It ought, for in- 
stance, to be illegal to kiss the summer girl without 
filing a due notice of intention with the county clerk, 
and as for the love letters that are now so disgracefully 
unsupervised they ought to be filed in duplicate with 
the same official. The divorce evil is the result of our 
haphazard way of doing things and we are grateful 
to the Federation of Women's Clubs for pointing out 
to us that we ought to "pass a law" against it. 

Of course there are always some captious ones who 
will cavil at anything, but they must be frowned down. 

It will be urged by malevolent spite that very few girls 
would be married at all if they were kept under ob- 
servation for a year. No girl could remain on her 
best behavior for so long. A sine qua non to wedlock 
is its unpremeditation and the daring that is always 
essential to a leap in the dark. The marriage that is 
not performed in haste is rarely performed at leisure 
and a certain daredevil recklessness is the chief sup- 
port of the marriage rate. Then again it will be said 
that life is too short for such deliberate proceedings. 
Allowing ten years for a total engagement period, there 
would be opportunity for only ten "affairs" without 
making any provision for a possible lack of continuity 
or for periods of decent mourning. All these things 
will be said by malcontents and it will be just as well 
for the Federation of Women's Clubs to prepare to 
answer them — that is to say, if the Federation ever 
meets again after the unfortunate animosities that dis- 
turbed its momentary harmony. 

Editorial Notes. 

In the midst of this furious warfare over the water 
question the Argonaut again rises to remark that the 
true policy for San Francisco stands plain and clear to 
the eye of common sense. Private investors own a 
system which may give us for many years to come a 
fair water supply both as to quality and quantity. In 
the remote future we shall need a larger and better 
supply and we ought to prepare for it by arranging 
for the reservation of one of several possible sources 
in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. In the meantime, 
especially in consideration of our financial circum- 
stances due to the disaster of 1906, we ought to be 
content to use the facilities already at hand, paying for 
such use a fair return to those private investors who 
own the system. To this end we should have a judicial 
determination of the value of the facilities employed 
in supplying the city, and upon the basis of this valua- 
tion should prescribe such rates for water consumers 
as support of the system requires, including a reason- 
able percentage of profit upon the investment. This 
being the common sense of the situation does not 
appear to be much in favor of either side. Neverthe- 
less, it is what we shall come to in the end because 
there is no other solution of the problem. 

The only incident of the week to remind the public 
that it is still afflicted with the Spreckels-Heney-Phelan 
incubus occurred in Judge Cabaniss's court, being no 
less than a personal clash between the great prosecutor 
and his erstwhile friend Ruef. Mr. Heney, who, 
though he much vaunts his personal courage, is really 
very easily frightened. He labors under the notion 
that he is being shadowed and pursued day and night. 
In connection with some pro forma procedure before 
Judge Cabaniss on Wednesday of last week, he turned 
to Ruef, remarking: "You have hired assassins to kill 
me; if any trouble occurs you uiU be first to get yours." 
To this Ruef made reply briefly but very much to the 
point: "You are a damned liar." It was not a nice 
incident; it didn't accord with the proprieties of 
court procedure. And yet somehow it has rather 
pleased the public, which, wearied to death with the 
vulgarities of the whole business, is delighted with 
an exhibition of spirit, even though it be bad spirit. 
Furthermore, there are those well pleased to see Mr. 
Heney get the sort of rebuke his court methods deserve. 

It is reported from Paris that Mrs. C. P. Hunting- 
ton has bought a mansion in the Rue de l'Elysee which 
was for a long time owned and occupied by the Em- 
press Eugenie, and that she will hereafter spend a good 
part of each year in it. This is the second curious 
connection architecturally, if we may so speak, between 
the Huntington family and Louis Napoleon. The 
Huntington house in this city which was destroyed in 
the disaster of 1906 was a copy of a house somewhere 
out of Paris built by Louis Napoleon, not indeed for 
Eugenie, but for a woman who was less entitled to 
his favor. The coincidence is perhaps not very re- 
markable or important, none the less it seems worth 

Miss Mary Greenleaf of Boston, alleged to be a 
niece of Henry Wardsworth Longfellow, has broken a 
matrimonial engagement with a young clergyman over 
Sausalito way for the purpose of "devoting heart and 
mind to art." Of course the explanation is that at 
bottom this young woman doesn't care anything about 
the young man in the case. If she really and truly 
loved him, or even thought she did, art could go hang. 
Incidentally let us remark that any young w 
expects to find in "devotion to art" or in any 



July 4, 1908. 

artificial things of life a substitute for the joys of wife- 
hood and motherhood is grievously fooling herself. Now 
and again we meet a nice girl who fondly imagines 
that she is going to find in society, in musical studies, 
in art, or in something else, that which will give to her 
mind and character a better and truer poise than the 
normal experiences and interests of life. But when 
all is said and done, when art and all the other things 
have yielded their fullest results, there remains in- 
evitably a narrow, selfish, and disappointed woman. 
Nobody has ever yet found a better way either for man 
or woman to develop mind and character, with the 
things that make life worth living, than to follow the 
beaten path trodden by our unnumbered grandfathers 
and grandmothers. The natural experiences and re- 
sponsibilities of life — that's the true line of develop- 
ment and of happiness. The girl who seeks develop- 
ment and happiness through "devotion to art" is simply 
a verv modern sort of blamed fool. 

Governor Hughes of New York appears not to be 
one of those men who gain favor in defeat. His course 
in the pre-convention presidential campaign instead of 
building up his support in New York has tended 
rather to destroy it. Referring to his unwillingness 
after his own fight was manifestly lost to get out of the 
game in the interest of Mr. Parsons's candidacy for 
the vice-presidential nomination, the Evening Post re- 
marks that in addition to being "cold, headstrong, self- 
centred, and ambitious, Governor Hughes is ungrate- 

The reforming spirit, now active in so many ways, 
can not possibly find a better subject for its activities 
than the slot machine. "Playing the machine" is not 
only gambling, but it is gambling in a most mischievous 
form. The smallness of the stake, the availability of 
the game, the pretense of equity involved in it, the very 
publicity of it — these circumstances all tend to obscure 
the moral considerations involved, to soothe the 
promptings of conscience, to throw moral restraint off 
its guard. And yet there is no form of gambling more 
demoralizing nor one whose invitation is more general. 
Incidentally the "machine" vice tends prodigiously to 
another serious vice not so fully comprehended now as 
it will be in time, that of tobacco using. Nothing 
could be less consistent than our pretentious laws 
against gambling as a thing immoral and ruinous, while 
at the same time we allow the slot machine to stand 
on the counter of every cigar store, a conspicuous invi- 
tation to every passer-by and a certain demoralizer of 
every man — or boy — who yields to its enticement. 

The latest report about the London Times is that it 
has been acquired by Lord Northcliffe, otherwise Mr. 
Alfred Harmsworth, a widely known editor and pub- 
lisher of the "yellow" variety. This fact ought to in- 
terest certain newspapers at the East who have been 
having a good deal to say upon the text of recent jour- 
nalistic discussions in these columns. The New York 
Evening Post, the Fourth Estate, and others may be 
able to see in this latest development with respect to 
the Times that the Argonaut's opinions have not been 
without justification. The trouble with the Times is 
that it must compete with a group of sensational rivals, 
which cost less to make and which appeal to a wider 
range of readers. Advertisers seek not so much the 
"better classes" as those who have the habit of buying 
advertised merchandise. The policy which gives the 
sensational paper multitudes of readers among cheaper 
grades of people likewise gives them value as adver- 
tising media for those seeking to exploit second-grade 
clothing, bargain-counter merchandise, and patent 
medicines. As a matter of business and of business 
alone, responsible and careful journalism can not 
compete with slap-dash sensationalism. The famous 
Gresham Law — that a bad coinage inevitably drives out 
a better — applies in the world of letters as in that of 
finance. Conservative newspapers will no doubt be 
maintained here and there by men old-fashioned 
enough or whimsical enough to prefer to maintain high 
character in conjunction with relative poverty than to 
grow wealthy and powerful by reprehensible methods. 
But where competition is left to do its work unre- 
strained, bad newspapers will drive out the good ones. 

Secretary Cortelyou will probably "set on the lid" 
this summer during the absence of the President. Mr. 
Taft, who held it down before, expects to be awfully 
bus-, and Secretary Root says he won't do it — so, at 
leatt, says the New York World. 

'here are 132 department stores in New York, em- 
ing over 10,000 people. 


The New York World is justified in congratulating the 
Republican party upon its discipline, although the comparison 
with the old Scotch lady who admired the devil for his perse- 
verance was uncalled for. Hardly were the results of the 
nomination known than a perfect chorus of congratulation 
filled the air. The allies hastened with one accord to salute 
the man of the day and to assure him of their support. 
Senator Foraker, who has not always and upon all occasions 
seen eye to eye with Mr. Taft, telegraphs "heartiest congratu- 
lations and best wishes for success in November." Mr. Taft 
replies "from the bottom of my heart" and reminds the 
senator "that I owe to you my first substantial start in public 
life and that it came without solicitation." Senator La Fol- 
lette's congratulations are offered "most sincerely," but with 
the added hope "that you are more in accord with the great 
body of Republican voters than the platform." Governor 
Hughes, always thorough, says "under your administration the 
welfare of the country will be assured." Finally comes 
Speaker Cannon, perhaps the best abused man of them all, 
who telegraphs : 

I heartily congratulate you. You will be elected by the 
people in November. Illinois will cast her electoral vote for 
you. Whatever I can do for your success and that of the 

party will be done. 

It may be hoped that there is no foundation for the 
Washington rumor that Speaker Cannon is to be supplanted 
because of his hostile attitude to the injunction plank. Mr. 
Cannon is not an ideal Speaker, but then so few of us are 
ideal except in our own estimation. It might be possible to 
find a better Speaker, but to supplant Mr. Cannon because of 
an incident that is so strikingly to his credit as his injunction 
protest would be to the discredit of the administration. In- 
deed, a good many of his errors have been forgotten in admira- 
tion of his sturdy championship of an old-fashioned American 
axiom that all men have equal privileges before the law. 

The administration gave way on the injunction plank only 
when it became evident that the plank itself would break 
under their feet. If such a strong Roosevelt State as Michi- 
gan would have neither part nor lot in a covert attack upon 
the courts, what prospect could there be of avoiding a fight 
on the floor of the convention? Even the threat that Taft 
would withdraw and that some man who "did not need a 
platform" would be substituted had no effect upon such stal- 
warts as Crane, Clark, Dalzell, and Payne, who would not 
budge an inch, and who did not intend to see the present 
injunction procedure abrogated in favor of flagrant caste and 
privilege legislation. As a result the plank was so modified 
as to allow things to stay practically where they are now, and 
that this arrangement is bitterly denounced hy Gompers and 
the labor men is proof strong as holy writ of its political 
sanity. When it became evident that the original proposal 
meant disaster the revision was agreed to in Washington, and 
it is said that Mr. Taft wrote it with his own hands. There 
is no doubt that this happy issue was largely due to Mr. Can- 
non, who expresses his approval of the change in the follow- 
ing words: 

I think the committee on resolutions has made a very 
commendable expression as to the situation of the Republican 
party on the two points over which there was so much con- 
troversy. The court procedure plank expresses in unequivocal 
language the traditional confidence of the Republican party in 
the integrity of the courts and insists that their powers to 
enforce their processes and protect life and property must be 
preserved inviolate. The resolution further commends the 
courts by recommending that what has been and is their prac- 
tice in issuing injunctions shall be expressly declared in the 
statutes. I approve the plank as adopted. 

Of course Mr. Gompers is angry. Indeed, Mr. Gompers is 
very angry, but this can be endured with equanimity by those 
who realize that the only thing really worth dreading is Mr. 
Gompers's approval. Asked as to his opinions, Mr. Gompers 

We have been thrown down, repudiated and relegated to 
the discard by the Republican party. What President Roose- 
velt and the Federation attempted was to have the injunction 
abolished. Instead of that the Republican party calls for 
legislation that will legalize what we have been trying to 

That action is contained in these words of the plank: "We 
believe, however, that the rule of procedure in the Federal 
courts with respect to the issuance of the writ of injunction 
should be more accurately defined by the statute." 

That means that what the President wanted and what Mr. 
Taft desired and what we have been fighting for has been 
not only defeated, but the suggestion has been made to make 
the conditions which now prevail more binding. The situation 
will be taken up tomorrow by the Federation and an official 
statement will be given out. 

John Mitchell was not so explicit. He had no views for 
publication, but he hinted darkly at what the Federation might 
do in a situation that was "somewhat cerulean." Unless the 
Federation wishes to prove what is already more than sus- 
pected — that it can do nothing at all — its wisest policy will be 
one of masterly inactivity. So far as Mr. Taft himself is con- 
cerned the one uncontradicted fact is that he himself wrote 
the revised plank that was adopted and that meets with the 
approval of the convention. The original proposition came 
from the President, who supported it from a full arsenal of 
cajoleries and threats and who abandoned it only when he 
found that it could not be carried. That the weight of his 
wrath should now fall upon Speaker Cannon is sufficient evi- 
dence of the value of the Speaker's protest. 

We shall no doubt hear a good deal of the powers of the 
injunction during the coming campaign. Mr. Gompers will 
foam at the mouth and talk pretentious nonsense about the 
labor vote as though it comprised nine-tenths of the popula- 
tion. The net result will be that Republican workmen will 
vote for the Republican candidate and Democratic workmen 
will vote for the Democratic candidate, while Mr. Gompers, 
like his biblical prototype, will curse by the roadside. 

Among the great judges who do not propose to hide their 
light under a bushel is Justice David J. Brewer of the United 
States Supreme Court, a man who commands {Jje respectful 

confidence of the whole nation — always excepting Mr. Gom- 
pers. Justice Brewer practically reminds us that "the law is 
a terror to the evil doer" and that attacks upon the law 
usually come from that class. The powers of the law, says 
Justice Brewer, should be enlarged and not diminished, 
strengthened and not weakened : 

Again, the effort is disclosed in the clamor for a restriction 
of the power of injunction. It has become a political ques- 
tion and a topic for heated denunciation. There never was a 
time in the history of the nation when the full restraining 
power of the equity court was of so much importance to the 
nation. As the population becomes more and more dense and 
activities increase, the restraining power of the equity court 
is worth vastly more than the punishing power of the criminal 
court. It is in line with the highest thought of the day. 

To restrict the restraining power of the court is a step 
backward toward barbarism instead of a step forward to 
higher civilization. Courts make mistakes in the granting of 
injunctions. So do they in other judicial action. I know 
that labor organizations are especially energetic and claim 
that the power of injunction is used mainly against them. 
Of course, this is not true. Injunctions "are granted against 
all sorts of persons aijd organizations every" day in the year, 
and they will come to see that there is no thought of restrain- 
ing them in the exercise of their rights. 

Look at the acts of violence and strife which have been 
checked or prevented by this restraining power. It does not 
follow that the power ought to be used against capital and 
corporations and not against labor. Of course one class can 
not be exempted. 

The restraining power of the courts of equity should be en- . 
larged and not diminished, and the judiciary improved until 
all people will be assured that the power is only used when 
necessity requires and the restraints imposed only when 
justice demands. I am opposed to any curtailment in the 
powers of the Federal judiciary with regard to injunctions. 

Other judges follow the same lead. Indeed, it seems to 
be the general legal opinion that the very attempt — abortive 
as it has been — to place a narrow and arrogant class above 
the operations of the ordinary' law is a sinister sign of the 

The Boston Transcript, taking time by the forelock in order 
to expedite that laggard's footsteps, has been hard at work 
making a Cabinet for Mr. Taft. The motto of the Transcript 
is never to put off till tomorrow what can be done today, 
and as a Cabinet is an essential part of government why not 
set about its composition at once? 

Mr. Taft would, of course, like to retain Mr. Root as 
Secretary of State, but it is understood that Mr. Root would 
rather not be retained. Other Cabinet members willing to be 
relieved, according to the Transcript, are Secretary of the 
Treasury Cortelyou, Attorney-General Bonaparte, Secretary 
of the Navy Metcalf, Secretary Straus of the Department of 
Commerce and Labor, and Secretary Luke E. Wright. 
Whether James R. Garfield will be retained at the head of 
the Department of Interior is open to doubt. Postmaster- 
General Meyer will probably remain in the Cabinet as Sec- 
retary of the Treasury: 

The following is a slate for the Taft Cabinet that many of 
the wiser of the seers and prophets believe will go through: 
Secretary of State, Representative Theodore E. Burton of 
Ohio ; Secretary of the Treasury, George von L. Meyer of 
Massachusetts ; Attorney-General. Frank B. Kellogg of Min- 
nesota ; Secretary of War, Charles E. Magoon of Nebraska, 
or General Clarence R. Edwards, now chief of the Bureau of 
Insular Affairs; Postmaster-General, Frank H. Hitchcock, who 
has been manager of the Washington headquarters in the 
Taft campaign ; Secretary of the Navy, Truman H. Newberry 
of Michigan, now Assistant Secretary of the Navy, or Robert 
Bacon of New York, now Assistant Secretary of State ; Secre- 
tary of the Interior, Attorney-General Wade H, Ellis of Ohio, 
or Secretary Garfield; Secretary of Agriculture, James Wil- 
son of Iowa, or Gifford Pinchot, now chief of the Bureau of 
Forestry; Secretary of Commerce and Labor. William Loeb 
of New York, now private secretary to President Roosevelt. 

This is of course entirely conjectural, but there is no reason 
why the Washington correspondent of the Boston Transcript 
should not know just as much about the next Cabinet as any 
other correspondent. 

There is some reason to believe that William H. Berry of 
Philadelphia will be the Democratic nominee for Vice-Presi- 
dent. Mr. Bryan wants an Easterner to balance the ticket 
and Berry is the very man mentally, politically, and geo- 
graphically. A Philadelphia Democrat, quoted by the Ledger, 
says that when Bryan goes East, Berry will go West, so that 
there will be "the largest hearing and the widest publicity." 
Mr. Berry himself, when questioned, was inclined to adopt an 
attitude of bashful silence, but "if the lightning should strike 
this way, it could not be other than gratifying." Then Mr. 
Berry overcame his bashfulness and spoke enthusiastically: 

We shall have a whirlwind speaking campaign in the de- 
batable States of the East. That is Mr. Bryan's plan, and it 
will be my plan also if I am put on the ticket. This is to be 
an appeal to the yeomanry of the country, to the bone and 
sinew, the brains in the workshops of the land, and I have no 
doubt of the result. It will be a campaign of reason on the 
fundamentals of government, from which there has been a 
very marked tendency to drift in these days. 

There is a fine diplomatic flavor about that "I have no doubt 
of the result." 

In the meantime Mr. Dooley, writing in the American 
Magazine, foresees a festive time at Denver. As this truly 
great philosopher remarks, "It takes all kinds iv men to make 
up th' Dimmycratic party an* thin there are hardly enough." 

They come to th' convintion fr'm iviry corner iv th' earth, 
fr'm th' pine-clad hills iv Maine, where th' close season f'r a 
Dimmycrat is on'y two months, tg. th' banks iv th' Rio Grande, 
where a Republican has to go over to Mexico to vote. They'll 
all be there. 

They'll be iviry diff'rent kind iv a Dimmycrat iver I seen. 
There'll be Dimmycrats who believe th' protictive tariff shud 
be destroyed, an' those that believe it shud be tickled. Th' 
Dimmycratic party has niver altered in its opposition to a pro- 
tictive tariff. It recognizes in this system th' soorces iv pree- 
dytory wealth, an' manny iv th' ills that our body polytick is 
subjick to, includin' th' happiness iv th' few. It recognizes 
thim an' is glad to recognize thim. How d'ye do ? How are 

But Mr. Dooley does not understand why Governor Johnson 
should wish to be a candidate. "A man that is a succissful 
iditor, a succissful Swede, an' a succissful Dimmycrat in 
Minnesoty, can get a good deal more money with a circus." 

July 4, 1908. 



A Few Recollections of the Personal Side of a Great 
American Statesman. 

"A good, stout, rough man-of-all-work is Cleveland," 
once said George A. Townsend in discussing the Presi- 
dent's capabilities, "who not only put the establishment 
of the government in good running order, but is a first- 
class watch-dog at the gate." And it is .the man-of-all- 
work that was usually to the fore in whatever role Mr. 
Cleveland was called upon to assume, because he never 
got over his poor man's love for earning his day's 
wages. One of his favorite jokes on himself turns on 
his man-of-all-work proclivities and always gave him 
keen delight in telling. After his retirement to pri- 
vate life the Cleveland family for the summer months 
took a home in the midst of a quiet, exclusive com- 
munity, more notable for its culture than its sporting 
blood. Before long Mrs. Cleveland heard rumors to 
the effect that the countryside was shocked by the ex- 
President's easy-going habits of life. A loyal friend 
came to them and said : "Mr. Cleveland, there is noth- 
ing in this but a little narrow-minded gossip. Your 
friends hereabout consider the source from which the 
gossip comes and think nothing of it. It is only the 
Smith family who are saying that you are ready to 
hobnob with any old loafer in the country who has a 
good dog and a gun." Here Mr. Cleveland always 
stopped to watch the effect of his story upon his audi- 
ence before he added: "And while I appreciated the 
valiant stand Mr. was making for my reputa- 
tion, I had to hang my head and admit that the charge 
was true." His one qualification for good-fellowship 
in the field of sport being, as he confessed later, that 
the sportsman be generous with his bait, considerate 
of the other man's quarry, never draw his flask in 
secrecy nor light a cigar with no suggestion of another. 
These qualities in a man, plus a good dog and gun, 
made him eligible to "the brotherhood." The one thing 
he could not tolerate was the unsportsmanlike hunter, 
of whom he says in his little volume, "Fishing and 
Shooting Sketches": "There ought to be a law which 
would consign one guilty of this crime (unsportsmanlike 
killing) to prison for a comfortable term of years. A 
story is told of a man so stupidly unsportsmanlike that 
when he was interfered with as he raised his gun 
apparently to shoot a quail running on the ground, he 
exclaimed with irritation : 'I did not intend to shoot 
until it had stopped running.' This may be called inno- 
cent stupidity, but there is no place for such a man 
among sportsmen, and he is certainly out of place 
among quail." 

It was on the occasion of one of his hunting trips 
when a younger hunter was shamefacedly trailing his 
empty game-bag Mr. Cleveland gave him this elegiac 
advice: "Don't shoot too quickly when the birds fly. 
That is your trouble. Do you chew tobacco? Well, 
then, when your bird rises stop long enough to spit 
over your shoulder before you shoot." 

This sage advice Mr. Cleveland seems to have taken 
himself, in matters of state as well as in the sporting 
sense. Although of resolute character and prompt 
action, he usually took time to "spit over his shoulder" 
before he fired. A New York editor not long ago told 
of an instance of the President's deliberation before 
firing, coupled with that keen sense of humor that has 
saved him many an awkard situation and that hap- 
pened early in the editor's journalistic career. During 
the campaign of 1884 this youthful correspondent wrote 
an article charging Cleveland with having framed the 
"Horizontal Bill." Mr. Cleveland wrote a letter to the 
New York Sun, in which the article had appeared, de- 
nying the charge in strong terms. Fearing he had 
gotten himself into trouble with both the editor of the 
Sun and a man for whom he entertained a respect akin 
to reverence despite his suspicion of his having framed 
the objectionable bill, the young man hastened to 
Albany in order to explain his position and to apolo- 
gize to Mr. Cleveland. Expecting at least a blast of 
indignation from this man he had charged on so insuf- 
ficient evidence, he found, as he put it, "a large, cheer- 
ful man in a large, cheerful frame of mind, smoking a 
particularly large cigar." Upon introducing himself 
and explaining the reason for his visit the large cheer- 
ful man shook hands with him, motioned him to a 
chair, and offered him a counterpart of the cigar he 
was smoking. 

"But isn't it a pretty strong smoke?" the young man 

"Oh, yes, but you can stand it," Mr. Cleveland in- 
sisted with a twinkle in his eye. "Your surroundings 
are propitious, so you will like it. Almost everything 
depends upon your surroundings, young man, have you 
noticed that? I used to smoke a certain cigar when I 
was a young man in Buffalo that seemed to me to be 
excellent, so I had some sent up to my rooms. But 
when I smoked them there at my work they seemed 
pretty poor stuff. I had been used to smoking them in 
one of the big beer gardens, you see, and when I got 
them home I missed the crowd, the sand on the floor, 
and the general atmosphere. See, young man? Be 
careful to be in the right surroundings when you 
smoke. Be careful, too, to be in the right company 
when you ask questions. When you want to know 
what I think about certain measures, ask me." 

In this interview the young journalist learned the 
same lesson the young sportsman had learned, although 
in different terms. It seemed to be an especial form of 
delight to the "large, cheerful man" to wait until the 
moment was ready before he fired. Then, because he 

had waited until the right moment, he usually went 
straight and true to his mark. 

Being a man of such colossal capacity for hard work, 
going to the bottom of things at any expense of per- 
sonal effort, Cleveland had no sympathy with the 
shirker and openly professed not to understand the pro- 
fessional hanger-on and office-seeker when such posi- 
tion was a sinecure. 

When he saw the office-seeker's sign gathering on 
the horizon Mr. Cleveland could be distinctly disagree- 
able. On one occasion when a certain senator ap- 
proached him upon this subject and complained about 
his policy concerning appointments, Cleveland turned 
upon him with, "Well, what do you want me to do?" 
"Why, Mr. President," the senator answered; "I should 
like to see you more expeditious in advancing the prin- 
ciples of Democracy." "Aha !" said Cleveland. "You 
mean that I should appoint two horse-thieves a day 
instead of one." 

But for the very reason that he made his appoint- 
ments with such deliberation he was usually sure of the 
men he appointed, at least in the cases of importance 
that made it possible for him to know the appointee. 
Many Californians remember the appointment of Mr. 
Zach Montgomery as Assistant Attorney-General of 
the Interior under Attorney-General Garland. To a 
certain member of the Cabinet Mr. Montgomery's 
appointment was not agreeable because of his ardent 
Roman Catholic principles; the main issue of his life- 
work being the encouragement of parochial schools 
among Catholic families. 

"You have no intention of confirming this appoint- 
ment have you, Mr. President?" the anti-Catholic sena- 
tor asked. Receiving no answer the senator went on at 
greater length to descant upon Mr. Montgomery's zeal 
in his cause, illustrating his point by citing instances of 
Mr, Montgomery's energy and determination in carry- 
ing his point when once his mind was settled, even 
showing copies of The Family Defender, the organ of 
Mr. Montgomery's crusade. Seeing the President 
showed an interest in what he was saying the senator 
felt confident of winning the day, but at the end of his 
argument Mr. Cleveland said in the cheerful tones of 
a man who has heard good news. "All you have said 
added to what I know personally of Mr. Montgomery's 
character convinces me that we need just such indomi- 
table stuff in the department." Consequently Mr. 
Montgomery's appointment was promptly confirmed by 
the President and there grew up between these two 
iron-clad natures a close and enduring friendship. 

The man is not living who has ever succeeded in 
dissuading Grover Cleveland from a point once his 
mind was made up after due consideration. Resolute, 
self-contained, honest, he stood alone and unshaken if 
the forces were against him, but the very strength of 
his position often brought the forces over to his side. 
It was a long struggle sometimes, but he possessed the 
poise of character that enabled him to wait, unless, of 
course, the means lay within his power to hasten results. 
An instance of this waiting until his iron was hot 
before striking was shown at the time an effort was 
being made in the Senate to talk the Sherman Act to 
death. After it had been before the House a matter 
of two months one of the supporters of the act came to 
Cleveland feeling their cause was lost. "I see no way 
of breaking this deadlock, Mr. President," he said. 

"Now, there is Senator , for instance, who 

swears this bill shall not pass until hell freezes over." 
And the senator was supposed to be the bulwark of the 
opposition. "Then," said Mr. Cleveland, who had made 
a move in the matter himself, "you may say to that 
gentleman with my compliments that hell is going to 
freeze over in exactly twenty-four hours." 

In an address made by Mr. Cleveland last year before 
the Union League Club of Chicago occurs a sentence 
we may turn upon himself in the same spirit in which 
he addressed it to others: "Though it is not given to 
us to see in the magnifying mirage of antiquity the 
exaggerated forms of American heroes, yet in the 
bright and normal light shed upon our beginning and 
growth are seen grand and heroic figures who have 
won imperishable honor." For while few men have 
lived longer under the microscope of public interest 
than Grover Cleveland, it must be conceded that he has 
earned fairly and squarely the encomium, "He was a 
great fisherman, a great statesman, a great citizen, and 
a good neighbor." M. S. 


The recent curious boycott of the press in the Berlin 
Parliament has a precedent in the Mother of Parlia- 
ments, the British House of Commons. A writer in 
Harper's Weekly recalls that the person involved was 
no less a celebrity than the late Daniel O'Connell. He 
condemned the inaccuracy of the parliamentary reports, 
but he forgot to make allowance for acoustic dif- 
ficulties and the buzz of intervening conversation. He 
charged the reporters with the malicious suppression 
of his speeches, and the gallery then refused to report 
them at all. "Dan" stormed and thundered in vain, 
even moving that the ringleaders be brought to the bar 
of the house. Finally he apologized, and all was well. 
Lord Lyttleton in 1871 fell foul of the press in the same 
way, and the late Lord Monteagle had his name omitted 
from London newspaper reports for two years because 
he said something the reporters did not like. 

A persistent rumor that President and Mrs. Roose- 
velt will visit England next year is current in Ameri- 
can circles abroad. It is said that he will stay six 
months in London with his family and will study the 
organization of the navy and the management of the 

The Buffalo Commercial announces that the Repub- 
lican presidential ticket will be "Taft and Trusts." 
The Boston Transcript retaliates by suggesting that the 
Democratic ticket will be "Bryan and Busts." 

Wu Ting-Fang, the Chinese minister, in his address 
at the University of Illinois commencement exercises, 
said: "My country's whole history in all the modern 
years has been a story of foreign aggression. But now, 
thanks to our indissoluble friendship with America, we 
are given an opportunity to regain our place before the 

It is said in Washington that Speaker Cannon has so 
irritated the White House by opposition to measures 
advocated by the President that he has been marked for 
relegation to the ranks in the next Congress. The 
Speaker is said to have gone beyond toleration in his 
fight at Chicago, by which he threatened the supremacy 
of the President in the party. 

Vice-President Fairbanks will be conveyed to Que- 
bec in the battleship New Hampshire, there to represent 
the President of the United States in the coming ter- 
centenary. It is suggested in some quarters that the 
gentlemen who have been so assiduously declining to 
be candidates for the second office within the gift of 
the people of the United States shall make a note of 
this fact. 

Ray Stannard Baker in the American Magazine 
shows how in South Carolina a little over 2600 votes 
elect a congressman, whereas it requires 14,000 votes 
to elect a congressman in Pennsylvania, and 16,000 in 
New York. Under the present system of political con- 
trol in the South, therefore, one voter in South Caro- 
lina is as influential in national legislation as nearly 
seven voters in Pennsylvania and eight in New York. 

Mr. Jerome's defense to the charge that the gambling 
law was violated when he shook dice for dollars and 
drinks with Thomas F. Ryan's son is on the novel 
ground that "citizens of high character, great intelli- 
gence, and distinguished position" do such things; that 
they also play cards for stakes, and that "such people 
are of such high character that they can not be pre- 
sumed to be knowingly committing a felony." To this 
the New York World rejoins that the great reason why 
Mr. Jerome should be removed is that he regards cer- 
tain "citizens of high character, great intelligence, and 
distinguished position" as immune to the Penal Code. 

Speaker Cannon has won the enthusiastic admiration 
of Philippe Millet, who recently interviewed him on 
behalf of the Paris Figaro. "What strike one most 
forcibly," says Mr. Millet, "is the look in the Speaker's 
sparkling, alert, blue eyes, which seem to be those of a 
man twenty-five years old, not seventy-two." Millet 
quotes Speaker Cannon as saying of the labor men of 
the Federation of Labor: "These people lie impudently. 
They say I am opposed to workingmen's organization ; 
that is abominably false. I am one who thinks the 
law is above everything. I judge men and things 
according to my conscience. I receive orders from no 
one, and against no one, but I do not admit that any 
citizen, rich or poor, can put himself above the law." 

Leslie's Weekly epitomizes the career of Hoke Smith 
of Georgia in the following words: "Hoke Smith of 
Georgia, during his term as governor, has antagonized 
all those Georgians who disapprove of the disenfran- 
chisement of the negro. At the same time he has lost 
the regard of those who disapprove of violently strict 
railroad regulation and the abolishment of all free 
passes. At the same time he has earned the dislike of 
all classes who are not the strictest sort of prohibition- 
ists; and at the same time he has made an enemy of 
Tom Watson, who delivered the Populist vote to him 
two years ago. Hoke Smith wants office again. If we 
were Hoke Smith we would decide to want something 

The report that the commodious dwelling-house in 
Cincinnati occupied by Mr. Taft and his brother 
when both are at home has no porch, and that there- 
fore the Canton style of campaigning can not be re- 
peated, is misleading and based on an architectural 
obliquity of vision. The Taft mansion has a pillared 
space in front of the company door or entrance, with 
ten steps leading to it from a walk connecting the 
street gate with the house. The grounds are ample to 
accommodate visiting delegations. Mr. Taft, standing 
on the top step and under the pillared roof of the vesti- 
bule, could address several hundred people coherently 
if the street noises did not drown his voice; the steps 
would lend themselves admirably to group photography. 

A story is current in Pittsburg to the effect that 
there was a pronounced clash between President 
Roosevelt and Representative John Dalzell of the 
Pittsburg district. The story is that Dalzell, a mem- 
ber of the committee on resolutions at Chicago, who 
comes from the Pittsburg manufacturing district, was 
called to the White House and asked not to be too 
aggressive at Chicago against the anti-injunction plank. 
Mr. Dalzell is said by friends to have answered that, 
while he would like to oblige the President, his first 
duty was to his constituents, and that he would oppose 
at Chicago any anti-injunction plank for the platform. 
According to friends of Dalzell the interview then be- 
came painful and personal, Mr. Roosevelt calling atten- 
tion to the fact that Dalzell had had a hard time getting 
named as national delegate and expressing doubt ns to 
his reelection. 


Jtjlt 4, 1908. 


By Jerome A. Hart. 


Since Alden's arrival at the Hacienda, Diana found 
that their conversation at times grew embarrassing. 
The Vigilantes' visit naturally arose often as a topic. 
From this the conversation continually drifted toward 
the Vigilante question generally. It was not that Diana 
feared a renewal of her heated discussions with Arthur. 
But her knowledge of the bandit's movements, that he 
had been hidden in the Hacienda, that she was a party 
to it, that he might even now be lurking in its precincts, 
that her host was utterly ignorant of the whole affair, 
and that the fugitive was probably the man who shot 
Arthur — this secret preyed upon her, and destroyed her 
peace of mind. Likewise it prevented her from dis- 
cussing freely the topic which the rest of the household 
seemed to favor — for Diana was frank and truthful — 
deceit was intolerable to her — and already she was 
writhing under the burden of keeping the fugitive's 

She was seated in the patio, gazing absently at a book 
from which her mind was far away. Near her, beside 
the fountain, was Mrs. Lyndon, diligently counting 
stitches in some fancy work. Diana's troubled face she 
did not notice. And under cover of her reading, Diana 
Continued to brood. 

She wished — oh, how she wished — that she could talk 
as freely to Arthur on this topic as when they had first 
met. It was with a twinge that she reflected how dif- 
ferent was her position now. Since she and Alden had 
first talked together on this subject, he had been shot 
by outlaws, and his life in danger ; the outlaws had been 
pursued both by the law and by the Vigilantes. He 
knew that the Vigilantes, whose cause she so earnestly 
espoused, had in their hot pursuit come within the very 
gates of the Hacienda. There was a time when she 
could have triumphantly told him this to prove that he 
was wrong in his dislike of the Vigilantes — that they 
were swifter to pursue his assassins than the leaden- 
footed law. But not now — no, she could not tell him 
that now. How could she affect to triumph over him 
for the Vigilantes' alertness when she herself had 
thwarted them? To conceal her part in their defeat 
would be a poor, pitiful falsity — almost a lie. 

Could she tell Arthur the truth? No — it did' not 
seem so. How could she tell him she had hidden the 
escaping outlaw from the Vigilantes? What reason 
could she give for thus defeating the Vigilante 
vengeance? Perhaps the very man whom she had 
shielded was the one who had shot Arthur. Perhaps 
the fugitive was the murderer of the express messenger. 
She did not know all this, it was true — the only reason 
she had even to think it might be true w r as the placard 
offering a reward for a man who had lost a finger. The 
fugitive whom she had hidden had lost a finger 
from his right hand. But that alone did not prove him 
to be the guilty man. Still, what right had she to hide 
a man within Plancha Grande's walls, and to keep it a 
secret from Captain Helmont? Was it not an abuse of 
his hospitality? Suppose the Vigilantes discovered 
that the fugitive had been harbored at the Hacienda; 
suppose they caught him, and he confessed it; sup- 
pose they revenged themselves on Captain Hel- 
mont? She shuddered as she thought of what might 
happen as the result of her indiscreet action — for now 
she saw it was inexcusable, although at the time she 
believed it was a merciful act. She looked uneasily at 
the stalwart form of the captain, coming down the 
arcaded walk from the other end of the long patio; she 
reflected with a kind of terror that she was keeping a 
secret from this honest gentleman, who treated her with 
devoted friendship, with warm-hearted hospitality — a 
secret which might gravely affect his peace of mind — 
perhaps even threaten his life — one could never tell 
what the Vigilantes might do. And when she saw too 
the frank face of Arthur Alden, whose boyish eyes 
spoke only too plainly of their devotion to her, she 
asked herself with a start if it were true — had she really 
helped to hide a man who might have been Arthur's 
murderer ? 

But they were approaching. With a sigh Diana 
stifled her emotion, and strove to look as cheerful as if 
she had no secret weighing on her mind. For the first 
time she began to have grave doubts of the value of in- 
tuition. Like many of her sex, she often acted on 
impulse, and believed implicitly in intuition. Such be- 
lievers come to sudden conclusions, and shape out 
courses of action without premeditation. It is their 
theory that with them intuition replaces the slower 
processes of reason and logic relied on by the masculine 
half of humanity. This combination of intuition and 
impulse would be an admirable one if it could always 
be depended on. But often it bitterly disappoints its 
believers — frequently they find they should have looked 
before they leaped. For young women to share secrets 
with men whom they know is often undesirable ; secrets 
shared with strangers they usually have reason to 
regret. Diana was not the first young woman who, 
having shared a secret with a stranger, was sorry. 
Helmont and his guest were talking animatedly as 
they slowly drew near, Arthur still on his long chair 
borne by wtozos. They had gone up to the tower top 
for the view of the valley, but they had returned talk- 
ing about other matters than scenery, for Arthur was 
saying : 

"If you are so much opposed to the Vigilance Com- 
mitter .5, captain, why have you never associated your- 
self with any of the organized Law-and-Order men?" 
? ainly because I am not a citizen. Others, I know, 

have no such scruples. But I feel that a foreigner has 
no business meddling." 

Here they were interrupted by Mrs. Lyndon, who 
had come to dread all discussions of the Vigilantes. 
"Oh, captain," she said, rising, "I want to show you 
that agave plant — it's just about to burst into blossom." 
And the two elders left the others seated by the foun- 

"You heard — we were still talking Vigilante," said 
Arthur, with a smile. "How unfortunate that such a 
man as Captain Helmont should refuse to take part in 
settling these unhappy differences !" 

"Yes, it is a pity," assented Diana mechanically. 
"Still, I suppose we regret his defection from dif- 
ferent sides — you from the Vigilante standpoint, I from 
the Law-and-Order." 

"Am I so unreasonable an advocate of the Vigilantes 
then?" she asked. 

"Oh, really, I beg your pardon," exclaimed Arthur. 
"I ought not to drag in this vexed Vigilante topic." 
"But why not?" 

"Because I fear that I annoyed you when we last 
spoke of it." 

Diana's uneasy conscience made her resent this — it 
seemed as if he dimly suspected she had reasons for not 
wishing to talk about it. 

"Oh, no," she said, affecting to laugh. "I was not 
annoyed, but I may have been too earnest. We both 
grew a little heated — more so than was necessary, per- 
haps, over a question of law." 

"Particularly as the law seems to agitate other people 
here but little," Arthur went on, reassured by her de- 
meanor. "Both the Vigilantes and the Law-and-Order 
men seem to care little for the law." 

"What has led you to doubt the loyalty of your own 

"My conversation with Captain Helmont. He is a 
man of high character, and opposed to the Vigilantes ; 
but he says frankly that he does not rely on the law to 
protect his land from invasion by the miners, but de- 
pends on his own armed forces." 

"He certainly puts his words into effect," said Diana. 
"He makes his soldiers maintain strict discipline, and 
there are sentries posted at the Hacienda gates night 
and day." 

"So I have observed. I suppose it would be prac- 
ticallv impossible for an unauthorized stranger to enter, 
wouldn't it?" 

Diana hesitated — she felt that her face was betraying 
her discomposure as she replied : "Yes — no — that is, I 
think so." 

Arthur looked at her in some surprise. "It may be," 
he said at last, smiling, "that our worthy captain over- 
values his veterans and exaggerates the strictness of 
his discipline. Perhaps you know of instances where 
his sentries have been easily passed ?" 

Diana evaded answering the question. "I would not 
be apt to know," she said. "The sentries never stop 
me, so I would not notice any infringement of the 
rules." And then, feeling uncomfortable at her eva- 
sion, she turned the conversation back to where it was. 
"There are other ways in which the captain is not 
entirely consistent in his attitude toward the Vigi- 
lantes," she said. 
"Indeed ? What ?" 

"Although he condemns them for their secret 
tribunals, he himself has for years held a private court 
here in his Hacienda." 

"Yes, but he has to, on this immense rancho, with 
these simple natives, who do not speak the language or 
understand the laws of their conquerors. It was a 
rule of the Mexican regime. Probably he presides 
over them as a justice in their disputes and minor 

"Not minor offenses alone — I think he exercises 
complete control here," replied Diana. 

"But surely he would not claim the right to try and 
sentence offenders coming from outside his rancho. 
Suppose a murderer were to seek shelter here ; suppose 
the Vigilantes really had traced to Plancha Grande the 
fugitive whom they mistakenly supposed to be hidden 
here. Do you think Captain Helmont would claim the 
right to try such a fugitive's life or liberty ?" 

Again he thought Diana looked disturbed. Again 
she hesitated before replying. "No, I don't think he 
would claim the right to try such a fugitive," she said 
at length. "But if he is a Law-and-Order man, would 
he not be justified in saving a fugitive?" 

"I don't think I understand you — in what way do 
you mean?" asked Arthur. 

"I mean would it not be his duty to harbor the fugi- 
tive and protect him from the Vigilantes?" she replied. 
"From his attitude and yours toward them, that would 
seem to be his duty." 

Arthur paused and reflected. "To give asylum to 
the fugitive, and to protect him," he said at last, "yes 
— I suppose that would be his duty as a citizen, in view 
of possible danger to the fugitive's life from the Vigi- 
lantes, who in the eyes of the law are an illegal body of 
armed men." 

Diana was losing her qualms of conscience in the 
ardor of debate. "If the Vigilantes persisted in an 
attempt to seize the fugitive," she went on, with a 
demure look, "would you consider the captain justified 
in resisting them?" 

Again Arthur hesitated, but he finally gave a reluctant 

"Then you believe the Vigilantes would have no 
right to use their illegal armed force to apprehend a 
fugitive, but that the captain would have the right to 
use his illegal armed force to rescue one?" demanded 
Diana triumphantly. 

Arthur could not help looking vexed. Diana's 
Socratic cross-examination had brought him, a legal 
logician, to shame — to open shame as it turned out, 
for the amused faces of Mrs. Lyndon and the captain, 
who had just returned, showed that they had heard the 
end of the argument and the triumph of Diana. The 
lawyer in him might have overborne the lover, and led 
him to attempt to overturn her ingenious sophistries. 
But — perhaps fortunately for him — Diana was left with 
the laurels of victory and the last word, for Mrs. 
Lyndon here intervened. 

"Are your voices still for war?" she said. "Let me 
offer my good offices, if not too late." 

"And if it is too late — what then, madame?" asked 

"Why then, captain, d la guerre comme a la guerre! 
But what in the world are you two belligerents dis- 
cussing? If this illegal armed force should assault the 
Hacienda I sincerely hope the captain's illegal armed 
force will be larger than the enemy's !" 

"You have only to say the word, and it shall be as 
you wish, madame," said the captain gallantly. "Evi- 
dently you believe in Napoleon's maxim " 

"That Providence is on the side of the largest bat- 
talion?" asked Mrs. Lyndon. 

"No — Napoleon's phrase was different. He declared 
that Providence is always on the side of the heaviest 
artillery. By taste and training Napoleon inclined to 
cannon. He was an artillery officer, if you remember 
— he knew that a single cannon is worth many men. 
When the Section Lepelletier revolted in Paris he 
placed grape-shotted cannon at the street angles, and 
swept the intersecting streets clean as though with a 
bloody broom. In many ways Napoleon was perhaps 
an unpleasant person, but he was an excellent artillery- 

"Now you know you're not a Chauvinist, captain — 
only esprit de corps makes you defend the Little Cor- 

"True," assented Helmont. "As an old artilleryman 

myself " 

"Cela s'entend," interrupted the lively lady. "As an 
artilleryman you applaud his good shooting while you 
condemn his bad faith. But tell me, young people — 
what is all this talk we hear of fugitives, of asylums, 
and of avenging Vigilantes?" 

"Nothing — nothing at all — purely hypothetical ques- 
tions." said Arthur hastily. 

"Such discussions would necessarily be so, Mrs. 
Lyndon," said Helmont. "Everybody knows that I 
don't sympathize overmuch with the Vigilantes, but 
everybody also knows that I would not give asylum to 
any fugitive whom they pursued. Once in a while, 
they may hang an innocent man, but those they go after 
are guilty nine times in ten, while the tenth man is sus- 
picious. No — no one inside these walls shall ever shel- 
ter a fugitive from the Vigilantes." 

Diana started guiltily as he spoke. She was so dis- 
quieted that it was a relief to her when Mrs. Lyndon, 
who had not noticed her confusion, addressed her: 

"Diana, your maid Luisa is looking for you; she has 
your riding togs all laid out on the bed, and is intensely 
interested, although she disapproves of your garb, of 
your saddle, and of your determination to ride with the 
vaqueros at the rodeo today." 

"Are you going to ride in the rodeo?" asked Arthur. 
"How I wish I could go !" 

"I wish you could," replied Diana, "but as you can 
not, you must come to the gateway to see me ride away 
with my caballada — for Captain Helmont has given me 
an escort of vaqueros almost as imposing as that of a 
knight of old. Good-bye — or rather hasta luego!" 
And, accompanied by Mrs. Lyndon, Diana hastened 

"Diana is safe enough with my men," said Helmont. 
"Still I would prefer to have some one else with her 
too. I wrote asking Eugene Yarrow to come up for 
the rodeo, but I have not heard from him. He may be 
absent from the city." 

"How often do you hold the rodeos, captain?" ' 
"We have them once a year. Ours is a rodeo for 
dividing up the stock among the different ranchos of 
the Hacienda, and after they are divided the young 
animals are branded." 

"Is this a slaughtering rodeo?" 

"Oh, no, it is not even a branding day. Branding is 
not so unpleasant as slaughtering, but it wouldn't be a 
particularly agreeable diversion for Diana. The odors 
of singeing hair and burning horseflesh are scarcely 
sweet-smelling. Today the vaqueros are cutting out 
the manadas — what the Americans call bunches. The 
animals have been running wild for a year over the 
common grazing lands. The old stallions and mares 
are already branded of course; the increase of the year 
is not. The vaqueros ride round and round in a circle, 
thus at last bunching the animals into separate corrals, 
where the colts will be branded tomorrow." 

"And don't you take part in this exciting scene?" 
"No — it is an old story to me. Diana, who has no 
accounts to keep, will delight in the rodeo. I shall go 
out later and look after the branding — that is more 
important. Besides, the rodeo begins too early for me 
— the men were in the saddle at daylight. Diana is a 
luxurious vaqucra — she will not arrive at the rodeo 
until hours after sunrise." 

"Branding settles ownership, I suppose?" 
"Absolutely — if a man wants to be sure he owns his 
colts and calves, he must get his brand on them first. 
Under the Mexican law his brands had to be registered, 
and no one was allowed to brand except on days fixed 
for rodeos by public notice. Of late years a lot of 
smart rascals have been selling counterfeit branding- 

July 4, 1908. 


irons, and as your free-and-easy American law now 
allows anybody to- brand at any time, all of the large 
rancheros have lost many cattle." 

"Today's rodeo is not for beef cattle?" 

"Only for horses; after it is all over, the beef cattle 
will be brought in, rounded up, and divided. When 
they are driven in you'll know when they are coming." 


"Because of their bellowing — it may be heard for 
miles. We used to have some thirty thousand beef 
cattle on this rancho, but as the country settled up the 
number has diminished. In the old days it was a 
great spectacle — people came from fifty to sixty miles 
away, and there was a grand fiesta. We killed many 
of the fattest cattle for our scores of guests, and the 
vaqueros would take only the hides and the choicest 
parts of the beef, leaving the carcasses on the plain. 
This attracted the wild animals from the hills, and 
black and cinnamon bear prowled over the valley — 
sometimes grizzlies. Often they were caught — four or 
five vaqueros at the same time would lasso a bear, their 
horses pulling in different directions, until the animal 
was strangled by the lariat noosed around its neck." 

"Surely a single vaquero would not dare to lasso a 
grizzly !" exclaimed Arthur. 

"No — if he tried, the grizzly would seize the rope, 
and pull a powerful horse toward him, paw over paw, 
unless the vaquero was quick enough to cast off his 
lariat from the saddle horn." 

"Then it is true that they sometimes caught grizzlies 
for bear-baiting?" 

"Oh, yes — five vaqueros would lasso a grizzly over 
each leg and over his neck; then all five would pull 
against him and spread him out flat on the ground, at 
the same time choking him into submission. Then 
they would get him safely into a heavy low-wheeled 
cage, and haul him to the bull-ring." 

"What chance would the bull have in a fight against 
so powerful an animal as the grizzly?" 

"The bulls often killed the bears. They are nothing 
like your bulls on the Atlantic Coast; they are very 
quick, very vicious, have long sharp horns, and are 
almost wild. In the ring the bull was more often the 
victor than the grizzly. But come — let us go to the 
gateway — it is about time that Diana was starting for 
the rodeo." 

With the assistance of some 111020s, Arthur's chair 
was taken to the portal, where they found the major- 
domo and a grouo of vaqueros waiting for the captain's 
guest. The cowboys had with them a handsome buck- 
skin mustang, which as yet had no rider. 

"There is Diana's mount," said Helmont. 

Alden looked at the animal's accoutrements with 
some surprise. It bore an elaborately stamped and 
silver-mounted saddle, around the pommel of which 
was coiled the long lasso. The bridle was of plaited 
rawhide, and the silver bit was the cruel Spanish 
instrument he had already noticed in the mouths of the 
native horses. 

"Does Miss Diana ride a " and Arthur hesitated 

for a word. 

"She rides en cavalier," replied Helmont,' with a 
smile. "About the only safe way for a woman to ride 
at a rodeo, I fancy. But the riata, or lasso, at her 
pommel is probably purely for ornament. Here she 

Arthur turned and saw Diana approaching with Mrs. 
Lyndon. He devoured her with his eyes. The riding 
garb she had devised was a compromise costume. It 
was based partly on the riding rig of the Mexican 
dandies, although she had replaced their calzonera, or 
riding-breeches, with a divided skirt of doeskin. But 
this garment, like the calzonera, had a double row of 
silver buttons down the outside ; their botas or leggings 
she had replaced by high laced boots of soft buckskin 
garnished with silver spurs. Their short jacket of 
blue broadcloth, heavily laced with silver, she had 
retained; likewise their rich waistcoat of silk velvet, 
and the soft linen shirt with matador tie. Around her 
waist was bound the conventional crimson sash, while 
ion her head she wore a wide-brimmed sombrero; 
around its conical crown was wound a filigree golden 
fillet. In short, she was a feminine replica of the 
native caballero of the time — very fair to look upon, 
seemingly not displeasing to the vaqueros, but with 
equal seeming eyed with horror by their womankind, 
the paisanas. 

Helmont approached her with the gravity of a Span- 
ish grandee of the time of Carlos Quinto ; he bowed 
low, almost sweeping the ground with the ceremonial 
wave of his sombrero. 

"A los pies de usted, senorita," he said. "But I 
scarcely know whether so cavalier-looking a young 
person would accept assistance in mounting?" None 
the less, he extended his hand for her to spring 

"Gracias, no, senor capitan — no se necesita," she 
replied with a smile, and placing her own foot in the 
cumbrous wooden stirrup, she vaulted on her horse. 
As she sat in the high-pommeled saddle she looked, 
from the peak of her conical sombrero to the tapadera 
points trailing from her stirrups to the ground, the per- 
sonification of equestrian grace. She would not have 
been a woman if she had not been conscious of how 
these men admired her, from Arthur Alden to the very 
vaqueros, and Alden most of all. 

"But who is this coming up the hill?" asked Mrs. 
Lyndon, who was perhaps less susceptible to feminine 
charms than the others. 

"Why, it's Eugene Yarrow !" exclaimed Helmont, 
waving his hand to the group of horsemen. 

Helmont was right — it was Yarrow, just from the 

embarcadero, accompanied by two or three of the cap- 
tain's mozos to carry his luggage. 

"You're in the nick of time, my boy," said the cap- 
tain, jovially, while the newcomer was being greeted 
by all. "Dona Diana is just oft" for the rodeo, and 
without any escort except these dark-skinned cowboys 
here. Alden is still on the invalid list, and I am too 
old and fat." 

'I'd be more than delighted to ride with Miss Diana," 
declared Eugene enthusiastically. "But you must give 
me a fresh mount." 

"It is behind you," replied Helmont. "Dismount, 
and they will shift the saddle." 

In a trice Eugene's saddle was on a fresh animal, and 
he turned to the dashing vaquera. 

'May I have the honor of being your cavalier, Miss 
Diana?" said Eugene. 

'A la disposicion de usted, cabellcro!" cried Diana, 
saucily saluting with her quirt. The lash fell, she 
wheeled her mustang, which pivoted like a teetotum, 
and like a flash she was dashing down the hill. Her 
escort of vaqueros — heeding not her new caballero, for 
they owed allegiance only to her — put spurs to their 
horses, and raced after her, while Eugene followed 
somewhat ingloriously in the rear. 

Alden and his companions watched them rapidly de- 
scending the hill, but in a few minutes they had dis- 
appeared in the whirling masses of horses in the vast 
plain below. 

[to be continued.] 

Copyright 1908 by Jerome A. Hart. 


A Third Volume Closes a Brilliant Survey of Fifty Years 
of French Life. 

The third volume of the "Memoirs of the Countess 
de Boigne" covers the period from the year 1820 to the 
year 1830. The first volume brought us to the year 
1S14 and the second to the year 1819, so that we have 
in all a period of about half a century thus illuminated 
by the diary of a woman who must be placed in the 
front rank of those marvelous feminine minds produced 
so lavishly by the France of a hundred years ago. 
Mme. de Boigne knew all the stars that covered the 
political firmament of her country. Her position car- 
ried her easily into the highest social and govern- 
ment circles of her day, while her brilliant intelligence 
naturally attracted and was attracted by all that was 
most worthy in the world of knowledge and of wit. 
She seems to have held herself with a singular detach- 
ment and self-possession during crisis after crisis so 
well calculated to bias both judgment and criticism. 
Proximity never destroys her sense of perspective; she 
is always sane, balanced, judicial. For her the mole- 
hill never becomes the mountain nor does she allow the 
mountain to be dwarfed by its proximity. She looks 
upon the volcano with the same tranquil and curious 
regard as upon the flower garden. Her poise is never 
disturbed by the overthrow of kings or the titanic 
struggles waged within her sight. Hers is the tem- 
perament of the philosopher to whom nothing is insig- 
nificant and who neither exaggerates nor belittles. 

One of the first scenes that she records in her third 
volume is the assassination of the Due de Berry. At 
the moment of the crime she herself was at the house 
of Mme. de la Briche, but in the midst of "bursts of 
laughter" the news was brought by de Boisgelin : 

The Due de Berry had just put his wife in her carriage, and 
the footmen were closing the door. He was going back to the 
Opera, to see the last scene of the ballet and to receive from 
a member of the ballet the signal for a visit which he wished 
to make to her. He was followed by two aides-de-camp, and 
two sentinels were presenting arms at either side of the door. 
A man passed through all these people, and pushed so vio- 
lently against one of the aides-de-camp that he said, "Take 
care what you are doing, sir." At the same moment he placed 
a hand upon the shoulder of the prince, and with the other 
hand drove into his breast below the shoulder an enormous 
knife, which he left in the wound, and took flight ; no one in 
this numerous escort had time to anticipate his action. The 
Due de Berry thought at first that he had received a blow 
with a fist, and said, "That man struck me" : then clapping 
his hand to his breast he cried, "Ah, it is a dagger ! I am a 
dead man." 

The Duchesse de Berry, seeing the struggle, wished to go to 
her husband. Mme. de Bethisy, the lady on duty, from whom 
I have these details, attempted to keep her back. The foot- 
men hesitated to lower the steps, and the princesse sprang out 
of the carriage without waiting for them. Mme. de Bethisy 
followed her. They found the Due de Berry seated in a 
chair in the passage. He had not lost consciousness, and 
merely said, "Ah, poor Caroline, what a sight for you." She 
threw herself upon him : "Take care, you are hurting me." 

They succeeded in carrying him up to a little drawing-room 
which communicated with his box. The men who had carried 
him then went out to fetch help, and he was left alone with 
the two ladies. The knife, which had been left in his breast, 
caused him dreadful suffering and he insisted that Mme. de 
Bethisy should draw it out, after making a vain attempt him- 
self. She was eventually induced to obey. The blood spurted 
forth abundantly, and her dress and that of the Duchesse de 
Berry were covered with it. From that moment until the 
arrival of the physicians with their bandages he merely 
groaned continually, saying from time to time, "I am stifling, 
give me air." The poor women opened the door, and the 
music of the ballet which was in progress and the applause of 
the pit made a dreadful contrast with the scene before their 
eyes. The Duchesse de Berry showed a calmness and a 
strength of character beyond all praise, for her despair was 
terrible. She thought of everything, prepared everything with 
her own hands, and the boarding-school girl of the morning 
became suddenly heroic. 

The countess looks upon the Due de Berry as "a hero 
and a Christian." Asked as to his want of resolution, 
she can only say that "men are full of these inexplicable 
anomalies." Consistency belongs only to the hero of 
the novelist. 

We get a curious light upon the character and con- 

duct of Queen Caroline of England. The countess her- 
self was at Aix and we can only admire the eloquent 
reticence with which she deals with incidents that must 
have been the talk of the countryside : 

The carriages of Queen Caroline of England were passing 
through Aix. We were informed that she had been staying in 
an inn upon the Geneva route, and strange stories reached us 
from that quarter. Curious to know the truth upon these de- 
tails, I made inquiries a short time afterwards when I was fol- 
lowing the same route. I stopped at an inn at Rumilly. A 
very respectable looking girl was working in the kitchen, and 
I asked her a few questions about the queen's stay. She 
replied with downcast eyes that she knew nothing. 

"The queen did not stay here, then?" 

"Oh, yes, madame, but I was not here." 

The mistress of the inn then came up, and told me that the 
queen had stayed a week at her house, but that after the first 
evening she had hastened to send away her daughters to one 
of their aunts. 

"I was ashamed, madame, of what I saw myself, and did not 
even like sending my servants to wait upon her." 

It seems that the courier Bergami had grown too lazy to 
satisfy the taste of this immoral princess, although she still 
remained under his influence. Under pretext of a conference 
with the English minister at Berne to arrange for her journey 
through Switzerland, she had sent him away, and had spent 
the week of his absence in a perpetual orgie with her other 
servants. Indignation reached such a pitch in the little town 
which her presence had defiled that upon the day of her de- 
parture, when a quarrel broke out between one of her servants 
and a postillion, the queen attempted to secure silence by her 
royal word, whereupon there was an explosion of popular indig- 
nation. The whole populace rose, and threatened to stone her, 
and she ran some risk of being thus assaulted. Such was the 
honorable person loudly claimed as sovereign by a large pro- 
portion of the English nation, a fact which provides further 
proof of opposition good faith in every country. 

She takes a subsequent opportunity to refer again to 
a queen who disgraced alike her country and husband. 
Napoleon was lying dead in St. Helena and the age of 
his posthumous popularity was not yet begun. News- 
paper sellers in the streets of Paris were crying, "The 
death of Napoleon Bonaparte, two sous ; his speech to 
General Bertrand, two sous ; despair of Mme. Bertrand, 
two sous" ; and no more effect was produced "than an 
advertisement for a lost dog" : 

If it is possible to form a correct idea of the life in general 
of Napoleon at St. Helena, his existence seems to have been 
magnificent in his recollections as attested by the splendid 
narrative which he dictated, and trivial as regards his actions, 
which point is again attested by the correspondence with Sir 
Hudson Lowe. In any case, the emperor was so omnipotent a 
character that even at the height of his glory, when he was 
shaking empires to their foundations, he could find time for 
the close consideration of details which a private individual 
would have neglected without scruple. Possibly characteristics 
which our want of sympathy styles pettifogging are due to 
superabundant energy. 

Lord Castlereagh went into the study of George IV and said 
to him : 

"Sir, I come to tell your majesty that your mortal enemy is 
dead ?" 

"What 1" he cried, "is it possible ? Can she be dead ?" 

Lord Castlereagh was obliged to calm the monarch's joy by 
explaining to him that he was not talking of the queen, his 
wife, but of Bonaparte. A few months afterwards the hopes 
of the king were accomplished, and it must be admitted that 
if such sentiments can ever be justified, they could be only by 
the conduct of Queen Caroline. Her death was a relief to 
everybody, and especially for the party which had undertaken 
the impossible task of repairing her honor. She died a victim 
to her excesses. 

A final quotation may be given, not in itself of great 
intrinsic value, but as illustrating the range of interest 
of this extraordinary memoirist, whose mind was one 
large interrogation point and for whom nothing was 
without its interest and importance: 

I take this opportunity of noting a remarkable fact which I 
am obliged to believe, as I saw it for myself. In 1828, or 
perhaps it was in 1827, a little girl of two years old was 
brought to me with bright blue eyes which seemed in no way 
remarkable at first sight. When, however, the eyes were 
examined more carefully, it was seen that the iris was com- 
posed of little filaments forming white letters on a blue back- 
ground placed around the pupil, and making the words "Na- 
poleon Emperor." The word "Napoleon" was equally distinct 
in either eye ; the first letters of the word "Emperor" were 
indistinct in one eye and the last letters in the other. The 
little girl was very pretty, and seemed to enjoy excellent sight. 

Her mother, who was a Lorraine peasant, told me very 
simply what she considered to be the cause of this strange 
freak of nature. A brother, to whom she was deeply attached, 
had drawn a bad number in the conscription, and as he went 
away had given her a newly-struck coin of twenty sous, asking 
her to keep it in memory of him. A short time afterwards she 
learned that his regiment was passing three leagues away from 
her village, and she went to the spot to see him for a moment. 
As she returned she was exhausted with fatigue and thirst, 
and stopped at a tavern half way upon her road to drink a 
glass of beer. When it was necessary to pay, she perceived 
that she had given her brother all the money she had upon her, 
and had nothing left but the precious coin of twenty sous, 
which she always carried upon her person. She asked for 
credit, but the inn-keeper was pitiless. She therefore sacrificed 
her poor treasure with regrets, and came home in despair. 
Her tears flowed incessantly. The next Sunday her husband 
went in search of the coin, and succeeded in restoring it to 
her. When she brought it back, her joy was so keen that the 
child leaped in her womb, and, in her own words, she felt 
"faint with delight." 

The little girl bore in her eyes the inscription upon the 
coin. I have no intention of writing a physiological treatise to 
explain the possibility of this fact ; I merely affirm that I have 
seen it, and that any fraud was impossible. The doctor in the 
neighboring village had proposed to show the child for money, 
and the mother accompanied him. The government objected 
to any public performance, advertisements were not permitted, 
and their stay at Paris was cut short. 

Extracts, however carefully selected, are inadequate 
to convey a fitting impression of these astonishing 
memoirs, as eloquent alike of the times about which 
they were written as of the mind that conceived and 
wrote them. We do not know the extent of our debt 
to the editor, M. Charles Nicollaud. We can only say 
that these three volumes are irreproachable, and if his 
labors have been considerable they have been done 
without the sound of workmanship or the mark of a 

"Memoirs of the Countess de Boigne." Edited from 
the original MS. by Charles Nicollaud. Published by 
Charles Scribner's Sons, New York; three volumes; 
$2.50 each. 


July 4, 190S. 


Dr. Bertillon Warns His Government That the 
Nation Is Disappearing. 

The statistics of French population, pub- 
lished from time to time, have at length 
begun to trouble the national conscience. 
Questions of population make their first ap- 
peal from the economic standpoint, while 
moral considerations take, as usual, a sec- 
ondary position. Military authorities begin 
to be uneasy as to the size and stamina of 
the army. From the country districts come 
complaints that land is unfilled and that the 
tillers of the soil become more and more 
sparsely scattered. These have been com- 
monplaces in the French mind for many 
years past, but now the relentless percussion 
of statistics has become so familiar and so 
monotonous that it has reached the recesses 
where conscience dwells, and public men have 
begun to question if it is indeed the fact that 
the law itself is productive of that kind of 
immorality that lowers the birthrate and 
starves the country of its rightful heritage of 
children. Race suicide has become in France 
a question of national preservation, but no 
suggestion has yet been made that it is due 
to luxury, to selfishness, or to apathy. It is 
a matter of stern necessity and also of a sys- 
tem of law that makes immorality the line of 
least resistance. 

Dr. Bertillon, the anthropometric expert, is 
the latest to make a public protest. The text 
of his sermon is a simple one. Last year and 
throughout the whole of France the number 
of children born alive was 773,969. The 
number of deaths during the same year was 
793,889. That is to say, the deaths exceeded 
the births by nearly twenty thousand. The 
proverbial schoolboy can calculate how long 
it will be before France as a nation is extin- 
guished — "jusgu a ce que le pays n'exisle 

It is no new story, but it is quite new that 
any one of Dr. Bertillon's authority should 
ask with insistence and emphasis what the 
nation proposes to do about it. Here are 
some more figures presented ruthlessly by the 
worthy doctor, who explains in parenthesis 
and with an exculpatory air that the collection 
of statistics is hereditary in his family. The 
figures show the number of births during 
seven years : 

1901 857,274 

1902 845,378 

1903 826,712 

1904 818,229 

1 905 807,29 1 

1906 806,847 

1907 773,969 

Notice how the totals get smaller and beau- 
tifully less, while we may well believe that 
the Angel of Death maintains his usual or 
even an accelerated gait. And this has been 
going on for half a century. France may 
well ask herself what it means. Dr. Bertillon 
says it means the exhaustion of the country — 
'1'cpuisemcnt du pays." 

He is not altogether without his remedy, 
this eminent statistician of a statistical family. 
Like a wise physician he feels the pulse, takes 
the temperature, and then prescribes. Let the 
government, he says, cease to discuss whether 
taxes shall be taken from the right-hand 
pocket or the left, let them stop tormenting 
the aged priests and for once do something 
that is worth while. Let them repopulate 
France or so amend the laws that France may 
repopulate herself. She is both able and 

But there is nothing to be done, say the 
wiseacres. Virtue is not a matter of legisla- 

Now there, replies the doctor, is where you 
make a mistake. Virtue is a matter of legis- 
lation. Cease to regard wedlock as a kind of 
legal offense. Encourage marriage rather 
than discourage it. Give your benediction to 
the young people and not your frowns. Do 
not chill their lawful ardors by demanding 
the written permission of all sorts of relatives 
who should have nothing whatever to do with 
the matter. Do not subject them to a week's 
hard labor in the collection of signatures, in 
the making of entries in official books, in the 
payment of fees. If these young people are 
of age, then in heaven's name marry them, 
how, when, and where they wish. Send them 
on their way rejoicing with a "bless you, my 
children," and do not look upon a simple de- 
sire to be married as a cause for grave and 
cautious suspicion. Married people, suggests 
the doctor with admirable adroitness, will 
have children, but those who dispense with 
the ceremony will have none. 

You say that people can not be made vir- 
tuous by law, explodes the doctor. How then 
will you account for the fact that in 1907 
there were over eight thousand marriages 
more than in the year previous ? The ex- 
planation is simple enough. In the year 1907 
certain restrictions upon marriage, certain 
ridiculous coils of red tape, were removed in 
the case of lovers who were over thirty years 
of age. As a result eight thousand couples 
were married and presumably will have chil- 
dren, most of them. But for the amended 
law the majority of these couples would have 
still lived together, but they would have taken 
good c .re that no children ever cursed them 
for illegitimacy. You say that people can not 
be mi. ie virtuous by law, reiterates the doctor. 
tie law did not make these eight thou- 
. ouples virtuous, but it enabled them 

to be virtuous. It saved them an overpower- 
ing temptation to immorality, at least to ir- 
regularity, and it took their children under 
its protection instead of daring them to be 
born. Do you call that nothing? 

In the course of his tirade Dr. Bertillon 
says some good things. "It is the duty of 
every man to contribute to the continuation 
of his nation quite as much as it is his duty 
to defend his nation." Children must be en- 
couraged to come into the world. They will 
come quickly enough if they are welcomed by 
the State. Do not punish them for being 
born. Do not punish their parents. Let it 
be morally obligating to have two children, 
creditable to have three, and a mark of honor 
and reward to have four. Otherwise the par- 
ents will continue to treat France as the 
baker treats his bad paying customers — "You 
want bread? Then pay for it." 

Paris, June 12. 1908. St. Martin. 


Paulus, the music-hall singer whose songs 
made the political fortune of General Bou- 
langer, has just died in comparative poverty. 
For a time at the height of his success, when 
he sang "En Revenant de la Revue" and 
other songs of the same class, Paulus made 
the salary of several prime ministers and 
lived like a prince. But with the downfall 
and death of General Boulanger his own 
vogue disappeared, and he practically lived on 
charity the last five years. 

The commission which is investigating the 
finances of the late King Carlos's reign has 
discovered that Dowager Queen Maria Pia 
received $40,000 from the state. The Queen 
Dowager does not deny that she received this 
money, but says that she was justified in 
using it on the ground that her allowance 
of $2400 a year was not sufficient to maintain 
her in royal state. The government is greatly 
embarrassed by this discovery, as the major 
part of these advances was conceded during 
the previous administrations of Manuel d'Es- 
pregueira, who is at present the minister of 

Mrs. William H. Taft, while characterized 
as an "intelligent, progressive woman," has 
old-fashioned preferences in literature. In a 
recent interview on music, woman's suffrage, 
and books, she said " 'Pride and Prejudice' is 
my favorite. I don't know how many times 
I have read it. They used to tease me before 
I was married about a thumb-worn copy I 
carried about with me everywhere." And 
while admitting that "Vanity Fair" was one 
of her favorites, she applied the test of being 
stranded on a desert island with but one work 
of fiction and unhesitatingly declares for Jane 
Austen's "Pride and Prejudice." 

Lieutenant Graetz of the Prussian army, 
who started on August 10 last to cross Africa 
from Dar-es-Salaam in a specially built auto- 
mobile, reached Serenje, Rhodesia, on May 
26, after a perilous passage of the wilderness. 
His route was alternately over rocks and 
through swamps and torrents, which com- 
pelled him to build a track many miles long. 
He was marooned a month in the desert 
owing to his petrol becoming exhausted and 
having to wait while a native guide was sent 
to Serenje to obtain a supply. Lieutenant 
Graetz's health, notwithstanding his delays 
and difficulties, is said to be excellent. 

Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, now almost a nona- 
genarian, is still moved by living enthusiasm 
for the cause she has so long supported. To 
a young Southern writer who was introduced 
to her in Boston last year Mrs. Howe, after 
due exchange of conversation, said: "And 
now, my dear, go home and start a little club 
for women ; any kind of a little club, but 
make them meet and read and talk. That is 
what I did. I can't tell you how many little 
clubs I've started in my day." One can easily 
realize what a godsend to dull and shut-in 
lives Mrs. Howe's clubs may have been a 
half century ago, when the outlets to women's 
lives were fewer than they are now. Clubs 
nowadays, however, are accused of drawing 
women away from more serious and worthy 
pursuits than they can furnish them. 

Rear-Admiral Richardson Clover has been 
during the greater portion of his career one 
of the most conspicuous officers in the United 
States navy. He married Miss Mary Eudora, 
daughter of the late General John F. Miller, 
senator from California. Admiral Clover is 
a member of the Naval Academy graduating 
class of 1867, and became an ensign in 1868, 
lieutenant in 1871, lieutenant-commander in 
1891, commander in 1897, and captain in 
1902. He was at one time hydrographer of 
the navy, and did notable work in the survey 
of the coast of Alaska. During the Spanish- 
American war he commanded the U. S. S. 
Bancroft. Later he was United States naval 
attache at London, and succeeding this detail 
filled important positions in the Navy De- 
partment at Washington. 

An accomplishment which is very unusual 
with women in any walk of life has given to 
the Crown Princess of Montenegro the dis- 
tinction of being the champion royal lady 
w T restler of all Europe. Before her marriage to 
the future ruler of the little principality, the 
Princess Danilo was the Duchess Jutta of 
Mecklenburg, Germany, and she appears to 
have had a somewhat varied training. She is 

a woman of a number of dissimilar hobbies 
and attainments. She is a brilliant pianist, 
an expert needlewoman, and a caricaturist of 
no little skill, but her most favorite activity 
seems to be the masculine sport of wrestling. 
To this she devotes not less than one evening 
every week, and takes more pride in her apt- 
ness at it than in any other of her capa- 
bilities. She understands the Japanese art of 
jiu-jitsu, and has so thoroughly mastered it 
that she is almost invariably successful in the 
bouts in which she engages. 



Now doth sweet summer dream her sweetest 
With full-fringed lids half closed against the 
And thirsting lips, she nods beside the stream 
Within whose silent bed no waters run. 

Full wearily she stretcheth now her limbs; 

Anon her breast is stirred with languid sighs; 
Lulled by the murmur of slow forest hymns, 

She draws the shadows with her drowsing eyes. 

And, all above her busy hands have made 
A woven covert of green boughs that keep 

The semblance of a painted arch whose shade 
Falls on the ground like an enchanted sleep. 

— Metropolitan Magazine. 

I have looked on the Ring. From out of the 
North he came; 
The world was busy and blind; but my heart 
took wing 
At the light in his face, and the truth swept out 
like a flame, 

And I said, " 'Tis the King!" 

The depths of my soul felt the breath of a 
strange new word. 
And an unfledged joy I bore on my breast 
All my life dreamed into the voice that my spirit 

Singing, "Thou art the Queen." 

But the King passed by with never a glance at me; 
He was gazing aloft at a star, or down at a 

With a brow that pondered and eyes that were 

keen to see. 

And I wait, alone. 

— The Atlantic Monthly. 

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only a part of the cost of 
the glasses we make. The 
other part represents ex- 
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Black-Heart Poppy. 
Flowers o' the violet and blossom o' the peach. 

Neither and none of them am I. 
I'm a yellow poppy flower that grows along the 
Spray- sprinkled when the tide is high. 

You say that I'm heartless and a traitor and a 
So much the worse it is for you. 
You wanted to believe me, and my magic could 
not trust — 
Why ever did you think me true? 

Crimson is the peach bloom's heart, the rose's 
heart is gold — 
Look, then, and see it's as I say! 
Poppies just have centres which are raven black 
and cold, 
Salt with the savor of the spray. 

— Appleton's Magazine. 

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Tuly 4, 1908. 



By Sidney G. P. Coryn. 

The Dial, discoursing on the ignorance of 
the modern college man, tells a story of a 
gathering of alumni, old and young, of a 
famous college. One of the older men spoke, 
and the burden of his discourse was to the 
effect that in his student days college men 
took a serious interest in literature and the 
humanities in general, an interest which did 
not seem to be shared with them by the stu- 
dents of the younger generation. He said by 
way of illustration that it was not uncommon 
for a group of his fellow-students to go out 
for an afternoon walk, and spend most of 
their time in talking about Keats and Shelley. 
This speaker was followed by a representa- 
tive of the younger generation — a graduate in 
engineering or something of the sort — who 
frankly admitted the truth of what had just 
been said, and added, for his own part, that 
he had never heard of "Sheats and Kelley." 
We can sympathize with the Dial and exhibit 
a strictly domestic article that is nearly as 
good. The diplomas just issued to the grad- 
uating classes of the San Francisco grammar 
schools bear the statement that they are 
issued "in the year Anno Domini 1908." O 
Tempora, O Mores! To what school shall we 
send the schoolmaster? 

Social Psychology, by Edward Alswortb. Ross. 
Published by the Macmillan Company, 
New York; $1.50. 

Professor Ross has written an ingenious 
and a fascinating book. If a paradox may be 
allowed, his "Social Psychology" is novel be- 
cause it tells us what we all knew before and 
it is valuably suggestive because it deals with 
facts in nature toward which science usually 
turns its blind eye. 

That mankind is very largely governed by 
suggestion and by sub-intelligent force is al- 
most a truism, but Professor Ross has reduced 
it to catalogue and docket. He opens for us 
so wide a vista that we wonder at his re- 
straint while we begin to understand the for- 
midable bulwark of mere imitativeness against 
which intelligence has struggled for so many 
centuries. He seems to show us that indi- 
vidual human consciousness is not yet su- 
preme over what may be called the horde con- 
sciousness of the lower animals and that men 
are nearly as prone to follow a leader or to 
obey an uncredentialed impulse as are the 
sheep that jump an imaginary fence because 
the first of the flock did so. But we wish the 
author had gone deeper. What is this col- 
lective consciousness and how does it work? 
Its effects are lamentably evident, but we 
should like to know more of its real nature. 

The author elaborates his subject with a 
commendable care. His chapters on "The 
Crowd" and "The Mob," its crazes and its 
cruelties, are particularly good. Conven- 
tionality comes in for extended and valuable 
attention. "Imitation," "Pubiic Opinion," and 
"Discussion" are ably handled, and we are 
allowed to draw the conclusion that it is only 
the elect of the race, as it were, in whom has 
been developed an individuality and an intel- 
lectual self-possession that act as prophylac- 
tics against a pack or flock consciousness that 
still rules the majority to its detriment. 

Professor Ross has written a valuable book 
and an easy and lucid style is its embellish- 

Marcia Schuyler, by Grace Livingston Hill 
Lutz. Published by the J. E. Lippincott 
Company, Philadelphia; $1.50. 

We do not know if this book is a "best 
seller," but if so it may reasonably look down 
upon some of its comrades. So dainty a 
novel it has not been our fortune to see for 
some time. 

It is a country story told of the day when 
the locomotive was still a daring novelty. 
Kate Schuyler is about to be married to 
David Spafford, but a few hours before the 
wedding that graceless lady runs off with a 
military admirer who promises her more in 
the way of "life" than can be offered by a 
young journalist, however high-minded he 
may be. After the first moment of domestic 
shame and consternation Kate's father pas- 
sionately advises the bridegroom to choose 
some other wife from the village maidens and 
to allow the ceremony to go forward. Then 
Marcia, Kate's sister, comes upon the scene. 
She is little more than a school girl, but the 
antithesis of the wayward Kate, simple, loyal, 
and dutiful, knowing nothing of the meaning 
of love, but eager to retrieve the family dis- 
grace and bewildered at her good fortune in 
becoming the wife of a man already enthroned 
as a hero in her childish heart. And so 
David marries Marcia and we may confess to 
a little impatience with that young man in 
his failure to recognize more quickly how 
kind a cruel fortune has been to him. 

The beauty of the story lies in its picture of 
a married life in which the husband is slowly 
weaned from an unworthy love into a recog- 
nition of a value that is actually within his 
hands. Judged by the ideas of a later day, 
David must be condemned for a certain cal- 
lousness that allows him to marry a girl 
whom he does not love in order that he may 
be saved from the mortification of returning 
alone to his distant home. But autres temps, 
aittres moeurs. He does at least behave to 
his wife as a gentleman, and perhaps his eyes 

are opened nearly as quickly as could be ex- 
pected. The reader, it is true, begins to love 
Marcia and to dislike Kate at first sight, but 
young men in real life are notoriously blind 
to their real advantages, while the reader has 
both detachment and perspective to aid him. 
Therefore David may be forgiven in view of 
the bountiful expiation that comes in the end. 
There is plenty of incident in "Marcia 
Schuyler," but its charm is an indefinable one. 
It satisfies us because it paints an ideal girl- 
hood and produces a picture that we will not 
quickly forget. 

Diana of Dobson's, by Cecily Hamilton. Pub- 
lished by the Century Company, New 
York; $1.50. 
Here we have a story that is distinctly 
above the average and with the merits of con- 
densation and ethical purpose. Diana Mas- 
singberd, with a memory of better days to 
give poignancy to her distress, has become a 
London shop assistant, and to those who 
know the facts this expresses an acme of 
personal humiliation. A legacy of three hun- 
dred pounds gives her a chance of a few 
weeks' independence and reckless expendi- 
ture. It also gives her a yearned-for oppor- 
tunity to express her opinion of the superin- 
tendent and of her employer : 

"Miss Massingberd, the first thing in the morn- 
ing — the very first thing in the morning — I shall 
make it my business to inform Mr. Dobson " 

"Damn Mr. Dobson!" said Diana heartily. 

Then, while the girls sat stiff and Miss Pringle 
reeled, she strode across the room and turned tne 
gas up higher. 

"And the same remark," she added, "applies to 
yourself. Good-night." 

Miss Pringle; — went. 

Diana purchases a wardrobe and goes to 
Switzerland for a few weeks of perfect care- 
lessness, captivates Captain Bretherton, who 
believes her to be an heiress, and when that 
gentleman proposes marriage she paralyzes 
him by a frank confession and also by some 
candid opinions as to his own utter worth- 
lessness and incapacity to earn an honest 
living. Now we are a little in doubt whether 
the gallant captain is more in love with Diana 
than with her supposed money, but her taunts 
open up a new idea to him, and when Diana 
returns ignominiously and pennilessly to her 
London drudgery Bretherton follows her and 
puts his incapacity to earn a living to the test. 
He finds that the situation is just as Diana 
had said. Placing his income resolutely upon 
one side, he enters on a few painful, but salu- 
tary weeks of destitution and starvation, and 
when he eventually meets Diana at night on 
the Thames embankment and in a similar 
condition of misery through her failure to 
get a situation, we find that both these young 
people have acquired a brand of wisdom so 
largely identical that to separate again would 
be an obvious pity. We like the story be- 
cause it shows the evolution of a real man 
from a somewhat contemptible society fop. 
It leads us to hope that there may be quite 
a few real men in "society" circles, however 
startling such a theory may be. We also like 
the story for its directness and general liter- 
ary merit. 

A Soldier's Letters to Charming Nellie, by J. 
B. Polley. Published by the Neale Pub- 
lishing Company, New York and Wash- 
ington ; $2. 

The author belonged to Hood's Texas Bri- 
gade and he explains that the lady to whom 
these letters were addressed "was no more a 
myth from 1861 to 1869 than now, when, a 
gray-haired wife, mother and grandmother, 
she presides with the grace and dignity of the 
truest womanhood over the home made for 
her by the gallant officer of the Tennessee 
army whom she married. . . . Her letters 
kept him so advised of all that was occurring 
in Texas, and were so friendly, entertaining, 
and altogether 'charming' that, without leave 
or license, he substituted that adjective for 
the more conventional 'miss. 1 " 

The letters are certainly good, and fortu- 
nate was the lady who received them and 
whose portrait forms the frontispiece to the 
volume. They give a succinct and intelligent 
history of the famous brigade and the part 
that it played from the beginning to the end 
of the war. 

Old Mr. Davenant's Money, by Frances 
Powell. Published by Charles Scribner's 
Sons, New York; $1.50. 
The idea of this story is not entirely new, 
but the subtle skill with which it is worked 
out is admirable. Early in the book we 
recognize some undefinable mystery about the 
character of Paul Davenant, fascinating in its 
way, but yet so unvirile. We begin to under- 
stand why Pauline is so solemnly warned not 
to fall in love with her cousin, and we awake 
to the full inwardness of the situation when 
we learn that Paul is the survivor of twins, 
a boy and a girl, and that the whole of the 
fortune enjoyed by Paul would have been di- 
verted from the family had the male infant 
died instead of the female. We are allowed 
to use our imagination to the full, but in the 
face of Mrs. Davenant's repeated assertions 
that she had seen to it that her surviving 
child had inherited the whole of Mr. Dave- 
nant's money and that if she had to live her 
life over again she would act exactly as she 
had done, we feel that the mystery has been 
very delicately explained. 

Just a little on CHEESE is delicious. It 
adds zest to Welsh Rarebits, Macaroni with 
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July 4, 1908. 


Two "Prisoner of Zenda " Stories. 

The novelistic vein originally discovered by 
Anthony Hope is still being worked to advan- 
tage and the ore is still of a high grade. 
Most of these stories have a distinct merit. 
There is nothing morbid in them and they 
are therefore wholesome. They are full of 
vigor and action and their heroes and 
heroines are real warm blooded and valiant 
men and women. 

"The Princess Dehra," by John Reed Scott, 
is a story of the disputed sovereignty of 
Lotzenia. The claimants are the Duke of 
Lotzen, who is a bold, bad man, and Armand, 
Archduke of Valeria, who is practically an 
American by education and sentiment. 
Armand, being a man of sense, intends to 
marry the Princess Dehra, who becomes 
regent during the search for the late king's 
dying testament, and the Princess Dehra, 
being a woman of sense, intends to marry the 
Archduke Armand, whether or no. 

Plots and counterplots are admirably told. 
There are duels — even the princess fights a 
duel — subterranean passages, attempted assas- 
sinations, and marvelous escapes, but all 
these gentle incidents fall into place without 
jar and the gore is left to the imagination. 
"Princess Dehra" is a thoroughly good story, 
amongst the best of its kind. It is published 
by the J. B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, 
and the price is $1.50. 

But "Zollenstein," by W. B. M. Ferguson, 
is just as good. A young soldier of fortune 
is persuaded to go to Zollenstein — both Zol- 
lenstein and Lot2enia are somewhere in the 
neighborhood of Zenda and easily found on 
the map — in order to personate the young 
heir to the throne while that hopeful is being 
found. It says much for the skill of the 
author that not until we are well into the 
story does it dawn upon us that Mortimer, 
thus accidentally chosen, is in very truth the 
missing heir, although he is the last to sus- 
pect his royal birth and heritage. Indeed, if 
truth must be told, he seems a little stupid 
about it. Of course he falls in love with the 
Princess Zenia — and who wouldn't, in spite of 
that young lady's royal temper ? — and it is 
only when his own identity finally dawns upon 
him that he claims a heart that has already 
been given to him. We should have liked 
Zenia just a little better had she been willing 
to marry plain Mr. Mortimer as well as to 
love him, but then princesses have their draw- 
backs just like other people. "Zollenstein" is 
published by D. Appleton & Co., New York. 
Price, $1.50. 

Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip. 
It is not surprising to learn that the Rus- 
sian authorities do not permit "As The Hague 
Ordains : Journal of a Russian Prisoner's Wife 
in Japan," to get into the Czar's dominions. 
Possibly it is also of some interest to note 
that the author has received 110 book notices 
of which he says that but one was distinctly 
hostile. Although this book was at the time 
one of Messrs. Henry Holt & Co.'s best selling 
books, still the announcement of Miss Eliza 
Ruhamah Scidmore as its author seems to 
have still further stimulated interest in it. 
and the publishers are already announcing the 
sixth printing of this vivid, and often witty, 

Admirers of "plain John Morley" are likely 
to experience something of a shock when they 
come on a book bearing on its title page the 
name "Viscount Morley of Blackburn." The 
author of the lives of Cobden and Gladstone 
is to appear in literature under this style for 
the first time in a book to be published before 
the end of the month by the Macmillans. It 
is a volume of collected papers and will ap- 
pear as Volume IV of the author's "Miscel- 

General readers, as well as teachers of psy- 
chology, will be interested in the new and 
thoroughly revised edition, from new plates, 
of Professor J. R. Angell's "Text-Book of 
General Psychology," which is announced by 
Messrs. Henry Holt & Co. for early publica- 
tion. Few writers on the subject combine 
scholarship with clearness of statement in a 
higher degree than Professor Angell. The 
book has had a phenomenal success. 

New Publications. 
Duffield & Co., New York, have published 
"The Damsel and the Sage," by Elinor Glyn. 

"My £nemy the Motor," by Julian Street, is 
an amusing sketch of an automobile journey. 
It is told in "eight honks and one crash'' 
and is published by the John Lane Company, 
New York. 

Those who wish to know how small is the 
love between Anarchists and Socialists should 
read "Anarchism and Socialism,' by George 
Plechanoff, translated by Eleanor Marx Ave- 
ling and published by Charles H. Kerr & Co., 

"Tommy Brown, a Bad Boy's Memoirs," 
by Aitken Murray, has been published by R. 
F. Fenno & Co., New York. Tommy says 
"misch'ef just comes sprouting out of me," 
and h : speaks the plain, unvarnished truth. 
Price. 75 cents. 

'The Adventures of Charles Edward," 

rrison Rhodes, we have a series of short 

all of them about Charles Edward 

Austin and Lady Angela. These stories are 
distinctly clever and original and very far 
above the average. Published by Little, 
Brown & Co., Boston; $1.50. 

To the Pioneers in Education Series has 
been added a volume on Michel de Montaigne, 
by Gabriel Corapayre. It will be remembered 
that the series consists of six volumes — Rous- 
seau, Spencer, Pestalozzi, Herbart, Mann, and 
Montaigne. They are all by Gabriel Com- 
payre and tneir efficiency should recommend 
them to the scholastic world. But how about 
Froebel and still others? The series is pub- 
lished by Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., New 
York. Price, 90 cents per volume. 

In "The New Plato," by Thomas L. Masson, 
the author tries to imagine how the Greek 
philosopher would talk and catechise if he 
were to find himself in the New York of to- 
day and confronted with some modern prob- 
lems. The attempt is somewhat audacious, 
but it has a large measure of success. We 
are not affronted by flippancy, while a care- 
ful and conscientious intention is always evi- 
dent. The book is published by Moffat, Yard 
& Co., New York. Price, 75 cents. 

as the government agent. Will R. Walling as 
the land-jumper, Burt Wesner as the padre, 
Howard Hickman as the CastiHan dandy from 
Monterey, and all the other Alcazar favorites 
in their former respective roles will make 
"The Rose of the Rancho" a welcome attrac 


To those who have followed with pleased 
interest the career of the Princess Theatre 
since it became the home of comic opera, the 
production of the extravaganza, "It Happened 
in Nordland," merely confirms the belief that 
the management of the playhouse is deter- 
mined to reach the highest excellence, regard- 
less of expense and incessant effort. To those 
who are newly acquainted with the theatre 
and its company the offering is as well a sur- 
prise and a delight, and to those (if there be 
any) who have yet to learn of the character 
of the attractions presented it may be com- 
mended as a bright, tuneful piece of fun, 
given by a long list of capable artists, and 
much superior in beauty and strength of cho- 
rus work, in costuming, stage settings, and 
light effects, to anything of the sort offered 
here by a traveling company. 

"It Happened in Nordland" was written by 
Glen MacDonough and Victor Herbert for 
Lew Field's New York Theatre, and in its 
transplanting there has been preserved much 
of the Broadway flavor and spirit. It is 
doubtful if a more evenly balanced cast was 
seen in its first production. Among those es- 
pecially prominent in the music and fun-mak- 
ing at the Princess are Julius Steger, William 
Burress, May Boley, Christina Nielsen, Zoe 
Barnett (whose return was enthusiastically 
welcomed), Sarah Edwards, and Arthur Cun- 
ningham. Selli Simonsen, the new conductor, 
is more than efficient. No brief notice or ex- 
tended review even can do justice to the show. 
It should be seen. The theatre has been 
filled every night, so far, and the run promises 
to be a long and eminently successful one. 

G. L. S. 

The programme at the Orpheum next week 
will have for its chief feature, "A Night On 
a Houseboat." The other new acts will be the 
Patty Frank Troupe, seven in number, Mr. 
and Mrs. George A. Beane, who with the as- 
sistance of Master Deering Beane, will pre- 
sent a dramatic sketch, entitled "A Woman's 
Way," and Bertie Herron, the original Min- 
strel Miss. Jean Marcel, whose bas reliefs 
and living statuary have attracted attention, 
will present a series of new subjects. Next 
week will be the last of Leipzig, the conjuror, 
Grant and Hoag, and of Fred Bond and Fre- 
mont Benton in their farce, "Handkerchief 
No. 15." New motion pictures will conclude 
the performance. 

The return to San Francisco of Henry Mil- 
ler in "The Great Divide" will be welcomed 
by local playgoers. In his new play Mr. Mil- 
ler has a role absolutely novel to him in its 
footlight type. He will be seen in the char- 
acter of a rough Arizona miner, a rugged and 
a virile type, bordering in its earliest phases 
almost upon elemental barbarism or lawless 
violence. The evolution of this man, Stephen 
Ghent, who has lived "hard and careless" on 
the top of the Rockies into noble manhood is 
depicted by Mr. Miller, it is said, with realism 
and sturdy characterization. 

There will be no Sunday performances dur- 
ing the Henry Miller season at the Van Ness 
Theatre. Matinees will be given on Satur- 
days only. 

There are some well-known names in the 
list of players to appear at the Actors' Fund 
benefit next Thursday afternoon at the Van 
Ness Theatre. Among the more notable are 
Henry Miller, Margaret Illington, May Rob- 
son, Bruce McRae, Hilda Spong. Julius Steger, 
Camille D'Arville, Arthur Cunningham. May 
Bowley, Frederick Bond. 

"The Rose of the Rancho" will be revived 
at the Alcazar next Sunday afternoon for 
eleven performances, including three matinees. 
Bessie Barriscale as Juanita, Bertram Lytell 

Sir Charles Santley in his "Art of Singing" 
combats the opinion that tobacco is injurious 
to the voice. He once thought so himself, 
"but," he says, "I changed my tune when in- 
digestion and domestic bliss began to inter- 
fere with my work and temper. I was ad- 
vised to try the soothing effect of tobacco. I 
did, and in a short time I could digest ten- 
penny nails, anything, even slighting remarks 
made about the weed by feeble-minded 
scoffers, and I bore the squalling of the baby 
and smashing of crockery, not to mention 
other little disturbances, with perfect equa- 

■«* — 

It is estimated that the number of rats in 
the United Kingdom is 30,000,000. The an- 
nual loss caused by them is $25,000,000 and 
the cost of repressive measures each year in 
London is $50,000. 


Irving Institute and conservatory of Music 

Boarding and Day School for Girls 

2126 California St., San Francisco 

Music, languages, art, elocution. Primary, 
grammar, high school, and advanced grades. 
Accredited by the universities. Twenty-ninth 
year. Non-sectarian. New term opens Mon- 
day, August 3. 


Oakland Conservatory of Music 

1170 Madison Street, Oakland, Cat. 
The largest, oldest established, and most 
thoroughly equipped school of genuine musical 
instruction on the Pacific Coast. 

Conducted on the lines of the most noted 
European and Eastern schools. 
Full prospectus on application. 



Palo Alto, Cal. 

Prepares boys for the universities or busi- 
ness life. Ample grounds. Three buildings. 
Illus. catalogue. 16th vear. Opens Aug. 24 
J. LEROV DIXON, Principal. 


Boarding and Day School for Boys 
2207 Dwight Way. Berkeley, Cat 

Fall term opens August 24 
J. H. WHITE, Principal 

SNBLL SEMINARY 2721 <£jX' w « 

Girls' boarding and day school. Certificate 
admits to University of California, Stanford, 
and Eastern colleges. Opens August 10. Su- 
perb location. Outdoor life. 


Golden Gate Kindergarten Association 

(Accredited by State Board of Education) 



Address: 1S44 Polk Street 

Miss Harker's School 

Home and Day School for Girls. Certificate 
admits to College. Excellent Departments in 
Music and Art. New building, thoroughly mod- 
ern, steam heated. Address, 

MISS HARKER. Palo Alto, Cal. 



Get "Improved," no tacks required. 

Wood Rollers Tin Rollers 


Bear the script name of 

art Hartshorn on label. 

C. A. Murdock & Co. 


The Argonaut a sample of our output 


Phcine Ktarnj .'■■■JO 

When we decided to publish 
these three stories we felt 
confident we had a 

Our confidence in this 
trio has been more than 
justified by their recep- 
tion every- 






"'The Silver Blade,' without being 
cheaply sensational, is about the most com- 
pelling detective story of recent years. 
And, despite the fact that the figure of such 
stories is more or less prescribed, this one 
has an individuality of its own." 


" Randall Parrish's former stories proved 
him to be of the stuff of which good novel- 
ists are made; but ' Prisoners of Chance' is 
in every respect a notable advance upon his 
previous work. 'Prisoners of Chance' is 
like a breath from the wilderness blowing 
down a city street." 


" ' Into the Primitive' carries the reader 
along a course of human development 
where the struggle for bare existence brings 
to the surface animating motives in three 
souls. This is one of the most exciting 
adventure stories of the year." 

July 4, 1908. 




By Josephine Hart Phelps. 

As ever and always Mrs. Fiske is a painful 
pleasure. The New Alcazar Theatre is too 
large for a player of her peculiarly unique 
methods. Her technique is like a fine mosaic, 
full of detail that repays examination with a 
microscope. But it does not always fully 
reach the ordinary avenues of perception. 
Glue our opera glasses to our eyes as we may, 
strain our ears as we must, still we can not 
hear and see all that we would. 

It was actually felt as a luxury when Re- 
becca West was absent for a time from the 
stage, and we recaptured the novel sensation 
of seeing and hearing perfectly during the 
long scene between Rosmer and Kroll, in 
which the fine acting and perfect distinctness 
of Messrs Forrest and Mellish were grati- 
fyingly mingled. 

"Rosmersholm," in stage guise, reveals itself 
to us as less dramatic than when read as 
fiction. The political issues which figure as 
subjects of so many conversations are remote 
from and uncomprehended by the general 
public. They are as long-dead questions in- 
capable of revivification. But what was al- 
ways the real, living question to Ibsen, the 
right of individual liberty, irrespective of 
parties, creeds, or conventions, is one of the 
animating motives of the play. And, strangely 
• enough, the question is left either unsolved, or 
settled in the negative of Ibsen's convictions, 
according to the way the beholder chooses to 
take it. This mingling of uncertainty and 
negation is one of the points that makes 
"Rosmersholm" so much less truly dramatic 
than Ibsen's better-known plays, and which 
has, no doubt, tended to bar it from a fre- 
quent stage representation. 

The play tells a dark and dreary story. A 
suffering, martyred wife, displaced by an in- 
terloper of coldly intellectual purpose, a hus- 
band who is made by the fascinating schemer 
to believe in the unsettlement of his wife's 
reason. The wife, influenced of fixed purpose 
by the interloper, solves her problems by sui- 
cide, and the schemer comes to learn that the 
love born in her heart for the unconsciously 
wronged husband constitutes her torment in- 
stead of her emancipation. 

Fof Rebecca West, apo»tle of free will, and 
fixed denier of man's right to prohibit her 
from the things she covets, develops a con- 
science. She can not marry the man whose 
wife she has virtually killed, she can not 
abandon him. So there the two live in guilt- 
less communion at Rosmersholm, where the 
woman is seen as a ruling but enigmatic pres- 
ence. There, again, is dramatic ineffective- 
ness. As in "Lady Inger of Ostrat," Ibsen 
allows the audience to be too much in the 
dark. No opportunity is afforded us until the 
third act to solve the enigma. Except to 
those who have read the play — and the theory 
is that every play should come as a surprise — 
there is no chance to learn whether Rebecca's 
mission in that household is noble or ignoble. 
That it is a very significant fact, and one 
of dominant influence, is made apparent not 
only by Rosmer and Kroll's words, but by the 
suggestion of strong individuality which is 
carried about by that otherwise dainty little 

Mrs. Fiske is as restless as an amateur play- 
ing housemaid, and all her nervous tricks are 
in evidence — her lip-fapping fingers, her side- 
excursioning tongue, her quick, purposeless 
movements, her constant interruptions, so that 
continually her speech runs parallel with that 
of the player who shares her scene. Yet with 
that overmastering strength of will which 
allows her to do with us as she will in the 
climactic moments of the drama, Mrs. Fiske 
bends these mannerisms to her immediate pur- 
pose, and causes them to appear as manifesta- 
tions of a sea of perturbed thought under 
Rebecca West's outward calm. I know of no 
player on the stage today who can so exas- 
perate an audience by her un-get-at-able-ness. 
I never felt easy and comfortable in my life 
while listening to Mrs. Fiske, except in the 
toy Colonial Theatre. 

Listening to her during her memorably- 
agonizing engagement at the Grand Opera 
House was slow martyrdom. People gave it 
all up, and conversed freely during the per- 
formance, exchanging sentiments of mutual 
discomfort. Some of the sufferers have de- 
clined ever seeing her again, fearing to repeat 
the experience. And if they had to sit in or 
near the critics' row, I would strongly advise 
them to stick to their determination. "That 
way madness lies." In fact, there is no use 
going to see Mrs. Fiske with the purpose of 

enjoying her acting unless one has a good 
seat, well near the stage. 

Yet, when she grips us, how she grips us. 
Her face is a constantly changing picture, full 
of fleeting meanings, and rich with latent sug- 
gestion. When the moment of wild revolt 
against the cruel pressure of Kroll's dis- 
coveries comes, and later the confession, we 
had again that rare sensation which she al- 
ways gives us in her great moments ; that 
thrilling perception of a soul leaping up, like 
the fires of a conflagration, and snowing itself 
in the heroic glow of a great conflict, and a 
great resolve. 

Yet we had long to wait for the big mo- 
ment. And when it was past, and the end 
came, it came with a certain lameness. There 
should be nothing tame in seeing two human 
beings full of life and still young and loving, 
join hands and walk calmly out in the dark- 
ness to voluntary death in the mill-race. But 
it seemed needless, and offered no solution. 
The true expiation was separation. Rebecca 
West, by her own act, had barred herself from 

But Ibsen wished to show how this strange, 
enigmatic being, hitherto firmly planted in an 
arrogant conviction as to her intellectual and 
moral liberty, humbly could put aside a life- 
time's conviction and practice, and pass 
calmly to death, simply as a proof of the 
might and supremacy of her love. 

Yet, as I said, it seemed needless and that 
because the meanings of the play do not carry 
well dramatically. I do not doubt that people 
who are sincerely interested in the more in- 
tellectual phases of the drama, but who are 
not well up in Ibsen, will feel compelled to 
read the play carefully over to find what Ibsen 
is getting at. One thing they will discover. 
And that is, that Ibsen himself was not quite 
sure. The play seems to reflect a season of 
doubt and discouragement on the author's 
part. The absence of concreteness in the 
vague views held by Rebecca West, the failure 
of Pastor Rosmer, her convert, to be accept- 
able to the liberals for purely materialistic 
reasons, the unworthiness of Mortensgard, 
spokesman for the Liberals, all these seem to 
point to the idea of a conflict between ethical 
and intellectual convictions. But the victory 
is for neither side, save that won by Rebecca 
West over her insurgent heart, when self goes 
down, and a purified love is in the ascendant. 
That love, and the woman's capacity for 
strong emotion, was first made manifest in 
the third act, when its influence impelled her 
to confess. Rebecca at last emerges from her 
stoic calm, the confession of her malevolent 
influence on Beata coming suddenly, and with 
it all those reserves of acting power which 
made the scene stand out from the hazy ob- 
scurity suddenly and strongly, like invisible 
writing made legible through chemical action. 
As is her custom, Mrs. Fiske has brought 
out with her a first-class company. Arthur 
Forrest, whom we remember as the leading 
man during Hilda Spong's first engagement 
here in "Wheels Within Wheels" and "Lady 
Huntworth's Experiment," takes the very dif- 
ferent role of Pastor Rosmer with that ease 
and readiness which always characterizes the 
trained actor's acceptance of the role of a 
cleric. Mr. Forrest reminds me of Otis Skin- 
ner in the role of the French priest. Like 
him, he is unable to deal in silent suggestion, 
but a master in the technique of the more 
refinedly obvious style and therefore not un- 
like him in a tendency toward over-emphasis 
of gesture and facial expression. In the role 
of Pastor Rosmer he has many long and tax- 
ing scenes, which he worthily sustained. 

Fuller Mellish is a first-class character 
actor, and gave a striking impersonation of 
the old pastor who is as strongly rooted in 
prejudice as in dogma, looking the militant 
English cleric to the life. 

An almost equally striking study was that 
of Albert Bruning's Brendel, who, however, 

fails to be comprehensible to an ordinary 
American audience, and William Norton's 
Mortensgard was a carefully consistent por- 
trait of the insincere banner-bearer of the 
Liberal party. 

Artistically tasteful and fitting, the settings, 
with their accessories of carved furniture, 
stained glass, and family portraits, gave the 
proper impression of rich, sober dignity ap- 
propriate to the home of a wealthy old family. 

At the Greek Theatre. 

There can be no doubt about the popularity 
of military band concerts in the Greek 
Theatre at Berkeley. Last Saturday night 
there were more than six thousand people in 
the big auditorium and they gave rousing ap- 
plause to each number of the Third United 
States Artillery Band. The night, the first of 
a series of six, was a big success. Professor 
Armes struck the right theory when he said 
that the people wanted good popular music at 
popular prices. 

The audience was a cultured one. Sousa 
got a dollar a head for just about the same 
programme. But Sousa didn't play to as 
many opera cloaks and fancy dresses as did 
Bandleader Armand Putz and his regimental 
aggregation of trained musicians. Miss Helen 
Colburn Heath, the soloist of the evening, 
was more than well received. She had to 
respond to two encores after singing her 
Michaela song from "Carmen." 

The programme for the second concert, 
which will be given on the night of the Fourth 
of July, will be mainly of patriotic music. A 
full military band playing patriotic music in 
the classic Greek Theatre on the evening of 
the anniversary of the nation's birth will be 
something worth hearing, and under the ar- 
rangements being made by Professor Armes 
the sight in the big auditorium that night will 
be something worth seeing. 

The Greek Theatre will no doubt present 
a pretty sight. An attendance of close to 
10,000 is expected. The seating capacity of 
the chair section will be increased from 1000 
to 3000. 

L. A. Larsen, the popular Bohemian Club 
baritone, will be the soloist of the evening. 
He will sing "My Own United States" to the 
accompaniment of the band.' 


In relating his impressions of King Edward, 
M. Noel Dorville, the black-and-white artist, 
tells how, while drawing the king's portrait at 
Buckingham Palace for the Entente Souvenir 
Album, his majesty criticised his work with 
great discrimination, remarking : "We have 
rather artistic tastes in my family. The 
queen, my mother, drew very well, and I 
myself wielded the pencil when a boy. 
Apropos, how do you fix your drawings, mon- 
sieur? I used to fix them simply with milk, 
and remember that during some of my first 
attempts I drank the milk instead of using it 
for the drawings." 

Germany sold 552 big locomotives and 395 
small locomotives during the last year, and 
about 3600 tons of locomotive parts. The 
whole brought in nearly $9,000,000. Italy 
was the largest customer, with France next, 
and then Brazil, the Argentine Republic, and 

Henry Miller has in rehearsal his new play 
entitled "Mater," the work of Percey Mackaye 
which is to follow "The Great Divide" at the 
Van Ness Theatre. Isabel Irving will play 
the leading role in this production. 

A feature of the big benefit to be given next 
Thursday afternoon at the Van Ness Theatre 
in aid of the Actors' Fund of America will be 
the one-act burlesque on the trial scene from 
"The Merchant of Venice." 

fc *■ *-+*******^*-#** ******* 


of the season's sports, thousands will, 
under the heat and fatigue, feel the 
need of cheer and comfort. 



will be first sought for Health and 
Hospitality, and it gives this hint — 
"Take a Dainty Hunter Julep" with 
its fresh and fragrant mint. 


Agents for California and Nevada, 

912-914 Folsom St., San Francisco, Cal. 





under auspices of Musical and Dramatic Com- 
mittee of the University of California 


Second in popular series 
by the famous 


Best and largest band in American army 

assisted by 

L. A. LARSEN, the distinguished baritone 

Admission 25 cents 8 to 10 p. m. 

6,000 attended. last Saturday 



Absolutely Class A Theatre Builduig 

Week beginning this Sunday afternoon 

Matinee Every Day 


New York Vaudeville Hit; 7— PATTY FRANK 
LEIPZIG: GRANT and HOAG; New Orpheum 
Motion Pictures; Last Week and Great 
Comedy Hit of FRED BOND and FREMONT 
BENTON, in their laughable farce, "Handker- 
chief No. 15." 

Evening prices, 10c, 25c, 50c, 75c. Box 
seats, $1. Matinee prices (except Sundays and 
holidays), 10c, 25c, 50c. Phone, WEST 6000. 


1 S. LOVERICH, Manager 

CUss "A" Theatre 

Phone West 663 

Matinee Saturday and Sunday 


Lew Field's Musical Extravaganza Success 


Special Engagement of 

And all the Princess favorites in the cast 
Popular prices — Evenings, 25c, 50c, 75c. 
Mats, (except Sundays and holidays), 25c, 50c. 


*1 BE 


BELASC0 & MATER, Owners and Managers 

Corner Sorter and Steiner Sts. Absolute Class "A" bldg. 

Sixty-Ninth Week of the Alcazar Stock Co. 
Commencing SUNDAY AFTERNOON, July 5 
For Eight Nights and Three Matinees 
Revival of the play of early California life 
Ey David Belasco and Richard Walton Tully 
Prices: Evenings, 25c to $1. Matinees, 25c to 
50c. Matinee Sunday and Saturday. 
Monday, July 13— MR. WHITE WHIT- 
TLESEY and the Alcazar Players in "His 
Grace Du Grammont," by Clyde Fitch. 



and Grove St 

Phone Market 500 

Matinees Saturdays Only 

The Henry Miller Season 

During the first two weeks will be presented 


Ey William Vaughn Moody 
500 Nights in New York City 
Mr. Miller as Stephen Ghent 
Next play — "Mater." 

Peyton Chemical Co. 

Purchasers and Smelters of 
Rooms 657 and 638 Mills Building, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 
Smelter and Works at Peyton, Contra Costa 
Co., Cal.; P. O., Martinez. 

Mild, Rich 


Sanchez y Haya 

Clear Havana 

Factory No. 1 Tampa, Fla. 

Tillmann & Bendel 

Pacific Slope Distributers 


July 4, 1908 


The London Tribune says a few things 
about the status of women's clubs in Paris 
which score heavily on the side of the French- 
woman's domesticity. A branch of the popu- 
lar Lyceum Club of London was recently 
opened in Paris in the Rue de la Bienfoisance 
and its reception has been a unique epoch 
in the history of women's clubs. Women's 
clubs have long been heard of in Paris, along 
with extension-soled boots, corsetless figures, 
and other such impossibilities that seem 
corollary to the club. But no Frenchwoman 
had ever thought of establishing a club, for 
the reason that she would not have known 
what to do with it when she had it. It re- 
mained, therefore, for the Lyceum to spread 
its influence in the form of a branch club to 
its French sisters. The interest evinced by 
both men and women in this new venture 
seemed to promise an immediate success for 
the Lyceum fledgling. Every one was eager 
to hear about it, its aims, its raison d'etre, its 
constitution and by-laws. "This is going to 
fill a long-felt need in the life of the French- 
woman," the commiserating Lyceumines said. 
"Herein lies the antidote for the Parisienne's 
apparent hopeless frivolity." But to the 
amazement of the English women, when the 
lists were opened for membership after the 
novelty of the club receptions had worn off, 
the interest in the Paris branch ceased. Their 
curiosity satisfied as to what it would be like 
if they should belong to a woman's club, they 
let it severely alone. All the eloquence of 
the English tongue, all the statistics showing 
the philanthropy dispensed, all the rows of 
dog-eared Ibsens, did not avail to answer the 
wide-eyed Parisienne's "Pourquoi?" These 
English women might read and study and do 
all these things if they chose, to be sure, but 
"why?" Also they might deliberately make 
by-laws to exclude the society of the other 
sex if they liked, but again "why ?" And 
above all, even though this might be their idea 
of mental improvement and social advance- 
ment, why should they want to foist it upon 
Paris ? Why should these women have spa- 
cious clubrooms, luxuriously appointed, where 
tea is served and every facility provided for 
enjoyment without leaving themselves any- 
thing to enjoy? Well-gowned, well-groomed, 
attractive women they certainly were, discuss- 
ing politics and remodeling the map of the 
world over their tea-cups with never a wan- 
dering glance toward the door, never an 
honest yawn over the bonneted heads, never 
a thrill at the approach of a familiar footstep. 
What was it all for anyway ? the befogged 
Frenchwoman asked. If some unfortunate 
chance might make it necessary for these 
women to settle the affairs of the universe 
over their five-o'clock tea, why exclude the 
men? Or if the men must be excluded be- 
cause of some sort of English prejudice why 
such .grooming and gowning ? Mme. La 
France's eyes grew wider and wider over 
these paradoxical problems until with her all- 
conclusive shrug she put the Paris Dranch of 
the Lyceum Club quite out of her mind and 
addressed herself to more important things. 

The club bee, however, was not wholly dis- 
missed from the Paris bonnet. The Lyceum 
found its metier on a lower level, for the 
working women of France needed the club, 
not to stimulate independent thought, merely 
as a cooperative eating association. The 
value of concerted action, suggested by the 
leaders of the Lyceum, was taken up by the 
humbler classes, the women employed in 
offices, or the clerical department of the big 
shops, with a mere stipend with which to 
satisfy a healthy appetite tor a mid-day meal. 
To this class of women the club has proved a 
good and useful thing in the form of an 
eating-house — the qualification for member- 
ship a robust appetite. Several o"f these clubs 
exist now in the vicinity of the shopping dis- 
tricts and during the mid-day hours seats at 
their long tables are at a premium. These 
women, reduced by necessity to consider the 
sterner phases of life, can lunch with so re- 
grets in a woman's club, providing the club- 
bing makes their meals cheaper. There is 
nothing here, however, that suggests anything 
like the club atmosphere. The women eat 
hurriedly, chatting little between bites, and 
leave for office or shop with never a moment's 
lounging in the waiting-rooms, and not 3 per 
cent of the members of these clubs, we are 
told, make any use of the reading-rooms pro- 
vided for them. The idea of club life simply 
does not exist in the Frenchwoman's mind ; 
her day's work finished, she goes to her home, 
cheerless as it may be, and although light, 
warmth, and books are at her command at the 
club she never dreams of stopping there for 
an evening. This rechaud club, successful as 
long as it offers no reading-rooms or social 
diversions, marks the point of divergence be- 
tween the French and English woman's point 
of view. If a Frenchwoman must work in 
office or shop her day's routine is merely inci- 
dental to the home life her earnings make 
possible. The end and aim of her training 
has been all her life that to have a home of 
her own is the highest reward of her earthly 
goodne?? — the greatest blessing that can be- 
fall he.. Why, then, if she has a home, be it 
ever .■ ? humble, quit it for the imitation ? 
f between her own four walls she may 
-he society of father, husband, and 
-, should she resort to an Adamless 

Eden, however well appointed? And why 
when the summuin botium of her womanhood 
is the acquiring of a home of her own, should 
she fly in the face of Providence by seeking 
the cloister-like seclusion of the woman's 
club? _^____^ 

A direct derivative of this anti-club instinct 
on the part of the Frenchwoman may be her 
love of display. Or vice-versa her love of 
displaying her grooming and gowning makes 
a woman's club "stale, flat, and unprofitable" 
for no other reason than that it is a woman's 
club. The gay Parisienne, most charming of 
women, not because she is beautiful but be- 
cause she knows how to make everything in 
nature help her to be beautiful, demands the 
admiration of the masculine eye as her own 
inalienable right and droops and pines without 
it To achieve this admiration, she must, of 
course, be charming, with or without the 
blessing of facial beauty. She is therefore 
chic from the top curl of her coiffure to the 
toe of her boot. The business of her life is 
to cultivate grace of movement, and there is 
never a visible corner or angle. She must be 
all curves of beauty and grace. But above 
all her life of attention to detail has taught 
her how to wear her clothes and make the 
best of them, whether they be simple or fine. 
The Frenchwoman, with a world-old philoso- 
phy of color, thinks in harmonious shades. 
She could never express a jarring note in 
color effects, because in this point she is born 
a true artist, expressing grace in thought as 
well as pose. With something akin to rev- 
erence for color, the putting together of 
shades or lustres is a thing to be undertaken 
in a serious frame of mind. The right touch 
of brilliance or the dash of black to give char- 
acter to a combination means more to the 
Frenchwoman than the woman of any other 
nationality, because it also expresses its full 
value to the Frenchman. Fancy, therefore, 
madame or mademoiselle, the serious business 
of the toilette accomplished, repairing to the 
Paris branch of the Lyceum Club, consciously 
a symphony in shades, a poem in pastels, 
from which monsieur, by a set of by-laws, is 
excluded! The Lyceum Club, excellent on 
English soil, is the gorgeous English poppy 
transplanted to alien surroundings, where, 
misunderstood, it withers and falls until its 
flaunting petals flutter into the meanest high- 
ways to gladden perhaps the hearts of the 
poorer classes but misses the proud place to 
which it believed itself destined. 

When Mrs. Taft is called upon to preside 
over the White House she will find herself 
more at home, probably, than any President's 
wife who has ever graced it. Mrs. Taft's ac- 
quaintance with the White House began long 
before Mr. Taft's appointment to the War 
Secretaryship. As Miss Herron, the daughter 
of Judge John W. Herron of Cincinnati, who 
was the law partner of Rutherford B. Hayes, 
she was a frequent guest at the White House 
and was much admired in executive circles 
for her vivacity and wit. Still a young 
woman. Mrs. Taft preserves the qualities that 
made her so attractive in her girlhood, to 
which the passing years have added dignity. 
During Mr. Taft's Cabinet life Mrs. Taft has 
been one of the most popular women in Wash- 
ington's diplomatic circles. While a thoroughly 
womanly woman, devoted to her family and 
interested actively in every detail of her 
household, Mrs. Taft has broad sympathies 
with the social and political world and has 
unbounded ambitions for her husband's ad- 
vancement. It is somewhat due to his wife's 
influence that Mr. Taft declined Mr. Roose- 
velt's offer of a seat on the Supreme Court 
bench a year or two ago. With a firm faith 
in her husband's chance for the presidential 
chair, she discouraged the appointment Mr. 
Taft seemed to regard with favor. "I am not 
ambitious to be the lady of the White House 
on my own account," Mrs. Taft has explained 
to her friends, "for such a position has dis- 
advantages as well as advantages, but of 
course I shall do all I can to further Mr. 
Taft's interests." It would be difficult to find 
a more all-round woman or one better quali- 
fied to dispense the hospitalities of the White 
House than Mrs. Taft Although never de- 
scribed as beautiful or even pretty, Mrs. Taft 
has a charming personality, with a broad, well 
disciplined mind, unfailing tact, and a rarely 
beautiful disposition. Added to this. Mrs. 
Taft is a musician of recognized ability. For 
seven years she was the president of the 
Symphony Orchestra of Cincinnati and has 
a number of medals, cups, and decorations 
that she has won in musical competitions. 
Helen Taft, the daughter of the house, has 
inherited much of her mother's charm of man- 
ner and musical talent, together with a de- 
cided bookish turn, probably from her father. 
She has recently won the Pennsylvania State 
scholarship from Baldwin School at Bryn 
Mawr to Bryn Mawr itself. She is a tall, 
graceful girl of the demi-blonde type, serious 
and thoughtful for her age, and although she 
will be just about eighteen at the time of the 
election it is quite probable that she will con- 
tinue her studies until she has completed her 
college work, even though it means the miss- 
ing of one or two social seasons. The other 
members of the Taft family are Robert, a 
sophomore at Yale, and Charles, the youngest 
of the family, both bright young fellows 
wholly unspoiled and with brains and poise 
enough to keep them so during a term of 
White House notoriety. 



Old Hickory, 
Willow and 
Prairie Grass 
Furniture for 
Verandas and 
Summer Homes 

Van Ness and Sutter 



Think of these places, of these rates, of 
the pleasure of traveling on the California 
Limited, of the joy of a stay at the Grand 
Canyon, and decide that the beck of 
happiness calls you to our office at 673 
Market St. 

DENVER AND BACK .... 55.00 

On sale September 14 and 15 

CHICAGO AND BACK - - - - 72.50 

NEW YORK AND BACK - - - 108.50 


BOSTON AND BACK .... 110.50 

ST. PAUL AND BACK - - - - 73.50 

ST. LOUIS AND BACK - - - - 67.50 

As to the dates— July 6, 7, 8, 28 and 29, 
also dates in August and September. 
Ask us and we will plan your trip. 

F. W. PRINCE, 673 Market St. 

Phone Kearny 315 

July 4, 1908. 



S. F. and North PaciEc 5% 
Market St. 1st Con. '5 »„ 
Cal. Central Gas and El. 5% 
Sacramento El. Gas and Ry. 5% 





We have a Direct Wire to N. Y. 


CISCO, 108 Sutter Street. — For the half year 
ending June 30, 1908, a dividend has been de- 
clared at the rate of four (4) per cent per an- 
num on all deposits, free of taxes, payable on 
and after Wednesday, July 1, 1908; dividends 
not called for are added to and bear the same 
rate of interest as the principal from July I, 
1908. CHARLES CARPY, President. 

gomery Street (will occupy our new building, 
Market and Mason Streets, July 27). — For the 
half year ending June 30, 1908, a dividend has 
been declared on all savings deposits, free of 
taxes, at the rate of four (4) per cent per an- 
num, payable on and after Wednesday, July 1, 
190S. Dividends not called for are added to 
and bear the same rate of interest as principal 
from Tuly 1, 1908. 

JOHN U. CALKINS, Cashier. 

LOAN SOCIETY, corner Market, McAllister 
and Jones Streets, San Francisco, June 26, 1908. 
— At a meeting of the board of directors of this 
society, held this day, a dividend has been de- 
clared at the rate of four (4) per cent per an- 
num on all deposits for the six months ending 
June 30, 1908, free from all taxes, and payable 
on and after July 1, 1908. Dividends not drawn 
will be added to depositors' accounts and be- 
come a part thereof, and will earn dividend 
from July 1, 1908. Deposits made on or before 
Julv 10, 1908, will draw interest from July 1, 
1908. R- M. TOBIN, Secretary. 

CIETY. 526 California Street. — For the half year 
ending June 30, 1908, a dividend has been de- 
clared at the rate of four (4) per cent per an- 
num on all deposits, free of taxes, payable on 
and after Wednesday, July 1, 1908. Dividends 
not called for are added to and bear the same 
rate of interest as the principal from July 1, 
1908. GEORGE TOURNY, Secretary. 

Street, near Fourth. — For the half year ending 
June 30th, 1908, a dividend has been declared 
at the rate of four (4) per cent per annum on 
all savings deposits, free of taxes, payable on 
and after Wednesday, July 1, 1908. Dividends 
not called for are added to and bear the same 
rate of interest as the principal from July 1, 
1908. W. E. PALMER, Secretary. 

CISCO, 706 Market Street, opposite Third.— 
For ihe half year ending June 30, 1908, a divi- 
dend has been declared at the rate of four (4) 
per cent per annum on all deposits, free of 
taxes, payable on and after Wednesday, July 1, 
1908. Dividends not called for are added to 
and bear the same rate of interest as the prin- 
cipal from July 1, 1908. Money deposited on or 
before July 10th will draw interest from Tuly 1, 
1908. GEORGE A. STORY, Cashier. 

Montgomery Street, corner Sutter Street. — For 
the half year ending June 30, 1908, a dividend 
has been declared at the rate of 4 per cent per 
annum on all deposits, free of taxes, pavable on 
and after Wednesday, July 1, 1908. Dividends 
not called for are added to and bear the same 
rate of interest as the principal from July 1, 
1908. WM. A. BOSTON. Cashier. 

FORNIA, 42 Montgomery Street, corner Sutter. 
— For half year ending June 30, 1908, a divi- 
dend has been declared on all deposits in the 
savings department of this bank at the rate of 
four (4) per cent per annum, payable on and 
after Wednesday, July 1, 1908; dividends not 
called for are added to and bear the same rate 
of interest as the principal from Tuly 1, 1908. 
B. G. TOGNAZZI, 'Manager. 

corner California and Montgomery Streets. — 
For the half year ending June 30th, 1908, a 
dividend has been declared at the rate per an- 
num of four and one-quarter (4J4) per cent on 
term deposits and four (4) per cent on ordinary 
deposits, free of taxes, payable on and after 
Wednesday, July 1, 1908. Depositors are en- 
titled to draw their dividends at any time during 
the succeeding half year. A dividend not drawn 
will be added to the deposit account, become a 
part thereof and earn dividend from July 1 

The Continental Building and 
Loan Association 

Market and Church Streets 

will on July 1, 1908, pay the usual interest 
of 6 per cent per annum on time deposits or 
Class C stock, 4 per cent per annum on ordi- 
nary or Class D stock. The interest on ordi- 
nary deposits, if not withdrawn, will be added 
to the principal and thereafter draw interest 
at the same rate. 


ery Street — For the half year ending Tune 30, 
1908, dividends upon all deposits at the rate of 
four (4) per cent per annum, free of taxes, will 
be payable on and after July 1, 1908. 

FRED W. RAY, Secretary. 



: and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise. 

When the late Francois Coppee was elected 
to the Academy, he told his friend, Theodore 
de Banville, that he wished he were in, too. 
Banville declined to canvass. "Suppose your 
nomination were brought to you one fine 
morning on a silver salver." "I don't know 
what I should do with the nomination," said 
Banville, "but I should certainly keep the 

A Mormon's wife, coming downstairs one 
morning, met the physician who was attend- 
ing her husband. "Is he very ill?" she asked 
anxiously. "He is." replied the physician. 
"I fear that the end is not far off." "Do you 
think," she asked hesitatingly, "do you think 
it proper that I should be at his bedside dur- 
ing his last moments?" "Yes. But I advise 
you to hurry, madam. The best places are 
already being taken." 

A Xew England clergyman was taking 
breakfast one Sunday morning in a hotel in a 
little Western town. A rough old fellow 
across the table called over to him: "Goin' to 
the races, stranger?" The clergyman replied: 
"I don't expect to." "Goin' to the ball 
game?" "No." "Well, where are you goin'?" 
"I'm going to church." "Where do you come 
from?" "New England." "Oh, that explains 
it! That's where they keep the Sabbath and 
every other blamed thing they can lay their 
hands on." 

"Long introductions when a man has a 
speech to make are a bore," said former 
Senator John C. Spooner. "I have had all 
kinds, but the most satisfactory one in my 
career was that of a German mayor of a 
small town in my State, Wisconsin. I was 
to make a political address and the opera- 
house was crowded. When it came time to 
begin the mayor got up. 'Mine friends,' he 
said, T haf asked been to introduce Senator 
Spooner, who is to make a speech, yes. Veil 
I haf dit so, und he vill now do so.' " 

At a dinner given by the prime minister of 
a little kingdom on the Balkan Peninsula, a 
distinguished diplomat complained to his host 
that the minister of justice, who had been 
sitting on his left, had stolen his watch. "Ah 
he shouldn't have done that," said the prime 
minister in tones of annoyance. "I will get it 
back for you." Sure enough, toward the end 
of the evening the watch was returned to its 
owner. "And what did he say ?" asked the 
diplomat. "Sh-h," cautioned the host, glanc 
ing anxiously about him. "He doesn't know 
that I have got it back." 

"Ah, good-morning, Windiddy !" saluted the 
white man who had just returned from a few 
weeks' absence. "I understand that you have 
buried your wife ?" "Who me ? W'y-uh 
howdy, sah !" returned the colored citizen ad- 
dressed. "No, t'anky, sah ; I isn't buried 
muh wife — dat is to say, not dis one. Yo' is 
uh-referencin' to muh third wife, I reggin, 
sah. I's u-honeymoonin' wid muh fou'th 
he'pmeet now. Yassah, I buried muh yudder 
wife, come to think about it, but dat was 
mighty nigh two weeks ago. Hatter do it, 
sah. to muh disregret, uh-kaze de lady was 

Lord Palmerston and Sir J. Paget, who told 
the story, were walking down Bond Street. A 
man came up and saluted the statesman, 
'How do you do, Lord Palmerston?" "Ah! 
how do ? Glad to see you. How's the old 
complaint?" The stranger's face clouded 
over and he shook his head. "No better." 
"Dear me; so sorry; glad to have met you. 
Good-bye." "Who's your friend ?" asked Sir 
James, when the stranger was gone. "No 
idea." "Why, you asked him about his old 
complaint." "Pooh, pooh!" replied the other, 
unconcernedly ; "the old fellow's well over 
sixty ; bound to have something the matter 
with him." 

In the late financial stringency a clerk in 
one of the New York banks was trying to 
explain to a stolid old Dutchman why the 
bank could not pay cash to depositors as for- 
merly, and was insisting that he be satisfied 
with Clearing House checks. But the old 
German could not grasp the situation, and 
finally the president of the bank was called 
upon to enlighten the dissatisfied customer. 
After a detailed explanation of the financial 
situation, the president concluded, "Now, my 
good man, you understand, don't you ?" 
"Yes," dubiously replied tne Dutchman, "I 
links I understand. It's just like dis, ven my 
baby vakes up in der night and cries for milk, 
I give her a milk-ticket." 

A young colored man asked permission of 
his employer to use the telephone, as he 
wished to speak to a colored girl employed at 
another residence. Upon receiving consent, 
he explained : "You see, it's dis way. I loves 
dat gal an' wants to ask her to marry me, 
but, 'fore de Lord! I aint got de grit to ask 
her 'word out of mouth'; an' so I wants to 
use de 'phone. I'll jest call her up. Hello ! 
Is dat Dinah?" "No. Will call her." "Hello! 
Dat you, Dinah ?" "Ye-as." "Dinah, you 

knows I thinks a heep of you." "Ye-as." 
"An' I bin tryin' to make you think a heep of 
me." "Ye-as." "I more den thinks a heep 
of you. I loves you, Dinah." "Ye-as." "Now, 
Dinah — I — er — wants to ask you if you will 
marry me?" "Ye-as, indeedy ! Who is dis 
what's talkin' to me?" 

Philosophy, says Jerome K. Jerome, is the 
art of bearing other people's troubles. The 
truest philosopher he ever heard of was a 
woman. She was brought into the London 
Hospital suffering from a poisoned leg. The 
house surgeon made a hurried examination. 
He was a man of blunt speech. "It will 
have to come off," he told her. "What, not 
all of it?" "The whole of it, I'm sorry to 
say," growled the house surgeon. "Nothing 
else for it?" "No other chance for you 
whatever," explained the house surgeon. 
"Ah well, thank Gawd it's not my 'ead," 

Realism rules the nursery. A certain 
Philadelphia matron, who had taken pains to 
inculcate biblical stories as well as ethical 
truths in her three children, heard, the other 
day, long-drawn howls of , rage and grief 
filtering down from the playroom. Up two 
flights she hurried, to find on the floor Tack 
and Ethel, voices uplifted. Thomas, aged 
nine, sat perched upon the table, his mouth 
full and his eyes guilty. "Whatever is the 
matter?" asked mamma. "Bo-o-o !" came 
from Ethel ; "we were playing Garden of 
Eden. Bo-o-o !" "But what is there to cry 
about ?" Then Jack, with furious finger 
pointing at Tom, ejaculated through his tears: 
"God's eat the apple !" 


The Spooners. 
Together we sat in a tete-a-tete, 

The prettiest girl and I. 
The light was out and the hour was late, 
For time, you know, will fly! By Jove, 

How rapidly time will fly! 

Together we sat in the welcome gloom, 

Alone, unheard, unseen, 
Though her mother was in the other room 

With a thin portiere between. 

I knew that the mother in ambush lay — 

As mothers do, it seems — 
To carry the prettiest girl away, 
Away to the land of dreams. By Jove! 

To the wonderful land of dreams. 

But the cherry-like lips of the pretty miss, 

Alas, were a tempting sight, 
And I ventured to beg for a tiny kiss — 

Just one, before "Good night." 

But the prettiest girl resented that 

In a way I'd never dreamed, 
For she airily sprang from where we sat 
And, what do you think ? She screamed ! By 

She certainly did — she screamed! 

I caught the coquette in my arms — Alack, 

For such is the way of men! — 
And gruffly demanded of her a smack, 

And then— and then— and then 

Her mother came cruelly in with a light 
And — what do you think she said? 

"Oh, come little lady, kiss daddy good-night," 

And carried her off to bed, by Jove! 
And carried the babe to bed! 

— The Bohemian Magazine. 

The Love Sonff. 

[It is said that the men of today are far less 
passionate in their love-making than their an- 

I love you, or at least I think 

That very possibly I do; 
In common honesty I shrink 

From statements not precisely true. 
But still it's safe to say I'm pretty fond of you. 

I can not swear a mighty oath 
To worship blindly till I die, 

In fact I should be rather loath 

To form so very rash a tie, 

Unless I knew a most substantial reason why. 

I shall not, with a valiant air, 

Pour out my life-blood for your good, 

Nor even boastfully declare 

That if I had the chance I would, 
Because, to tell the truth, I hardly think I should. 

No knightly deeds have I to do, 
And no impassioned words to say; 

Still, I should like to marry you, 
If you will tell me that I may, 
And also kindly name the most convenient day. 

I can't explain the thing, you know 

(They used to tell us Love was blind), 
But since it happens to be so 

Forgive my weakness, and be kind, 
Or, if you're not that way disposed — well, never 
mind! — Punch. 

Ezekiel, a Florida darky, had no stockings, 
so the night before Christmas he hung his 
trousers in the chimney of the tumble-down 
shack that he calls home. Christmas morning 
a Northern lady, calling at the cabin with 
some presents for the family, was greeted by 
Ezekiel's doleful face protruding from a nar- 
row opening in the door. After wishing him 
a merry Christmas, the lady asked him what 
presents he had received. "Ah reckon Ah 
must have got er nigger," said Ezekiel. "Mah 
pants is gone." 

A. Hirschman. 

For fine jewelry and silverware. 
Van Ness Avenue. 

Savings Bank 


San Francisco, Cal. 

Authorized Capital - $1,000,000.00 
Paid-up Capital - - 500,000.00 

Surplusand Undivided Profits 313,000.00 

40 / Interest 
/Q Per Annum 

Interest at the Rate of 4 per cent, per annum 

was paid on Deposits for Six Months 

ending Dec 31, 1907 


Wm. Babcock, S. L. Abbot, O. D. Baldwin, 
Joseph D. Grant, E. J. McCutchen, L. F. Mon- 
teagle, R. H. Pease, Warren D. Clark, Jas. L. 
Flood, Fred W. Ray, J. A. Donohoe, Jacob 


French Savings Bank 

The French Savings Bank Building, 108-110 
Sutter Street. 

occupies offices in the same building. 

Officers — Charles Carpy, President; Arthur 
Legallet, Vice-President; Leon Bocqueraz, Vice- 
President; Alphonse Bousquet, Secretary. 

Directors — J. E. Artigues, O. Bozio, T. A. 
Bergerot, John Ginty, J. M. Dupas, J. S. 
Godeau, N. C. Babin, George Belaney, H. de 
St. Seine. 

Safe Deposit Boxes for Rent 

The German Savings and Loan Society 

526 California St., San Francisco 

Guaranteed Capital $ 1,200,000.00 

Capital actually paid up in cash. 1,000,000.00 
Deposits, June 29. 1907 38,156,931.28 

Officers — President, N. Ohlandt; First Vice- 
President, Daniel Meyer; Second Vice-Presi- 
dent, Emil Rohte; Cashier, A. H. R. Schmidt; 
Assistant Cashier, William Herrmann; Secre- 
tary, George Tourny; Assistant Secretary, A. 
H. Muller; Goodfellow & Eells, General At- 

Board of Directors — N. Ohlandt, Daniel 
Meyer, Emit Rohte, Ign. Steinhart, I. N. 
Walter, J. W. Van Bergen, F. Tillman, Jr., 
E. T. Kruse and W. S. Goodfellow. 

The Rational Bank ROLL OF HONOR 
The title " Roll of Honor National 
Bank" is a distinction of which any 
financial institution in the United States 
may be prond. As is well known a 
" Roll of Honor Bank '" is one possess- 
ing surplus and profits in excess of cap- 
ital. A place on Ihe Roll of Honor can 
not be bought, it must be earned. 

This bank has for a long time been known as a '* Roll of 

Honor Bank" among banks and bankers. 



A. W. Navlor. Prti. F. M. Wilson. VUt.Prti- 

F. L. Naylor. Cashier. F.C.Mortimer Astt. Caskitr. 


United State* Depositary 
Berkeley, Cal. 
Directors — George P. Baxter, Pres.; J. W. 
Richards, Vice-Pres. ; Benjamin Bangs, Vice- 
Pres. ; Louis Titus, Dr. Thomas Addison, A. G. 
Freeman, Duncan McDuffie, Perry T. Tomp- 
kins, F. L. Lipman, W. J. Hotchkiss and Whit- 
ney Palache. P. H. ATKINSON, Cashier. 

Connecticut Fire Insurance Company 

Established 1850 


Total Assets $5,817,423 

Surplus to Pol icy-Holders 2,118,394 


Manager Pacific Department 


San Francisco 



U. S. Assets $2,493,154 

" Surplus 483,989 

1004 merchants' exchange 
J. J. Kenny, W. L. W. Miller, 

Manager Assistant Manager 

John F. Forbes 

Certified Public Accountant 


Roy C. Ward 
Jas. K. Polk 

Jas. W. Dean 
Geo. E. Billings 



312 California Street. Phone Douglas 2283 

San Francisco, Cal. 


July 4, 1908. 


Notes and Gossip. 

A chronicle of the social happenings dur- 
ing the past week in the cites on and around 
the Bay of San Francisco will be found in the 
following department: 

Sao Francisco people who have been East 
during the winter and spring seem to be hastening 
home in order to spend the summer months at the 
delightful resorts among the mountains or along 
the coast of their own State. Many more country 
homes have been opened during the past week 
and all the out-of-town hotels are full of vaca- 

The wedding of Miss Engracia Crichter and 
Lieutenant Francis B. Freyer was solemnized by 
Rev. Father Pius Murphy Monday in the Red 
Room of the Fairmont. The bride was given into 
the keeping of the groom by Mr. Charles Crocker 
and the bride's attendants were Miss Mabel Greg- 
ory, Miss Helen Wilson, Miss Helen Sullivan, 
Miss Irene Van Arsdale, Miss Gertrude Russell, 
and Miss Martha Fee. 

Miss Maude Bourne was hostess last week at a 
dinner at the Fairmont given in honor of Miss 
Gertrude Josselyn and Mr. Gerald Rathbone, 

Mr. and Mrs. H. M. A. Miller entertained a 
number of friends at a dinner at the Fairmont 
recently, the guests of honor being Mr. and Mrs. 
Howard Huntington of Los Angeles. 

The engagement is announced of Miss Sara 
Drum to Mr. John Gill of Redlands. 

The banquet held at the St. Francis the other 
evening to honor the twenty-fourth anniversary of 
the famous Greeley party brought together a num- 
ber of very interesting characters, among them 
being Admirals Sebree and Emory, Colonel Brai- 
nerd, Mr. Maurice Connell, and Mr. Taylor. Ad- 
miral Emory commanded the steamer Bear that 
led the relief expedition. Admiral Sebree was ex- 
ecutive officer on the Thetis, and Mr. Taylor was 
quartermaster of the Thetis. 

Movements and Whereabouts. 
Annexed will be found a resume of move- 
ments to and from this city and Coast and of 
the whereabouts of absent Californians: 

The Charles S. Crockers are at their home in 

Captain and Mrs. Edmund Shortlidge, who have 
been visiting Mrs. Shortlidge's mother, Mrs. 
George Fife, have gone to Fort Dupont, Dela- 
ware, where Captain Shortlidge is stationed. 

Judge and Mrs. Fred Henshaw are in town 
for a few days before going down to their home 
in Redwood. 

Miss Jennie Crocker is expected to arrive home 
about the middle of July. 

Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Tubbs have returned from 
their country home in Colusa County, the Hagar 
ranch, and will spend the remainder of the sum- 
mer at Del Monte. 

Secretary and Mrs. Victor H. Metcalf are plan- 
ning their usual outing at Foutes's Springs. 

Mrs. L. Gerstle and Miss Gerstle are spending 
a few weeks in the Tahoe region. 

Mrs. G. Page Tallant and the Tallant children 
are at Castle Crag farm. 

Miss Alice Hoffman is the guest of Mrs. Walter 
Hobart at her cottage at Bolinas. 

Mrs. Oesar Bertheau and her daughters, Miss 
Helen and Miss Anita Bertheau, are at Blithe- 
dale for the summer. 

Mr. and Mrs. Evan J. Pillsbury have opened 
their home, Montecito, for the summer. 

Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Freeman, with Miss 
Maud Payne, are motoring through the southern 
part of the State. 

The Mountford Wilsons are taking a leisurely 
motoring tour through the northern part of the 
State, their ultimate destination being the Tahoe 

Miss Genevieve King has returned from a visit 
to Miss Maud Bourn in Grass Valley. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ferderick Kohl are in their Tahoe 
home, Idlewild, for the summer. 

Miss Jennie Blair is expected home from Paris 

General and Mrs. Oscar Fitzalan Long are 
guests of Mrs. Long's mother, Mrs. I. L. Requa, 
at .flitna Springs. 

Mrs. Edwin C. Long, wife of Captain Long of 
the Presidio, and her sister, Miss Marjorie Shep- 
herd, are spending the summer in the Sierras. 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry Crocker are spending the 
summer at their country home near Cloverdale. 

The Misses Marie and Marguerite Butters are 
planning to spend July with friends at ./Etna 

Lieutenant H. H. Royal, V. S- N., and Mrs. 
Royal are registered at the Fairmont awaiting the 
departure of the fleet. 

Mrs. M. A. Tobin and Miss Agnes Tobin have 
taken the Clark residence in San Mateo for the 

Mrs. C. O. Alexander and her daughter have 
returned from a visit to Chico, where they have 
been the guests of Mrs. Bidwell. 

Mrs. Charles S. Fee and her two daughters are 
spending the summer at Tahoe Tavern. 

Mr. and Mrs. George T. Mayre spent last week 
at the Hotel Rafael as guests of Miss Lily O'Con- 

Miss Withrow and Miss Evelyn Withrow, after 
spending several years in Paris, have returned to 
San Francisco. 

Colonel John Clem. L T . S. A., and Mrs. Clem 
have returned from San Antonio, Texas, and are 
domiciled at the El Drisco. 

Dr. and Mrs. J. S. Oyster and Miss Elizabeth 
Oyster are in Santa Barbara for a few weeks. 

Mrs. Sutherland, wife of Captain Sutherland of 
the U. S. S. New Jersey, and the Misses Suther- 
land have returned from a trip to Yosemite. 

Lieutenant Mannaring, U. S. M. C, and Mrs. 
Mannaring are guests at the Alta Loma. 

Mrs. A. R. Chaffee and Miss Helen Chaffee 
have been guests of General and Mrs. Funston at 
Fort Mason during the week. 

Mrs. Man' Huntington and Miss Marian 
Huntington will sail next week for a European 
tour which will cover the summer months. 

Mrs. A. M. Simpson and Miss Edith Simpson 
are pi: nning a trip to Tahiti for the month of 

Th. cosmopolitanism of the city of San Fran- 

is never more clearly shown than in a 

over the- Fairmont register. Nearly every 

-d nation of the world has its representa- 

tives there. Among foreign visitors at the Fair- 
mont are Mr. and Mrs. Deecke, Liebreck, Ger- 
many; Mr. Otto Horner, Cologne; Dr. Cluss, 
Vienna ; Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Applin, Miss 
Edythe Olive, London; Mrs. Corstantin, Rome, 
Italy; Mr. Sydney Perry. Mr. F. Donnithorne 
Taylor, Mr. Howard Fry, Mr. and Mrs. Hipperley 
Cose, London ; Mr. L. Ungenach, Strasburg, 

Mr. L. Van Orden, chief clerk of the St. 

Francis, is spending his vacation at Tahoe Tavern. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wyatt H. Allen spent a few days 

at Del Monte last week as the guests of Mrs. 

William P. Fuller. 

Rear-Admiral W. T. Swinburne and Mrs. Swin- 
burne, Mr. Edgar Mizner, and Mr. and Mrs. 
Cuyler Lee of San Francisco are registered at 
JEtna Springs. 

Mr. Sidney F. Brock and Mr. Charles R. Wood 
of Philadelphia are stopping at the Fairmont. 

Mr. S. F. Booth and family are spending the 
week-end at Tahoe Tavern. 

Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Bissell went to Del Monte 
for the week-end. 

Mrs. J. N. Walter, her daughter and niece, are 
now at Tahoe Tavern. 

Among the visitors at ./Etna Springs are Mr. 
and Mrs. George A. Newhall and Mr. and Mrs. 
Samuel Knight of San Francisco. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles McVay of Sweickley, 
Pennsylvania, are making a tour of the Coast and 
are stopping at the Fairmont. 

Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Weir are at Tahoe Tavern 
for a prolonged stay. 

Mrs. Thomas Breeze and Miss Louisa Breeze, 
who are spending the summer at Del Monte, were 
in town for a few days last week. 

Mrs. William L. Elkins, Jr., and her son Felton 
arrived at the Hotel St. Francis last week, after 
being the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Kuhl 
at Tahoe. 

Mr. Robert M. Eyre is at Del Monte for a 
fortnight's visit. 

Mr. E. C. Roberts of Davenport, Iowa, and Mr. 
and Mrs. A. B. Frank of Iowa City, Iowa, are at 
the Fairmont, 

Major Christeanson and Miss Christeanson are 
guests at Tahoe Tavern. 

Mrs. Walter S. Martin, who has been at the 
Hotel St. Francis for some time, has gone to the 
home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Henry T. 

Lieutenant S. B. Thomas, U. S. N., is spending 
his ten days* leave of absence from his ship, the 
U. S. S. Kearsargc, with his parents, Admiral and 
Mrs. Thomas, at Del Monte. 

Mrs. A. R. Boyd, Jr.. and Miss Boyd of St. 
Louis, Missouri, are at the Fairmont. 

Miss Allis Miller of Riverside is spending a few 
days with her aunt, Mrs. Alice Kichardson, at 
Tahoe Tavern. 

Lieutenant T. D. Downey was among the naval 
men registered at the St. Francis during the past 

Mr. and Mrs. William Mayo Xewhall and family- 
have gone to Yosemite for a few weeks. 

Lieutenant N. S. Moffett, U. S. S. Maryland, 
and Mrs. Moffett are stopping at the Regent until 
the sailing of the fleet, July 7. 

Mr. and Mrs. Elliott McAllister have gone to 
Del Monte to remain over the Fourth. 

Mrs. Sarah S. Winslow and family will leave 
on the first of July for Lake Tahoe. 

Mr. Will Chapin of Sacramento came up to the 
city last Saturday and took rooms at the St. 

Mr. and Mrs. George C. Board man have gone 
to Del Monte for a short visit. 

Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Welch and Mr. and Mrs. 
de Laveaga are to spend the summer at Tahoe 

Commander A. Bauduin, who holds an impor- 
tant position in the Dutch navy, is at present a 
guest of the Fairmont. 

Dr. and Mrs. B. A. McBurney of Chicago are 
staying at the St. Francis. 

Mr. and Mrs. Clement Bennett are among those 
who are spending the Fourth at Del Monte. 

Among the society folk from the interior of the 
State now at the Fairmont are Mrs. and Miss 
Peters, Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Simpson, and Mrs. 
Maud Terrill, all of Stockton; Mr. and Mrs. L. B. 
Doe, of Nevada City; Mrs. W. K. Wright, of the 
Presidio of Monterey. 

The George A. C. Meyers are guests at Tahoe 
Tavern, Lake Tahoe. 

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Wittman, Miss Wittman, 
and Miss Kerrigan are guests of the St. Francis. 
Mrs. Adolf Gartenlaub expects to leave for 
Tahoe Tavern the latter part of July. 

Among the guests of the Fairmont from the 
southern part of the State are Mr. Orlan Morgan, 
Mr. E. R. Baldwin, Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Middle- 
coff, Mr. and Mrs. James Kayes, all of Los An- 
geles; Mr. and Mrs. E. C- Sterling, of Redlands; 
Mrs. C. P. Von Gerichten, of San Diego; Mr. 
Charles P. Austin, of Santa Barbara. 

The quality of the dramatic season is indicated 
by the presence at the Hotel St, Francis just now 
of Margaret Illington, Mrs. Fiske, Mr. Henry' 
Miller, Mr. Charles Frohman, and Mr. White 

Major C. H. McKinstry, U. S. A., is back at 
his quarters in the St. Francis. 

Mrs. J. W. Bothin expects to spenu the sum- 
mer at Tahoe Tavern. 

President J. E. Stubbs of Nevada University- 
is a guest of the Hotel St. Francis. 

Mrs. Charles S. Levy and Miss Levy expect to 
leave for Lake Tahoe the first week in July. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lee A. Phillips of Sacramento 
have been at the St. Francis for some days. 

Miss Eugenia B. Maybury will leave for Tahoe 
Tavern the first week in July. 

Mrs. W. A. Clark of Los Angeles is staying at 
the St, Francis. 

Mr. and Mrs. J. K. Armsby are now at Tahoe 
Tavern, where they will remain for an indefinite 

Major-General and Mrs. William S. McCoskey 
are at the Hotel St. Francis, after a trip to 

Mrs. R. E. Quenn is spending a few weeks at 
Tahoe Tavern. 

Mr. and Mrs. R. T. McDonald of Butte are 
visiting friends in this city and are at the Hotel 
St. Francis. 

Mrs. W. Mayo Newhall will spend the month 
of July at Tahoe Tavern. 

Among the more recent arrivals at the Fairmont 

are Mr. Fred S. Chapman of Portland, Oregon, 

and Mr. Arthur W. Stone of Seattle, Washington. 

Among visiting army and navy officers at the 

Fairmont are Rear-Admiral and Mrs. Theodore F. 

lewell, Mr. H. O. Hunt, Mr. S. O. Ging, Mr. S. 
W. McGowan, Mr. B. F. Canaga, Mr. F. S. Wiltse, 
Mr. N. C. Martin. 

Among visitors from the East at the Fairmont 
during the past week were Mr. and Mrs. N. Cam- 
eron, Boston; jjr. and Mrs. H. Huntington, New 
York: Mrs. William Morris, Philadelphia; Mr. F. 

B. Breuscben, vVashington, D. C. ; Mr. and Mrs. 

C. M. Biddle, Mr. H- E. Wilcox, New York; Mrs. 
Benjamin Miller, Philadelphia; Mr. and Mrs. 
Worthington, Trenton, New Jersey; Mr. G. S. 
Taylor, Mr. F. M. Gleckler, Mr. R. D. Vroom, 
New York; Mr. J. H. Adams, Baltimore. 

Asked whether it is true that he intended 
to resign. Chancellor Day of Syracuse Uni- 
versity replied, "That was a pipe dream." 
Our special correspondent informs us that 
when President Eliot was asked whether he 
thought Taft would be nominated he an- 
nounced. "Say, it's a cinch!" and President 
Butler, in reply to a question as to what he 
thought of Bryan's chances expectorated 
through the window and said, "Nuthin' doin'. 
See ?" — Boston Transcript. 

Mr. Cornelius Vanderbilt has been so much 
of a success in various endeavors and posi- 
tions that recent gossip to the effect that he 
may enter the diplomatic service excited no 
surprise. Rumor had it that under certain 
contingencies he might be appointed ambas- 
sador to Rome, or even ambassador to Berlin. 
Emperor William would doubtless be glad to 
have Mr. Vanderbilt receive credentials to the 
latter post, as he and the young American are 
very good friends. 

< •» 

Among those who were awarded the second- 
class medal at this year's spring salon of the 
Societe des artistes Francois is Robert Mac- 
Cameron of Chicago for his picture, "A Group 
of Friends," which portrays the dark corner 
of a wine shop, with three human outcasts at 
a table drinking, which he painted for the 
Anti-Absinthe League. 

The owner of a theatre in New York re- 
cently gave out slips to his patrons asking 
them what had attracted them to his theatre. 
Over 75 per cent said that they had seen the 
advertisements in the newspapers and came 
because of them. 

Wanted — A music studio, with piano 
(grand preferred), for Wednesdays and Sat- 
urdays, in the district bounded by California, 
Pacific Avenue, Buchanan, and Presidio Ave- 
nue. Address J. R. W., 2639 Durant Avenue. 

New, Neat and Novel 


Advertising Novelties 
and Art Calendars 


San Francisco office 


Phone Douglas 1806 

When You Leave Town 

Store Your Trunks, Piano, 

Household Goods, Etc. 

With Us 


Sutter near Fillmore 

Tel. West 999 

Hotel Rafael 

San Rafael, Cat. 
Open year around. Headquarters Automobile 
League. New and commodious garage. Fifty 
minutes from San Francisco. Complete change 
of climate. Tiburon or Sausalito Ferry- Al! 
modern conveniences. 

F. N. Orpin, Proprietor. 


Very desirable furnished house, for small 
family, to rent for one year. Apply to 
J. E. G., care of G. W. McNear, 201 Bat- 
tery Street, San Francisco. 


The public's choice since 1789. 

"Your cheeks are 
peaches," he cried. 

"No, they are 
Pears'," she replied. 

Pears' So ap 
brings the color of 
health to the skin. 

It is the finest 
toilet soap in all 
the world. 


Superbly situated 

Magnificently appointed 

Perfectly served 

In every respect nearest approach- 
ing the IDEAL hotel 

Managed by the world famous 

Palace Hotel Company 



Hotel Del Monte 

Golf, Motoring, Sailing 

Fishing, Bathing, Riding 

LOW HOTEL RATES $3.00 to $5*50 per day 

American Plan 

H. R. WARNER, Manager Del Monte 

Or 789 Market St.. San Francisco 


Idealizing California country life 

All roads to Aetna Springs now open to 
automobiles. Special automobile service from 
St. Helena to the Springs. 

Just the place for the family. Reservations 
now being made. Rates and literature on ap- 


Aetna Springs. Napa County. CaL 


Family Resort between Saratoga 
and Los Gatos 

Has increased its accommodations, main build- 
ing furnace heated, beautifully furnished 
rooms with all modern conveniences. Open 
all the year. Positively exclusive. For in- 
formation address 

THEODORE J. MORRIS, Proprietor, 
Los Gatos, CaL 

Hotel Collingwood 

35th St., bet. 5th Ave. and Broadway 

New fireproof hotel, located in the shopp'^g 
and theatre district, containing every modern 
device for comfort of guests. 

Positively exclusive. Service a la carte. 


Choice Woolens 


Merchant Tailors 
108-110 Sutter St. French Bank Bldg. 

July 4, 1908. 



Hotel St. Francis 

Al Union Square, 
the Center of the 
City's life and color. 



Market, Fell, Polk and Tenth Sts. 
European plan. $1 per day and up. 

OWEN KENNY, Manager. 

"Twelve Stories of Solid Comfort' 

Building, concrete, steel 
and marble. 

Located, most fashion- 
able shopping district. 

210 rooms, 135 baths. 

Library and bound mag- 
azines in read in g- 
rooms for guests. 

Most refined Hostelry 
in Seattle. 

Absolutely fire proof. 

English Grill. 

RATES $1.00 UP 



"The World's Host Beautiful Playground" 

tj More features in a few square miles than any 
other spot. The famous Big Trees, Scenic 
Mountains. Surf Bathing superb. Largest and 
most magnificent Casino and Natatorium. Cli- 
mate without an equal. 

"Never a Dull Moment 


Berkeley Apartments 

Several sunny suites available for the 
summer and autumn months at Hotel 
Cloyne Court, Berkeley. For further par- 
ticulars address 

J. M. PIERCE, Manager. 

Hotel del Coronado 

Most Delightful Climate on Earth 

American Plan. Summer rates $3.50 per day each and 

upward, or $21.00 per week each and upward 
"Good Music" and "Fine Automobile Road, 

Los Angeles-Riverside to Coronado." 
Golf, Tenis, Polo, and other outdoor sports 

every day in the year. 
New 700-foot ocean pier, for fishing. Boating 
and Bathing are the very best. Send for 
booklet to 

MORGAN ROSS, Manager, 

Coronado Beach, Cal. 

Or see H. F. NORCROSS, Agent, 

334 So. Spring St., Los Angeles. 

Tel. A 6789; Main 3917. 

22d Street and Broadway 


ever offered to the American people. We will 
send you one of our warranted very best Steel 
Razors, price $2.50, with one of our fine large 
size patented self-honing Strops, price $1, and 
one pair of our warranted full nickel-plated 
eight-inch popular household fine Steel Shears, 
price $1.2d — only one order to a customer. 
Offer expires July 1 , '09. You can examine 
package before accepting. Just enclose one 
dollar bill in envelope, we will trust Uncle 
Sam's boys to bring safely to us, address Red 
Cross Dis. Co., No. 1045 2nd Ave. South, 
Nashville, Tenn. 


Army and Navy. 

The latest personal notes relative to army 
and navy people who are or have been sta- 
tioned at Pacific Coast points : 

Colonel Marion F. Maus, Twentieth Infantry, in 
command at the Monterey Presidio, has been ap- 
pointed by the War Department to take temporary 
command of the Department of California upon 
the departure of Brigadier-General Funston. 

Colonel Joseph W. Duncan, chief of staff, has 
returned from Monterey, where he has been to 
witness the field practice of the School of Mus- 

Lieutenant-Commander I. V. Gillis, U. S. N., 
detached from duty as naval attache, Peking, 
China, is ordered to report to the commander of 
the Third Squadron, U. S. Pacific Fleet, for such 
duty as he may assign. 

Major H. S. Bishop, Fifth Cavalry, now on 
duty at the San Francisco Presidio, will proceed 
to Atascadero ranch to report to the commanding 
general for duty during the continuance of the 

Major William G. Haan, Coast Artillery, who 
has been in Honolulu on a detail of coast defense, 
is ordered to Washington to report to the chief 
of the Artillery Corps. 

Captain E. R. Scrieber of the Medical Corps is 
ordered to report for temporary duty at the medi- 
cal supply depot, San Francisco Presidio. 

Captain W. S. Scott, Quartermaster's Depart- 
ment, has received orders to report for duty at 
the San Francisco Presidio. 

Naval Constructor J. G. Tawresey is detached 
from duty at the Union Iron Works, San Fran- 
cisco, and will proceed to the Navy Yard at 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire. 

Captain Robert H. Rolfe, U. S. A., Quarter- 
master's Department, has been ordered to report 
for temporary duty and acting commissary on the 
transport Crook. 

Captain Cornelius C. Smith has been granted an 
extension to his leave of absence. 

Captain Edwin R. Stuart, Corps of Engineers, 
is ordered to proceed to San Francisco, from 
where he will sail for Manila about August 1 to 
report in person for duty under the commanding 

Captain William R. Smedburg, Jr., Fourteenth 
Cavalry, assisted by Veterinarian Richard B. Cor- 
coran, First Field Artillery, is detailed to inspect 
horses to be delivered under contract to San Fran- 
cisco, California; Winnemucca, Nevada; and Made- 
line and Montague, California. 

Leave of absence for two months with permis- 
sion to apply for the extension of a month is 
granted Captain George F. Juenemann, Medical 
Corps, to take effect upon the expiration of the 
manoeuvres at Atascadero. 

Leave of absence for twenty days is granted 
Captain Lawrence A. Curtis, Twenty-Second In- 
fantry, U. S. A., of the Presidio at Monterey. 

Captain Douglas C. McDougal, U. S. M. C, 
has proceeded from Mare Island to Washington 
on temporary duty. 

Leave for four months, to take effect upon his 
return to duty, is granted First Lieutenant Ches- 
ter H. Loop, C. A. C, sick in Army General Hos- 
pital, San Francisco Presidio. 

Upon being discharged from the Naval Hospital, 
Mare Island, Lieutenant R. C. Davis's orders to 
command the Grampus have been revoked and he 
is granted a three months' leave of absence and 
ordered to proceed to his home. 

First Lieutenant Thomas H. Cunningham, 
Fourteenth Cavalry, San Francisco Presidio, has 
been granted a two months' leave of absence, tak- 
ing effect from June 10. 

Lieutenant Hunter Kinzie, Twentieth Infantry, 
has been granted a month's leave of absence, to 
take effect after July 1. 

Lieutenant Hiram Phillips, U. S. A., is regis- 
tered at Army Headquarters. 

Lieutenant John G. Church, Second Torpedo 
Flotilla, U. S. N., is stationed temporarily at the 
Navy Yard, Mare Island.- 

Lieutenant Frank McCommon, Second Torpedo 
Flotilla, U. S. N., iff stationed temporarily at 
Mare Island. 

Lieutenant George E. Turner, Coast Artillery, 
will be stationed at Ukiah while on duty with the 
progressive military map of the United States 

Lieutenant Wallace Bcrtholf has returned- from 
Portland, Oregon, to report for duty on ttfejU. S. 
S. California. 

Second Lieutenant Arthur E. Ahrends, Twen- 
tieth Infantry, U. S. A., Monterey Presidiojis at- 
tached to the School of Musketry at that post for 

Midshipman A. S. Rees is detached from duty 
on the Alabama and will continue-. treatment in the 
Naval Hospital, Mare Island. . i 

The following officers have been ordered to take 
a course of instruction in the School of -Musketry, 
Monterey: Lieutenant Claire B. Bennett, Eighth 
Infantry; Lieutenant John J. Moller, Eighth In- 
fantry; Lieutenant Tubal A. Early, Twentieth In- 
fantry; Lieutenant Robert C. Cotton, Twentieth 

Pharmacist S. Englander, retired, is detached 
from duty at the Navy Yard, Mar,e Island, and 
will proceed home. 

At Out-of-Town Hotels. 

Among registrations from San Francisco at 
Hotel del Coronado during the past week were 
Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Erickson, Mr. H. A. Speh, 
Mr. C. G. Meyers, Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Lymberg, 
Miss Grace Baldwin, Mr. Frank A. Brown, Miss 
Marion D. Cohn, Mr. W. E. Osborne, Mr. Fred 
C. Parker, Mr. James Wainwright, Miss Bessie 
Donolly, Miss G. Donolly, Mr. Bob Lloyd. 

Among recent arrivals at Hotel Calistoga are 
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Dolliver and Mr. and Mrs. 
F. L. Wright, of San Rafael; Mr. .and- Mrs A.IL 
Nahor, Mrs. C. C. O'Neil, Mr. Gerald O'Neil, Mr. 
and Mrs. J. D. Ruggles, Mrs. Baldwin, Mr. and 

Mrs. G. W. Hamil, Mrs. Wallace T. Sister, and 
Mrs. D. Leane, of San Francisco; Mr. Robert P. 
Day and Mr. R. Whitehead, of Oakland. 

Among the arrivals at Byron Hot Springs dur- 
ing the past week were the following: From San 
Francisco — Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Johnson, Mr. and 
Mrs. Fred Houseworth, Mr. and Mrs. C. M. 
Fickert; from Oakland— Mr. J. B. Baker, Miss 
Lola Brackett, Miss Nelly Brackett, Mr. and Mrs. 
J. H. Macdonald; from Piedmont — .Mr, J. Ghirar- 
delli; from San Rafael — Judge Thomas j. Lennon; 
from Alameda— Mr. and Mrs. Sam Poorman, Jr.; 
from Stockton — Mr. and Mrs. La Rue Cross. 

The following guests from San Francisco are 
registered at .3itna Springs: Mr. George A. New- 
hall, Mrs. Eugene A. Bressc, Mrs. Frank Norris 
and child, Mrs. Bush Fennell, Mr. J. Sloss, Mr. 
Bush Fennell, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. McCarthy, 
Mr. and Mrs. F. Fredericks, Miss A. Ratye, Mrs. 
W. E. Osborne, Mrs. M. K. Cole, Mr. and Mrs. 
Samuel Knight, Miss Metha McMahan, Mrs. O. P. 
Downing, Mr. Louis Sloss, Mr. J. R. Miller, Miss 
Anna Young, Miss Eleanor A. Joseph, Mr. and 
Mrs. John H. Welch, Miss M. Ratye, Miss Elsie 
Osborne, Mr. V. S. Grey. 

The following are recent arrivals from San 
Francisco at Tahoe Tavern, Lake Tahoe: Mr. and 
Mrs. G. X. Wendling. Miss Wendling, Mr. and 
Mrs. H. Miller, Mrs. F. B. Wilson, Mrs. E. 
Mason, Mr. and Mrs., I. Denny, Mr. G. H. Meyers 
and family, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Freyer, Mr. E. 
M. Greenway, Mr. S. Rosenbaum, Mr. and Mrs. 

E. J. Dollard, Mr. and Mrs. F. J. Forbes, Mr. 
William Sheehan, Mr. John Sheehan, Mrs. Bothin 
and Miss Bothin, Mr. and Mrs. N. K. Perkins, 
Mr. F. A. Center, Mr. and Mrs. R. P. Merillion, 
Mr. H. W. John, Mr. and Mrs. Spencer Buckbee, 
Mrs. E. Simon, Miss Simon, Captain Z. J. Hatch 
and family. 

Among the guests registered from San Fran- 
cisco at Hotel Rafael during the week were Miss 
Clayburgh, Miss V. Ackerman, Mr. and Mrs. E. 
G. Jackson, Mr. L. H. Abenheimer, Mr. Frank P. 
King, Mr. and Mrs. G. Mayre, Jr., Miss L. O'Con- 
nor, Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Lamb, General Funston, 
Mr. W. O. Cullen, Mr. A. A. Addler, Mr. and 
Mrs. R. C. Oliphant, Mrs. W. P. Morgan, Mr. 
and Mrs. H. C. Holmes, Mr. R. E. Abrahamson, 
Mr. and Mrs. C. R. Rogers, Mr. A. Roos, Mr. 
Charles A. Son, Mr. and Mrs. F. Baer, Mr. and 
Mrs. Levi, Mr. H. Levi, Mrs. L. P. Weil, Mrs. 
H. M. A. Miller, Miss A. B. Seller, Mr. and 
Mrs.- A. Alper, Miss M. E. Satter, Mr. A. Satter, 
Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Sheridan, Mr. and Mrs. A. L. 

A few of the recent arrivals at the Tavern 
of Tamalpais were: From San Francisco— Mrs. 
Edgar P. Salmon, Mrs. Lucia B. Worrell, Mrs. 
O. L. Gibson, Mr. M. H. Spencer, Miss F. M. 
Danforth, Dr. and Mrs. E. Goodman, Mrs. John 
A. Koster, Mr. J. G. Hamilton, Mr. and Mrs. H. 

F. Carson, Miss Barrett, Miss M. C. Henry, Miss 
Lucy Henry, Mr. William J. Henry, Mr. S. B. 
Morton, Mr. Harry Randolph, Mr. and Mrs. 
Walter Lilienthal; from Oakland— Mr. William 
E. Gosling, Mr. M. Hackett, Miss Kathryne Good, 
Miss Alyce Schwab, Mr. E. F. Good, Mr. F. 
Ransome, Mr. and Mrs. F. L. Jordon, Mrs. A. 
Morrison and son; from Berkeley— Mr. Leo Els- 
kamp, Mrs. Nathaniel Bell, Mr. and Mrs. B. 
Speer, Miss Esther Doane Mayers, Mr. Howard 
Doane Mayers, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Whithau. 

Arrivals at the Hotel Del Monte for the week 
include Mr. and Mrs. C. J. Gyle, Mr. and Mrs. 
Abe Levin, Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Levy, Mrs. Sid- 
ney Liebes, Miss Fleishman Mr. William Itsell, 
Miss Belle Mann, Mr. J. F. Maroney, Mr. Harry 
C. Hunt, Mr. George W. Phelps, Mr. W. A. 
Hamilton, Mr. J. W. Coffin, Jr.,. Mr. and Mrs. L. 
A. Wolff, Mr. and Mrs. Charles C. rioag, Mr. C. 
W. Burkett, Mr. and Mrs. W. D. McArthur, Mr. 
N. G. Evans, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Mackenzie, Mr. 
P. G. White, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. McClymonds, 
Mrs. Robert Fleming, Miss Ruth Fleming, Miss 
Doris Fleming, Miss Grace McGuire, Mr. EL. 
Cutting, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. BisseU, Mr. and_ 
Mrs. Wyatt Jrt. Allen, Mr. and Mrs. A. M. 
Rosenbaum, Mr. F. E. Booth, Mr. H. H. Sessler, 
Mr., and Mrs. H. Harris, Mr. and Mrs. James 
Wood, Ml Robert M. Eyre, Mr. and Mrs. E. s. 
Falk, Mrs. Edgar J. Bowen, and Mr. Ernest 
Schneider, of. San Francisco. 

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H. F. W. Spreen, Proprietor 

Calistoga, Napa County, Cal. 

<I Summer and Winter Health Resort 
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LI. San Francisco 

1*. Mulr Wends 

LI. Tamalpais 






9:45 a. 
1:45 p. 

t7:15 A. 
•8:15 A. 
19:15 a. 
9:45 a. 
11:15 a. 
12:45 a. 

1:40 p. 
2:40 p. 
4:45 P. 

10:40 A. 
12:16 p. 

1:40 p. 

2:45 p. 

4:40 p. 

5:45 p. 

7:25 a. 
1:40 p. 
4:14 p. 

9:28 a. 
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9:50 p. 

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14:45 P. 

1:45 p. 
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t Tamalp. only 
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July 4, 1908. 


Poet — Have you read my last poem ? 
Friend — I trust that I have. — Judge. 

Briggs — You say business is looking up ? 
Griggs — That's what it is. It can't look any 
other way ; it's flat on its back. — Ejt. 

Financier — So you're thinking of painting 
pictures? If you take my advice, you'll paint 
like Reynolds. There's money in it. — Punch. 

"And what has the colonel done since local 
option came in?" "Met it valiantly. Claims 
now to be a good judge of ginger pop." — Ex. 

"On my knee I begged her for a kiss." 
"And what did she say?" "Told me to get 
up and be practical." — Louisville Courier- 

"Maude was afraid the girls wouldn't notice 
her engagement ring." "Did they?" "Did 
they? Six of them recognized it at once." — 
Cleveland Plain Dealer. 

"Of course you play bridge only for fun?" 
"Of course," answered Mrs. Spangleton. 
"But it isn't any fun unless you are playing 
for money." — Washington Star. 

"1 heard him behind the door pleading for 
just one. They must be engaged." "Naw, 
they're married. It was a dollar he was 
pleading for." — Louisville Courier-Journal. 

Physician — From a hasty examination, I 
am of the opinion that you are suffering from 
clergyman's sore throat. Patient — The hell 
you say ! Physician (quickly) — But it is 
quite possible I am wrong — I will look again. 
— The Bohemian. 

"Augusta," said Mr. Wyss when the quar- 
rel was at its height, "you have devised a 
great variety of ways to call me a fool." 
"Merely a matter of necessity," replied Mrs. 
Wyss. "You have devised so many ways of 
being one." — The Bohemian. 

"Of course you could dress my daughter 
as she is accustomed to be dressed," said the 
old man. with covert sneer. "Of course I 
could," responded the younger one, "but I 
wouldn't. She'll agree to cut out the cart- 
wheel hat or the deal stops right here." — 
Philadelphia Ledger. 

"In your opinion," asked the member of 
the investigating committee, "what is the 
cause of the evident unrest among the In- 
dians ?" Comanche Pete, the noted scout. 

blew a cloud of smoke into the atmosphere. 
'1 hen he took his pipe out of his mouth. 
"Fleas," he answered. — Chicago Tribune. 

Waiter — We have clams in every style, sir. 
Diner — Then bring me a dozen in sheath 
gowns and Charlotte Corday hats. — Boston 


Sentimental Young Lady — Ah, professor! 
what would this old oak say if it could talk? 
Professor — It would say, "I am an elm." — 
Fliegcnde Blatter. 

Chappie — Have a cigarette, old man? Sap- 
leigh — No ; I don't smoke fool-killers. Chap- 
pie — Well, I don't blame you for refusing to 
take chances. — Chicago Daily News. 

Fond Mother (to overgrown Gladys) — That 
dress, though last year's, must do you, child. 
Gladys — Yes, mamma. The dress is last 
year's, but the legs are this year's! — Life. 

"If you want plenty of good plums," re- 
marked the practical horticulturist, "you have 
to graft." "Exactly," agreed the practical 
politician, "so you do." — Baltimore American. 

Tramp — Can you assist me along the road, 
mum? Lady of the House — Personally I can 
not ; but I will unchain my dog, and I know J 
he will be most pleased to do so ! — London ! 

Youngboy — Why, Stoutleigh, I thought you j 
were in Paris with the wife, enjoying your- 
self ? Stoutleigh — That's all right — division 
of labor, doncher see ? Wife's in Paris an' j 
I'm enjoying myself. — Judge. 

"Well, young man," thundered the head of I 
the house. "S-sir," stammered the youth, "I 
want to marry your d-d-daughter." "Aw, 
take her and welcome. I was afraid you 
were courting the cook." — Ex. 

"Waiter," said a traveler in a railroad res- 
taurant, "did you say I had twenty minutes ; 
to wait or that it was twenty minutes to 
eight?" "Nay t her. Oi said ye had twinty 
minutes to ate. an' thot's all ye did have. 
Yer train's just gone." — Everybody's Maga- 

Shepherd (concluding tale of bereavement) 
— Sae a gied her some o' that wee bottle that 
ye left yest/re'en, an' she just slippit awa' at 
fower o'clock the morn. Doctor — Dear, dear! 
I'm very sorry to hear that. Shepherd 
(thoughtfully) — Eh, mon doctor, isna it a 
maircy a didna' talc* any o' the wee bottle 
ma^el' ! — Punch. 


Unimproved property in the Burnt District 








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Apron Ginghams 

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Broad Cloths 

Table Cloths 


Table Damask 


Face Cloths 


Turkish Towels 

Persian Lawns 


Men's Handkerchiefs 
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Saturday, July 11, 1908 

S. S. America .Maru. . Saturdav, August 1,1908 
S. B. Nippon Maru. .Saturday, August 29, 1908 

Steamers sail from company's piers, Nos. 
42-44, near foot of Second Street, 1 p. m., for 
Yokohama and Hongkong, calling at Honolulu, 
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connecting at Hongkong with steamer for Ma- 
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James Flood Building. W. II. AVERY, 

Assistant General Manager. 





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Will send you all newspaper clippings which 
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The Art onaut. 

Vol. LXIII. No. 1633. 

San Francisco, July 11, 1908. 

Price Ten Cents 

PUBLISHERS' NOTICE— The Argonaut (tide trade-marked) is 
published every week by the Argonaut Publishing Company. Sub- 
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Published at 406 Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cal. 

Telephone, Kearny 5S95. 


ALFRED HOLMAN ------- Editor 


EDITORIAL: Ruef at Liberty— and Why— The Denver Con- 
vention — Third Trial of Abraham Ruef — Plain Speech 
on the Labor Question — "Our Hushand" — Cleveland in 
Retirement — Editorial Notes 17-20 


THE REID-WARD WEDDING: "Piccadilly" Writes of the 
Interesting Ceremony in the Ancient Chapel Royal in 

London 21 

OLD FAVORITES: "The Bailiff's Daughter of Islington"" 

"Dabbling in the Dew" 21 


AT PIERRE'S ROTISSERIE: XXI. By Jerome A. Hart... 22 
INDIVIDUALITIES: Notes about Prominent People AH over 

the World 23 

A GREAT NOVEL: A New Writer Takes Front Rank with 

a First Work 24 

CURRENT VERSE: "The Foiemost Scholar," by Percy W. 
Mackaye; "A Broken Friendship," by Charles Hansen 

Tonne 24 

BOOKS AND AUTHORS. By Sidney G. P. Coryn 25 

LITERARY NOTES: Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip — 

New Publications 26 


DRAMA: Henrv Miller at the Van Ness. By Josephine Hart 

Phelps 27 


STORYETTES: Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Other- 
wise 29 


PERSONAL: Notes and Gossip — Movements and Where- 
abouts — Army and Navy 30-31 

THE ALLEGED HUMORISTS: Paragraphs Ground Out by 

the Dismal Wits of the Day 32 

Ruef at Liberty — and Why. 

It is not often these days that we have a chance to 
commend anything appearing in the Call. It is there- 
fore with especial satisfaction that we call attention to 
a cartoon which appeared on the editorial page of that 
paper on Tuesday morning of the current week with 
reference to the release of Abraham Ruef from the 
county jail under bail. The drawing depicts the outlet 
of a sewer, from the depths of which a slimy and 
unclean cat connected by a frayed rope about its neck 
to a brick has been lifted by a scavenger's bucket. 
The cat, along with other marks of loathsome import, 
bears a distinct likeness to Ruef. "Bailed Out" is the 
caption of this very striking picture. 

The circumstance is, indeed, sufficiently suggestive to 
inspire an expression instinct with many forms of dis- 
gust. It is all the more offensive when it is remem- 
bered that the securities put in pledge to secure Ruef's 
liberty are chiefly the product of his notoriously infa- 
mous career. Out of the loot gathered by this unspeak- 
able scoundrel, apparently, he has safely stowed away 
something more than a round million of dollars. And 
this money now enables him to buy his release from 

Who is to blame for the fact that after two years of 

pretentious procedure this vile criminal is again at 
liberty ? Not Judge Murasky, for he only followed the 
law. Not the law, for its provisions are a product of 
time-tested and time-honored principles essential to the 
protection of innocence. The responsibility lies rather 
with those who, seeking private and malicious ends by 
means outside the law, have so botched and butchered 
this whole case as in effect to nullify the plainest pro- 
visions of the law. If the pretended prosecutors had 
cut out private malice, if they had not trafficked with 
Ruef for incriminating evidence against others, if they 
had not bargained with him for immunity and in fact 
given him many months' exemption from imprisonment 
— if they had proceeded against him promptly and 
vigorously when time and tide served — he would long 
before now have been behind the bars at San Quentin, 
and there would have been no discreditable break- 
down of justice as evidenced today by the circumstance 
that Abraham Ruef, with all his crimes on his head, 
walks the streets of San Francisco a free man. The 
break-down of the prosecution as related to Ruef, the 
arch scoundrel in this whole vast scheme of corruption 
and infamy, is a direct result of that system of pre- 
tense, falsehood, and chicane which has marked this 
procedure from the beginning. 

As they behold Abraham Ruef walking the streets 
of San Francisco, Messrs. Spreckels, Phelan, and 
Heney, if they have in them any capacity to see 
things in their true meaning, will hang their heads in 
shame, for it is due to them that he is free. It 
is they who have brought about this outrageous 
consequence. It was they who, with the fullest pos- 
sible knowledge of his guilt and with the fullest evi- 
dence against him in hand, pledged him immunity from 
final punishment with assurances that he should not be 
confined "in any prison" and that he should have leave 
to retain the loot which now serves to guarantee his 
freedom. The newspaper organs of this^ precious trio 
are making much of Ruef's release under bail as a 
gross outrage. Gross outrage it is ; but is Ruef's 
release under bail a grosser outrage than that grant 
of immunity pledged under private contract over the 
signatures of the prosecution and about which the 
prosecutors lied and lied and lied in private and in 
public? Was Ruef less guilty, was he less worthy of 
clemency, in May, 1907, when the immunity contract 
was signed and sealed, than today? Is immunity as a 
private and secret arrangement, contracted for in the 
spirit of bribery and denied in the spirit of fraud, a 
more grievous outrage against justice than release 
under bail by process of law ? 

Really, this whole wretched business seems less 
excusable the more it is analyzed. There is no aspect 
of it at which decency does not heave in rage and 

The Denver Convention. 

The Democratic Xational Convention is getting fairly 
down to business as the Argonaut goes to press on 
Wednesday. There has within the past ten days, at 
Denver and elsewhere, been a world of the kind of 
activity which commonly precedes a national conven- 
tion, and it has all gone to emphasize the ascendancy 
of Mr. Bryan in the national Democratic party. What- 
ever his merits or defects as a man or as a leader, he is 
nevertheless in the eye of Democracy her "peerless 
one." There is, to be sure, in the background the 
attenuated ghost of Clevelandism. typified timidly by 
the late-lamented but still-surviving Judge Alton 
Parker, but it counts for nothing against the ever-vital 
Bryan, who is the assured nominee for the presidency 
and who will control practically in every detail the 
doings and the outgivings of the Denver meet. 

Bryan himself is not in attendance at Denver. He 
sits quietly at home near Lincoln, Nebraska, but none 
the less his personality fills and dominates the con 
vention hall. In almost painful contrast appears Judge 
Parker, the nominee of four years ago, who. though 
present at Denver as a delegate, is absolutely without 

influence and personally all but unnoted. This con- 
trast is suggestive of the spirit and conditions of the 
party. Bryanism, which is another name for scatter- 
brained radicalism, is in the saddle; Clevelandism, 
typified by the neglected Parker, is a thing of no recog- 
nition or standing in the realm of Democracy. Bryan- 
ism, beaten in the convention at St. Louis, triumphed, 
at least within the party, on that November day of 
1904 when the St. Louis nominee went down under 
humiliating defeat. We shall hear no more of the safe 
and sane brand of Democracy; Democracy now is 
Bryanism pure and simple. 

It is conceded privately at Denver and elsewhere 
that Governor Johnson of Minnesota would be a 
stronger nominee than Bryan. He would get every 
vote that would be given to Bryan, with probably many 
more that Bryan can not get. There are no antago- 
nisms connected with his name or his career. It would 
be the part of practical wisdom to make him a "> 
nominee, but there is not the slightest chance that I 
will be done. The Bryan personality, the Bryan an 
tion, forbid it. The ticket will be Bryan upon a p 
form outlined by Bryan, with whomever for the second 
place Bryan may in the end choose to favor. In the 
mind of the Denver meeting there is but one Caesar — 
"one only man." 

According to the present look of things — we write, 
be it remembered, on Wednesday morning before any- 
thing has really been done — there will be working 
accord at least between Bryan and Hearst in the com- 
ing campaign. Mr. Hearst's Independence League has 
made a good deal of noise in these recent weeks, due 
to the Hearst facilities for noise-making, but it has 
really not been doing much. Whatever degradations 
the future may hold for American politics, we have not 
yet reached a stage where a personally owned, incor- 
porated, and supported political party can have much 
popular force. The Independence League, Mr. Hearst 
finds, is a thing without "go," a thing of no credit or 
repute, serving no other purpose than as a blind for his 
diplomacies. In the present instance, peace appears 
to have been made between the lamb of Hearstism and 
the lion of Bryanism. with the lamb safely inside the 
lion. The Hearst papers will probably support Mr. 
Bryan, and in the event of success in November, Mr. 
Hearst will no doubt get a place in the Cabinet. All 
this, of course, is a remote contingency, for which God 
in Heaven be praised. The country could probably 
endure Bryan in the presidency in consideration of a 
Republican Senate; but it is not pleasant to contem- 
plate Mr. Hearst as a Cabinet officer. 

We have seen no general outline of the coming plat- 
form which appears to be authoritative. The platform 
will, of course, follow Mr. Bryan's ideas, but Mr. Bryan 
has so many ideas that it is never easy to know before- 
hand what he will put forward. It is understood that 
he will not "at this time" insist upon his scheme of 
public ownership for the railways of the country; nor 
will he hark back to the sixteen-to-one theory upon 
which aforetime he was certain the welfare of the 
country and of the whole world depended. His cure 
for our financial troubles will probably be a govern- 
mental guarantee of savings bank deposits. From the 
standpoint of the practical banker, the scheme is ridicu- 
lous, but a little matter like. this does not trouble Mr. 
Bryan. He is so accustomed to fathering ridiculous 
and impossible ideas in statecraft as to be unmoved 
alike by contempt or ridicule. There will, undoubtedly, 
be a demand for publicity in the matter of campaign 
contributions, since upon this point Mr. Bryan is insist- 
ent, but, for some unexplained reason, he is said to be 
opposed to any declaration of positive policy against 
the trusts. It is not to be understood that Mr. Bryan 
has changed his opinions, but rather that for some 
motive of policy he wishes this year to be silent on the 
trust issue. 

The point at which the platform is like! 


July 11, 1908. 

most positive and radical is with respect to the labor 
question. Even the Big Stick could not force the Chi- 
cago convention to accept the Gompers programme and 
declare for a system of special privilege in behalf of 
organized labor. To be sure, the convention was pro- 
grammed and its members in all ordinary ways were 
biddable enough; but they came to a dead halt when it 
was proposed to allow Sam Gompers, a foreign agi- 
tator representing a private association of citizens 
which declines to make itself even in the smallest 
degree responsible, to define the position of the 
Republican party on the labor issue. With charac- 
teristic readiness and shallowness, Mr. Bryan sees an 
opportunity, and it is believed he will ride it for what- 
ever it may be worth. Almost certainly the Denver 
convention will put forth a radical labor plank and 
thereby make an issue — a paramount issue — for the 
coming campaign. 

The Argonaut hopes this will be done. In its judg- 
ment the aggressive demands of organized labor make 
the supreme issue before the country; in its judgment 
the Democratic party, led by a radical, naturally affili- 
ated with radicalism, eager to catch at any chance 
straw, will put itself behind the extreme demands of 
labor. The Republican part)', on the other hand, in 
obedience to its character and traditions and to the 
necessities of the situation, must take opposing ground. 
This battle has got to be fought out, probably in a 
series of hot rounds, covering a term of years ; and the 
sooner it begins, the sooner the parties are brought to 
their final positions, the better. We welcome the 
issue; we shall greet with satisfaction such action at 
Denver as will expedite and force the fighting. 

The- California delegation did not succeed in getting 
to Denver without such an exhibition of affectionate 
by-play as marks the truly vital spirit of political con- 
viction. The trouble arose as the result of a tactful 
observation on the part of Mr. Bell to the effect that 
Delegate Thomas Fox of Sacramento was on the pay- 
roll of the Southern Pacific Railroad Company as an 
agent of its politics. Whereupon Mr. Fox, in virtuous 
indignation, denounced Mr. Bell as "a damned liar." 
Incidents like this mean nothing among Democrats; 
and in the immediate case the scrimmage served only 
to sweeten the process of making-up which came later. 

Quite incidentally the dispatches from Denver shed 
an interesting light on Mr. Bell's method of formu- 
lating his political principles and policies. Mr. Bell, it 
appears, according to a statement made by one of Gov- 
ernor Johnson's managers, was originally an ardent 
Johnson supporter. He swung from Johnson to Bryan, 
according to this same authority, because "to oppose 
Bryan in California" meant to "write oneself down 
on the side of Southern Pacific Railroad domination." 
This is not the way strong men formulate their judg- 
ments and policies, but it is to be remembered that Mr. 
Bell is young and that he has yet time to learn that it 
is neither good politics nor good morals to allow your 
opponents to define your principles and to regulate your 

It is interesting to note that on the way to Den- 
ver, not Mr. Bell's candidate, but Mr. McXab's 
friend. Xathan Cole, Jr., of Los Angeles, was made 
chairman of the delegation. It was not exactly a 
knock-out for Bell, but it will serve to remind him that 
McXab is still on the map ; and it will probably suggest 
to wiser heads that after all the hubbub and worry of 
the presidential campaign are done with, and after Mr. 
Bell and his immediate friends have let off their over- 
plus of steam, the canny McJCab will probably be found 
doing business at the old stand. 

Be it remembered in connection with what is above 
written that we write in advance of the event, just as 
the convention is settling down to business. Possibly 
the hindsight of next week may knock the foresight of 
the moment into smithereens. 

Third Trial of Abraham Ruef. 

The third trial of Abraham Ruef, scheduled for the 
15th inst., is a matter of even greater interest than the 
trials that have preceded it. In the earlier instances 
only the fate of Ruef appeared at stake; in the coming 
trial the fate of the graft prosecution itself is in the 
balance. If now the prosecution shall fail, its practical 
inefficiency will be a demonstration in the eyes of all 
men. It is this fact which gives to the coming pro- 
cedure a vital and even dramatic interest. 

Regarded by itself, as a matter unconnected with 
previoi s events and as unaffected by passion, preju- 
dice, or bias of any kind, there would seem every rea- 
hope that Ruef will be convicted. The case 
pon one of the trolley indictments and has been 

selected by Mr. Heney out of a hundred or more as the 
one best suited to his purposes. The testimony against 
Ruef is direct and overwhelming. Fifteen supervisors 
will declare that they were paid in hand specific sums 
by James Gallagher, acting as agent for Ruef. James 
Gallagher will declare that he got the money from Ruef 
and paid it out under Ruef's instructions. There will 
be a world of corroborator}' and confirmatory evidence. 
There will not be lacking one link in the chain of direct 
and damning demonstration. Viewed therefore with- 
out prejudice, there would seem but one possible out- 
come of this trial; and it is an outcome in consonance 
with the wishes and the sense of justice of ever)' decent 
citizen of San Francisco. 

But unhappily the situation is one in which this case 
can not be regarded simply and solely upon its indi- 
vidual merits. It will be shown that the prosecutors 
themselves at one time condoned Ruef's guilt and 
pledged him friendship and immunity. It will be 
shown that they attempted to exact from him, in pay- 
ment for immunity promised and for favors granted, 
"testimony," true or false, condemnatory of other per- 
sons criminally charged and with respect to whom the 
prosecutors confessedly hold motives of private resent- 
ment and vengeance. It will be shown that, after con- 
tracting with Ruef for immunity, the prosecutors 
publicly denied it — lied about it. It will be shown that 
the witnesses against Ruef are self-convicted criminals 
and that they are being paid for their evidence by 
grants of immunity; further, that they have been per- 
mitted to retain the large sums received as bribes not 
only in the immediate case, but in many others. It will 
be shown that the prosecutors have held and now hold 
a club over the head of each witness, therefore that the 
testimony whicn each shall give is, in a sense, given 
under duress. 

It will further be demonstrated in the course of the 
trial that the prosecutors have in this whole matter a 
selfish and private interest; that they have acted in the 
grossest bad faith ; that they have again and again gone 
outside of the law and that their purposes from the 
beginning have been personal and malicious. In mat 
ters of this sort much depends upon what for want of 
a better name must be called atmosphere. The jury 
which will try this case must be drawn from a com- 
munity which has come to hold the graft prosecution 
in distrust and contempt. The jurors, therefore, what- 
ever their pretensions or their self-presumptions, must 
be more or less infected with the general feeling (1) 
that Ruef, although grossly guilty, is being prosecuted 
by men who once pledged him immunity and who falsi- 
fied their promise; (2) that he is now being punished 
not so much on the score of his crimes as because he 
would not commit another crime, that of perjury, by 
inventing and uttering testimony demanded by the 
prosecution against others accused; (3) that behind the 
whole business of prosecution there is selfish interest 
and private malice; (4) that the scheme of prosecu- 
tion is a tremendous and continuing injury to San 
Francisco and that it will get its quietus through defeat 
in this instance of the plans of the prosecutors. It is 
hardly necessary to add that with community sentiment 
what it is today, charged with distrust of the prose- 
cutors and with weariness and disgust for this whole 
wretched business, the disposition of the jury will be 
to make an end of the matter. 

If, indeed, the prosecuting attorney were a man of 
judgment and sufficiently master of himself to put the 
prosecution into unsmirched and unprejudiced hands, 
there would be reason to hope for a successful issue. 
The weakness in the case lies not in the case itself, but 
in the agents of its prosecution. In new, clean, and 
unprejudiced hands conviction would be an assurance. 
The weakness of the situation is the weakness of a 
movement which has become discredited by its own 
misdoings and by the loss of moral credit on the part 
of its agents. 

Here at the beginning of this new effort to convict 
Abraham Ruef, a purpose with which the Argonaut is 
in entire sympathy, we venture to offer a word of 
counsel to Prosecuting Attorney Langdon: Resume the 
authorities of your office ; thrust out those who under 
your name have abused and cheapened its powers; put 
the active work of prosecution into clean, capable, and 
disinterested hands. If you fail to do this, if you allow 
these discredited agents to go forward with the case 
against Ruef, you are almost certain to fail. Under a 
new deal there is fair prospect of success ; under the old 
deal there is not one chance in a hundred. Let us 
remind you, Mr. Langdon, that you would have done 
well at other times to have hearkened to reason. Let 
us remind you that at every step of this procedure 

where you have gone stupidly from one blunder and 
one failure to another, you might have gone straight 
and true and with success by heeding the counsels of 
the Argonaut. 

Plain Speech on the Labor Question. 
At a time when the President of the United States is 
kowtowing to organized labor for its votes and when 
the Democratic party is considering the policy of mak- 
ing a labor leader its vice-presidential candidate, like- 
wise for votes, it is particularly gratifying to discover 
that we still have among us men of sense and courage 
who see the meaning of laborite demands and who are 
brave enough to speak out in resistance to them. The 
latest outspoken voice is that of Admiral Melville of 
the navy, who sees in Mr. Gompers's proposals evils of 
the first magnitude. He points out that an iron-clad 
eight-hour rule applied to governmental work would be 
a frightful handicap to the country in an emergency 
which may come upon us any day in connection with 
foreign war. It would be the supremest folly, he 
declares, to so involve and limit ourselves by restrictive 
laws that we could not upon occasion make the fullest 
possible use of our own resources of labor where they 
may stand related to national defense. He further 
points out that the purpose of the eight-hour demand 
in government work is not for the purpose of reducing 
the hours of government work itself, but for use as a 
lever to the end of putting pressure upon other points 
in the general scheme of labor demands. 

Admiral Melville sees plainly the evils which laborite 
policies are already imposing upon the country. We 
have here, he points out, the best steel and iron in the 
world for ship-building purposes. We have the timber 
which England must import for use in the making of 
modern ships. At the same time it costs 40 per cent 
more to build a ship in America than in England or in 
Germany. The difference is due, Admiral Melville 
goes on to say, largely to labor unionism, which has 
so cut down the number of skilled workmen, so reduced 
the capability of the individual mechanic, and so unrea- 
sonably advanced the rates of wages for inferior per- 
formance, that we can not compete with other countries. 
The ranks of American workmen in the ship-building 
trades have been so reduced, together with the efficiency 
of those who are available, that we are no longer com- 

Because of the condition above described, Admiral 
Melville declares that the United States recently lost a 
fifty-million-dollar contract for ships for the Brazilian 
navy. This contract, coming at a time of general 
industrial depression, would have been a God-send not 
only to the workingmen of the country, but to every 
other interest. It has gone to Europe not more because 
there was a distinct financial advantage in sending it 
there than because we have not in the ship-building 
trades a sufficient equipment of skilled mechanics to do 
the work. Thus as a nation we are a heavy loser under 
the policy of unionism which has forbidden the sons 
of American ship-b lilders to learn and practice their 
fathers' trades. 

The common idea that the American is a more 
efficient workman than the Englishman or German 
Admiral Melville declares to be no longer true. Our 
mechanics in their so-called "independence" have come 
to resent the discipline which in foreign workshops, and 
formerly in our own as well, yields the best results. 
The effect is seen in a general slackness, a disposition 
to be careless and dilatory, which tremendously cuts 
down the efficiency of a body of workmen. An illus- 
tration of how this system works was supplied by the 
Union Iron Works of San Francisco a year or more 
ago, prior to the strike of last summer. At one time 
the efficiency of the men in the San Francisco shops 
ran down something like 40 per cent as compared with 
the same number of men at the same kind of work in a 
famous Eastern shop uncorrupted by the vices of a 
radical unionism. 

The present-day conflicts between nations are indus- 
trial rather than military. The country which employs 
its resources of production to the largest account will 
surely outstrip those countries where working efficiency 
is on a lower basis. Touching upon this principle. 
Admiral Melville points out that Germany is now far 
ahead both of the United States and England in the 
organization of her labor system and in governmental 
protection of the principles which make for efficiency. 
The apprentice laws in Germany, he declares, are 
devised and strictly enforced in the interest of industry 
and to the end that German youth may be trained in the 
arts and crafts essential to the welfare of the country. 
It will not be long, he declares, until Germany will be 

July 11, 1908. 



better equipped than any other country with skillful 
mechanics. Admiral Melville's outlook upon the future 
is not a cheerful one. He says: 

I see a future for this country similar to that of Spain and 
Italy. There the trade guilds in the towns became so strong 
and domineering that the nobility could not invest its capital. 
Soon the labor unions will keep the capitalist from investing 
in railroad, mine, or manufactory. At the bottom of it all is 
the restriction of the number of apprentices. 

Asked what in his judgment the policy of the United 
States ought to be, Admiral Melville replied : 

Every State should pass a law prohibiting the restrictions 
by trade unions of the number of apprentices and the United 
States government should admit all skilled workmen. Then 
we will become the ship-building country of the world, because 
we have the steel, the timber, the men of brawn, and the men 
of brains. 

" Our Husband." 

We are sorry to see that there is domestic trouble in 
Emporia and we are still more sorry to see that that 
gifted woman, Mrs. Mary McCreary Parkman, editor 
of the Emporia Times, should be forced into the col- 
umns of her own newspaper in defense of her political 
rights and the proper subjection of man. But the inci- 
dent, painful as it may be, is not without alleviation. 
It will not have occurred in vain if it serve to quiet the 
cavillings of those who say that the enfranchised 
woman would be but a pale shadow of husband or lover 
and that she would take her political opinions as she 
does her breakfast food — predigested. Mrs. Mary Mc- 
Creary Parkman is made of sterner stuff than that. 
Her husband is not without his uses. She will even 
concede that in common with the rest of the brute crea- 
tion he has rights, but as for permitting him to dictate 
to her in the domain of politics, Mrs. Mary McCreary 
Parkman repudiates the idea with scorn and con- 

The trouble arose in this way: Mrs. Parkman is a 
Democrat and has been twice elected as county super- 
intendent of schools. Mr. Parkman, on the other hand, 
is a Republican who has been county surveyor and now 
seeks renomination. It seems to be a rule on the 
Emporia Times, of which Mrs. Parkman is editor, that 
Republican officials shall be indicated by the office that 
they hold and not by name, and therefore the long- 
suffering Parkman always appears in his wife's chaste 
columns as "the county surveyor." If Parkman him- 
self had no complaint to make, there is no reason why 
any one else should interfere, but censorious tongues 
will wag, and so finally this intrepid woman has been 
forced into an editorial explanation of why she black- 
lists her husband. 

She begins very properly by pointing out that "what 
we do with our husband is our own business, and it 
would seem in all fairness that if we put up with this 
man morning, noon, and night we shouldn't have to be 
putting him in the paper all the time." Now no one 
can object to this, and it may be taken for granted that 
the down-trodden Parkman, if he is still articulate, 
would deprecate any journalistic additions to the wifely 
attentions which he now receives "morning, noon, and 
night." But the lady goes on to explain that even 
married people have their points of disagreement 
as well as of agreement. There must be ripples even 
on the most placid stream, and while there is blissful 
and ecstatic harmony in the Parkman circle on matters 
of literature, religion, art, the nebular hypothesis, how 
to poke the fire, and the facts in the Gunness case, on 
the one point of politics there is a diversity both wide 
and hopeless. "We think," says Mrs. Parkman, "that 
our husband has a good deal of sense — for a mere man 
— but on politics he doesn't know much. He is a 
Republican, a mean, black Republican, and as such has 
no claims on us either as a molder of public opinion, a 
fellow-citizen, or as a wife." There is a finality about 
this that we like. There is no false sentiment about 
Mrs. Parkman. She brings the editorial "we" upon 
the head of her erring spouse with a thwack that is 
good to hear and that ought to be profitable to him. 

But she knows her duty, does Mrs. Parkman, and she 
will do it to the bitter end. Worm though he be, Park- 
man shall never complain that she failed to discriminate 
between her duties to the flag and to the fireside. She 
says : "We will cook for our husband ; we will mend 
our husband's clothing; we will darn and brush him, 
and keep him up — as our husband. But as an office- 
holder of a vile, venal, and corrupt organization, an 
emissary of Wall Street, and as an oppressor of the 

oor, our husband has only our unspeakable contempt. 
He should thank his lucky stars that we do keep his 
name out of the Times." 

But here, it is regrettable to observe, this magnificent 
woman deviates from the path of virtuous exhortation 

into that of innuendo and threat. Let the county sur- 
veyor beware. His lofty position shall not shield him 
from disclosures of an unnamed dreadfulness if he per- 
sist in his wild and evil career. Mrs. Parkman has 
information about him, secret information, and it hangs 
over his head like a sword of Damocles. 

"We know enough of our husband," says this daunt- 
less wife, "to make his vote in this election little more 
than scattering. But up to the present we have said 
nothing. We have believed that our duty as a wife 
had some claims on our duty as an editor. But a word 
to the wise should be sufficient, and if our husband has 
learned a lick of sense from past experiences with us, 
he will take a grand immortal tumble to himself and 
call off his dogs. This newspaper is a free and untram- 
meled organ of special privileges to none and equal 
rights to all, and if our husband thinks he belongs to 
the privileged classes he is mighty badly fooled." 

But in her concluding paragraph Mrs. Parkman 
relents and allows free play to a fine and tender dis- 
crimination. She admits that she thinks a good bit of 
her husband, first and last and in one way and another, 
and we can almost hear a suspicious break in the stern 
editorial voice. But let there be no misunderstanding. 
A husband is one thing and a Republican county sur- 
veyor is quite another. If it were not for his lament- 
able and misguided sex, a husband might be tolerable 
and even likeable, but for a Republican county sur- 
veyor, as such, there can be no quarter. "He is a bad 

need of San Francisco at this moment is not more capi- 
tal, nor higher ability in her citizenship, nor more 
enterprise in commerce and business, but that intellectual 
and moral leadership which is only to be expected from 
citizens duly accredited and respected and plainly above 
any suggestion of self-interest. Twenty-five men rep- 
resentative of various departments of life, justified by 
successful experience, approved by ability and integrity, 
and at the same time standing apart from the strifes of 
business and politics— such a group of men at this time 
would be worth to San Francisco vastly more than 
their weight in gold. 

Cleveland in Retirement 

The services of Grover Cleveland in the presidential 
office were undeniably great. It fell to him to do 
things which are now seen to have been essential to the 
integrity and dignity of the government and to the wel- 
fare of our people. And yet it may well be questioned 
if Mr. Cleveland's career in the presidency was more 
important than his career as a private citizen living in 
retirement after leaving the presidency. The man in 
public office or the man in active business or profes- 
sional life, however able or distinguished he may be, is 
one whose opinions and utterances are subject to an 
inevitable discount. In other countries, under older 
systems, there commonly exists a group of men largely 
influential, standing apart, somewhat at least, from the 
general activities of life. We have no such class in 
this country because our men of capability are for the 
most part either actively or prospectively in the game 
and subject therefore to the bias of self-interest, or 
to another bias, that of misintrepretation. 'There are 
few indeed who from the vantage ground of universal 
consideration and respect may give counsel free from 
any suggestions of interest. 

Mr. Cleveland for some twelve years stood in this 
position. Xobody ever suspected him of any motive 
save that of the general public welfare; and when he 
has spoken from time to time his utterances have had 
a weight decisive in fixing the attitude of multitudes of 
minds, if not indeed of determining the policies of 
government. He has not posed as a "sage"; he has 
been singularly free from any pose; nevertheless he 
has been a sort of balance wheel, a means of restrain- 
ing, of correcting, of enforcing sound counsels in 
emergencies. His connection, for example, with the 
revival of confidence in insurance investments con- 
tributed vastly to the poise and welfare of the country, 
if indeed it did not save it from a ruinous panic. 

We can think of no department of American life 
where the deficiency is so marked and so serious as that 
which Mr. Clevleand has just vacated. We need most 
grievously men of approved character for judgment 
and integrity, so placed as to command attention when 
they rise to give counsel, so free from any personal 
interest that whatever they may say may have con- 
sideration and weight. A thousand citizens of ap- 
proved wisdom, retired from the activities of business 
and politics, but vital alike in their intelligence, their 
interest in affairs, and in their courage, would be worth 
to the country, in its political and moral life, ten thou- 
sand times their number of scheming promoters. 

This deficiency is as marked in local communities, 
especially in our Western communities, as in the 
country at large. For example, we seriously need lead- 
ership in San Francisco. We have among us men of 
large character, with undisputed capacity for wise 
counsel. But practically every man of them is so 
involved, either in politics or in business or in both, as 
to qualify or nullify any public counsels that he may 
give. We distinctly lack an element accredited by 
experience and character and at the same time by assur- 
ance of unprejudiced public interest. The greatest 

'Editorial Notes. 
It is not without significance that those who seek to 
applaud Mr. Taft give their strongest approval to those 
points of his character in which he most differs from 
somebody else not named. Speaking "in an imper- 
sonal way" last week, ex-Senator Spooner thanked God 
that as a lawyer Mr. Taft if elected President "will 
know how to observe the Constitutional limitations of 
his office." At a Republican ratification meeting in 
New York, the whole burden of the addresses was Mr. 
Taft's "judicial mindedness," whereat the applause was 
tremendous. Likewise, ex-Secretary Shaw is quoted 
as telling the story of a school teacher who went 
"heeled" with a revolver, a rawhide, and a bowie-knife, 
the moral of the story being in Mr. Shaw's own words 
that "punishment is not the object of education, nor is 
criminal prosecution the aim of government." The 
plain English of all this is that the country is applaud- 
ing in Mr. Taft those phases and elements of character 
which most differentiate him from a certain very active 
gentleman who now sits in the presidential chair. The 
truth is that the country is tired of the rip-snort 
method. It is tired of hollerings and bellerings. It 
wants things done quietly and in order, to the end of 
more repose and a profounder sense of peace and 

Every newspaper in the country^ so far as we have 
seen, is engaged in making up the Taft Cabinet. They 
all give Representative Burton of Ohio the' Secre- 
taryship of State and make Mr. Frank H. Hitchcock 
of Massachusetts Postmaster-General. One curious 
fact is that each of the forty-six States sees with cer- 
tain eye a favorite son of its own in the Cabinet. Up 
in Oregon, for example, they make sure that Senator 
Fulton will be made Secretary of the Interior, while 
here in California we are already addressing George 
Knight as Attorney-General. Curiously enough, no- 
body outside of Oregon or California appears to see 
any likelihood of these assignments. 

The recount in the New York mayoralty contest has 
not given much comfort either to Mr. Hearst or to 
Mr. McClellan. The incident, taken as a whole, 
exhibits Hearst as an arrant pretender and McClellan 
as a man willing to hold office under a questionable 
title. During the past two years Mr. Hearst has 
unceasingly assailed certain conpicuous persons on the 
basis of their presumed participation in a fraudulent 
proceeding. As yet he has not been heard in apology, 
which ri|ay be taken to indicate something of his moral 

The discussions of the past week with respect to 
resolutions of respect for the late President Cleveland 
to be presented to the Denver convention have not been 
seemly. In fifty years the Democratic party has elected 
but one man to the presidency, and that man one of the 
most capable, distinguished, and universally respected 
who ever occupied the presidential office. It would 
seem that the Democratic party ought for once to 
imitate its more successful rival and "point with 
pride." And yet it must be admitted that in the 
character of the Democratic party and the character of 
Grover Cleveland there was little basis for accord or 
sympathy. Cleveland's democracy was a very different 
thing from the democracy of Bryan; Cleveland's 
democracy was so true a thing that the man was never 
in accord with his party and in the end was forced to 
break with it that he might do the work which saved 
the country in a great crisis and which has given him 
imperishable fame. The most curious and anomalous 
thing about Mr. Cleveland is that he should have 
chosen the Democratic party as the vehicle of his 
political activities ; and it is equally curious and anoma- 
lous that the Democratic party should ever have chosen 
Cleveland as its prophet. No man of our day. b 
to any system of opinions or fixed in relationshi 
party, has in truth been less of a Democrat ; 



July 11, 1908. 

racy is interpreted and construed by its accepted 
authorities than Grover Cleveland. 

\Y. J. Bartnett, under sentence of ten years in San 
Quentin prison for breach of trust, deserves all that 
has come to him. The evidence in the case showed 
him up as an unmitigated fraud, one who violated 
unnumbered principles of private honor as well as 
every law which crossed his path. And yet we doubt 
very much if ever for one moment in the course of his 
crooked career Bartnett regarded himself as a scoun- 
drel. He belongs to that type of man, very common if 
the truth be confessed, who can see nothing wrong in 
crooked dealing so long as he does it himself. Bartnett 
held a certain confidence in himself, a certain faith that 
everything would come out right in the end, on the 
basis of a supreme personal conceit. His mind is that 
of a visionary and, what is more, a visionary of large 
moral purposes. If instead of losing the game he had 
won it and come out immensely wealthy, he would no 
doubt have been found endowing churches, orphan 
asylums, and old ladies' homes. His impulses are those 
of a generous and even a religious nature ; he was a 
scoundrel in practice not because he wished to go 
wrong, but because he followed the leading of his 
vanities and delusions. He lacked that cold-blooded 
integrity which looks facts in the face and which takes 
pains to see that the ground is firm before leaping. He 
is a man whose course is guided not by a severe and 
honest judgment, but by impulse. Such men, we have 
said, are common, and very commonly, indeed, they 
rank as good men because opportunity does not come to 
them as it did to Bartnett to go wrong on a scale so 
large as to involve others in their ruin. 

Xobody has ever suspected Mr. William Hoff Cook 
of exceptional powers, either personal or professional. 
True, he did a brilliant stunt or two in connection with 
the search for Mr. Dalzell Robertson some months 
back, having, as we recall it, discovered that Robertson 
shaved himself and changed shirts before leaving the 
city — all of which at the time was duly exploited in 
these columns, which never deny to conspicuous merit 
its meed of appreciation. But, be it noted. Mr. Cook 
has won two convictions in the California Safe Deposit 
business. He has put Mr. J. Dalzell Brown in stripes 
and he has not only convicted Mr. W. J. Bartnett, but 
has gotten him duly under sentence. When this result 
is contrasted with the achievements of Mr. Heney. Mr. 
William Hoff Cook appears in decidedly the better 
light. Whatever Mr. Cook's personal or professional 
powers may or may not be. he has gone about his work 
in sincerity and good temper. He has not attempted 
to try his cases in the newspapers ; he has not attempted 
to do politics; he has not attempted to suborn perjury 
or to make a hero of himself. He has simply gone 
about his business with judgment and industry and — 
the result speaks for itself. Wouldn't it be a good plan 
for the "great prosecutor" to step aside and let Mr. 
William Hoff Cook trv his li3nd in the Ruef case? 

A few days back one Reilly presented for collection 
at the Pendleton, Oregon, postoffice two hundred and 
fifty postal orders for one hundred dollars each. He 
purchased these orders a year ago. fearing to put his 
money in any bank, at the same time fearful personally 
to hide it away. What he wanted was to get his 
money into such form and so placed that the 
integrity of the government would stand pledged for 
its re-payment. Therefore he took a course which 
cost him $75 in fees, at the same time foregoing the 
interest which any savings bank would have paid him. 
The incident is not without its suggestions. Whoever 
has faith in anything has faith in the government. 
One who withdraws his money from a savings bank to 
make sure of it is still willing to entrust it to the gov- 
ernment. If the responsibility of the government had 
been back of our banking system last year, the current 
finances of the country- would not have suffered as they 
did. Perhaps the solution of our panic problem lies 
not so much in projects for emergency currency as in a 
system of postal savings banks in which public con- 
fidence will be unshakable. 

A terra cotta statuette, about twenty-one inches in 
height, representing the goddess Venus, has recently 
been discovered in the Island of Monemvasia, in the 
prefecture of Lacedemonia. The statuette is similar in 
m?ny respects to the Venus of Milo, and the conserva- 
tor of the National Museum at Athens has expressed 
t'-e opinion that it is a reproduction by a local sculptor 
r. ' the statue now in the Louvre. The Venus of 
ionemvasia holds a mirror in the left hand, while the 

jht supports a garment around the hips. 


Republican observers in Ohio seem to think that Taft will 
not exactly have a "walk-over" in that State. There are three 
enemies in his path and we are hearing a good deal of advance 
agent talk as to the mischief that they can do him. These 
three dangers are : 

The labor unions, indignant at the Republican "betrayal." 

The negro voters, resentful over the Brownsville affair. 

The Foraker-Dick contingent, with their old bad habit of 

Xow these look formidable enough in their way, but as is 
usual with lions in the path they wilt perceptibly at close 
quarters. The labor unions are a bogey pure and simple. 
They may have a certain amount of cohesion in strikes and 
dinner-pail agitations, but when it becomes a question of 
national politics something very much like a political con- 
science shows itself and the old historic affiliations assert 

There may, of course, be something in the contention 
that the negro vote will be influenced by the sullen discon- 
tent aroused by the disbanding of the colored troops at 
Brownsville. The incident is still fresh in the memory, while 
Foraker has done his best to rub salt into wounds that would 
otherwise have healed long ago. It may be too much to 
expect any serious political reflection from colored voters or 
any careful discrimination between rival claims, but at the 
same time it is hard to suppose that any considerable number 
of colored votes will be given to Bryan in preference to Taft. 
That way lies political stultification for the negro. However 
great may be Taft's derelictions in negro eyes, it indicated no 
policy of racial antagonism and it therefore sinks into insig- 
nificance when compared with Bryan's attitude as disclosed in 
his Cooper Union speech, when he actually defended the total 
disfranchisement of the negro. Political memories may be 
short, but they are retentive enough of the language used upon 
that occasion by Bryan, when he said : 

The white race in the North and in the South will not per 
mit a few men to take the solid black vote and use it as per 
sonal property for the making of money regardless of the wel- 
fare of the community, and that was done in the South. The 
South is giving the black man better law than the black man 
would give the white man in the South if the black man made 
the law. 

To talk about the alienation of the colored vote because of 
Brownsville without at the same time estimating the effect of 
such language as this is surely futility of a crass kind. 

In the same way the Foraker-Dick opposition has been mag- 
nified out of all recognition. Foraker's congratulations to 
Taft had all the ring of sincerity, and now we have the assur- 
ance that the senator will vote and speak for his former 
opponent. It is true that the old machine has a somewhat evil 
reputation to live down, but even machines may experience a 
change of heart, or of stomach, and we all know that there is 
more joy in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, etc 
Hanna used to complain a good deal of the Foraker crowd. 
He said once : 

When my fellows got licked in a convention or a primary, 
they always whirled in and voted for the ticket, regardless of 
everything else, but when these Foraker fellows are whipped in 
a preliminary contest they refuse to accept defeat. They 
knife the ticket. 

But this is ancient history. If Foraker gets into the cam- 
paign, as he says he will do, it will still further minimize the 
defections in the negro vote. 

There is little reason to doubt that Gompers will get at 
Denver the success denied him at Chicago. Bryan's Com- 
moner gives us an unmistakable forecast of what we may 
expect. A current editorial says : 

In another column reference is made to the injunction 
plank. The injunction plank adopted by the Republican con- 
vention is a retreat from the position taken by the President 
and from the position taken by Secretary Taft in his speeches, 
although neither of them went as far as they ought to have 
gone in their effort to prevent what is known as government 
by injunction. Here is the third retreat. 

In the meantime Gompers and all his cohorts, horse, foot, 
and artillery, have moved upon Denver. Here is the anti- 
injunction pledge that he will present for the consideration of 
pliant Democrats : 

We -pledge ourselves to such legislation as will guarantee to 
workmen those rights necessary to their industrial protection, 
including the right to strike and to induce or persuade others 
to do likewise; and to such legislation as will prevent the 
issuance of restraining orders and injunctions without hear- 
ing ; and guaranteeing trial by jury to persons accused of 
contempt of court if such alleged contempt be not committed 
in the presence of the court, or so near thereto as to obstruct 
the administration of justice. 

It is of course the same one that was rejected at Chicago. 
Gompers refuses to discuss the prospects of success, the means 
to be adopted, or the assurances of support that he has already 
received, but we shall know all about it in a few days. 

It is curious tc note that the injunction becomes repre- 
hensible only when it is used against the labor unions. When 
the unions themselves are aggrieved then the injunction be- 
comes a very present help in time of trouble. The New York 
Times says : 

It may be assumed that the Detroit Metal Polishers, Buffers, 
and Platers' Union has no unconquerable aversion to the 
injunction in labor disputes, for it has just secured an injunc- 
tion forbidding any one, and especially the police, from inter- 
fering with its lawful plans for increasing the membership 
of the union. Apparently the police had interfered with the 
union's use of the streets for the "peaceful solicitation" of 
members of the union, and the police were ordered to stop 
interfering with the use of the streets in any manner, lawful 
for all. If Mr. Gompers were suffering from any unlawful 
limitation of his union's beneficial activities he would find the 
law as useful to him as to this Detroit union. 

Sauce for the goose'is not necessarily sauce for the gander. 
Gompers should disclose his whole hand and ask for what he 
really wants, which is simply a plank to the effect that what- 
ever is obnoxious to or disapproved of by the labor unions is 
hereby and henceforth illegal. 

Whatever may be the fate of the injunction plank at Den- 
ver, we are not likely to get to the end of the agitation for 
some time to come. We may therefore just as well get at a 
clear understanding of what the fuss is all about so as not to 
be misled into the idea that "government by injunction" means 
anything more than a summary prohibition to refrain from 
some contemplated and recognized illegality. The injunction 
forbids a man or a body of men from doing some specific act 
which is already contrary to law and for which the law pro- 
vides a penalty. The injunction forbids the performance of 
an offense ; it does not create a new offense ; its mandate does 
not compel the performance of an act, but the non-perform- 
ance of an act already and admittedly illegal. It enforces 
inaction and not action. 

The Square Deal reminds us that a year ago, when an 
effort was made to restrict the power of the Federal courts in 
injunction cases, the judiciary committee of the United States 
Senate considered carefully the bill brought before it for this 
purpose. At one of the meetings. James M. Beck of New 
York, a lawyer of ability and standing, read from the record 
of the courts in every reported injunction case and a summary 
of this statement shows: 

That in seven cases the court had refused to issue restrain- 
ing orders without a preliminary hearing, not deeming the 
exigency sufficiently great. 

That in every case but one where an injunction was issued 
without a preliminary hearing the court upon a full hearing 
sustained the order made. 

That in every case but one where the issuance of an injunc- 
tion was reviewed by an appellate court the injunctional 
decree was sustained, and even in the one exception the 
injunction was merely modified. 

Such is the actual record, and yet, if we were to judge from 
the fulminations and frothings of Gompers. we should suppose 
that the laborer could no longer call his soul his own and was 
positively unable to draw his pay for fear of an injunction. 

Equally apropos comes a word from Mr. Taft himself. 
Within the last few days a volume entitled "Present-Day 
Problems," by William H. Taft, has been published by Dodd, 
Mead & Co. One of the problems therein handled by the 
Republican nominee is on "The Federal Judiciary," and the 
fact that the chapter in question is the reprint of a speech 
delivered in 1895 is an advantage and not a loss. It shows 
Mr. Taft's views thirteen years ago, and that he includes the 
speech in the present volume is proof that those views have 
been consistently preserved and are still his own. For the 
matter of that the following paragraph might have been 
written yesterday: 

But when the labor unions, as they sometimes do, seek to 
interfere with interstate commerce and to obstruct its flow, they 
are prone to carry out their purposes with such a blare of 
trumpets and such open defiance of law that the proof of 
their guilt is out of their own mouths. The rhetorical indict- 
ment against the Federal courts, that from that which was 
intended as a shield against corporate wrong they have forged 
a weapon to attack the wace-earner, is in this way given a 
specious force which a candid observer will be blind to ignore. 
Thus are united in a common enmity against the Federal 
courts the poDulist and the trade unionist with all those whose 
political action is likely to be affected by such a combination. 
And yet their enmity has no other justification than the dif- 
fering and unavoidable limitations upon the efficacy of judicial 
action in respect to corporate and labor evils. 

As a matter of fact there is nothing in any Federal decision 
directed against the organization of labor to maintain wage? 
and to secure terms of employment otherwise favorable. The 
courts, so far as they have expressed themselves upon the sub- 
ject, recognize the right of men for a lawful purpose to 
combine to leave their employment at the same time, and to 
use the inconvenience this may cause to their employer as a 
legitimate weapon in the frequently recurring controversy as 
to the amount of wages. It is only when the combination is 
for an unlawful purpose, and an unlawful injury is thereby 
sought to be inflicted, that the combination has received the 
condemnation of the Federal as well as of State courts. 

The action of the Federal courts all over the country in the 
recent American Railway Union strike in issuing injunctions 
to prevent further unlawful interference by the strikers with 
the carrying of the mails, and the flow of interstate com- 
merce, followed by the commitment for contempt of the strike 
leaders who defied the injunction served on them, is what has 
called out the official protests of the governors of Illinois and 
Colorado, and the phrase "government by injunction" has been 
invented to describe the alleged usurpation of power by the 
Federal tribunals in this crisis. 

Mr. Taft hits the nail squarely upon the head when he says 
that "the real objection to the injunction is the certainty that 
disobedience will be promptly punished before a court without 
a jury." The law-breaker has a constitutional aversion to 
summary proceedings. He prefers to commit the offense and 
then to take his chance — if indeed it can be called a chance — 
of bamboozling a jury, playing upon its whims and preju- 
dices, and exhausting the last possibilities of legal chicanery- 
Most of all he wants to commit the offense. 

The cry of "government by injunction" grew out of the 
Debs case and from the action of the Federal courts and of 
Grover Cleveland in cutting short the dangerous movement 
that tried to come to a head in Chicago in 1894. The phrase 
was invented by Governor Altgeld. who left law and order to 
look out for themselves and who was indignant when Federal 
powers were invoked to do the duties that he himself had so 
grossly neglected. Now it looks as if the old agitation were 
to become a part of Bryanism. 

The Rotherhithe tunnel, lately opened to the public, 
is the twelfth under the Thames. The first, dug by 
Brunei, was opened in 1843, and is still in use by the 
East London Railway Company. It took eighteen 
years to construct it because of ignorance of the geo- 
logical formations to be encountered. The Tower sub- 
way, now used for gas and water, was built in a year 
bv Barlow, and was opened in 1870. The new tunnel, 
like the Blackwell tunnel finished in 1896. is a capacious 
highway : the others are either footways or "tubes" for 
underground railways. 

H. C. Hansbrough. United States senator from North 
Dakota, was beaten in his fight for renomination at the 

July 11, 1908. 




The Ancient Chapel Royal in London Is the Scene of an 
Interesting Ceremony. 

In the language of diplomacy the marriage between 
Miss Jean Reid and the Hon. John Ward is a fait 
accompli. Nothing was left undone to give the wed- 
ding all the impressiveness of a royal ceremony, while 
popular enthusiasm was so marked and so spontaneous 
as to be a tribute as much to the popularity of Mr. 
Whitelaw Reid as to the graceful charm of his 

At this time of day there is no need to remind any 
one of the beginnings of a romance that has now 
reached its consummation. Miss Reid and Mr. Ward 
met at Biarritz while the latter was in attendance upon 
the king, and the announcement of the betrothal fol- 
lowed at once upon their return to London. Mr. \\ ard 
is a brother of the Earl of Dudley, a special favorite 
of the king, and standing high in the popular regard. 
Indeed there is no marriage of late years that has 
awakened quite so much popular interest or that has 
been marked by quite so much popular approval. 

The royal pew at the Chapel Royal, St. James, was 
well filled yesterday. The king and queen were pres- 
ent, as well as the Prince and Princess of Wales, Prin- 
cess Victoria, the Duke and Duchess of Connaught, 
Princess Patricia of Connaught, Prince and Princess 
Alexander of Teck, and Prince Francis of Teck. The 
bride, escorted by Mr. Whitelaw Reid, arrived at three 
o'clock, and of her costume it may be enough to say 
that it was of satin with bouquets of orange blossoms 
and her veil was of lace. She was followed into the 
church by six little boys and girls, the boys in quaint 
antique garb with nankeen breeches and blue velvet 
shirts and the girls in muslin with blue bows in their 
hair. The chief bridesmaid, Miss Crocker, walked 
alone, dressed also in white muslin and with a blue 
sash. The children were so very young as to be almost 
irresponsible, and when one of them asked in a particu- 
larly audible and penetrating voice how much longer 
the ceremony would be the king and queen showed 
their amusement by broad smiles. 

A telegraphic summary of the proceedings will of 
course have reached California far in advance of this 
letter, and the main facts will already be public prop- 
erty. But it may not be amiss to say that the British 
government was officially represented by the Prime 
Minister and Mrs. Asquith, Sir Edward and Lady 
Grey, Sir Charles and Lady Hardinge, and Mr. and 
Mrs. Lewis Harcourt. From the Reid family came 
Mr. D. O. Mills, Mr. and Mrs. Ogden Mills, Miss Mills. 
Mrs. James Low Harriman, Mrs. J. F. D. Lanier, and 
Miss Bishop. Other Americans present were Mrs. 
Potter Palmer, Lady Newborough, Mrs. Carolyn, Mrs. 
and Miss Ronaldo, Mrs. Hay Ritchie, Miss Feridah 
Taylor, Mrs. Henry Coventry, Mrs. Harold Baring, 
Mrs. Frank Mackey, and Mrs. Marshall Field. Some 
of these people were present at the ceremony, while 
others came only to the subsequent reception. The 
bride and bridegroom left the house almost unobserved, 
but Mr. and Mrs. Whitelaw Reid and a few intimate 
friends were waiting at the entrance hall for the last 
adieux. and as soon as it was known that the chief 
actors had actually departed the guests went their 
respective wavs with good wishes that were all heart- 

There is no literary art that can make a list of wed- 
ding presents look very different from an auctioneer's 
catalogue. The printed word is fatal to the sentiment 
that gives to such things their real and abiding value. 
From the king and queen came a bracelet set with dia- 
monds, but perhaps to be even more cherished is the 
recollection of the private and intimate talk with the 
queen and the kiss that concluded it. Perhaps, too, 
even more precious than gems is the card of congratu- 
lation sent by the king to the bride, and the gram- 
matical lapsus will not lessen its value. The card was 
addressed to "Miss Whitelaw Reid," and this is not the 
lady's correct designation. Eldest or only daughters 
are addressed without the intermediate name, but here 
President Roosevelt was equally at fault, for the card 
accompanying his present bore the words "Miss Jean 
Reid." But the king added another error and one still 
more interesting, for to the phrase "my best wishes" he 
attached the signature "from Edward R." But the 
king's error — if indeed the "King's English" can be in 
error — was one of impulsiveness, and it will not detract 
from the value of the present. Queen Victoria, it may 
be remembered, was similarly prone to deviation from 
strict grammatical rectitude when her emotions were 
concerned. Another royal gift, from the Prince and 
Princess of Wales, took the form of a set of silver 
dinner dishes. Mr. and Mrs. Reid gave a diamond 
tiara and a collar. Mr. Morgan's present was dis- 
tinctive of his sesthetic tastes. He sent a fac-simile of 
an ancient Oriental necklace set with rough and uncut 
emeralds and sapphires. Mr. and Mrs. Carnegie gave 
a large diamond, Mrs. Russell Sage a group of tourma- 
lines and diamonds, Mr. and Mrs. Elihu Root a number 
of gold cups. Mrs. Jennie Crocker a ring of pearls and 
diamonds, Mr. and Mrs. John Jacob Astor a diamond 
pin, while another Jeweled pin came from Mr. W. W. 
Astor. Mrs. Hay sent a silver tray and Lord Rosebery 
a diamond and amethyst drop. There were, of course, 
numberless other presents, a great many of the donors 
remembering that both bride and bridegroom are con- 
noisseurs of old silver and eager collectors. The pres- 
ents of silver alone form a fine collection and many of 
them have a quite extraordinary interest. 

Mr. and Mrs. Reid will spend their honeymoon at 

Lord Dudley's house in Ireland, although they will 
spend a preliminary week in England. When the 
honeymoon is over they will take up their residence in 
Carlton Gardens. Piccadilly. 

Loxdox, July 24, 1908. 


The Bailiff's Daughter of Islington. 

There was a youth, and a well beloved youth, 

And he was an esquire's son ; 
He loved the bailiff's daughter dear 

That lived in Islington. 

She was coy, and she would not believe 

That he did love her so, 
No, nor at any time she would 

Any countenance to him show. 

But when his friends did understand 

His fond and foolish mind, 
They sent him up to fair London, 

An apprentice for to bind, 

And when he had been seven long years. 

And his love he had not seen, 
"Many a tear have I shed for her sake 

When she little thought of me." 

All the maids of Islington 

Went forth to sport and play, 
All but the bailiff's daughter, — 

She secretly stole away. 

She put off her gown of gray. 

And put on her puggish attire. 
She's up to fair London gone 

Her true love to require. 

As she went along the road. 

The weather being hot and dry. 
There was she aware of her true love, 

At length came riding by. 

She stepped to him, as red as any rose. 

And took him by the bridle ring : 
"I pray you, kind sir, give me one penny 

To ease my weary limb." 

"I prithee, sweet heart, canst thou tell me 

Where that thou wast oorn ?" 
"At Islington, kind sir," said she, 

"Where I have had many a scorn." 

"I prithee, sweet heart, canst thou tell me 

Whether dost thou know 
The bailiff's daughter of Islington?" 

"She's dead, sir, long ago." 

"Then will I sell my goodly steed, 

My saddle and my bow, 
I will unto some far countree 

Where no man doth me know." 

"O stay, O stay ! thou goodly youth, 

She's alive, she is not dead ; 
Here she standeth by thy side, 

And is ready to be thy bride." 

"O farewell grief! and welcome joy! 

Ten thousand times and more, 
For now I have seen my own true love 

That I thought I should have seen no -more." 

— Old Ballads. 

Dabbling in the Dew. 

Oh, where are you going to, my pretty little dear, 
With your red rosey cheeks and your coal-black hair ? 

I'm going a-milking, kind sir, she answered me : 

And it's dabbling in the dew makes the milkmaids fair. 

Suppose I were to clothe you, my pretty little dear, 
In a green silken gown and the amethyst rare ? 

O no, sir, O no, sir, kind sir, she answered me. 

For it's dabbling in the dew makes the milkmaids fair ! 

Suppose I were to carry you, my pretty little dear. 
In a chariot with horses, a gray gallant pair? 

O no, sir, O no, sir, kind sir, she answered me. 

For it's dabbling in the dew makes the milkmaids fair ! 

Suppose I were to feast you, my pretty little dear. 
With dainties on silver, the whole of the year? 

O no, sir, O no, sir, kind sir, she answered me, 

For it's dabbling in the dew makes the milkmaids fair ! 

O but London's a city, my pretty little dear, 

And all men are gallant and brave that are there — 

O no, sir, O no. sir, kind sir, she answered me. 

For it's dabbling in the dew makes the milkmaids fair ! 

O fine clothes and dainties and carriages so rare 
Bring gray to the cheeks and silver to the hair ; 

What's a ring on the finger if rings are round the eye ? 
But it's dabbling in the dew makes the milkmaids fair. 
— From "Folk Songs from Somerset." 

The region of Luderitz Bay, where the great diamond 
find is reported, is in the extreme southwest of Africa, 
in a section known as Damara Land, or Hereroland. 
It has a coast line of 460 miles. On the north is 
Guinea, and the British possessions surround it on the 
south and east. The country some years ago came into 
the possession of the Germans. In the mountain 
region it is fertile, and in spots wheat can be raised. 
Copper and iron are said to be abundant, but the 
country has been prospected but little as regards the 
mineral wealth. Since the Germans have been in pos- 
session some attempts have been made to work the 
country. Windhoek is the principal town in the north- 
ern section. The diamond find is many miles from the 
town, and near the coast, in a section of country not 
known heretofore to be rich in diamonds. It is hun- 
dreds of miles from Kimberley and the other diamond- 
producing centres of the British South African posses- 
sions. The country is sparsely populated excepting 

with savages. 

^ *^ ■ 

A New Jersey man recently captured the largest frog 
ever seen at Cedar Grove Reservoir. The hind legs of 
the frog weighed nearly three pounds. Cooked at the 
headquarters of the fire department, the legs served as 
a tid-bit for four men. 


Five touring automobiles, conveying Roger Sullivan 
of Illinois and twenty guests, made the trip from Chi- 
cago to Denver, arriving safely before the convention. 

Elihu Root, Secretary of State, began at Muldoon's 
sanitarium at White Plains, New York, last week a 
course of physical training intended to put him in a 
physical condition for another year of hard work at his 
desk in Washington. 

David B. Hill has repudiated by cablegram an inter- 
view which was published widely as coming from him 
on the day he sailed for Europe. In this interview Mr. 
Hill was quoted as referring to Governor Johnson as 
"the poorhouse candidate," criticising Mr. Bryan, and 
saying that "there is no Democratic party." 

The French ambassador and Mme. Jusserand left 
Washington a few days ago for their home in France 
for the summer season. The charge d'affaires and 
counselor at the embassy, M. de la Fosse, who returned 
from Europe several days ago, is now in Newport, 
where he will establish the embassy for the summer 

It was remarked of the St. Louis efforts to secure 
the place of running-mate with Bryan for D. R. Francis 
that such a combination would recall the late Senator 
Hoar's characterization of the Hayes and Wheeler 
ticket at a ratification meeting in Faneuil Hall. He 
said it reminded him of the Irishman's stone wall, 
whose breadth was greater than its height, so that if it 
fell over it would be higher than it was before. 

President David Starr Jordan of Stanford University 
has been appointed United States representative on the 
international commission which will investigate the 
fishery laws governing the American-Canadian border 
waters. Samuel Torel Bastevo has been appointed as 
the British commissioner. They will report on a code 
of laws for the preservation of the fisheries. The com- 
mission was provided for in a treaty ratified at the last 
session of the Senate at Washington. 

William J. Bryan and William H. Taft will speak in 
Lincoln on consecutive days during September, and it 
is possible each will listen to the other. That is the 
announcement made at Governor Sheldon's office, fol- 
lowing correspondence with Mr. Bryan and Mr. Taft 
by W. R. Neller, secretary of the Nebraska Board of 
Agriculture. Promises, it was said, had been made by 
both men to attend the Nebraska State Fair and make 
addresses, but the exact dates were not announced. 

Director S. N. D. North of the Census Bureau is 
already getting ready for the thirteenth census. It was 
hoped by Mr. North that the Crumpacker bill to pro- 
vide for this and subsequent decennial censuses would 
be passed the last session of Congress, but it failed of 
enactment along with numerous other measures of 
importance by reason of the rush at the close of the 
session and the anxiety of the Congress leaders to 
hurry the session to an end. It will cost about $14,- 
000,000 to take the census. 

President Roosevelt authorized Secretary Loeb to 
make public a statement regarding the story that young 
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., is going to work for the Steel 
Trust this summer. The President was angry, because 
he says the story seems to imply that he might be 
influenced in his attitude toward the trust by his son's 
going to work for it. Secretary Loeb sets forth that 
the President has no direct knowledge that the firm by 
which young Roosevelt is to be employed is controlled 
by the trust, and that in any event the boy is merely to 
work as a laborer. 

Assistant Attorney-General A. B. Pugh has issued a 
statement in regard to the land conspiracy case which 
resulted in the conviction of Frederick A. Hyde and 
Joost H. Schneider and the acquittal of John A. Ben- 
son and Henry P. Dimond. He declares that while the 
trial cost the government $48,360, the beneficial results 
to the Land Department in the future administration of 
the public land laws are beyond calculation. The net 
result will be the restoration to the government of 
more than 100,000 acres of public lands; valued at about 

William R. Hearst failed to establish his right to 
the mayoralty of New York through his contest of 
Mayor McClellan's election and the recount of the bal- 
lots in court. He professes to be content with the out- 
come, however, and says: "The fight was not to make 
me mayor, but to secure an honest count of the votes 
cast by the citizens. In the face of enormous and 
unnecessary difficulties that count has been secured, and 
hereafter it will not be possible for election thieves to 
commit frauds in secrecy and security behind the bar- 
rier of the law." 

Charles P. Grandfield, who has succeeded First 
Assistant Postmaster-General Frank H. Hitchcock as 
the important managing head of the Postoffice Depart- 
ment, has come up through the ranks of the postal 
sendee from the lowest ranks. For a number of years 
the new first assistant to the Postmaster-General was 
head of the division of salary and allowances, and 
when Mr. Hitchcock left the department to devote all 
his time to advancing the presidential aspirations of 
Secretary Taft he recommended Grandfield for de- 
served promotion on a purely merit basis. He is con- 
sidered most capable by his bureau associates in Wash- 
ington official circles. 


July 11, 1908. 


By Jerome A. Hart. 

When Yarrow held forth to Alden on the merits of 
the city's foreign restaurants he had not boasted un- 
duly. The foreign element among the gold-seekers left 
a marked impress on the population. Among these 
foreign colonies, the largest was the French. The 
exiled Gauls had two daily newspapers to speak for 
them; they had a theatre, at which both plays and 
comic operas were given, and they were leaders in 
much of the city's pleasure-taking. One of the most 
important banks, that of Desroches & Beam, was 
French; its financial affiliations were direct with Paris 
rather than with New York. Several minor banks 
were French in their ownership and connections. The 
restaurants most affected by the social and political 
leaders of the time were all French. Xo city in the 
United States, save only New Orleans, had what could 
at that time compare with these restaurants in excel- 

Mercadon's Rotisserie, of all the restaurants, was the 
one most resorted to by the wealth and fashion of the 
day. It was an evolution of the cook-shop of Lutetia — 
the kind of place in which Francois Villon might have 
had a stolen goose roasted for himself and his Mie 
Margot. The kitchen was paraded in the front, not 
hidden in the back, as is the case with most restau- 
rants, or buried in the cellar, as are the kitchens of 
modern Paris. To reach their seats the guests passed 
amid the white-capped chefs and the white-clad marmi- 
tons; passed by the ranges covered with casseroles 
containing savory concoctions, and the open roasting 
fires, before which slowly revolved joints of beef, 
saddles of lamb, mountain quail, canvas-back; passed 
between long rows of brightly burnished copper sauce- 
pans. There the wise epicure would stop and counsel 
with the chef concerning the day's delicacies ; would 
waver between a pompano and a mountain-trout; 
would debate the merits of a domestic turkey fed on 
chestnuts, or a red-head duck fed on wild celery. 
Sometimes such an epicure, after outlining an elaborate 
repast, would catch a whiff from a giant crock wherein 
had gently simmered for forty-eight hours some tripes 
a la mode de Caen, a dish which the chef prepared but 
once a week. Often the wise epicure — knowing that 
even a Gargantua could partake of but a single course 
if he began with that one — would abandon his artificial 
menu, and frankly fill himself up with the Normandy 
delicacy, lost to all shame. Another gastronome would 
order Boudin Richelieu, and watch the chef removing 
the white meat of a spitted chicken, making it into a 
toothsome saucisse, and sauteing it deftly with a deli- 
cate sauce mousseline. These culinary processes, under 
the very eyes of the waiting trenchermen, added enor- 
mously to their enjoyment — the sight meant anticipa- 
tion as well as deglutition and digestion. 

Seated at a table by himself was an elderly French- 
man, wearing the moustache and imperial so often 
seen during the golden days of the Third Napoleon. 
Standing deferentially by his side was Pierre Merca- 
don. the proprietor of the restaurant, taking down the 
dinner order of the great French banker. 

"And that will be all," he concluded, "a cup of 
consomme, a quail aux choux, some gruyere, and 

"Bien, Monsieur Desroches," replied Pierre, briskly, 
starting for the front of the restaurant to give the 
order. As he did so, he stood aside respectfully to let 
a newcomer pass, bowing low, and saying to a waiter, 
"Attention — a table for Monsieur le Gouverneur." 

"Never mind another table. Peere," said Governor 
Jackson ; "I'll sit here with Mossoo Desroches, if he'll 
let me." 

"Very glad to have you, I'm sure," replied Des- 

When seated, the governor affably asked Desroches's 
advice about his dinner. But it soon developed that 
the meagre menu of the French banker was unsuited 
to his excellency's appetite, and he ordered a more 
substantial meal. 

"And now, what'll we have to drink?" queried the 
governor in rotund tones. 

Desroches reflected. "Hum !" said he ; "suppose we 
try a bottle of Chateau Margaux — I mean the real Mar- 
gaux, governor — not the kind that's for sale at every 
hotel for four dollars a bottle when it sells for more 
than that at the vineyard. I don't know what that 
hotel wine is made of — out of almost anything — 
even grapes at times. Now I have a lot that was sent to 
me as a present by the Vicomte Aguado, the owner of 
the Margaux vineyard; it came on the last French 
ship arriving here from Bordeaux." 

"But how does it happen that you have it at this res- 
taurant?" asked the governor in surprise. 

"Most of it is up at my house on the hill ; but I dine 
here frequently, and so I have Pierre keep some of it 
here for me. Why should I not? Money is to spend, 
wine to drink. There is a French proverb, 'When the 
wine is poured it is to drink.' So here's to you." 

"Good luck," returned the governor, pledging his 
table companion in the generous vintage. 

"How do you like it?" asked the banker. "It's of 
the famous vintage of the Comet Year." 

"It's fine," replied the governor, without enthusiasm. 
"Bv/. if you don't mind, I'll put a little sugar in mine. 
I don't really care much for these sour clarets. Say, 
Pe> re, gimme some sugar." 

' "he countenance of Pierre as he watched the head of 

the State putting sugar in the Chateau Margaux grand 
cru was a study. 

"And now, Desroches," said the governor, sipping his 
sangaree, "tell me what vou hear about the senatorial 

The voices of both men were lowered as they leaned 
together across the table and continued their talk. 

Across the way were seated two other diners who 
had cordially saluted both the governor and Desroches. 
These two — also talking in low tones, and also about 
the senatorial contest — were Colquhoun and DeKay, 
both Southerners, followers of Wyley, and friends of 

"I hear that Fox has sent that nephew of his, young 
Alden, over into El Dorado, to run for the legislature," 
said Colquhoun; "if he's elected, that would ostensibly 
mean a vote for Fox for senator, but in reality a vote 
for Burke." 

"Yes," replied DeKay, "but haven't you heard what 
happened to him?" 

"No — what was it?" 

"Alden was on the stage going from Yubaville to 
El Dorado, when it was held up by road-agents, and he 
and the stage-driver got all shot up." 

"No! — How did you hear of it?" 

"Eugene Yarrow is just down from the valley; he 
was up at Helmont's ranch, where Alden had been 
taken to recover from his wounds." 

"This may interfere with Alden's election," sug- 
gested Colquhoun. 

"No, I hardly think so. The people at El Dorado 
are in a wild excitement, Yarrow tells me. They have 
threatened to lynch any man who doesn't vote for 
Alden. so he'll be elected unanimously. The whole 
town is scouring the mountains for the road-agents. 
They think it is the Basquez gang." 

"Let's see — that gang was supposed to have been 
started to revenge the lynching of some Mexican 
woman at Yubaville. wasn't it?" 

"So they say, and all the greasers sympathize with 
them, help them, hide them, and throw dust in the eyes 
of their pursuers. But then there has always been 
some greaser gang out on the road." 

"Yes," assented Colquhoun, "ever since Joaquin 
Murieta was caught and killed, there have been so 
many gangs that most of the Mexicans believe he's still 

"He oughtn't to be, considering how many of his 
heads there are in pickle." 

"That's so — there must be a head of Joaquin in alco- 
hol in nearly every first-class saloon in the State." 

"Or in mescal," rejoined DeKay, dryly, "that gives it 
more of a Mexican flavor." 

"This fellow Basquez probably took the name of 
Joaquin to fool the greasers. He's a cool head, 
though." went on Colquhoun. "Some weeks ago Gov- 
ernor Jackson over there issued a proclamation begin- 
ning, T John,' and so forth, going on to offer three 
thousand dollars for Basquez's head. Last week the.e 
rode up to the stage station at Alder Creek, only a few 
miles from Sacrosanto, a good-looking greaser, with 
silver-mounted saddle, bridle, and spurs, riding a buck- 
skin bronco. He stopped at the stage station, read the 
proclamation on the wall, wrote something under it, 
and rode away. When the station agent looked to see 
what the man had written, he found added to the 
proclamation the words: 'I will raise the re-deard to ten 
thousand dollars. Joaquin Basque:.' Rather brash 
business, wasn't it?" 

"Brash! I should say so! But they may get him 
yet for this shooting of Fox's nephew. If the whole 
country turns out, so large a gang will find it difficult 
to hide." 

"Fox will keep the people stirred up — he realizes that 
it keeps him and his nephew in the limelight. He has 
an itch for office, although he has no chance for the 

"If he doesn't stop rowing with Tower, he is more 
apt to fill a hole in the ground than a seat in the 

"Right you are. Fox doesn't know the kind of man 
he is antagonizing. Tower is the most dangerous man 
I ever knew. He is absolutely without fear, is of an 
ungovernable temper, and as revengeful as an Indian. 
He has been out on the field only once because every- 
body's afraid of him. Did you ever hear of his affair 
with Welton?" 

"No — what was it?" inquired DeKay. 

"It started in the courtroom. Tower became in- 
volved in a quarrel with another attorney named Wel- 
ton, who challenged him. Tower named as his condi- 
tions 'pistols at five paces.' Welton weakened, and had 
to wear the white feather. When I asked Tower why 
he made such extraordinary conditions, he replied: 
'Welton is a dead shot with the pistol. I am not. But 
if Welton lacks nerve, he may miss me, even at five 
paces, but I know I can hit him at five.' The mere 
idea of five paces scared Welton." 

"I don't know as I blame him much — at five paces 
two men would almost touch the muzzles of each 
other's pistols. That's fighting, that is. No wonder 
Fox is shy of Tower." 

"Fox will never fight him; he keeps out of Tower's 
way. There are four men in the State who seem 
paired off by fate to fight — Wyley against Burke, and 
Tower against Fox. But Fox seems to try persistently 
to antagonize his leader Burke against Tower." 

"Who really has no quarrel with Burke. While on 
the other hand, our own revered chieftain," hinted 
DeKay, "seems by no means eager to rush to the field 
of honor with the Short Hairs' leader, Burke." 

"Still, Wyley has been out a number of times, 
colonel," said Colquhoun, in a corrective tone. 

"Oh, yes, I know that. I am not questioning his 
courage — only commenting on his discretion. But why 
should he hunt for a duel? If he simply walks warily 
Fox will succeed in embroiling Burke in some trouble 
with Tower." 

"With whom he has no quarrel whatever." 

"Very true, but if one does not arise naturally a 
cause will be forced upon them, mark my words," re- 
sponded DeKay. "But here's Yarrow — How are you, 
Eugene? — come over here and join us." 

But even as he spoke the two diners across the way 
were also demanding with insistent cordiality that the 
newcomer should sit at their table. For a moment 
Yarrow stood irresolute between the two tables; then 
with a quick glance, noting that there were no political 
or personal vendettas between the four, he cried 

"See how popular a man can make himself simply by 
going away ! Boys, let's join forces. You have all 
dined and so have I. So let's bring the tables together 
and take a post-prandial. Do I hear any objection? 
I hear none, and with the governor's permission it is 
so ordered." 

Pierre and his waiters made haste to bring the two 
tables together, and Yarrow so contrived it that the 
governor sat at the head. 

"Xow, boys, what shall it be?" cried Yarrow. 
"Governor, what will you take? A whisky punch — 
good. Pierre, a whisky punch for Governor Jackson. 
Desroches, I know what you will have — une fine, n'est- 
ce pas? Pierre, a fine champagne for Monsieur Des- 
roches. Colquhoun? whisky. Pierre, a whisky straight 
for Mr. Colquhoun. Colonel? The same. Two whis- 
kies. As for me, Pierre, you may make for me one of 
those individual pousse-cafes of yours — a chasse-cafe 
confected by your own hands. And be careful in pour- 
ing it, Pierre." 

"Bien, monsieur," replied the beaming Pierre, as he 
gazed around to note the effect produced on other 
diners by his distinguished guests. 

"You have been away, Eugene," said Desroches, 
looking at the young man with kindly eyes. "Where 
have you been hiding yourself?" 

"I went up to look after some mineral lands my 
father owns on the edge of the Salsipuedes desert," re- 
plied Yarrow. "They're worked out as placer dig- 
gings, and are no use now to placer miners or other 
men without capital. Still, continual watching is re- 
quired to keep jumpers off. The miners suspect there 
is some hidden treasure there." 

"So do you apparently," replied Desroches. laughing. 

"Yes, but the claim-jumpers are sure of it and we 
are not," replied Yarrow. "We have yet to develop the 

"I thought you told me you'd been up to Helmont's 
ranch," interrupted DeKay. 

"Yes, I did stop over there for a flying visit." replied 
Eugene, carelessly. "But as I was saying about our 
mineral land, the claim-jumpers hope to hold it ad- 
versely to us, and be bought off. The Vigilantes up 
there are rather a tough lot. and the claim-jumpers all 
belong to the Vigilantes." 

DeKay pointed to a formidable array of bottles which 
a waiter held on a tray behind Pierre. "Are these all 
for you, Eugene?" he asked. 

"Yes," laughed Yarrow, "each bottle is, but not all 
of every one. Observe the skill of Master Pierre." 

With becoming gravity Pierre took bottle after bottle, 
and poured a minute quantity from each into a tiny 
liqueur glass, followed by the eyes of guests and 

"What have you got there, Yarrow?" inquired the 
governor, "I am fond of mixed beverages, but I never 
saw so many bottles used to make a single drink." 

"It is an individual pousse-caf e," replied Yarrow. 
"You see, for a sub-stratum Pierre first pours into the 
bottom of the glass a little old cognac — the same fine 
champagne that Desroches has there. Then on top of 
that he pours, successively, little layers of white maras- 
chino, Benedictine, Kirschwasser, Kummel, anisette, 
yellow chartreuse, curacoa, creme de menthe, Italian 
vermouth, and green chartreuse. That is the char- 
treuse he is pouring now — the final layer. Is not the 
beverage a work of art?" 

Beaming with pride, Pierre deftly poured the last 
brimming drop from the final bottle, which he sweep- 
ingly handed to an obsequious waiter. The tiny glass 
shone and sparkled with color from the various layers 
of liqueurs. Each liqueur lay superimposed upon the 
other, its color sharply defined. 

"How do vou drink it, Yarrow ?" inquired the gov- 
ernor; "do you shake it up?" 

"Good God! No!" replied Yarrow, with a wither- 
ing look. "The charm of such a pousse-cafe is that 
each successive layer shall follow its predecessor on the 
palate. Were it to be shaken up it would be as vulgar 
as a — a — a" — looking at the governor's empty glass — 
"as a sangaree sipped through, a straw." 

"Peere !" suddenly cried the governor to the atten- 
tive proprietor, "gimme one of those" — pointing to 
Yarrow's glass — "but make it in a goblet." 

"You say in a goblet, monsieur?" inquired the stupe- 
fied Pierre. 

"Yes — in a big glass like this," replied his excellency, 

Shaking his head in a melancholy manner Pierre 
began his task of compounding a gigantic pousse-cafe 
for the chief magistrate, while Desroches and Yarrow 
looked at one another with amused glances. 

"Apropos of mixed drinks, governor," said Yarrow, 

July 11, 1908. 



"did you ever tackle that Jersey beverage called 'Stone 
Fence' ?" 

"Never even heard of it," replied his excellency. 
"What's it like?" 

"It's made of whisky and hard cider — Jersey whisky 
at that," interrupted DeKay. "I drank one once — just 
one — and I was stunned for three days. It was awful," 
he added feelingly, 

"Some mixed drinks are apt to have that effect," said 
Yarrow meaningly, as the goblet of liqueurs was placed 
before his excellency. 

"Speaking of whisky, reminds me that this town has 
changed greatly in a few years," said Colquhoun, "and 
the change seems to have come when the price of 
whisky changed." 

"The court is with you," assented DeKay. "It's a 
very different town from what it was when whisky was 
four bits a drink." 

"You are right, genlmn," remarked the governor, 
somewhat thickly, but with much dignity. "I can re- 
member distinctly when I could have bought fifty-vara 
lots in this town for twelve dollars apiece. Those were 
good old times. Whisky was four bits a drink then." 

"Money was plenty then, too," added Colquhoun, 
gloomily. "And there were plenty of chances to 
make it." 

"Yes, and men made it so easily that they paid no 
attention to it," commented DeKay. "You all know 
Brewer — Colonel Tom Brewer — the silver-tongued ora- 
tor, you know. Well, one day, in the old times, Brewer 
found he was busted — clean, flat broke. He borrowed 
some money to settle his poker debts, and then got 
ready to go to the mines. On his way he met a banker 
friend of his — not liis banker, but a banker. Friend 
asked where he was going. 'To the diggings,' says 
Brewer, 'I'm broke.' 'Nonsense,' says the friend, 'you 
got over five thousand dollars in my bank.' Brewer 
wouldn't believe him. 'Come along,' says the banker, 
'and we'll see.' Sure enough — there it was. Brewer 
had deposited it there — clean forgot it. Here, Pierre, 
take the gentlemen's orders." 

"Then there was Judge Higgins," added Colquhoun. 
"He had to take a hundred-vara lot for a legal fee — 
client couldn't pay anything else. Sold it two years 
later for three hundred thousand dollars and went back 
to the States." 

"The case of Leidesdorff, the Danish consul, was the 
most peculiar," remarked Desroches. "He died heavily 
in debt, and his estate was supposed to be bankrupt. 
Before it could be probated and distributed, his beach 
and water lots increased so much in value that his 
estate was appraised at over three millions." 

"They say Burke has made a large fortune out of his 
beach and water lots," said Colquhoun. "I've heard 
him rated at over half a million. That's a great deal 
of money to make in a few years." 

"He'll need it all before the senatorial campaign is 
through," interjected DeKay. "He's spending money 
like water, from all I hear." 

"S-s-s-s-h !" murmured Yarrow in a low tone. "Here 
he comes now — and with Sophia Lucretia." 

It was indeed the successful political boss. Master 
of many men, he was now the willing slave of one 
woman. The dashing Miss Leigh acknowledged smil- 
ingly the salutations of the group of men, most of 
whom she knew, and led the way to a corner table, 
whence she could command the crowded room. This 
table had evidently been reserved for Senator Burke 
and his companion, for the ubiquitous Pierre was 
already standing beside it as they approached, waiting 
to turn down the chairs. Pierre presented the bill of 
fare, and while the new arrivals were scanning it, they 
were the chief topic for those in the room. 

"Miss Leigh is looking very handsome tonight," ob- 
served Yarrow. 

"Dem fine looking woman," replied DeKay. 

"Seems like Burke was the favorite now," remarked 
Colquhoun. "For a time Tower and Burke were neck 
and neck." 

"But now, begad, Burke has taken the pole, and 
Tower is left at the post," responded DeKay. 

"I hear she has quite a fortune in her own right — an 
orphan, only child, and that sort of thing," remarked 

"So I have heard," agreed DeKay. 

Desroches was silent, but the ends of his white mous- 
taches went up. and a subtle smile curled round his 
lips. Probably the banker knew, better than any one 
there, who kept Sophia Lucretia's bank account re- 

"Well, gentlemen," said Colquhoun, looking at his 
watch, "I'm sorry, but I must be going. Eugene, if 
you'll punch the governor there, I'll say good-night to 
him first, according to his rank." 

The governor, in effect, had yielded to the too potent 
goblet of liqueurs. His head had fallen forward on 
the table, and he was wrapped in profound if audible 

"I think," said Yarrow, mildly shaking the executive 
shoulder, "it must have been the green chartreuse — it 
is not well to take it wholesale. Wake up, governor ! 
Wake up!" And Yarrow hummed gaily: 

" 'Green-eyed Chartreuse 1 

The green, not the yellow ! 
The taste and the smell — oh, 
Who could refuse ?' " 

With a snort, and the exclamation "What's that?" 
several times repeated, his excellency opened his 
slightly bleary eyes, and returned to earth. 

The party paid their score, and as they were escorted 
to the door by the bowing Pierre, DeKay said to Col- 
quhoun : 

"Just look at that couple, will you ! Did you ever 
see a pair so much wrapped up in each other?" 

"Never did, colonel," replied Colquhoun, "it looks to 
me as if they had everything all fixed. I shouldn't be 
surprised if their engagement was announced any day. 
Good-night, governor. You'll see the governor home, 
will you, Eugene? That's right. Good-night." 

And what were the couple saying whose deep interest 
in one another had excited the comment of the group 
of men? They were not talking of love — at least not 
at that moment. Later they did. But both the begin- 
ning and the ending of their conversation would have 
greatly amazed the group that had just gone. 

It was Sophia Lucretia who was speaking, and her 
lowered tone and earnestness showed that she was 
deeply interested : 

"And you really mean to tell me, senator," she was 
saying, "that old Wyley sent to you and offered to make 
a compromise? Why, who would ever have dreamed 
of such a thing?" 

"Yes," replied Burke. "It was only yesterday that 
he sent me a note which Colonel Quirk brought, with 
a request for an answer by private hand. In his note 
Wyley said that if I would withdraw my opposition to 
him for the long term, he would permit me to name the 
next governor of the State. He to permit ! He to per- 
mit me!" closed Burke with a sneer. 

"Yes, indeed! The idea!" echoed Sophia Lucretia 
indignantly. "And what did you reply?" 

"I wrote him," replied Burke slowly, as if relishing 
the taste of his own words, "I wrote him in this lan- 
guage, namely, as follows : 'Senator Wyley is hereby 
informed that Senator Burke intends to name the gov- 
ernor without Senator Wyley's permission' " 

"Gracious me! Wasn't that cutting? And what 
did he say to that?" asked Sophia Lucretia. 

"Nothing," replied Burke, laughing harshly. "What 
could he? There was nothing for him to say." 

For some moments the lady was silent, overcome 
with her own importance. She was, she said to her- 
self, probably the only person in the city, outside of the 
two concerned, who knew of this fateful message. 

"Your confidence is complimentary, but don't you 
think, senator, that you're unwise in confiding secrets 
to a woman ?" she asked archly. "And particularly 
state secrets?" 

Burke gazed at her with fire in his eyes. "I would 
confide anything to you," he exclaimed in passionate 
tones. "Besides," he added with an unintentional but 
ludicrous anticlimax, "besides, you need not keep this 
a secret. I have no objection to letting everybody 
know it." 

It was not a tactful speech, and the lady frowned. 
But Burke was no courtier, and his training as fireman 
and politician had not made him a polished squire of 
dames. So Sophia Lucretia unbent her arched eye- 
brows, and smiled again. The poor man didn't mean 
to be ungallant when he offered to share with the 
whole city an exclusive confidence between the two of 
them. Like many other self-made men she knew, his 
bluntness and brusqueness were often due to a lacking 
sense of the fitness of words — and sometimes of the 
fitness of actions, for she had found some self-made 
men so lacking in tact as to be almost obtuse at times. 

This turned out to be one of the times. Burke sat 
for some moments gazing at her with gloating eyes. 
Probably even he would not have deliberately selected 
a crowded restaurant as the place for what he was 
about to say. Certainly she would not, even if she had 
expected it. But how it came about Burke never knew. 
On the heels of his confidence about the Wyley letter 
he found himself telling her the deepest secrets of his 
senatorial fight — telling her of his early struggles — 
telling her of his high ambitions — pleading passionately 
for her love — and in a final burst asking, nay, demand- 
ing, that she should be his wife. 

When Sophia Lucretia at last understood him — for 
although a slow talker, his words tonight came like a 
whirlwind — she burst into a peal of laughter. Wounded 
and angered, he regarded her sternly in silence for a 
time; at last he saw by her inability to stop and by a 
rush of tears that she was hysterical. His stern face 
relaxed, and he mercifully gave her time to recover 
herself. When she had partly regained her self- 
control, she sobbed: 

"Oh, senator, have you never guessed?" 

"Guessed?" he said, in wonder. "Guessed what? 
What do you mean ?" 

"Oh, I ought to have told you — I know I ought," she 
moaned. "Mammy told me to tell you. But I was 

"Tell me what?" he asked, uneasily. "What is it 
that I ought to have been told?" 

"Oh, senator," she stammered, "you must forgive me 
— but I can't marry you — I'm married already." 

"What! Married!" ejaculated Burke, "married 
already ! And to whom, in God's name ?" 

"To General Salem," whimpered the lady, "we were 
married only last week, and it's a profound secret." 
And once more the tears began to flow. 

Burke was deprived of his power of speech. Mar- 
ried to Salem ! That this beautiful creature, whom he 
passionately loved, should have wedded that bald- 
headed old wreck and roue — this to him was as incom- 
prehensible as it was bitter. 

Long afterwards he remembered it, as one does a 
dream — he remembered rising, assisting Sophia Lu- 
cretia with her wrap, escorting her to the door, putting 
her in her carriage, and then walking home through 
the fog, trying to understand the blow — and failing. 


Copyright 1908 by Jerome A. Hart. 


Mrs. Roosevelt and Miss Ethel Roosevelt have been 
decorated by the Sultan of Turkey with the jewels of 
the order Nichani Shefakat, which has for its motto 
"pity, mercy, kindness." 

John D. Rockefeller is writing a sketch of his life 
which, as he will state in his introduction to the pub- 
lished work, is designed "to shed light on matters that 
have been somewhat discussed." 

Dr. Osier and Winston Spencer Churchill are com- 
petitors for the lord rectorship of Edinburgh Uni- 
versity. Dr. Osier will admit that his years are against 
him. In other respects he seems the more appropriate 

Miss Amy Bernardy, instructor in Italian at Smith 
College, and for the past three months special investi- 
gator for the Italian government, sailed for Naples a 
few days ago to make a report on the condition of 
Italian women and children in the North Atlantic 
division of the United States for the Board of Immi- 
gration of the Foreign Office of the Italian government 
at Rome. 

The Dalai Lama, who fled from Lhasa on the 
approach of the British expedition in 1904, is offered 
many inducements by the Chinese government to return 
to his country. The Lama has, so far, preferred to 
remain in China, and his presence has proved a very 
serious burden upon the officials of the districts he has 
visited, as he is followed by an enormous number of 
retainers and baggage animals, for whom the local 
magistrates have to find supplies. 

Walton Van Loon, a venerable resident of Catskill, 
New York, publishes a pamphlet undertaking to prove 
that his ancestor, Piet Van Loon, discovered the Hudson 
River in 1581, or eleven years before Henry Hudson's 
voyage in the Half Moon — Piet Van Loon having 
entered the continent by way of the St. Lawrence and 
thence proceeding southward into the Hudson River 
Valley. It is not probable, however, that the river's 
name will ever be changed from Hudson to Van Loon. 

Mrs. Susa Young Gates of Utah, who was chosen 
alternate delegate to the Republican National Conven- 
tion, is the daughter of the late Brigham Young, and 
is one of the most prominent adherents of the Mormon 
Church, of which her father was the head. She has 
made her mark in her own State as an educator, editor, 
and author. She founded a successful journal and has 
written numerous biographies of leading Mormons, as 
well as fiction, etc. She is a member of the National 
Council of Women and of the National Press Club, and 
is connected with a number of important organizations 
in Utah. 

Sidney Kidman, the Australian cattle king, is now in 
London on his first visit. He probably owns more of 
the British empire than any one other man. At four- 
teen he was earning $2.50 a week and now he has 49,216 
square miles of land standing in his name. He began 
life as a teamster and gradually worked his way up 
until he was the largest horse dealer and cattle owner 
in Australia. He owns 100,000 cattle and 10,000 horses, 
but is not quite satisfied with his business methods. He 
says that he is coming to this country to try and get a 
job on a ranch as a cowboy so that he can find out the 
inside of the American methods. 

William II succeeded to the throne of Prussia and 
thus became third German emperor twenty years ago 
last month. His father had only reigned ninety-nine 
days, while William I had been Kaiser for a little over 
seventeen years, though of course his reign as King of 
Prussia had lasted from 1861 to 1888, a period of 
twenty-seven years. The reign of William II as Ger- 
man Kaiser has now, therefore, been longer than that 
of his grandfather by nearly three years, and on the 
whole it has been a very momentous and memorable 
one. But throughout his reign — which is longer than 
the average — Germany has never once drawn the sword 
in Europe itself. 

J. Pierpont Morgan had the title doctor of laws con- 
ferred upon him recently by Yale. Mr. Morgan comes 
from a family of eminent scholars, poets, theologians, 
jurists and statesmen. He is the great-great-grandson 
of the Rev. James Pierpont, but for whom, perhaps, 
there might not have been any Yale College to make the 
great history which is the legitimate boast of that insti- 
tution. The Yale trustees found ample justification in 
a present representative of this distinguished family, to 
which the institution owed so much, to show that they 
had grateful memories. "The degree is awarded with 
special reference to Mr. Morgan's public service to the 
nation in mitigating the panic of last fall." 

The story that Germany's leading tenor, Heinrich 
Knote, visited Jean de Reszke in Paris disguised as a 
peddler, is, after all, true. Jean and his wife were 
simply amazed at the beauty of his voice, its volume, 
its dramatic power, and Jean exclaimed: "Sir, I engage 
you at once for the Opera. You have gold in your 
throat." Knote writes to a friend : "The incident was 
really most droll, and it cost me a terrific effort to play 
my role to the end without laughing. Jean de Reszke 
aroused my enthusiasm to such a degree that I have 
decided to follow the capital advice of Mr. X and go, 
next winter, to study with him, together with my young 
wife, who has a beautiful soprano voice. He has most 
kindly consented to take us, and we look fo rj to 
that time eagerly." 


July 11. 1908. 


A New 'Writer Takes Front Rank with a First 

Where is the literary toper who does not 
know the thrill with which the new novel, 
picked at haphazard from the shelf, is recog- 
nized as a gem of the first water ? How piti- 
fully few are such discoveries in the tawdry 
monotony of quite modern fiction ; with what 
delight we surrender to the charm of the 
opening pages and abandon ourselves to the 
luxury of a feast so unforeseen. To the 
mind's eye the very covers of that book 
henceforth have a certain radiance as though 
exhaling exultation over the good things with- 
in. What a pity it is, by the way, that books 
have no outward and visible sign of such in- 
ward and spiritual grace as the}' may possess, 
something beyond the tampering touch of ad- 
vertiser and critic and that shall be as accu- 
rately legible at a glance as a good heart and 
a clean life. Perhaps indeed they have some 
such aura had we ourselves but the grace to 
see it, which unfortunately we have not. 

A literary diamond such as the above may 
suggest — was at least intended to suggest — has 
just come out of the clay. It is by a new 
writer, Edward C. Booth, and its name is 
"The Post Girl." It is a story of infinite 
grace and tenderness and withal of such 
humor that we hardly know whether to give 
the palm to the inimitable portraiture of a 
Yorkshire village with its aggregated ignor- 
ances, meannesses, and nobilities, or to the 
irresistible characters that are drawn in such 
number and with such exuberant vitality. 
Two at least of these characters are distinct 
creations, hot from the forge of the imagina- 
tion. There is his reverence, the vicar, and 
there was never his like before upon the 
printed page. And there is Pam, the post 
girl, more bewitching than Barrie's Babbie, 
greater as a woman and as a sweetheart more 
adorable. If Pam is -only a post girl, we 
know that his reverence has it right when he 
says that her unknown origin is certainly not 
that of a Yorkshire village. She has "the in- 
stincts of the bath. Tubs herself like an 
officer of dragoons. Doesn't dress herself 
first and then put a polish on her face with 
a piece of soapy flannel, taking care to rub 
the lather well in. Ha ! that's our Ullbrig 
way. Leave the neck for Sunday, and rub 
the soap well in." 

A visitor comes to Ullbrig in the form of 
Maurice Wynne, a young musician who wants 
rest for his great composition. The first time 
he tries his piano, late at night, he hears a 
movement in the shrubbery and, jumping 
through the open window, he is just in time 
to catch Pam : 

"To tell the truth," he said, "I hardly know 
what to think myself, so it's no use saying I do. 
I thought perhaps . . . poultry, first of all; hut 
your voice doesn't sound a bit like poultry, and 
I'm sure you don't look it. And I don't think it 
was apples, either, though you'd got the right gate 
for those. Besides, apples don't count . . . that 
way. I've gathered them myself at this time of 
night before now, and been hauled back over the 
wall by a leg. We don't think anything of that." 

"It was the piano," she explained, unsteadily, 
and for a moment the steadfast flames in her eyes 
flickered under irresolute lids. 

"The piano?" The ^pawer raised his voice in 
amused interrogation. "Heavens! You weren't 
going to try to take that away, were you? It took 
ten of us and a bottle of whisky to get it in, and 
threepence to Barclay's boy for sitting on the gate 
and telling us by clockwork, "Ye'll get stuck wi' 
her yet before ye're done.' and half a crown to 
the man that let the truss down upon my toes. 
Surely you weren't thinking of tackling an enter- 
prise like that single-handed, were you: 1 " 

For the first time he drew forth the faint fore- 
glimmering of what the girl should be like in 
smiles; a sudden illuminated softening of the fea- 
tures, as when warm sunlight melts marble, that 
spread and passed in a moment. 

"I was listening," she said. 

The vicar is Pam's staunch champion and 
friend, and she certainly needs a champion in 
a censorious village quick to resent a su- 
periority of which Pam's every footstep and 
every word is eloquent. Here are some of his 
reverence's functions as drawn by himself : 

"The vicar, you see," he explained, as his shoul- 
ders dipped into the dusk over the threshold, "is 
his own servant in addition to being everybody 
else's. He acts as a chastening object lesson to 
our Ullbrig pride. We don't go out to service at 
Ullbrig. We scrub floors, we scour front door 
steps, we wash clothes, we clean sinks, we empty 
slops, we peel potatoes — but, thank God, we are not 
servants. Only his reverence is a servant. When 
anything goes wrong with our nonconformist in- 
wards — run, Mary, and pull his reverence's bell. 
That's what his reverence is for. Don't trouble 
the doctor first of all. Let's see what his rever- 
ence says. The doctor wid go back and enter the 
visit in a book, and charge you for it. If any- 
thing goes worse — run, Mary, again. Never mind 
your apron — he won't notice. Pull the bell harder 
this time, and let's have a prayer out of bis rever- 
ence to m a k e sure — with a little Latin in it. The 
pain's spreading. For we're all of us reverences 
in chapel, each more reverend than his neighbor; 
but in sick-beds we're very humble sinners indeed, 
_riy want to get better so that we may be 
ready and willing to go when the Lord sees fit 
to take us. Or if it's a little legal advice you're 
in need of — why pay six and eightpence to an 
articled solicitor? Go and knock up his reverence. 
He's the man for you — and send him a turnip for 
his nex r harvest festival." 

Evv.-y eligible male and many who are in- 

- within a radius of ten miles are in 

- Ti: nent prostration at Pam's feet. There 

r Ginger, for instance, who buys a 

penny stamp and lays it ingratiatingly at her 
feet as a preliminary to a proposal and is per- 
suaded to take it after all, but forgets to pay 
for it: 

No supplicant that ever supplicated of Pam was 
too mean or too poor, or too ridiculous or too pre- 
suming, in her eyes, ever to be treated with the 
slightest breath of contumely. When poor Humpy 
from Ganlon. whose legs were so twisted that he 
couldn't tell his right from his left for certain 
without a little time to think, asked a Ganlon lass 
to have him, she screamed derision at him like a 
hungry macaw, and ran out at once to spread the 
news so that it should overtake him (being but a 
slow walker, though he walked his best upon this 
occasion) before he had time to get home. When 
he asked Pam to have him, Pam could have cried 
over him for pity, to think that because God had 
seen fit to spoil a man in the making like this. 
human love was to be denied him; and though of 
course she said "Xo," she said it so beautifully 
that Humpy could hardly see his way home for the 
proud tears of feeling himself a man in spite of 
all; and if, after that, there had been any particu- 
lar thing in the whole woild that twisted legs could 
have done for a girl, that thing would have been 
done for Pam so long as Humpy was alive to do it. 

We are not going to tell the story in a 
sketch intended only to sample a few of its 
merits. Pam, of course, falls in love with 
Maurice — bless her heart — but Maurice al- 
ready has a sort of traditional fiancee to 
whom his obligations are mainly those of 
duty. There is a mislaid letter that would 
have released him and so have saved poor 
Pam the misery of leaving her home. It 
would have saved Maurice too from that 
walk upon the cliff and the fall over the 
cliff upon the sands that were so soon to be 
covered by a tumultuous sea. But Pam flee- 
ing from Maurice and Maurice fleeing from 
Pam were brought together by that strange 
and accurate law that, being too stupid to un- 
derstand otherwise, we call chance. Maurice 
is too injured by his fall to move and so Pam 
descends a cliff of which the re-ascent is im- 

"I want to ask you" ... he said. "You know 
why I was going back. The other letter was 
. . . from her. She asks me to set her free. If 
there hadn't been . . . been any other in the case, 
and I'd asked you ... to marry me . . . would 
you have married me?" 

And in an instant the girl's arms were about the 
man's neck, and her Hps upon his lips, as though 
they would have sucked the poor remaining life 
out of his body into her own, and given it an 
abiding habitation. 

"Oh ... my love, my love," the girl wept, 
through the wet lips that clung to him. "What do 
I care about dying now? I would rather a thou- 
sand times die to learn that you had loved me 
. . . than live and never know it." 

And she poured her streams of warm tears over 
his face, and wrapped him about with her ami?, 
and bound her body upon him. And in the fusion 
of that mighty love the laboring mills of the man's 
mind burst free. 

"Why did you come down to me?" he cried. 
"For God's sake, get away while you ha\ ~ the 
chance. I'm not worth saving now . . . I'm only 
the fragments of a man . . . But you." 

For all answer she bound him in tighter bond- 
age of protection, as though she were trying to 
steep their souls so deep in the transport of love 
that they should not know death or its agony. 

"If you leave me" ... he urged upon her, 
"and get up the cliff . . . there may still be 

But she clung to bim. 

"For my sake, then," he implored her. "You 
are my last hope of safety. For the love of me, try" 
and do it. We must not die like this." 

And for his sake, with her old desperate hopes 
falsely revived, she redoubled kisses of farewell 
upon bis mouth and Hps, and threw herself p^ 
sionately against the relentless wet walls of their 
prison. Now this side and now that. Now trying 
to kick out steps with her feet; now trying to tear 
them with her hands, she wrought at this frantic 
enterprise, and the man watched her, and knew it 
to be of no avail. And then, at his urging, she 
cried out — lilted her own white face to the sullen 
black face of the cliff, and cried — cried with words, 
and rent the air with inarticulate screams. But all 
was one. Like a thick blanket the cliff, so close 
upon her, muffled her mouth and smothered the 
voice that issued from her. 

"It's no use ... no use," she said, and came 
back to the man. . . . 

"It will not be long . . . now," she said, very 

Tnen she went to the man and laced her arms 
about him 

"Promise me" . . . she said, "you will not let 
go of me . . . when the time comes." 

"I promise you," the man answered, very 

"May I call you . . . Maurice . . . before we 
die?" she asked, and her voice faltered at this. 

"Please" ... he begged her; and she said 
"Maurice" a time or two. 

"Hold me . . . Maurice," she said. "I may 
. . . turn coward ... at the end . . . but 
hold me. Don't let me go. I want to die with 

"I will hold you," he answered, and their arms 

And again the sea thundered, and this time 
something swirled about their feet. Then they 
asked forgiveness of each other for ina sm uch as 
they had offended, and received the sacrament of 
each other's pardon. 

And there being nothing else to do, they stood 
apd waited for death. 

They did not die. We may at least saj' 
that much while refusing to divulge what did 
happen to them. 

Mr. Booth must write more. "The Post 
Girl" is not a mere fitful flash. It is mature 
and it is supremely good. 

"The Post Girl," by Edward C. Booth. 
Published by the Century Company, New 
York; $1.50." 


"He draws from real life." "Artist?" "No ; 
dentist." — Louisville Courier-Journal. 


The Foremost Scholar. 
Who is the scholar-leader? What is he 
Whose learning shows the unlearned best to live? 

There be, who — finger hard on lip — 

Pore lifelong, with laborious glass, 

On Nature's enigmatic heart, 

Dissecting shrewdly, part by part. 

To store her secrets in their scrip. 
Heedless of human love and art. 
Or how the passionate generations pass. 

Others there are who, moved no less 
To explore that mute obscure abysm, 
Make of their probing minds a prism 
Whose many-sided radiance 
Illumes with their own hearts the heart of nature, 

Touching her darkest feature 
With revelation for man's happiness. 

And with love's couched lance 
Wresting from Science a new Humanism. 

Such is the scholar liberal: for him. 

Not knowledge which ignores the Whole, 
But knowledge grafted in the soul 

Is scholarship; to esteem 
His calling justly is to see 

That culture is proficient sympathy. 

For all that issues beautiful 
From dim retort and crucible, 
And makes our modern day to seem 
Arabian night or opiate dream: 
Genii, that on the wireless air 
Transport within imagined waves 
The cosmic Echo from her caves 
To work their will, or from the stars 
Expound the mysteries of Mars. 
Or in earth's rotting shale prepare 
The alchemy of radium — 
All powers, articulate or dumb. 
That scholars probe and sages scan, 
Are meaningless except to man — 
To urge his peace, to ease his pain. 
And from his mind's domain 
To exorcise the lurking Caliban. 

To exorcise! Not in the Middle Age, 
With Faust's redemption, did the devils cease 
To lure great doctors to their tutelage. 
Whereby to lengthen their protracted lease 
Of the lewd rabble's gaping ignorance: 
Still, with unceasing metamorphosis. 

The monsters hatch and hiss 

And. breeding, grow 
To honored stature in the imperiled state. 
Where the true scholar still is Prospero. 
Making their misshaped natures dance 
Attendance on his master vision: So 
To humble monsters to the use of men. 
The foremost scholar is first citizen. 
— Percy W. Mackaye, in "Ode to the Unizersi- 


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A Broken Friendship. 
If this be friendship — that one broken hour 
(O fragile link in all the loving years!) 
Can cast our hearts asunder. Time appears 
il indeed, since all our vaunted power. 
Wherewith we built high hope like some strong 
Crumbles to dust, where earthly passion leers. 
What of our laughter? Aye, what of our tears I 
That should have only watered Friendship's 8ower! 

If this be friendship, I can never know 

Again the magic faith I boasted of; 

One deed of mine has crushed the House of 
And every stone to its old place must go. 

Shame be to our endurance if we killed 

The sinews that can help us to rebuild. 

— Charles Hansen Towne, in Harper's Bazar. 

President Cleveland was the hero of at 
least one novel, for it is well understood from 
whom the late Paui Leicester Ford drew the 
character of "The Honorable Peter Stirling." 

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July 11, 1908. 



By Sidney G. P. Coryn. 

Mrs. Julia Ward Howe at the age of eighty- 
one has seen a vision and dreamed a dream. 
It will be remembered that many years ago 
there came to this lovely old woman that 
strange light that "never was on land or sea," 
when she wrote : 
Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of 

the Lord; 
He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes 

of wrath are stored; 
He hath loosed the fearful lightnings of his 

terrible swift sword; 
His truth is marching on. 

Now comes the prediction of better things 
and she says that the other night in a "sud- 
den awakening" she saw a mighty and com- 
bined effort to drive out want and misery 
from the world, and it succeeded : 

There seemed to be a new, a wondrous, ever- 
permeating light, the glory of which I can not 
attempt to put in human words — the light of the 
new-born hope and sympathy blazing. The source 
of this light was born of human endeavor, the 
immortal purpose of countless thousands of men 
and women who were equally doing their part in 
the world-wide battle with evil. 

There may be no room in our philosophy 
for illumination like this, but there is at least 
room for admiration of the life-long optimism 
from which such beautiful foreshado wings 

The Great Amulet, by Maud Diver. Pub- 
lished by the John Lane Company, New 
York; $1.50. 
Those who read "Captain Desmond" will 
have great expectations of the present story, 
which is practically a supplement to the first. 
On the whole they will not be disappointed, 
although some of the earlier blemishes are in- 
tensified. We have another fine picture of 
life on the Indian frontier with its perpetual 
struggle against the terrible warriors of the 
north and the no less terrible cholera. In- 
deed, there are not more than two or three 
other writers of Indian army life who are so 
saturated with their subject or who can pre- 
sent it with such force and attractiveness. 

But in character painting we are never al- 
lowed to forget that the author is a woman 
and a woman who is curiously unable to take 
the man's standpoint except in matters of 
mere animal courage, rier men have a fatal 
penchant for an idolatrous brutality toward 
their wives. Captain Desmond's treatment of 
his girl wife was abominable, although Cap- 
tain Desmond was the chevalier sans peur et 
sans reproche. And now we have another of 
the same ilk, Captain Lenox, who marries a 
charming girl of whom he knows little and 
on the wedding night practically drives her 
from him because he learns from a careless 
letter that she was once engaged to another 
man. Why Quita should ever wish to return 
to her husband, why she should eventually do 
so, is only explicable on the ground that she 
wants not so much a husband as a lord and 
master. The average man will look upon 
both Captain Desmond and upon Captain 
Lenox with a very hearty contempt for their 
treatment of their wives in spite of their 
fine courage, their instincts of refinement and 
of honor, and their unswerving sense of duty. 
But in spite of this defect, a defect that 
keeps the male reader in a simmer of indig- 
nation, "The Great Amulet" is a notable 
novel and one of the very few that leave a 
deep impression upon the mind. We are well 
content to form our own opinion of the char- 
acters^ — and it is rarely the author's opinion — 
and to revel in the intimate descriptions of 
Indian life and of the garrisons that hold the 
ever-drawn sword upon the frontier. The 
author never writes anything that is dull, 
never anything that is superfluous. She is 
always enthusiastic and she can always hold 
the attention from beginning to end. 

Federal Usurpation, by Franklin Pierce. 
Published by D. Appleton & Co., New 
York; $1.50. 

Under the author's trenchant handling, Fed- 
eral usurpation becomes something more than 
one of those vague generalities reserved for 
academic discussion. The whole machinery 
of modern government in America is relent- 
lessly dissected, and if we are forced to the 
conclusion that democratic institutions are in 
a fair way to become no more than pious 
opinions and ebbing ideals, we may lay the 
blame upon the facts, because we can find no 
fault with the logic. 

It is indeed in his presentation of facts that 
the author finds his strength. When he tells 
us that law-making in the House of Repre- 
I sentatives is now as carefully hidden from 
, popular gaze as was the action of the Council 
of Venice in the Middle Ages, he asks very 
pertinently if one citizen in a hundred thou- 
sand ever heard of Mr. De Armond's bill con- 
ferring upon the President of the United 
States the right to remove from office, with- 
out charges and without a hearing, any one 
or all of the twenty-nine United States Circuit 
Court judges and the eighty-two judges of the 
United States District Courts. Dealing with 
earlier history in his first chapter, he goes on 
to show how a centralized authority, often a 
one-man authority, has steadily invaded the 
domestic life of the people, replacing democ- 
racy by autocracy and turning the eyes of the 

nation toward a central power that begins by 
fortifying itself "through executive action 
. . . and through judicial interpretation and 
construction of law," as President Roosevelt 
said in 1906, and ends by acting entirely 
without warrant and despotically. We have 
chapters on "Executive Usurpation," on "Pa- 
ternalism and Imperialism," on "Congres- 
sional Usurpation," on "Treaty Power and 
State Rights," all of them rich in concrete 
illustration, all of them disquieting in their 
indication of a tendency already mischievous 
and that must result, if unchecked, in the de- 
struction of State government. We have, in 
fact, a sketch of a rapidly progressing move- 
ment toward the extinction of representative 
institutions in the United States, and even 
of the pretense of them, and the substitution 
of a government by executive autocracy and 
by the chairmen of standing committees in 
secret session. 

The author has written a book of over four 
hundred pages, filled with positive and precise 
detail, lucidly arranged and with an admir- 
able and judicial avoidance of exaggeration 
or rancor. As a survey of the broad fea- 
tures and tendencies of government at this 
particular juncture it has no parallel. 

The Standard of Usage in English, by Pro- 
fessor Thomas R. Lounsbury. Published 
by Harper & Brothers, New York; $1.50. 
Perhaps this book should hardly be called a 
protest against the grammarian, but it does at 
least stimulate a feeling of rebellion against 
that much overrated citizen, a feeling that 
may well be fostered by those who deplore the 
wicked waste of time in our public schools. 
"As soon," says John Forster, "as grammar is 
printed in any language it begins to go." 
Flexibility is destroyed, ease gives way to re- 
straint, while the constant fear of gram- 
matical censure shackles expression and dis- 
torts meaning. It is the grammarian who 
defiles grammar, and he does it all too often 
under the guidance of his own ignorant predi- 
lections and then adds insult to injury by 
arraigning the supposed lapses of the great 
masters of language. We are told very truly 
that if we followed the grammarian wherever 
he would lead us we should find ourselves 
tongue tied in the presence of our simplest 

For an indication of the true guide to cor- 
rect speech in the common and plastic usage 
of educated men the reader must turn to the 
book itself. He will find not only a thought- 
ful and illuminating discussion of standards 
of speech in general, but a consideration of a 
large number of examples, a consideration, it 
need hardly be said, that is along lines of 
ripe scholarship, uncontaminated by pedancy 
or formalism. If authority so weighty can 
do something to check the mania for teaching 
a perfectly useless grammar to defenseless 
children and for overloading their minds with 
rubbish to the exclusion of real learning. Pro- 
fessor Lounsbury 's service will be philan- 
thropic as well as grammatical. 

Stuart's Cavalry in the Gettysburg Campaign, 
by John S. Mosby. Published by Moffat, 
Yard & Co., New York ; $2. 
There can be no question of the welcome 
that this book will receive. It has not only 
the personal interest attaching to a direct 
story by a redoubtable leader and fighter, but 
it brings valuable testimony to bear upon dis- 
puted passages in the history of the war. In 
his preface Colonel Mosby points out that the 
statements in the two reports of the com- 
manding general in regard to his orders and 
the management of the cavalry in the Gettys- 
burg campaign have been generally accepted 
without question, and the criticisms of his 
staff officers and biographers on the conduct 
of the chief of cavalry have assumed them to 
be true. The author has now done what the 
critics have never done. He has compared 
and analyzed the two reports and finds it im- 
possible to reconcile their differences. He 
tries to explain how the name of General 
Lee is signed to papers that do so much in- 
justice "as well to himself as to General 
Stuart," and he thinks that the time has come 
to apply the test of reason to the Gettysburg 
legend, "to discover who is responsible for 
bringing upon us the Dies irae ! — dies ilia." 

It is needless to say that the story is well 
told. We have a sketch of the battle of 
Chancellorsville and of the cavalry combat 
which began the Gettysburg campaign. Then 
follow the movements oi both armies preced- 
ing the battle with the result that much new 
light is thrown upon the whole operation. 
The story is lucidly told and with great atten- 
tion to detail. As an historical document and 
as a personal record it can not fail to arouse 
keen interest. 

The Bond, by Neith Boyce. Published by 
Duffield & Co., New York; $1.50. 
This is a story of artist life in New York. 
Basil and Teresa Ransorae, husband and wife, 
are young artists who alternate between 
lover-like raptures and chilly misunderstand- 
ings for which there is no apparent reason. 
Teresa, in spite of her neurotic aberrations, 
is distinctly charming, but Basil is a young 
man for whose further acquaintance we do 
not yearn. Marriage is confessedly an ex- 
periment. Teresa has kept her bachelor 
rooms "in case we don't get on," and indeed 
there seems very little chance of permanent 
partnership until the baby comes, and even 

then this strange couple quarrel bewilderingly 
about nothing and finally make peace from 
pure exhaustion. The story is well written 
and it is interesting, but its conception of 
marriage is just about as low as it can well 

The Art of Singing, by Sir Charles Santley. 

Published by the Macmillan Company, 

New York; $1.25. 
It would be hard to imagine a book more 
valuable to the vocal aspirant. Sir Charles 
Santley, in this effort to be of use to laudable 
youthful ambition, is able to draw upon rich 
experience, and he does it with infinite sym- 
pathy and discrimination. Beginning with a 

chapter of "Advice to Young People Desirous 
of Joining the Vocal Profession," he goes on 
to consider the necessary qualifications, the 
choice of a master, the essentials of successful 
study, the need of obedience and of dis- 
cipline, and all those other factors that make 
a bridge between talent and success. The 
author has a happy conversational style, an 
obvious wish to be helpful, and he touches 
upon just those personal points that are most 
apt to be overlooked. 

"Home Gymnastics, According to the Ling 
System." by Dr. Anders Wide, has been pub- 
lished by the Funk & Wagnalls Company, New 
York. Price, 50 cents. 

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July 11, 1908. 


Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip. 
The Macmillan Company announces Mr. 
Robert Herrick's new novel, "Together," for 
publication early in July. It is a story of the 
lives of married people — for Mr. Herrick re- 
verses the old romantic formula, and his book 
begins instead of ends with a wedding. It is 
the first novel he has written since "The Me- 
moirs of an American Citizen," published 
about three years ago. 

Commencement week at all the colleges 
seems to have given a new impetus to the sale 
of John Corbin's new book, "Which College 
for the Boy." This book contains a frank 
and interesting study of the spirit, organiza- 
tion, characteristics, and genius of various 
typical American colleges. 

Professor Vernon L. Kellogg of Stanford 
University, author of "American Insects," 
"Darwinism Today," etc., has in press with 
Henry Holt & Co., to be issued in their Amer- 
ican Nature series, a volume entitled "Insect 
Stories." Although the author calls these 
"strange, true stories of insect life," their 
truth is not likely to be questioned even by 
the Great Denouncer. They are primarily for 
' young folks, but are also open to grown-up 

Messrs. Henry Holt & Co. find themselves 
called upon to reprint at once six books, all 
dealing with American economics or history, 
they being, respectively, the fifth printing of 
Hall's "Immigration and Its Effects Upon 
the United States" ; third printing of the first 
volume of Gordy's "A Political History of 
the United States" ; and the second of the 
second volume, which brings the subject down 
to 1S2S; the ninth printing of "An Introduc- 
tion to Economics," by Professor Henry R. 
Seager of Columbia, and the fourth printing 
of both Doyle's "Virginia, Maryland, and the 
Carolinas," and the two volumes of his "Puri- 
tan Colonies." 

The Houghton-Mifflin Company have just 
completed arrangements with Professor James 
H. Moffatt for the publication of "A Dic- 
tionary of the Proper Names in Shakespeare's 
Works." The book is the result of experience 
as a teacher and editor of Shakespeare. Mr. 
Moffatt is a graduate of Princeton, and for 
the last eight years has been professor of 
English literature at the Central High School 
of Philadelphia. The plan of the dictionary 
is very simple, but thorough. All the proper 
names in Shakespeare's works, whether 
dramatis persona: or scenes or names used as 
illustrations, will be included in alphabetical 
order. This book will appeal to every student 
of Shakespeare, for in it can be found the 
only complete references to all places in which 
Shakespeare refers to the names directly or 
indirectly. Mr. Moffatt is now at work on 
the book in Oxford and London. 

New Publications. 
"Side-Stepping with Shorty," by Sewell 
Ford, has much to recommend it in the way 
of a steady Sow of racy fun, not to mention 
Sadie. It is published by Mitchell Kennerley, 
New York; $1.50. 

Those who like army stories and sketches 
of fort life should read "The Captain's Wife," 
by John Lloyd, and published by Mitchell 
Kennerley, New York. The scene is in Ari- 
zona and the period is that of Geronimo's 

A pleasing variation from the average 
school book is a volume of "Japanese Folk 
Stories and Fairy Tales," by Mary F. Nixon- 
Roulet, published by the American Book Com- 
pany, New York, Cincinnati, and Chicago. 
Price, 40 cents. 

Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston and New 
York, have published "A Scallop Shell of 
Quiet," by Caroline Hazard, being forty Len- 
ten sonnets, an interlude of fifteen poems, 
and eight full sonnets, forming a cycle of 
grief over the death of a friend. Price, $1. 

"The Life of Alice Freeman Parker," by 
George Herbert Palmer, is sure of a welcome 
from those familiar with that distinguished 
woman's work at Wellesley College and as 
dean of the woman's department of the Uni- 
versity of Chicago. It is published by Hough- 
ton, Mifflin & Co., Boston. Price, $1.50. 

No recommendation is needed for anything 
written by Lillian Whiting. Her little vol- 
ume, "Lilies of Eternal Peace," is a study of 
immortality composed in the vein of delicate 
spirituality that the author has made so dis- 
tinctly her own. It is published by Thomas 
Y. Crowell & Co., New York. Price, 75 cents 
and $1.50. 

C. M. Weed, author of "Wild Flower Fam- 
ilies," published by the J. B. Lippincott Com- 
pany, New York, explains in his preface that 
in this book he has attempted to bring into 
easily available form a discussion of a large 
proportion of the more widely distributed 
herbaceous wild flowers so as to make their 
study both indoors and out of real interest to 
teacher and pupils. Price, $1.50. 

The Rev. Samuel T. Carter has done a 
sei vice to the cause of religion by his book, 

''anted — A Theology." It is an indictment 

<>: the theology of the ordinary conventional 

■ lpit.of today, the theology that calls itself 

hodox and that is "one of the saddest, 

darkest, crudest products of the human mind 
in all the ages." It is refreshing to find such 
breadth, vigor, and toleration issued in a 
form that ought to carry it into wide circula- 
tion. The book is published by the Funk & 
Wagnalls Company, New York, and the price 
is 75 cents. 



The musical extravaganza, "It Happened in 
Nordland," is doing a big business at the 
Princess Theatre. Principals, orchestra, and 
chorus vie with each other in their efforts to 
excel, and the performance from first to last 
is attended with hearty applause and laughter. 
Julius Steger, William Burress. May Boley, 
Arthur Cunningham, Frank Farrington, Sarah 
Edwards, John Romano, Virginia Foltz, Zoe 
Barnett, Christina Nielsen, Robert Z. Leonard, 
Charles E. Couture, and George B. Field con- 
stitute a strong cast. The handsome and 
dashing girl chorus and the orchestra which 
Selli Simonson so ably conducts contribute to 
the success of the entertainment. Although 
in its second week, "It Happened in Nord- 
land" is packing the house at every per- 
formance, and the management has there- 
fore concluded to extend its run throughout 
next week. Great preparations are being 
made for the next production, which will be 
Audran's famous musical play, "The Bridal 
Trap," in which Evelyn Frances Kellogg, a 
prima donna of Eastern renown, will make her 
first appearance at this theatre. The con- 
cluding portion of the programme will be the 
Lambs' Club gambol musical satire on the 
Hammerstein-Conreid grand opera war, "The 
Song Birds," which will be revived in com- 
pliance with a largely expressed wish with 
William Burress as Oscar Hammerstein. 

The bill at the Orpheum for next week 
speaks for itself. W. H. Thompson, the dis- 
tinguished American actor, who will enter 
vaudeville for a short season, will make his 
first appearance at this theatre and present a 
one-act play by Clay M. Greene, entitled "For 
Love's Sweet Sake," which New York dra- 
matic writers pronounced the most artistic 
playlet ever given in vaudeville. "For Love's 
Sweet Sake" tells a story of a father's love 
for his son with a heart interest and artistic 
delicacy. Katie Barry, who has been identi- 
fied with numerous Broadway musical come- 
dies, will make her first appearance in this 
city. Miss Barry will sing several of her most 
popular character songs. The La Vine Cima- 
ron Trio will present an act by Frank Gard- 
ner, entitled "Imagination." Fred Singer, 
who will make his San Francisco debut, will 
introduce himself in a musical novelty called 
"The Violin Maker of Cremona," in which he 
impersonates the title role. While gazing at 
his last and greatest work he falls asleep and 
sees and hears the violin virtuosos of the 
future — Paganini, Joachim, Sarsate, Remenyi. 
Kubelik, etc. When he opens his eyes he 
baptizes his masterpiece with a grand elo- 
quence, passing away with the last chord. 
Tom Barry and Madge Hughes will introduce 
a novel act called "A Story of the Street," in 
which Mr. Barry plays a tough young man 
with an abnormally swelled head because he 
has made an unexpected hit in cheap melo- 

"The Great Divide" will be played for an- 
other week by Henry Miller at the Van Ness 
Theatre. During the Miller season there will 
be no Sunday night performances. Matinees 
will be given Saturdays only. For the second 
of the four productions of his present season 
at the Van Ness Thaatre, Mr. Miller will pre- 
sent Percy Mackaye's comedy, entitled 
"Mater." This new three-act play will be in- 
teresting because of its background of modern 
American politics and the fact that Mr. Miller 
will be introduced in a novel character — that 
of a high-class United States senator, who 
nevertheless believes in practical politics. 
The title role of the mother, a highly original 
character, will be originated by Isabel Irving, 
always a great San Francisco favorite. It 
will be staged Monday, July 20. 

_ White Whittlesey's popularity in San Fran- 
cisco is shown by the advance demand for 
seats next week at the New Alcazar, where 
he commences a season as stock star, sup- 
ported by the regular company and with 
Bessie Barriscale as his leading woman. He 
has selected "His Grace De Grammont," by 
Clyde Fitch, for his opening play because of 
the exceptional opportunities it affords him 
of displaying those romantically heroic quali- 
ties which made him such a favorite when the 
Alcazar was on O'Farrell Street. 

De Grammont was a French political exile 
at the licentious court of Charles II of Eng- 
land, where his graces of manner and person 
made him beloved of women, while men were 
jealous of his popularity and feared his 
swordsmanship. Of all the fair English- 
women who sighed for his favor there was but 
one who captured it — Miss Hamilton — upon 
whom the king had cast his covetous eye 
when the gallant Frenchman appeared. The 
incidents that follows are made up of De 
Grammont's devices to outwit his majesty in 
the love race, and culminate in his arrest for 
drawing his sword against the royal profli- 
gate. He is in a fair way of losing his head 
when the women of the court intercede in his 
beha-lf, and he is allowed to depart with his 
happy sweetheart 



Condition and Value of the Assets and Liabilities 


The Hibernia Savings and Loan Society 

and where said assets are situated 

DATED JUNE 30, 1908 


1— Bonds of the United States, of the District of Columbia, of the 
State of California and Municipalities thereof, the actual value 
of which is $ 9,103,633.43 

2— Cash in United States Gold and Silver Coin and Checks 2.59S.S99.S9 

3 — Miscellaneous Bonds, the actual value of which is 4,348,828.50 

They are: 

"San Francisco and North Pacific Railway Company 5 per cent 
Bonds" ($75,000.00). "Southern Pacific Branch Railway Com- 
pany of California 6 per cent Bonds'* ($9S,000.00), "Northern 
California Railway Company 5 per cent Bonds" ($83,000.00), 
"Los Angeles Pacific Railway Company of California Refund- 
ing 5 per cent Bonds" ($400,000.00). "Los Angeles Railway 
Company of California 5 per cent Bonds" ($86,000.00), "Market 
Street Cable Railway Company 6 per cent Bonds" ($130,000.00), 
"Market Street Railway Company First Consolidated Mort- 
gage 5 per cent Bonds" ($753,000.00), "Powell Street Rail- 
way Company 6 per cent Bonds" ($1S5, 000.00), "The Omnibus 
Cable Company 6 per cent Bonds" ($167,000.00), "Sutter 
Street Railway Company 5 per cent Bonds" ($150,000.00), 
"Presidio and Ferries Railioad Company 6 per cent Bonds" 
($14,000.00), "Ferries and Cliff House Railway Company 6 
per cent Bonds" ($6,000.00). "The Merchants' Exchange 7 
per cent Bonds" ($1,500,000.00). "San Francisco Gas and 
Electric Company i*£ per cent Bonds" ($491,000.00). 

4 — Promissory Notes and the debts 'thereby secured (including due 

and uncollected interest, $185,668.68) 36,429,048.66 

The condition of said Promissory Notes and debts Is as 
follows: They are all existing: contracts, owned by said 
Corporation, and are payable to it at its office, which Is 
situated at the corner of Market, McAllister, and Jones 
Streets, in the City and County of San Francisco, State of 
California, and the payment thereof is secured by First 
Mortgages on Real Estate within this State. Said Promis- 
sory Notes are kept and held by said Corporation at its 
said office, which is its principal place of business, and said 
Notes and debts are there situated. 

5 — Contingent Fund — Interest accrued on Bonds but not yet pay- 
able 89,144.13 

6 — Promissory Notes and the debts thereby secured, the actual value 

of which Is 394,529.00 

The condition of said Promissory Notes and debts is as fol- 
lows: They are all existing Contracts, owned by said Cor- 
poration, and are payable to it at its office, which is situated 
as aforesaid, and the payment thereof is secured by pledge 
and hypothecation of Bonds of Railroad and Quasi-public 
Corporations and other securities. 

7 — (a) Real Estate situated in the City and County of San Francisco 
($139,9S6.1S), and in the Counties of Santa Clara ($28,443.95), 
Alameda ($30,131.94), and San Mateo ($2,231.57), this State, 

the actual value of which is 200,793.64 

(b) — The Land and Building in which said Corporation keeps Its 

said office, the actual value of which is 801,347.90 

The condition of said Real Estate is that it belongs to 

said Corporation, and part of it is productive. 

TOTAi- ASSETS J53.966.225.15 

All the foregoing assets are situated within the State of 


1 — Said Corporation owes Deposits amounting to and the actual value 

of which is $50,379,393.65 

The condition of said Deposits is that they are payable 
only out of said Assets and are fully secured thereby. 

2 — Accrued Interest — Interest on Bonds accrued and not yet pay- 
able 89,144.13 

3 — Reserve Fund, Actual Value 3.497,687.37 

TOTAL LIABILITIES $53,966,225.15 


By James R. Kelly, President. 


By E. J. Tobin, Acting Secretary. 

City and County of San Francisco, ss. 

James R. Kelly and E. J. Tobin, being each duly sworn, each for 
himself, says: That the said James R. Kelly is President and that 
said E. J. Tobin is Acting Secretarj' of The Hibernia Savings and 
Loan Society, the Corporation above mentioned, and that the fore- 
going statement is true. 

James R. Kelly, President. 

E. J. Tobin, Acting Secretary. 

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 2d day of July, 190S. 

Chas. T. Stanley, Notary Public 
In and for the City and County of San 
Francisco, State of California. 

July 11, 1908. 




By Josephine Hart Phelps. 

Henry Miller, whom we have learned to 
regard as our personal property here in San 
Francisco, has returned to us again, and once 
again, as in the former Henry Miller seasons, 
is more lavish with time and plays than other 
• Eastern managers. 

"The Great Divide" is an excellent choice 
with which to inaugurate the present season. 
The free, untrammeled life of the great 
West is the most picturesque and spectacular 
feature in the America — or our America, at 
least — of today. Americans are proud of the 
fascination it has for aliens, and, indeed, 
recognize its attraction for themselves, and 
read avidly all the inspired fiction that is de- 
voted to it. 

It is a life that is viewed through different- 
colored glasses, according to the sex, the point 
of view, and the experiences of the writer. 
William Vaughn Moody has recognized the 
dramatic possibilities that lie in the peril to 
women in those lonely desert wastes of Ari- 
zona when she is delivered helpless to the 
power of man in his bestial moments. 

The theme is not a lovely one, but it is 
powerfully presented, without coarseness, and, 
indeed, with a certain Walt Whitman-like 
effect of poetry, since the rude, primitive 
manhood in the brute and would-be violator 
of maidenhood is evolved by the woman's call 
upon his strength, his protection, and, in 
effect, his "chivalry. 

The play begins lightly enough; a mere 
preparation, as it transpires, for the more 
serious scenes that are to follow. A group of 
young people in an Arizonian ranch-house 
chatter, and flirt a little, or make love, at any 
rate, and then some exigency arises that com- 
pels the heroine, Ruth Jordan, to pass the 
night alone on guard over the properties at 
the ranch -house. 

We have been kept in something of a 
state of bewilderment over Henry Miller's 
leading lady for this season. By turns it has 
been asserted that it would be Edith Wynne 
Mathison, Isabel Irving, and Edyth Oliver, 
with occasional rumors of Margaret Anglin 
thrown in to muddle us still further. Now 
we know. It is Edyth Oliver, a figure un- 
known in our world as yet, but very promising 
as to future possibilities. Miss Oliver is a 
young, tall, slight, black-haired woman who 
radiates neither beauty nor presence. She 
was not particularly impressive in tne intro- 
ductory scenes of the first act. Lightness and 
frivolity are not to be her metier. She is an 
emotional actress, however, of unquestionable 
ability. Greater power will come later, greater 
force, greater richness and depth of per- 
sonality, greater ability to arrest and hold the 
imagination. But Miss Oliver has made a 
particularly good start on that pleasant parti. 
In "The Great Divide" — which is a title with 
a symbolical meaning — she represents a New 
England girl with Down East ideals strangely 
conflicting with the altered standards evolved 
by her Western experiences. Henry Miller 
evidently recognized in Miss Oliver's outer 
woman a type that was particularly suited to 
the representation of such a character. Her 
rich black hair struck the discordant note that 
showed Ruth Jordan, in her exuberant joy in 
the Western life, as something of an apostate 
to the New England training and conscience 
that yet looked out from the eyes of the nar- 
row face, and was expressed in the straight 
lines of the slender figure. The author makes 
a very good character contrast between Polly 
Jordan, who is perfectly represented by Laura 
Hope Crews as a bright chatterbox, one of 
those typical American girls who go through 
life as joyous spectators, always sipping the 
foam of existence, perpetually throwing off 
sparkling generalizations, but never taken 
seriously by anybody, and never really 

So Polly shakes the dust of the Western 
life from her dainty shoes, and goes back 
East, leaving her cousin in her perilous soli- 
tude, tasting the joy of the perfect night, and 
reveling in her fearlessness, unknowing of the 
experiences that await her, and of the coming 
of the long and racking conflict that is to 
rage in her New England soul. 

The subsequent scene is what has made 
"The Great Divide" famous. It is splendidly 
worked up. The sudden stillness after the 
chatter and noise of the departure, the uncon- 
cern of the slender, black-haired girl going 
quietly and matter-of-factly about her prepara- 
tions for the night, and then — the signal. 
Five minutes later frightful possibilities stare 
Ruth Jordan in the face, and she has cou- 
rageously, as it were, seized the bare blade of 

a threatening sword, and cut into the flesh 
and bone of her destiny. 

It passes quickly and thrillingly, this scene 
— the great one — of the play. There is no 
attempt at heroics ; the voices are low and 
tense, the language concise. 

The audience were given no opportunity to 
spoil the scene by a noisy welcome to their 
favorite, who contrived in the shades of the 
darkened ranch-room, to evade recognition 
until the climax was past. Then it came with 
thunderous acclamation, and Henry Miller, 
with a couple of stone more to his credit 
since last we saw him, gasped out an unpre- 
meditated, uncalculated word or two of 
thanks, and backed into his part again. 

The play contains only three acts ; short 
shrift, one would think, in which to tell such 
a story. But luckily the author has not made 
a fool of himself at the last, as authors are 
prone to do. He has not combed and cur- 
ried, and pruned and polished the wild west- 
ern exuberances of his hero. His aim has 
been to picture, dramatically, the ascendancy, 
within the human heart, of primitive in- 
fluences, and at the same time to show how 
the purity of true womanhood may work its 
influence on a manly man who has departed 
from the better standards of civilization. 

So in the second act, in place of seeing the 
hero capering in a drawing-room, we find him 
in a sort of king-like eminence near the crest 
of the Cordilleras, receiving royally a stream 
of gold from a claim that has acquired im- 
portance since he has a wife at whose feet he 
can pour its treasures. 

In this act there is comparatively little 
action, but the beholder experiences vivid 
pleasure from the series of dramatic pictures 
it affords. It is staged with fine realism, and 
yet with poetic beauty — "the rim of the 
world" I think it was that Polly, re- 
transplanted to the West, called it — and it 
seemed a fitting place for the wild story of 
Ruth and Stephen Ghent to work its way 
toward a conclusion. 

The scene, in the sunset glow, with the 
mingling of the rich colors, the yellow lights 
and violet shadows one sees over the pictures 
of the Mexican mesas, blending into a magic 
mosaic of colors over the rocky wastes, was 
a strange mingling of gorgeousness and 
dreariness. And against this background of 
strange and vivid beauty the figures of the 
man and woman stood out strongly, gaining 
dignity from the unpeopled background. 

They were the primitive man and woman, 
this rude mud hut their primitive home, and 
this rough table and stools hewn from the 
living rock their primitive furniture. 

Edyth. Oliver was strikingly effective to the 
eye in this scene. Her costumes all through 
were thoroughly in keeping with the locale, 
and, while avoiding theatricalism, bore . the 
note of color, or the local characteristic, that 
reached the eye and the imagination simul- 

Ruth's abjuration of her husband's moneyed 
support **" made it necessary that her dress 
should remain poor and plain, but, even with 
the russet skirt, and the plain, untrimmed 
waist, she was a picture, and a picture in 
harmony with those Mexican Cordilleras when 
she staggered up the pass, the basket encum- 
bered, black crepe shawl, with its vivid dashes 
of embroidery, and her rich dark hair, making 
a strong contrast against the white of her 
waist, while the straight lines of her figure 
and drapery completed the Indian-suggestion 
afforded by the baskets and the partly woven 
Navajo blanket. 

Mr. Miller's portrait of the desperado of 
the first act was finely graduated into that of 
the big-hearted miner of the second, who had 
come "to the great divide" to repossess him- 
self of the lost treasure of his manliness un- 
der the saving influence of a pure woman's 

The actor has carefully heeded the lines 
laid down by the dramatist, and in the closing 
act, at the New England home of the Jor- 
dans, Stephen Ghent is still the rude, un- 
finished, unpolished product of the great dis- 
tances which are his natural home. 

In this last act Mrs. Whiffen appears as a 
gentle New England matron, and in a few 
scenes charged with emotion demonstrated 
anew her facility as an actress, and found in 
the welcome she received how strong a hold 
she has on the San Francisco public, which 
loves her particularly for her many portraits 
of delightful old ladies, and for her vein of 
sunny humor. 

Neither the second nor the third act ap- 
proach the first, either in intensity of dra- 
matic tension or in action. But the story is 
both interesting and logically worked out, that 
interference and long-sustained conflict of 
Ruth Ghent's conscience being a feature of 
the play which strikes one as both probable 
and dramatically effective. 

It strikes me, by the way, that Ruth did 
not quite play fair. They say that women do 
not pay their gambling debts. Ruth played a 
bold game to retain her honor, and it certainly 
took time and a good many duns from her 
opponent before she paid him. It was, when 
one comes to think of it, quite an inspiration 
on Mr. Moody's part to make her play the 
eminently woman-like part of making the 
final payment only when she had evidence that 
the debt was to be forgiven. 

Mr. Miller has not departed from his for- 
mer rule of always bringing a good company 
with him. Besides the players already men- 
tioned, Messrs. Wyngate and Gotthold ap- 
peared to advantage, and the minor roles 
were graphically and realistically presented. 
Miss Crews became an immense favorite with 
the audience at once, being a sparkling and 
pretty little actress and very intelligent in 
her assumption of the character of that light- 
hearted philosopher, Polly Jordan. 


Hammerstein's new Philadelphia opera- 
house will be opened in November, and the 
season of twenty weeks seems already an as- 
sured success, as subscriptions for seats and 
boxes are pouring in. 

Percy Mackaye, the author of the new 
comedy, "Mater," to be staged by Henry Mil- 
ler at the Van Ness Theatre, has arrived here 
to assist in the presentation of his work. 

The Henry Miller Associate Players have 
started for this city and will be a feature of 
the Miller season at the Van Ness Theatre 
in "The Servant in the House." 

William Vaughn Moody, the author of "The 
Great Divide," is writing another play for 
Henry Miller. It is to be called "The Faith 


Under the auspices of the Musical and Dramatic Com- 
mittee of the University of California 


the famous 


in third 


Admission 25 cents 8 to 10 p. m. 




Atchison, Kas $60.00 

Baltimore, Md 107.50 

Boston, Mass 110.50 

Chicago, 111 72.50 

Council Bluffs, la. . 60.00 

Duluth, Minn 79.50 

Houston, Tex 60.00 

Kansas City, Mo . . 
Leavenworth, Kas. 
Memphis, Term... 

Mineola, Tttjc 

Minneapolis, Minn. 
New Orleans. La. . 
New York, N. Y.. 



On Sale July 21-22-23-28-29. August 17-18-24-25. 

Colorado Springs, Colo., $55.00 ; Denver, Colo., $55.00 ; 
On Sale September 14-15. 

Omaha, Neb $60.00 

Pacific Junction, la. 60.00 
Philadelphia, Pa... 108.50 

Sioux City, la 63.90 

St. Joseph, Mo 60.00 

St. Louis, Mo 67.50 

St. Paul, Minn 73.50 

Washington, D. C. 107.50 

September 15-16. 

Pueblo, Colo., $55.00. 

Montreal, Que., $108.50; Toronto, Canada, $94.40. 
On Sale July 21-22-23-28-29, August 17-18-24-25. 

Let me make your sleeping-car reservation early and explain details. 

F. W. PRINCE, C. T. A„ 673 Market Street 
J. J. WARNER, 1112 Broadway, Oakland 


Absolutely Class A Theatre Building 

Week beginning this Sunday afternoon 

Matinee Every Day 


in Clay M. Greene's one-act play, "For Love's 
and HUGHES; Last Week A NIGHT ON A 
New Orpheum Motion Pictures; Last Week 

Evening prices, 10c, 25c, 50c, 75c. Box 
seats, $1. Matinee prices (except Sundays and 
holidays), 10c, 25c, 50c. Phone, WEST 6000. 


1 S. LOVERICH. Mann 

Ellis Street near 

S. LOVERICH, Manager 

Class "A" Theatre 

Phone Weat 663 

Matinee Saturday and Sunday 


Lew Fields's Musical Extravaganza Success 


the Princess favorites in the cast. 

Next— "THE BRIDAL TRAP," introducing 
Evelyn Frances Kellogg, and "THE SONG 
BIRDS," with Wm. Burress as Hammerstein. 

Prices — Evenings, 25c, 50c, 75c. Matinees 
(except Sundays and holidays), 25c and 50c. 


ll BR 


n±.\st\LSll\ Te i. v/est 6036 

BELASC0 & HAYER, Owners and Managers 

Corner Sutler and Sleiner Sts, Absolute Class "A" bide. 

Seventieth Week of the Alcazar Stock Co. 

Supported by the Alcazar Players, in Clyde 
Fitch's Great Costume Drama 
A Splendid Scenic Production 
Prices: Evenings, 25c to $1. Matinees, Satur- 
day and Sunday, 25c to 50c 
Monday. July 20— MR. WHITTLESEY in 
"IF I WERE KING," E. H. Sothem's Great 



Phone Market 500 

Second Week of 

The Henry Miller Season 

Last Six Nights (Matinee Saturday) of 


By William Vaughn Moody 

Monday, July 20 — The new comedy, "Mater." 

Clubbing List. 

By special arrangement with the publishers, 
and by concessions in price on both sides, we 
are enabled to make the following offer, open 
to all subscribers direct to this office. Sub- 
scribers in renewing subscriptions to Eastern 
periodicals will please mention the date of 
expiration in order to avoid mistakes : 

American Magazine and Argonaut $4-?5 

Argosy and Argonaut 4.40 

Atlantic Monthly and Argonaut 6.70 

Blackwood's Magazine and Argonaut... 6.20 

Century and Argonaut . . . t 7.00 

Commoner and Argonaut 4.10 

Cosmopolitan and Argonaut 4.35 

Current Literature and Argonaut 5.7$ 

English Illustrated Magazine and Argo- 
naut 4*70 

Forum and Argonaut 6.00 

Harper's Bazaar and Argonaut 4.35 

Harper's Magazine and Argonaut 6.70 

Harper's Weekly and Argonaut 6.70 

House Beautiful and Argonaut 4.75 

International Magazine and Argonaut... 4.50 

fudge and Argonaut 7.50 

Leslie's Weekly and Argonaut 6.70 

Life and Argonaut 7.75 

Lippincott's Magazine and Argonaut.... 5.25 

Littell's Living Age and Argonaut 9.00 

Mexican Herald and Argonaut 10.50 

Munsey's Magazine and Argonaut 4.40 

Nineteenth Century and Argonaut 7.25 

North American Review and Argonaut.. 8.00 

Out West and Argonaut 5.25 

Overland Monthly and Argonaut 4.50 

Political Science Quarterly and Argo- 
naut 4.90 

Puck and Argonaut 7-50 

Review of Reviews and Argonaut 5.00 

Scribner's Magazine and Argonaut 6*25 

Smart Set and Argonaut 5.25 

St. Nicholas and Argonaut 6.00 

Sunset and Argonaut 4.25 

Theatre Magazine and Argonaut 5.75 

Thrice-a-Week New York World (Dem- 
ocratic) and Argonaut 4.25 

Weekly New York Tribune (Republican) 

and Argonaut i.50 

Weekly New York Tribune, Weel 
York World, and Argonaut 



July 11, 1908. 


The eternal question of the international 
and aristocratic marriage still vexes the soul 
of the democratic journalist. That he can 
not understand it is simply a confession that 
he can not understand the feminine mind, and 
no one will be disposed to blame him harshly 
for that. But why does he not bow to the 
majestj' of his own ignorance and keep an 
easy if an unremunerative silence rather than 
relieve his mental flatulence by ill-tempered 
reproaches in which charges of greed and 
folly occupy an undignified position ? For ex- 
ample, Mr. Russell in the current Broadway 
Magazine — among, it must be conceded, much 
that is admirable — inflicts upon us once more 
those tiresome statistics of the amount of 
money that these marriages have cost the 
country. He gives no names, but he con- 
veys his information by means of two col- 
umns, the first being headed "Title Pur- 
chased" and the second "Cash Price Paid." 
That the part played by American women in 
the public life of Europe also has its cash 
value to America does not occur to the writer. 

Now this treatment of American women 
seems to be wantonly offensive. It is a harsh 
term to use, but the cacoethes scribendi is re- 
sponsible for more than ottensiveness. By 
what superhuman power does Mr. Russell 
know the motives actuating these women ? 
What conceivable right has he to assume that 
their objects were unwomanly or that they 
sold themselves in exchange for a title? Is 
he aware of the forcible and biblical term that 
is applied to women that barter themselves 
for money, and does he not hesitate before 
such an assertion of those of whom he knows 
nothing? What warrant has he for assuming 
that the countesses and the duchesses sold 
themselves for titles unless he will also sug- 
gest that American women who have married 
foreign commoners, in fact all women who 
marry wealth or position, have been similarly 
and unworthily actuated? Would he suggest 
such a thing of Mrs. Chamberlain? Does he 
believe that Lady Randolph Churchill sold 
herself for a title ? It seems hardly likely 
that an American woman with intellect 
enough and character enough to become one 
of the great forces in British imperial politics 
should have done so from such a degraded 
base. Moreover, why did she surrender that 
title to become Mrs. Cornwallis West? And 
if Lady Churchill be acquitted, why should 
the princesses and the others be found guilty ? 
Since when has it been tolerable to hear 
American women described as hawking them- 
selves in the public market with price tickets 
around their necks as in an Oriental slave girl 
market — women of good repute, who have 
done nothing to deserve more censure than 
the rest of us, and all without a scintilla of 
evidence unless it be a mere prurient sus- 
picion ? Possibly, and indeed probably, there 
are some American girls, like girls all over 
the world, who are attracted by a title, by a 
novelty, by some fresh variety of tinsel, by 
pageantry and color, but if they are half so 
responsive to a real title as the average man 
is to a sham one their case must indeed be 

For these reasons it may be repeated that 
such, strictures are unchivalrous, wantonly 
offensive, and of a nature to be repudiated 
not only by those who are jealous of the 
honor of American women, but also by those 
who have rudimentary ideas of courtesy and 
of fair play to all. There is an old adage of 
a startling philosophic truth and that is never 
too stale for repetition. It is honi soit qui 
mal y pense. 

That there are two sides to this question 
never occurs to the modern writer, who for- 
gets to be chivalrous in his efforts to be smart 
and who ends by being only vulgar and brutal. 
Very opportunely the New York World points 
out that "of the 356 cases of American girls 
who have married foreign noblemen not more 
than twenty troublous unions can be reck- 
oned." Xow mercenary marriages are always 
troublous. Titled or untitled, they can never 
be anything else. If these marriages are 
happj' then they were not mercenary. If they 
were mercenary then they could not be happy. 
It is not to the titled marriage list that we 
must look for wretched partnerships, but to 
the domestic and untitled list. During the 
last ten years there have been 16.38S cases of 
divorce in Chicago alone, 4706 in Philadel- 
phia, 5231 in New York, and 3746 in Boston. 

Evidence from the women themselves 
would of course be tainted and partial, but 
the temptation to quote the Countess von 
Waldersee, the wife of the man who led the 
allied forces in China, is a strong one. The 
countess was Miss Mary Esther Lee of New 
York, and she is quoted by the World as 
saying : 

European men understand women better than 
American men do. They study to please the'i 
wives and render them a thousand little attentions 
that American husbands never dream of paying 
af'er marriage. 

Count von Waldersee was accustomed before our 
marriage to spend his Sundays in the usual Ge r 
man way; in entertaining and being entertainel 
and in transacting business affairs. But imme- 
diately after our marriage, and without my making 
the re uest, he adopted a rule of keeping Sunday 
in strict observance of church rules, in deference 
vishes. He invariably accompanied me to 
■r: i in the morning, spent his afternoons walk- 

- ith me, as- we did during our betrothal, and 
- evenings would sit in the library reading or 

writing, if he did not go with me to the little 
mission service I have held for years on Sunday 
evenings for young girls of the working class. He 
was just as much my lover after thirty years of 
marriage as upon our wedding day. 

But why slay the slain ? To condemn en 
bloc several hundred women on the ground 
that they have married titled husbands is just 
as intelligent as to censure other women who 
have married men with red hair or freckles. 
Suppose we refrain from all kinds of col- 
lective mud-throwing and especially at women 
and still more especially at American women. 

With every strawberry season comes a dis- 
cussion of the way in which that glorious 
dainty should be eaten. Now just as it is a 
fact that there is only one true religion, sub- 
scribed to b}- all wise men. so it is the fact 
that there is only one way to eat strawberries 
without manifesting gross ingratitude for a 
fruit said by Dr. Boteler to be the best, not 
that God could make, but that He did actually 
make. Let us expound. 

Strawberries must upon no account be di- 
vorced from sugar on the one side and cream 
upon the other. Let the sugar be of the finest 
kind. The finer it is the more of it will ad- 
here, while as for the cream, let us have 
none of it unless it be of that sturdy con- 
sistency that will sustain an upright spoon. 
The strawberries should be served with the 
hull, so that there may be no evasiveness or 
reluctance to be grasped. 

Xow take a strawberry firmly and unflinch- 
ingly by the hull. Whether it should be 
dipped first in the cream or first in the sugar 
is a point upon which many great and good 
men have differed. A larger quantity of 
cream will subsequently adhere if it go first 
into the sugar, the smooth surface of the 
berry showing a lamentable lack of affinity 
for the equally smooth cream. It is a de- 
batable point and must be left to individual 
experiment. An admirable plan is first to bite 
a very small piece from the apex or upper 
extremity of the strawberry, thus providing 
a moist surface for the better retention of the 
dressing. Then again the strawberry', unless 
it be very small, may be eaten in layers or 
planes, each freshly exposed surface becom- 
ing suitable for fresh immersion in the sugar 
and the cream. But above all avoid the 
heresy of mere sprinkling. The rite should 
be one of immersion or as nearly immersion 
as the bottoms of the cream and sugar dishes 
will permit. 

It must be remembered that the strawberry 
has religious associations and should there- 
fore be handled with gravity and delibera- 
tion, not lightly nor frivolously. Sydney 
Smith, writing to Mrs. Baring, asked "What 
is real piety ? What is true attachment to the 
church?" And he said that the answer was 
plain : "By sending strawberries to a clergy- 
man." With al! due reverence for the cloth, 
we think that piety requires no such self- 
sacrifice. The consumption of the strawbeny 
should be a matter for personal attention. It 
is one of those duties that should not be dele- 

Then again we find that Shakespeare refers 
to the strawberry as growing in the garden 
of the Bishop of Ely as though an episcopal 
soil were its proper place : 

My Lord of Ely when I was last in Holborn, 

I saw good strawberries in your garden there. 

Alas, there are no strawberries in Holborn 
now, but the ecclesiastical taste is as dis- 
criminating as ever it was. 

But many and varied are the literary ap- 
pearances of the strawberry. There is, for 
example, the old courtship rhyme : 
Bonny lass, canny lass, wilt a be mine? 
Thou'se neither wesh dishes, nor sarrah the swine; 
Thou sail sit on a cushion and sew a fine seam. 
And thou sail eat strawberries, sugar, and cream. 

But why talk any more about it. Let us 
rather have a dish of strawberries and cream. 



Old Hickory, 
Willow and 
Prairie Grass 
Furniture for 
Verandas and 
Summer Homes 

Van Ness and Sutter 

American women were the bright and par- 
ticular stars of the royal enclosure at Ascot 
last month. Among the first to whom the 
king spoke was Mrs. Waldorf Astor, whose 
appearance allows no one to forget that she 
was one of the "lovely Langhorne girls" of 
Virginia. Then there was Mrs. George R. 
Drexel. whose hat was estimated to measure 
three feet across, Mrs. John Jacob Astor 
wore a costume that was admired by those 
who admire that sort of thing. It was of 
pale pink with two broad bands of gray roses 
painted across the skirt. Mrs. Potter Palmer 
wore a directoire costume of white satin and 
a hat resplendent with ostrich feathers. 

The usual Ascot ball was omitted for the 
simple reason that the king can not afford it, 
nor does he hesitate to say so. Windsor 
Castle is said to cost him $5000 a day when 
he is in residence there, and that he intends 
to pass a couple of summer months on one 
of the royal yachts may be explained on the 
ground that the yachts are maintained by the 
government, while the residences are not. The 
financial situation, so far as concerns the 
king, is quite a serious one. but there will be 
no alleviation so long as the insatiable maw 
of the navy is perpetually open for every un- 
protected sixpence. Royal entertainments are 
naturally the first to go under the stress of 
enforced economy, and while this may be very 
sad for the smart set it will hardly impinge 
very deeply upon the conscience of the aver- 
age taxpayer, whose share in the merry- 
making is confined strictly to paying the piper. 



San Francisco Savings Union 






JUNE 30, 1908 


Loans secured bv first lien on real estate wholly 

within the State of California $14,334,938.97 

Loans secured by pledge and hypothecation of 

approved bonds and stocks 1,212,974.40 

Bonds of the municipalities and school districts of 
the State of California, railroad bonds, and 
bonds and stocks of local corporations, the 

value of which is 9,458,019.95 

Bank Premises 1 50.000.00 

Other Real Estate in the State of California 581,696.09 

Furniture and Fixtures 2.000.00 

Cash in Vault and in Bank 1.769.220.66 

Total Assets $27,508,850.07 


jjue Depositors $25,321,986.66 

Capital paid up 1.000,000.00 

Reserve and Contingent Funds. 1,183,632.43 

General Tax Account, Balance Undisbursed 3,230.98 

Total Liabilities $27,508,850.07 

Sax Francisco, July 1, 1908. 

(Signed) E. B. POND, President. 
(Signed) LOVELL WHITE. Cashier. 

State of Caltfoen-ia, 1 

City and County of San Francisco. J 

We do solemnly swear that we have (and each of us has) a 
personal knowledge of the matters contained in the foregoing 
report, and that every allegation, statement, matter, and thing 
therein contained is true, to the best of our knowledge and 

(Signed) E. B. POND, 

Subscribed and sworn to before me, this 1st day of July, 1908. 
[SEAi.1 (Signed) FRANK L. OWEX, 

Notary Public in and for the City and County of San Fran- 
cisco, State of California. 

For the half year ending June 30, 1908, a dividend has been 
declared at the rates per annum of four and one-quarter (4^) 
per cent on term deposits and four (4) per cent on ordinary 
deposits, free of taxes, payable on and after Wednesday, July 1, 
1908. Depositors are entitled to draw their dividends at any 
time during the succeeding half year. A dividend not drawn will 
be added to the deposit account, becomes a part thereof, and 
earns dividend from July 1. Money deposited at any time com- 
mences to earn dividend thirty days thereafter. 

July 11, 1908. 









At first-class Wine Merchants, Grocers, 

Hotels, Cafes. 

Batjer & Co., 45 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 

Sole Agents for United States. 

Roy C. Ward 
Jas. K. Polk 

Jas. W. Dean 
Geo. E. Billings 




312 California Street. Phone Douglas 2283 

San Francisco. Cal. 

John F. Forbes 

Certified Public Accountant 



Ale and Stout 

from Wellpark Bre-tuery 
Glasgow, Scotland 

Forbes Bros., Agents, IQ26 Sutter St. 


CISCO, 108 Sutter Street. — For the half year 
ending June 30, 1908, a dividend has been de- 
clared at the rate of four (4) per cent per an- 
num on all deposits, free of taxes, payable on 
and after Wednesday, July 1, 1908; dividends 
not called for are added to and bear the same 
rate of interest as the principal from July 1. 
1908. CHARLES CARPY, President. 

gomery Street (will occupy our new building. 
Market and Mason Streets, July 27). — For the 
half year ending June 30, 1908, a dividend has 
been declared on all savings deposits, free of 
taxes, at the rate of four (4) per cent per an- 
num, payable on and after Wednesday, July 1, 
1908. Dividends not called for are added to 
and bear the same rate of interest as principal 
from July I, 1908. 

JOHN U. CALKINS, Cashier. 

Montgomery Street, corner Sutter Street. — For 
the half year ending June 30, 1908, a dividend 
has been declared at the rate of 4 per cent per 
annum on all deposits, free of taxes, payable on 
and after Wednesday, July 1, 1908. Dividends 
not called for are added to and bear the same 
rate of interest as the principal from July 1, 
1908. WM. A. BOSTON, Cashier. 


Grave and Gay, Epierammatic and Otherwise. 

A woman on the train entering Grand 
Rapids asked the conductor how long the cars 
stopped at Union station. He replied : 
"Madam," we stop just four minutes, from 
two to two to two two." The woman turned 
to her companion and said: "I wonder if he 
thinks he's the whistle on the engine." 

FORNIA, 42 Montgomery Street, corner Sutter. 
— For half year ending June 30, 1908, a divi- 
dend has been declared on all deposits in the 
savings department of this bank at the rate of 
four (4) per cent per annum, payable on and 
after Wednesday, July 1, 1908; dividends not 
called for are added to and bear the same rate 
of interest as the principal from July 1, 1908. 
B. G. TOGNAZ2I, Manager. 

There is a son of Erin in Newton, Massa- 
chusetts, who is quite a character. He has a 
number of children and was asked one day 
how long he had been married. "Well," he 
said, "there's Eugene is forty, and Norah 
thirty-five, that makes sivinty-five, and Lizzie 
is thirty-two, and how many do that make?" 

Douglas Jerrold's genius for repartee is 
perhaps best shown in his most famous reply 
to Albert Smith, whom he disliked and fre- 
quently abused. Smith grew tired of being 
made the butt of the other's wit, and one 
day plaintively remarked : "After all. Jerrold, 
we row in the same boat." "Yes," came the 
answer, "but not with the same skulls." 

Royal names for hotels are sometimes the 
cause of peculiar misunderstandings. An 
aged farmer from the home county decided to 
make a visit to Toronto. It was the first 
time he had been at a city station and when 
a hotel crier hurried to him with the interro- 
gation, "King Edward?" the newcomer sim- 
ply smiled as he answered: "No, sir — Thomas 
Cox of Eramosa." 

Once Sir Henry Irving while playing 
"Macbeth" in London was somewhat discon- 
certed by one of the "gallery gods." He had 
reached the point where Macbeth orders Ban- 
quo's ghost to leave the banquet board. 
"Hence, horrible shadow, unreal mockery, 
hence !" exclaimed Irving in his most tragic 
tones and with a convu^ive shudder sank to 
the ground, drawing his robe about his face. 
Just as Banquo withdrew, an agitated cock- 
ney voice from high up in the gallery piped 
out as if to reassure Irving : "It's all right 
now, 'Enery ; 'e's gone !" 

An American on a visit to London took 
'bus to the city every morning, where he had 
business to do with an Anglo-American firm. 
He always sat behind the driver. On the 
first journey he noticed that on arriving at a 
certain corner the driver took out his big 
silver watch, dangled it to and fro a few 
times, and winked jovially at an individual 
who stood at the door of a shop. "Why do 
you do that," the American asked. "Well," 
said the driver, taking his pipe from his 
mouth, "that's a little joke we 'as between us. 
bein' as we are old friends. You see, his 
father was 'anged." 

When Charles Dickens was in Washington 
he met one morning on the steps of the Capi- 
tol a young congressman from Tennessee 
whom the great novelist had offended by his 
bluntness. That morning Dickens was in 
great good humor. "I have," said he, "found 
an almost exact counterpart of Little Nell." 
"Little Nell who?" queried the Tennesseean. 
Dickens looked him over from head to foot 
and from foot to head before he answered, 
"My Little Nell." "Oh," said the Tennesseean, 
"I didn't know you had your daughter with 
you." "I am speaking of the Little Nell of my 
story, 'The Old Curiosity Shop,' sir," retorted 
Dickens, flushing. "Oh !" said the imperturb- 
able Tennesseean, "you write novels, do you? 
Don't you consider that a rather trifling occu- 
pation for a grown-up man ?" 

A country admirer sent the following letter 
to Lord Beresford : "My household has been 
blessed with twins (a boy and girl) this morn- 
ing. My wife would like to name the girl 
after the Princess of Wales, and I want to 
name the boy after you. May we do this ? 
and can you obtain the princess's permission 
for us to use her names ?" The admiral 
thought that the applicant desired to use the 
Christian names only, and in due course sent 
the princess's permission together with his 
own. He then forgot all about the matter 
until, one fine morning, he was considerably 
astonished at receiving another letter from 
the same man, to this effect: "My Lord — I 
thought you would like to know that Lord 
Charles Beresford Brown is thriving, and 
has cut his first tooth. Princess of Wales 
Brown had convulsions last week, but is now 
very much better." 

Although woman has not yet won her fight 
for equal suffrage, her influence in the poli- 
tics of a club exclusively for men has lately 
been demonstrated. A contest for the office 
of President in a New York club was de- 
cided by a letter written by a woman. 
There were two candidates for the place; one 
a clerk in a New York financial institution, 
whose young wife had been a working girl, the 
other a wealthy manufacturer, with a reputa- 
tion among his neighbors for "closeness." The 
day before the election each member of the 
little club received a typewritten letter, signed 
by a woman whom all knew, which began with 
these words : "If what I write you is not 

true, it is libel.' 
should not honor 
lated some amusi 
that she was not 
the man. In clos 
think of a man w 
says to his wife : 
ent' If you can 
a man for your 
alleged "meanest 

' Then she said the club 
its "meanest man." and re- 
ng incidents to demonstrate 
mistaken in her estimate of 
ing she wrote, "what do you 
ho has his barn painted and 
'That's your birthday pres- 
afford to elect that kind of 
president, go ahead!" The 
man" was defeated. 

For once the American had discovered some- 
thing British that was better than anything 
thejl could produce "across the pond." His 
discovery was a fine collie dog, and he at once 
tried to induce its owner, an old shepherd, to 
sell it. "Wad ye be takin' him to America?" 
inquired the old Scot. "Yes, I guess so," said 
the Yankee. "I thocht as muckle." said the 
shepherd. "I couldna' pairt wi* Jock." But 
while they sat and chatted an English tourist 
came up, and to him the shepherd sold the col- 
lie for much less than the American had 
offered. "You told me you wouldn't sell him," 
said the Yankee, when the purchaser had de- 
parted. "Na," replied the Scot ; "I said I 
couldna' pairt wi 1 him. Jock'll be back in a 
day or so, but he couldna' swim the Atlantic." 

Wu Ting-Fang, the Chinese ambassador, 
said modestly at a dinner in Newport : "I am 
aware that the honors heaped upon me are due 
to my exalted office, not to my humble self. It 
is my office, it is not I, that gains and merits 
your consideration. Yet this is a mortifying 
truth of a kind that, all of us — ambassadors or 
no — are apt to Vorget. May such a truth never 
be recalled to our memory with the harsh 
shock that came to a Rhode Island farmer wh-j 
won a blue ribbon at a Woonsocket stock show 
with a fat hog — a 1250-pound hog. 'Get my 
name right,' he said, excitedly, to the report- 
ers, with their pencils and yellow paper, who 
crowded round him at awarding f'rae. 'Get 
my name right, boys. It's Hiram Y. Doolittle, 
son of the late General Augustus Anderson 
Doolittle of St. Joseph, who settled in Rhode 

Island in the year ' 'Oh, never mind all 

that,' the oldest reporter interrupted. 'Give us 
the pedigree of the hog.' " 


The Missing 'Word. 
A sporty young man from Mont. 
Did the waltz on a peel of Ban., 
Said he as he fell 
In a mudpuddle — welt, 
It didn't quite sound like "Hos. !" 

— Hanaro" Lampoon. 

Freshly Denned. 
A epigram is something bright, 
What's said in manner nice and light. 
"A man who swears aint worth a damn — " 
That there's a darn good epigram. 

— The Sphinx. 

Household Tribulation. 

The old home is not what it was long ago. 

There's "litterychoor" in each room. 
We Ye all of us talking more careful an" slow 

An' wearin" expressions of gloom. 
Nobody makes jokes or tell stories or sings, 

'Cause laughter aint truly refined 
An' we're puttin' our thoughts on superior things 

Since Maw is improvin' her mind! 

We're talkin' 'bout Shakespeare an' Browning an' 

The biscuits look queer an* taste wrong. 
But she says it's no difference what a man eats 

If his intellect's healthy an* strong. 
An' Paw says a "culture club's" harder to bear 

Than the ten plagues of Egypt combined, 
And excuses himself to go outdoors an* swear 

While Maw is improving her mind. 

We're trying to heed the example she sets, 

Though the pace she has struck makes us pant. 
She says "cawn't" and "shawn't"; but she some- 
times forgets 
And falls back on plain "can't" and "shan't." 
This morning Paw said, as he stood at the door. 

He was more than three-quarters inclined 
To camp out an' never come home any more 
Till Maw quit improvin' her mind! 

— -ff 'ashington Star. 

When John Goodnow was consul-general at 
Shanghai, China, he was an ardent collector 
of antique brasses, and, having acquired a 
great many, was inordinately fond of show- 
ing them off, particularly a small Buddha, 
studded with uncut turquoises and garnets. 
One day he invited a number of Chinese con- 
noisseurs to see his collection and upon their 
departure. Dr. Barchet. the official interpreter, 
overheard one of them remark in Chinese : "I 
heard this man Goodnow had some pretty 
good brasses — why. he hasn't got a piece 
that's more than a thousand years old !" 

She — If a man loves his wife as much as 
she loves him, he will stop wasting his money 
on cigars if she asks him. He — Yes, but if 
his wife loves him as much as she ought to 
love a man who loves her enough to stop it if 
she asks him, she won't ask him. — Puck. 

Magistrate — So you acknowledge having 
stolen the overcoat. Anything more to say? 
Prisoner — Yes, your honor. I had to have 
the sleeves relined. — Punch. 

A. Hirschman. 

For fine jewelry and silverware. 1641-1643 
Van Ness Avenue. 

Savings Bank 


San Francisco, Cal. 

Authorized Capital - $1,000,000.00 
Paid-up Capital - - 500,000.00 

Surplus and Undivided Profits 313,000.00 

40/ Interest 
/O Per Annum 

Interest at the Rate of 4 per cent, per annum 

was paid on Deposits for Six Months 

ending June 30, 1908 

Wm. Babcock, S. L. Abbot, O. D. Baldwin. 
Joseph D. Grant, E. J. McCutchen. L. F. Mon- 
teagle, R. H. Pease, Warren D. Clark. Jas. L. 
Flood, Fred W. Ray, J. A. Donohoe, Jacob 

French Savings Bank 

The French Savings Bank Building, 108-110 
Sutter Street. 


occupies offices in the same building. 

Officers — Charles Carpy, President; Arthur 
Legallet, Vice-President; Leon Bocqueraz, Vice- 
President; Alphonse Bousquet, Secretary. 

Directors — J. E. Artigues, O. Bozio, J. A. 
Bergerot, John Ginty, J. M. Dupas, j. .S. 
Godeau, N. C. Babin, George Belanev, H. de 
St. Seine. 

Safe Deposit Boxes for Rent 

The German Savings and Loan Society 

526 California St., San Franciaco 

Guaranteed Capital $ 1,200,000.00 

Capital actually paid up in cash. 1,000,000.00 
Reserve and Contingent Funds.. 1,453,983.62 

Deposits June 30, 1908 34,474,5 5-1. J 3 

Total Assets 37,055,263.31 

OFFICERS— President, N. Ohlandt; First 
Vice-President, Daniel Meyer; Second Vice- 
President, Emil Rohte; Cashier, A. H. R. 
Schmidt: Assistant Cashier, William Herr- 
mann; Secretary, George Tourny; Assistant 
Secretary, A. H. Muller; Goodfellow & Eells, 
General Attornevs. 

i-aniel Mever, Emil Rohte, Ign. Steinhart, I. 
N. Walter, J. W. Van Bergen, F. Tillmann, Jr., 
E. T. Kruse, and W. S. Goodfellow. 

The National Bank ROLL OF HONOR 

Tbe title "Roll of Honor National 
Bank " is a distinction of which any 
financial institution in the United Slates 
may be proud- As is well known a 
" Roll of Honor Bank " is one possess- 
ing surplus and profits in excess of cap- 
ital. A place on the Roll of Honor can 
not be bought, it must be earned. 

This bank has for a long time been known as a " Roll of 

Honor Bank " among banks and bankers. 



A. W. Naylor. Pm. F.M.Wilson. Vui-Ptii. 
F. L. NAYLOR. Cathitr. F.C. Mortimer Asit. Catfiitr. 

Established 1850 


Total Assets .' $5,817,423 

Surplus to Policy-Holders J.l 18.314 


Manager Pacific Department 


San Francisco 

S. F. and North Pacific 5" 
Market Sl 1st Con. 5% 
Cal. Central Gas and El. 5 '-',,_ 
Sacramento El. Gas and Ry. 5% 





Wt h»ve a Direct Wire to N. Y. 


United State* Depositary 

Berkeley, Cal. 
Directors — George P. Baxter, Pres. ; J. \V. 
Richards. Yice-Pres.; Benjamin Bangs, Vice- 
Pres. ; Louis Titus, Dr. Thomas Addison. A. G. 
Freeman. Duncan McDuffie, Perry T. Tomp- 
kins, F. L. Lipman. W. J. Hotchkiss, and Whit- 
ney Palache. P. H. ATKIXSOX. Cashier. 

Connecticut Fire Insurance Company 



l". S. Assets... 
" Surplus 





merchants' exchange 

I. .1. Kenny, 


W. L. W. Miller. 

stant Manager 



July 11, 1908. 


Notes and Gossip. 
A chronicle of the social happenings dur- 
ing the past week in the cities on and around 
the Bay of San Francisco will be found in the 
following department : 

The Fourth of July seems to have been the 
incentive to an unusual number of house parties 
and motoring trips arranged for the week-end. 
Many dinners and dances of an informal nature 
were given at the country homes that were within 
sufficiently accessible distance from town, while the 
motoring parties made the long-distance places the 
objective point of their tours. 

An interesting engagement recently announced is 
that of Miss Louise Hollister Cooper and Mr. 
Hewitt Davenport. 

An engagement of much interest on both sides 
the bay is that of Miss Kathleen Thompson, daugh- 
ter of Mr. James Alden Thompson of Mill Valley, 
to Mr. Charles Gilmour Norris, a brother of the 
late Frank Norris. 

General and Mrs. Adna R. Chaffee have an- 
nounced the engagement of their daughter Helen 
to Lieutenant John Howard, who is now on duty 
in the Philippines. 

The announcement comes from San Diego of the 
engagement of Miss Marie Carter and Mr. John 
Geary of this city. 

A wedding announcement of much interest is 
that of Mr. John B. Clem, Jr., of San Antonio, 
Texas, son of Colonel John E. Clem, U. S. A., and 
Miss Lilian Bouton. 

The wedding of- Miss Gertrude Josselyn and Mr. 
Gerald Rathbone was solemnized Tuesday at the 
home of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Charles 
Josselyn, on Webster Street. The ceremony was 
performed by Bishop William Vord Nichols, assisted 
by Dr. Parsons. The bridal party consisted of 
Miss Myra Josselyn as maid of honor, Miss Emily 
Wilson, Miss Margaret Newhall, Miss Llena Rob- 
inson, Miss Maud Bourn, Miss Mary Josselyn, and 
Miss Marjorie Josselyn as bridesmaids and Mr. 
Harry Poett as best man. After a short wedding 
trip Mr. and Mrs. Rathbone will take up their resi- 
dence on Broadway. 

Lieutenant Cronin was recently host at a dinner 
given on board the U. S. S. Connecticut. Among 
the guests were Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Welch, Mr. 
and Mrs. A. D. Sharon, Mrs. Marguerite Le Bre- 
ton, Mr. and Mrs. Ldgar Peixotto, Miss Florence 
Breckenridge, and Miss Mary Keeney. 

Mr. and Mrs. John C. Wilson entertained a num- 
ber of friends at dinner at the Fairmont and after- 
ward at the theatre the first night of Mrs. Fiske's 
"Rosmerholm." Among their guests were Mr. and 
Mrs. Willard Drown, Miss Lucie King, and Miss 
Edith Simpson. 

The Misses Morrison of San Jose are entertain- 
ing a house party over the Fourth. Their guests 
are: Colonel John B. Clem, U. S. A., and Mrs. 
Clem, Miss Annie Sullivan, Lieutenant Hazzard, 
U. S. A., and Mrs. Hazzard, Captain T. Z. Ash- 
burn, U. S. A., and Mrs. Ashburn, and Captain 
James Brady, U. S. A. 

One of the most attractive out-of-town house par- 
ties given during the week-end was that of Miss 
Florence Hopkins, who entertained a number of 
friends from town and the Burlingame Club at her 
home in Menlo Park. 

Miss Maud Bourn entertained a house party at 
the Bourn country home in Grass Valley over the 
Fourth of July. 

Mrs. J. D. Safford of Springfield, Massachusetts, 
has announced the engagement of her daughter 
Leila to Mr. John Naylor Stevens of Ludlow, 
Massachusetts. Miss Safford is the granddaughter 
of the late General Ralph W. Kirkham, for many 
years prominent in the Pacific Fleet. 

Mrs. A. D. Sharon entertained at luncheon at 
the Fairmont recently Mrs. Dixwell Hewitt, Miss 
Blanding, Miss Lily Lawler, and Miss Florence 

Mr. and Mrs. Clement Tobin entertained a num- 
ber of friends at a luncheon at the Burlingame 
Club a few days ago. 

Mrs. H. T. Scott entertained a company of 
friends at luncheon in the Hotel St. Francis 
Monday afternoon. 

A dinner was given at The Peninsula on Sun- 
day night by Mr. and Mrs. Z. W. Reynolds, U. S. 
navy. The personnel of the party was Mr. and 
Mrs. H. Obear, Mr. and Mrs. Eaton, Mrs. Flower, 
Mrs. Hanford, Mrs. Shirley, Mrs. Cooley, Lieu- 
tenant-Commander Hubbard, Mr. Gouldby. 

Movements and Whereabouts. 

Annexed will be found a resume of move- 
ments to and from this city and Coast, and 
of the whereabouts of absent Californians : 

Mr. and Mrs. Fisher Ames sailed last week for 

Mr. and Mrs. William Newhall and family are 
in the Tahoe region for the summer. 

Mrs. Walter Hobart and her children are again 
in their home in San Mateo. 

Mr. and Mrs. Vincent Whitney are in town for 
a few days, the guests of Mrs. Whitney's parents, 
Mr. and Mrs. John Landers. 

Mrs. Horace Blanchard Chase, who was in town 
a few days last week, has returned to "Stag's 
Leap," the Chase country place. 

Mrs. Walter Dean is in Los Angeles, the guest 
of Mrs. Frank Hicks. 

Mrs. W. H. H. Sutherland, wife of Captain 
Sutherland, and her daughters, the Misses Harriet 
and Mary Sutherland, sailed a few days ago for 

Mr. and Mrs. Clinton Worden have gone to the 
Tahoe region for a few weeks. 

Miss Jessie Wright is the guest of Miss Frances 
Howard at the Howard home in San Mateo. 

Mrs. Edgar Van Bergen has returned from a 
few days' visit to Palo Alto. 

Mrs. Jewell, wife of Rear- Admiral Jewell, has 
returned from her trip through the Yosemite Val- 
ley and is at the Fairmont. 

Lieutenant and Mrs. Frank B. Freyer returned 
to town for a day or two after their visit to Lake 
Tahoe and are now continuing their trip through 
Southern California. 

Miss Angela Coyle is visiting friends in San 

Mrs Charles Allen and Miss Allen, wife and 
daughter of General Allen, are at the St. Francis 
for ;; few days. 

Mi ' and Mrs. Mark Requa have returned from 
N e* York and will spend the summer at Berkeley. 

C -inlander Nelson has been the guest of Rear- 

Admiral and Mrs. Charles Sperry at the Peninsula 
during the week. 

Miss Agnes Tobin is planning a trip to France 

in the future to visit her sister, Mrs. Raoul Duval. 

Mrs. John H. Speck, accompanied by her mother, 

Mrs. M. J. Lee, have returned from a trip to 

British Columbia. 

Dr. and Mrs. Gates, after several years in 
Europe, have returned to their home in San Jose. 
Mr. and Mrs. Clemant Bennet have returned 
from a motor trip to Monterey. 

Mr. and Mrs. Vincent Whitney have returned to 
town and reopened their house. 

Miss M. A. Williams and Miss Kathleen Wil- 
liams are at El Cerrito. 

Mrs. John Murtagh, wife of Dr. Murtagh, 
TJ. S. A., has returned from Fort William McKin- 
ley, P. L, and is the guest of her mother, Mrs. 
de Earth Shorb. 

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph S. Coryell have returned 
from Lake County and will open their home at 
Fair Oaks. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sherwood Hopkins are at Boca 
for tae summer. 

Mrs. J. Downey Harvey will leave shortly to join 
a party motoring through the Yosemite Valley. 

Baron von Preuschen and Herr von Schubert, 
attaches of the diplomatic service at Washington, 
are visiting various points of interest along the 
Pacific Coast. 

Mrs. Coyle and her daughters, Misses Angela 
and Maisie Coyle, are in San Jose. 

Mrs. James Sperry is entertaining her sister, 
Mrs. Tilghmann of Santa Barbara, at her home in 

Mrs. Eugene Bresse is spending a few weeks at 
Aetna Springs. 

Mrs. W. S. Porter and Miss Florence Ives are 
enjoying a motor trip through the southern part of 
the State. 

Lieutenant F. B. Thomas of the U. S. S. Kear- 
sarge has been at Del Monte during the week. 

Lieutenant Leighton Powell, Fifteenth Infantry, 
U. S. A., stationed at the Presidio at Monterey, 
has been in town a few days and is stopping at the 
St. Francis. 

Mr. Charles H. Leavell, Mr. C. N. Bassett, Mr. 
M. C. Edmonds, and Mr. B. A. Nebeker compose 
an automobile party that has just come up from 
EI Paso to this city. They are stopping at the 
Hotel St. Francis. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Aimer Newhall and Mr. 
and Mrs. Samuel Knight spent last week touring 
through Lake County. 

Mr. C. J. Cudahy and Mr. M. F. Cudahy are 
guest of the St. Francis. 

Rear-Admiral and Mrs. W. T. Swinburne, U. S. 
S. Charleston, have returned from their visit to 
Aetna Springs. 

Mr. T. Dart Walker is registered at the St. 

Miss Genevieve Harvey is the guest of her sister, 
Mrs. Oscar Cooper. 

Mr. John T. McGrew of Honolulu is at the St. 
Francis on his way home to the islands. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gerald Rathburn are making a 
short stay at Santa Barbara. 

Mr. Clarence Follis is back, after two years in 
Paris, and has taken rooms at the St. Francis. 

Mrs. Uriel Sebree, wife of Rear-Admiral Sebree, 
has returned from Denver and will be at the Fair- 
mont a few days. 

Judge L. C. McKeeby of Los Angeles, his son- 
in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. A. G. Bartlett, 
and Miss Florence Bartlett, are at the St. Francis. 
Mrs. Frank B. Freyer, upon the sailing of the 
fleet, has gone to Georgia, where she will visit 
Lieutenant Freyer's family. 

Colonel William G. Greene of Cananea, Mexico, 
has left for the Orient, after a brief stay at the 
Hotel St. Francis. He is accompanied by his 
daughter, Miss Eva Greene, Miss Helen Langlow, 
Dr. W. T. Galbraith, and Mr. C. W. Young. 

Mr. and Mrs. Homer King are taking several 
weeks' vacation in the northern part of the State. 
Mr. Frederick W. Newell, director of the 
United States Reclamation Service, is at the Hotel 
St. Francis, where he is to meet and confer with 
Secretary of the Interior Garfield. Secretary Gar- 
field has just returned from the Islands on the 
U. S. S. St. Louis. 

Consul and Mrs. Wilbert T. Gracey, from Tsing- 
tan, China, are the guests of Mrs. Gracey 's parents, 
Mr. and Mrs. Charles G. Yale, in Oakland. 

Mr. R. C. Stoddard, attorney-general of Nevada, 
is registered at the St. Francis with his niece. 

Mr. E. M. Greenway was registered at the 
Plaza, New York, last week. 

Mr. Samuel Piatt, recently appointed U. S. 
Attorney-General for the District of Nevada, is at 
the Hotel St. Francis. 

Mrs. Joseph M. Reeves of Annapolis, Mary- 
land, granddaughter of Rear-Admiral Watkins, is 
the guest of Mrs. James T. Watkins at Fair Oaks. 
Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Blossom and Mrs. M. 
W. Blossom are at the St. Francis in the course 
of a motor trip through the State. 

Mrs. A. N. Towne is to be the guest of Mrs. 
Isaac Requa at her Piedmont home during the 

Dr. A. L. Fisher and Mrs. Fisher have taken 
apartments at The Peninsula, San Mateo, where 
they will pass the summer months. 

Lieutenant A. B. Thomas, Miss Ruth Thomas, 
and Mrs. H. E. Yarnell and her child, who were 
with Mrs. Charles M. Thomas at the Hotel St. 
Francis, have accompanied the widow of the late 
admiral on her journey to New York. 

The Leslie D. Whitneys have given up their 
house in San Mateo and will spend several months 
at The Peninsula. 

Prominent among recent arrivals from Hawaii 
at the St. Francis are Mr. F. R. Harvey and Mr. 
W. C. McGonagle, delegates to the Democratic 
National Convention, and the Hon. John C. Lane, 
who is returning from the Republican National 
Convention to the Islands. 

Lieutenant L. C. Farley, U. S. navy, was an 
over Sunday guest at The Peninsula, San Mateo. 
Mr. N. P. Wheeler and son of Endeavor, Penn- 
sylvania, and Mr. W. Merseman and three sons, 
from Portville, New York, are at the St. Francis. 
Mrs. C. S. Sperry, wife of Admiral Sperry, who 
has been at The Peninsula for several months, 
will leave for her home in Washington in a few 

Major-General and Mrs. William M. McCaskey, 
who have been visiting Tahoe, have returned to 
their apartments in the Hotel St. Francis. 

The Hotel St. Francis has been the objective 
point of a great many automobile parties during 
the past few weeks. At present the St. Francis 
is entertaining the Blossoms of Pasadena, Mr. G. 
S. Holmes, who, with Miss Holmes and Miss 

Sutter, motored up from Salt Lake by way of 
Los Angeles ; Mr. J. B. Banning, who came up 
from the south in his machine with Mrs. Banning, 
Miss Katherine Banning, Mr. J. B. Banning, Jr., 
Mrs. Katherine Ayer, Mr. William Banning, and 
Mr. Willard Salisbury. 

Among recent arrivals at the Hotel Normandie 
are Mrs. Harris Lanning and daughter, Rev. John 
D. Maguire, Washington, D. C. ; Mrs. Henry Tay- 
lor, Coronado; Mr. and Mrs. L. S. Sherman, Mr. 
and Mrs. Theodore A. Bell, Mr. Max A. Mayer 
and family, St. Louis; Mrs. R. G. Lunt, Mr. F. 
McD. Lunt, Los Angeles; Mr. and Mrs. A. W. 
Scott, Jr., and Mr. C. C. Holland, U. S. navy. 


At the Greek Theatre. 

John Phillip Sousa played to several hun- 
dred less people when he played in the Greek 
Theatre in Berkeley than crowded that mag- 
nificent auditorium last Saturday night to 
hear the grand patriotic concert given by the 
Third Artillery Band. More than 7000 audi- 
tors noisily manifested their delight through 
the entire programme, and left the theatre a 
very much pleased throng. The concert was, 
if anything, better than the first one of a 
week previous. While the selections were 
mostly of a patriotic order, there was just 
enough of the classical and popular to relieve 
the otherwise strict military atmosphere of 
the evening. All in all, the night had the 
brightest and most novel patriotic tone of 
any celebration ever given about the bay in 
honor of the birth of the nation. 

L. A. Larsen, the Bohemian Club baritone, 
who sang "My Own United States," was given 
great applause. He responded to two encores, 
giving one verse concerning the navy of his 
own composition. The rendition of the war- 
time descriptive military fantasia, "In Ambus- 
cade," set the thousands cheering. It was a 
wonderful sight as that vast crowd entered 
heartily into the spirit of the stirring number. 

This week's programme for Saturday night, 
July 11, includes a solo by the well-known 
basso contendo, Signor Joaquin Wanrell, who 
sang here and abroad with the new grand 
opera star, Mme. Tetrazzini. He will give 
selections from grand opera and the engage- 
ment is considered .a treat for the music 
lovers who have become patrons of Professor 
Armes's new venture. 

Following is the band programme, including 
Tschaikowsky's "Slave," a descriptive piece 
only played once before by a band on this 
Coast, and then by Sousa, the only organiza- 
tion that cared to tackle it: 

March, "Caesar's Triumphal March," from "Ben 
Hur," Mitchell; overture, "Orpheus," Offenbach; 
intermezzo, "In Springtime," Brooks; descriptive, 
"Slave," Tschaikowsky; "Band on Strike," Schift; 
operatic selections by Signor Joaquin S. Wanrell; 
"Patriotic Airs of Two Continents," Rollinson; 
■"Characteristic Darkey Jubilee," Turner; xylo- 
phone solo, performed by Sergeant O'Connor; se- 
lection, "The Serenade," Herbert; "Star- Spangled 

In Novello's "History of Cheap Music" it is 
stated that about the year 1837 it was pro- 
posed seriously to introduce the claque at the 
English opera-houses by way of "educating 
the public" and in order to teach ignorant 
amateurs where applause should come in. 

"Peter Pan" has caught the fancy of the 
Parisians, as produced at the Vaudeville 
Theatre, with Pauline Chase as Peter. 

Dustan Farnum is to star in "The Squaw 
Man" next season. 

Hotel Colonial 

Stockton above Sutter Street 

American and European Plans 

Special Rates to Permanents 


Telephone, Kearny 4754 

When You Leave Town 

Store Your Trunks, Piano, 

Household Goods, Etc. 

With Us 


Sutter near Fillmore 

Tel. West 999 


Family Resort between Saratoga 
and Los Gatos 

Has increased its accommodations, main build- 
ing furnace heated, beautifully furnished 
rooms with all modern conveniences. Open 
all the year. Positively exclusive. For in- 
formation address 

THEODORE J. MORRIS, Proprietor, 
Los Gatos, Cal. 


"A cake of pre- 
vention is worth a 
box of cure." 

Don't wait until 
the mischief's done 
before using Pears' 

There's no pre- 
ventive so good as 
Pears' Soap. 

Established in 1789. 


Superbly situated 

Magnificently appointed 

Perfectly served 

In every respect nearest approach- 
ing the IDEAL hotel 

Managed by the world famous 

Palace Hotel Company 



Hotel Del Monte 

Golf, Motoring, Sailing 

Fishing, Bathing, Riding 

LOW HOTEL RATES $3.00 to $5.50 per day 

American Plan 

H. R. WARNER, Manager Del Monte 

Or 789 Market St., San Francisco 


Idealizing California country life 

All roads to Aetna Springs now open to 
automobiles. Special automobile service from 
St. Helena to the Springs. 

Just the place for the family. Reservations 
now being made. Rates and literature on ap- 


Aetna Springs, Napa County, Cal. 

Hotel Collingwood 

35th St., bet. 5th Ave. and Broadway 

New fireproof hotel located in the shopping 
and theatre district, containing every modern 
device for comfort of guests. 

Positively exclusive. Service a la carte. 

Peyton Chemical Co. 

Purchasers and Smelters of 
Rooms 657 and 658 Mills Building, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 
Smelter and Works at Peyton, Contra Costa 
Co., Cal.; P. O., Martinez. 


Choice Woolens 


Merchant Tailors 
108-110 Sutter St. French Bank BIdg. 

July 11, 1908. 



Hotel St. Francis 

Anticipating every 
demand of the most 
exacting nature. 


Seattle's Newest and Most Modern Hotel 

! "Twelve Storiesof 
Solid Comfort" 

Building, concrete, 
steel and marble. 

Located, most fash- 
ionable shopping 

210rooms,135 baths. 

Library and bound 
magazines in read- 
ing rooms for 

Most refined hostelry 
in Seattle. 

Absolutely fireproof. 

English Grill. 

Rates, S 1.00 up 



"The World's Host Beautiful Playground" 

*J More features in a few square miles than any 
other spot. The famous Big Trees, Scenic 
Mountains. Surf Bathing superb. Largest and 
most magnificent Casino and Natatorium. Cli- 
mate without an equal. 

"Never a Dull Moment 


Berkeley Apartments 

Several sunny suites available for the 
summer and autumn months at Hotel 
Cloyne Court, Berkeley. For further par- 
ticulars address 

J. M. PIERCE, Manager. 

Hot Springs 

The waters cure rheumatism — the environment 
is perfect — the hotel comfortable and supplied 
with an unexcelled table. See Southern Pacific 
Information Bureau, ground floor, James Flood 
Building; Peck-Judah Co., 789 Market St., or 
address hotel. 

Hotel del Coronado 

Most Delightful Climate on Earth 

American Plan. Summer rates S3. 50 per day each and 

upward, or $21.00 per week each and upward 
"Goinl Music" and "Fine Automobile Road, 

Los Angeles-Riverside to Coronado." 
Golf, Tennis, Polo, and other outdoor sports 
every day in the year. 
1 New 700-foot ocean pier, for fishing. Boating 
and Bathing are the very best. Send for 
booklet to 

MORGAN ROSS, Manager, 

Coronado Beach, Cal. 

Or see H. F. NORCROSS, Agent, 

334 So. Spring St., Los Angeles. 

Tel. A 6789; Main 3917. 

22d Street and Broadway 


Army and Navy. 

The latest personal notes relative to army 
and navy people who are or have been sta- 
tioned at Pacific Coast points : 

Major Hoel S. Bishop, Fifth Cavalry, of the 
Army War College, will proceed from Washington 
at the proper time and report for duty at Atasca- 
dero Ranch during the continuance of the camp. 

Lieutenant- Commander M. E. Reed, when dis- 
charged from treatment at the U. S. Naval Hos- 
pital, Mare Island, will proceed to his home and be 
granted sick leave tor two months. 

Lieutenant-Commander Allan Cooke has been 
assigned to the submarine Grampus, Mare Island. 

Captain Abraham Bickham is relieved from duty 
on the Philippine Division, to take effect upon the 
arrival of Captain Nones at Manila, and will then 
proceed to San Francisco and upon arrival report 
in person to the commanding officer at the Presidio 
of San Francisco for duty as quartermaster of that 

Captain William H. Tobin, One Hundred and 
Forty-Sixth Coast Artillery, has been appointed 
acting quartermaster for the Presidio of San 

Captain George A. Nugent, who has been tempo- 
rary quartermaster at the Presidio at San Fran- 
cisco, is soon to be relieved from duty here and 
will proceed to his new station. 

Leave of ten days' absence is granted Captain 
Robert W. Barnett, Third Infantry, to take effect 
upon his release from the Army and Navy Hos- 
pital, Hot Springs, Arkansas. 

Captain James W. Mc Andrew, Third Infantry, 
U. S. A., Presidio of Monterey, is detailed as camp 
quartermaster and assistant to the chief quarter- 
master at the Manoeuvre Camp, American Lake, 

Captain Albert E. Truby, Medical Corps, Army 
General Hospital, Presidio of San Francisco, will 
take command of the one-half of Company B, Hos- 
pital Corps, and proceed with it to Murray, Wash- 
ington, reporting upon arrival to the camp com- 

Captain Ernest G. Bingham, Medical Corps, is 
relieved from duty at the General Hospital, Pre- 
sidio of San Francisco, and will proceed to Fort 
Porter, New York, where he will report in person 
for duty. 

Lieutenant G. W. S. Castle, detached from duty 
in connection with the Pike, is transferred to the 
Pacific Station, sailing on or about July 6. 

First Lieutenant Morris E. Locke, First Field 
Artillery, has been granted two months' leave of 
absence, to take effect upon the completion of any 
duty to which he may be assigned during the 

Lieutenant Martin E. Metcalf, U. S. N., of the 
Farragitt, Fourth Torpedo Flotilla, is on temporary 
duty at Mare Island. 

First Lieutenant Ronald E. Fisher has been 
transferred from the Seventh Cavalry to the Four- 
teenth Cavalry, Presidio of San Francisco, and 
will be assigned to his troop. 

First Lieutenant Philip W. Corbusier, Four- 
teenth Cavalry, Presidio of San Francisco, has, by 
his own request, been transferred to the Seventh 

First Lieutenant Parker Hitt, Twenty-Second 
Infantry, Presidio of Monterey, is relieved from 
duty at his present station and transferred to Fort 
McDowell to report for duty. 

First Lieutenant James Prentice, C. A. C, imme- 
diately after his return to Fort Stevens, Oregon, 
from his present leave, will proceed to Alcatraz 
Island for duty, relieving First Lieutenant Wil- 
liam P. Currier, P. A. C, who will report in per- 
son to the C. O. Artillery District of San Fran- 
cisco for assignment to a company and station. 

Lieutenant Ernest r-reaerick, U. S. N., of the 
Hopkins (destroyer), Special Service Squadron, is 
on temporary duty at Mare Island. 

Lieutenant Howard McA. Snyder, Medical 
Corps, stationed at the General Hospital, will pro- 
ceed to Fort Rosecranz for temporary duty. 

Lieutenant Hiram Phillips, Medical Corps, has 
reported at the Presidio of San Francisco and will 
be assigned to duty with Company E, Hospital 

Second Lieutenant John J. Burleigh, Twenty- 
Second Infantry, Presidio of Monterey, will, after 
the departure of his regiment for Alaska, remain 
on duty at that post until not later than August 
15, when he will stand relieved from such duty 
and join his regiment. 

Second Lieutenant Rockwell, Third Infantry, 
Monterey, will, upon completing his course of 
instruction in the School of Musketry, proceed to 
Fort Lawton, Washington. 

Second Lieutenant Edmund B. Inglehart, Third 
Infantry, U. S. A., has received his promotion 
without being transferred from his regiment, sta- 
tioned at the Monterey Presidio. 

Second Lieutenant James A. Shannon, Seventh 
Cavalry, upon his arrival in San Francisco will 
proceed to his regiment at Fort niley, Kansas. 

Ensign N. H. Goss, detached from duty in con- 
nection with the Grampus, is transferred to the 
Pacific Station, sailing from San Francisco on or 
about July 6. 

Contract Surgeon George F. Campell, U, S. A., 
is relieved from duty in the Philippine Division 
and will proceed by the first available transport 
from Manila to San rrancisco for further orders. 

Contract Surgeon Charles A. Cattermole, now 
at San Francisco, will proceed to Manhattan, 
Nevada, for annulment of contract. 

The Sixty-Sixth and One Hundred and Fifty- 
Ninth Companies, Coast Artillery Corps, Presidio 
of San Francisco, Cal., are relieved from duty at 
their present station and will proceed to Fort 
Barry, Cal., for station. 

Past Assistant Paymaster J. F. Kutz, when dis- 
charged from treatment at the Naval Hospital, 
Mare Island, will report to the commandant of tne 
Yard for duty. 

A board of officers to consist of Major Gustave 

W. S. Stevens, C. A. C. ; Captain Solomon Avery, 
Jr., C. A. C, and First Lieutenant Felix W. Mot- 
low, C. A. C, is appointed to meet at the Presidio 
of San Francisco June 15, 1908, to examine into 

the qualifications of Sergeant August Meny, One 
Hundred and Fifty-Eighth Company, C. A. C, for 
the position of ordnance sergeant. 

At Out-of-Town Hotels. 

Among the arrivals at Byron Hot Springs dur- 
ing the past week were the following: From San 
Francisco — Rev. P. R. Lynch, Rev. J. Harnett, 
Mr. Leon Blum, Mr. J. Hoyt Toler, William 
Fletcher McNutt, M. D., William Whelan, M. D.; 
from Oakland — Mr. and Mrs. C. G, Oxnard, Mr. 
and Mrs. George W. McNear, Miss Elizabeth Mc- 
Near; from Piedmont — Mr. and Mrs. Edgar 

The following are among recent arrivals from 
San Francisco at Taboe Tavern, Lake Tahoe, Cali- 
fornia: Mrs. Ed. Fowler and daughter, Mr. and 
Mrs. F. H. Pierson, Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Michaels, 
Miss S. Bradshaw, Mrs. Hickman Nevins and 
child, Mr. and Mrs. D. W. Earl, Mr. W. W. 
Haas, Mrs. Charles Fee and the Misses Fee, Mr. 
Jerome Fee, Mr. and Mrs. H. D. Samuels, Mr. 
and Mrs. F. E. Kirkpatrick, Dr. A. Abraham, Mr. 
and Mrs. R. S. Chapman, Mrs. B. M. Gunn, the 
Misses Gunn, Miss Beatrice Hewitt, Mrs. F. Mc- 
Aleer, Mr. Joseph Magnin, Mr. M. M. Loventhal, 
Mrs. H. C. Tabrett, Miss Tabrett, Dr. Morris 
Herzstein, Mrs. S. I. Winslow, Miss Winslow. 

Among recent arrivals at The Peninsula, San 
Mateo, were Mrs. Maurice J. Pope, Miss Martha 
Smith, Mrs. Thomas Barry, Miss Ellen Pope, Miss 
Estelle Schwartz, Miss Madeline O'Neil, Mr. D. 
C. McCabe, Miss M. A. Donnelly, Mrs. J. Pope, 
Mr. J. J. Swords, Mr. W. R. Johnson, Mr. Louis 
Jennings, Mrs. L. Gossner, Mr. Grover Magnin, 
Mr. J. Magnin, Miss Bernice Wilson, Mr. and 
Mrs. T. W. Connelly, Mr. and Mrs. F. J. Ros- 
ter, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Peterson, Mr. J. B. Mc- 
Intyre, Miss Sarah Kingsley, Mr. T. J. Savage, 
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Hanley, Mr. and Mrs. M. 
H. Robbins, Jr., Dr. and Mrs. L. Porter, Miss 
May Bachman, Mrs. H. A. Hare, Mr. McKee 
Sherrard, Miss B. H. Trewitt, Mr. and Mrs. T. 
R. Turner, Miss Triest, Mr. and Mrs. Norman 
Lombard, Mr. and Mrs. James L. Lombard, Mrs. 
F. Bauer, Mr. J. L. Stern, Mr. and Mrs. Stuart 

A few of the recent arrivals at the Tavern of 
Tamalpais were : From San Francisco — Mr. F. 
Winslow, Mr. and Mrs. George J. Lambley, Mr. 
Daniel E. Hayes, Mr'. A. H. Stiegemeyer, Mr. 
Marion F. Wright, Mr. Christine Judal, Miss Ida 
Goldsmith, Miss Bertha Goldsmith, Mr. and Mrs. 
F. C. Kroger, Miss Frances M. O'Neill, Miss May 
Casey, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph E. Talbot, Mr. and 
Mrs. A. Busse and family, Miss Beatrice Busse, 
Mr. and Mrs. A. Marks, Mr. D. E. Hayes; from 
Mill Valley — Mrs. J. B. Stevens; from Berkeley — 
Mr. V. R. Stout, Mr. R. M. Clarke, Mr. A. E. 
Britton, Mr. and Mrs. V. W. Lothrob, Mrs. Edwin 
Fritwell, Miss Ruth Monroe; from Oakland — Mrs. 
C. Richards, Mrs. E. Putzer, Mrs. N. C. Noblett, 
Mr. O. Johnson, Mr. Henry Blackman, Mr. and 
Mrs. J. C. Storm. 

The following are among the guests who have 
recently registered at ./Etna Springs: From San 
Francisco — Mrs. L. B. Worrell, Miss Adeline D. 
Worrell, Mr. Vail Bakewell, Mrs. J. H. Bullock, 
Miss W. M. Curran, Mr. Nat Boas, Mr. H. G. 
Sheideman, Miss Linda B. Russ, Mr. and Mrs. F. 
J. Cooper, Mr. Harold J. Cooper, Mr. L. Mack, 
Mr. M. O. Edwards, Mr. Joseph F. Coffey, Mr. 
and Mrs. Haig Patigian, Mr. Bush Finnell, Mr. O. 
L. Towle, Mr. and Mrs. Carl H. Schmidt, Miss 
Gladys Schmidt, Mr. F. H. Keyes, Mr. Erie J. 
Osborne, Dr. and Mrs. C. F. Ford, Mr. and Mrs. 
J. L. Crichton, Mr. Maurice Crichton, Mr. Edward 
T. Houghton, Mrs. A. A. Stoneberger, Miss S. M. 
Curran, Mr. Ben Boas, Mrs. A. L, Russ, Mr. Inyo 
A. Russ, Miss Dorothy J. Cooper, Mrs. Wallace 
Wise, Mr. E. W. Williams, Mr. M. K. Cole, Mr. 
Bernard Westlake Cole, Mr. L. C. Sheldon, Mr. 
and Mrs. W. D. Fennimore, Miss Mildred 
Schmidt, Miss Eunice Frengler, Mr, Jaques de la 
Montanya, Mr. Roy A. Pratt, Dr. C. E. Pratt; 
from Oakland — Mr. and Mrs. Felton Taylor, Miss 
Margaret Taylor, Mr. Donald Tucker Macdonald, 
Miss Alma R. Hoffman, Mr. Cary Howard, Mr. H. 
W. Sharp, Mrs. Katharyne Russell, Miss S. I. 
Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. Macdonald, Miss Mona 
Macdonald, Mr. and Mrs. A. F. Cornwall, Mr. 
and Mrs. E. H. Howard, Mr. and Mrs. Walter 
Morgan, Mr. Edw. Bullis; from Berkeley — Mr. 
and Mrs. W. H. Crowell. 

Isabel Irving, who will play the leading 
feminine role in "Mater" with Henry Miller 
at the Van Ness Theatre, arrived here last 
Sunday night from London in response to a 
cable from the actor-manager. 


'The Man of the Hour" will be played here 
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July 11, 1908 


He — I'd go to the end of the world for you. 
She — You won't have to go that far. I'm here. 
— The Sphinx. 

"'Bridget, wasn't that policeman making love 
to you in the kitchen, last night?" "He thot 
he was. mum." — Life. 

"Papa, what is the person called who brings 
you in contact with the spirit world ?' : "A bar- 
tender, son." — Houston Post. 

Teacher — If you are kind and polite to your 
playmates, what will be the result? Scholar — 
They'll think they can lick me! — Philadelphia 

He — That fellow over there cheated me out 
of a cool million. She — How could he? He 
— Wouldn't let me marry n * s daughter. — The 

Old Gentleman — And if you had five hun- 
dred dollars and multiplied it by two, what 
would you get ? Boy — 'Nautmobile ! — Har- 
per's Weekly. 

"Do you think he can afford to keep an 
auto ?" "He ought to. He's been an amateur 
photographer for three years and that didn't 
break him." — Detroit Free Press. 

Mother i crossly ) — Tommy, haven't I told 
you you must not talk when I am talking? 
Tommy — But. mamma, you won't let me stay 
up after you go to bed! — Sketch. 

Mrs. Eastend — You'll not find me difficult 
to suit, Nora. Nora ( the n ew maid ) — I 'm 
sure not. ma'am : I saw your husband as I 
came in, ma'am. — Pittsburg Observer. 

Hewitt — My wife is up to date, lewett — 

Sheath gown or Merry Widow hat? Hewitt — 
Neither: she asked me this morning if I had 
any emergency currency. — Town Topics. 

Mistress — Now, remember, Bridget, the 
Joneses are coming for dinner. Cook — Leave 
it to me, mum. I'll do me worst! They'll 
never trouble yez again ! — Illustrated Bits. 

Medium (impressively) — It's the spirit of 
your late husband, madam. He wishes to 
speak with you. Mrs. Peck — It can't be poor 
Henry ; he never had no spirit. — Boston 

Teacher — What is it. Tom? Tom — Jimmy's 
swearing! Teacher — What did he say? Tom 

— Well, marm, if you say over all the cuss 
words you know, I'll tell you when you come 
to it. — Kansas City Star. 

Stranger — Been a cyclone or an earthquake 
round here recently ? Officer — Naw — this 
hyer's a college town, an' one of the students 
had a birthday party. — Harper's Weekly. 

"You say you acted like a perfect lady 
throughout ?" "Sure, yer honor ; when he 
tips his hat to me an' me not knowin' him, I 
ups with a rock an' caves in his face." — Hous- 
ton Post. 

"Could you bring yourslf to live in a flat on 
twenty dollars a week?" "I could, Harold," 
answered the pampered yet unspoiled darling. 
"But I do not know just how it would suit my 
French maid." — The Tatler. 

"Now, what shall we name the baby:" in- 
quired the professor's wife. "Why, this spe- 
cies has been named," answered the professor, 
in astonishment. "This is a primate mammal, 
homo sapiens." — Pioneer Press. 

"Hubby, the janitor of these flats is unmar- 
ried." "What of it?" "I really think he is 
becoming interested in our oldest daughter." 
"There you go again with your pipe dreams ! 
Last week it was a duke." — New York Globe. 

Mrs. O'Hoolihan — This payper says there 
do be ser-rmons in sthones. Phwhat d' yez 
think av thot? O'Hoolihan — Oi dunno about 
the ser-rmons, but many a good ar-rgument 
has coom out av a brick. Oi'm thinkin*. — Chi- 
cago News. 

"I tell you," said Sinnick, "men are getting 
so deceitful these days that you can't trust 

your best friends " "And what's worse," 

interrupted Burroughs, gloomily, "you can't 
get your best friends to trust you."' — Phila- 
delphia Press. 

"So," remarked the boyhood friend, "you 
are in the swim." "Mother and the girls think 
I am," answered Mr. Cumrox. "But my per- 
sonal feelings are those of a man who has 
fallen overboard and ought to be hollering for 
help." — Washington Star. 

"Just this way. sir." said the courteous clerk 
in the railroad ticket office. "Let me show 
you some summer guides entitled "Where to 
Go' and 'When to Go.' " The man with the 
modest income shook his head. "They don't 
interest me." he sighed. "What I want to 
know is "How to Go.' " — Chicago Daily . 


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D. N. & E. WALTER & CO. 

Van Ness and Sacramento 

Since 1856 




Toyo Kisen Kaisha 


S. S. Tenyo Mam (via Manila! 

Saturday, July 11. 1908 

S. S. America Marti. .Saturday, August 1, 1908 
S, S. Nippon Maru.. Saturday, August 29, 1908 

Steamers sail from « omgany's piers, Nos. 
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The Argonaut. 

Vol. LXIII. No. 1634. 

San Francisco, July 18, 1908. 

Price Ten Cents 

PUBLISHERS' NOTICE— The Argonaut (title trade-marked) is 
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ALFRED HOLMAN - - - - - - - Editor 


EDITORIAL: Bryanized Democracy — Mr. Bryan — An Issue 
Postponed — Slowly and Surely Seeing the Truth — Two 
Conventions — A Venturesome Word or Two — Old Age 
Pensions — A Social Problem Solved — Editorial Notes. . 33-36 


EXIT THE DIAMOND MAKER: "St. Martin" Discusses 

the Disappearance of Lemoine 37 

OLD FAVORITES: "The Happy Warrior," by William 

Wordsworth 3/ 



A. Hart 38 

INDIVIDUALITIES: Notes About Prominent People All 

Over the World 39 

IN HONOR OF WASHINGTON: Owen Wister Describes 

for L's a National Progenitor of Flesh and Blood 40 

BOOKS AND AUTHORS.. By' Sidney G. P. Coryn 41 

LITERARY NOTES: Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip... 42 


CURRENT VERSE: "When You Are Old," by William 
Ernest Henley: "A Summer Love Song," by E. E. 
Miller"; "The Defeated," by S. H. Kemper: "Sailor's 

Song" 42 

DRAMA: Some Playhouse Problems. By Josephine Hart 

Phelps 43 


STORYETTES: Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Other- 
wise 4j 


PERSONAL: Notes and Gossip — Movements and Where- 
abouts — Army and Navy 46-47 

THE ALLEGED HUMORISTS: Paragraphs Ground Out by 

the Dismal Wits of tbe Day 48 

Bryanized Democracy. 

In the complete triumph of Mr. Bryan at Denver 
we have the consummation of a movement begun 
twelve years ago in the National Democratic Conven- 
tion at Chicago. This movement has been nothing less 
than the overslaughing of democracy by populism. 
The spirit of populism achieved a victory in the 
nomination of Bryan in 1896. Again it achieved a 
victory in his nomination in 1900, accompanied by a 
full indorsement of the radical 1896 platform. In 
1904 the more conservative forces of democracy domi- 
nated the hour, winning over Bryan at the St. Louis 
convention. But it was the last stand of old democ- 
racy; and with the defeat of Parker its last hope of 
party dominance and of popular success crept into its 
grave. Since the overwhelming defeat of Parker, con- 
servative democracy has been a thing without a pros- 
pect or a hope. Today Bryanism, which is only a 
synonym for populism and radicalism, is in com- 
plete command of the situation. Of the old-time 
democracy, the democracy of the day of our grand- 
fathers, the democracy of Cleveland, and — to bring the 
case up to date — the democracy of Judge Garber of 
California, of Asahel Bush of Oregon, of Presi- 
dent Eliot of Massachusetts, there is nothing left but 
the memory. He who today calls himself a Democrat 

must confess himself a supporter of the whole scheme 
of extreme policies once named populism, later char- 
acterized as Bryanism, and now fairly entitled, since 
final triumph yields possession, to the name if not the 
fame of democracy. 

The Democratic party of today is not the Democratic 
party of another time. It is another thing, founded in 
different conceptions, prompted by other motives, aim- 
ing at other ends. It is in truth nothing better than 
populism in the stolen garments of historic democracy. 
And since the Democratic party of today is no longer 
the Democratic party of tradition and of conservative 
principle, it affords no place or standing room for 
Democrats of the old fashion. Your conservative 
Democrat like those we have named must either accept 
populism, Bryanism, radicalism, or he must seek new 
political affiliations. He has no choice — he must 
change his principles or change his party. 

Mr. Bryan. 

William Jennings Bryan in the year of grace 1908 
is a different man from the fire-eyed young disputant 
who twelve years ago shook the cobwebs out of the 
rafters of a convention hall at Chicago by a glittering 
if not brilliant speech. Mr. Bryan was then thirty-six 
years of age ; today he is forty-eight. Then he was an 
impecunious country politician of second-rate standing 
at home and no standing at all abroad. His vision 
was limited practically by local interests and preju- 
dices, for a single term in Congress, where he had no 
distinction and therefore no opportunity, had not served 
to lift him mentally or otherwise out of his purely 
local character. He was the rawest possible sort of a 
Western spellbinder — the sort of man who in long- 
tailed coat, tan shoes, velveteen waistcoat, and white 
string tie, with love-locks brushed back, goes from 
county to county speechifying "under the auspices of 
the State committee." Of the gift of gab he had enough 
and too much; of assurance he had all that his 
questionable trade required; of real economic, political, 
or social knowledge he had none. He was merely a 
professional speech-maker with such smatter of unco- 
ordinated information as enabled him to tickle a country 
attdience by pandering to whatever whim or preju- 
dice might rule the hour. He was honest in the sense 
that he was not dishonest; he was not honest in the 
sense of having that cold-blooded integrity which does 
not venture to be positive about any question without 
having probed it to its bottom. 

The Bryan of today, when compared with the Bryan 
of twelve years ago, is a larger and finer figure. He 
has lived in the broad world under conditions excep- 
tionally calculated to widen his horizon. He has sus- 
tained extraordinary responsibilities of leadership, and 
this has tended to sober him and somewhat to steady 
his judgment. The mind of the man, like his clothes, 
has become conventionalized to a degree. Let it be 
said to his credit that prosperity with his extraordi- 
nary distinctions has not spoiled him. On the per- 
sonal side he is as high-minded as in his earlier days, 
cherishing the same admirable standards of domestic 
and social decency, the same habits of clean living and 
of straightforward dealing with the world. 

None the less, the temper of the man is precisely 
what it has always been. There is about him the 
atmosphere of sounding brass and tinkling cymbal. 
It was as a speech-maker that he came to the notice 
of the world; today he is nothing better than a 
speech-maker, more polished, better equipped, more 
adroit, but none the less a speech-maker. For all his 
pretensions as an economic authority, he is neither a 
scholar nor a thinker. He lacks the capacity for steady- 
going processes of mind; he lacks the kind of mental 
integrity which holds opinion in strict subordination to 
fact and reason. He has, indeed, a species of courage ; 
he has the kind of moral earnestness to lead a forlorn 
hope, as, for example, at the St. Louis convention four 
years ago; but with it all he has not that severe spirit 
of self-criticism which makes him dead sure to be right 

before he goes ahead. While he has it in him to die for 
a cause, he is just as likely to die for a false cause as 
for a sound one. He has the melodramatic tempera- 
ment; he is essentially a man of emotional rather than 
of mental processes. 

There is much in the character and career of Mr. 
Bran to challenge admiration if not approval. His is 
a truly gallant nature and the figure he has made in 
the world is one to charm the imagination, even though 
it may not inspire confidence. His poise, his courtesy, 
his uncalculating courage — these are winning qualities, 
and they have won for Mr. Bryan a world-wide good 
will. There are none to deny his charm and his real 
powers as a champion, although he is far more likely to 
win approval for himself than to command acceptance 
for his cause. But there are few even in his own party 
who feel that he has any real capacity for sober, steady, 
and 6evere responsibility. 

Mr. Bryan's position before the country has so long 
been that of a critic or a champion, he has so long been 
a man of words rather than of deeds, that it is not easy 
to conceive him as one in responsible authority. His 
name has long been associated with the presidency and 
yet it is not easy to think of him as President. And 
even among those who have a real admiration and 
affection for him there are many who would regret 
to see him in office. "He lacks," remarked a personal 
friend of Mr. Bryan the other day to the editor of the 
Argonaut, "the qualities of insight and judgment 
essential to success in the presidency." This, the per- 
sonal estimate of one who knows him well, is in precise 
line with the instinct of the people of the United States. 
As the inspiring leader of a party out of authority and 
in opposition, Mr. Bryan is in his precise element, and 
that is why he has been so long successful as the fore- 
most figure of the Democratic party in the United 
States. The qualities which have carried him so bril- 
liantly through the past dozen years are by no means 
those essential to administrative responsibility. 

The election of Mr. Bryan is not likely. The situa- 
tion is not more favorable than in 1S96. when he had 
but 176 votes to 271 for McKinley. Nor is it more 
favorable than in 1900, when he had 155 electoral votes 
against 292 for McKinley. If there be any State which 
he failed to carry before that he is likely to carry now 
— leaving the new and relatively unimportant State of 
Oklahoma out of the question — we fail to see where it 
is. As before, Mr. Bryan is pretty sure to be beaten, 
and so far as his own historical repute is concerned, it 
will be just as well for him. Even if he should be 
elected, it is difficult to see any chance for promoting 
his favorite ideas. In the presidency his hands would 
be tied, since the Senate is overwhelmingly Republican 
and in the nature of things must remain Republican 
during the coming four years. Whatever measures or 
ideas may be presented by the President, whoever he 
mav be, during the next four years, must either fail 
in the homing or else square themselves with the judg- 
ment and the sentiments of a Republican Senate. 

An Issue Postponed. 

As did the Republicans at Chicago, so did the Demo- 
crats at Denver — they balked when it came to the 
demands of Mr. Gompers for a definite and compre- 
hensive scheme of special privilege for organized labor. 
At the same time the Democrats went further than the 
Republicans, pledging to organized labor a definite 
remodeling of the law of injunction in the line of nulli- 
fying its immediate and therefore its most important 
powers. While the Denver declaration is sufficient to 
indicate the tendencies of the Democratic party, it 
hardly goes far enough to emphasize the issue and 
therefore to put it to the front in this campaign, as at 
one time seemed probable. In effect the course of the 
two conventions, suggestive though it be as to the 
future, postpones the issue. Organized labor in its 
extreme demands has been neither approved nor denied; 
it has been told to wait. 

On the whole we are sorry for this postponement. 

he question must be met first or last, for organized 
labor under arbitrary leadership has got its mind made 
up to it. Again the demand will be made and the 
parties will have to show their hands with respect to it. 
As usual when radical proposals press upon the 
country, this issue will find its support in the Demo- 
cratic party; and as usual (and inevitable) the Repub- 
lican party will have the task of defending the country 
against improper and ruinous proposals. We should 
have been glad to have the fight come on this year. 
Where things are inevitable there is only worry and 
demoralization in delay. Pushed to one side in 1908, 
the demands of organized labor will only be urged with 
the greater vehemence and confidence in 1912. It will 
surely come and we may just as well prepare for it. 

Organized labor aims at nothing else than political 
control of the country. It seeks to have the determina- 
tions of its "councils" and "amalgamations" made the 
law of the land. It seeks to have the laws as they 
exist nullified in so far as they interfere with any pur- 
poses within the scheme of organized labor. Since it 
is impossible and perhaps undesirable even from the 
labor union standpoint to abrogate the laws against 
murder, arson, and conspiracy, it is proposed to have 
them nullified in so far as organized labor may be 
concerned, to the end that strikes and labor disturb- 
ances may be enforced by whatever means may seem 
good to the strikers and disturbers. In the words of 
Mr. Gompers, organized labor wants leave, undis- 
turbed by criminal or police regulations, to exercise its 
•'normal activities." In other words, the demand is 
for license to maim, to murder, to destroy, whenever it 
may suit the mood of organized labor. 

It hardly needs to be said that to grant the demands 
of organized labor as defined by this insolent foreign 
agitator would in effect be to abandon the foundation 
principles of the republic. It would be to surrender 
practically the government of the country into the 
hands of a private and sinister association of citizens 
which persistently declines by formal incorporation to 
make itself responsible under the law. It would mean 
to suspend all ordinary legal processes where the inter- 
ests of organized labor are concerned. It would turn 
over not merely the governing powers of the country 
to organized labor with leave to pluck property to its 
ruin, but it would deliver unorgainzed labor (declared 
by General Harrison Gray Otis to be more than nine- 
tenths of all the labor in the country) bound hand and 
foot to be punished for its temerity and "disloyalty." 

It is hardly necessary to say where the Republican 
party must stand when this demand comes to be com- 
prehended in its full significance and in its full 
enormity. Even today, with the issue masked by a 
hundred artful disguises, a programmed convention has 
declined to obey the command of a President who had 
weakly vielded. Even a Democratic convention, like- 
wise programmed and bossed, declined to go to the 
lengths demanded by Gompers and urged by Bryan. 
The issue lies so deep, it is so blended with sentiment, 
interest, tradition, and fixed respect for justice and the 
integrity of law, that subserviency itself came to a halt 
and would go no further. But let nobody be deceived : 
the serpent is only scotched, not destroyed. It will 
come again — as slavery came again and again and as 
the cheap money delusion came again and again. And, 
men and brethren, the Republican party will have to 
fight it out precisely as it has fought out every other 
assault upon the integrity of free institutions since it 
came into existence half a. century ago. 

a good deal of boss politics in this country, a good deal 
of trading and bargaining with official patronage as a 
means of political influence, but nothing quite so 
thoroughgoing as the work of Mr. Roosevelt. He 
chose the officers of the convention; he dictated the 
platform excepting in respect to the labor clause, where 
even a programmed convention would not follow him ; 
he selected the nominees. So complete was his man- 
agement of the convention even in details that it 
has been found necessary in common decency to 
explain that while he did "read over" the advance 
transcript of the platform, he modestly did not read 
those eloquent paragraphs bearing testimony to the 
virtuosity of his own character and career. 

With a different setting and under other circum- 
stances, this record was duplicated at Denver. It was 
Mr. Bryan's convention as positively and completely as 
if he had owned it body and breeches. Even our own 
Theodore Bell, a young man whose political virtue 
is so great that ordinarily he can accept no advice 
from any source, had to make the long journey to 
Lincoln. Nebraska, for instruction as to what he should 
say and how to say it in assuming the tempo- 
rary chairmanship. Like the Republican convention at 
Chicago, the Democratic convention at Denver was a 
programmed affair, bossed in even- detail. It had no 
freedom, no power of initiative; it was selected to 
receive and to register the will of William J. Bryan, 
and it did its work as it was expected to do it 

It will be interesting to see how long an institution 
which has forgotten its original purposes, and which 
unless there shall be a revival of older practice must 
soon cease to have any real dignity or justification, will 
survive. L'nder present conditions and in present 
forms, we think not long. Americans are a practical 
people and they will not permanently or for any 
extended period fondle a rag baby. Either the party 
convention must regain something of its old powers, it 
must be a thing of real authority and practical account, 
or it will be cast aside as a thing outworn and useless, 
to be superseded by something in sounder accord with 
the requirements of political action. 

Two Conventions. 

The events of the year do not tend to respect for the 
convention system as we have it in American politics. 
In theory the party convention is an assemblage of 
delegates for the purpose of comparing principles and 
formulating policies and of promoting their enforce- 
ment through cooperative action. For a long period 
this theory has worked out fairly well in practice. But 
we seem now to have attained a stage in political devel- 
opment under which the theory of the party convention 
is measurably if not completely nullified. 

For example, take the recent conventions at Chicago 
and Denver, representing the two great bodies of 
organized political opinion in the United States. How, 
let us ask, did the proceedings of these conventions 
match the theories or accord with the purposes involved 
in them? Both conventions were all but completely 
inated — perhaps bossed is a better word. For 
months previous to the meeting at Chicago Presi- 
dent Roosevelt employed not only his personal prestige, 
but the powers of the presidential office to work up a 
conve ition amenable to his authority. We have had 

Old Age Pensions. 

Socialism, opportunism, and feminism have at last 
pushed the old age pension scheme in England to the 
point of practical consideration by Parliament. Defi- 
nite proposals have been put forward by the govern- 
ment, and although the bill will of course be amended 
and modified in committee, the plan in its substantial 
features will become law. 

It has at least the virtue of simplicity. Any one 
over the age of seventy years and whose income is 
less than ten shillings a week may present himself, or 
herself, at the nearest postoffice, show the necessary 
certificate, and draw the weekly sum of five shillings. 
The documents will be furnished by local committees, 
who will interrogate each applicant and verify each 
claim. When the certificate has once been issued it 
will remain in force for life unless, or until, it is for- 
feited by misconduct. As the squire and the parson 
will certainly figure largely on the local committees, 
we ma}' assume that poaching and failure to attend the 
Episcopal Church will now be followed by new penal- 
ties, direct or indirect, that are not exactly contem- 
plated by the law. The squire and the parson in unholy 
combination and with their infinite capacity for petty 
tyranny are still the masters of Merry England. 

From the point of view of the political opportunist 
the old age pension project is a matter of sheer neces- 
sity and to be defended upon no other ground. That 
it must discourage thrift, habituate the community to 
pauperism, and produce a vast amount of trickery and 
perjury is too obvious to be denied. That it will prove 
an irresistible temptation to competing political parties 
to buy the votes of its beneficiaries by promising an 
increase of the weekly pension is clearly foreseen and 
boldly admitted. Indeed, the initial proposal is itself 
in the nature of a bribe and to be classed with the 
surrender to the shrieks of the suffragettes. But the 
government is between the devil and the deep sea. 
Confronted with an overwhelming tide of pauperism, 
it must either grapple with the causes of that pauperism 
by waging war upon special fiscal privilege or it must 
drug and narcotize it by gifts and doles. Special privi- 
lege is the warp and the woof of the English system, 
and although there are many members of the present 
government who know the iniquity for what it is and 
who would like to equalize the burdens of the people 
and so to make an independent old age a possibility to 
the poor, it is the people themselves who shrink from 
interference with the traditions of taxation sanctified 

by a hundred generations. Old age pauperism — and I 
youthful pauperism too, for that matter — is the direct 
result of a system that compels the whole nation to pay 
tribute to a narrow and exclusive caste, but the gov- 
ernment that proposed to do justice from the roots 
upward would be displaced just as quickly as the voters 
could register their wishes. In England a governing 
caste keeps its place by the will of the people and will 
continue to do so as long as the people love to have it so. 

The aged indigent must therefore have their pension, 
not because a pension is due them, but because a pen- 
sion is better than a dangerous discontent that might 
possibly make a real reform inevitable. The plea that 
a man is entitled to a pension merely because he is old, 
that he can thus accept a public dole without loss of 
self-respect or dignity simply from his physical inca- 
pacity to make a return, is not even plausible, but it is 
now being urged in England with unctuous vigor. 
That a great many of the aged poor who will be bene- 
fited by this measure are individually blameless may be 
true, and no one would wish to add the stigma of public 
alms to unavoidable dependence. But when we are 
invited to regard such wholesale dependence as the fitting 
and proper lot of old age. when we are asked to accept 
it as belonging to the rightful order of things and to the 
legitimate machinery of government, then indeed we 
marvel at the statecraft that originates such an idea. 
The social system that makes it hopelessly impossible 
for the ' honest and industrious farm laborer, for ex- 
ample, to make any provision whatever for old age. 
stands condemned as a reproach to civilization, as one 
of the marks of the failure of civilization, and to 
attempt to meet such a condition by government pit- 
tances of five shillings a week is precisely on a par 
with the medical science that devoted itself exclusively 
to the external symptoms of the disease to the neglect 
of its real nature, its origin, and its cause. 

That an old age pension scheme has worked well in 
Germany for these many years is true, but in Germany 
the system is in the nature of an endowment insurance 
and it is worked on a strict actuarial basis. A regular 
premium is paid during the working years of the bene- 
ficiary. He himself pays a third of this premium from 
his weekly wage, the employer pays a third, and the 
government pays a third. This is a very different 
thing from the proposed system in England under 
which the workman will pay nothing, and will more- 
over be dissuaded from such thrift as he may be 
inclined to practice by the knowledge that a benevo- 
lent and vote-catching government will look after him 
and that five shillings a week is waiting for him "at 
the nearest postoffice." 

A Venturesome Word or Two. 

It might be going too far to declare that American 
politics is strictly a man's game. There have been 
women in considerable numbers with propensity and 
talent for politics, and feminine opinion and influence 
have always been things more or less to be reckoned 
with. But we have never had in this country anything 
in our politics approaching the part taken in politics by 
English women. The fact has been creditable alike to 
our politics and to our women ; and there are some 
of us so old-fashioned in our ways of thinking, and in 
our respect for womankind, as to wish to see the old 
rule strictly maintained. 

But we see indications suggestive of another inten- 
tion and probably of another practice. For example, 
the wife of Mr. Taft has already given forth an 
"interview" in which she has declared her opinions 
with respect to a lot of things material and immaterial 
as related to the campaign. Evidently Mr. Taft has a 
wife who is not willing to sit in the shadow of her 
husband's greatness, but who proposes to ply an active 
oar when opportunity serves. In times past we have 
had exhibitions of much the same spirit on the part of 
Mr. Bryan's wife. This estimable lady has that fine 
aggressiveness born of the Western educational system 
in which her relationship to Mr. Bryan had its begin- 
ning. She was a "co-ed" when he met and loved her, 
and something of the spirit of the co-ed has endured in 
her social and domestic attitude. She plays on the 
typewriter at her husband's dictation and is pre- 
sumed to have something moreThan a mechanical part 
in those public utterances which go forth from Fair- 
view in written form. She has carried the spirit of 
Western collegianism somewhat aggressively not only 
into the Bryan domestic circle, but into the broader 
sphere opened up by Mr. Bryan's public activities. 

We have another distinctly over-aggressive feminine 
figure in the wife of Congressman Nicholas Longworth, 
whose petulance under observation is only equalled 

July 18, 1908. 


by her persistence in getting into positions where she 
may be seen. It could be wished that this young 
woman's propensities for the limelight were less pro- 
nounced, and that the example of public and social 
manners which she presents were more in conformity 
with fixed convention and with the standards cher- 
ished by people of old-fashioned ideas. 

Looking over the field of what we may style political 
femininity, it is a constant gratification to observe the 
discretion and taste exhibited at all times and under all 
conditions by the wife of the President, Mrs. Roose- 
velt. Whatever criticism of White House manners 
may be justified, there is nothing to be said that is not 
to the credit of the Lady of the White House. Mrs. 
Roosevelt is never on exhibition ; she has no public 
poses; she never by any chance intrudes upon any 
situation. She brought to the White House an atmos- 
phere of breeding, a certain knowledge of the world 
in its better phases, which that historical mansion 
has not always been accustomed to. And she has 
manifested the fine quality of her mind and character 
not by any kind of demonstration, but rather by its 
absence. Mrs. Roosevelt is not in evidence photo- 
graphically or otherwise; she is never in the news- 
papers. And yet there is an unmistakable sense of her 
restraining and refining influence in all the purely social 
conditions connected with the domestic and social side 
of administrative life. 

The Argonaut would be very glad if Mrs. Taft and 
Mrs. Bryan, likewise the President's daughter and the 
several types of widowhood of Mr. Bryan's connection, 
would imitate the fine example set by Mrs. Roosevelt. 
The wives and daughters of our public men never 
appear in a light so admirable as when, like Mrs. Roose- 
velt, they leave politics and all that goes with it to the 
menfolks of their connection. 

Slowly but Surely Seeing the Truth. 
It has not been easy for persons and newspapers 
at a distance to comprehend the true meaning of events 
in San Francisco during the past two years, particu- 
larly in connection with the so-called graft prosecution. 
What has been going on here has been so industriously 
represented as a "moral movement," so exploited in 
those phases calculated to command approval by their 
very names, so artfully dramatized and staged in ten 
thousand ways, as to suggest and even enforce false and 
misleading interpretations. There has been a situa- 
tion in which one who, like the Argonaut, having no 
private interest at stake and wishing in good conscience 
to serve only the cause of truth, justice, and common 
sense, has found it extremely difficult to be faithful to 
his own standards and character without flying in the 
face of misconception and distrust. But with progress 
of time, the inside truth of our situation is beginning 
to dawn upon a multitude of minds from which hitherto 
it has been shut out. Many are coming to see that 
behind the masks of moral pretense, nobility of pur- 
pose, heroic self-sacrifice, guilelessness, and moral 
enthusiasm there lie a multitude of gross, vulgar, and 
fraudulent purposes. If even yet the bed-rock motive 
in the whole wretched business has not been uncovered 
to the popular view, it is coming to be understood that 
such a motive exists and that it has been sought to be 
worked out even though in a bungling way. President 
Roosevelt's amazingly ill-informed, foolish, and imper- 
tinent letter to Rudolph Spreckels, which was "secured" 
as a means of bolstering up a discredited and failing 
cause, has met away from home something of the 
amused contempt which greeted its publication here. 
For example, the following comment appears in the 
New York Times under the heading, '"The Tie That 

President Roosevelt's letter to Rudolph Spreckels, exhorting 
him to keep up the fight and flinch not. will be read in San 
Francisco with much irreverent mirth. And when laughter 
has exhausted itself over Mr. Roosevelt's credulous acceptance 
of the Spreckels fight as a disinterested crusade against men of 
sin and corruption, it will break out afresh over his words of 
brotherly welcome to Mr. Spreckels as a fellow-soldier in the 
war of righteousness and his identification of the San Fran- 
cisco fight as an integral part of the great battle in which he 
himself is engaged against wrongdoing. 

The San Francisco situation is rather more complex than 
the President supposes. It has been publicly charged, and the 
charge has never been satisfactorily answered, that the war 
upon the Ring and upon the traction chiefs was not quite so 
pure and lofty in motive as the leaders in the fight ask the 
public to believe. They belabored the Ring mightily, and that 
was a public service, but it has been prettly broadly intimated, 
plainly asserted, indeed, that there were private interests of 
some magnitude to be served, and this exposure of a worldly 
motive has inclined San Francisco to listen with grins to the 
high professions of the Ring smashers. 

None of these doubts troubles the President. You and I, 
he says to Mr. Spreckels, are engaged in a noble work, and it 

is of small consequence "whether men think well or ill of us 
personally." "In their essence, down at the foundation of 
things, the ties that are all-important are those that knit hon- 
est men, brave men, square-dealing men, together." Before 
tying himself up so unreservedly to Mr. Spreckels Mr. Roose- 
velt would have done well to examine with closer scrutiny the 
gentleman at the other end of the tie. Still, there is much in 
common, there is much of likeness, there are points of striking 
resemblance. There has been a prodigious amount of noise in 
both cases, quite out of proportion to the result achieved. 
The men of the Ring have not been punished as wickedness 
deserves in San Francisco, and the President's crusade has put 
no malefactor in jail. 

In both cases there has been a great deal of fooling of the 
people. The South and the West quite lost their heads over 
Mr. Roosevelt, just as, in the beginning, San Francisco did the 
same thing over Mr. Spreckels. The inconvenient aspersions 
upon Mr. Spreckels's motive will probably not visibly diminish 
the enthusiasm of those who still believe in him. So, too, 
admirers of Mr. Roosevelt, who have observed without any 
moral disturbance how he made the Chicago convention the 
personal instrument of his iron will, interfering and dictating 
at every turn, forcing upon it his candidate and his platform. 
are simply annoyed when they are reminded that Mr. Roosevelt 
is the man who used to protest that "the people are quite 
capable of managing their own affairs without interference and 
dictation" from their administrative servants. 

To those who remind him of his former views and point out 
how little his present acts accord with them, Mr. Roosevelt 
replies with a certificate of election to the Ananias Club, or 
with allusions to the detestable malice of persons of indecent 
wealth. He exhorts Mr. Spreckels to do the same thing. The 
square -dealing men must stand together, he says, and treat 
detractors as the common enemy. The fun of the situation is 
missed only by those who accept with unquestioning approval 
everything done in the name of square dealing. 

In the same spirit of doubt and questioning the New 
York Evening Post deals with this same letter : 

President Roosevelt's injunction to Rudolph Spreckels not 
to falter in his effort to purify San Francisco politics will, no 
doubt, hearten the reformers who have been so sadly disap- 
pointed in their efforts to place behind the bars Schmitz. Ruef, 
and other criminals, large and small. The way the boss and 
his base creatures have slipped through the meshes of the law 
is enough to discourage anybody. 

The President is particular, too, to say that the "slander and 
wicked falsehood" with which Mr. Spreckels and his asso- 
ciates have had to contend are merely the lot of all reformers. 
He himself has suffered ; hence it is with genuine personal 
sympathy that he calls on Mr. Spreckels "to do the work with- 
out flinching, and without losing our good humor and common 
sense, without becoming angered or losing our heads." The 
President himself never having berated anybody or lost his 
temper, or be-adjectived any reactionary, the advice is partic- 
ularly valuable. 

It is only fair to say, however, that many of the men and the 
newspapers that have criticised Mr. Spreckels and his asso- 
ciates have done so from the best of motives, and not because 
of a desire to retard justice or shield the wrongdoers. Unless 
our observation has misled us, there is a growing feeling in the 
West that some of the methods of Messrs. Spreckels and Heney 
were as high-handed as any of those of the grafters they have 
run to cover. In San Francisco, many are laughing at the 
credulous Roosevelt. 

It would be interesting to know what Schmitz would say to 
this latest letter of the man who entertained him in the White 
House when he was already under indictment. 

The Philadelphia Ledger in somewhat milder spirit, 
as becomes the atmosphere of the community of broth- 
erly love, deals with the President's letter as follows : 

Friends of President Roosevelt will hesitate to commend the 
impetuosity that inspired a letter of fraternal commendation 
and cheer to Rudolph Spreckels of San Francisco. The letter 
serves to call attention to an awkward state of facts. It will 
hardly have the effect of quickening the ardor or upholding the 
hands of the Spreckels personally conducted prosecution, for 
this has been doing its utmost, albeit the utmost has been 
little. The single good result has been the retirement from 
office of a thieving administration. Such retirement was inev- 
itable after the first exposure. 

At one time the people of San Francisco were fired with 
zeal not only to turn the rascals out of office, but to turn them 
into jail. Spreckels became the head and front of the move- 
ment. As he furnished the money, he directed its expenditure. 
The animus soon became plain. The prosecution was aimed 
not toward the vulgar scoundrels whose guilt was open, but 
against the victims whom these had bled. The status of all 
enterprise had been fixed. The man with the legitimate enter- 
prise in which he was ready to invest money had to purchase 
the most ordinary rights or find himself crippled. That he 
yielded to the situation ; that he did not have the hardihood 
to stand out against the demands was an error, a manifest 
weakness, and a crime. Yet, for the sake of putting this man 
in stripes, the prosecution was ready to promise immunity 
to any malefactor cowardly enough to betray his accomplices. 
It even promised immunity to Ruef, arch rogue of the whole 
decadent business, and neglected to keep the promise. 

Ruef and Schmitz were convicted, and the higher courts had 
prepared a favorable response to their appeal before the appeal 
had been made. Meanwhile the people, observing that the 
whole strength of the prosecution was being used against men 
whose standing, socially and commercially, bad been at least 
as high as that of Spreckels ; observing also that these men 
had been successful rivals of Spreckels, and that the pursuit of 
them was marked by more venom than properly belonged to 
mere instruments of the law. lost confidence, and then lost 
patience. They grew to regard the whole performance as per- 
secution. If they did not do this they at least lost faith in the 
courts, and viewed the continued struggle as a waste of energy 

and money. They wanted the thing to end. That is their feel- 
ing today. Their admiration for Spreckels vanished first, and 
then their belief in him. 

Thus has arrived the time when there is no reason to think 
any of the grafters will be punished. Even were they to be 
convicted, there is, with or without basis, a theory that the 
courts would let them go. The President may easily counsel 
Mr. Spreckels not to heed detractors, but reformers, heralding 
their high and holy purpose in a community made up of 
detractors, are under serious disadvantage. 

There does not appear to the observer from without any ade- 
quate explanation»pf the stupidity and ineptitude that have 
made possible the present muddle. The crimes were known. 
The criminals could be called by name. The prosecution, with 
everything in its favor, failed lamentably. It refused to grasp 
the small fry of corruption, and had not the ability to reach 
the class of offenders upon whom it had set its ambitions. 
Still. Mr. Spreckels may find comfort in the presidential mis- 
sive. And if there is anything he particularly needs it is 

A Social Problem Solved. 

Now at last is the axe laid to the root of the tree of, 
marital unrest. A bill introduced in the assembly of 
Georgia strikes a mighty blow at the underlying cause 
of divorce. This heretofore insoluble social problem 
undermining the safety of our country is about to be 
settled by the Georgia legislature and the whole super- 
structure of statutory cause sent toppling from its 

A Daniel from Georgia has come to judgment with 
the discovery" that back of the drink habit, directly 
responsible for desertion, more insidious than incom- 
patibility of temper, incentive to suicide, lies the art of 
"'make-up." That men have taken to drink after mar- 
riage we all know, have even committed suicide or 
deserted their wives before the honeymoon is over. 
we are bound to admit, and for the want of a deeper 
insight into their domestic tragedies these are the 
men who are branded "brute"' by their wives' relatives. 
The most optimistic of us can not but bear witness to 
the fact that as many apparently auspicious marriages 
turn out as disastrously as the mad-cap matches. The 
columns of our press give daily proof of the failure of 
marriages contracted under the most promising circum- 
stances, and the court calendar proves the further fact 
that high and low, rich and poor, wise and otherwise, 
are ground through the divorce mill in about equal pro- 
portions, showing there is no protection through 
enlightenment or the possession of money to insure 
against the grind of drudgery. 

Right here the Georgian mind, instead of the usual 
shrug and "You never can tell," has set to work to 
probe the heart of the marital-unrest evil, and the 
result is a bill introduced into the legislature. In plain 
terms this bill, while recognizing the value of artifice 
as a bait to the unwary man — the sticky-sweetness of 
the tanglefoot — provides for the drawing of the line of 
illusion at the psychological moment when attention 
becomes intention. There must, it is argued, with that 
logical faculty that induces the framing of the bill, be 
a sub-cause underlying the direct cause for the revul- 
sion of feeling that induces drink, suicide, and deser- 
tion during what ought to be the halcyon days of the 
honeymoon; and the mighty blow dealt at the root of 
the matter discloses the rottenness of deception. 
Therefore whatever artificial aids a woman may employ 
to add to her seductive charm before marriage she shall 
cease to use on the hither side of the altar rail. The 
measure provides furthermore that if a woman should 
snare a man with the aid of "cosmetics, artificial teeth, 
puffs, rats, paddings, drop-stitch hose, peek-a-boo waists, 
corsets, V-shaped lingerie, or other artifice, the mar- 
riage shall be null and void." This bill, we are glad to 
learn, has been referred by the speaker of the house to 
the committee on ways and means and is assured a care- 
ful consideration. 

And while this sacred subject rests in the hands of 
the committee on ways and means, and while we are 
waiting with bated breath for the result, we may lessen 
the tension of suspense by trying to grasp some- 
thing of what the outcome may be if this bill becomes 
a law. Obtaining anything under false pretenses, 
whether a husband or a railroad, we admit to be rep- 
rehensible. "Cosmetics, paddings, puffs, V-shaped lin- 
gerie," and other kindred artifices, we agree with the 
gentleman from Georgia, are a delusion and a snare. 
"Little dabs of powder, little daubs of paint," we are 
prepared to admit, "make a girl's complexion look like 
what it aint," and in defense of the guileless man, 
along with dumb animals and birds of plumage, there 
must be a protecting law. We have laws providing for 
pure foods, original packages, et cetera, making 
sincerity in trade, of vastly less importance n<->: 
the individual, but the human race, than a !' 



July 18, 1908. 

viding for an anti-artificial brand of beauty. But in 
the hands of the Georgia legislature we feel safe, for 
the bill not only inveighs against all known artificial 
aids to beauty, "paddings, rats, cosmetics, V-shaped 
lingerie." et cetera, but draws a hard and fast line in 
defense of the unwary by adding "all other devices," 
thus covering the whole realm of mutton tallow to 
soften the hands, milk-weed juice to take off tan, early 
morning dew to freshen the complexion, and every 
other device, innocent or nefarious, that shall hereafter 
be invented for the undoing of unsuspecting man. 

It mav have been this same gentleman from Georgia, 
since internal evidence points to his probable author- 
ship, who lifted up his heart and sang: 

""He loved her for her lovely hair, 
So beautiful and rich, 

But when he found that, unaware, 

She had mislaid it or. a chair, 

His train of thought v»as, then and there, 
Wrecked by a misplaced switch." 

• And it is further possible that the introduction of 
this bill is the outgrowth of his own bitter experience. 
But while we welcome progress in every department 
of our national life and join in hearty sympathy with 
our brother from Georgia, we distrust the successful 
operation of this law — if law it is to become — until the 
marriage ceremony has been revised. That a man 
who thinks he has married a blooming lass of twenty 
and finds his dear Product of the Paint Pot thirty at the 
least, truly has cause for suicide, drink, or desertion, we 
admit. But until the words "for better, for worse." be 
stricken from the marriage ceremony, "cosmetics, false 
teeth, puffs, rats, paddings, drop-stitch hose, peek-a-boo 
waists, corsets. Y-shaped lingerie, and other artifices" 
seem to stand on impregnable ground. 

Editorial Notes. 

It is announced that the Equitable Life Assurance 
Association of New York is to put up a building in that 
city sixty-two stories in height and overtopping even- 
other structure now in existence or likely to be built. 
This is to be done not because it will be a profitable 
investment, but as an advertisement, to the end that the 
Equitable Company may be kept in the public mind. It 
is to be recalled that only three or four years ago the 
Equitable Company was the subject of a national scan- 
dal, a scandal so serious that the late ex-President Cleve- 
land felt impelled to withdraw from his retirement and 
lend his name to an effort to restore confidence. Con- 
fidence above all things is what the Equitable and all 
other associations of its kind most seriously needs. Will 
a sixty-two-story building, put up in disregard of busi- 
ness considerations as a mere advertisement, contribute 
to public confidence in behalf of the Equitable Associa- 
tion? We think not. We think the effect will be rather 
to create an impression unfavorable to the conservatism 
and stability of the Equitable management. A freak 
building will be to many investors, policy holders, and 
men of plain common sense an indication that folly 
rather than wisdom is at the helm of the Equitable. 

The Democratic convention at Denver completed its 
ticket by naming as its candidate for Vice-President out 
Kerns of Indiana, a man less known but otherwise about 
on a par with the Republican nominee. Governor John 
son of Minnesota or Judge Gray of Delaware ought to 
have been nominated, but the first named flatly refused 
and the last was not sufficiently urged. Kerns was 
Bryan's choice. Like the leading lady in a popular 
drama, he didn't want anybody else on the stage likely 
to detract from that concentration of interest upon him- 
self which he so dearly loves. Mr. Kerns is described 
as a respectable man, half politician, half lawyer, whose 
chief distinction is a close association with Tom Tag- 
gart, the Democratic boss of Indiana. The main per- 
sonal fact about Mr. Kerns thus far developed is the 
interesting one that he wears a flowing chin whisker 
and already the caricaturists and paragraphers have 
hit upon this appendage as affording in the situa- 
tion as thus far developed a sadly needed element of 
humor. Mr. Kerns's beard and the size of Mr. Taft's 
waistband give promise of being much worked in .the 
cause of the gaiety of nations during the coming 

Mr. Heney continues to enliven our criminal court 
procedures by a pleasant play of spirit, largely tempera- 
mental, no doubt, but perhaps even more largely devel- 
oped by his career in Arizona, where almost anything 
gees in court or out of it. His latest contribution to 
tl e gaiety of nations is a threat uttered in court to slap 

e face of the opposing counsel when they should get 
< _t of court. Curiously enough, neither this nor any of 

the other of Mr. Heney's fierce threats ever come to 
anything. Being a very busy man, he doubtless forgets 
his engagements to punch, to shoot, and to slap. Come 
to think of it, Mr. Heney is in the habit of promising a 
good deal more than he performs. It is easily recalled 
that not only once but many times he publicly gave his 
pledge to put Abe Ruef in San Ouentin. all the while 
Ruef having in his pocket Mr. Heney's secret immunity 
contract. Possibly these threatenings to shoot and to 
slap are merely intended to entertain the public, all the 
same as the threats against Ruef. It is coming to be 
seen that Mr. Heney is a good deal of a poser and a 

The Sacramento Union, nominally in the spirit of 
enthusiasm for valor and self-sacrifice, actually in the 
desire to promote itself in the public esteem, promises 
each Memorial Day hereafter to bestow a "medal of 
honor" upon the resident of Sacramento or vicinity who. 
during the preceding year, has performed the most 
heroic deed reported in the paper. The trouble about 
"the most heroic deed" in relation to this reward is that 
it will not get into the paper. The truest heroism is not 
that which turns double somersaults in public or which 
exploits itself in the public prints. The Union's medal 
will probably go to somebody who shall have done a 
spectacular stunt, calling for a mere temperamental 
courage. This sort of courage is a vastly different and 
a lesser thing than the kind of courage which operates 
in private and which seeks no medals. 

Judging by the attitude of the Hearst newspapers ten 
days or two weeks ago. there seemed reason to believe 
that Mr. Hearst's Independence League would support 
the regular Democratic ticket in the coming national 
campaign. Later indications are hardly so favorable 
to democracy. The interest, however, is only a minor 
one, since the Hearst influence has become a much less 
serious matter than formerly. Mr. Hearst's several per- 
sonal defeats, combined with his open jugglery in poli- 
tics has not, to say the least, tended to augment his 

political prestige. 



Mr. Hearst's repudiation of Mr. Bryan is a little hard to 
understand except on the ground that it is not in Mr. Hearst's 
nature to ally himself with any one or to any one. That Mr. 
Bryan should have brought this rebuff upon himself is a 
piece of distinctly bad diplomacy. He could have ascertained 
Mr. Hearst's sentiment by some underground channel, and 
this would have been far better than openly asking for his 
support — and not in a very dignified way — and having it 
openly refused. But as a piece of political ingratitude Mr. 
Hearst's contemptuous denunciations almost establish a record. 
When he was fighting for the governorship of New York Mr. 
Bryan went out of his way to bestow his benedictions and 
called down upon himself a public censure for so doing. Now 
that Mr. Hearst has an opportunity to return the compliment 
he has nothing but a jeer and a sneer to offer. 

Mr. Bryan has of course nothing much to fear from a 
Hearstian opposition. It is Mr. Hearst's friendship that is to 
be feared and not his enmity. In the field of politics Mr. 
Hearst never backed a winning horse in his life, and slim as 
Mr. Bryan's chances are, he may congratulate himself that the 
New York editor has not overlooked him with the evil eye 
of his approval. 

Mr. Hearst's supporters were few enough and far enough 
between before the result of the New York recount was made 
known. His prestige must have dwindled still further since 
his wearisome campaign of sound and fury has been shown to 
be baseless. He gained £63 votes only, a truly pitiful showing, 
after his preposterous claim of election, and a showing by no 
means calculated to arouse either enthusiasm for the past or 
confidence for the future. 

The negTO vote is occasioning some apprehensions in Ohio, 
although a good many well-informed Republicans believe that 
the negroes will vote their usual ticket in spite of the dis- 
affection that undoubtedly exists. With the possible exception 
of Indiana, the negro votes in Ohio exercise more influence 
as a political factor than in any other State of the Union. 

The correspondent of the New York Evening Post furnishes 
some figures showing that the balance of power is very truly 
with the colored vote : 

Whether the negroes will use the balance of power in the 
districts where they hold it is a question that is sorely per- 
plexing Republican leaders in this State. It is one of the rea- 
sons that make many of them so anxious to have Foraker 
openly and warmly espouse Mr. Taft's cause on the stump. If 
Foraker stays out of the campaign, the present fear is that 
many of the negroes will take it as a sign that they are to 
vote against the Republican nominee. 

In six congressional districts in Ohio the success of the 
Republican candidate depends largely upon the negro vote. In 
five more districts in the State the negro vote is a potent fac- 
tor for success or failure. This is exclusive of the First Dis- 
trict, represented by Nicholas Longworth, which has a larger 
percentage of black voters than any other district in the State. 
In the Third District, represented bv John E. Harding, there 
are 1946 negro voters. Mr. Harding's plurality at the last elec- 
tion was 1730. In the Seventh, or Springfield, District, repre- 
sented by General J. Warren Keifer. 2923 votes were cast by 
negroes at the last election, and General Keifers majority was 
only 2277. 

The district of Representative Albert Douglass of Chilli- 
cothe, the Eleventh, contains 1758 negro voters, and Mr. Doug- 
lass's majority at the last election was only 320. Representa- 

tive Grant E. Mauser's -district, the Thirteenth, has 419 black 
votes, and gave its Congressman a plurality of 273. Beman G. 
Dawes of Marietta represents the Fifteenth District, which is 
made up of five counties. His plurality at the last election 
was 1419, and 960 colored voters were enlisted for his success. 
There are 796 blacK voters in the Eighteenth District, now rep- 
resented by James Kennedy of Youngstown, whose plurality at 
the last election was 1844. 

It will be readily seen from these figures that in all of the 
districts enumerated the success of the Republican nominee 
depends largely upon the colored vote. 

It rests with Senator Foraker to say the "word in season" 
that will reassure the colored voter, and there need not be 
much doubt that he will say it. 

It is to be hoped that we shall see no domestic discord in 
the ranks of the Socialist party. Here at least there should 
be that ecstatic harmony that will be a foretaste of a Socialist 
future for civilization. But so far the evidences of harmony 
are not encouraging. Already there are two candidates in the 
field, and they are both equipped with the necessary credentials 
in the shape of a prison record. But Mr. Debs incurred the 
penalty of jail for the unimportant offense of contempt of 
court, whereas Mr. De Leon, who looks down upon Mr. Debs 
as an aristocrat, has actually killed his man during a recent 
strike. It is true that Mr. De Leon is under the constitutional 
age and that his present term of imprisonment is for twenty- 
five years, but these are matters of small importance compared 
with the assertion of a great principle. The favor of the 
Socialists naturally goes toward Mr. De Leon, and Mr. Debs's 
humble claims can hardly be said to be in serious competition 
with those of a real man-killer in the cause of human brother- 

Hobson's anti-Japanese speech at Denver was remarkable 
for the single fact that he ventured to quote — or to profess to 
quote — a direct statement by President Roosevelt. Hobson 
has made many speeches of this kind, some of them even more 
inflammatory, but this is the first time that the chief execu- 
tive has been dragged into the fray. Hobson accused the 
Japanese of coveting the Pacific slope and described the San 
Francisco school incident as one of the most humiliating 
experiences of the Anglo-Saxon people. War, he said, was 
only averted because President Roosevelt was noble enough 
"to lie down and eat dirt" when it became necessary to do so 
to avert a disaster. 

The New York Times, describing the incident, goes on to 

But more than this announcement the authoritative revela- 
tion of special information an incident of the morning session 
of the convention lends weight to what Hobson had to say. 
It came toward the close of the speech of Theodore Bell, the 
temporary chairman, who had conferred with William J. Bryan 
on the speech which is to be the keynote of Bryan's campaign. 

"On the bosom of the Pacific will be enacted the mighty 
commercial struggles of the future," said Mr. Bell, "and the 
interests of American commerce will demand that an adequate 
naval strength be maintained in the waters of the Pacific to 
protect our expanding commerce. This magnificent Western 
country of ours has not only proved attractive to our own 
people and the other white nations of the earth, but it has 
also proved alluring to the brown and yellow races of the 

Thus far Mr. Bell was following literally the text of his 
speech as he had prepared it before consultation with Bryan 
at Lincoln. But now he went further, and interjected a sen- 
tence referring to the passage of the Chinese exclusion act, 
declaring that there should be also enacted a law for the 
exclusion of other Asiatics. 

It was a direct reference to the demand of organized labor 
for a Japanese exclusion act, and it was met immediately by 
cheers from the crowd. 

That, of course, is exactly what it was. It was not only a 
direct reference to the demand of organized labor, but a direct 
bid for it. That President Roosevelt sometimes says things 
of amazing and impulsive indiscretion to even casual visitors 
is one of the commonplaces of the White House, but that he 
should give to such a frivolous chatterbox as Hobson the 
chance to repeat a confidence is almost past credence. 

The Democrats are early in the field with tneir campaign 
literature. The first tract of some 386 pages has been issued. 
It is bound in green cloth, typical no doubt of the state of 
mind of those who expect a Democratic success. The tract 
includes Mr. Bryan's speech "Thou Shalt Not Steal." Judge 
Parker's vindication from the New York Sun, a section spe- 
cially devoted to labor, and another one full of convincing 
reasons why the Federal judges should be restrained. Then 
there is a chapter on the election of United States senators, 
seventy-eight pages devoted to the tariff and the trusts, and a 
bulky section on financial conditions. Commenting on this 
publication, the New York Evening Post says: 

To appeal to the discontented was ever Mr. Bryan's best 
play, and the Commoner, in its every issue, shows a grave and 
fitting concern for the empty dinner-pail. Republican extrava- 
gance, too, is to be one of the important points to be assaulted. 
It is the very first subject touched upon in the book, which is 
not without some skill in arrangement. But if there were a 
dozen such volumes, in all the colors of the rainbow, it would 
still be plain that this campaign is once more to turn largely 
upon personalities rather than principles. 

It is noteworthy that Mr. Bryan's newspaper, the Com- 
moner, is already arranging for its post-mortem condition in 
case its demise should be necessitated by Mr. Bryan's election. 
It has been arranged that in this event the Commoner will 
suspend publication and the business manager is now putting 
aside a fund to be used in reimbursing subscribers for unex- 
pired subscriptions. A suspension under such circumstances 
would be unique in American journalism, but the danger is 
not a pressing one. 

New York contains 8000 lawyers, 5000 actors.. 3000 
actresses, 6000 artists. 10,000 musicians, 15.000 stenog- 
raphers, 6900 salesmen and saleswomen, 1900 farmers, 
1600 undertakers, and 852 female barbers. 

A new paper called Chinese Public Opinion, written 
in English and managed by Chinese, has just appeared 
in Peking. 

July 18, 1908. 



Lemoine Disappears, to the Regret of the Magistrate and 
the Rage of His Wife. 

So Lemoine, the diamond maker, has vanished and 
without leaving even a single gem as a pledge of his 
affections. That is the bare fact, and as there is no 
tax upon conclusions, we may draw them freely to any 
extent that we wish. 

There was never an alchemist of the Middle Ages 
who produced half such a sensation as Lemoine. Those 
who owned diamonds were afraid of him because he 
said that he would make their sparkling stones as cheap 
as pebbles upon the beach. Those who had no dia- 
monds looked upon Lemoine with a credulous curiosity. 
In fact, it is safe to say that most people believed in 
him more or less, because most people were unaware 
that he had already been in prison and that his repu- 
tation was not a savory one. And why should not 
people believe in him? The artificial diamond is a fact 
in science. No miracle was involved. Scientists were 
disposed to look upon the claim with benevolence, 
while no less an authority than Lord Armstrong was 
confident that Lemoine had made diamonds in his pres- 
ence. The vein of superstition that runs more or less 
strongly in 90 per cent of the human race gave to 
Lemoine a place in the popular credulity. Perhaps he 
would have found nearly the same place had he pro- 
fessed to have discovered the philosopher's stone or 
the elixir of life. We believe in all these things just 
as fervently as ever we did, but it is no longer fashion- 
able to confess it. Voila tout. 

It will be remembered that Lemoine met his Waterloo 
in the person of Sir Julius Wernher, who is practically 
the owner of the De Beers diamond fields in South Africa. 
Xow there was a time when Sir Julius Wernher him- 
self believed in Lemoine, for did he not offer him a 
price for his secret and even pay a portion of it in 
advance? It was only when the South African magnate 
discovered that Lemoine had been in prison that his 
eyes were opened, although there is no logical connec- 
tion between a prison record and an inability to make 
diamonds. But, however that may be, Sir Julius Wern- 
her prosecuted Lemoine for fraud and that interesting 
adventurer found himself once more amid the familiar 
surroundings of a prison. 

Now it was obvious even to a judge that Lemoine's 
ability or inability to make diamonds was the one point 
at issue. If he could really make diamonds, then he 
had a genuine secret that he had a right to sell. If he 
could not make diamonds, then he was selling a secret 
that he did not possess and that still remained the 
exclusive property of nature. But it was not so evi- 
dent to the judicial mind that so long as Lemoine was 
in durance vile it was quite out of his power to prove 
anything at all, and so there were long interrogations 
in court, all tending' may be to prove that Lemoine 
was not exactly entitled to wear the white flower of a 
blameless life, but leaving his diamond-making capaci- 
ties exactly where they were before. 

Lemoine saw his opportunity and played up to it. 
He asserted and reiterated with every appearance of 
conscious and injured rectitude that he could indeed 
make diamonds, but not, alas, in a prison' cell nor from 
such ingredients as prison fare. "Release me under 
supervision," he said in effect. "Give me the use of a 
laboratory and an electric furnace and I will soon show 
you what I can do. In a prison cell I can do nothing." 
Evidently Lemoine was no true magician. Cagliostro 
under similar durance vile in the Castle of St. Angelo 
and without any appliances whatever made a steel 
stiletto from a rusty nail. 

The plea was so far successful that Lemoine was 
actually released, in spite of the frantic protests of Sir 
Julius Wernher. He was not only released, but a 
laboratory and a furnace were placed at his disposition 
and a date set for the further hearing, a hearing that 
should have been enlivened by the production of dia- 
monds, hot, as it were, from the cow. That date was 
June 17, but Lemoine himself was the only missing 
feature from the landscape. The magistrate was there, 
Sir Julius Wernher was there, but Lemoine was repre- 
sented by an explanatory letter to the judge which may 
as well be given in extenso : 

Paris, June 16, 1908. 

I shall not present myself before you on June 17. I have 
not obtained in the laboratory at Saint Denis the results that 
I expected, and, thanks to the manceuvres of the other side, 
lime. Clarke will no longer allow me to use her laboratory. 
I must therefore go elsewhere to continue my studies. If I 
succeed I shall bring to you a diamond as the result of my 
researches. I take this resolution to go in view of the rumor 
that I am about to be arrested. 

In view of the fact that the bird had flown, the only 
thing to be done was to open the sealed envelope con- 
taining the great secret, the envelope that had been 
guarded by the bank with such jealous care. But by 
this time the hope of a great revelation had dwindled 
sadly. If Lemoine himself was unable to obtain from 
his formula the expected results, what chance remained 
for any one else? But the envelope nevertheless was 
solemnly opened and its contents given to the world. 
Henceforth we can all make diamonds at home so long 
as the supply of sugar holds out and we have an electric 
furnace to heat it in. It may be that even the electric 
furnace is a superfluity and that the common or garden 
cooking oven would do just as well. But here is the 
formula itself. Heaven forbid that it should be kept 
from a waiting world : 

The undersigned, Henri Lemoine, declares that the following 
is the procedure for making the diamond : 

(1) Procure an electric oven. 

(2J Take some pulverized carbon of sugar. 

(3) Place the carbon of sugar in a crucible. 

(4) Place the crucible in the oven and heat it with a cur- 
rent of from 1500 to 1800 amperes under a tension of 110 

(5) When this temperature is reached apply pressure to 
the cover of the crucible. 

16) The diamonds are made. It is only necessary to take 
them out. 

What could be more simple ? But simplicity is 
always derided by the ignorant, and when the formula 
was read aloud the report says that there was laughter 
— on rit. 

The aftermath of this curious affair is not quite so 
laughable. First of all. the examining magistrate finds 
himself in serious trouble for the laxity in supervision 
that has allowed an apparent criminal to escape. Sec- 
ondly. Mme. Lemoine professes to be unaware of her 
husband's whereabouts and has even brought an action 
against him for divorce. Common rumor has it that 
before his departure Lemoine demanded money from 
his wife and used violence in order to extort it. That 
may, of course, be an invention of the enemy, but Mme. 
Lemoine is certainly in earnest and has entrusted her 
affairs to a well-known attorney. 

And so the curtain descends upon the last of the 
alchemists. Rather, let me sav. the most recent, for as 
long as human credulity remains at its present undi- 
minished volume, so long will such claimants as 
Lemoine receive respectful hearing and continue to 
grow and wax fat upon human follv. 

Paris, June 21, 1908. St. Martin. 


The Happy Warrior. 

[The most beautiful eulogy written by William Wordsworth was 
read at the funeral of Grover Cleveland. It was a remarkable 
coincidence or concurrence in the minds of the three persons 
nearest to Mr. Cleveland that the poem should be chosen separately 
and individually by the three as the one human expression most 
fitting to portray the life and character of the dead. Without any 
suggestion that a poem should be read at the funeral, the Words- 
worth poem was selected by Mrs. Cleveland, the widow; by Rose 
Elizabeth Cleveland, the sister of the dead President, and by Dr. 
Henry van Dyke, who was closer to Mr. Cleveland than any other 
friend in the last few weeks of the fatal illness.] 

Who is the happy warrior? Who is he 

That every man in arms should wish to be ? — 

It is the generous spirit who, when brought 

Among the tasks of real life, hath wrought 

Upon the plan that pleased his childish thought ; 

Whose high endeavors are an inward light, 

That makes the path before him always bright; 

Who, with a natural instinct to discern 

What knowledge can perform, is diligent to learn ; 

Abides by this resolve, and stops not there, 

But makes his moral being his prime care: 

Who, doomed to go in company with Pain 

And Fear, and Bloodshed, miserable train ! 

Turns his necessity to glorious gain ; 

In face of these doth exercise a power 

W'hich is our human nature's highest dower ; 

Controls them, and subdues, transmutes, bereaves 

Of their bad influence, and their good receives ; 

By objects which might force the soul to abate 

Her feeling rendered more compassionate : 

Is placable, because occasions rise 

So often that demand such sacrifice ; 

More skillful in self-knowledge, even more pure, 

As tempted more ; more_able to endure, 

As more exposed to suffering and distress ; 

Thence, also, more alive to tenderness. — 

'Tis he whose law is reason; who depends 
Upon that law as on the best of friends ; 
Whence, in a state where men are tempted still 
To evil for a guard against worse ill. 
And what in quality or act is best 
Doth seldom on a right foundation rest, 
He fixes good on good alone, and owes 
To virtue every triumph that he knows: — 

Who, if he rise to station of command. 
Rises by open means, and there will stand 
On honorable terms, or else retire. 
And in himself possess his own desire: 
Who comprehends his trust, and to the same 
Keeps faithful with a singleness of aim, 
And therefore does not stoop, nor lie in wait 
For wealth, or honors, or for worldly state ; 
Whom they must follow ; on whose head must fall. 
Like showers of manna, if they come at all : 
Whose powers shed round him in the common strife, 
Or mild concerns of ordinary life, 
A constant influence, a peculiar grace; 
But who, if he be called upon to face 
Some awful moment to which Heaven has joined 
Great issues, good or bad for human-kind, 
Is happy as a lover, and attired 
With sudden brightness, like a man inspired ; 
And, through the heat of conflict, keeps the law 
In calmness made, and sees what he foresaw; 
Or, if an unexpected call succeed, 
Come when it will, is equal to the need: — 

He who, though thus endued, as with a sense 
And faculty for storm and turbulence, 
Is yet a soul whose master-bias leans 
To homefelt pleasures and to gentle scenes ; 
Sweet images!' which, wheresoe'er he be. 
Are at his heart ; and such fidelity 
It is his darling passion to approve; 
More brave for this, that he hath much to love. — 

Tis, finally, the man who, lifted high, 
Conspicuous object in a nation's eye, 
Or left unthought-of in obscurity, — 
Who, with a toward or untoward lot, 
Prosperous or adverse, to his wish or not, — 
Plays, in the many games of life, that one 
Where what he most doth value must be won : 
Whom neither shape of danger can dismay, 
Nor thought of tender happiness betray : 
Who, not content that former worth stand fast, 
Looks forward, persevering to the last. 
From well to better, daily self-surpassed ; 
W : ho, whether praise of him must walk the earth 
Forever, and to noble deeds give birth, 
Or he must go to dust without his fame. 
And leave a dead, unprofitable name. — 

Finds comfort in himself and in his cause: 
And, while the mortal mist is gathering, draws 
His breath in confidence of Heaven's applause : — 
This is the happy warrior ; this is he 
Whom every man in arms should wish to be. 

— William Wordsworth. 

Coney Island is sometimes visited by 500,000 people 
a day. 


The municipal elections in Panama, preliminary to 
the selection of a president of the republic, resulted in 
a victory for Domingo de Obaldia, the Independent 

It is remarked that Judge Parker showed consider- 
able courage in going to Denver and facing such gibes 
as that of the Western wit who recalled that, in 1904, 
Parker was "defeated by acclamation." 

Of the members of the two Cleveland Cabinets, ten 
survive their chief. These are Richard Olney, John G. 
Carlisle, Charles S. Fairchild, Judson Harmon, \Y. T. 
Vilas, Don M. Dickinson, Norman J. Coleman, Hilary 
A. Herbert, David R. Francis, and Hoke Smith. 

It is generally agreed that the salute of forty-six 
guns, which the President has given the District of 
Columbia Democrats permission to fire in celebration 
of Mr. Bryan's nomination from the Washington Mon- 
ument grounds, will just about express Mr. Roosevelt's 
personal satisfaction with the choice of the Democratic 

Senator Foraker of Ohio delivered an address before 
the Chamber of Commerce of Cincinnati and thrilled 
his audience with the earnestness and eloquence of his 
tribute to the personality of Mr. Taft. He pronounced 
the Republican nominee for President "a man who, in 
character, is all that could be desired." He concluded, 
however, with this mystifying statement: "But unfor- 
tunately there is one fatal weakness in the candidate, 
in that he favors a continuance of the so-called Roose- 
velt policies, of which we have already had far too 

The twenty-three delegates to the national conven- 
tion in Xew York City of the Socialist Labor Part}' 
nominated as its candidate for President of the United 
Mates Martin R. Preston of Xevada, who is serving a 
sentence of twenty-five years in the Xevada State 
Prison for having shot and killed a restaurant keeper, 
Anton Silva, a little more than a year ago. The nomi- 
nation was unanimous and was made regardless of the 
fact that a convict has no civil rights. The convict, 
however, with a fine disregard for additional notoriety, 
has declined the nomination. 

One of the victims of the President's order to army 
officers to ride fifteen miles or retire was Colonel 
William L. Marshall of the Corps of Engineers, who 
has done much good work for a long time past in the 
improvement of Xew York's harbor. When it was 
known that he was slated for retirement because of 
Mr. Roosevelt's order, much pressure was brought to 
bear, and an exception was made in his behalf. Xow 
the President selects Colonel Marshall to be the new 
chief of engineers to fill the place caused by the retire- 
ment of General Mackenzie. 

A Washington newspaper, the Herald, has found 
great consolation and much encouragement in the fact 
that the hospital ship Relief, commanded by Surgeon 
Stokes, has got along very well since it joined the fleet, 
has received and treated many patients, and has fallen 
into no trouble of any kind. All of which is accepted 
by the Herald as triumphantly disposing of the gloomy 
apprehensions of the line officers, Admiral Brownson in 
particular, and as justifying the course of President 
Roosevelt, who overruled Brownson and ushered in 
Surgeon-General Rixey's experiment. 

The presence recently in Bath, Maine, of Chief 
Justice Melville W. Fuller of the United States Su- 
preme Court, who attended the Bowdoin commence- 
ment, recalled that the first meeting of the Maine 
Press Association was held there fifty years ago. Chief 
Justice Fuller was then a reporter on the New Age,- 
at Augusta, and James G. Blaine was on the staff of 
the Kennebec Journal. Both of these men were pres- 
ent at the meeting and were prominent in the organiza- 
tion of the typographical society, as it was generally 
styled at that time. The old organization is still in 

Murat Halstead, for nearly sixty years a well-known 
and forceful journalist, died in Cincinnati July 2, aged 
seventy-nine. Mr. Halstead's father was a Xorth 
Carolinan and a Democrat, but Murat, born and reared 
in the Miami Valley of Ohio, early became a Repub- 
lican, with which party he was always prominently iden- 
tified, though for the most part of his career a thorn in 
its flesh. A farmer's son, graduated from a small college 
near Cincinnati, he drifted into newspaper work, and 
in 1854 became part owner of the Cincinnati Commer- 
cial and eventually its ruling spirit. He first attracted 
national attention by his brilliant and graphic word pic- 
tures of the national conventions of 1856. when 
Buchanan and Fremont were made the standard-bearers 
of their parties. In 1872 he opposed a second term for 
Grant, on whom his attacks during the war were 
reprinted in the Cincinnati Enquirer under the head- 
line : "Letters of a Dastardly Scoundrel !" He was only 
thirtv-four years old when in 1863 he wrote articles and 
letters attacking Lincoln. Sherman. Grant, and other 
leaders and soldiers, and these opinions of his more 
youthful days he is said to have largely recanted in his 
later years. The Commercial was consolidated in the 
eighties with the Gazette, and for many years the Com- 
mercial-Gazette, under Mr. Halstead, was one of the 
leading party papers of the country. Mr. Halstead was 
nominated for Minister to Germany by President Har- 
rison in 1889, but because of his attack or. 
leaders in the Senate he failed of confin 
aspirations for a diplomatic post failed. 



July 18, 1908. 

By Jerome A. Hart. 


The mild winter of the favored coast region was 
drawing to an end. Alden could scarcely believe that 
such a season was really winter. There had been no 
snow, no frost, no hail. There had been many days of 
sunshine, punctuated w-ith frequent days of rain — not 
the harsh, biting northern storms of less favored lati- 
tudes, but soft, slow-dropping showers borne on mild 
breezes from the south. The great plain, which a few 
weeks before was sere and brown, was now richly car- 
peted with green, while the foothills were of a paler 
green as they melted into the distant mountains; these 
were still brown, but purpled by distance as they 
climbed up from the foothills until at last their soaring 
peaks were crowned with snow-. But there was no 
snow in the valley. 

Arthur remarked to Helmont on the oddity of a 
winter without ice and snow. "Is this a typical sea- 
son?" he inquired. 

"It is our valley winter. Every ten or twelve years 
a sprinkle of snow falls in the valley, but it melts when 
ir touches the ground. The rains are never cold — they 
come on warm winds from the South Seas — from the 
tropical latitudes of the Pacific." 

"And are not your north winds cold?" asked Arthur. 

"They are chilling winds — peculiar, but not precisely 
cold. They seem to blow from the Arctic, but in cross- 
ing certain desert regions they lose their humidity and 
thus are less cold. They are dry, desiccating, and elec- 

"This is a highly favored land. We are nearing the 
end of February, yet you seem to have had no winter. 
Is March as much dreaded as it is elsewhere?" 

"No, it is practically the first month of the spring 
time. In your Northern States the spring is hoped for 
in May, but often does not come till June. Here it 
begins in March." 

"I am told that the southern Italians use the word 
'April' as we use 'May,' " remarked Arthur, "to typify 
the springtime of life. Here, by the calendar, spring 
must be made a month earlier." 

"Yes, and apropos of the calendar, the day after 
tomorrow is the first day of Lent; it is also the 23d of 
February, the eve of a Mexican independence celebra- 
tion ; and today is the 22d of February, anniversary of 
the birth of your great patriot, General Washington. I 
am going to combine these three great days, and cele- 
brate them all in one. We shall have a grand carnival 
celebration, beginning with a banquet ir. the patio, at 
which will be served all manner of delicacies strange to 
your Atlantic palate." 

"And my maid tells me that you are going to follow 
the banquet with a ball!" cried Diana, who had heard 
his last words as she aoproached. "Oh, I hope it is 
true !" 

"It is entirely true," said Helmont, smiling at her 
eagerness, "and what is more, I have secured the 
famous band of Indian boys who were trained by the 
padres of Santa Ysabel to play the guitar, the violin, 
and the trumpet. These 'boys' are no longer very 
youthful — most of them are over fifty now — but they 
play excellently, and they know the music of all the 
Spanish and Mexican dances." 

"And only to think that I shall not be able to dance!" 
cried Diana, "for I don't know the dances. Oh, how I 
wish I knew them !" 

"Your maid Luisa will teach you the ordinary ones 
in an hour or two, such as the contradanza, the jota, 
and the like, which everybody dances. Of course the 
more elaborate ones, such as the jarabe, can only be 
danced by practiced performers." 

"And you really believe I can learn the dances so 
easily?" inquired Diana, with delight. 

"Beyond doubt; the contradanza and similar ones are 
very simple — no more difficult than the quadrilles you 
Americans dance. But a more serious matter is your 
costume. Come now, you wouldn't think of going 
through Spanish dances in anything but a Spanish 

Diana's face fell. "I am afraid I shall have to," she 
said at last, after a pause, "or else not dance at all." 

"But surely you would not really attempt the Jota 
Aragonesa, say, that beautiful Spanish dance, in a pro- 
saic every-day American costume?" 

Again Diana was silent. Arthur looked at her with 
concern and at Helmont with indignation. Arthur was 
too little experienced in women's ways to know what 
profound importance even the wisest of them attach to 
a question of dress. Hence his concern over Diana's 
distress was only equaled by his indignation over the 
captain's enjoyment of it. 

"There, there!" cried the mocking Helmont; "don't 
look so woeful. Dona Diana. Cheer up ! I have a 
surprise for you. What would you say if I were to 
give you a locked chest — a mysterious chest — a cedar 
chest full of finery made for a carnival dance just like 
this one, which took place some score of years ago?" 

"Oh, you dear good captain!" cried Diana, clapping 
her hands. "I knew you could not be so cruel as you 
seemed. Whose was it?" 

"The chest belonged to Dofia Elena de Kostrominof, 
wife of the commander of the Russian fortress on the 

"And you say it was never worn? Why did she 
■ - ear it?" 

1 n the Russians withdrew suddenly from the 
the chest was accidentally left behind in one 

of the buildings inside the Russian fort. I was an inti- 
mate friend of the baron and Dona Elena — they gave 
me all this quaint Russian furniture you see about the 
Hacienda. The baron also conveyed to me all the land 
and buildings, hoping that the title might vest in me 
when the questions between the Russian and Mexican 
governments should be settled. My servants found the 
chest when I took possession. I endeavored to send the 
chest after Dona Elena, but I learned that my friends 
did not reach their Russian home. The ship on which 
they sailed was never heard of again." 

"And you did not know who were her heirs ?" 

"No — besides, the chest contained such purely per- 
sonal belongings of the poor dead lady that I thought it 
no great harm to leave them here. And here for all 
these years the chest has remained." 

"And where is it now?" cried Diana, her eyes spark- 
ling with excitement. 

"I have ordered it sent to your room, and here is the 

Seizing the quaint bronze key, Diana gave him an 
impetuous hug, and darted away. 

"It was a very happy chance that you kept the 
chest," observed Arthur; "just see how much more 
pleasure it will give now to Miss Diana than to some 
unappreciative Russian relatives." 

"And to us as well, for merely to observe her delight 
in this ancient finery will give us pleasure too." 

"And the carnival, the banquet, and the dance, 
according to your arbitrary calendar, are to begin 
w-hen ?" 

"Tonight, now. As my Mexicans and Indians all 
believe that Lent should begin with gorging, prepare 
yourself for a very long bill of fare." 

It was long, indeed, the menu w-hich the majordomo 
had prepared. It lay before the guests of honor. At 
the places of the paisanos it was not laid, nor was it 
missed. They could not have read it had it been there, 
and would not have read it had they been able. To 
their simple minds, the food was there to be eaten — all 
of it, and all of every dish ; to select from such a mass 
of good things would have seemed to them merely a 
waste of time. 

The table for the captain and his guests was laid on 
a raised dais across the head of the patio, while at right 
angles to it ran the long tables at which sat scores of 
hacienda servants. Their dark-skinned faces were lit 
up with expectation, and the decorous silence which 
prevailed among them as they filed in was only broken 
when the captain gave the signal for all to seat them- 
selves. At the side of the patio was another dais, on 
which were stationed the musical Indian boys from 
Santa Ysabel. As is the way among more civilized 
circles, the guests only waited for the music to begin 
to attempt to drown it with their talk. The most demo- 
cratic freedom prevailed between the waiters and the 
guests whom they served — that is, at the tables below 
the dais. The guests of honor were waited on by older 
and more dignified servitors who were under the severe 
eye of the majordomo. 

"There are two kinds of soup offered me, captain," 
said Mrs. Lyndon, in perplexity, "which would you 
recommend ?" 

"You had better take this — this sopa de tortillas. It 
is very much like the French consomme aux crepes, 
except that the chopped-up pancakes are replaced by 
maize tortillas:' 

"What is the other soup ?" inquired Arthur. 

"It is very good, but a trifle too heart)- to begin din- 
ner with. It is called here puchero, although it is veri- 
similar to what in Spain is called olla podrida." 

"It looks much like the French bouilli," commented 
Mrs. Lyndon. 

"Yes: it is about the same — the meat and vegetables 
of the pot-au-feu." 

"Doesn't this look nice !" cried Diana, helping herself 
to a dish proffered by the majordomo; "it looks like 
jelly roll !" 

"Be careful!" warned Helmont. But he was too late 
— poor Diana had already taken a mouthful, and was 
forced to cool her burning mouth w-ith water. 

"Those are enchiladas," he explained, "tortillas or 
pancakes with chile peppers rolled inside and cooked 
in milk. They look enticing, and they have a bland 
first taste which is seductive, but they are too fiery for 
any but Spanish tastes." 

"Exactly what is a tortilla, captain ?" inquired Arthur. 
"You speak as if it were identical w-ith a pancake." 

"Similar, but not identical ; the tortilla is a cake of 
unleavened dough, usually made by beating a ball of 
dough out thin between the hands. It is a substitute 
for bread, fork, and spoon ; the natives use it as a uten- 
sil to dip up meat and gravy, and then eat the utensil." 

"So I see," said Mrs. Lyndon, "but why are these 
tortillas of different colors?" 

"Those are made of maize, these of wheaten flour. 
The latter, the tortillas de harina, are a luxury, which 
only the well-to-do can afford. Yet, if you will notice, 
the natives are eating the maize tortillas because they 
are used to them." 

"Can it be possible, captain, that this profusion of 
good things all comes from your rancho?" asked 

"Yearly everything, although when the dessert and 
the sweets come on you will see figs and dates from old 
Mexico. Then there are pomegranates from San Ga- 
briel, and the oranges and lemons come from San 
Dieguito. We grow oranges and lemons here, but they 
are not so good as those from the south." 

"And you have these tropical fruits, as well as those 
we grow in the Atlantic States. It is marvelous !" 

"Yes, we have, in their season, peaches, pears, cher- 

ries, plums, apricots, quinces, and apples — although the 
apples grown further north are better than ours." 

"And the staples of the banquet — after what you 
told me about the number of cattle on your thousand 
hills, I suppose there is no lack of beef?" 

"Oddly enough, our beef is not good. It is tough and 
stringy. The cattle are really raised for their hides 
and tallow. Although this country has lived for years 
by cattle-raising, beef and milk are the poorest of its 
products. You had better confine yourself to the fowds 
— wild and tame. The ducks, partridge, and quail are 
good, as you know, having often eaten of those which 
my chef prepares. So with chickens and turkeys." 

"That turkey the majordomo is about to carve is a 
perfect symphony in brown," cried Mrs. Lyndon. 

"It looks as if it would melt in one's mouth," assented 

"But it won't — very much to the contrary. You must 
be on your guard today. My chef is a Frenchman, and 
ordinarily sends to our table dishes intended for deli- 
cate palates. But today he is cooking not a la francesa 
but a la mejicana. The turkeys are probably stuffed 
with green peppers and garlic, the chickens with garlic 
and red peppers, while those corn-husk things, called 
tamales, contain chopped-up chicken, so peppery that 
only a paisano could eat one without weeping. Be- 
ware !" 

"What am I going to eat then ?" queried Diana some- 
what discontentedly. "I can't eat any more peppery- 
things, for my mouth still burns from the last enchi- 

"You will have to wait for los postres, or the dessert. 
But were you not used to the Spanish cookery where 
you lived in Texas?" 

"No; our house servants were all negroes, and the 
cookery was that of the South." 

"I would like to try some of these dishes, captain," 
said Arthur, "but after your warning I hardly dare. 
What is this?" 

"That you may take safely ; it is calabazitas con 
queso, or pumpkin cooked with cheese." 

"But this is pumpkin or squash too," said Diana, "for 
the majordomo calls it calabaza en tacha, yet it looks 
like a sweet." 

"So it is — it is made of pumpkin which has been boiled 
all day in sugar. The Mexicans have a sweet tooth." 

"What do I see?" asked Arthur, glaring at a mound 
of oleaginous-looking brown comestibles, "do I gaze 
upon the doughnut dear to my childhood?" 

Helmont smiled. "You are not mistaken," he said, 
"they are called bunuelos, but they are sweet dough- 
cakes cooked in hot lard, and just the same as the New 
England doughnut." 

"New England can not claim the deadly doughnut," 
interrupted Mrs. Lyndon, "it came either from the 
Dutch of New Amsterdam or the Dutch of Pennsyl- 

"But don't forget that Xew England gave us pumpkin 
pie," said Diana to Mrs. Lyndon, but looking ma- 
liciously at Arthur. "I don't know what Mr. Alden 
will take for dessert — the pumpkin has been cooked 
with cheese, and there is no mince pie. Besides there 
were no beans." 

"Oh, yes there were," interrupted Helmont, "there 
could never be a Mexican banquet without beans." 

"True — I had forgotten the frijoles," assented Diana, 
"but of w r hat avail are beans to a Boston man w-ithout 
their kindred pork? Frijoles, frijoles, all around, and 
not a piece of pork !" 

"Alden had better not attack the bunuelos for his des- 
sert," remarked Helmont. "It is an ancient jest, handed 
down from a remote past, to put wool or cotton in them 
at carnival time. The elders of course are warned by 
sad experience not to eat them then ; but the rising 
generation is always caught by the snare." 

"That is odd!" cried Arthur, "we have the same joke 
in Xew England — it is called the cotton-batting dough- 

"Then you are already warned! But you'll find a 
plenty of other things among the sweets. These azu- 
carillos, for example, are sugar biscuits — you melt them 
in cold water. And there is almost every kind of dulce 
that can be made out of sugar." 

"Hark! What is that?" cried Diana, as a song rose 
on the air. It was a man's voice: 

"Tengo yo un pajarillo 
Que el dia pasa 
Cantando entre las flores 
De mi ventana." 

"That is the song w r ith which they open el jarabe, the 
national dance of Mexico. See — there are the couple 
selected to dance it, on the dais in front of the musi- 
cians. It is a long and complicated dance, with many 
steps ; every now and again the music changes, and 
betw-een these movements the dancers sing verses — little 
love-songs, like that you just heard." 

The majordomo had temporarily left the head of the 
table, now that the repast was served, and had taken 
his position in front of the musicians, holding a long 
w r and. With this from time to time he indicated a 
couple, who obediently rose, and took their places on 
the dais for the dance. 

"The majordomo has taken on new functions," said 

"Yes," assented Mrs. Lyndon, "he is now the floor 

"His title is now el Bastonero," explained Helmont, 
"from the boston or wand he carries. He is the mas- 
ter of ceremonies of the tertulia, or ball." 

"And when does the ball begin ?" queried Diana, "for 
I am dying to dance, and to show off my Spanish finery, 
to which nobody has paid the least attention." 

July 18, 1908. 



"There will be three or four more dances by couples 
— the zorrita, the borrego, and probably the fandango. 
After that, the general dancing will begin with the 
jota, which you tell me you have learned?" 

"Luisa says I am perfect in it," rejoined Diana tri- 

"In that case you may dawn upon us in the dual 
role of the best dancer and the most handsomely dressed 
lady of the ball. I know of no one who could equal you 
either in magnificence or in dignity unless it be the 
majordomo — I beg his pardon, the "bastonero. I shall 
go and ask him to lay aside his wand long enough to 
dance the jota with Dona Diana. Will you accept my 
arm, Mrs. Lyndon, and honor the host by taking with 
him a paseo ceremonioso, or formal promenade, amid 
his guests?" 

Together they left the table of honor and walked 
slowly down the patio, to where the majordomo was 
posted, in front of the musicians' stand. 

"How very unusual this music all sounds," said 
Arthur; "it is simple, yet most distinctive. I never 
heard anything exactly like it before." 

"Nearly all their music that I have heard has that 
peculiarity. It is said to come from the Moorish music 
of old Spain." 

"And what are the words they are singing between 
the movements of the music?" 

"Nearly all love-songs — as the captain said," Diana 
explained, without amplifying. 

"But that song the tall vaquero was just singing to 
his partner with such intensity that the people began 
laughing — what was that? I heard you humming the 
melody — you seem to know the song." 

"Yes, it is a familiar Spanish love-song," replied 
Diana, dreamily, "it runs: 

" 'Por una mirada, el mundo ; 
Por una sonrisa, el cielo ; 
Por un beso ! Yo no se 
Que te diera por un beso.' " 

"And that, translated, means " he queried. 

"The musical Spanish verse is very striking, but it 
does not sound so well in bald English prose," she 
replied, half reluctantly. 

"But what is it literally?" he insisted. 
"It might be translated thus: 'For a glance I would 
give thee the ti orld. For a smile I would give thee the 
heavens. For a kiss! Ah, z^hat would I not give thee 
'for a kiss!'" 

"Upon my word I" cried Mrs. Lyndon, who had just 
approached, "it is high time I returned, Miss Diana ! 
Explain these terrible words, and relieve the mind of a 
perhaps careless but still conscientious chaperon !" 

Diana blushed and laughed. "I was only translating 
for Mr. Alden the words of some of these Spanish 
i songs — at his request," she explained. 

"From the few words I heard they seem to be too 
intense for the frigid Anglo-Saxon. But here is your 
partner for the dance, Diana." And turning, Mrs. 
Lyndon led forward the majordomo, who was fairly 
beaming, partly over his official position and partly 
over the honor of leading out in the dance his master's 
| beautiful young guest. 

Diana rose, courtesied in acknowledgment of the 
majordomo's deep bow, and gave him the tips of her 
angers, as he, with leg bent and foot poised on toe like 
Malvolio, made as if to dart forward, leading her to 
:he centre of the scene. 

But Diana made him pause. "Captain," she cried, 
'you have not noticed my costume. What do you 
hink of it? Am I correct, or am I totally out of 
Irawing ?" 

Helmont ran his eyes over her critically. "Hum!" 
;aid he. "A yellow satin gown cut decollete; a black 
ace bolero jacket, or at least the effect, if not the 
acket; the hair done high with a tortoise-shell comb; 
he hands in silk mittens, and the feet in high-heeled 
ilack kid slippers. All very well, Dona Diana, except 
he head and the feet." 
"What is wrong with them?" 

"Only married women wore the high comb, and the 
-Uppers for dancing were always heelless and never of 
eather, but always of satin." 

"There were no shoes or slippers in the chest that I 
:ould wear," protested Diana, "so I had to wear my 

"The cleverest girl in the world can do no more than 
he can do, captain," concurred Mrs. Lyndon. 
. Diana signaled to her partner, and the majordomo 
iroudly led her down the floor, while the jaleo sounded 
n either hand. 
Arthur gazed admiringly at the beautiful girl, whose 
uaint dress he had been secretly admiring all the 
vening. That Helmont should be able to review it 
oint by point, so coolly and so critically, made 
im regard that genial gentleman with a species of 
But to follow the movements of his satin-clad idol 
Trough the contradanza now took his thoughts away 
rom the unconscious captain. The Spanish dance, he 
oted, involved the forming of the couples in two lines 
ke the Virginia reel, but here all resemblance ceased, 
he music was waltz time, and each of the graceful 
gures ended with waltzing. 

When the majordomo returned leading his pretty 

artner back to the table of honor, he bowed pro- 

oundly, and then, to Arthur's amazement, he leaned 

I irward, and broke an egg on Diana's head. But from 

: there descended only bits of colored paper. Helmont 

anded her a basket of similar eggs from the table 

ehind him, and Diana laughingly returned the major- 

omo's compliment. All around the patio similar eggs 

ere being broken in every direction. 

"What does that mean ?" inquired Arthur of the cap- 
tain, "is it some sort of religious observance?" 

"They call them cascarones; the eggshells are emp- 
tied, and filled — sometimes with these colored papers or 
confetti, and sometimes with scented waters. It is a 
carnival custom you find among all the Latin races, 
differing only in detail." 

The jota followed the contradanza, and after that 
came dance after dance, some of them set dances in 
which many joined, others for single couples, such as 
the bamba, the borrego, and the caballo. These were 
accompanied by much singing and rattling of the casta- 
nets. Thus the night wore on. 

It was long past midnight when the sudden arrival 
of a messenger at the lower end of the patio showed 
that some news of importance was at hand. Even 
before he reached the dais where Helmont sat, the 
messenger's news preceded him. Although Arthur 
knew little Spanish he could hear the words "el rio ! el 
rio !" passing from mouth to mouth, and knew that 
whatever had happened the trouble had to do with the 
river. The music died away — the dancing stopped. 
When the messenger had at last made his way through 
the crowd to where Helmont was, he saluted and 
briefly delivered his message. 

"I feared as much !" cried Helmont, his face cloud- 

"What is the matter, captain?" asked Mrs. Lyndon, 
"has anything serious happened?" 

"Word has come from the embarcadero that the river, 
which for two days has been extremely high, has sud- 
denly begun to rise about a foot an hour." 

"Is there any danger?" she asked. 

"Pardon me a moment," Helmont replied, and call- 
ing the majordomo, gave him some hurried directions; 
the man nodded, and began shouting in a loud voice, 
and as he spoke the crowd in the patio started hur- 
riedly toward the portal. 

"I have just ordered all hands to go at once to the 
river and endeavor to mend the broken levee. Every 
worker will be useful, whether man or woman. A few 
minutes of good hard work now may save hours or 
even days of doubtful labor later on. You ask about 
danger, Mrs. Lyndon ; here at the Hacienda, we are on 
high ground, and perfectly safe. But with the low- 
lying valley lands, it is not so; if my people do not 
succeed in building up the levees sufficiently to check 
the rising waters the low lands will be inundated. It 
is not probable that any lives will be lost — all the 
people in the valley will have time enough to flee to the 
hills. There may be some cattle lost — there usually are 
at flood times. But there will be great damage done to 
the crops, the gardens, the orchards, in the rich valley 
lands. If the river rises to flood level the water will 
cover them for days." 

"Is it not strange that the river should rise so 
rapidly?" asked Arthur. "It has been a number of 
days now since any rain has fallen." 

"The swollen waters come from the heavy snow on 
the high mountains. As I told you, the unseasonably 
warm weather is melting the snow so rapidly that the 
choked up river-bed can not carry it away." 

"Look !" cried Diana, "the patio is deserted. We are 
the only ones left." 

"Yes, they have all gone to the riverside, and by now 
are working hard at the levees. It will be a very ani- 
mated scene. Mrs. Lyndon, you and Diana had better 
accompany me there, probably you would not sleep 
much if you -were to go to bed. I am sorry you can't 
go, Alden, but after midnight bed is the place for a 
convalescent. Besides, you would be of no use as a 
flood-fighter, being on the sick-list." 

Arthur rather ruefully admitted the truth of Hel- 
mont's remark, and bade farewell to the ladies, as they 
prepared for their trip to the levee. 
[to be continued.] 
Copyright 1908 by Jerome A. Hart. 

Kingsville, Texas, claims to have as a resident the 
largest female landholder in the United States. Her 
name is Mrs. King, and she is a widow. Her posses- 
sions aggregate the enormous total of 1,470,000 acres 
and she lives in a palatial ranch home in Kingsville. 
But recently she added 190,000 acres to her holdings 
with as little fuss as the average persons buys a small 
tract. Most of her land is valued at from $15 to $20 
an acre, and her total wealth, including, cattle and other 
propertv. is estimated at $30,000,000. Her estate is 
managed by her son-in-law, but Mrs. King is consulted 
about every important matter. Agricultural operations 
are carried on on an extensive scale, and live stock is 
raised in great numbers on the vast ranch. Mrs. King 
inherited a large part of her property from her late hus- 
band, but she has been a shrewd investor and has more 
than doubled her inheritance. During the early days 
she was one of the settlers who experienced great hard- 
ships, the country then being infested with Mexican 
bandits and all other classes of criminals. There is 
another Texas woman who owns over 1,500,000 acres 
of land in the famous Panhandle district, and she also 
keeps a fine home in London. She is a royal enter- 
tainer and always brings with her from Europe mem- 
bers of the nobility as her guests. 

Some of the leading shoe dealers in Chicago predict 
that many women in that city will wear sandals this 
summer. Some of the dealers have already laid in big 
supplies to meet the demand which they expect. 

In New York a child is born every four minutes, and 
a death occurs every seven minutes. 


Dr. Sigismund Tarrasch and Dr. Emanuel Lasker 
will meet to contest the chess championship of the world 
next month. 

Mme. Helena Modjeska has finished writing her 
"Memories and Impressions" and they will be brought 
out in two volumes. 

The Kaiser advocates a tax on bachelors and thus 
joins President Roosevelt in a movement primarily 
intended to encourage matrimony and family homes. 

Tommaso Salvini/ the Italian tragedian, will soon 
reach the eightieth anniversary of his birth, and his 
countrymen are preparing for a celebration in his 

Mrs. Carrie Nation is credited with having made 
(one could hardly say earned) about $200,000 going 
about the country smashing bars and costly saloon 
fittings with her little hatchet. 

John Ericsson, the city engineer of Chicago, has 
been invited to return to Sweden to become the director 
of public works at Stockholm. The position pays a 
salary of $7000 a year and a house. 

Miss Mary E. Miller, a Chicago attorney and coun- 
selor, has just received a fee of $30,000 for gaining a 
suit for the grandchildren of William Bross, for the 
distribution of his $3,000,000 estate. 

Princess Philippe of Wurtemburg, who was an arch- 
duchess of Austria, makes rubber stockings and other 
aids for the wounded, and she receives royalties from 
several of the war ministers of Europe. 

May Murray, a successful actress in New York, has 
forsaken the theatrical field to control the coat-room 
privilege in a big hotel, paying $8000 a year for the 
business. She expects to receive at least $10,000 a year 
in fees and tips. 

Lord Wolseley, who has just passed his seventy-fifth 
birthday, has probably had more narrow escapes from 
death than any other living British officer. In his 
younger days his lordship was so daring that he earned 
from the Ashantis the title of "The General Who Never 

Miss Flora Wilson, daughter of the Secretary of 
Agriculture, recently made ner appearance as a singer 
at a concert in Paris. Miss Wilson is a pupil of Jean 
de Reszke. A fine audience greeted her and her success 
was pronounced. She will make her debut in opera 
next year. 

Professor E. D. Campbell, director of the chemical 
laboratories in the University of Michigan, lost his 
sight eighteen years ago through an accident. In spite 
of his affliction he has taken a high place in education 
and has made original researches of much value, espe- 
cially in the chemistry of iron and cement. 

Dr. James Augustus Henry Murray, one of the great 
scholars of England and famous as editor of the Oxford 
New English Dictionary, has been made a knight by 
King Edward. Mr. Percy William Bunting, editor of 
the Contemporary Reviezs, who has reached the age of 
seventy-two, was also made a knight on the king's 
recent birthday anniversary. 

President G. Stanley Hall of Clark University 
announces with solemnity that college professors must 
organize for self-protection and boycott all news gath- 
erers as enemies to academic dignity and weight. He 
says : "College professors must do something to keep 
themselves from being made ridiculous. The time has 
come when a college professor can not open his mouth 
without being made to look, speak, and act like a fool." 

Mrs. Constance Faunt LeRoy Runcie of St. Joseph, 
Missouri, one of the honorary vice-presidents of the 
Federation of Woman's Clubs, was the founder of the 
first woman's club in the United States — the Minerva 
Club, organized under its written constitution at New 
Harmony, Indiana, in 1859. Mrs. Runcie is the grand- 
daughter of the celebrated philanthropist, Robert Owen 
of New Lanark, Scotland. A woman's club had not 
been heard of when the Minerva sprang into existence, 
it preceding Sorosis of New York by nine years. 

Thomas Hill, well known as a painter of Yosemite 
views, died July 1 at Raymond, near the famous valley 
which he did so much to bring to the world's attention. 
Although seventy-nine years old, he kept his studio at 
Wawona, in the Tuolumne big tree grove, and worked 
there regularly on his paintings. Hill's first work to 
attract attention was a view of the Yosemite which 
hangs in the Crocker Art Gallery at Sacramento. He 
painted the Yosemite in all the seasons, and he also 
made striking canvases of the Yellowstone, Muir Gla- 
cier, in Alaska, and other Pacific Coast scenes. He 
made a fortune, but lost it in the collapse of Bonanza 
mining stock. 

Selig Brodesky, a Russian Jew, whose father was 
hunted from Odessa and found refuge for himself and 
family in the East End of London and who keeps an 
old clothes store at Mile End, has won the place of 
"senior wrangler" at Cambridge University, the highest 
honor in the mathematical tripos. The first to con- 
gratulate him was Lord Rothschild. It is a co 
honor at the present time, for next year will ; 
last "senior wrangler," as the tripos mathemati: 
Cambridge will be brought in harmony wit', 
Oxford. The distinction has existed ever sir 
year 1735, and some of the most eminent men ot 
times have been "wranglers." 



July 18, 1908. 


Owen Wister Describes for Us a National Pro- 
genitor of Flesh and Blood. 

■ In his preface to a very choice little volume 
Mr. Owen Wister explains that his full length 
portrait of Washington was intended to be 
within the compass of an evening's reading. 
That such brevity was beyond his power is a 
matter for congratulation. His subject would 
have been marred by too much compression. 
As it is, we may well wish that his sketch 
were longer and that he had availed himself 
even more fully of a happy vein of inspiration 
that may have been worked before, but not 
with such a bountiful yield. 

Mr. Wister had no intention to write a life 
of Washington, but only to reanimate that 
great figure with the human attributes of 
which a century of hero worship has robbed 
it. Irving attempted something of the kind, 
but he did it with "inferential deprecations." 
Now the time has come for a further "un- 
freezing of Washington" and for a better 
revelation of a man who has been held up to 
our admiration "rigid with congealed virtue, 
ungenial, unreal," and for whom our regard 
has been "without interest, sympathy, heart — 
or, indeed, belief." 

How far the real and human Washington 
has suffered by that same idolatry against 
which the Congress of his own day so fanat- 
ically protested is made clear enough by Mr. 
Wister. Even his letters have been tampered 
with in the effort to remove from them what- 
ever might seem incompatible with the super- 
human. When Washington wrote "our ras- 
cally privateersmen go on at the old rate" the 
word "rascally" was edited out of the printing 
as indecorous. Where Washington says of a 
contemplated appropriation "one hundred 
thousand dollars will be but a flea bite" his 
words are changed to "one hundred thousand 
dollars will be totally inadequate." And so 
on, and so on. Mr. Wister says truly that 
it thrills a true American to the marrow to 
learn that George Washington, the ideal, was 
"a man also with a hearty laugh, with a 
love of the theatre, with a white hot temper," 
and one moreover who could use iron-clad 
language upon occasion, as when he said of 
Edmund Randolph "a damneder scoundrel 
God Almighty never permitted to disgrace hu- 

And so it is to this process of rehumaniza- 
tion that Mr. Wister addresses himself. For 
his purpose he divides his subject into seven 
epochs — "Ancestry," "The Boy," "The Young 
Man," "The Married Man," "The Com* 
mander," "The President," and "Immortality." 

The curriculum through which the boy 
Washington had to pass was quite of a 
nature to develop grace of heart if not of 
head. His schoolmaster taught civility as a 
branch of education, just as he taught arith- 
metic and spelling. Civility is no longer a 
branch of education and we are tempted some- 
times to wonder if arithmetic and spelling are 
still included. Here are some extracts from 
Washington's copy-book: 

"Be not immodest in urging your friends to dis- 
cover a secret." 

"Wear not your Cloths foul, unript, or dusty." 

"Sleep not when others Speak, Sit not when 
others stand. Speak not when you should hold 
your Peace, Walk not when others Stop." 

"Superfluous Compliments and all Affectation of 
Ceremony are to be avoided, yet where due they 
are not to be Neglected." 

"Read no Letters, Books or Papers in Company, 
but when there is a Necessity for the doing of it 
you must ask leave: come not near the Books or 
Writings of Another so as to read them unless de- 
sired . . . look not nigh when another is writing 
a Letter." 

"Speak not of doleful things in a time of 

"Talk not with meat in your mouth." 

"Labour to keep alive in your breast that little 
Spark of Celestial lire called Conscience." 

These are all good and sound rules, al- 
though some of them are today more honored 
in the breach than in the observance. 

Of Washington's humor there are many in- 
stances in Mr. Wister's book. We are told 
that his laughter may be likened to a big bell 
that needs a good, strong hand to make it 
sound, and then rings out far over the open 
fields. Of his sense of the ludicrous we have 
an example in the life of Jeremiah Smith, who 
was a visitor at Mount Vernon in 1797 : 

Judge Marshall and Judge Washington (the 
general's nephew Bushrod) were on their way to 
Mount Vernon, attended by a servant who had 
the charge of a large portmanteau containing their 
clothes. At their last stopping place there hap- 
pened to be a Scotch pedler, with a pack of 
goods which resembled their portmanteau. The 
roads were very dusty, and a little before reaching 
the general's, they, thinking it hardly respectful 
to present themselves as they were, stopped in a 
neighboring wood to change their clothes. The 
colored man got down his portmanteau, and just 
as they had prepared themselves for the new gar- 
ments, out flew some fancy soap and various other 
articles belonging to the pedler, whose goods 
had been brought on instead of their own. They 
were so struck by the consternation of their serv- 
ant, and the ludicrousness of their own position, 
br ng there naked, that they burst into loud and 
repeated shouts of laughter. Washington, who 
hippened to be out upon his grounds near by, 
1 ^ard the noise, and came to see what might be the 
jcasion of it, when, finding his friends in that 
•range plight, he was so overcome with laughter. 
thit he actually rolled upon the ground. 

Rolled upon the ground! And yet Judge 
Marshall, who saw this feat, was still able to 

testify that he was "never free from restraint 
in Washington's presence — never felt quite at 
ease, such was Washington's stateliness and 
dignity." Mr. Smith says the same thing. 
"He was always dignified, and one stood a 
little in awe of him" : 

"A little in awe"; again that touch, given above 
by Judge Marshall, and by so many others — in 
fact, unanimously given. That Judge Marshall, 
himself a considerable man, should have seen 
Washington roll on the ground with laughter, yet 
after that still never feel quite at ease in his 
presence is wonderfully significant of the majestic 
figure that Washington must have become after 
bearing our young country on his shoulders 
through so many years of its weakness and need. 
The truth is, a great man can not do great things 
without in a way growing apart from his fellows, 
little as he may desire such a result. For some- 
what the same reason the sight of a huge flood, 
or a deep chasm, or a high mountain, inclines all 
save stunted spirits to silence, and personal great- 
ness distils inevitable constraint, and draws around 
itself unknowingly a circle of isolation that is not 
without its sadness. In Washington's very' last 
years, we read that during a dance of young 
people at Mount Vernon, be came out of his study 
to take pleasure in looking on, when a quiet spread 
over the gayety of the party. It was explained 
that his presence caused it, and then they saw 
that tall, weather-beaten figure go back to his 
solitude from the lights and the laughter whose 
brightness he was unwilling to dim. 

That there were depths of humorous possi- 
bilities in Washington and that sometimes 
they broke out refreshingly upon the surface 
is evident enough. Perhaps if the records 
were fuller it would be still more evident: 

It is likely that Washington's familiar talk with 
his friends ( in those rare moments when they 
were not all obliged to be debating the gravest 
possible matters) was not infrequently relieved by 
touches of that sedately expressed fun which 
occur now and then in his letters, such as the 
passage about General Braddock and the potted 
woodcocks. Indeed, we know that he could be 
jocular in the very heart of a crisis. On that 
memorable night of Trenton, in the midst of the 
icy, dangerous Delaware, be turned to Henry 
Knox with a rough joke that still lives upon the 
lips of men. But to men's lips it must be con- 
fined; a printed page is not the place for it, any 
more than a china-shop is the place for a bull, 
who is an object as excellent in the fields as 
Washington's speech was excellent on the Dela- 
ware, in the presence only of Knox and the boat- 
man. His enjoyment of hunt-dinners, and of 
those songs and jests which come after them is 
well known, and his fondness for theatrical shows, 
and shows in general, was life-long, as was his 
pleasure in dancing. He danced during war, as 
well as in peace, and up to within three years of 
his death — that is to say, when he was sixty-four 
years old. 

There is another picture that Mr. Wister 
truly says is worth selecting from among 
those that have survived. A visitor at Mount 
Vernon who was suffering from a heavy cold 
lay coughing on his bed, unable to sleep, 
when he became aware of the looming, night- 
clad form of Washington approaching his 
bedside. Washington was bringing him a 
bowl of tea which he had got out of his bed 
to make himself for his guest's relief. 

Of Washington's invariable kindliness to 
those dependent upon him there are very 
many examples, mainly taken from his letters 
to Mount Vernon. Thus upon one occasion 
he writes : 

"You will be particularly attentive to my negroes 
in their sickness; and to order every overseer 
positively to be so likewise; for I am sorry' to 
observe that the generality of them view these 
poor creatures in scarcely any other light than 
they do a draught horse or ox . . . instead of 
comforting and nursing them when they lye on a 
sick bed. . . . 

"Doll at the Ferry must be taught to knit, and 
made to do a sufficient day's work of it. . . . 
Lame Peter, if nobody else will, must teach her. 
. . . Tell house Frank I expect he will lay up 
a more plenteous store of the black common 
walnut." - 

But withal he is not to be readily imposed 
upon. Upon another occasion he writes un- 
der the strong and probably well-grounded 
suspicion that malingering was not an un- 
known vice among his hands: 

"I find by the reports that Sam is, in a manner, 
always returned sick; Doll at the Ferry, and sev- 
eral of the spinners very frequently so, for a 
week at a stretch; and ditcher Charles often laid 
up with a lameness. I never wish my people to 
work when they are really sick . . . but if you 
do not examine into their complaints, they will 
lay by when no more ails them than all those who 
stick to their business. . . . My people . . . 
will lay up a month, at the end of which no 
visible change in their countenance nor the loss 
of an ounce of flesh is discoverable; and their 
allowance of provision is going on as if nothing 
ailed them. . . . What sort of lameness is 
Dick's . . . and what kind of sickness is Betty 
Davis's? ... a more lazy, deceitful, and impu- 
dent huzzy is not to be found in the United 
States. ... I am as unwilling to have any per- 
son, in my service, forced to work when they are 
unable as I am to have them skulk from it when 
they are fit for it." . . . 

Perhaps even oblivion would have been 
better for Betty Davis than to be handed 
down to posterity by the father of her country 
as the most lazy, deceitful, and impudent 
huzzy to be found in the United States. It is 
to be feared that Betty Davis had a numerous 

Mr. Wister has confined himself to some 
two hundred and fifty pages of large type, but 
his good things are so numerous that an ex- 
pansion to twice the size would have been 
well justified. That he succeeds in his object 
no one can question. Under his adroit touch 

the vastness of Washington becomes more im- 
pressive. It is only the man of infinite genius 
who can direct his mind with the same energy 
and precision toward the small things of life, 
its details, its humors, and its quaintnesses 
as toward the great world movements that it 
directs and sustains. It is magnitude and not 
elevation that awes us, that "leaves us silent 
with wonder." 

"The Seven Ages of Washington," by Owen 
Wister. Published by the Macmillan Com- 
pany, New York ; $2. 

Art patrons may profit by a French ex- 
posure of an ingenious trick. A dealer or- 
dered a Dutch inn scene. The picture was 
excellent, and the artist had painted the sig- 
nature "Jan Steen, 1672," on it, as he had 
been instructed, after a fac-simile contained 
in a museum catalogue. But the dealer said : 
"The picture is so beautiful that you ought 
to put your own name to it." The signature 
"Jan Steen" was covered accordingly with 
the signature of the artist. As his work, the 
painting was shipped to a well-posted New 
York dealer. At the same time the New 
York customs office received an anonymous 
letter conveying the information that upon a 
certain steamer a Jan Steen, worth 200,000 
francs, was to be expected, but that a false 
name had been painted over the signature in 
order to avoid the duty. The customs officer 
examined the painting and detected the sig- 
nature Jan Steen under the covering. The 
picture thus became authentic, its authen- 
ticity being certified by the customs papers. 
The New York art dealer had to pay 20 per 
cent duty and 50 per cent fine, together with 
HO, 000 francs. And three days later he sold 
the Jan Steen for 250,000 francs. 

Jonas Lauritz Edemil Lie, the Norwegian 
poet and novelist, died at Christiania July 5. 
He was born in 1S33. As a boy Lie showed a 
fondness for the sea and his parents feared 
for a time that he might turn to the sailor's 
life. At eighteen he entered the University of 
Christiania. and after receiving his law degree 
he started practice in Kongvinger, a small 
town in the south of Norway. Few writers 
have described a sailor's life as well as Lie. 
The first collection of his poems appeared in 
1864. His most widely known novel, "Lodsen 
Og Hans Hustru" (The Pilot and His Wife), 
was published in 1874. 

George M. Cohan, the young playwright, 
composer, and vaudeville star, should add an- 
other to his many titles, for he is certainly 
one of the princes of publicity. He was the 
leading spirit in the committee of arrange- 
ments for a monster benefit performance to 
be given July 17 at the New York Polo 
Grounds for the Home of Destitute Crippled 
Children, and his programme included among 
other drawing features the presence of Sec- 
retary Taft, a song-writing contest in public, 
and Lillian Russell as the umpire of a base- 
ball game between prima donnas and sou- 

Joel Chandler Harris, editor of Uncle 
Remus Magazine, died at his home in Atlanta, 
Georgia, July 3, after a short illness. Mr. 
Harris was sixty years of age. He had quit 
many years of toil as an editorial writer for 
the Atlanta Constitution and had settled down 
in his West End home to follow his own pecu- 
liar literary fancies. 

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July 18, 1908. 




By Sidney G. P. Coryn. 

Agnes Repplier, writing in the Atlantic 
Monthly on "Our Great-Grandmother's Novel," 
reminds us of how rapid has been our 
progress since the day when the male charac- 
ters in fiction had limbs but not legs, and 
when the female characters moved in some 
way unknown and even unguessed at in polite 
society. Perhaps the morals of our great- 
grandmother's novels were no better than in 
the fiction of today. They were certainly no 
better than they should be, but then they 
were wrapped in such chaste circumlocution 
of language, so very much was left to the 
imagination, that they could be read without 
offense and without calling a blush to the 
cheek of modesty. 

We have certainly changed all that, and if 
the cycles of time should ever bring a return 
of the bash fulness of a century ago we may 
well wonder what our great-grandchildren 
will think of us when they read some of the 
fiction that finds a place among the best 
sellers. Certainly there is very little left to 
the imagination, nor do we waste time by 
covering up our meaning under clouds of 
words. As Mr. Marsh says in the Bookman, 
much water has flowed into New York Bay 
since the days of our great-grandmothers. 
We have learned the ways of the tribe of 
Marymaclanc and "we are not so easily 
shocked as we once were." 

Religion and Medicine, by Elwood Worcester, 
D. D., Ph. D., Samuel McComb, M. A., 
D. D., and Isador H. Coriat, M. D. Pub- 
lished by Moffat, Yard & Co., New York; 
We are told that the object of this book 
is to describe the work in behalf of nervous 
sufferers which has been undertaken in 
Emmanuel Church, Boston. That is all well 
and good. If the Christian churches believe 
that they can alleviate bodily pain they have 
the best possible warrant for trying. Most of 
our diseases arise from errors of conduct, 
which in turn spring from errors in thought, 
and the connection between religion and 
thought habits is too evident to need indica- 

But to the further statements that the work 
of Emmanuel Church "bears no relation to 
Christian Science, either by way of protest or 
imitation, but it would be what it is had the 
latter never existed" it is necessary to enter a 
protest. Indeed, such a claim appears to be 
hardly honest. The authorities of Christian 
Science and Emmanuel Church both agree in 
seeking to alter bodily conditions by changing 
the polarity of thought, by rendering it auto- 
matic in a new direction. In essentials they 
are nearly identical. They differ in non- 
essentials and in the particular form of the 
incantations to be used. To apply an ancient 
simile, Emmanuel Church seems to have 
caught the Christian Scientists in bathing and 
to have run off with their clothes. 

Nevertheless the book is a good one and a 
valuable elucidation of what may be done by 
the aid of the finer forces of nature. Such 
terms as "auto-suggestion" and "subconscious 
self" are, of course, used as glibly as usual 
and not always with recognition that they 
are terms for the almost wholly unknown. 
Theories are formed and sustained by the 
simple expedient of ignoring all phenomena 
that do not square with them, but that is a 
common failing of the modern psychology. 
But the fact remains, and it is a fact indis- 
putable, that the forces employed seem to 
have vast remedial efficacy and the more we 
know of them from reputable and sincere 
investigators the better it will be for us. The 
authors of this book are doing a useful work 
of which the future value will depend upon 
their own mental freedom from theological 
and scientific prejudices and preconceptions. 

wishes to marry Lady Victoria — personally we 
should make some other choice — he is entitled 
to try and we are unfeignedly glad when he 

Upon a canvas so large some inartistic spots 
are almost inevitable. We are a little sorry 
to see the rapid waning of Rose Letcher's 
interest in her public work as soon as she is 
discovered by her wealthy relatives, and we 
are still more sorry when she marries that 
very vapid young man, Captain Travers, who 
originally led her astray when she was a girl 
in England. The ugly and unnecessary fate 
that befalls Maggie Beechy, whose winsome 
kindliness compensates for her lack of brains, 
is also a deplorable feature. The author is, 
indeed, stronger with his men than with his 
women, but he has none the less given us a 
striking story, one that was worth writing and 
that shows conscientious labor as well as 
imaginative ability. 

Purple and Homespun, by Samuel M. Gar- 
denhire. Published by Harper & Broth- 
ers, New York; $1.50. 

This story is a somewhat clever blending 
of the extremes of social life. We oscillate 
between the east side of New York and the 
British embassy at Washington, and that the 
author is able to weld such diverse elements 
into a unit speaks much for his ingenuity. 

"Purple and Homespun" belongs distinctly 
to the higher grades of fiction. It introduces 
us not only to definite types of individual 
character, but also to the varieties of class 
consciousness that constitute the real problem 
of the statesman. In Jacob Roth and in Rose 
Letcher of the East Side we see the spirit of 
aggressive Socialism and of a Socialism that 
we can not afford to ignore, because it is 
energized by intense conviction and inflamed 
by supposed injustices. The picture of the 
Socialist meeting and of Rose Letcher's elo- 
quence is not soon to be forgotten. 

At the other end of the scale we have Lord 
Wemyss, the British Ambassador, and his 
daughter Victoria. Senator Marshall Tree- 
mon, who has acquired rank and fortune by 
a remarkable combination of personal quali- 
ties, may be regarded as the link between 
East and West. He is man enough to recog- 
nize and acknowledge the claims of his own 
lowly origin as soon as he discovers that he 
himself was an East Side child, and he is also 
man enough to recognize that worth is a 
matter of individual attainment alone. If he 

The New American Type and Other Essays, 
by Henry D. Sedgwick. Published by 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston and 
New York; $1.50. 
All these essays are suggestive and deli- 
cately written. That on "The New American 
Type" was suggested by an exhibition of 
American portraits new and old and a study 
of the gradual change of type that has been 
wrought during a hundred years. Very felici- 
tous is the essay on "The Mob Spirit in 
Literature" and the mental contagion that 
produces the phenomenal circulation of the 
"best sellers." The initial cause of the con- 
tagion that sweeps over the "reading mob" is 
obscure. It is not so much a case of merit 
as of a "condition of receptivity" and of an 
insistent eagerness that spreads from mind to 
mind, gathering force as it goes. It is an 
instance of the collective consciousness that 
moves by suggestion and that is irrational. 

Other valuable critical essays are on "Mrs. 
Wharton," "Charles Russell Lowell," and 
"Mark Twain," the latter being of a marked 
and discriminating insight. The concluding 
extravaganza on "The Coup d'Etat of 1961," 
and describing the "circumstances under 
which the present imperial dynasty mounted 
the throne of the Americas" might perhaps 
have been omitted, but it does at least enable 
us to close the book with a smile. The vol- 
ume contains twelve essays and their nearly 
uniform merit is unquestionable. 

Princess Nadine, by Christian Reid. Pub- 
lished by G. P. Putnam's Sons, New 
York; $1.50. 
The Princess Nadine is half Russian and 
half American. She is engaged to Prince 
Maximilian, who hopes, by the grace of Rus- 
sia, to be King of Serabia. But the cousin 
of the princess, Count Alexis, has compro- 
mised himself with the revolutionary move- 
ment, and when the princess undertakes to 
guard his treasonable documents she is threat- 
ened by Russia with the loss of her fiance 
and of her throne. As it happens she has no 
use for either, having now fallen in love with 
Mr. Leighton, an immensely rich South 
American politician, who rescues her from 
her perplexities and helps her to defy her 

The story has undeniably good points, but 
the princess is not so fascinating as she is 
intended to be, while the assumption that 
the French government — the scene is laid in 
France — would arrest or molest Russian con- 
spirators is incorrect. A Russian revolu- 
tionist is as safe in France as in Colorado, 
and always has been. 

New Publications. 
Dulfield & Co., New York, have published 
"The Reflections of Ambrosine" and "Beyond 
the Rocks," by Elinor Glynn. Price, $ 1.50 

A little book of some suggestive value is 
"The Heavenly Life," by James Allen. Pub- 
lished by R. F. Fenno & Co., New York. 
Price, 15 cents, paper covers, and 50 cents, 
cloth binding. 

"My High School Days" is a blank book 
intended presumably for diary purposes and 
therefore for the use of girls. Each page is 
prettily decorated. It is published by the H. 
M. Caldwell Company, New York and Boston. 

Harper & Brothers, New York, have pub- 
lished "Adventures of Pirates and Sea 
Rovers," by Howard Pyle, Rear-Admiral 
Upshur, Paul Hull, and others. The tales 
are culled from history, but with all the 
attractive dressing of fiction, while the illus- 
trations are good. Price, 60 cents. 

"The Lady in the Car," by William Le 
Queux, is the story of a series of thieving ad- 

ventures by a band of plausible scoundrels 
under the leadership of "Prince Albert of 
Hesse-Holstein," who relies for his success 
upon the influence of a title and a resplendent 
motor car. The book is published by the J. 
B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, and the 
price is $1.50. 

"The Gourmet's Guide to Europe," by Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Newnham-Davis, is written for 
the purpose of giving "information to travel- 
ing Anglo-Saxons, of both sexes, who take an 
interest in the cookery and food of the coun- 
tries they pass through, and are not content 
to dine and breakfast every day at the hotel 
in which they may happen to stay." It is pub- 
lished by Brentano's, New York. 

From the Funk & Wagnalls Company, New 
York, comes a volume of "Sermons Which 
Have Won Souls," by the Rev. Louis Albert 
Banks, D. D. The title is a little unfortunate 
and suggests a crude orthodoxy, but we are 
pleasantly surprised to find a series of in- 
tensely sincere appeals for the right life 
rather than for creeds, appeals that can 
hardly have failed in results of the best kind. 
The price of the book is $1.40. 

The Gentlest Art, edited by E. V. Lucas. 
Published by the Macmillan Company, 
New York; $1.50. 

Perhaps letter-writing will once more be- 
come a cultivated grace when time has other 
than a money value. It is well described as 
the "gentlest" of all arts, the art that is the 
truest reflection of mind and heart, the best 
mirror of friendship and of sentiment. 

The author has made his selections with 
admirable care. We do not miss a single 
old favorite. He has given us all that is best 
in letter-writing and the classification under 
such heads as "Children and Grandfathers," 
"The Familiar Manner," "The Grand Style," 
"Humorists and Oddities," is everything that 
can be desired. Altogether he has given us 
about one hundred and fifty letters that de- 
serve a high place in literature and that may 
well be studied by those who wish to acquire 
a graceful but a well-nigh forgotten art. 

The Iliad of the East, by Frederika Mac- 
donald. Published by the John Lane 
Company, New York. 
The Western mind has shown itself of late 
years to be singularly receptive to Oriental 
thought, and this fine book should do much 
to show that a search into Indian literature 
will not go unrewarded. "The Iliad of the 
East" is a selection of legends drawn from 
Valmiki's Sanskrit poem, "The Ramayana," 
and the selections are not only judicious, but 
they are rendered in fitting language. There 
is perhaps no better corrective for the little- 
nesses of modern life than a glance at the 
grand imageries of Oriental literature, and 
whoever makes these generally available is 
doing a public service. The illustrations, be- 
ing by J. Lockwood Kipling, are of unusual 
artistic merit. 

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July 18, 1908. 


"If I Were King," Justin Huntly McCar- 
thy's dramatization of his own novel of the 
same name, will be the Alcazar's offering next 
week, commencing Monday evening, with 
White Whittlesey in the role of Frangois Vil- 
lon, which was created by E. H. Sothern. In 
the cast are forty-five speaking people and 
many silent auxiliaries, and each of the four 
acts demands a most elaborate setting. 

The story of the play, briefly told, is an 
incident in the turbulent career of Frangois 
Villon, the vagabond rhymester who amused 
France when Louis XI was king. The scene 
opens in a Paris wine shop, where Villon 
recites a poem recounting what he would do 
to enhance the glory of his country if he were 
on the throne, and among the motley throng 
that applaud his sentiments is Louis himself, 
in disguise. His majesty promptly takes the 
poet at his word and appoints him king for 
one week, warning him that unless he wins 
the love of Katherine de Faudelles, who had 
flouted the monarch, he will be guillotined. 
The remainder of the play is taken up by 
Villon's endeavors to prove himself a model 
ruler, but at the end of the week he has seem- 
ingly failed to touch the heart of the prudish 
Katherine, and he is about to be consigned to 
execution when she discloses her affection for 
him and saves his life by offering to take his 
place on the scaffold. 

Mr. Whittlesey will be seen as Villon, 
Miss Barriscale as Katherine, and the remain- 
der of the Alcazar players and many extra 
people will have well-fitting roles. 

The bill at the Orpheum for the week begin- 
ning this Sunday matinee will have for its 
chief attraction the Four Fords, who are un- 
equaled in this country as dancers. The two 
sisters, Deborah and Mabel, give an exhibition 
of energetic dancing that is really a revela- 
tion. The Tom Davies Trio from the London 
Coliseum and New York Hippodrome will 
make their first appearance in this city and 
introduce their cycling novelty, "motoring in 
midair." Tom Davies is the world's cham- 
pion cyclist and the sensation which he and 
his female assistants perform is simply 
astounding. They have a saucer-like struc- 
ture of strapped lathes and encircling it with 
dizzy rapidity they pass and repass each other 
until their red, white, and blue costumes sug- 
gest the prismatic changes of a revolving top. 
Martinettie and Sylvester, who style them- 
selves "the boys with the chairs," are also 
new to us. They are exceptionally clever 
tumblers and amusing comedians. With this 
programme Katie Barry, La Vine Cimaron 
Trio, Fred Singer, Barry and Hughes, and 
that splendid actor, William H. Thompson, 
and his company will close their season here. 
A new series of motion pictures will termi- 
nate the performance. 

The attractions at the Princess for next 
week will be a double bill consisting of the 
two-act musical melange, "The Bridal Trap," 
and the travesty on the Conried-Hammerstein 
grand opera war, "The Song Birds." "The 
Bridal Trap" is the musical composition of 
Edmond Audran and the text is the work of 
" Sydney Rosenfeld. Its action takes place dur- 
ing the period of the regency in France at a 
picturesque village near Orleans. It tells a 
pretty story set to sparkling music of a lord 
of high degree who loved a lowly peasant girl 
and sought to wed her despite the opposition 
of friends and relatives and who successfully 
baffled their schemes and won the maiden of 
his choice. The cast will be an excellent one 
and will introduce to the audiences of this 
theatre Evelyn Frances Kellogg, a prima 
donna of great Eastern renown, who will ap- 
pear as the heroine, Rosette, the village belle. 
Zoe Barnett will be cast as another rustic 
beauty, while Sarah Edwards will have im- 
pressive and dignified opportunity as the Mar- 
quise de la Haute. Arthur Cunningham will 
be in his element as Andre, Count de Flagi- 
nac, and the remaining characters will be 
allotted as follows : Gavandan, Frank Farring- 
ton ; Martial, Oscar C. Apf el ; Bel-Agur, cap- 
tain of the patrol, Robert Z. Leonard ; Lance- 
lot, Maybelle Baker ; Marcelin, Grizella Kings- 
land ; Theodule, Gertrude Alzora ; Arnold, 
Edna Carpenter. In "The Song Birds" Wil- 
liam Burress will repeat a great triumph as 
Oscar Hammershine, while Miss Kellogg will 
appear as Mme. Tappletalezini, and Monsieur 
La Vigne as Alessandro Bouncey. Oliver La 
Noir will be Eddie de Rest Cure, Charles E. 
Couture, Robinson Caruso ; Arthur Cunning- 
ham, Peter Pantson, and Sarah Edwards as 
Emma Screams. The remaining roles will be 
suitably cast. The run of "The Bridal Trap" 
and "The Song Birds" will be limited to one 
week. "It Happened in Nordland" will be 
played for the last time this Sunday night. 

The Henry Miller Associate Players, who 
have come across the continent direct from 
the Savoy Theatre, New York, to present 
"The Servant in the House," arrived Thursday. 
They include Tyrone Power, Walter Hamp- 
den, Galwiy Herbert, Edmund Kennedy, Ar- 
thur Lewis, Gladys Wynne, and Edith Wynne 
I ■'• '-utilise -. of "Everyman" fame. The author, 
arles iann Kennedy, will accompany these 
:is. The seat' sale will begin at the Van 
th • morning and there is every indica- 
bat 'his curious attraction will prove to 
:,e of the great sensations of the year in 
city. Its Eastern hit has been nothing 

short of phenomenal, and that Mr. Miller, in 
his special feeling for San Francisco audi- 
ences, should have decided to bring this piece 
from coast to coast while its New York run 
was still at its zenith adds redoubled interest 
to the event. A new company will in a few 
weeks take up the interrupted New York run, 
while this original cast will go to Chicago to 
begin its engagement there. Matinees will be 
given at the Van Ness on Wednesdays and 

"The Great Divide" will be presented for 
the last time this Saturday night at the Van 
Ness Theatre by Henry Miller and his com- 

During the remainder of the Henry Miller 
season at the Van Ness Theatre matinees are 
to be given on Wednesdays and Saturdays in 
order to meet the inquiry for afternoon per- 
formances from people out of town who wish 
to take advantage of the Miller offerings. 

Isabel Irving will have a really fine role in 
the Percy Mackaye comedy, "Mater," which 
Henry Miller will stage at the Van Ness 
Theatre two weeks hence. 


Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip. 
Two very attractive anthologies are "Poems 
for Travelers" and "The Poetic Old World," 
which Messrs. Henry Holt & Co. will issue on 
the ISth. The former is compiled by Mary R. 
J. Dubois, and covers the Continent in some 
three hundred poems. The latter, compiled by 
Miss Lucy H. Humphrey, covers Europe, in- 
cluding Spain and the British Isles, in some 
two hundred poems, some thirty of which, not 
originally written in English, are given both in 
the original and in translation. The volumes 
are in the same general style as the popular 
"The Open Road" and "The Friendly Town" 
compiled by E. V. Lucas. 

For the first time an authoritative and com- 
plete description of the Bohemian Club Mid- 
summer Jinks is to appear in print. With the 
permission of the club, Mr. Porter Garnett has 
written and will shortly publish an exhaustive 
treatise on the forest plays presented by the 
Bohemians in their redwood grove on the Rus- 
sian River. The volume deals with the set- 
ting, history, and development, origin and 
analogies- — the relation of the plays to other 
forms of stage art, particularly the Eliza- 
bethan masque — and synopses of seven grove 
plays, including that of 1908, which is to be 
given August 8. There are to be twenty-four 
full-page illustrations, depicting every phase 
of the Bohemian encampment, and an appen- 
dix consisting of a chronological list of all 
jinks since 1872, with their titles and the 
names of their sires and musical directors. 

Of interest to booksellers and bookbuyers 
alike is the announcement by the publishers of 
Louisa M. Alcott's works of a special edition, 
limited to 100,000 copies, of her most beloved 
story, "Little Women," at a popular price. 
During the life of the author, Frank T. Mer- 
rill, one of the best known of book illustrators, 
made over two hundred drawings for the 
book. These illustrations appeared, together 
with a picture of the home of ' 'Little 
Women," in a handsome edition originally 
published at $5, and it is this edition 
which Little, Brown & Co. will reissue early 
in July, with an attractive new cover design, 
at a low price. 

Although Mr. Gillette's delicious impersona- 
tion of "The Private Secretary" has been ab- 
sent from the American stage for some years, 
the German version of the comedy. Von 
Moser's "Der Bibliothekar," is read annually 
by American students in hundreds of colleges 
and schools. Its popularity, in fact, seems to 
be growing, and to meet the demand for a 
good edition for class use, Professor H. A. 
Farr of Yale University has prepared a vocab- 
ulary edition which will soon be published by 
Messrs. Henry Holt & Co. 

Mrs. Emily E. Woodley, who was said to 
be the only woman ever regularly commis- 
sioned as an officer in the United States army, 
died the other day in Philadelphia at the age 
of seventy-three. She was the last of the 
thirty-five young women from Philadelphia 
who enlisted as nurses in the Civil War. She 
was a widow of twenty-six when she offered 
her services as a nurse in 1861, and for her 
bravery and good work President Lincoln con- 
ferred on her a commission as captain in the 
army. She was later decorated with a gold 
medal by Secretary of War Stanton. For a 
number of years she was president of the 
National Association of Army Nurses of the 
Civil War, which she organized, and was the 
only woman member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic. 

— *•* — ■ — - — 

At last the sheath gown has a defender, 
by inference, at least. Mrs. Daniel Kneffler, 
president of the St. Louis branch of the 
Women's Trade Union League, denounces the 
rustle of the silk petticoat as a menace to 
feminine morals. The latest fashion, wher- 
ever adopted, compels the discarding of 
swishy lingerie that has so long delighted the 
heart of woman and tantalized the ear of the 
sterner sex. Now there is a prospect that the 
much-discussed directoire costume may win 
moral approval. 


Sailor's Song. 
When the good ship plows through the crested 

And the salt breeze follows fast, 
When the straining cordage creaks and groans 

In the van of the bellowing blast, 
Then up! my boys, and all on deck! 

No land upon our lee! 
While beneath we feel our quivering keel, 
We'll hurrah for the life at sea, Yo Ho! 

For the sailor's life at sea. 

Oh, what can the landsman know 

Of the life on the roaring main, 
When the stiff nor'easters blow 

O'er the miles of our watery plain? 
For him is the blazing hearth, 

And his child upon his knee; 
But the sailor's home 
Is the ocean foam, 
And the salt and the swell of the sea, Yo Ho! 

For the salt and the swell of the sea. 

Oh, the sea is the sailor's love. 

For her the storms we brave; 
And who would a coward prove 

When the winds and the waters rave? 
Then up! my lads, and all on deck! 

No land upon our lee! 
While beneath we feel our quivering keel, 
We'll hurrah for the life at sea, Yo Ho! 

For the sailor's life at sea. 

— The Tuftonian. 

When You Are Old. 

When you are old, and I am passed away — 
Passed, and your face, your golden face, is gray — 
I think, whate'er the end, this dream of mine, 
Comforting you, a friendly star will shine 
Down the dim slope where still you stumble and 
So may it be; that no dead yesterday, 
No sad-eyed ghost, but generous and gay. 
May serve you memories like almighty wine, 
When you are old. 

Dear heart, it shall be so. Under the sway 

Of death the past's enormous disarray 

Lies hushed and dark. Yet though there come no 

Live on well pleased; immortal and divine, 
Love shall still tend you, as God's angels may, 
When you are old. 

— William Ernest Henley. 

A Summer Love Song. 
Dews of the morning and stars of the night, 
Sunsets of gold and noon's dazzling bright, 
Billowy clouds against heavens of blue, 
Sunlight and starlight and gladness and you. 

Waters that ripple and forests a-swing, 
Star-gleaming insects and birds on the wing, 
Soft breezes blow from horizons of blue, 
Wind-song and brook-song and bird-song and you. 

Roses of crimson and lilies of white, 
Bloom-burdened gardens all fragrant and bright, 
Bees that go buzzing the scented beds through. 
Beauty and brightness and sweetness and you. 

Thoughts full of gladness and hopes that aspire, 
Thoughts that cling round you with eager desire, 
Love that is ardent and changeless and true, 
Turning to, longing for, pleading with you. 

— E. E. Miller, in the Bohemian Magazine. 

The Defeated. 

Because it was good to be fighting, to put forth 

my strength, 
To endeavor myself to the utmost, the failure at 

Is never less bitter and hard, or lighter to bear 
Because all the glorious memories of battle I 

With the victors who pass me on horseback (good 

fellows who won!) 
With stern, ardent faces fixed forward and front- 
ing the sun. 
No, failure is comfortless, arid. When battle 

Is joined I shall fight all the harder — at last not 

in vain! 
Though my courage was solid and speckless, my 

arm good before, 
This pure bitterness strengthens and betters me; 

no failure more! 
At last I shall win, and that victory .pure shall 

All the mighty lost effort and hope, all the dis- 
approved dream. 
And out of the depths of my knowledge of bitter 

I shall know to the utmost that minute how 

triumph is sweet. 

— S. H. Kemper, in Metropolitan Magazine. 

King Edward has recently shown that he 
takes interest in every phase of his people's 
life by the announcement that he has ap- 
proved a special order of merit for cricketers 
who achieve the highest ambition of all 
cricketers — selection to represent England 
against other countries. The "badge to be 
worn on a dark blue cap" will in the future 
hall-mark the international cricketer, and it 
will be made the object of strenuous en- 


The cigarette did not reach England until 
after the Crimean War, in which the English 
officers adopted it from the Turks and Rus- 
sians. Many people give Pellegrini, the 
"Ape" of "Vanity Fair," the credit of intro- 
ducing the cigarette into England, and, at 
any rate, his example did much to popularize 

England has just been mobilizing her war- 
ships in home waters, contriving to muster a 
total of 301 ships with an aggregate comple- 
ment of 68,000 officers and men. In the face 
of these figures the parade of our Atlantic 
Fleet does not appear quite so imposing. 

Hosiery Sale 

Standard 50c values 

Now on sale 3 pr. for $1.00 

Silk — Lisles — Cottons — 

Split Foots — Macos — all 


Gantner & Mattern Co. 

Cor. Van Ness and Calif. St. 

Hosiery Specialists 



A Boarding and Day School for Girls 

Miss Hamlin announces the reopening of the 
school August 10. It is accredited by the Cali- 
fornia Universities and by Eastern colleges. 
Advanced courses of study are offered to High 
School graduates and to those who have left 
school, with lectures by professors from the 
University of California and elsewhere. There 
are also special courses and those leading to a 
school diploma. 

Classes in Instrumental and Vocal Music and 
in Drawing and Painting are formed and facili- 
ties are given for Horseback Riding, Lawn Ten- 
nis, Basket Ball, etc. For particulars address 
2230 Pacific Ave.. San Francisco. 

Irving Institute and Conservatory of Music 

Boarding and Day School for Girls 

2126 California St., San Francisco 

Music, languages, art, elocution. Primary, 
grammar, high school, and advanced grades- 
Accredited by the universities. Twenty-ninth 
year. Non-sectarian. New term opens Mon- 
day, August 3. 


Oakland Conservatory of Music 

1170 Madison Street, Oakland, Cal. 

The largest, oldest established, and most 
thoroughly equipped school of genuine musical 
instruction on the Pacific Coast. 

Conducted on the lines of the most noted 
European and Eastern schools. 

Full prospectus on application. 



Palo Alto, Cal. 

Prepares boys for the universities or busi- 
ness life. Ample grounds. Three buildings. 
Illus. catalogue. 16th vear. Opens Aug. 24. 
J. LEROY DIXON, Principal. 


Boarding and Day School for Boys 
2207 Dwight Way, Berkeley, Cal. 

Fall term opens August 24 
J. H. WHITE, Principal 


Girls' boarding and day school. Certificate 
admits to University of California, Stanford, 
and Eastern colleges. Opens August 10. Su- 
perb location. Outdoor life. 


Only Woman's College on Pacific Coast. Offers 
same advantages as best Eastern institutions. Full 
Collegiate course. Degrees conferred. For three 
years only, the three upper classes of the Seminary 
Department, offering preparation for Mills College, 
the Universities and Eastern Colleges, will be con- 
tinued. (Accredited.) Special opportunities in 
Domestic Science, Music and Art. Earnest Chris- 
tian influences; non-sectarian; all forms of health- 
ful outdoor amusements. Ideal location in beauti- 
ful Oakland hills. Fall term begins August 12, 
1908. For Catalog and Brochure of views address, 

His, C. T. HILLS, President, Hills College P. 0., California 

Miss Harker's School 

Home and Day School for Girls. Certificate 

admits to College. Excellent Departments in 

Music and Art. New building, thoroughly mod- 
ern, steam heated. Address, 

MISS HARKER, Palo Alto, Cal. 


Twenty minutes from Philadelphia, two hours 
from New York. The late Mr. Jay Cooke's fine 
property. Miss Sylvia J. Eastman, Miss Abby A. 
Sutherland, Principals. 


College Preparatory Boarding School for Boys 

Small classes. Individual attention. Gym- 
nasium, quarter-mile track, athletic fields and ten- 
nis courts. Especially healthful location, an hour 
from New York. 

F. C. WOODMAN, Headmaster. 


Palo Alto, Cal. 

Home and day school for girls. University pre- 
paratory. Outdoor physical training a special fea- 
ture. Opens August 24. Illustrated catalogue. 

MISS MARY I. LOCKEY, A. B., Principal. 


Golden Gate Kindergarten Association 

(Accredited by State Board of Education) 



Address: 1844 Polk Street 


The best and strongest Garden Hose. 

Guaranteed to stand 700 lbs. pressure. 

Try it and be convinced. 


R. H. PEASE, President 

587, 589, 591 Market St. at Second St. 


uly 18, 1908. 




By Josephine Hart Phelps. 

What dire punishments often fall upon 
outh for pardonably committing the mistakes 
ue to ignorance of life! In "The Great Di- 
ide" Ruth Jordan rejected the love of a good 
lan because he was perfectly safe to tie to. 
f he had been addicted to the morphine 
abit, or was a professional gambler, or had 
ad reprehensible past adventures with two 
r three wives, or was dimly suspected of 
eing an embezzler, Ruth would have probably 
ejected him lingeringly, reluctantly, and with 

backward look, or not at all. But he was, 
a the eyes of romantic girlhood, too tamely 
;ood to appeal to the young imagination, 
tfhich, in such case, requires a background of 
nteresting and romantic dissipation of some 
and, and a foreground of noble reformation, 
tue to the regenerating influence of the fair 
[reamer of maiden's dreams. 

So Ruth Jordan was proof against the pure 
ind manly love of the poor doctor, who, if she 
lad accepted him, would never have left her, 
vhile in the first flush of love's possession, to 
ace alone the possible perils of a night of 
iolitude at the ranch house. 

But in such a case the play would never 
lave been written, and we would never have 
>een thrilled to the marrow of our bones by 
he tremendous scene in the second act, which 
las furnished the subject for so many discus- 
sions during the past two weeks. 

I have often, when occupying any of the 
ieats under over-hanging balconies, noticed 
w w we are obliged actually to grope our way 
nto adequate comprehension of a play which, 
aeing cast in one's own language, is, pre- 
sumably, perfectly comprehensible. A drama- 
:ist, knowing well how closely the minutest 
iction on the stage is scrutinized, will often, 
is we all know, cause important consequences 
to hinge on such apparently trifling happen- 
ings as a dropped handkerchief, a misplaced 
letter, or a door left ajar. Mr. Moody has 
shown the greatest skill in the technical 
nanipulation of his great scene, which is full 
}f just such carefully considered minutiae, 
DUt when it is all over, and the curtain has 
fallen, I fear that he would suffer acute 
:hagrin if he could hear the ensuing conversa- 
ion from the hopeless spectators under, and, 
ndeed, sometimes over, the sound-muffling 

Says A to B, or C to D, or E to F, as the 
:ase may be, after the first outbreak of ex- 
:ited comment over the scene of the act : 
Didn't you understand that Stephen Ghent 
iought off the two Mexicans?" 

B — Mexicans? Were they Mexicans? Why, 
1 thought they were all three Americans. 
They seemed to be. 

A (doubtfully) — Le's see the programme, 
lere it is. These two chaps must be the ones 
-Dutch and Pedro. I didn't hear the names, 
ut Dutch is probably the tall fellow. He 
mst be a Dutchman, and not a Mexican. 
Veil, the point is, since Ghent bought them 
ff, what was the row about outside ? 
B — Why, I didn't catch all that was said. 
a fact, I lost a good deal. I didn't know 
■hy they got out their shooting-irons outside, 
fter their financial settlement inside, and 
>ts of other things got me off the track. For 
istance, why did Ghent say to Pedro, "Leave 
/erything on the table as it is" ? 
A — That stumped me, too. (Meditates.) 

II tell you. They fixed it up, you know, 
hent and the girl, that their flitting was to 
■em like an elopement, and he wanted every- 
ing in the room to look just as usual — to 
iow no signs of a scrimmage. 

B — No, that won't do. That deal came 
terwards. Don't you remember that they 
id been throwing dice ? Ghent cheated, you 
iow, so as to get the girl. 
A~ Cheated ? Why, I didn't take that in ? 
B (confidently) — Yes, he produced one from 
his sleeve, and doctored the deal. It might 
ve had something to do with the dice- 
rowing, but what he meant about the things 
the table gets me. 
A — That reminds me that I didn't twig 
len Ghent tackled the lock of the door with 
lammer ! What was he up to ? 
B (thoughtlessly) — He was smashing it, of 

A — No you don't! They smashed it when 
:y broke in. 

[They fall into an animated argument from 
ich they emerge with the hardly-won theory 
it the lock of the door was being repaired 
I order to lend color to the idea of an elope- 
1 nt. Calmed by this conjecture, they aban- 
1 i this subject to go to the more congenial 
*. t of Polly Jordan's charms.] 

A — Me for Polly! What's the matter with 
Sawbones that he chose the other one? 

B — Why, you wild man of the woods, who 
do you suppose Polly is? 

A (flippantly) — Old man Jordan's darter, 
aint she? Name of Jordan? 

B — That's just what she aint. (Crushingly. 
in a tone of superior knowledge.) She is 
Mrs. Philip Jordan. 

A — And who the dickens is Phil — (looking 
at his programme). Oh! The deuce you 
say! (disapprovingly). You don't mean to 
tell me that that jolly little girl is the wife of 
old grumpy? 

B — That's just what ! But she got sick of 
the whole outfit, and was heading for Yankee- 

A — Well, well. I thought she was the frivo- 
lous sister, or the visiting cousin, or some- 
thing on that order. I really wonder at her 

B — You see she had the sense to light out. 
By the way, was Ghent inviting the girl to 
kill him, or herself, when he left his pistol 
so handy? 

A — It was a case of you pays your money 
and you takes your choice. 
B — Great scene, wasn't it ? 
A — Great. 

[Curtain goes up. At the end of the second 
act, A and B turn to each other, charged to 
the muzzle with questions.] 

A — You're right, old man. Pretty Polly is 
Grurapy's bride. But if you hadn't told me, 
I'd have thought she had been school-teaching 
there in Arizona, and had nabbed Jordan in 
the interim. Lots of things are hard to un- 
derstand in a play, though. Now where the 
deuce did that same string of nuggets turn up 

B — That's just what I was going to ask 
you. Seems to me that players swallow half 
their words, nowadays, with their gosh-durned 

A — The realism's all right. But I'll take it 
in the third row, thank you. And the next 
time you get seats back here, you can have 
mine for your seventeenth best girl. About 
that nugget-necklace, Ruthie mumbled some- 
thing concerning a Mexican on the trail who 
seemed to be mixed up with it. 

B (animatedly) — That so ? I didn't catch 
that, but I heard something about her buying 
something with the proceeds of something that 
she made. 

A — After that, I think we'd better go out 
and have one more something. 

[Exeunt. Curtain rises as both reappear 
pocketing their handkerchiefs and looking re- 
freshed. In the third act there is too much 
talk and too little action to suit men, and 
both relax their ear-strain, especially as the 
players suddenly become quite intelligible.] 

A (listening disapprovingly to Stephen's 
colloquy with his mother-in-law) — What a lot 
of gab. Now that I don't care so much, I can 
hear every word. 

B — What a bum bow Steve is making to the 
old lady! What's the matter with Henery? 

A — Why, you duffer, that's a fine point in 
acting. Awkward frontiersman, etc. 

B (unconvinced) — Well, I don't like it any 

better than I like his fit of weeps at the end 

of the second act. He's piled it on too thick. 

[Both remain silent until affairs are wound 


A (as curtain falls) — Of course she gives 
in. Girls always do. But I don't envy him. 
I'd just as soon be married to an ice-pick. 
Come along and get some of the fellows to 
settle all those first-act conundrums. 

[Exeunt, surrounded by murmurs of 
"Wasn't it grand!" "Great!" "I don't like 
her." "She's fine." "He's splendid !" "Never 
did care for Miller." "What a queer play." 
"Did you hear such and such?" "Can you tell 
me what so and so said when — " etc. "I lost 
half of it." 'Why I heard everything." 

"Isn't she pretty?" "Isn't she plain?" "Isn't 
he fat?" "I don't see that he's gained such 
an awful lot." "Miller looks as young as 
ever." "Miller looks ten years older." 

Since I've seen the play I have had an 
opportunity to test the realism of part of the 
first act, having talked with an Arizona ranch- 
woman, young, comely, of unusually bright j 
and well cultivated mind, and therefore, pre- ! 
sumably, of inconveniently susceptible imag- 
ination, who has many a time and oft spent 
a solitary night at her ranch on the lonely 
plain, five miles distant from neighbors, when 
imperative circumstances compelled her hus- 
band to be away. 

The first occasion came finding her entirely 
unprepared. Her two women servants, sis- 
ters, were called away by sickness in the 
family. She found herself unexpectedly alone. 
She at once turned with a sort of relief to 
caring for her horse — she had just returned 
to the ranch after a lengthy absence — and did 
other tasks while resolutely chasing away 
thoughts of the imminent solitude of night. 
Remembering how, in the dark, the desert 
levels swallow up the outlines of a house, she 
dispatched her evening meal before the neces- 
sity for using betraying lights arose. When 
bedtime came, and she lay down with the 
night before her, she said to herself, "I must 
drive away all thought of fear, or I will lie 
awake." Her next coherent thought was a 
sudden recognition of the morning sunshine. 
The night had gone like a breath, "the warm 
precincts of the cheerful day" had come, and 
her experience was peacefully repeated for 
forty odd nights before her husband, learning 
by pure chance of his plucky wife's solitude, 
returned from carrying out an important busi- 
ness venture elsewhere to break it. 


Reverting to the matter of un intelligibility 
of players, I was this week struck, as with 
the force of contrast, by the cheerful loudness 
of the voices of actors in the vaudeville play- 
lets at the Orpheum, of which there were two 
on the programme. "A Night on a House- 
boat" I do not suppose can be regarded, even 
in the tolerant world of vaudeville, as a play. 
It is what is usually described as a melange, 
a kind of vacuous mixture of chatter and 
tunes, the sort of thing that makes one fold 
one's tent like the Arab, and quietly but firmly 
steal away, which is perhaps why they place 
it last on the bill. 

When I last saw Mr. Fred Bond it was in 
the Daly company. On that occasion he per- 
petrated a tee-hee-ish sort of a kind of an 
idiotic giggle that took with the audience, and 
started echoes. I heard him give that self- 
same vocal giggle at the Orpheum, the other 
day, which shows how mannerisms stick, even 
with the passage of years. 

Mr. Bond's playlet is as silly as the giggle, 
but it, too, took. It has its merits — from the 
vaudeville point of view — and the unashamed 
gusto with which the big, blonde, babyish- 
looking actor plunges into the ocean of 
mother-in-lawed retribution which engulfs the 
chicken-hearted stage son-in-law eventually 
wins hearty laughter and toleration even from 
those who sit in the seat of the scornful. 

The Beane family's playlet is really an ex- 
position, from a humorous point of view, of 
the various symptoms and stages of delirium 
tremens. The authors of vaudeville playlets, as 
you perceive, do not go far afield in the search 
of ideas. Delirium tremens as the subject of 
humorous drama is not any more startlingly 
novel than a mother-in-law. But as Mr. 
Beane is as lively and clever a player as his 
placid matrimonial partner is the reverse, the 
play wins high favor, especially as Baby 
Beane — I couldn't help wondering if the 
Beanes, prompted by the press agent, were 
fooling us, and their parenthood was authen- 
tic — was a most entrancing urchin in his 
night-pajamas and tiny Romeos. 

Out of the Multitude 

that enjoy the Sports on land and water thousands fatigue and 
weary and need the delight of cheer or the comfort of strength. 



for such needs. 


Agents for California and Nevada, 

912-914 Folsom fat., San Francisco, Cal. 


Under the auspices of the Musical and Dramatic Com- 
mittee of the University of California 


the famous 


in fourth 


Admission 25 cents 8 to 10 p. m. 



Absolutely Class A Theatre Building 

Week beginning this Sunday afternoon 

Matinee Every Day 


A — FORDS — 4, World's Greatest Dancing 
Quartette; TOM DAVIES TRIO, in their 
astounding act, "Whirling the Whirl"; MAR- 
pheum Motion Pictures; Last Week WM. H. 
THOMPSON and Company, in "For Love's 
Sweet Sake." 

Evening Prices, 10c, 25c, 50c, 75c. Box 
seats, SI. Matinee prices (except Sundays and 
holidays), 10c, 25c, 50c. Phone, WEST 6000. 


1 S. LOVERICH. Manager 

Class "A" Theatre 

Phone West 663 

Last Two Nights "It Happened in Nordland" 
Eeginning Next Monday Night— One Week 
Only—Grand Double Bill — The 
Musical Melange 
And the travesty on the Conrted-Hammerstein 
grand opera war 
WILLIAM BURRESS as Oscar Hammershine 
First Appearance EVELYN FRANCES 
KELLOGG. Arthur Cunningham and all the 
Princess favorites in the cast. 


*' BE 

AITA7AR thea™ 

BELASC0 & MAYER, Owners and Managers 
Corner Sutter and Steiner Sts. Absolute Class "A" bide. 

Seventy-First Week of the Alcazar Stock Co. 


Supported by the Alcazar Players, in Justin 

Huntley McCarthy's romantic 



A Great Scenic Production 
Prices: Evenings, 25c to $1. Matinees (Satur- 
day and Sundav), 25c to 50c 
Mondav, Tuly 27— MR. WHITTLESEY in 



and Grove SU 

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Weeks of July 20th and 27th. Nightly except 


Matinees Wednesdays and Saturdays 

Direct from the Savoy* Theatre, New York 

The Henry Miller Associate Players 

Edith Wynne Matthison, Walter Hampden, 

Tyrone Power, Gladys Wynne, Edmund 

Kennedy, Galwey Herbert, Arthur 

Lewis, in the unique play 


By Charles Rann Kennedy 

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Certified Public Accountant 


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San Francisco. 



July 18, 1908. 


London always sees a rush of fashionable 
weddings between the end of Lent and the 
beginning of May. It is a_ little hard to un- I 
derstand why we must not be married in Lent i 
and it is still harder to understand why May 
should be unlucky. In a manner of speaking, 
all months are unlucky so far as weddings 
are concerned, on the same general principle 
that made a certain man avoid rice for the 
rest of his life on the ground that it was in- 
dissolubly associated with the one tragic and 
overshadowing incident of his career. But it 
is no use asking fashionable people for whys 
and wherefores. Lent and the month of May 
must be avoided, and as a result the inter- 
vening ten days are so overcrowded with 
events that even the society scribe has to 
curtail his raptures in order to get them 
within the stern limits of the newspaper 

What do these weddings cost ? Not, it 
seems, a very great deal, if we exclude such 
elastic items as trousseau and presents. 
There is naturally no limit to the amounts 
that can be expended in finery"- jewels, and 
testimonials of affection and good will, but 
the actual cost of the ceremony is not a large 
one. A full choral service at a fashionable 
London church, with choir, organist, anthem, 
and a boy soloist, can be arranged for about 
$50. Then there are the church arrange- 
ments, including police, carpets, awning, 
verger's fees, etc., which will cost about $30 
more. The clergyman will be quite satisfied 
with a fee of $50, and if we estimate about 
$100 for floral decorations and a small sum 
for sundries we shall still be well within 

Of course there are other expenses, while 
the attendance of high church dignitaries 
would mean a corresponding increase of fees. 
Then, again, if the bride should be florally 
inclined she may want to spend a lot more 
than $100. On the other hand, and in view 
of the more substantial and permanent nature 
of the blessings at last within her grasp, she 
may be satisfied with less. 

The main items of expense seem to be at- 
tached to the subsequent reception. . The 
London Daily Mail has been into the matter 
with some care and has prepared a schedule 
of cost which may serve as a warning to 
those who are contemplating a fashionable 
wedding in London. The best of all advice 
is "Don't," but then this, as Punch once 
pointed out. is applicable to all weddings, 
fashionable or otherwise. Here is the esti- 
mate as prepared by the Daily Mail, but it 
can, of course, be modified almost indefi- 
nitely : 

Wedding cake $150 

Caterer's charge for cutting and dispatch- 
ing the cake afterwards to the guests. . . 50 
Refreshments for 150 guests at 5s. per 

head 185 

Marquee, floored, carpeted, lighted, heated, 

with alcove for musicians 150 

Band to play during the reception 50 

Champagne for 150 guests (5 doz. bottles) 110 

Taking charge of presents 10 

Arranging and repacking presents 50 

Flowers for house decoration 75 

Bride's bouquet 25 

Bridesmaids* bouquets 25 

In spite of financial depressions and 
bogeys of this kind, it is a little strange that 
wedding presents have been more expensive 
than usual this year. A prominent London 
jeweler says that people have been buying the 
once more fashionable buhl tortoise shell 
"blotters" at $50, vanishing liqueur tables at 
$100, fitted dressing bags at $500, tiny watches 
set in jewels on rings for wearing outside a 
glove at $100. and watches suspended as 
pendants from pearl set neck chains at $375. 
Evidently the financial stress has not been 
allowed to interfere with these sentimental 
tokens, if, indeed, sentiment has still some- 
thing to do with the giving of presents to 
people for whom we may have very little real 

There will be no startling innovations when 
Mrs. Taft becomes the mistress of the White 
House. There will be no fads to be exploited, 
no reforms to be inflicted under the guise of 
hospitality, no sensational departures from do- 
mestic precedent. Mrs. Taft is not one of 
those women who like to be talked about, and 
her virtues are none the less conspicuous be- 
cause they seek the shade rather than the 

Hospitality with the Taft family has always 
been a matter of spontaneity rather than of 
acquired art. It is of that rare and informal 
kind that sends the visitor away with the 
sense of having given pleasure by his visit. 
For example, Mrs. Taft makes a practice of 
accompanying informal visitors to the front 
door, so that their parting impression may be 
that of the hostess herself. Perhaps it is a 
small thing, but then courtesy is made up of 
small things. Those who are most charmed 
by Mrs. Taft as a hostess might find it a little 
hard to say wherein the charm lies, but its 
xplanation is in fact very simple. Mrs. Taft 
: s more interested in her guests than she is in 
Herself, she would rather hear them talk than 
talk herself, and she has the happy faculty 
that comes only from innate courtesy of find- 
'ng out the mental tendencies of others and 
trying to gratify them. That Mrs. Taft is 
popular with young people is a sure proof of 

her grace of heart She can talk baseball 
with the boys and evening parties with the 
girls, and from their own level. 

Mrs. Taft is not entirely a stranger at the 
White House. Her father was the law part- 
ner of President Hayes, and she spent the 
greater part of each year at the White House, 
although she was of course only a child at the 

The Philadelphia Ledger uses the Piatt di- 
vorce case as a text upon which to preach a 
sermon on the international marriage. The 
case in question is not one to be handled with- 
out gloves, nor, it may be said, without 
vomiting, and perhaps the Ledger does well 
to summarize the proceedings in terms that 
are brief but not unpointed. The Ledger 
says : 

At the age of seventy-five he is defendant in a 
suit which, even as it ended, is plainly disgraceful. 
The senator presents a painful spectacle of hesita- 
tion, of evasion, of tottering senility, with glim- 
merings of a sly and crafty imbecility. His 
nurse attends him and hands him about like a baby, 
and on the brink of the grave he stands a dis- 
grace to manhood and to the American public. 

For the purpose of comparison the Ledger 
cites the case of the Due de Chaulnes, who 
married one of America's rich young women. 
Xow the rule de mortuis is a good and kindly 
one, but we need not, upon that account, keep 
silent as to the Due de Chaulnes. He was 
young and not without his full share of the 
follies of his years, but there was every rea- 
son to believe that his future would have 
made amends for a not well-spent past. At 
least his father-in-law, one of the hardest 
headed business men of America, had con- 
fidence in him. Xow when the marriage was 
celebrated we were treated to the usual cack- 
lings and brayings from the Pharisees of the 
press, with the customary inferences that be- 
cause the Due de Chaulnes was a Frenchman 
therefore France was evidently a dying na- 
tion, there being no instances of foolish 
young men to be found elsewhere. There 
was no recognition of the fact that the duke 
did not represent the French nation, that he 
and all his kind were repudiated by that 
nation, that they were outcasts, hangers-on. 
and incompetents, mere cumberers of the 
ground, despised and rejected by their own 
people. It was enough that the duke was a 
Frenchman and that he had fallen somewhat 
short of those rigid and puritanic virtues, that 
whole-souled devotion to public interests and 
private holinesses that invariably distinguish 
our own gilded youth. Jf ranee had produced 
the Due de Chaulnes and therefore France 
was decadent, effete, and dying. And now 
comes the moral as drawn by the Ledger: 

In our own case the situation is exactly reversed. 
France never elected De Chaulnes to office, but 
we free Americans, in the great, rich, intelligent 
State of New York, under the guidon of a new 
republic, at almost the outset of our glorious 
career, with no evil traditions holding us back, 
with no residuum of the poison of a wrong sys- 
tem in the blood, deliberately choose and elect to 
a position of power and responsibility T. C. Piatt. 
Which nation suffers by the comparison? 

The population of New York is over seven 
millions or nearly one-tenth of the population 
of the United States. To foreign eyes, to 
French eyes, New York City and Xew York 
State stand as representative of the American 
nation. Probably three- fourths of our for- 
eign visitors never see anything else of 
America. And when these seven millions of 
people are called upon to elect a statesman to 
occupy the highest position of legislative 
power and influence within their gift, when 
they are invited to choose their wisest and 
their best in the full light of day and with 
complete knowledge of antecedents and rec- 
ords, their choice falls upon — Thomas Collier 
Piatt. France never did anything like this. 
X'o country has ever done anything like it un- 
less we go back to Judea of old when the 
crowd, with one accord, demanded the release 
unto them of Barabbas. 

It is no longer within the power of the 
King of England to order his adversaries to 
instant execution. Temple Bar is no longer 
decorated with the heads of those who have 
been so unfortunate as to incur the royal dis- 
pleasure, while the headsman's axe has retired 
to an honorable, or dishonorable, desuetude 
in the Tower of London. But it need not be 
imagined that his majesty is thereby deprived 
of all power of offense and defense or that 
he can no longer inflict agony of the most 
excruciating kind upon those who have fallen 
beneath his frown. He can refuse to invite 
them to the Royal Garden Party. 

That is exactly the fate that has befallen 
four unlucky wights of the House of Com- 
mons. There are over six hundred members 
of the house and they were all invited except 
four. The precise reasons for the exclusion 
are wrapped in mystery, but no great skill is 
needed to guess at them. First of all there 
was Keir Hardie, the Socialist and Labor mem- 
ber. The king has certainly no objection to 
Socialists, because there are a great many of 
them in the house, and with this exception 
they were all invited and they duly wore the 
garb of every-day life and the red tie of their 
political faith. Mr. Asquith, by the way, 
often wears a red tie, and so indeed does the 
king himself. But Kier Hardie has made 
himself peculiarly offensive. During his re- 
cent visit to India he talked to the natives of a 
frenzied democracy that is one of the com- 

monplaces of London, but that very nearly 
plunged India into the unthinkable horrors of 
rebellion. Keir Hardie's offense in India was 
not against royalty or against government, but 
against humanity. 

Another of the excluded four was Arthur 
Ponsonby, and Arthur Ponsonby is just as 
much of an aristocrat as Keir Hardie is a 
democrat. Ponsonby was private secretary - to 
the late Campbell-Bannerman and the son of 
Sir Henry Ponsonby. who was secretary to 
Queen Victoria. The wise ones say that he 
was excluded because he protested against the 
visit of the king to the Czar. But for the 
protest that was made in the House of Com- 
mons this ill-starred visit might have passed 

almost unnoticed by the country, which is 
well used to the king's diplomatic wanderings 
and takes little notice of them. Xow the 
king is extraordinarily sensitive to public 
opinion. He hates to be censured, and in 
this case the censure was emphatic. The 
king was practically told and in unmistakable 
words that any recognition of the Czar, any 
show of friendliness for this despicable ruler, 
was an abomination and an affront to the 
people, and although the visit was duly made, 
the king was deeply wounded and probably 
deeply incensed at the immediate cause of 
his discomfiture. If this is not the true rea- 
son for Mr. Ponsonhy's rebuff, there is at 
least no other in sight. 



Old Hickory, 
Willow and 
Prairie Grass 
Furniture for 
Verandas and 
Summer Homes 

Van Ness and Sutter 

Kitchen Specials 

To introduce our new Kitchenware 
Department on the gallery, we will 
offer some extraordinary values in 
genuine Agateware. We now have 
the largest Kitchenware Department 
in the City, filled with a great variety 
of labor-saving devices. 


1520-1550 VAN NESS AVE. 




Atchison, Kas $60.00 

Baltimore, Md 107.50 

Boston, Mass 110.50 

Chicago, 111 72.50 

Council Bluffs, la.. 60.00 

Duluth, Minn 79.50 

Houston, Tex 60.00 

Kansas City, Mo... $60.00 
Leavenworth, Kas.. 60.00 
Memphis, Tenn.... 67.50 

Mineola. Tex 60.00 

Minneapolis, Minn.. 73.50 
Xew Orleans. La... 67.50 
New York, N. Y... 108.50 

On Sale July 21-22-23-28-29. August 17-18-24-25. 

Omaha, Xeb $60.00 

Pacific Junction, la. 60.00 
Philadelphia. Pa . . . 108.50 

Sioux City, la 63.90 

St Joseph, Mo 60.00 

St. Louis, Mo 67.50 

St. Paul, Minn 73.50 

Washington, D. C. . 107.50 

September 15-16. 

Colorado Springs, Colo., $55.00 ; Denver, Colo., $55.00 ; 
On Sale September 14-15. 

Pueblo, Colo., $55.00. 

Montreal, Que., $108.50; Toronto, Canada, $94.40. 
On Sale July 21-22-23-2S-29, August 17-18-24-25. 

Let me make your sleeping-car reservation early and explain details. 

F. W. PRINCE, C. T. A., 673 Market Street 
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July 18, 1908. 



It appeals to particular people 
because it is particularly good 

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CISCO, 108 Sutter Street.— For the half year 
ending June 30, 1908, a dividend has been de- 
clared at the rate of four (4) per cent per an- 
num on all deposits, free of taxes, payable on 
and after Wednesday, July 1, 1908; dividends 
not called for are added to and bear the same 
rate of interest as the principal from July 1. 
1908. CHARLES CARPY, President. 

Montgomery Street, corner Sutter Street. — For 
the half year ending June 30, 1908, a dividend 
has been declared at the rate of 4 per cent per 
annum on all deposits, free of taxes, payable on 
and after Wednesday, July 1, 1908. Dividends 
not called for are added to and bear the same 
rate of interest as the principal from July 1, 
1908. WM. A. BOSTON, Cashier. 

FORNIA, 42 Montgomery Street, corner Sutter. 
— For half year ending June 30, 1908, a divi- 
dend has been declared on all deposits in the 
savings department of this bank at the rate of 
four (4) per cent per annum, payable on and 
after Wednesday, July 1, 1908; dividends not 
called for are added to and bear the same rate 
of interest as the principal from July 1, 1908. 
B. G. TOGNAZZI, Manager. 



WW Bear the script name of lm 

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Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise. 

The prodigal son wrote the old man as fol- 
lows : "I got religion at camp meeting the 
other day. Send me $10." But the old man 
replied: "Religion is free. You got the 
wrong kind." 

The twins were being congratulated upon 
the arrival of a small brother when the 
neighbor inquired, "Well, how did you boys 
like the boy?" "Oh," answered Howard, 
nonchalantly, "we thought it was all right ; 
but mamma would rather have had an auto- 

A Billville jury, slow in arriving at a de- 
cision, and feeling the keen demands of appe- 
tite, sent the following note to the judge : 
"If you don't send us somethin' to eat quick, 
we'll have to find the defendant guilty ; but 
if you'll send us three meals a day we'll stay 
here till he's innocent." 

An Italian went to the civil service com- 
missioners' rooms to be examined for a labor- 
er's position. He answered most of the ques- 
tions correctly. Finally they asked him if he 
had ever been naturalized. He seemed a bit 
puzzled, but at last his face -lighted up. "Ah, 
I know whata you mean. Scratcha de arm. 
Yes, lasta week." 

The lawyer was drawing up Enpeck's will. 
"I hereby bequeath all my property to my 
wife," dictated Enpeck. "Got that down ?" 
"Yes," answered the attorney. "On condi- 
tion," continued Enpeck, "that ■ she marries 
within a year." "But why that condition?" 
asked the man of law. "Because," answered 
the meek and lowly testator, "I want some- 
body to be sorry that I died." 

Mrs. Maloney was before the judge, 
charged with assault on Policeman Casey. 
She had been unusually attentive throughout 
the proceedings, and now the judge was sum- 
ming up the evidence. "The evidence shows, 
Mrs. Maloney," he began, "that you threw a 
stone at Policeman Casey." "It shows more 
than that, yer honor," interrupted Mrs. Ma- 
loney ; "it shows that Oi hit him !" 

A young man had been calling now and 
then on a young lady, when one night, as 
he sat in the parlor waiting for her to come 
down, her mother entered the room instead 
and asked him in a very grave, stern way 
what his intentions were. He turned very 
red and was about to stammer some inco- 
herent reply when suddenly the young lady 
called down from the head of the stairs : 
"Mamma, mamma, that is not the one." 

The crabbed bachelor and the aged spinster 
sat sufferingly in the concert hall. The selec- 
tions were apparently entirely unfamiliar to 
the gentleman ; but when the "Wedding 
March" of Mendelssohn was begun, he pricked 
up his ears. "That sounds familiar," he ex- 
claimed. "I'm not strong on these classical 
pieces, but that's a good 'un. What is it ?" 
The spinster cast down her eyes. "That," she 
told him demurely, "is the 'Maiden's Prayer.' " 

One evening last summer on the farm, a 
little slum child, a country weeker, was en- 
joying his first glimpse of pastoral life. The 
setting sun gilded the grass and flowers of 
the old-fashioned garden, and on a little stool 
he sat, under a tree, bent with its load 
of ripe peaches, beside the cook, who was 
plucking a chicken. He watched that pluck- 
ing operation gravely for some time. Then 
he said : "Do ye take off their clothes every 
night, loidy?" 

Richard Carle, the brilliant actor-playwright, 
discussed polar expeditions at a dinner party 
in New York with a charming young matron 
— Mrs. Asterisk. "As for me," said Mrs. 
Asterisk, "I can not understand why so many 
cultured men are willing to abandon civiliza 
tion and its blessings, and spend a lifetime 
pole-hunting amid the bleak terrors of the 
Cold White North !" Mr. Carle shook his 
blonde head and smiled. "Ah, madam, but 
you must remember," said he, "that all men 
are not blessed with such wives as Mr. 

and I aint influenced by anything the lawyers 
say, nor by what the witnesses say, no, nor 
by what the judge says. I just looks at the 
man in the docks and I says, 'If he aint done 
nothing, why's he there ?' And I brings 'em 
all in guilty." 

An Indianapolis man, wintering in Spain, 
lunched at the monastery of the Benedictines. 
After lunch he took out his cigar case. "I 
don't suppose you object to smoking here?" 
he said to the white-clad monk attendant. 
"Yes, sir, we do," the monk answered. 
"There is a law against smoking in the refec- 
tory." "Then where do all the cigar and 
cigarette stubs come from that I see about 
me?" "From gentlemen who didn't ask about 
the law," the monk replied, mildly. 

Just before the adjournment of Congress, 
Senator Julius Caesar Burrows of Michigan 
and William J. Bryan met in the marble room 
of the Senate at the capitol. "Let me see, 
senator," said the man from Nebraska, with 
a grin, "I believe that you are in favor of 
the election of senators by the direct vote of 
the people?" "Yes," said the statesman from 
the Wolverine State, "I have been in favor of 
it for a number of years." "Well, senator," 
said Mr. Bryan, "it is not often that I find 
myself in accord with a Republican, but I cer- 
tainly agree with you on that proposition." 
"Your approval, Mr. Bryan," said Mr. Bur- 
rows, quickly, "almost makes me doubt the 
wisdom of my course. I guess I'll have to 
look into the matter further!" 


Sad "Words. 
Of all sad words 

These are the worst: 
"Back to the bench! 
You're out on first!" 

— Washington Star, 

A Passing Flame. 
There was an old Miss of Antrim, 
Who looked for the leak with a glim. 
Alack and alas! 
The cause was the gas. 
We will now sing the fifty-fourth hymn. 

—Ralph A. Lyon. 

The Chill that Don't Come Off of Us. 
Full many a man, both young and old, 

Has gone to his sarcophagus 
By pouring water, icy cold, 

Adown his hot esophagus. 

—Dr. H. W. Wiley. 

A Chanson. 

"Tell me a story, pa, tell me a story. 
Tell me of knights and of kings and their glory; 
Tell me of princes out of the fairy-book. 
How does the queen appear? How does the prin- 
cess look?" 
"The queen is as fair as the golden sun, 
The princess is even fairer. 
The prince is a gay young son-of-a-gun, 
And the king — -is a holy terror." 

— The Sphinx. 

The attendant was showing the lunatic asy- 
lum to the visitor, and opened the door to the 
first cell. Inside was a man sitting on a stool 
and gazing vacantly at the wall. "Sad story," 
said the attendant ; "he was in love with a 
girl, but she married another man, and he lost 
his reason in grief." They stole out softly, 
closing the door behind them, and proceeded 
to the next inmate. This cell was thickly 
padded, and the man within was stark, staring 
mad. "Who is this ?" inquired the visitor. 
"This," repeated the attendant, "this is the 
other man." 

A lawyer once asked a man who had at 
various times sat on several juries, "Who in- 
fluenced you most — the lawyers, the witnesses, 
or the judge?" He expected to get some use- 
ful and interesting information from so inex- 
perienced a juryman. This was the man's 
reply: "I tell yer, sir, 'ow I makes up my 
mind. I'm a plain man, and a reasonin' man, 

The Man with the Spade. 

"What are the chickens laughin* for?" said 

Suburbs with a spade. 
"To see you dig, to see you dig," the City Cynic 

"What makes 'em wait, what makes 'em wait?" 

said Suburbs with a spade. 
"They're waitin' for the seed you plant," the City 
Cynic said. 
For they love a country garden, with room to 

scratch and play; 
They hope you'll keep on diggin' and a-rakin' 

clods away, 
An' when you start to plantin' vegetables they'll 
be gay, 
For they're ready to start scratch in' in the 

"What are the roosters crowin' for?" said Suburbs 

with a spade. 
"And hear the hens a-cacklin' !" "Oh, yes!" the 

Cynic said; 
"They're glad to see those packages of seed you 

brought from town, 
An' so they're sendin' tidings of the good times 
up and down!" 
For they know you'll never see 'em when 

another sun shall rise, 
Although it's growin' weather and the summer's 

in the skies; 
It's buying feed for chickens every seed a fellow 
For they're ready to start scratchin' in the 
mornin'! — Bentztown Bard. 

The incumbent of an old church in Wales 
asked a party of Americans to visit his 
parochial school. After a recitation he in- 
vited them to question the scholars, and one 
of the party accepted the invitation. "Little 
boy," said he to a rosy-faced lad, "can you 
tell me who George Washington was?" "Iss, 
surr," was the smiling reply. " 'E was a 
'Merican gen'ral." "Quite right. And can 
you tell me what George Washington was re- 
markable for?" "Iss, sur. 'E was remark- 
able 'cos 'e was a 'Merican an' told the 

"Poor man! Have you always been blind?" 
"No, mum," answered Tired Tiffins unthink- 
ingly. "Last week I wuz lame, but dere 
wuzn't enuff in it." — New York Globe. 

A. Hirschman. 

For fine jewelry and silverware. 
Van Ness Avenue. 

Savings Bank 


San Francisco, Cal. 

Authorized Capital - $1,000,000.00 
Paid-up Capital - - 500,000.00 

Surplus and Undivided Profits 313,000.00 



Per Annum 

Interest at the Rate of 4 per cent, per annum 

was paid on Deposits for Six Months 

ending June 30, 1908 


Wm. Babcock, S. L. Abbot, O. D. Baldwin, 
Joseph D. Grant, E. J. McCutchen. L. F. Mon- 
teagle. R. H. Pease, Warren D. Clark, Jas. L. 
Flood, Fred W. Ray, J. A. Donohoe, Jacob 


rench Savings 


The French Savings Bank Building, 108-110 
Sutter Street. 


occupies offices in the same building. 

Officers — Charles Carpy, President; Arthur 
Legallet, Vice-President; Leon Bocqueraz, Vice- 
President; Alphonse Bousquet, Secretary. 

Directors — J. E. Artigues, O. Bozio, J. A. 
Bergerot, John Ginty, J. M. Dupas, J. S. 
Godeau, N. C. Babin, George Belaney, H. de 
St. Seine. 

Safe Deposit Boxes for Rent 

The German Savings and Loan Society 

526 California St., San Francisco 

Guaranteed Capital $ 1,200,000.00 

Capital actually paid up in cash. 1,000,000.00 
Reserve and Contingent Funds.. 1,453,983.62 

Deposits June 30, 1908 34,474,554.23 

Total Assets 37,055,263.31 

OFFICERS— President, N. Ohlandt; First 
Vice-President, Daniel Meyer; Second Vice- 
President, Emil Rohte; Cashier, A. H. R. 
Schmidt; Assistant Cashier, William Herr- 
mann ; Secretary, George Tourny ; Assistant 
Secretary, A. H. Muller; Good fellow & Eells, 
General Attorneys. 

l_aniel Mever, Emil Rohte, Ign. Steinhart, I. 
N. Walter, J. W. Van Bergen, F. Tillmann, Jr., 
E. T. Kruse, and W. S. Goodfellow. 

7^ The National Bank ROLL OF HONOR 

The title " Roll of Honor National 
Bank " is a distinction of which any 
financial institution in the United States 
may be proud. As is well known a 
Roll of Honor Bank " is one possess- 
ing surplus and profits in excess of cap- 
ital. A place on the Roll of Honor can 
not be bought, it must be earned. 

This bank has for a long time been known as a " Roll of 

Honor Bank " among banks and bankers. 



A. W. Naylor. Prti. F. M. Wilson. VUt-Prit. 
F. L. Naylor. Cathiir. F. C. Mortimer Ash. Cathiir. 


United States Depositary 
Rcrkeley, Cal. 
Directors — George P. Baxter, Pres. ; J. W. 
Richards, Vice- Pres. ; Benjamin liangs, Vice- 
Pres. ; Louis Titus, Dr. Thomas Addison, A. G. 
Freeman, Duncan McDutne. Perry T. Tomp- 
kins, F. L. Lipman. W. T. Hotchkiss, and Whit- 
ney Palache. P. H. ATKINSON, Cashier. 

Connecticut Fire Insurance Company 

Established 1850 


Total Assets $5,SI7.4.M 

Surplus to Policy-Holders... 2,118,394 


Manager Pacific Department 


Sun Francisco 



U. S. Assets $2,493,154 

" Surplus 483,989 

1004 merchants' exchange 
J. J. Kenny, W. L. VV. Miller, 

Manager Assistant Manager 

S. F. and North Pacific 5% 
Market St. 1st Con. 5% 
Cal. Central Gas and El. 5% 
Sacramento El. Gas and Ry. 5% 




We have a Direct Wire to N. Y. 


July 18. 1908. 


Notes and Gossip. 
A chronicle of the social happenings during 
the past week in the cities on and around the 
Bay ot San Francisco will be found" in the 
following department: 

With the departure of the fleet from Pa- 
cific waters has closed a notable epoch in our 
social history. Dinners and receptions on 
board the battleships were a new form of 
entertainment that brought with them the zest 
of over-seas and put the keen edge of novelty 
on even simple phases of naval hospitality. 
Now, however, brass buttons and epaulets 
must fade into sweet memories, while the 
every-day tennis flannels and golf sweaters 
resume their old places of importance. Many 
of the well-known San Francisco families who 
have remained in town or at near-by resorts 
in order to dispense the hospitality of their 
homes to officer friends and their families are 
now closing their houses and preparing for 
the remainder of the summer in the country. 

Mrs. George Halsey Meigs has announced 
the engagement of her daughter, Miss Lucille 
Meigs, to Lieutenant- Commander L. C. Ber- 
tolette, executive officer of the U. S. S. Ver- 

Mr. and Mrs. George Aimer Xewhall enter- 
tained a number of friends at dinner at the 
Burlingame Country Club last week. Their 
guests were Mr. and Mrs. Mountford Wilson, 
Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Irving Scott, Mr. and 
Mrs. Norris Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Henry T. 
Seott, Mrs. Joseph B. Crockett, Mrs. Walter 
S. Martin, Miss Emily Carolan, Mr. Samuel 
Knight, Mr. Gordon Armsby, and Mr. Ray- 
mond Armsby. 

Last Sunday Lieutenant D. A. Weaver en- 
tertained a number of friends at a luncheon 
on board the U. S. S. flagship Connecticut, his 
guests being Rear-Admiral and Mrs. C. S. 
Sperry, Miss Helen Sullivan, Mrs. F. T. 
Amweg, Lieutenant-Commander R. McLean, 
and Lieutenant-Commander S. F. Fullinwider. 

Mrs. Andrew Welch was hostess at a lunch- 
eon at the Burlingame Club given in honor of 
Miss Sara Drum, whose engagement to Mr. 
John Gill of Redlands has recently been an- 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward Pringle entertained 
at dinner recently. Among their guests were 
Mr. and Mrs. George Aimer Newhall, Mr. and 
Mrs. Lawrence Irving Scott, and Mr. Sidney 

Captain and Mrs. William H. Tobin gave a 
theatre party and supper last week in honor 
of Mr. John Ruckman. son of Major Ruck- 
man, entertaining Miss Marie Lundeen, Miss 
Marjorie Ruckman, Miss Virginia Tobin, Miss 
Dickenson, and Mr. Howard Tobin. 

Mrs. Eleanor Martin gave a luncheon at the 
Fairmont last week in honor of Mrs. Margue- 
rite Le Breton and Miss Le Breton, who are 
soon to sail for Honolulu. Among the other 
guests were Mrs. Isaac L. Requa, Mrs, A. N. 
Towne. Miss Florence Breckenridge, and Mrs. 
Fred Sharon. 

Lieutenant W. F. Bevan, United States Ma- 
rine Corps, was host at a charming dinner on 
board the U. S. S. New Jersey last Sunday 
evening. Mrs. Amweg chaperoned the party, 
consisting of Miss Clarisse Lyons, Miss Ethel 
Pippy, Miss Ethel Amweg, and others. 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Breese gave an in- 
formal dinner at their home in Menlo Park 
recently, their guests being Mr. and Mrs. 
Harry Poett. Mr. and Mrs. Xorris Davis, and 
Mr. Frank Owen. 

The officers and ladies of the Presidio are 
planning another of their delightful informal 
hops for the 18th of July, to be given at the 
Officers' Club. 

Lieutenant - Commander Thompkins and 
other of the officers of the L". S. S. West Vir- 
ginia gave a launch party Friday to a number 
of their friends from Mare Island and this 
side of the bay. 

Captain and Mrs. E. F. Qualtrough were the 
guests of honor at a dinner given at the Fair- 
mont before the sailing of the fleet. Mr. and 
Mrs. George T. Mayre, Jr.. who recently ar- 
rived from Washington, D. C., were their 

Movements and "Whereabouts. 

Annexed will be found a resume of move- 
ments to and from this city and Coast and of 
the whereabouts of absent Californians : 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Weatherbee are plan- 
ning a month's outing in the Tahoe region. 

Rear-Admiral and Mrs. Richardson Clover 
and their daughters are planning to spend 
the summer at their country place in the Napa 

Mr. and Mrs. James Carolan have taken the 
Francis Carolan house at Burlingame for the 

Rev. and Mrs. Bradford Leavitt and Miss 
Helen Leavitt are in the Tahoe region for the 

Miss Patricia Cosgrave is visiting Mrs. 
Henry Winship at Ross Valley. 

Mrs. Oscar Fitzallon Long has returned to 
her home in Piedmont. 

Mrs. Albert Gerberding and her little 
daughter Beatrice have returned home, after 
several years' residence in England. 

Mrs. Walter Dean is visiting friends in Los 
Ar geles. 

: £r. and Mrs. William Denman are at their 
cr jntry place in Napa County. 

Miss Cora Smedberg is the guest of her 

sister, Mrs. Mclvor. at the Presidio of Mon- 

Miss Constance Barrows is the guest of 
Mrs. Gaston Ashe at her country home, Tres 

Mrs. Russel Wilson and Miss Emily Wilson 
have gone to New York, from whence they 
will sail for Europe. 

Mrs. Charles Fee and her daughters are at 

Miss Lucy Gwin Coleman has returned to 
town, after her visit to Miss Elisabeth Liver- 

Mrs. W. E. Norwood and Miss Evelyn Nor- 
wood are spending the summer at Los Gatos. 

Mrs. George C. Perkins has sailed for a 
visit to Honolulu. 

Rear-Admiral and Mrs. Swinburne were the 
guests last week of Mr. and Mrs. Horace 
Blanchard Chase at their country place, Stag's 

Mr. and Mrs. George T. Mayre, Jr., have 
returned to town, after their visit to San 

Miss Jennie Blair, after her extended ab- 
sence, has returned to her home and is plan- 
ning a trip to Bartlett Springs. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hall McAllister have returned 
to their home, after their stay at Del Monte. 

Miss Linda Cadwalader is the guest of Mrs. 
Henry T. Scott at Burlingame. 

Mrs. Emma Shatter Howard has opened her 
cottage at Inverness for the summer. 

Mr. and Mrs. William B. Bourn and Miss 
Maud Eourn expect to sail in a few weeks 
for a European tour. 

Mrs. George McNear. Jr., is a guest at the 
Miramar, Santa Barbara. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Lent are entertaining 
Miss Charlotte Lund of New York. 

Miss Marian and Miss Elisabeth Newhall 
have been guests during the past week of 
Miss Florence Hopkins at her home in Menlo 

Miss Carrie Gwin is one of the summer 
guests at San RafaeL 

Mrs. Edwin C Long has returned from a 
visit to Los Angeles, where she has been the 
guest of her grand-parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. 

Miss Julia Langhorne is the guest of Mrs. 
William Irwin in Paris. 

Mrs. Coyle and her daughters, Misses Mai 
sie and Angela Coyle are planning a visit to 

Mrs. A. J. Le Breton and Miss Marguerite 
Le Breton are guests of Dr. and Mrs. J. D. 
Whitney at the Hotel Vendome in San Jose. 

Miss Merritt Reed is the guest of Mrs. Cov- 
ington Pringle at Menlo Park. 

Miss Grace Baldwin is visiting friends at 
Los Angeles. 

Mrs. George Howard and Miss Frances 
Howard have returned to their home, after 
their visit at Del Monte. 

Mrs. H. P. Young is expected soon on a 
transport from the Philippines and will be the 
guest of her mother. Mrs. Voorhies. 

Mrs. Kenneth Castleman has sailed for 
Honolulu to join her husband during the stay 
of the fleet 

General R. C. Taylor sailed on the transport 
Thomas for Honolulu. 

Miss Maud and Miss Celia O'Connor have 
returned from Europe and are at the Fair- 

Miss Augusta Foute is planning a visit to 
Miss Florence Breckenridge at her home in 
Menlo Park. 

Mr. and Mrs. Willard Drown have returned 
to town from their visit in Menlo Park. 

Mr. George Cameron has sailed for a trip 
to Europe- 
Miss Alice Owen has been spending several 
weeks in Mill Valley. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Boyd, after their trip 
to Bolinas Bay, have returned to their home 
in San Rafael. 

Miss Mary Josselyn has been the guest of 
Mrs. Frederick McNear. 

Mrs. J. E. Lewis, wife of Commander 
Lewis, was a passenger on the out-going trans- 
port en route for the Orient, where she will 
meet the fleet. 

Mrs. Kossuth Niles, wife of Captain Niles 
of the Louisiana, is visiting friends in Napa 

Mr. Clarence Follis has returned from New 
York and is at San Rafael for a few weeks. 

Miss Margaret Casserly has returned from 
her trip throush the southern part of the 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Eishop are at Castle 

Mr. and Mrs. Lansing Kellogg were guests 
last week of the Horace Blanchard Chases at 
their country seat, Stag's Leap. 

Baroness von Schroeder and her daughter. 
Miss Tanet von Schroeder. have opened the 
Von Schroeder country place, Eagle Ranch, 
where they will spend the remainder of the 

Mrs. Frank Norris is spending a few weeks 
in the Tahoe region. 

Mrs. Bullock of New York is spending the 
summer with her family at the Vendome in 
San Jose. 

The Misses Rodgers have been visiting Miss 
Ida Bourn at her St. Helena home. 

Mrs. Russel Wilson is planning an early 
departure tor Europe. 

Miss Harriet Alexander is the guest of 
Mrs. Frank Brigham at. Los Gatos. 

Mr. Douglas Alexander is the guest of his 
aunt, Mrs. Mountford Wilson, at Burlingame. 

Miss Edith Pillsbury, who for the past few 

years has been in Europe, is expected to re- 
turn to her home in this city within a few 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry Foster Dutton are in 
London and will proceed from there on their 
motor trip through the Continent. 

Mrs. John M. Orchard, wife of Commander 
Orchard, sailed recently on the transport 
Thomas to follow the fleet to the Orient. 

Miss Newell Drown was recently the guest 
of Miss Elisabeth Livermore at her home in 
Napa County. 

The Misses Hayes, who have been the 
guests of Colonel and Mrs. J. W. Bennet, are 
soon to return to their Eastern home, 

Mrs. Henry L. Dodge has taken the Sidney- 
Smith home in San Rafael during the absence 
of the Misses Sidney-Smith in Europe. 

Captain and Mrs. William H. Tobin are 
spending the month of July in the Yosemite 

Rear-Admiral and Mrs. Theo F. Jewell have 
gone to Del Monte, where they will remain 

Mr. and Mrs. John E. Stearns and Miss 
Kathleen Stearns of Los Angeles, who have 
been in the East for the past year and one- 
half, are now at the Fairmont, en route to 
their home in the south. 

Mrs. James Louderman, Miss Bertha Rice, 
and Miss Antonia Marin came up from Santa 
Barbara for a few days' visit in town this 
week. They stopped at the St, Francis. 

Mrs. George H. Howard, who has been 
visiting her mother, Mrs. Henry Schmieden, 
at Hotel Del Monte for the past month, has 
returned to her home at San Mateo. 

Mr. F. J. Stanton and family, who left the 
Fairmont for a few days' outing in the Yo- 
semite, are again in their apartments. 

Mr. and Mrs. Parker Whitney of Rocklin 
have taken a house in Pacific Grove for the 
summer. Mr. Whitney's sister, Mrs. T. H. 
Graydon, is visiting Mr. and Mrs. J. Parker 
Whimey at Del Monte. 

Mr. C. W. Dorsey of the Bureau of Soils of 
the Department of Agriculture will be in Cali- 
fornia for some time and is making the Fair- 
mont his headquarters while in the city. 

Mr. and Mrs. Alfred S. Tubbs went to Del 
Monte last Wednesday, where they will spend 
the balance of the summer. 

President and Mrs. Benjamin Ide Wheeler 
are at Del Monte for a fortnight's stay. 

Captain N. H. Hall, U. S. M. C, and Mrs. 
Hall have been guests of the St Francis for 
the past ten days. 

Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Kidder of Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, who have been visiting Mrs. 
Phebe A. Hearst at her home at Pleasanton, 
have gone to Del Monte, where they will 
spend several weeks. 

Among the guests now at the Fairmont is 
Miss Lataillarde of Santa Barbara. 

Mr. Joseph Eastland came up to the city a 
day or so ago and took rooms at the St. 

Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Oyster and their daugh- 
ter. Miss Elizabeth Oyster, will go to Del 
Monte the first of August to remain for some 

Mr. and Mrs. Luther J. Holton have taken 
apartments at the Fairmont. 

Colorado as well as California is famed for 
its climate and resorts, yet a glance over the 
Fairmont register will usually show some 
visitors from the Rocky- Mountain State there. 
Among those at present are Mrs. W. N. W. 
Blayney, Mr. R, S. Sumner, Mr. George A. 
Blaisdell, all of Denver. 

Mr. Gaspar G. Bacon of Westbury, Long 
Island, N. Y., has been a guest of the Fair- 
mont for the past ten days. 

Mr. and Mrs. Frank G. Noyes and party of 
Napa motored to -^tna Springs for a few 
days' stay. 

Mrs. C. D. Jameson, Mr. W. M. Jameson, 
Dr. Roland Pope, and Mr. Parke W. Pope 
compose a party of Colorado Springs society 
people who are stopping at the St Francis. 

Dr. and Mrs. Ira P. Trevitt of Buffalo, New 
York, are at the Fairmont during their stay 
in San Francisco. 

Mr. \\ . J. Pierce of Los Angeles was a 
guest at the St Francis during the past week. 

Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Chapin of Sacramento 
are at the Fairmont for a week or two. 

Mr. and Mrs. William Lynham Shiels and 
Mr. and Mrs. Edward R. Dimond of San 
Francisco are guests at iEtna Springs. 

Mr. and Mrs. Selah Chamberlain of Han- 
ford are at the Fairmont 

Among the visitors to San Francisco now at 
the Fairmont are the following from Los An- 
geles: Mrs. A. M. Gindenger, Mr. and Mrs. 
Guy B. Barham, Mrs. Enoch Knight 

Among those who are registered at .Etna 
Springs are Mr. and Mrs. Clarence M. Reed 
and Mr. and Mrs. Churchill Taylor of Oak- 
land, and Mrs. Charles J. Okell and Mrs. 
Louis James of Alameda. 

Among recent arrivals at Hotel Normandie 
;>re Mr. H. G. Sonnenberg, Los Angeles : Mr. 
J. H. Schwabacher, San Rafael : Miss M. 
Jacks, Monterey ; Mr. H. Rodgers, Berkeley ; 
Miss E. McFarland, Los Angeles ; Mrs. E. 
Closset, Mrs. Brobel, Portland. 

Among the navy men at the St Francis this 
week were Mr. D. Beecher, Dr. E. V. Reed, 
Mr. A. K. Shoup. Mr. H. E. Collins, Mr. L. C. 
Farley, Mr. N. L. Cuthbertson. Mr. C. F. 
Cooper, Mr. S. R. Nicholson. Mr. J. F. Mc- 
Calin, Mr. H. R. Keller, Mr. E. A. Aheny, 
Mr. M. C. Shirley, Mr. Cassius B. Barnes, Mr. 
B. H. Dorsey. Mr. E. F. Buck, and Mr. Wil- 
liam A. Merritt. 


"A shining coun- 
tenance" is pro- 
duced by ordinary 

The use of Pears' 
reflects beauty and 
refinement. Pears' 
leaves the skin soft, 
white and natural, i 

Matchless for the complexion. 


A good place to en- 
tertain or to be enter- 
tained — in either sim- 
ple or elaborate fashion. 

Palace Hotel Company 


at matchless 


need only cost you 


You can pay more if you wish. But this 
amount will cover your entire railroad fare, 
room and board for 6ve days at the 


Write today (or reservation, 

H. R. WARNER. Manaeer Del Monte 

When You Leave Town 

Store Your Trunks, Piano, 

Household Goods, Etc. 

With Us 


Sutter near Fillmore 

TeL West 999 


Idealizing California country life 

All roads to -•Etna Springs now open to 
automobiles. Special automobile service from 
St. Helena to tie Springs. 

Just the place for the family. Reservations 
now being made. Rates and literature on ap- 


Aetna Springs, Napa County, C&L 

Hotel St. Francis 

A study of individ- 
ual requirements. 


The Majestic— a 
Homelike Hotel 

<] "Refined surroundings — The 
very best cuisine — Perfect service 
— Moderate prices — Ideal loca- 
tion — Rates on application. 

N. W. corner Sutter and Gough 

Seattle's Newest and Most Modern Hotel 

' 'Twelve Stories of 
Solid Comfort' 

Building, concrete, 
steel and marble, 

Located, most fash- 
ionable shopping 


Library and bound 
magazines in read- 
ing rooms for 

Most refined hostelry 
in Seattle. 

Absolutely fireproof. 

Fnglish Grill. 

Rates, SI. 00 op 



"The World's Host Beautiful Playground" 

<J More features in a few square miles than any 
other spot. The famous Big Trees, Scenic 
Mountains. Surf Bathing superb. Largest and 
most magnificent Casino and Natatorium. Cli- 
mate without an equal. 

"Never a Dull Moment" 

Hot Springs 

The waters cure rheumatism — the environment 
is perfect — the hotel comfortable and supplied 
with an unexcelled table. See Southern Pacific 
Information Bureau, ground floor, James Flood 
Building; Peck-Tudah Co., 789 Market St., or 
address hotel. 

Hotel del Coronado 

Most Delightful Climate on Earth 

American Plan. Summer rates $3.50 per day each and 

upward, or $21.00 per week each and upward 
"Good Music" and "Fine Automobile Road. 

Los Angeles- Riverside to Coronado." 
Golf, Tennis, Polo, and other outdoor sports 

every day in the year. 
New 700-foot ocean pier, for fishing. Boating 
and Bathing are the very best. Send for 
booklet to 

MORGAN ROSS, Manager, 

Coronado Beach, Cal. 

Or see H. F. NORCROSS, Agent, 

334 So. Spring St., Los Angeles. 

Tel. A 6789; Main 3917. 

22d Street and Broadway 


Army and Navy. 
The latest personal notes relative to army 
and navy officers who are or have been sta- 
tioned at Pacific Coast points : 

Commander F. E. Beatty, U. S. N., is de- 
tached from the U. S. S. Charleston and 
assigned to the Wisconsin. 

Commander E. Lloyd, Jr., is detached from 
duty as inspector of the Fifth Lighthouse Dis- 
trict, Baltimore, Maryland, and ordered to the 
Pacific Fleet, sailing from San Francisco 
about July 25. 

Colonel Duncan, Colonel John Bellinger, 
and Lieutenant O. P. M. Hazzard are detailed 
on a tour of inspection of the grounds at 
Atascadero Ranch. 

Leave of absence is granted Colonel George 
B. Smith, chief paymaster of this department. 
Major John W. Ruckman, Captain Daniel 
Ketchem, and Lieutenant William T. Carpen- 
ter of the Presidio of San Francisco are ap- 
pointed a local board of examiners to report 
on qualification for promotion. 

Major Guy L. Edie, U. S. A. Medical Corps, 
is ordered to report to Washington, D. C, 
for promotion. 

Major William Stephenson, U. S. A., is or- 
dered to report to Washington for promotion. 
Leave of absence for two months with per- 
mission to apply for an extension is granted 
Major Parker West, Fourteenth Cavalry, U. 
S. A., Presidio of San Francisco. 

Captain Beverly Reed, Sixth Cavalry, U. S. 
A., sailed from Manila on the transport Sheri- 
dan for San Francisco June 15. 

Captain W. Bjornstad, Twenty-Eighth In- 
fantry, U. S. A., is ordered to report to Fort 
Snelling, Minnesota, for temporary* duty. 

Captain Theodore Schultz, Ninth Cavalry, 
U. S. A., is assigned to temporary duty at the 
local army headquarters. 

Leave of absence has been granted Captain 
James F. Tirady, Coast Artillery Corps, to take 
effect on or about August 31. 

Extension of fifteen days' leave of absence 
has been granted Captain George H. Estes, U. 
S. A. 

Captain Harold Hammond, assistant pay- 
master, sailed on the transport Thomas for 

Captain William H. Tobin, Coast Artillery 
Corps, has been appointed acting quartermas- 
ter at the Presidio of San Francisco, pending 
the arrival of Captain A. S. Bickham. 

Captain Edward R. Schreiner, M. G, Cap- 
tain Charles L. Foster, M. C, and Captain 
William A. Duncan, M. C, are appointed .i 
board of medical officers to meet at the Pre- 
sidio of San Francisco for the physical ex- 
amination of such candidates as may be au- 
thorized to appear before it to determine their 
fitness for appointment as second lieutenants. 
Contract Surgeon Charles A. Cattermole 
will proceed to Manhattan, Nevada, to report 
to the surgeon-general for annulment of his 

Contract Surgeon George B. Jones, U. S. A., 
having reported his arrival at San Francisco 
in compliance with orders heretofore issued, 
will proceed to Fort George Wright, Wash- 
ington, and report in person to the command- 
ing officer of that post for duty. 

Leave of absence for one month and fifteen 
days has been granted Lieutenant Norton E. 
Woods, Field Artillery, to take effect on or 
about July 31. 

Lieutenant Thomas W. Brown, Twenty- 
Seventh Infantry, Presidio of Monterey, is 
ordered to proceed to the arsenal at Benicia 
to report to the chief ordnance officer for 

Lieutenant Earle, U. S. N., is detached from 
duty on the U. S. S. Maine and assigned to 
duty at the Naval Station at Cavite. 

Lieutenant Robert H. Fletcher, Eighth In- 
fantry, U. S. A., is ordered to report to the 
commanding officer of the School of Musketry 
at the Presidio of Monterey. 

Leave of absence for fifteen days is granted 
Lieutenant Guilielmus V. Heidt, Eighth In- 

Leave of absence for two months and fif- 
teen days to terminate not later than Septem- 
ber 15 is granted Lieutenant Truman W. 
Carxithers, Twentieth Infantry, Presidio of 

Lieutenant W. T. Conn, Jr., U. S. N., and 
Ensign W. H. Lassing, U. S. N., when dis- 
charged from treatment at the U. S. Naval 
Hospital at Mare Island, will proceed to the 
U. S. Naval Medical School Hospital, Wash- 
ington, D. C, for treatment. 

Second Lieutenant William C. Russell, 
Eighth Infantry, Presidio of Monterey, now 
on leave of absence, is detailed for duty at 
the national match for 1908, and at the proper 
time will proceed to Camp Perry, Ohio, to re- 
port in person for duty accordingly. 

Second Lieutenant Adna R. Chaffee, Jr., 
Fifteenth Cavalry, is detailed for duty in con- 
nection with the camp of instruction to be 
held at Fort Riley, Kansas. 

At Out-of-Town Hotels. 
The following are among the registrations 
from San Francisco at Hotel del Coronado : 
Mr. James H. Fannin, Mr. Walter S. Gray, 
Mr. F. W. McDonald, Mr. T. K. Stateler, Dr. 
Barkan, Mrs. Barkan, Miss Barkan, Mr. E. G. 

Among the arrivals at Byron Hot Springs 
during the past week were the following : 
From San Francisco — Mr. and Mrs. Frank H. 
Buck, Mr. Frank H. Buck, Jr., Mr. Leonard 
W. Buck, Dr. George W. Terrill, Mrs. C. L. 
Shainwald, Mr. J. S. Benedict, Mr. Henry 
Leap, Sir Henry Heyman, Mrs. C. F. D. 
Hastings, Miss Ethel Hastings, Mr. and Mrs. 
Frank J. Murphy, Dr. and Mrs. Howard Mor- 

The following guests from San Francisco 
are registered at ^tna Springs ; Mr. and Mrs. 
William Lynham Shiels, Mr. and Mrs. E. R. 
Dimond, Mrs. H. E. Monroe, Mr. M. Hart. 
Mr. W. H. Crim, Mrs. C. H. Woodruff, Mr. 
and Mrs. H. C. Wayland, Mr. R. E. Houghton, 
Mr. J. W. Orr. Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Dixon, Mr. 
W. H. Burt, Mr. Charles Stallman, Mr. F. J. 
Cooper, Miss Mildrea L. Woodruff, Mr. S. H. 
Woodruff. Mr. Murray Innes. 

A few of the recent arrivals at the Tavern 
of Tamalpais were : From San Francisco — 
Mrs. H. A. Jones, Mr. Frank Winslow, Mr. 
Robert Thompson, Miss Marv Mortee, Mrs. 
Kirk Harris, Mrs. P. J. Ward, Miss Agnes Dil- 
lon. Miss Maria Dillon, Miss Anna Anderson, 
Mr. Lambert Levy, Mr. E. H. Stock, Mr. 
Henry Jacob, Mr. Daniel E. Hayes, Mr. Emil 
Lowenberg, Mr. Robert B. Rothchilds ; from 
Oakland — Mrs. E. Baldwin, Miss Jessie 
Moore. Miss Eva May Fossing ; from Berke- 
ley — Miss Grace Partridge, Miss Gladys Par- 
tridge, Mrs. J. N. Odell, Mrs. A. M. Carr, 
Miss Clara L." Carr, Mr. H. Morse Stephens, 
Miss Lillian Abbott Smith. 

The following are among the guests from 
San Francisco registered at Hotel Rafael : 
Dr. Francis F. Knorp, Miss E. Meyerfeld, Mr. 
and Mrs. A. Repsold. Mr. and Mrs. Hows- 
worth, Mr. and Mrs. George Volkman, Miss 
E. Schilling, Mrs. A. Simon and children. 
Mrs. A. Franklin, Mr. H. Leslie Comyn, Mrs. 
A. L. Billing, Mr. and Mrs. I. Greenebaum, 
Miss A. Greenebaum, Mr. A. C. Stannard, Mr. 
and Mrs. J. P. Downs, Mrs. E. J. Manlove, 
Mr. Alfred Weil, Mr. A. C. Blumenthal, Mrs. 
Schloss, Miss Maud O'Connor, Miss Cecelia 
O'Connor, Mr. C. Gardiner, Mr. M. E. Mc- 
Loughlin, Mr. S. R. Marvin, Mrs. C. H. 
Woodruff, Mr. Samuel Rosenheim, Mrs. S. 
Rosenheim, Miss Golda Meyer, Mr. L. Schwa- 
bacher, Mr. George Reid, Mr. E. J. Vogel, 
Mrs. Spencer Ashlin, Mrs. I. Hertzel, Mr. W. 
D. Keystone, Dr. K. J. Billing. Mrs. J. R. 
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"So you were successful in your first case, 
doctor?" "Er — yes, yes; the — er — widow 
paid the bill." — The Toiler. 

Church — Did you ever work for a railroad 
company? Gotham — Well, yes; I've tried to 
open the car windows. — Yonkers Statesman. 

Little Wife — Granddad, what makes a man 
always give a woman a diamond engagement 
ring? Grandfather — The woman. — Philadel- 
phia Enquirer. 

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Heavens, no ! I always love to associate with 
lucky people. — Life. 

"What would you do, dear, if I were to 
die ?" asked Mrs. Darley, fondly. "I don't 
know," replied Darley thoughtfully. "Which 
is your choice — burial or cremation ?" — Tit- 

Elsa — The paper says that the bride was un- 
attended. Stella — That notice was written up 
in advance of the wedding, but it was a good 
guess ; the bridegroom failed to show up. — 

"Do you want employment?" "Lady," an- 
. swered Plodding Pete, "you means well, but 
you can't make work sound any more invitin' 
by usin' words of three syllables." — Washing- 
ton Star. 

"Hubby, won't you go shopping with me 
today?" "Nix, nixey, and again nix." 
"There is going to be a demonstration of this 

new sheath skirt, and " "Sure, I'll go." — 

The Mirror. 

"My wife," said the first clubman, "always 
mixes me a cocktail when I go home feeling 
frazzled." "You're in luck," declared the sec- 
ond clubman. "The best I get is a chin fizz." 
— Pioneer Press. 

"Did you write to papa, George?" "Asking 
for your hand ?" "Of course." "Yes, I 
wrote." "That's strange. I supposed papa 
would be terribly angry. You know he doesn't 
like you." "Yes, I know. But I fixed it all 
right. I — I didn't sign the letter." — Cleve- 
land Plain Dealer. 

Hiram — Who is that little runt that kern 
up in buggy wagon to see Miss Flip, the 
new boarder? Silas — He's what them city 

folks calls her "fiasco." Hiram — Her fiasco — 
oh, you mean her financee. — Boston Tran- 

"Pop! What is a pantomime?" "A panto- 
mime is a piece in which no one speaks." "I 
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would be interesting !" — Yonkers Statesman. 

First Deacon — Our new pastor must be a 
vegetarian. Second Deacon — Why do you 
think so? First Deacon — There doesn't seem 
to be any meat in his sermons. — Philadelphia 
Public Ledger. 

Mrs. Hix — I don't take any stock in these 
faith cures brought about by the laying on of 
hands. Mrs. Dix — Well, 1 do; I cured my 

little boy of the cigarette habit that way. — 
Neiv York Globe. 

"You call this a summer resort, I believe," 
said the sarcastic visitor. "I am unaware of 
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larly," returned the Philadelphian stiffly. — 
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"But," protested the wayward son, "you 
should make allowance for the follies of 
youth." "Huh !" growled the old man. "If 
it wasn't for the allowance you get there 
would be less folly." — Chicago Daily News. 

The congressman was leaving Washington 
for his own town. "Well, good-bye," said a 
friend. "I suppose the citizens will be out in 
force to meet you?" "I — I'm afraid they 
will," replied the congressman. — Times-Demo- 

"This will be a memorable trial," declared 
the New York lawyer. "I certainly have got- 
ten together a competent cast." "Good !" 
"All that remains is to see the district attor- 
ney and submit our dialogue and scenario." — 

"Louder! Louder!" shrieked the delegates. 
"Gentlemen," protested the presiding officer, 
"I can assure you that the disappointment of 
those who can't hear isn't a marker to the dis- 
appointment of those who can." — Philadelphia 
Public Ledger. 

"Why can't I have eggs for supper?" "You 
can't have eggs for supper," answered the 
landlord of the Plunkville House, "because an 
affinity gentleman is going to lecture on 
affinities at the town hall tonight. You have 
some public spirit, I persoom ?" He had. — 
Washington Herald. 


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The Argonaut. 

Vol. LXIII. No. 1635. 

San Francisco, July 25, 1908. 

Price Ten Cents 

PUBLISHERS' NOTICE — The Argonaut (title trade-marked) is 
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EDITORIAL: The Sorrows of a Queen— The Line of Battle- 
Mr Henev and the Bear's Tail — His Name Is Dennis — 

Editorial Notes 49-53 



scribes Gertrude Hoffmann's Imitation of Maud Allan's 
Semi-Nude Dance 53 

OLD FAVORITES: "At Best," by John Boyle O'Reilly; 
"Douglas Gordon," by Frederic Edward Weatherly; "The 
Two Friends," by Charles Godfrey Leland 53 

INDIVIDUALITIES: Notes about Prominent People All over 

the World 53 

MAROONED: XXIII. By Jerome A. Hart 54 

AMERICAN WOMEN IX LONDON:' Leaders in English 
Society Who Have Won Their Position by Tact and 
Grace 55 

SALONS OF ROYAL FRANCE: Frank Hamel Writes a Fine 

Account of Great Frenchwomen , 56 

BOOKS AND AUTHORS. By Sidney G. P. Coryn 57 


LITERARY NOTES: Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip 58 

CURRENT VER C E: "The Wind That Shakes the Barley," by 
Katharine Tynan Hinkson: "At Dawn," by Alfred Noyes; 
"Today and Tomorrow," by William Stanley Braithwaite 58 

DRAM\: "The Servant in the House." By Josephine Flart 

Phelps 59 


STORYETTES: Grave and Gay. Epigrammatic and • Other- 
wise 61 


PERSOXAL: Xotcs and Gossip — Movements and Whereabouts 

— Army and Navy 62-63 

THE ALLEGED HUMORISTS: Paragraphs Ground Out by 

the Dismal Wits of the Dav 64 

The Sorrows of a Queen. 
The invincible repugnance of the young Queen of 
Spain to the Spanish national sport of bull-fighting is 
likely to result seriously in the sense of destroying her 
popularity. She is thoroughly an English woman, bred 
to the standards of English sensibility and of English 
manners, and although she has tried to overcome an 
instinctive aversion to scenes of cruelty in which the 
Spanish delight, she has not been able to do it. Urged 
by the king and by the palace officials, she has again 
and again lent her presence' to the bull-ring; but every 
such appearance has been an agonizing ordeal, ending 
in illness and depression. Upon a recent occasion 
marked by uncommon ferocity, with pitiful carnage of 
men, horses, and bulls, she almost lost control of her- 
self and finally retired from her box. From the Eng- 
lish and American standpoint this is entirely to her 
credit, but it grievously offends the Spanish people, 
whose delight in bull-fighting increases with the hor- 
rors of the sport, and who have no sympathy or under- 
standing of a squeamishness foreign to their own sen- 
sibilities. To the Spanish mind Victoria's detestation 

of the bull-ring is an exhibition of timidity, marking 
her as one without the hardihood which becomes a 
queen and the mother of a line of Spanish kings. 

The marriage of Alfonso to an English princess 
was never a popular one in Spain, but the youth and 
spirits of the young queen soon won over the populace, 
and when a year after her marriage a prince was born, 
she became for the moment a universal favorite. But 
the English temperament is not the Spanish tempera- 
ment, and as time goes on and as it becomes manifest 
that the queen is still an English woman in her ideas 
and sympathies, the affection of the people turns away 
from her. The bull-fight is not the only point at 
which her tastes run counter to Spanish ideas. 
She detests and resents the limitations upon her free- 
dom of action imposed by tradition, which sends her to 
bed at ten o'clock every night, which keeps her so sur- 
rounded by ladies and lords in waiting that she may 
never do the smallest thing for herself, and that never 
leaves her an untrammeled or private moment. Again, 
although as a matter of form she accepts the national 
religion of Spain, she is at heart a Protestant, and she 
has not been able to conceal her weariness with cere- 
monies which mean nothing to her and her hostility to 
the persistent counsels of church functionaries. 

On the score of these multiplied incompatibilities, 
trouble has long been brewing, and it has at last 
broken out into open discontent. Among other irrita- 
tions, the queen's mother, Princess Battenburg, who was 
Beatrice of England, and who has her own mother's taste 
for domestic administration, has most unwisely sought 
to make things better for her daughter by insisting upon 
English ideas in relation to palace affairs. In conse- 
quence Alfonso and his mother-in-law have quarreled 
and the latter some time ago packed her trunks and 
went home with threats never again to return. Instead 
of offending the Spanish people, this rather pleases 
them; and while the queen has discreetly taken her 
husband's part in the family quarrel, it has not tended 
to make her position a pleasanter one. In the sphere 
of royalty, troubles like these are not adjusted sum- 
marily. There is no formal breaking of ties, although 
not uncommonly there is a tremendous bending of the 
conventions. Probably the next stage in the Spanish 
domestic troubles will be a complete estrangement of 
husband and wife at the point of sympathy, with the 
usual scandalous accompaniments. Alfonso's father 
was hardly a social or domestic model, and prior to his 
marriage Alfonso himself was a grievously spoiled 
boy. It is not in his blood to be consistent or faith- 
ful : therefore it is not difficult to guess what is likely 
to follow. t 

The Line of Battle. 

There always comes a period of reaction after the 
noise and fury of the convention season. It takes time 
for the delegates to get home, sober up, and report just 
how it all happened. It takes time for the public to 
brush up its memory of former political seasons and to 
make the comparisons essential to a settled feeling with 
regard to the immediate situation. Then the candi- 
dates must have time to get their bearings and prepare 
the addresses which mark their formal acceptances. 
The campaign managers, too, must be chosen, and, 
having been chosen, must have time to select their 
assistants, confer with party leaders in the several 
States, and formulate their plans. It is usually a full 
month after the conventions adjourn before all adjust- 
ments are duly made and the campaign actively 

We are now in the midst of this season of confer- 
ence and preparation, which will probably last until the 
first or possibly the second week in August. It is a 
quiet time, but its calm is by no means that of inaction. 
Under the surface momentous issues of organization, 
policy, and tactics are being determined ; and those 
who will take pains to observe closely can hardly 
fail to discern the tendencies which are to dominate 
the campaign and of which no indication is presumed 

to reach the public until the candidates shall declare 
themselves in formal utterances. 

On the Republican side things are more forward than 
on the Democratic side, due to the fact that the con- 
vention was held earlier and that the machinerv had 
been put in fair running order before the nominations 
were made. Mr. Hitchcock, late of the Postoffice 
Department, is to be Mr. Taft's campaign manager 
for the country at large, Mr. Vorys having been side- 
tracked in the management of affairs in Ohio. Just 
how Mr. Taft contrived to solve this delicate problem, 
nobody has been able to find out; but the fact that he 
has solved it and that his rival managers, so recently 
hating each other cordially, are now working pleas- 
antly together, is suggestive of diplomatic power. The 
problems of nations and of States are as nothing com- 
pared with those which develop on the basis of personal 
vanities when two men with equal claims to favor 
insistently demand the same thing. 

The Argonaut is not overmuch pleased with Mr. 
Taft's choice. We think the selection of a mere tac- 
tician for the headship of the Republican party rather 
tends to cheapen the party character. Republicanism 
is or ought to be a political faith ; the head of the 
party ought therefore to be a man who stands for 
ideas, likewise a man of representative character. Mr. 
Hitchcock hardly fills the requirements. He stands for 
nothing excepting skill in the political game. He 
stands for politics as a trade rather than for politics 
as a system of moral or political ideas. The dignities 
of the situation, we think, would have been better sus- 
tained if the chairmanship had been bestowed upon 
some national figure like ex-Senator Spooner or Gov- 
ernor Herrick, with Mr. Hitchcock in the relatively 
subordinate post of active campaign manager. It may 
be argued that this is making much of a trifle, but we 
maintain that the matter is not a trifling one. Every- 
body knows that it matters much to a professional firm, 
to a newspaper, or to a business house what manner of 
man stands at its head. Likewise it matters much to 
a party that in its organization there shall be some 
positive suggestion of its character and tone. With a 
managing politician at the head of the Republican 
organization, it will not be surprising if there are those 
to assume that the. Republican party has come to be 
more regardful of the game than of the principles 
lying back of it. This criticism could not be made 
if the dignities of the chairmanship had been reserved 
for established dignity of character. Of course the 
real head of the party is its candidate for the presi- 
dency, and in estimating the tendencies of Republican- 
ism the eye of judgment will rest upon Mr. Taft rather 
than upon the very capable young hustler who now 
assumes the nominal headship of the party organiza- 

The Democratic campaign manager has not been 
chosen as we write on Wednesday : but from the 
strength of the hand played at Denver by Tom Taggart 
of Indiana it is not out of bounds to guess that he 
will retain the chairmanship and organize the work. 
Mr. Bryan is the head of his party even more definitely 
and peculiarly than Mr. Taft. for behind Bryan there 
is no dominant personality corresponding to Theodore 
Roosevelt. Whoever may be chosen as the nominal 
campaign manager of the Democratic party, Mr. Bryan 
will be the real manager; and no matter where nominal 
headquarters may be established, the real headquarters 
will be under Mr. Bryan's hat. In former years Mr. 
Bryan has gone actively upon the stump pleading his 
cause with the people. This year, it is said, he will 
stay at home and receive delegations at his Fairview 
farm. But this is conjectural. The breath of Mr. 
Bryan's political life is his talking power, and some- 
how, whether at home or abroad, he will find a way 
to do a world of talking. Mr. Taft is also a very 
effective talker, and it is not to be doubted that 
Brother Charlie's home in Cincinnati, when 



July 25, 1908. 

elected to spend the campaign season, he will be heard 
from daily. 

Already it is manifest that the Denver convention 
made a serious mistake in its treatment of the con- 
servative element in the party. We do not so much 
refer to the complete overriding of conservative 
opinion in the making of the platform, or to the failure 
to nominate Judge Gray or some other man of his type 
for the vice-presidency, as to the scant respect accorded 
to the conservative delegates personally and as well to 
the name and fame of Grover Cleveland. The con- 
servatives expected to be overridden in the making of 
the platform, and they did not seriously want the sop 
of a vice-presidential nomination, but they did expect 
a gentlemanlike consideration, and they were pro- 
foundly shocked at the open disrespect shown in the 
convention and out of it to the name of Mr. Cleveland. 
That there will be anything like an organized defection 
from the party on the part of the conservatives is not 
likely; none the less nothing is more certain than that 
many hundreds and thousands of old-fashioned Demo- 
crats will quietly abandon the parry. The Eastern 
party papers are practically all disaffected. The 
Brooklyn Eagle, a leading organ of conservative 
Democracy, has positively repudiated the party candi- 
date. He has, the Eagle declares, no qualifications for 
the presidency, besides he stands upon a platform which 
no true Democrat can approve. "The Eagle" it 
declares, "prefers Mr. Taft and will oppose Mr. 
Bryan." Another exponent of conservative Democracy, 
the New York Evening Post, remarks that "it is neces- 
sary for all who regard as we do the election of Mr. 
Bryan as highly undesirable to look the facts in the 
face." The New York Times, likewise a conservative 
Democrat, declares "we know that public policies will 
be executed by Mr. Taft reasonably, with calmness, 
with sanity, and Ave know nothing of the kind about 
Mr. Bryan. We do know that his mind is unsteady, 
his principles unsafe." The Hearst papers are, of 
course, not to be classed as organs of serious opinion 
with the journals above quoted, much less are they to 
be accredited as attached in any way to conservative 
principles or ideas; at the same time they are chiefly 
circulated among Democrats and their disaffection is a 
fact by no means to be left out of the estimate. It 
means something when these papers declare "we have 
lost confidence in the Democratic party. We have lost 
confidence also in William J. Bryan. A platform made 
by the Democratic party and indorsed by Mr. Bryan 
is not worth the paper it is written on." These 
excerpts, selected from among many, sufficiently illus- 
trate the attitude of the Democratic press in the 
East towards the Bryanized Democracy. These papers 
would not hold the tone they do if the sentiment 
among those who read and support them were not 
widely unfavorable not only to Democracy as revolu- 
tionized and recast to suit Mr. Bryan, but to Mr. Bryan 
personally. The truth is that Bryanized Democracy, 
regarded as a system of political ideas, is a thing wholly 
foreign to the opinions, standards, and instincts of the 
old-fashioned type of Democrat, of the type of man 
who found himself in close sympathy with the late Mr. 
Cleveland. There is positively no place in the new 
Democracy for men of this stamp; and while they are 
not likely to be wholly satisfied with Republicanism, 
they are likely to come nearer to supporting their ideas 
in voting for Taft than for Bryan. 

o-ence understands that in voting for Taft he will vote account the loose sentiments and the vagabond delu- 

for a government which in emergencies will exhibit sions of the time. Nevertheless, let us say again that 

strong hand, and that in voting for Bryan he will we see no reason to believe that any State which voted 

vote for a government which, to say the least, would for Roosevelt in 1904, excepting Missouri, will vote for 

be uncertain of its powers and slow to exercise them Bryan in 1908, but frankly we are not so sure about it 

in the forms of positive and definite action. Let riot 
break forth anywhere as it has done again and again 
during the past quarter-century and you will find Mr. 
Taft as President reaching over the head of State gov- 

as we should like to be. 

Another uncertain element in the situation is the 

| labor vote, if, indeed, there be any such definite quan- 

ernment to subdue and quell it precisely as Cleveland tity in our politics w e have heard a good deal of the 

did at Chicago twenty years ago. But with Mr. Bryan 
in the presidency, we should, beyond question, have 

labor vote in times past, but nobody has ever been able 
to trace it as an organic force in national or State 

timidity and hesitation, with quibbling over the rights pohtics The Argonaut seriously questions the exist 
and dignities of the States, with no action at all or ; gnce o£ any such polit ; cal element, in the sense of an 

with action so qualified and delayed as practically to be 
of no effect. 

In spite of mere superficial resemblances due to the 
mere diplomacies of an immediate situation, there is no 
more real likeness between the two great parties today 
than in former times. The fundamental differences are 
precisely what they were in the day of Hamilton and 
Tefferson ; the resemblances which to a certain order 
of mind appear so absolute are temporary, accidental, 

No close observer of social and political conditions 
has failed to note the tendency, in the Central and 
Western States especially, of the past few years 
towards radicalism. It has been vastly promoted by 
Roosevelt, and even before the day of Roosevelt it had 
found powerful champions in men of the Bryan, La Fol- 
lette, Pingree, and Tom Johnson type. The political 
effectiveness of this new radicalism is illustrated in 
unnumbered instances of which the political condition 
of Wisconsin may be noted as especially suggestive. It 
may be seen in Oregon, where it has dissolved the 
party system and turned the State over to a stupidly 
irresponsible system little better than chaos. It may be 
traced even more definitely in the organization of the 
new State of Oklahoma and in the political manners 
which have been produced by it. Even here in Cali- 
fornia we see positive evidences of it in the proposal 
to substitute something like the Oregon system for the 
orderly and practically efficient even though not ideal 
system under which we have been working; and fur- 
ther in a noisy effort to tear down everything that has 
been worth respect in State politics without substituting 
anvthing of known efficiency or even of possible 
efficiency for it. 

What we may style the Western radical movement 

organized and biddable force. There are laborers who 
are voters by the million, but there is no more reason 
to believe that they think as a class or that they will 
vote as a unit than in the case of so many merchants 
or bankers or farmers. Certain noisy agitators, men 
of the Gompers and McCarthy type, are forever talking 
about "the vengeance of labor," but experience has 
proved that their talking is done mostly through their 
hats. The practice of these agitators is to point to the 
statistics of organized labor and then to assume inso- 
lently that the votes of these men are subject to their 
control. No grosser lie was ever uttered. It may be, 
indeed, that the ulterior purpose of the Gomperses and 
McCarthys who style themselves the field marshals 
of labor is political; but the purposes of the rank and 
file of organized labor are quite another sort. It is 
possible that a time may come when great numbers of 
citizens, working men or others, acting in concert, may 
surrender their political initiative to a trafficking and 
bargaining dictator. But that time is not yet, and it 
will never be so long as there remains in the general 
citizenship of the country, including the labor element, 
which is as independent and as worthy as any other, 
a spark of traditional American spirit. 

Mr. Gompers, while failing to get what he demanded 
from the Democrats at Denver, nevertheless declares 
himself satisfied. Pretending individually to be a 
Republican, he will nevertheless "direct" the forces of 
organized labor to support Bryan. And in the effort 
to enforce this policy, he will go from city to city to 
personally commend Bryan to whomsoever will listen 
to him. He will do this because he has the cunning to 
see that with Bryan in the presidency and with Demo- 
cratic traditions and theories back of him, there will 
be less resistance to his own aggresive demands than 

has been vastly stimulated by an irresponsible and sen- if the government shall remain in Republican hands. 

sational journalism, including the cheap muck-raking ' It is in the stars that in the great conflict for indus- 

magazines, which has systematically sought its own 
profit through the cultivation of popular distrust in 
anybody or anything. Continual prating in the tones 
of prejudice and crimination, done with studied effort 
to unsettle the public mind, has undoubtedly had it's 

trial freedom which plainly lies before us the Demo- 
cratic party is the surest hope of agitators like Gom- 
pers. The limitations upon definite authority and upon 
promptitude of action involved in its States rights theo- 
ries, with its dependence upon the less positive and 
resolute elements in our citizenship, and its necessities 

Those shallow critics who have been declaring that 
there has ceased to be any serious line of difference 
between the great traditional parties have not been 
able to offer convincing arguments; in fact, they have 
only succeeded in making themselves ridiculous. For 
the very moment we cease comparing the temporary 
aims of politics as declared in party platforms and turn 
to the principles and the history of politics, we see 
that the two parties are as wide apart as ever they 
were. And the main line of division is the same as 
that which has marked and separated political groups 
from the beginnings of the republic. Fundamentally 
Republicanism is the successor of Federalism in its 
adhesion to the theory of a strong central government. 
Democracy, harking back to Jefferson, is founded in 
those theories which limit the national powers and 
therefore weaken the hand of central authority. The 
tendencies of the two parties unfailingly follow the 
wide-reaching logic of their opposing theories. The 
£ latforms put forth at Chicago and Denver are in many 
respects similar; both deal with expedients in the spirit 
f diplomacy; both aim by the process of coddling to 
itch votes. None the less, every citizen of intelli- 

Whatever real hope there may be in the Bryan can- ' at the point of conciliating votes — these considerations; 
didacy must rest upon this widespread movement combine to make Democracy the natural ally or instru- 
towards radicalism in political opinion and aim. We j ment of politico-laborism. Gompers, who though i 
can see no evidences that the movement is deep and good deal of a knave is no fool, sees this plainly. He 
broad enough to alter the political attitude of any sees further that Republicanism is the natural and 
State, nationally speaking. In other words, we do not | inevitable dependence of those fixed principles which 
think of any State which has habitually voted for deny absolutely to him and his kind the special privi- 

Republican presidential candidates that is likely now 
to give its voice for Bryan. But this is only an indi- 
vidual opinion; the movement towards radicalism may 
possibly have gone further than superficial appearances 
would indicate. It must be confessed that there are 
suggestions to this effect in the recent Oregon election, 
wherein, in a State nominally and strongly Republican, 
the popular voice was given in support of the senatorial 
candidacy of a well-known Democrat. And it is fur- 
ther to be confessed that in more strictly local elections 
throughout the West during the past three years there 
have been many indications of disaffection from estab- 
lished habits of political action. 

It is, we repeat, in connection with this wave of 
radicalism that the candidacy of Mr. Bryan finds its 
best hope. And a candidate better fitted by nature and 
by individual accomplishments to make the most of a 
radical foment could not be imagined. He is per- 
sonally magnetic and winning. He makes the impres- 
sion of absolute sincerity and honesty. His mind, at 
once shallow and shifty, automatically adjusts itself to 
the mood of the hour. His convictions are never deep 
enough or permanent enough to afford resistance to 
whatever forms of policy the moment may require. 
And when to these qualifications there is added an 
imposing presence, a charming personality', and a glit- 
tering and showy declamation, we have a figure pre- 
cisely calculated to gather up and turn to voting 

leges which they demand. When the Republican con- 
vention at Chicago, subservient as it was in other 
respects to the will of Mr. Roosevelt, balked at his 
proposed concessions to organized labor, declining to 
vield even under the swish of the Big Stick, then and 
there it was borne in upon Gompers that he need not 
look further to Republicanism to aid him or his cause, 
but that on the other hand he must permanently find in 
it a resistant force to be reckoned with 

The Argonaut knows personally a great many labor 
unionists. Since the Chicago convention, and with 
direct reference to its action on the so-called laboi 
issue, it has questioned scores of unionists as to theii 
political attitude; and it has not found one man sc 
craven of spirit as to think for one moment of surren- 
dering his initiative as a- citizen and a voter to thj 
judgment or the authority" of Mr. Samuel Gompers 
Therefore we say that the boast of Mr. Gompers o: 
his power to control the "labor vote" is mere buncombe 
Working men, like other men of the country, wffl 
come to their own determinations and regulate theil 
political action without respect to the trafficking or tin 
blustering of the self-elected and loud-talking "leaders! 
of labor." We do not believe that the support o:l 
Bryan by Mr. Gompers will serve to affect the votinj 
decisively or even notably in a single State. We d( 
not believe that the labor issue, so called, will cut ai 
important figure in the coming campaign. The futun I 


July 25, 1908. 



may, indeed, tell another story, but it is the present 
with which we have to deal. 

In relation to the coming campaign there are some 
curious correspondences between the position of the 
two parties and that of the two candidates which may 
be depended upon to cancel each other. For example, 
both conventions were ignominiously subject to a per- 
sonal authority; in plain words, both were shamelessly 
bossed. On this score neither may venture to reproach 
the other; neither may appeal to the favor of citizens 
who condemn and resent the whole rotten system of 
illegitimate personalism in politics. Again, both can- 
didates have declared themselves for the fullest pub- 
licity in the matter of campaign contributions and 
expenditures. Here again the policy of one matches 
the policy of the other. 

In the final analysis the judgment of those who are 
not dependent upon party authority as a guide in 
political action will rest upon the traditions and the 
history of the two parties and upon the character and 
the record of the two candidates. There are more than 
a hundred days to come in which thoughtful men may 
ponder these considerations. And upon this view of 
the situation there appears to the Argonaut but one 
possible outcome. , 

Mr. Heney and the Bear's Tail. 

The Argonaut frankly confesses itself unable to 
analyze or define the precise status of the Ruef case. 
It is now nearly two months since the last fiasco, and 
although date after date has been fixed for proceeding 
under some other of the seventy-or-eighty-and-odd 
indictments against the culprit, action is regularly 
and as it would appear automatically postponed. 
Ruef, knowing full well that time works steadily 
against his prosecutors, is always for delay. And 
the prosecutors seem willing enough to meet his 
wishes. At the same time certain minor branches of 
procedure continue to occupy the attention of one of 
the police courts without developing anything of real 

In the meantime, Mr. Heney is lending his services 
to the so-called JLincoln-Roosevelt League, traveling 
with amazing diligence from one one-night stand to 
another, dealing out that sort of rhetorical thunder 
which comes easily from one trained in the school of 
Arizona politics. He has much to say about the great 
crusade, but he does not explain how it is that while he 
has time enough for peripatetic political agitation, he 
can not find time to try the unnumbered criminal indict- 
ments which he has been instrumental in bringing in 
this State and in Oregon, much less to proceed legally 
against those whom he has sought to smirch with a 
foul-dealing tongue. Time was when Mr. Heney 
delivered himself in these questionable respects before 
collegiate and "civic" audiences ; time was when he was 
invited upon the basis of his moral pretensions to 
speak in churches and before groups of morally 
inspired enthusiasts. But times and conditions are 
altered; he now hunts up his audiences, makes no dis- 
guise of his political motives, attempting no embarrass- 
ing explanations. 

At San Diego, on the 14th instant, in the course of 
a general round of the southern counties, Mr. Heney 
spoke in Germania Hall in special condemnation of 
what he termed "railroad politics," the assumption 
being that the Republicanism of California is so poor 
a thing as to be completely subservient to a concen- 
trated and masterful dictation. He championed espe- 
cially that system of political action whose beauties 
have been so signally illustrated in the breakdown 
of organized and orderly politics in our neighbor- 
ing State of Oregon. In the course of this address 
he finally got around to his experiences as a prose- 
cutor in San Francisco, and in this connection 
he disclaimed any intention of extending the sphere 
of his operations. On the contrary, he said — we quote 
the full and apparently accurate report of the San 
Diego Union of the 15th instant — "I liken myself to a 
man with a hold on a bear's tail ; if any one will help 
me let go, I will never take hold of it again." From 
this remark it seems fair to judge that Mr. Heney is 
getting tired of his job and would like to find a way to 
give it up. Really, when we consider the amazing 
complications into which his false purpose, his illegal 
grants of immunity to confessed criminals, his gross 
bargaining for "evidence," his shameless falsehoods, his 
legal blundering, and his repeated failures have led 
him — when all this is considered, there appears reason 

enough why he should wish for surcease of his 


It is not alone in connection with his San Francisco 

activities that Mr. Heney is in the depths of discom- 
fort. At Portland last week a jury in the United 
States court returned a verdict of not guilty against 
J. H. Booth, one of the famous Heney cases — and this 
in face of the fact that the defense offered no evidence 
whatever. The only serious witness against Booth was 
Frederick A. Kribs, a notorious timber shark and a 
self-confessed briber, who has become attached to 
Heney under his notorious policy of immunity to 
grosser criminals for the sake of getting "testimony" 
against persons of business or social recognition. 
Booth's attorney simply stated that he did not think it 
necessary to combat the testimony of a known scoun- 
drel who appeared upon the stand as a witness under 
an immunity bribe. 

Commenting on this decision, the Portland Spectator 
attributes it to lack of confidence in Mr. Heney and his 
associates in the prosecution. We quote : 

What has caused this change in sentiment toward the land 
fraud cases ? The people are as honest today as they were 
last year ; they abhor crime and hate criminals now as they 
did then. They know that government can not long exist in 
which men are either too insignificant or too powerful to be 
punished for their offenses. To change the views of the 
people toward crimes committed against themselves, some 
strange influence must have worked. The methods of the 
prosecution wrought the change. The prosecution threw out 
its dragnet, and indicted indiscriminately ; when it did not 
indict, it issued statements. It tried men on the street cor- 
ners, at banquets, in hotel corridors, and in newspapers ; and 
in those fine, free courts of justice it found its victims guilty, 
and beggared and disgraced them, drove them from the profits 
of their private undertakings, or forced them out of public 
life. It made fish of one and flesh of another and fowl of a 
third ; it gave the briber immunity, that it might "get" the 
bribed, whose pull or personality displeased. It gave the 
crime-producer and the criminal-maker pardon, that it might 
"reach" some one against whom it had a grudge. 

The Oregonian, commenting on the outcome in this 
same case, spoke as follows: 

The acquittal of lames H. Booth is not surprising. It was, 
indeed, expected. The testimony failed to sustain the grava- 
men of the indictment. Moreover, the verdict of the jury is 
one more proof that public sentiment does not sustain the 
method of the prosecution, which puts men under indictment, 
and then holds the charge over them for years before bringing 
them to trial — giving out meantime every kind of insinuation 

ainst them and against others, too, who are constantly 
threatened and maligned, but never even indicted. This sort 
of thing not only has become wearisome, but kindles indigna- 
tion and resentment. It does not please the people of Oregon 
that these trials have been delayed for years, for pursuance 
of spectacular objects elsewhere, which, however, also has 
failed. Binger Hermann has been under indictment here for 
years, yet never has been brought to trial and never will be. 
All sorts of charges have been thrown out against Charles W. 
Fulton, yet there has been nothing but gas and wind on which 
to base them. No wonder the public patience is exhausted. 

Really, it is not surprising that Mr. Heney should 
cry aloud for somebody to help him let go of the bear's 

His Name Is Dennis. 
Hats off when, at sunset gun, the regimental band 
plays "The Star-Spangled Banner !" 

To this order no one has ever given a more ready 
response than one Second Lieutenant Gordon A. Den- 
nis, Twentieth Infantry, U. S. A. But while serving 
out the sentence pronounced upon him by court-martial, 
young Dennis is spending his time revising the line: 
"O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave." 

Because he knew himself to be a brave man, and 
thought himself a free man endowed with certain 
nalienable rights, among which are the pursuit of 
happiness, Second Lieutenant Dennis proceeded to 
act upon his convictions. It was May in Mon- 
terey. The dashing lieutenant, impelled by the lusty 
blood of youth, sauntered beyond the pickets of the 
Presidio, exhilarated to the extent that makes for the 
extreme of the poetic and romantic mood. Given a 
jaunty young lieutenant, the month of May, one of 
Monterey's glorious days of blue and gold, and you 
have your idyl of the spring ready made — lacking 
only "that not impossible she." Young Dennis, a king 
by the divine right of the grape-leaves in his hair, 
seeing his idyl so nearly complete, paused to listen for 
the frou-frou of petticoats. ■ Scouting the parade, 
Second Lieutenant Dennis made straight for Ordway's, 
a drug store, where we doubt not ice-cream soda is 

The "perfect music unto noble words" appeared 
promptly around the corner spic and span in a peek- 
a-boo waist and a white parasol — Tableau ! For once 
the world was his, and the lieutenant, having been 
trained in his country's service to prompt action, seized 
the psychological moment. 

"All the world is full of spring, 
Full of swallows on the wing," 

the soul of young Dennis sang, and such a trifling dis- 
crepancy as the lack of an introduction did not for an 
instant disturb his serenity. To show there was no 
hard feeling between them so far as he was concerned, 
the gay lieutenant beamed confidingly upon the treble 
note in his pastorale, and, although the charge does not 
specify it, gave the damsel a glance which plainly 
meant "two straws with but a single glass." But 
despite the merry month of May, the blueness of 
the skies, the dashing second lieutenant's large- 
minded generosity, it was not to be. Unmoved by 
the poetic setting of the situation, unmelted by 
the glory of the Monterey sunshine, this climax 
of his hopes ruffled her feathers, so to speak, and 
summoned a policeman. His dream of fair women 
proved to be a nightmare, from which the lieutenant 
awoke in the guardhouse. Before a general court- 
martial which convened at the Presidio of Monterey, 
pursuant to paragraph 4, Special Orders No. 125, cur- 
rent series, these headquarters, was arraigned and tried 
Second Lieutenant Gordon A. Dennis, Twentieth Infan- 
try, U. S. A., for "making eyes." Measuring a flight 
of the poetic temperament by the sordid standards of 
the articles of war, the lieutenant was charged with 
"conduct to the prejudice of good order and military 
discipline in violation of the sixty-second article of 
war," with the specification: In that Second Lieutenant 
Gordon A. Dennis, Twentieth Infantry) did appear 
while dressed in the uniform of his grade, in broad day- 
light, on a public street of Monterey, California, in the 
presence of enlisted men of his command and make 
goo-goo eyes at the ladies. The court-martial with the 
power vested in it by the United States government 
pronounced sentence on Lieutenant Dennis, "To forfeit 
fifty dollars of his pay and to be confined to the limits 
of his post for one month." 

Ergo for one month the maids of Monterey are free 
to order at Ordway's what they may choose without 
further interruption from Second Lieutenant Dennis. 
And while a nation drunk with power and a soulless 
War Department concur in the decision that "making 
eyes" is in violation of army regulations, an officer of 
the United States regular army, deprived of his lib- 
erty, ponders the meanings of the words "free" and 

But, while Lieutenant Dennis languishes a prisoner 
within his post and the example of his punishment 
enforces the order "Eyes front" for all the other gal- 
lants of the Presidio, the spirits of feminine Monterey 
are at half-mast. Second-best peek-a-boos are good 
enough now, white parasols are left at home. Who 
cares for freckles or tan, and who needs protection 
against goo-goo eyes? Nobody takes the trouble to go 
to Ordway's any more. What's the use? 

"But the sea, so they tell us, is grand, 

And the sky is magnificent too, 

And they rave their devotion 

To sky and to ocean 

In political hullabaloo. 

But what do we care for the sea, 

And why should we care for the shore ? 

With no man by the ocean 

Expressing devotion 

The whole horrid thing is a bore !" 

Thus say actions that speak louder than words at 
lonely and gloomy Monterey. 

Editorial Notes. 
The latest suggestion for a national mark of 
honor for the name and memory of Abraham Lincoln 
is for a broad highway to be called the "Lincoln 
Road" connecting the national capital with the Gettys- 
burg battlefield. This reminds us of an incident at 
Portland a few years back in connection with the erec- 
tion of a monument to some twenty or more Oregon 
youths killed in the Philippines. A considerable fund 
had been raised for a memorial and suggestions as to 
the form it should take were many and diverse. To 
an enthusiastic lover of animals came the happy thought 
of turning this fund to merciful and beneficent account 
not inconsistent, according to his own ideas, with the 
general purpose in view. His proposal was nothing 
less than the setting up in the heart of Portland of a 
magnificent horse-trough with the names of the heroic 
dead whose deeds it was sought to commemorate deeply 
carved in its granite sides. 

Before we estimate too severely the cruelties of the 
Spanish bull-ring, we would do well to take stock 
of the growing taste in our own country for those 
"thrilling" spectacles and sports which appeal to the 
public on the score of the dangers involved in 
and which do not appeal in vain. The au' 
loop-the-loop, for example, is about as demor.: 



July 25, 1908. 

thing as can well be imagined. In every instance the 
man — or more commonly the woman — who consents to 
be strapped to a machine while it turns a somersault in 
the air, runs a frightful hazard, and almost unfailingly 
every such "performer" comes to a tragic end. The 
most serious part of the business, however, lies in its 
nervous and moral effects upon those who turn to such 
"sport" for amusement. If the bull-ring has been an 
evil influence in Spain, sports of the loop-the-loop 
type are bound to be mischievous here. It is inevitable 
that those who have become accustomed to amuse- 
ments whose interest lies in the hazard assumed 
by the performer will lose all taste for natural and 
wholesome entertainment. They are certain to develop 
a kind of abnormal craving which is not to be satisfied 
with normal things. We have not much faith in law as a 
means of regulating popular conduct, much less popu- 
lar taste. But if there be any way by which the youth 
of the country may be saved from the demoralizations 
which accompany intense and unnatural sports, it 
ought speedily to be found. Grownups, perhaps, have 
a right, stupid and foolish though they may be, to 
amuse themselves with nerve-racking spectacles; but 
surely it is a public duty to safeguard children against 

such abominations. 

The death of Charles Webb Howard, which occurred 
at San Rafael on Friday of last week, removes from 
the life of San Francisco not only a man of large 
affairs and high character, but a singularly charming 
and lovable figure. Mr. Howard at the time of his 
death was in his seventy-eighth year, but up to the 
period of his fatal illness he never seemed to grow 
old. His interest in life was perennially fresh, and 
despite the vicissitudes from which none can ever be 
exempt, he got out of life very much. He gave 
freely of sympathy and affection and as freely were 
sympathy and affection returned to him. Few who 
pass out of the world under the full measure of years 
granted to Charles Webb Howard are so grievously 
missed as he will be. Mr. Howard was a native 
of Vermont and was born January 23. 1831. He 
came to California as a very young man early in the 
'50s, and practically his whole life was spent here. 
His business activities were many, including the devel- 
opment of the great Shafter-Howard land properties 
in Marin County, the administration of the Spring 
Valley Water Company, of which he was the president 
for approximately thirty years, the development of 
the Xatoma vineyards in Sacramento County, with 
a multitude of other projects. He belonged by natural 
propensity and the circumstances of his life to the 
upbuilders of the commonwealth, and in the history 
of pioneer California his name will stand associated 
with those of Ralston, Sharon, Babcock, Allen, Parrott, 
and others of their day. It was Mr. Howard's fortune 
to live far beyond the period of his immediate genera- 
tion and thus to associate himself with two eras in the 
life and development of California. 

It is indeed curious that those who ostentatiously 
undertake a reformation of politics usually fall into 
practices worse than those against which nominally they 
contend. The exposures of the week in connection 
with the activities of the Spreckels-Burns-Heney outfit, 
now masquerading in the name of Lincoln-Roosevelt 
League, sufficiently illustrate the case. Here we see, 
done in the sacred name of reform, a series of 
attempts at bribery with political employments, more 
gross — more "raw" in the terms of the game — than the 
things ever dreamed of by political professionalism. 
The public has the right to expect that those who enter 
the political arena with loudly acclaimed purpose to 
cleanse and purify it will proceed by means in the 
spirit of their professed intentions. In other words, it 
is reasonable to expect and it is not unreasonable to 
demand that the reforming politician shall be a better 
man, proceeding by better courses, than those whom he 
seeks to push aside in the name of morality. The 
trouble, we fear, in the political end of the Spreckels 
game is precisely that which has destroyed the legal 
phase of the Spreckels movement. There is oppor- 
tunity in plenty for reform in California; but whoever 
proposes to establish better conditions owes it to good 
faith and to common honesty to proceed by proper 
methods. A "reform" which at bottom is nothing 
more than a scheme to transfer the leadership in poli- 
tics from the established organization to Mr. Rudolph 
Spreikels, a man of no politics, to Mr. Francis T. 
Herty, a Democrat, and to Mr. William Burns, a pro- 
<nal criminal hunter from nowhere, is no reform 
• •_ 1. It is not worthy of respect, because it is instinct 
itii fraud and humbug. There is. we repeat, abundant 

opportunity for reform ; but if reform is to be respected 
and effective it must give assurance of honest purposes 
and of a decent working capability. Furthermore, 
reform in the Republican part)', when it comes, must 
come through Republicans and through persons who 
have a reasonable stake in the State. The mere name 
of reform will not serve to carry an illiterate and 
scheming money-bag with his staff of political nonde- 
scripts and paid servants into public confidence and into 
political authority. 

The state of the money market and the status of the 
credit of Los Angeles are both duly exploited in a con- 
tract under which twenty-and-odd millions of Owens 
River water bonds have just been marketed through 
the bond houses of Kountze Brothers and A. B. Leach 
& Co. of New York. The terms of the contract were 
arranged upon the basis of a compromise, the syndi- 
cate finally paying more than was at first offered. The 
purchasers agree to take $2,204,000 of an issue bearing 
interest at 4yi per cent at 100^4- Full payment for 
this issue is to be made by October 15. Another issue 
of similar amount and upon similar terms is to be 
taken in February next and payment completed by 
June. The syndicate also takes options on the balance 
of the bonds, which, in effect, it agrees to take at the 
rate of $816,000 every sixty days, but not more than 
$5,000,000 in any one year, except the last, when it will 
take the $6,000,000 remaining. The first two years the 
premium is to be one-fourth of one per cent, the third 
year one-half of one per cent, and the last year one per 

The Argonaut has not been able to convince itself 
that there is anything more worthy of consideration 
than a yellow sensation in the Claudianes "exposures" 
which have gorged so many newspaper columns during 
the past week. Possibly the Claudianes boys, under 
the direction of Felix Pauduveris, all Greeks of a low 
and criminal type, had something or everything to do 
with the explosions which wrecked the Gallagher 
houses. Apparently and probably, Pauduveris has been 
associated with Abe Ruef in the latter's political activi- 
ties, and therefore in such sympathy with Ruef as 
to be subject to his influence, or at least to be willing 
to do him a service. That Ruef actually inspired the 
explosion is possible, but not probable ; for, while he is 
all kinds of a scoundrel, it is not easy to believe him a 
reckless and cold-blooded assassin. He is no fool, and 
even if he were disposed to the most desperate of vil- 
lainies, he would not be likely to do a thing which could 
not in any possible way be of use to him. Possibly 
Pauduveris, under a general retainer of cooperation 
and friendship with Ruef, caused these crimes to be 
committed upon a crank theory that they would help 
Ruef out of his difficulties. Of course, the story of 
John Claudianes must be taken with large doses of 
salt. One "confession" might possibly be taken seri- 
ously even from one who is manifestly capable of any 
deception, but many confessions, inconsistent with each 
other, tend to suspicion. That the man. is a reckless 
liar is the plainest demonstration of his maudlin chat- 
terings. The freedom with which he incriminates any- 
body and everybody at enmity with whomever he hap- 
pens to be talking indicates a looseness of mind and an 
ease of conscience against which safeguards of whole- 
some doubt may well be maintained. Through the 
detention of Claudianes, and of those with whom he has 
been associated, we may ultimately have the truth of 
this dastardly business. But that we have it in any 
definite or dependable form through John Claudianes's 
"confessions" the Argonaut has no faith. 


There seems to be little opportunity to write of President 
Roosevelt's disappointment over the results of the Chicago 
convention. This is his letter on the subject : 

My Dear Senator Hopkins : — Let me thank and congratu- 
late you as chairman of the committee on resolutions for the 
excellent platform presented to the convention. It seems to 
me that from every standpoint we have reason to be gratified 
with the work of the convention. 

Again thanking you for your part in connection with it, 
believe me, Very sincerely yours, 

Theodore Roosevelt. 

Too sweeping a renunciation of possible future honors will 
not aid Mr. Bryan, if the summing up by the Springfield 
Republican is accepted as a clear view of the Democratic can- 
didate's dilemma: 

Mr. Bryan perhaps should serioush* consider the suggestion 
that he pledge himself not to be a candidate for the presi- 
dency again not only if he should be elected, but if he should 
be defeated. There are conservative Democrats who might 
be won to him in this campaign if he would make such a 
declaration, but, on the other hand, there are conservatives 
who would as surely turn in and pile up defeat for him in the 
exultant expectation that that would finish him. As a ques- 
tion in tactics, Mr. Bryan's procedure in this matter may have 
its difficulties. 


Justice David J. Brewer of the United States 
Supreme Court, though seventy years old, by his 
speeches throughout the country did much to thwart 
the third-term movement for Roosevelt. 

The first and only ballot at the Denver convention 
for nominees for the presidency gave Bryan the com- 
manding and decisive total of 892J/2 votes, or 221 more 
than enough to nominate. Gray had 59J4 votes and 
Johnson 46. 

It is said that the work of driving mail-order 
swindlers out of the metropolis has been committed to 
Inspector James G. Cortelyou, brother of Secretary 
Cortelyou, who is an acknowledged expert in that field 
of inspection. 

Ex-Speaker John G. Carlisle attended the funeral of 
ex-President Cleveland and later, at Washington, was 
asked if he would support the Denver ticket. He 
refused to say and as positively declined to be inter- 
viewed on the subject. 

Algernon Sartoris, the grandson of President Grant, 
has entered the diplomatic service through appointment 
by President Roosevelt to be secretary of the legation 
at Guatemala in place of William P. Sands, who was 
transferred to Mexico City. 

Secretary of the Interior Garfield has decided to 
decimate the ranks of the regiment of women in the 
departments at Washington. At least in the Depart- 
ment of the Interior the higher class of women clerks 
must give way to men, it is said. 

Mayor Tom L. Johnson of Cleveland was defeated 
for membership on the Xational Democratic Committee 
at the formal caucus of the Ohio delegation. It was 
already slated that H. C. Garber of Columbus was to 
succeeded Mr. Johnson, but the Cleveland mayor put 
up a hard fight. 

Thomas E. Watson, in a speech at Atlanta, Georgia, 
accepting the Populist nomination for President, 
classed many millionaires, whom he mentioned by 
name, as criminals, and denounced corporations and 
trusts as the merciless enemies of the people, which had 
caused the financial distress of last fall. 

Constantin Brun, the Danish minister to the United 
States, will be transferred from Washington to London 
in the autumn to succeed F. E. de Bille, who retires 
from the diplomatic service. Count Carl von Moltke, 
the Danish minister to Italy, whose wife was Cornelia 
Van Rensselaer Thayer, daughter of Nathaniel Thayer 
of Boston, will succeed M. Brun at Washington. 

Henry Clay was three times an unsuccessful candi- 
date for President. Three times Andrew Jackson was 
a candidate for President and twice he was elected. 
In 1824 the election went into the Xational House of 
Representatives, and John Quincy Adams was chosen. 
Grover Cleveland's record equaled Jackson's. James 
G. Blaine was an aspirant for the nomination for Presi- 
dent at the hands of the Republicans three times, but 
won the prize only once. 

John D. Archboid, vice-president of the Standard 
Oil Company, recently called at Sagamore Hill accom- 
panied by his son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. 
A. Saunderson. Mr. and Mrs. Saunderson, who have 
recently returned from a hunting trip in the wildest 
portions of Africa, told Mr. Roosevelt of their experi- 
ences with lions, elephants, and gorillas. A great port- 
folio containing photographs taken in Africa of the 
haunts of big game was examined. 

The San Jacinto Valley in California will hereafter 
be known as the Cleveland Xational Forest. It has 
been so renamed by President Roosevelt in honor of 
the late President, under whose administration the 
first national forests were created. In 1S97. in honor 
of Washington's 165th birthday anniversary, and upon 
the recommendation of the Xational Academy of 
Sciences, President Cleveland created thirteen national 
forests, containing about 23,000,000 acres. The San 
Jacinto forest was "one of the original thirteen so 

Although he worked unceasingly for the renomina- 
tion of President Roosevelt, Senator Jonathan Bourne, 
Jr.. of Oregon, does not hesitate to criticise the methods 
employed to encompass the nomination of Mr. Taft. 
"Anxious for the perpetuation of his policies," said 
Senator Bourne, "President Roosevelt has introduced 
an element of danger into our political life. As a 
result of the methods employed to nominate Secretary 
Taft, the residuary legateeship in the White House is 
more imminent, having this precedent, than perpetuity 
of dynasty in a monarchy where natural causes operate 
to extinguish families." 

In its comments on Mr. Sherman, the Republican 
nominee for the vice-presidency, the Louisville Courier- 
Journal found nothing more serious to allege than a 
lack of confidence in the candidate's facial adornment. 
This is the paragraph : "There is no appeal to the com- 
mon people in the personality of the side-whiskered 
politician. He is foredoomed to failure from the 
beginning. In business, we respect the side-whiskered 
man for the money he has made. As the head of a 
financial institution his mutton chops sort with the 
ruffles or plaits of his shirt and the starch in his collar. 
In the pulpit he may command attention and win 
affection. There is nothing to be said against the mut- 
ton chop per se. There is no hope for it at the present 
time in politics." 

July 25, 1908. 



Gertrude Hoffmann Imitates Maud Allan's Semi-Nude 
Dance for Hammerstein's Patrons. 

Vaudeville has not only reached for the inspiration 
of Oscar Wilde and Richard Strauss, but has actually 
taken it. and the perverted art that made the scriptural 
incident of John the Baptist's decapitation the basis 
of an operatic movement is now serving to satisfy the 
sensation-craving habitues of the roof-gardens. Wil- 
liam Hammerstein is the enterprising manager, Ger- 
tfude Hoffmann is the daring poseur, and the Victoria 
Theatre and Roof Garden are the birthplace of the 
spectacle. It is not an original act, and Manager 
Hammerstein frankly gives credit to the real origi- 
nator. He saw Maud Allan's performance at the 
Palace Theatre in London some time ago and tried 
to engage the dancer for appearances in New York, 
but without success. On his return he planned to have 
Gertrude Hoffman cross the Atlantic, observe Miss 
Allan's dance carefully, and produce a studied and 
exact imitation of the London sensation here. His 
project has been well carried out, and, so far as one 
may judge from reports, the imitation is not unworthy 
of its original. 

As in London, the act is entitled "A Vision of 
Salome." At the Roof Garden it is the fifth number 
on a vaudeville programme, but it easily wins first place 
in the regard of the spectators. A big but not unusual 
audience assembled Monday night, though it must be 
admitted that opera-glasses were more in evidence than 
on ordinary occasions. It had been freely announced 
that brevity of costume would be one of the distinguish- 
ing features of the "vision," and most of those present 
appeared with the determination to gather ocular 
evidence rather than to depend upon general descrip- 
tions. There was unanimous disapproval — by the 
courteous sex — of some towering samples of millinery 
that resisted the desperate attentions of the ushers, and 
in time they were lowered and hundreds of eyes took 
their first view of the stage. In the orchestra Max 
Hoffman, the husband of the dancer, stood at the 
leader's desk, and in response to his baton the brasses 
drowned the strings in the burst of aggressive music 
that preceded the dance measures. 

Purple velour curtains parted revealing Salome 
posed upon a terrace in the courtyard of Herod's 
palace. The scene painter, stage manager, and elec- 
trician had done their parts well, for the settings and 
blue and red lights were harmonious and attractive. 
But the feminine figure was dominant in the effect. 
The dancer stood with her hands raised above her 
head for a moment, then came slowly down the steps 
and began the sinuous movements of the dance. Her 
costume was certainly not elaborate. Above the waist, 
two jeweled plates and several ropes of gems; then, 
abbreviated white trunks and a spangled skirt of trans- 
parent black gauze. No swathing of veils, seven or 
less, but an ideal toilet for comfort on a summer even- 
ing. It is said to be a faithful copy of Maud Allan's 
raiment in the original, and though perhaps a little 
unconventional, it is aesthetic and artistic. The most 
squeamish will commend it as preferable to the flesh- 
ings and half-length stockings with rolled tops affected 
by the ladies of burlesque. Naked as the feet, limbs, 
and torso are, the idea of exposure is not insistent or 

So far as the dance itself is concerned, there is little 
to say. It is Oriental, and, aside from the accessory 
of the severed head, neither especially alluring nor 
repellent. At the end of the first part of the dance 
Miss Hoffman caught up the charger on which lay the 
head draped with netting, and gloated over it. Then 
she set it on the ground and casting herself down before 
it performed symbolic convolutions and spasmodic 
writhings. Again she took up the imitation head, 
kissed it, flung it into the well, and then fainted. The 
curtains dropped and met and the scene was ended. 
It may be such an exhibition as stirred the blood of 
King Herod, but the monarch of scriptural history was 
not a sophisticated youth or sated old man of Man- 
hattan. This imitation Salome appears before more 
critical judges. She must win, if at all, by her beauty, 
her grace, or her personal magnetism, for her dance 
has little of the real dancer's art in its poses or ser- 
pentine undulations. There are attitudes and turnings 
in it that are reminiscent of Loie Fuller, but of Mile. 
Genee's thistle-down lightness, bird-like flights, and 
sprightly advances and retreats there is not the slight- 
est suggestion. 

At the One Hundred and Twenty-Fifth Street 
Theatre there is another Salome dance, and that, too, 
is drawing crowds. The dancer is La Sylphe, and she 
wears fleshings and slippers, but is still a sensation. 
As a dancer, La Sylphe is entitled to serious con- 
sideration. She has studied and practiced long and 
assiduously. When a mere child she began dancing at 
a New York theatre, but the S. P. C. C., that super- 
serviceable organization which has assumed the guard- 
ianship of public morals and youthful industry, 
objected and little Miss Lambdelle was driven away. 
She was taken to France by her mother and in Paris 
took lessons in the classical dance. Her natural apti- 
tude was demonstrated, for in time she became the 
premier dancer at the Folies Bergeres. It was there 
that she first did the Salome dance, with the wax coun- 
terfeit head, long before Maud Allan achieved a tri- 
umph with the same sort of performance in London. 
La Sylphe, as she is known now, came back to America 
and danced through a long engagement over the 
Orpheum circuit without winning more than passable 

success. Last week at Keith & Proctor's she gave her 
Salome dance and at once wormed herself into popu- 

Hammerstein's production is the more ambitious, so 
far as artistic investiture, subdued lights, and appro- 
priate music are concerned, but neither of the two 
exhibitions has enduring vitality. It is doubtful if 
either would score in any but a metropolitan play- 
house. With the accompaniments of grand opera, and 
an artist like Mary Garden in the Salome role, it is 
easy to imagine a real and sustained interest. But the 
atmosphere of these vaudeville productions is not one 
that conduces to admiration of the near artistic or 
heavilv audacious. Flaxeur. 

New York, July 14, 1908. 


The faithful helm commands the keel, 
From port to port fair breezes blow ; 

But the ship must sail the convex sea, 
Nor may she straighter go. 

So, man to man ; in fair accord. 

On thought and will the winds may wait ; 

But the world will bend the passing word, 
Though its shortest course be straight. 

From soul to soul the shortest line 

At best will bended be : 
The ship that holds the straightest course 

Still sails the convex sea. 

—John Boyle O'Reilly. 

Douglas Gordon. 
"Row me o'er the strait, Douglas Gordon, 

Row me o'er the strait, my love." said she. 
"Where we greeted in the summer, Douglas Gordon. 
Beyond the little kirk bv the old, old trysting tree." 
Never a word spoke Douglas Gordon. 
But he looked into her eyes so tenderly. 
And he set her at his side. 
And away across the tide 
They floated to the little kirk, 
And the old, old trysting tree. 

"Give me a word of love, Douglas Gordon, 

Just a word of pity, O my love," said she, 
"For the bells will ring tomorrow, Douglas Gordon, 

My wedding bells, my love, but not for you and me. 
They told me you were false, Douglas Gordon, 
And you never came to comfort me !" 
And she saw the great tears rise. 
In her lover's silent eyes. 
As they drifted to the little kirk. 
And the old, old trysting tree. 

"And it's never, never, Douglas Gordon, 

Never in this world that you may come to me. 
But tell me that you love me. Douglas Gordon, 

And kiss me for the love of all that used to be !" 
Then he flung away his sail, his oars and rudder, 
And he took her in his arms so tenderly. 
And they drifted on amain, 
And the bells mav call in vain, 
For she and Douglas Gordon 
Are drowned in the sea. 

— Frederic Edicard Weatherly. 

The Two Friends. 

I have two friends — two glorious friends — two better could 

not be, 
And every night when midnight tolls they meet to laugh with 


The first was shot by Carlist thieves ten years ago in Spain. 
The second drowned near Alicante — while I alive remain. 

I love to see their dim white forms come floating through the 

And grieve to see them fade away in early morning light. 

The first with gnomes in the Under Land is leading a lordly 


The second has married a raermaiden — a beautiful water 


And since I have friends in the Earth and Sea — with a few, 

I trust, on high — 
'Tis a matter of small account to me the way that I may die. 

For whether I sink in the foaming flood, or swing on the 

triple tree. 
Or die in my bed, as a Christian should, is all the same to me. 
— Charles Godfrey Leland. 

The British House of Lords has passed the second 
reading of the old-age pension bill, thus insuring its 
becoming a law. In the course of the debate of the 
pension bill Lord Rosebery and Lord Cromer both 
attacked the measure on the ground of its socialistic 
tendencies, both predicting that it would eventually 
involve the country in a policy of protection. Lord 
Rosebery described the measure as the most important 
bill submitted to Parliament in forty years, and cited 
the pension system in the United States as an example 
of what such a bill might lead to. He declared that 
it was the first duty of the country to prepare for the 
European conflict which probably would be forced 
upon Great Britain before many years. He thought 
that the bill, by entailing a protective policy, would tend 
to widen the breach between Great Britain and foreign 
nations and thus increase the danger of war. 

While the grading of Main Street. Manassas, Vir- 
ginia, was in progress recently the workmen discovered 
that their picks went to a depth that indicated a sub- 
terraneous cavity. Upon investigation it was dis- 
covered that a trench to the depth of three feet had 
been dug, and a number of barrels of flour put therein 
and concealed from the enemy on the evacuation of 
Manassas by the Confederate troops. A large quantity 
of barrel staves and a white substance resembling de- 
cayed flour were exhumed. 


In 1885 New York had only twenty-eight million- 
aires; now it has over 2000. 

Miss Ellen Tompkins has just won the Curins prize 
for oratory at the State Presbyterian College, Hastings, 

Mrs. E. E. Teape and her daughter, Mrs. Mackelvie, 
recently accomplished the feat of a 4000-nule trip in 
an automobile from Portland, Maine, to Portland, Ore- 
gon, without the presence or assistance of men. 

Count Sergius Witte is not only no longer at the 
helm of the Russian government, but stands almost 
alone even in the council of the empire. Nevertheless 
a strong feeling prevails that Count Witte's day is not 
done, that he will be recalled in the first emergency. 

Charles A. Keath, who holds one of the American 
Rhodes scholarships, recently returned to Philadelphia 
to join the St. Louis baseball team of the American 
League. He has put in one year at Oxford and has 
two more ahead of him. Keath said the only practice 
he could get at Oxford had been with other American 
Rhodes men. 

Nicholas Murray Butler, president of Columbia Uni- 
versity, New York, who is to give a series of lectures 
at the universities of Copenhagen, Stockholm, and 
Christiania, was received with honor on his arrival in 
Paris. He visited the Palais Bourbon as the guest of 
Baron D'Estournelles de Constant and met a cordial 
reception from the French parliamentary arbitration 
group which went to the United States last year. 

Miss Ethel Roosevelt will celebrate her seventeenth 
birthday next month by a small house party of girl 
friends. The President and Mrs. Roosevelt have 
decided to present her to society at an unusually youth- 
ful age for a debutante in order that she may be a 
White House bud. It is expected that she will make 
her bow to society at a ball in the East Room, like her 
elder sister, Mrs. Longworth, who was also presented 
at an early age. 

Dr. William J. Holland, the director of the Carnegie 
Museum at Pittsburg, has returned from a trip to 
Germany and France on behalf of Andrew Carnegie to 
present life-size plaster casts of the diplodocus, the 
mammoth skeleton found in Wyoming. In recognition 
of his services to science, the German emperor con- 
ferred upon Dr. Holland the Order of the Crown, while 
President Fallieres bestowed upon him the Cross of 
the Legion of Honor. 

Signora Rina Monti has just been appointed pro- 
fessor of zoology and comparative anatomy at the Uni- 
versity of Sassari, Italy. After the death of Professor 
Maggi of the University of Pavia, she taught compara- 
tive anatomy in that institution, and then for two 
years at Siena, but it is only recently that she has had 
a university professorship conferred on her. Although 
the wife of Signor Augusto Stella and the devoted 
mother of a handsome boy, she keeps her maiden name 
in her scientific work. 

The birth recently of a son and heir to the Duke of 
Norfolk was treated in England as an event of almost 
national importance. The Duke of Norfolk is a man 
of mark in many ways. He is the most important lay 
member of the Roman Church in Great Britain, and 
acts to all intents and purposes, when occasion arises, 
as British ambassador to the Vatican. He is also the 
premier peer of Great Britain, and the birth of a son 
insures the continuance in the direct male line of the 
ancient family of Howard, which stands next to the 
blood royal at the head of the English peerage and 
traces its descent back to Saxon times. 

The study of the stars has appealed to many women, 
yet among astronomers of her sex Maria Mitchell, for 
many years professor at Vassar, has remained without 
a peer. She was born in Nantucket in 1819, and the 
people of the town have dedicated a memorial observa- 
tory in her honor. The telescope which was presented 
to Miss Mitchell by the women of America has been 
mounted there, also the Alvan Clark instrument which 
was presented to her by a number of women in Massa- 
chusetts. Her valuable library has been given over to 
the association that bears her name, and has also been 
located in the building. Miss Mitchell shares with 
Margaret Fuller the honor of being the only women 
whose names are inscribed on the tablets in the Boston 
Public Library. Her most famous discovery was that 
of the comet of 1847. 

At the recent celebration of its seventy-fifth anniver- 
sary Oberlin, the first college in the United States to 
admit women, conferred on the Rev. Antoinette Brown 
Blackwell the honorary degree of D. D. Sixty-odd 
years ago when Antoinette Brown applied for admis- 
sion into the theological school of Oberlin the faculty 
was astonished, but because the charter of the college 
expressly provided that women should be admitted to 
all departments she could not be kept out. Lucy Stone, 
who was a student in the academic department of the 
college at the time, became a great friend of the one 
girl divinity student and is reported to have told her 
repeatedly that she did not believe public opinion would 
ever permit women to be ministers. On the Sunday of 
the recent commencement Mrs. Blackwell walked in 
the academic procession among all manner of digni- 
taries in cap and gown. Later she had a prominent 
seat on the platform in the chapel among delegates 
from thirty-six colleges, including Harvard, 
solemnly invested with the degree of doctor of di 
The Rev. Dr. Blackwell is now in her eight;, 
year and is a Unitarian. 



July 25, 1908. 


By Jerome A. Hart. 


Early the next morning Arthur received a message 
from Diana's maid, saying that after breakfast her 
mistress would be waiting to drive him to the river. 
From this he guessed that the flood was not so bad as 
had been feared. Dressing rapidly, and taking the cup 
of thick Mexican chocolate which was the simple 
breakfast at Plancha Grande, he hobbled to the portal. 
There he found Diana awaiting him with a light trap 
in which she had several times driven him over the 
valley since his improvement. It was a skeleton buck- 
board, drawn by a pair of American harness horses, for 
the native mustangs were poor draught animals. 

"Oh, Mr. Alden," called out Diana, "would you not 
like to drive down to the embarcadero and see the 
people working at the levees? They are like so many 
ants! It is well worth seeing." 

"I shall be delighted to go, but I hope you have not 
been there all night. If so, I shall have to scold you." 
" 'Tis the voice of the sluggard, I hear him com- 
plain," cried Diana gayly. "You, who have spent the 
night comfortably in bed, have no right to criticise us 
honest people who have been working at the river." 

"Xo. but seriously — tell me — you have not really been 
up all night!" 

"No — Mrs. Lyndon and I stayed an hour or so, until 
it was evident that man had prevailed over the ele- 
ments, and then we came away, and went to bed. It 
was a weird sight, that great crowd working by moon- 
light. Even now it will be interesting. And I was 
so sorry you had to stay behind last night that I deter- 
mined to take you down there early this morning if 
you care to go." 

If he cared to go ! Arthur thought of saying that if 
he did not care to go, with her to take him, he ought 
to be condemned for life to mop back mighty Amazons 
with penny brooms. But on reflection he feared this 
might sound absurd, so he merely murmured "It's 
awfully good of you," which, on further reflection, 
seemed to him trivial. 

But Diana had already taken the reins from the 
mozo, and Arthur slowly climbed into the buckboard. 
Toward the river they went at a spanking trot, and in 
a few minutes they were at the embarcadero. The 
scene was indeed curious. Up and down the river 
bank, for a long distance above and below the embar- 
cadero, some hundreds of men and women toiled away, 
fighting against the inrush of the water. Most of the 
women were engaged in filling bags with sand. A 
dozen or so among them at open fires near the river 
bank were cooking breakfast for the toilers. Scores 
of men were chopping down willows and alders, of 
whose branches they were building cribs, while other 
laborers were carrying sand-bags to the levees as fast 
as the women filled them. Among the workers was 
Helmont, who was the centre of the busy scene. 

"How goes the battle, captain?" asked Arthur, as 
the)- approached him. 

"We are beginning to prevail at last, I hope, but it 
has been a hard struggle. I never saw such a flood in 
all the years that I've been here. If you'll look across 
to the other bank of the river you may see what this 
side would have looked like if we hadn't fought the 
flood in time." 

"But I don't see any opposite bank," said Diana. 
In truth, looking to the westward nothing was to 
be seen but a vast sheet of water. 

"You can detect the other bank by the fringe of 
willows, now partlj- covered by the flood. The water 
has run over the river bank into the low land beyond 
it, for there is no levee there. I have a levee to protect 
my own land, but it will not help the owner on the 
other side of the stream." 

"But your levees will protect the owners below you, 
and their levees will prevent the water from backing 
up to your land." remarked Alden. 

"Where they have levees — yes," said Helmont dryly. 
"We are going to take a drive along the river," added 
Diana, "and we'll report how things look up the 

"Be careful you don't get cut off anywhere," warned 
Helmont. "You can't imagine the rapidity with which 
the water pours in on the low valley lands through an 
unexpected break in the levees." 

"We'll be careful," said Diana. "I don't think the 
flood waters could move rapidly enough to overtake 
these fast trotters of yours, captain ;" and with a smile 
and a nod she and Arthur left the busy scene, and 
drove up the valley. 

For some miles they kept to the road which paral- 
leled the river bank. It was with a strange sensation 
that they found themselves looking up over the leveed 
banks to the brimming river. A great river running 
through low lands has a curious effect when it is high. 
When a river has built up its bed and the riverine 
owners have built up its banks the floor of the valley 
looks as if it were lower than the bed of the stream. 
Thus, near the Delta of the Mississippi, one apparently 
walks up to the level of the river, and one looks up to 
the boats and barges on the surface of the stream. So 
it seemed to Diana and Arthur as their horses trotted 
bris'dy along — the vastness of the volume of water, 
restrained only by the frail dike, almost appalled them. 
Its seeming volume was added to by the absence of 
levee on the opposite bank, which was indicated 
v by the ripples curling around the trees, rushes, and 
vines there. It seemed to them as if they were 

at the edge of a great lake, or rather reservoir, whose 
mighty waters were held in check by a frail and inade- 
quate dam. 

"O-o-o-o!" cried Diana, "I am going to turn off to 
the right. The sight of that silent, resistless mass of 
water makes me feel creepy!" 

"It is a trifle uncomfortable to look at Besides we 
have gone far enough to report to the captain that his 
levees are sound." 

"I had intended to drive to where the Rio Xacional 
joins the great river. But I think we have gone far 
enough on our investigating tour. Let us go eastward 
toward the hills." And so saying, she swung her 
horses around into a well-beaten trail which was almost 
a road. 

"Do I imagine it, or do these horses seem relieved, 
now that you have left the river?" 

"It is not vour fancy merely," she replied, "you are 
right — they were restless and nervous all the way up; 
now they are going much more quietly." 

"What could have alarmed them, do you think ?" 

"I scarcely know," she replied, thoughtfully ; "it may- 
be that thev were once terrified by a flood breaking sud- 
denly through a leaking levee like that we have just 
left. Or it may be that they never saw so much water 

Arthur laughed. "You are not in earnest, are you?" 
he said quizzically. 

"Indeed I am. You must not forget that in this 
country many animals on the range see no water from 
year's end to year's end except the little spring or 
water-hole at which they drink. Much of Texas is 
waterless, and colts born there and taken elsewhere 
frequently show alarm at the sight of running water. 
They will often make a high leap to get over a little 
rivulet across a road." 

"Such animals would not be very useful for fording 
streams," went on Arthur, in the same quizzical tone. 

"They have to be trained to the sight, sound, and 
feel of running water, just as to any other unfamiliar 
thing," replied Diana, in a matter-of-fact tone. 

"But how about the floods?" 

"Captain Helmont says it is six years since the last 
flood, and these colts are four-year-olds. But here we 
are approaching a little higher ground — the valley 
seems to lie in terraces, as the foothills are approached. 
Shall we go back ?" 

"It is very pleasant to go on," said Arthur, reluc- 
tantly assenting, "but the day is advancing, and perhaps 
we had better turn. It seems a little selfish for us to 
be driving purely for pleasure when our generous host 
and all his people are so much concerned." 

"But you must not forget," corrected Diana laugh- 
ingly, "that this is only secondarily a drive for pleasure. 
We are on duty, which is to inspect the river banks and 
report all breaks in the levees. Whoa, there! What's 
the matter, girl ?" 

One of her team, a spirited filly, had suddenly begun 
to snort, and to dance uneasily. 

"I wonder what is the matter with her!" speculated 
Diana, "she acts as if she had heard a rattlesnake. Do 
you see anything to frighten her?" 

Arthur looked ahead and around. "Xo." he replied, 
"nothing unless it is that little runnel of dust-covered 
water there — it wriggles almost like a snake. You say 
that running water sometimes frightens them." 

"Water!" cried Diana, in a startled voice, "there 
should be no water here. Why, so there is — the South 
Fork levee must have given way!" And she checked 
her horses and looked fixedly at the little trickle of 
water which was making its way bravely, almost lost in 
the thick dust 

"Surely such an insignificant stream can mean no 
great damage to the levee!" 

Diana shook her head. "We are a long distance 
from either river," she replied, "this is merely the fore- 
runner of what I fear may be a big break." And she 
urged on her horses toward the west, where lay the 
main stream and the road which they had quitted an 
hour or two before. But scarcely had they gone a 
quarter of a mile when they found that the road, which 
before had been distinct, like a grayish ribbon running 
through the green, was no longer visible — the valley 
was slowly disappearing beneath the yellow water. 

Diana paused irresolute. 

"Surely, there is no danger!" cried Arthur. "The 
water is very shallow — it is only a few inches deep. | 
You can easily drive your horses back the way we 
came, even if the ground is covered with water." 

Diana shook her head. "I am afraid the water will 
rise more rapidly than we imagine," she replied, "but 
even if it did not, and even if we were to attempt to 
drive back by the road, the horses will not go. See!" 
And she urged them toward the shallow, creeping flood. 
But the terrified animals plunged and reared so wildly 
that there was danger of their breaking the pole. 

"Perhaps we can skirt to the eastward, and by driv- 
ing rapidly keep to the head of the advancing water," 
suggested Arthur, after a pause. 

"We can at least try it," she assented, "and perhaps 
the horses may get used to the sight of the water, and 
at last be willing to try a short cut and ford the flood." 

Along the floor of the valley they drove. There was 
here no road, not even a trail. Although the valley 
seemed level, it was not so, for they found it very rough 
riding. And time and again as the head of the advanc- 
ing flood seemed to- dwindle they would try to cut 
across its pathway. But like the mountain-climber, 
who as he ascends sees ever a higher peak, so the 
advancing flood seemed to have no head. And at last 
Diana, finding that they were being gradually forced 
further and further to the eastward, said: 

"I am afraid there is more than one break — another 
stream from the backwater down the river has poured 
into a low basin in the valley here, and has met the 
stream from above." 

"Then we are cut off from the Hacienda," exclaimed 

"I fear so," replied Diana. As she spoke a patch of 
the yellow water swirled around the wheels and under 
her horses' feet. With a rear and a bound the 
frightened animals recoiled. 

Diana let them have their heads. They would not 
even try to ford the shallow flood — she could not force 
them to it — possibly they were wiser than she. In- 
stinctively the horses made for higher ground. They 
were ascending one of the slight terraces with which 
the valley rises toward the hills. In effect, not far 
away was one of the curious isolated "buttes" or peaks, 
of which there were a number in the vallev. Toward 
this the horses made their way, and Diana let them go. 
It was perhaps well she did so. For a number of 
minutes their faces were turned awav from the west- 
ward, whence came the resistless but silent flood ; when 
at last, on fairly high ground, Diana turned her horses' 
heads, and they gazed out over the valley, both she and 
Arthur started, so sudden was the change. The 
ground over which they had been traveling, only a few 
minutes before, was now a great lake; the dike along 
the river's rim they could no longer see. but a fringe 
of willows, of cottonwoods, of sycamores, marked 
where it had been. On little elevations here and there 
were groups of horses, cattle, sheep, and mules, huddled 
forlornly together. And far off in the distance they 
could see the mighty mound on which lay the Hacienda, 
with its many buildings, safe and high above the flood, 
like an island in an inland sea. 

Long they sat there in silence, gazing at the land 
slowly changing into a lake. At last Arthur spoke : 

"We, too. seem to be on a kind of mound like that on 
which the Hacienda lies, although a much smaller one." 
"Yes, and our island is so high that it is quite safe — 
the water can never rise to its top." 

"There is a hut up there," said Arthur pointing. 
"Evidently some one lives here." 

"It must be some of Captain Helmont's people, for we 
are still on his land. Let's drive up and see." 

But when they reached and hailed the hut, Arthur in 
English, and then Diana in Spanish, there was no 
reply. Diana gave the reins to Arthur, alighted, and 
entered. In a moment she came out. 

"It is evidently a herder's hut." said she, "and it is 
occupied, for there is a partly prepared meal on the 
table. But there is no one here." 

"They must have hastened to the river bank to assist 
in mending the levees." 

"There is no one here." repeated Diana, as if she had 
not heard him. 

Her tone was so peculiar that Arthur grew surprised. 
"But we are in no danger!" he exclaimed. "You 
say there is food in the hut, and the water can never 
rise to the top of this hill." 

Diana looked at him. Could it be possible that he 
was thinking only of the bald, material conditions? — - 
of the distant danger from starvation? — of the remote 
possibility of the flood rising over the hill on which 
they were? Did he not realize that she was alone with 
him, and fated to remain alone with him for how long 
they could not tell? 

Diana's brow contracted as she looked at him. 
"Food! Danger!" she cried scornfully. "I said noth- 
ing of hunger or of danger!" 

"Then if we are in no danger of drowning and do not 
lack food we shall only have the inconvenience of wait- 
ing." said Arthur philosophically, "by tomorrow we 
shall be safe at the Hacienda." 

"Why do you say tomorrow?" flamed out Diana. 
"Why can they not find us by tonight?" 

"But they will find it as difficult to come from the 
Hacienda here as for us to go from here to the Haci- 
enda," he demurred. 

"Not at all," retorted Diana, with such heat that 
Arthur looked at her in wonder. "They will have no 
difficult)' in coming here — there are plenty of boats at 
the embarcadero."- 

"It may be," assented Arthur doubtfully, "but how 
will they know where we are?" 

Diana did not reply. Again she looked at him, and 
then averted her eyes. His failure to see how trying 
was her situation seemed to her incomprehensible. 
They were in a country around which still clung the 
Spanish traditions of the woman being ever guarded 
from the man; a country where the lover was never 
allowed to meet his sweetheart alone save at her win- 
dow with an iron grill between them ; a land where the 
natives looked on the innocent freedom with which 
American maidens w r alked or rode with men as food 
for toothsome scandal. And here, in such a calum- 
nious land, she was forced by fate to spend a day and 
perhaps a night on an islet in this waste of waters alone 
with him. 

She tingled from head to foot as she thought of it. 
She dug her nails into the palm of her strong hands, 
as she strove to devise some way of ending their 
imprisonment. But there was no way — none. There 
was nothing to do except to wait. And he — the man so 
calmly looking over the yellow flood would suffer not 
at all; he could not even understand her unendurable 
position; he could think of nothing save food and 

When Diana made no reply, Arthur felt dimly that 
his remark was displeasing to her, and said no more. 

She busied herself with taking out the horses, curtly 
rejecting his offers of assistance, which, truth to tell, 

July 25, 190S. 



were largely conventional, for his movements were so 
slow that he could have helped her little. She 
hobbled the horses, and turned them out to graze. 
Then she seated herself on the ground, and gazed wist- 
fully out over the waste of yellow water. When 
Arthur slowly came over and seated himself by her 
side, she alleged a desire to look after her horses, and 
[eft him. He gazed after her in perplexity, but she did 
not return for a long time. When she did come back, 
she went into the hut without speaking to him, and 
busied herself with preparing a meal. It was neces- 
sarily a simple one. for the herders lived apparently on 
jerked beef and beans. When she had prepared a 
savorj' stew °f tn i s > Diana brought it to Arthur, who 
proposed to join her at the table in the hut. 

"Thank you, no," she replied coldly, "I have already 
saten my supper." And with no further words, she left 
him again. 

As the evening wore into night, there was no fur- 
ther speech between them. Diana brought out a roll 
if blankets to Arthur, which she laid on the ground at 
some distance from the hut — a mute intimation that he 
was to lodge under the stars — no hardship, by the w-ay, 
:n that climate, when the night was fair. The hut she 
evidently considered as her castle. But Arthur, who 
slept but little, was concerned to see that she also took 
out little rest, for far into the night he saw her con- 
tinually appearing at the door of the hut, and gazing 
kcross the water, in the direction of the Hacienda. 
More than once he thought he heard her weeping. 
Poor girl ! Ail through the long night she was hoping 


Leaders in English Society Who Have Won Their Posi- 
tion by Tact and Grace. 

Two reasons can be found for a change in the atti- 
tude of English society toward American women. The 
first, of course, is that ever since King Edward came 
to the throne he has manifested his approval and 
admiration of them. Time and again he has pointedly 
demonstrated his desire that they should be included 
in all court functions and smart society affairs. At 
house parties where he has been the guest, when the 
list of those invited has been submitted to him for his 
approval he has suggested the addition of some Ameri- 
can names. Naturally society has adopted the king's 
policy, till now the American woman is a recognized 
factor in English social life. The other reason is the 
benefit which the clever American has been to English 
society. The majority are ready to admit that the 
invasion of the American woman has brightened and 
animated it with the leaven of vivacity and gayety. 
It is this American leaven (declares the London corre- 
spondent of the New York Sun) which has made the 
present season one of the most brilliant London has 
ever known, a wonderful series of festivities marked 
by magnificence without excess. 

The greatest favorite among American hostesses is 
Consuelo, Duchess of Manchester, widow of the late 
duke and daughter of Antonio Yznaga. She is gen- 

erally acknowledged to be the most brilliant conversa- 
o hear shouts, to hear the sound of oars, to hear voices j tionalist America has sent to England. She is also a 

railing across the water, to hear anything that would 
-eveal the presence of a searching party from the 
Hacienda. She did not realize how difficult was such 
'» search — how impossible it was for a rescuing party to 
hiess in what direction they had gone. And in truth 
It was daylight when she first heard the welcome sound 
Sf oars and of shouts resounding across the water. 

In not many minutes a boat had grounded on the 
:;hore of their temporary island, and Diana and Arthur 
'.vere soon on their way back to the Hacienda. There 
»as no one in the boat save Spanish-speaking servants ; 
i .hey explained to Diana that Captain Helmont's party 
tad' gone further to the north, and that there were two 
jther parties out in search of the missing ones. 
I As they sat in the stern-sheets the oarsmen gazed at 
hem with the inquisitive Indian stare; occasionally 
hey made grinning remarks to each other in their 
lative tongue, but sprinkled with Spanish words. 
.Vhen they did so, Arthur noticed that Diana would 
vince. He strove to engage her in talk, but she replied 
n monosyllables ; he tried to catch her eye, but she 
ivoided his. He cudgeled his brains to divine how he 
:ould have offended her, but he could think of nothing 
le had done. And even when they were at the 
lacienda again, being hailed with greetings, Diana did 
lot unbend toward him. When she withdrew with 
Mrs. Lvndon, her icv farewell struck him almost like a 

The next day Helmont met him with the salutation: 
'More bad news." 

"Not an increase in the flood I hope?" 
1 "No — the river is falling. But our guests have 
! "Gone?" echoed Arthur. "Where? Why?" 

"Down to the capital city, Mrs. Lyndon told me, at 
udge Tower's request. As the senatorial fight is about 
o begin there, he would like to have her prepared to 
■reside over his establishment, for the judge will prob- 
bly do much entertaining. The Wyley forces will 
:eep open house. Tower is a warm advocate of the 
eelection of Senator Wyley, I suppose you know." 
"Yes, so I have heard," assented Arthur. 
Only a day before, he had felt no interest in the sena- 
orial fight, and considered himself still unfitted for 
egislative duty. But now he felt that his convales- 
ence must end speedily, and he experienced a violent 
esire to exchange the hospitality of Helmont's haci- 
nda for the uncertain mercies of the Sacrosanto hotels. 
[to be continued.] 

opyright 1908 by Jerome A. Hart. 

Professor Roy, the French Esperantist, is urging the 
stablishment of an independent Esperanto State in 
Curope. The site he has selected for his experiment is 
n a neutral strip of territory which lies on the frontier 
etween Germany, Belgium, and Holland, five miles 
rom Aix-la-Chapelle. This territory is known as 
loresnet, is situated in a pleasant valley, and has a 
opulation of 3000 inhabitants. Esperanto is to be the 
fficial language of the place. The expenses of the 
itate are to be borne by the subscriptions of Espe- 
antists all the world over. The scheme includes an 
"speranto theatre, a daily official Esperanto gazette, 
• nd a sort of Esperanto parliament, which will meet 
eriodically to discuss the affairs of the little State. 

1 Sir Thomas Shaughnessy, the president of the 
Canadian Pacific Railway, was the guest of honor at a 

•anquet given in Toronton on June 16. In the course 
f his speech Sir Thomas referred to the fact that just 

iiventy-six years have passed since his arrival from 
ie United States to assist in the management of 
'anada's new transcontinental railway. The influence 
f that line on the development of Canada is beyond 
stimate. England has recognized the service ren- 

gifted musician and speaks French, Italian, Spanish, 
and German fluently, so when foreign royalties are 
visiting here she is always included among those pre- 
sented to them. Both the king and queen feel the 
deepest friendship for her and the king is often her 
guest at informal bridge parties and little dinners. 
Lady Lister Kaye, her sister, is also a popular and 
brilliant hostess whose entertainments are much appre- 

The wife of the present Duke of Manchester was 
Miss Zimmerman of Cincinnati. She and her husband 
are not much in London, but this season they have 
stayed in town longer than usual. Mr. Zimmerman 
purchased Kylemore Castle in Connemara a short time 
ago and presented it to his daughter, so the young duke 
and duchess spend most of the time on that estate with 
their two sons and baby daughter. 

Next to Consuelo, Duchess of Manchester, in popu- 
larity is the Duchess of Marlborough. She is always 
interested in all charitable organizations and gives her 
time and money unsparingly to relieving distress and 
poverty whenever she is called upon. Always exqui- 
sitely dressed and a gracious hostess, she is greatly in 
demand, but of late years has largely devoted herself 
to her children and her charities. Her two sons, the 
Marquis of Blandford and Lord Ivor Churchill, who are 
eleven and ten years of age, are much like her and are 
her inseparable companions. 

Sunderland House, which Mr. Vanderbilt built for 
her in London as a tow-n home, is a barrack-like affair 
outside, but magnificent in its interior decorations and 
furnishings. This season the Duchess of Marlborough 
has only given some dinners and small receptions for 
her Vanderbilt relatives who are in town, and rumors 
of the ball at Sunderland House have not yet 

The Duchess of Roxburghe was Miss Goelet; she is 
a very brilliant woman, a great reader, and is also 
much interested in riding and driving. She has no 
children, but is very much loved by the younger set in 
society, and her invitations are eagerly sought. She is 
one of the royal hostesses, as they are called, which 
means that she sometimes entertains the king and 

There are two American marchionesses, Mary, 
Marchioness of Anglesey, who is a widow and not 
much in London, and the Marchioness of Dufferin and 
Ava, who was Miss Davis of New York. Lady Duf- 
ferin entertains largely, and just now is greatly inter- 
ested in the new Anglo-American Club, of which she 
is one of the founders and promoters. 

Among the American countesses are Lady Tanker- 
ville, Lady Essex, and Lady Suffolk, all of whom have 
entertained lavishly this season; the Countess of 
Orford, whose charitable work has made her famous 
throughout England ; the Countess of Craven, who with 
her mother, Mrs. Bradley Martin, has given many 
smart dinners this spring, and Cora, Lady Strafford, 
who is one of the most beautiful of the American 
women here. Her daughter, Miss Colgate, is hand- 
some also, and they have both been in great demand 
this year. 

Helen, Lady Abinger, is well known for her house 
parties at Inverlochy Castle in the Highlands and her 
other country place, Redford House, in Surrey. Her 
town residence is only used for a few weeks at the 
height of the season, as she is one of the American 
women who prefer country life in England. She is the 
daughter of Commander G. A. Magruder of the United 
States navy and the widow of Lord Abinger. 

Lady Barrymore is the daughter of General James 
Wadsworth and was first married to Arthur Post of the 
United States army. She is a great favorite in society 
here and is very clever and witty. Her daughter, 
Xellie Post, is an exceedingly pretty girl and is one of 
the great friends of the Princess Patricia of Connaught. 

Mrs. Harry Higgins with her two daughters, Lady 
Willoughby D'Eresby and Lady Alastair Innes Kerr, 
formerly Eloise and Anna Breese, are at the height of 
social favor and have given successful dinners and 
dances within the last few weeks. 

Lady Bache Cunard was Miss Maude Burke of Cali- 
fornia. She and her husband travel a great deal, but 
they manage to have at least a part of the season in 
London, where Lady Cunard is always to be noticed 
for her extremely beautiful costumes. 

Among the wives of statesmen and diplomatists are 
many Americans. Mrs. Joseph Chamberlain, who was 
Miss Endicott of Salem, Massachusetts, has always 
been very popular, and her devotion to her husband 
during his present long and trying illness has endeared 
her to her English friends, though it has kept her from 
any part in society for many months. 

Lady Newborough and her sister, Mrs. Chauncey, 
are two handsome Americans who know every one and 
go everywhere. They are daughters of the late Colonel 
Henry Carr. They spend much time in Paris. 

Princess Hatzfeldt, formerly Miss Huntington of 
California, makes her home now in England, and is a 
member of the hunting colony at Melton Mowbray, as 
well as an ardent motorist. This season she has given 
several beautiful dinners. 

Lady Paget and Mrs. Cornwallis West were social 
pioneers over here and are looked upon as English. 
Lady Paget is a great favorite with the king and queen, 
and this season she has been able to entertain again, 
having fully recovered from the effects of her acci- 

The Hon. Mrs. Robert Grosvenor was a Miss Padel- 
ford, daughter of Mrs. Ernest Cunard. She is one of 
the brides of the season. Mrs. Frederick Guest, Mrs. 
Xapier Lawrence, Mrs. Arthur Glasgow, Mrs. George 
Montagu, Mrs. Henry, Mrs. Adair, Mrs. Ridgeley Car- 
ter, and Mrs. Drexel are all American hostesses who 
are now adding their quota to the festivities of the 
London season. 

Mrs. Ronalds's musical Sunday afternoons, Mrs. 
Almeric Paget's bridge parties, Mrs. Potter Palmer's 
dinners, Mrs. John and Mrs. Frank Mackay's balls have 
made these hostesses famous, while the entertainments 
of Mrs. William Waldorf Astor at Cliveden on the 
Thames are magnificent. 

Mrs. Whitelaw Reid has probably entertained more 
lavishly than any other hostess in England this season. 
Dorchester House is the scene of constant dinner par- 
ties, dances, informal teas, and formal receptions. A 
great ball preceded the wedding of Miss Jean Reid, 
and the reception following the marriage w r as on a scale 
which royalty itself would find it hard to excel. At 
first there was criticism of this magnificence and dis- 
play on the part of America's ambassador, but royal 
approval once more turned the tide of feeling, and there 
are no more popular women in London today than Mrs. 
Reid and her daughter, now Mrs. John Ward. Mrs. 
Reid has presented many American girls at court and 
to English society. This year she has had a debutante 
niece in Miss Jennie Crocker of California. 

Besides all these notable Americans, there has been 
the usual influx of those temporary hostesses and 
guests who intersperse the summer gayeties of New- 
port and the autumn ones of Tuxedo with a few weeks 
of the London season. 

ered to Canada by this Milwaukee-born American 

ailroad man, and it would be hard to say how much j The princess, with Nellie Post, Jean Reid, and Anne 
as been done for the United States by Sir Thomas Breese, before these last two were married, formed a 
■haughnessy and by that other American-born railway I quartet of girlish beauty and charm that made London 
uilder, Sir William Van Home. i bow before them. They went everywhere together. 

Of the progress of negroes in this country Ray Stan- 
nard Baker says, in the American Magazine: "It is not 
short of astonishing, indeed, to discover how far the 
negro has been able to develop in the forty-odd years 
since slavery a distinct race spirit and position. It is 
pretty well known that he has been going into business, 
that he is acquiring much land, that he has many pro- 
fessional men, that he worships in his own churches 
and has many schools which he conducts — but in other 
lines of activity he is also getting a foothold. Just as 
an illustration; I was surprised at finding so many 
negro theatres in the country — theatres not only owned 
or operated by negroes, but presenting plays written and 
acted by negroes. I saw a fine new negro theatre in 
Xew Orleans; I visited a smaller colored theatre in 
Jackson, Mississippi, and in Chicago the Pekin theatre 
is an enterprise wholly conducted by negroes. Wil- 
liams and Walker, negro comedians, have long amused 
large audiences, both white and colored. Their latest 
production, 'Bandanna Land,' written and produced 
wholly by negroes, is not only funny, but clean. Many 
other illustrations could be given to show how the negro 
is developing in one way or another — but especially 
along racial lines. The extensive organization of negro 
lodges of Elks and Masons and other secret orders, 
many of them with clubhouses, might be mentioned. 
Attention might be called to the almost innumerable 
insurance societies and companies maintained by 
negroes, the largest of which, the True Reformers, of 
Richmond, has over 50,000 members, and to the growth 
of negro newspapers and magazines (there are now 
over 200 in the country), but enough has been said, per- 
haps, to make the point that there has been a real devel- 
opment of a negro spirit and self-consciousness." 

William Redmond, the Irish leader in the British 
House of Commons, recently in a genial mood and in 
playful allusion to the birthday honors list asked 
whether "as a matter of general convenience and in 
order that honorable members might know how to 
address their colleagues with becoming respect it could 
be arranged that honorable gentlemen who had j 
the titled classes should wear rosettes for at lea?* 
month after the conferment of the title." No 
was bold enough to answer. 



July 25, 190S. 


Frank Hamel Writes a Fine Account of Great 

Still another book on the French salon. 
Such a revival of interest "in the most re- 
nowned social gatherings that the world has 
ever known" is not without its significance at 
a time when the dominance of women is likely 
to become quite as real if not quite as salu- 

But in the handling of an engrossing topic 
Mr. Hamel has developed a line of his own. 
He finds that the French salons were capable 
of division into groups each with its own 
characteristics, and with the distinctive tint 
given to it by its most representative woman 
leader. There is the Hotel de Rambouillet. 
the Salon of Manners; La Grande Mademoi- 
selle, the Salon of the Court; Madame de 
Sevigne, the Salon of Friendship ; Xinon de 
Lenclos, the Salon of Gallantry; Madame de 
Maintenon, the Salon of Satire ; Madame du 
Deffand, the Salon of Wit : Mademoiselle de 
Lespinasse, the Salon of Philosophy ; Madame 
de Stael, the Salon of Politics; and Madame 
de Recamier, the Salon of Literature. The 
classification is justified. Although we may 
find a continual overlapping and a frequent 
inclusion of sheep in the wrong fold, there 
was a natural tendency for like to seek like 
and for each group to take on the com- 
plexion of the distinguished woman at its 

The author's treatment leaves nothing to be 
desired. He is evidently saturated with his 
subject and he never fails in felicitous dis- 
crimination or in vivacious narrative. His 
book contains some three hundred and fifty 
pages, but it might have been longer without 
risk of wearying h* s reader, and although his 
ground has already been well worked, he 
finds plenty of material for novel and vigor- 
ous presentation. 

A good example of his anecdotal style is 
to be found in the chapter on "The Hotel de 
Rambouillet." The proceedings at the famous 
salon were usually literary and decorous. 
Authors brought their manuscripts to be 
read and literary games were much in vogue. 
But sometimes there was a fall from grace: 

Romping and practical jokes were not entirely 
eliminated, and some of the latter, though harm- 
less enough, were not particularly refined. The 
Comte de Guiche, later Marechal de Grammont, 
was an excellent butt for a certain style of humor 
dear to the precieuse. One day at dinner dish 
after dish was served to him of viands which 
were his special aversion. Now the Comte de 
Guiche was a gourmand, and when he saw that 
he was likely to get nothing at all to eat his 
face fell and he looked somewhat reproachfully 
at his hostess. The latter burst into laughter 
and said jocularly to her intendant: "M. de 
Guiche is not getting what he likes. Serve some- 
thing else." The affair had been arranged before- 
hand, and when the joke had gone far enough, 
a menu of entirely different courses was offered 
him. Another time he indulged rather freely in 
mushrooms. During the night his clothes were 
stolen and the seams sewn up so that he had 
great difficulty in getting into them when dressing 
next morning. "How bloated you are," said M. 
de Caudebonne on seeing him, and others made 
similar remarks, expressing themselves in differ- 
ent degrees of horror. The poor Comte de Guiche 
hastened to a mirror and on seeing his figure 
cried out, "Ah, it is a fact! I must have been 
poisoned by the mushrooms." There was a gen- 
eral stampede in search of remedies, but at length 
M. de Chaudebonne brought a written formula 
which be declared he had seen used with unfail- 
ing success. He handed it to the victim, and the 
latter, unfolding the paper, read, "Recipe: get a 
good pair of scissors and slit up your coat." The 
Comte de Guiche laughed as heartily as any one. 
He was completely cured. 

A sort of natural depravity causes us to 
turn with interest to the section on Ninon de 
Lenclos, that strange beauty whose fascina- 
tion must have rested upon more than 
physical charms : 

Pleasure was openly the aim of all at Ninons 
house; learning, discussion, criticism, were vetoed, 
and gay conversation, sparkling wit, filled the 
quickly passing hours. At last the frivolity of 
her receptions caused a scandal and her name 
became a by-word in society. As Scarron wrote 
of Ninon in his "Adieux au Marais": 

"Tant est vrai que fille trop belle 
N'engendre jamais que querelle." 

The outcry reached the ears of the queen 
regent, who desired the offender to retire into a 
convent. No mention was made of any particular 
house, however. Appreciating the fact that she 
was allowed to choose her own retreat and ex- 
pressing her willingness to accede to the request 
of her royal mistress, Ninon sent a pert reply, 
naming the Monastery of the Grand Cordeliers. 
Fortunately when this answer reached Anne of 
Austria's ears, the Dues de Candale and de 
Montemart were present and joined Conde in 
pleading Ninon's cause, and assuring the angry 
queen that the delinquent was but jesting; and 
the matter was allowed to drop. The affair 
might have Injured her reputation still more 
irretrievably bad not Conde just at this time 
showed her a particular mark of admiration and 
respect. Whilst driving in the Cours, the fash- 
ionable promenade where the fine world displayed 
its toilettes and its equipages, he stopped his 
carriage, stepped out, and deliberately went to 
greet her before an astonished crowd. This act 
of courtesy silenced a rumor spread by her ene- 
mies that she was to be sent to the Filles Re- 
pe .ties. 

"That would have been very unjust," declared 
tin Comte de Bautru, when he heard of it; "elle 
■ -st nt fille, ni repentie!" 

But Ninon de Lenclos had her virtues. In- 
ae d Saint Simon says that "apart from her 

indiscretions" she was virtuous, and that she 
was disinterested, faithful, secret, safe to the 
last degree, and remarkably honest. Hospi- 
tality was a fine art with Ninon and her suc- 
cess as a hostess was due as much to her 
kindliness as to her beauty: 

The Abbe Gedoyn also bore testimony to her 
charm as a hostess and to the value from the 
social point of view of her receptions. "The 
house of Mile, de Lenclos (the celebrated 
Ninon)," wrote the Abbe d'Olivet in the preface 
to Gedoyn's "Oeuvres Di verses," "was the 
meeting-place of all the polished and esteemed 
intellects of court and city-. Women of the high- 
est virtue encouraged their sons, on their entr> 
into the great world, to visit Ninon on account 
of the social advantages accruing to any one 
admitted into such amiable society, regarded as it 
was as the very centre of good company. Abbe 
Gedoyn had but to appear to be appreciated, and 
there be formed friendships which were the 
means of greatly advancig his reputation and his 
good fortune." 

Perhaps the Marquis de la Fare was the most 
eulogistic of all writers when describing her salon. 
"I never saw her at her best," he wrote in his 
Memaires, "but I can assure you that at the age 
of fifty and until she was seventy she had lovers 
who were most devoted, and the highest in the 
land were among her friends. Moreover, until 
she was eighty-seven years of age she was still 
sought after by the best society of the time. 
She died in full possession of her faculties, and 
even with the charms and attractions of her wit, 
which was superior to that of any other woman I 
have known." Dangeau, too, historian and cour- 
tier, who visited Ninon's hotel frequently, made 
an entry in his journal at her death which reads, 
"Mile, de Lenclos has died in Paris. Although 
she was very old she preserved so much wit and 
charm that the best company in Paris was to be 
found daily at her house." 

A woman who could retain her lovers at 
the age of seventy years must indeed have 
had the secret of perpetual youth. Unfortu- 
nately we are left without indication of its 
nature, unless we seek it in an unfailing 
geniality and in a disposition that we must 
believe to have been unselfish to a fault. 

Mme. du Deffand ranks high among the 
women of the salons, although there have 
been some who thought that she was eclipsed 
by her protege, Julie de Lespinasse. But 
Mme. du Deffand was unquestionably the 
greater figure of the two, greater in mind, 
keener in wit, and more robust in all those 
qualities that meet and conquer the world. 
The relations between Mme. du Deffand and 
Mile, de Lespinasse, at first warm to the 
point of effusiveness, became gradually 
strained until in 1763 it was clear that their 
friendship was on the point of breaking: 

Undoubtedly the climax of this disagreement 
was brought about through the actions of Mile, 
de Lespinasse. who, usurping the intellectual sov- 
ereignty which Mme. du Deffand guarded with 
the utmost jealousy, profited by the old lady's 
habit of sleeping through the day and late into 
the evening to establish a small reception of her 
own, an hour or so before the large one, in her 
private room. D'Alembert was the first to en- 
courage this "petit salon de contrabande." Evi- 
dently he saw nothing in it unfair to Mme. du 
Deffand, or if such a doubt existed in his mind 
he preferred to ignore it. He was in fuil sym- 
pathy with Mile, de Lespinasse, drawn closely to 
her by like accidents of birth and fortune. His 
example was followed by Turgor., D'Usse, Chas- 
tellux, Marmontel, and others: and they un- 
doubtedly culled by the aid of Mile, de Les- , 
pinasse the most sweet-scented and the freshest ! 
blossoms from Mme. du Deffand's own bouquet 
of news and wit. Such artifice — it must be held I 
to be more than a trifling art — could not remain : 
forever undetected. Growing suspicious of some- 
thing that was taking place behind her back, Mme. 
du Deffand made an early opportunity of dis- 
covering for herself what was going on. She 
entered her soi-disant companion's room to find 
there an animated assembly of her own guests; 
a usurpation so insolent, an ingratitude so per- 
fidious, a rivalry so menacing, was laid bare to 
her at one glance. "It was nothing less to her 
mind than treachery," said Marmontel: "she 
uttered loud outcries, accusing the poor girl of 
stealing her friends, and declaring she would no 
longer warm that serpent in her bosom." 

Thus the arrangement which had lasted for ten 
years ended instantaneously, for, struck by a 
blow to her righteous pride, to her egotistical 
demands, her habits, and her affections, Mme. du 
Deffand conducted herself with inexorable severity 
and implacable dignity, and hunted down the 
woman who had abused her credulity and con- 
fidence. By the line of action she chose, she was 
enabled to regain an authority- which had been 
severely endangered and which pardon would cer- 
tainly have compromised forever. 

Who can doubt that Mme. du Deffand was 
in the right? Julie owed to her everything 
that one woman could owe to another, and 
she repaid it by an act of domestic treachery 
that is not to be excused because it sprung 
from an overmastering mental conceit. 

The chapter on Mme. de Stael adds little 
to our knowledge, but it is none the less fas- 
cinating for that. Her connection with Ben- 
jamin Constant is delicatelv but unmistakably 
told : 

This autumn, too, she was fated to make the 
acquaintance of Benjamin Constant, who of all 
men influenced her life the most. She was then 
twenty-nine years of age, Constant being twenty- 
seven. Barras in his Mcmoires gives an account i 
of him as a young man, "a tall, affected, and \ 
foolish-looking youth. Fiery fair hair which ma- i 
iicious people would have called reddish-brown, 
small eyes which one would have believed to be 
of the same color, had not the spectacles shelter- 
ing them prevented their being seen, a delicate, 
ironical mouth, seeming to make game of every- 
thing, even its owner, and which would have 

liked to be still more mocking were it possible" 

not a very taking picture, but Barras was preju- 
diced because Mme. de Stael begged him for 

favors on account of Constant, whom she intro- 
duced, dragging him by the hand like an unwilling 
child. "The virility- of her form, face, and car- 
riage," declared Barras of Mme. de Stael, "her 
manner of wearing her clothes, the strength of 
her intellectual conceptions, her exuberant vigor 
and energy, all, in short, would have led me to 
believe that she belonged rather to our sex than 
to the other." A liaison between Constant and 
Mme. de Stael was quickly established. A few 
weeks after he had made her acquaintance he 
wrote to Colombier, "It is the second time that 
I have met a woman who could replace the 
whole world to me." The progress of their con- 
'■ nection is told in his Journal Intime. It was a 
rule that he should leave her house by midnight, 
but one evening he pulled out his watch to prove 
to her that the hour of parting had not yet 
arrived. In disgust at the flight of time he 
smashed the unoffending watch upon the floor, 
but wrote next day exultingly : "I have not 
bought another watch. I have no longer any 
need of one." If he imagined that conquest lay 
all on his side, his cousin Rosalie was gifted 
with clearer vision, and discerned Mme. de 
Stael's love of adoration. "She would die," she 
wrote, "if she had not a crowd around her. In 
the absence of cats she would hold a court of 
rats, and even a court of insects would be prefer- 
able to none at all," and then she drew a 
sp-teful picture of Mme. de Stael, upon whom 
she called when M. de Tracy, Adrien de Meun, 
and Constant were in her drawing-room. '"I 
found her surrounded by the fox. the little cat 
and the other," she said; "she was resting one of 
her elbows against the chest of the first, and toy- 
ing with the head of the second, while the third 
stroked her neck and called her his 'dear little 
kitten.* " 

Excerpts from this charming book might 
be multiplied at length. It is engrossing all 
the way through, and whatever pictures we 
may have formed of the women of the 
French salons must be enriched by the artistic 
shading of this fine work. There are twenty 
illustrations of unusual merit. 

"Famous French Salons," by Frank Hamel. 
Published by Brentano's, New York. 

An Indian or a Persian shawl used to be 
considered one of the finest feminine posses- 
sions in the world, and they were handed 
down from mother to daughter as prized heir- 
looms. But now if you gave a young woman 
even a very elegant shawl, costing possibly 
hundreds of dollars, as many did, she would 
turn up her beautiful nose at it and if she 
used it at all would make - fir"'-' 
it for her cosy corner. She would never 
think of wearing it, even if it were the only 
thing she had. 

Edwin Stevens, the character actor and 
comic-opera comedian, lately here at the Prin- 
cess Theatre, was engaged by Henry \V. 
Savage to create the part of the Devil in an 
adaptation of a German play, "Der Teufel," 
written by Franz Molner, which was first pro- 
duced in Hartford, Connecticut, recently. 
It has been arranged to try three different 
endings of the play, to discover which is best 
suited ir> American taste. 

Mme. Tetrazzini achieved a triumph in 
Rossini's "Barber of Seville" at Covent Gar- 
den a few days ago. Adelina Patti was pres- 
ent and applauded the singer. Sig. Bonci 
was the tenor. It was the first time the 
opera had been given at Covent Garden since 
13S3, when Patti was the Rosina. 

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July 25, 1908. 




By Sidney G. P. Coryn. 

Half-way House, by Maurice Hewlett. Pub- 
lished by Charles Scribner's Sons, New 
York; $1.50. 

Whether Mary Middleham was really and 
truly a nice girl must be left to the judgment 
of the discriminating reader. Perhaps com- 
parisons with Becky Sharp will rise unbidden 
to the mind, and perhaps we shall look upon 
the fascinating Mary as wholly the victim of 

Certainly her lot was a hard one. We find 
her in the position of a governess in an Eng- 
lish village subject to the admiring patronage 
of the curate and the lofty and insolent con- 
descension of the vicar's wife and the local 
gentry. When the vicar's wealthy brother, 
Mr. Germain, looks approvingly upon her in 
spite of his advanced years and wishes to 
make her the mistress of his estate, it is per- 
haps small wonder that the fascinated Mary 
should hasten to discard her small army of 
lovers, honorable and otherwise, and seize 
such an opportunity to become a rich man's 
wife — if only in name. 

The results have hoary precedents behind 
them. Mary tries to do her whole duty and 
her husband is an honorable and high-minded 
man, but nature, having ineffectively forbid- 
den the banns, still asserts herself in her 
usual way. Mr. and Mrs. Germain are resist- 
ing the irresistible, and when some of the 
discarded but still hopeful lovers appear once 
more on the horizon it is no more than was 
to be expected. Perhaps it is just as well 
that Mr. Germain dies so opportunely. Other- 
wise — quicn sabe? 

Mary's character is a strong one, and if 
there is a certain nebulosity in her virtue, it 
is not inartistic. But we are really grateful 
for the picture of Senhouse, gentleman, artist, 
and tramp, with his wise and delicate philos- 
ophy, his honor, and his chivalry. We are 
not sure that Senhouse did wisely at the end. 
but having seen one marriage that was not 
"happy ever after," we are disposed to believe 
that years of ineffable bliss follow close upon 
the last page. 

Mr. Hewlett has chosen a background of 
unpleasant people and of a type almost un- 
known in America. We might have wished 
for some kind of Homeric justice to fall upon 
them other than oblivion, but such justice is 
rare and the ugly type is truly drawn. If the 
book has its failings, it still remains one of 
the masterly productions of the year. 

Persia: The Awakening East, by W. P. Cres- 
son, F. R. G. S. Published by the J. B. 
Lippincott Company, Philadelphia ; $3.50. 

This book comes opportunely at a time 
when democratic institutions in Persia are 
being weighed in the balances. It certainly 
helps us to understand the wave of reaction 
that seems for the moment to have set the 
hands back upon the dial and in a great meas- 
ure to have restored the autocracy of the 

Some time ago the author journeyed to 
Persia by way of Southern Russia. From Te- 
heran he traveled by caravan along the old 
Bagdad trail, passing across Western Persia 
and Mesopotamia to the shores of the Persian 
Gulf. He thus had abundant opportunity to 
observe and to study, and that he used the 
opportunity to good effect is proved by this 
fine book. 

The author has given us something better 
than a presentation of political conditions and 
the greedy ambitions of the great powers. 
He has studied the people themselves, their 
habits of mind, and their superstitions. What 
he tells us, for instance, of the mendicant 
priests is peculiarly useful, inasmuch as these 
gentry supply much of the reactionary force 
upon which the Shah has depended for his 
coup d'etat. It is, after all, in national char- 
acter that we must look for the prime causes 
of national movements. Tradition, prejudice, 
and religion are the forces that change and 
modify the conditions of a people, and only 
by some intimate knowledge of the man in 
the street can we forecast the immediate 
future or predict the results either of inter- 
nal development or of external aggression. 
This is precisely the information that Mr. 
Cresson gives to us, and it is impossible to 
read his book without appreciation of the light 
that it throws upon current events. Forty- 
seven illustrations from photographs are a 
valuable feature of a valuable book. 

Present-Day Problems, by William H. Taft. 
Published by Dodd, Mead & Co., New 
York; $1.50. 

It is evidence of no small amount of can- 
dor- that such a book, covering as it does 
nearly the whole field of national affairs, 
should be published at this particular political 
juncture. The fifteen addresses of which the 
volume is composed were delivered in the 
course of a long term of years and to audi- 
ences widely differing in mental development, 
in political complexion, and even in na- 
tionality. They are now given to us without 
material revision, without any of the caution 
which a lesser man would allow to interfere 
with the free expression of opinion, without 
any reluctance to go upon positive record on 
the great disputed questions of the day. Mr. 
Taft's views on labor and capital, for ex- 

ample, or on criticisms directed against the 
Federal judiciary, are broadly the same as 
they were years ago, as unmodified by per- 
sonal aspirations as their expression is un- 
affected by the petty diplomacies and 
prudences that would be all powerful with a 
man of smaller calibre. 

The fifteen addresess are as follows : 
"Inaugural Address as Civil Governor of the 
Philippines," "The Inauguration of the Philip- 
pine Assembly," "China and Her Relations 
with the United States," "Japan and Her Re- 
lations with the United States," "An Appre- 
ciation of General Grant," "The Army of the 
United States," "The Panama Canal," "A 
Republican Congress and Administration and 
Their Work from 1904 to 1906," "The Legis- 
lative Policies of the Present Administra- 
tion," "The Panic of 1907," "Southern 
Democracy and Republican Principles," "La- 
bor and Capital," "The Achievements of the 
Republican Party, "Recent Criticism of the 
Federal Judiciary," "Administration of Crim- 
inal Law." 

Mr. Taft always gives the impression — un- 
doubtedly a true one — of a thorough mastery 
of his subject, of firm intention and deep con- 
viction, and of a warm human sympathy in 
his relation to the movements of the day. 
Nowhere is there a trace of prejudice or of a 
failure to preserve the judicial temperament. 
His speech on the Panamal Canal is a mas- 
terly array of facts selected for their direct 
bearing on the problem and without reference 
to particular policies or their defense. The 
addresses on "Labor and Capital" and on 
"The Federal Judiciary" are the utterances 
of a strong man who looks courageously at 
the inevitable developments of modern ten- 
dencies and who is not afraid to warn us 
against the effects of caste and class discrim- 
ination. As a survey of modern problems and 
of the solution offered by conservative state- 
craft of a high order, Mr. Taft's book is op- 
portune and unique. 

New Publications. 
The American Book Company, New York, 
Cincinnati, and Chicago, has published "Chi- 
nese Fables and Folk Stories," by Mary 
Hayes Davis and Chow Leung, in the popular 
series of Eclectic Readings. Price, 40 cents. 

"Santa Lucia," by Mary Austin, is a story 
of college life in California from the pro- 
fessorial standpoint. It is earnestly written, 
but the characters are singularly drab and un- 
interesting. It is published by Harper & 
Brothers, New York; $1.50. 

A very pleasingly written book of travel 
is "Quicksteps Through Scandinavia, with a 
Retreat from Moscow," by S. G. Bayne, that 
has been published by Harper & Brothers, 
New York. The numerous full-page illustra- 
tions in tint are well selected and well re- 

From the Neale Publishing Company comes 
a volume of peculiar interest to the sports- 
man. It is by Alexander Hunter and it is 
entitled "The Huntsman in the South." Con- 
sisting entirely of personal narrative, the book 
has all the interest of a novel and too much 

can hardly be said in praise of its vivacity 
and the practical information that it em- 
bodies. Toe price is $1.50. 

The American Book Company, New York. 
Cincinnati, and Chicago, has published a 
volume of "Selections from Schiller's Ballads 
and Lyrics." edited with notes and vocabulary 
by Lewis Addison Rhoades, Ph. D., with ques- 
tions by Berthold Auerbach Eisenlohr, A. M. 
Price, 60 cents. 

Those who are anxious to shine as short 
story writers should read "Stories New and 
Old," selected with introductions by Hamil- 
ton Wright Mabie and published by the Mac- 
millan Company, New York. The selections 
are by William Austin, Charles Dickens, John 
Brown, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allan 
Poe, Robert Louis Stevenson, J. Henry Short- 
house, Thomas Bailey Aldrich, James Lane 
Allen, and Owen Wister. The critical intro- 
ductions are valuable and there can be little 
doubt that such a course of study as is indi- 
cated by this book would enable some at least 
of the great army of short-story writers to 
leave the worn-out rails of dullness and 

The Physical Basis of Civilization, by T. W. 
Heineman. Published by Forbes & Co., 
Chicago ; $1.25. 

The contention elaborated by the author 
with ingenious argument and illustration may 
be briefly epitomized as follows : 

Civilization, with the superior intelligence 
that accompanied it, is due to the erect atti- 
tude assumed by man as distinct from the 
non-erect brute kingdoms. 

The erect attitude followed upon a varia- 
tion in the entocuneiform bones of the pos- 
terior extremities and a shifting of the occipi- 
tal foramen magnum to a position a little 
back of the centre of the base of the skull. 

Superior intelligence then became neces- 
sary in order to compensate for the physical 
disadvantages attending the erect posture and 
for the largely increased vulnerability that 
followed upon the new attitude. 

The anatomical variations producing this 
momentous change were so small in their 
nature that it is almost thinkable that they 
might have occurred in the transmission from 
one generation to another, producing imme- 
diately the aforesaid disabilities, perils, and 
infirmities. Our earliest brute ancestors must 
therefore have been similar to ourselves 
physically, while mentally they were like the 
brutes related to the quadrumana. The devel- 
opment of a compensating intelligence then be- 
came essential to their preservation from the 
dangers to which they were exposed by the 
erect attitude. 

A theory so remarkable can hardly be criti- 
cised except at considerable length and after 
serious study. That it commends itself to 
many eminent scientists is, however, its pro- 
tection against neglect or a too summary judg- 
ment, as also is its able presentation by the 

Charles the Bold, by Ruth Putnam. Pub- 
lished bv G. P. Putnam's Sons, New 
York; $1.50. 

The appearance of this book is a reminder 
of a series of high historical value. The 
"Heroes of the Nations" series now contains 
forty-three volumes and there are nine more 
in preparation, all of them presenting the 
lives and work of representative historical 
characters who have, in the majority of in- 
stances, been accepted as types of the several 
national ideals. These books are popularly 
written and the illustrations are good. 

So far, only one woman, Jeanne dArc, finds 
a place in the list, and there are no others in 
sight. But is not Queen Louisa of Prussia, 
for example, more worthy of this pantheon 
than Moltke, and Queen Elizabeth of England 
than Marlborough ? 

Literary Criticism in the Renaissance, by J. 
E. Spongarn. Published by the Macmil- 
lan Company, New York; $1.50. 
This valuable treatise was first published in 
1899 and was translated into Italian in 1905. 
It is a study of the history of literary criti- 
cism in the Renaissance, of the reawakening 
of literary doctrine after its paralysis by 
religious influences. The development came 
first in Italy, passing thence into France. 
England, Spain, Germany, Portugal, Holland, 
and Scandinavia, each country furnishing its 
own cast, although that of France ultimately 
triumphed. The author traces the steps of 
the movement with great care and sufficiently 
establishes the debt of the modern literary 
world to Italy. 

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July 25, 1903. 


Princess Theatre habitues, and they are to 
be numbered by hundreds, were glad this 
week to see and hear Arthur Cunningham 
and Sarah Edwards in singing roles once 
more. "The Bridal Trap," which is an abbre- 
viated English version of one of Audran's 
lightest efforts, served that good purpose and 
some others. It introduced a new prima 
donna, Evelyn Frances Kellogg, who is plump 
and pleasing in appearance and who sings 
with pianissimo charm. It gave Zoe Barnett 
the opportunity that even the slightest part 
seems to offer her, to prove that her study is 
always sympathetic and sincere, her expres- 
sion invariably distinct, ber voice never fail- 
ing in its appeal. It also furnished Frank 
Farrington with a comedy role that is not 
beyond his budding ability. 

The revival of "The Song Birds" again 
gave prominence to the finished art of Wil- 
liam Burress. In the impersonation of Ham- 
mershine, the manager, he is far removed 
from the joyously incapable long-lost brother 
of "It Happened in Nordland," though the 
dialect of the- two parts is the same. His 
method is quiet but always forceful, and there 
is- an infinity of detail in each delineation. 
Oscar Apfel is hardly less happy in his role 
of Herr Con the Conried. The chorus is, as 
ever, powerful in pulchritude and harmony. 

Beginning next Monday night, the New 
York musical comedy hit, "The Chaperons," 
will be brought out with the care and lavish 
appropriation that marks all Princess Theatre 
productions. William Burress will appear as 
Algernon O'Shaughnessy, studying rapid tran- 
sit in Paris, and May Boley will have a con- 
genial role as Amaranthe Dedincourt. Evelyn 
Frances Kellogg will be Violet Smilax, and 
Oscar C. Apfel will personate Adam Hogg. 
Arthur Cunningham will have lyric oppor- 
tunity as Signor Ricardo Bassini, proprietor 
of the Parisian Opera Company, and the re- 
maining characters will be distributed as fol- 
lows : Phrosia, Zoe Barnett ; Jacqueline, a 
prima donna soprano in Bassini's company, 
Christina Nielsen ; Hortense, contralto in Bas- 
sini's company, Sarah Edwards ; Augustus, 
Walter de Leon ; Schnitzel, Walter Catlett ; 
Tom Schuyler, Charles E. Couture. 

At the Van Ness Theatre "The Servant in 
the House" (reviewed at length in another 
column) will continue all next week. 

White Whittlesey has proved a very popu- 
lar star in the two costume plays presented 
during his engagement at the New Alcazar 
Theatre, and next week he will appear in 
modern costume, as "Raffles' 1 is to be given. 
The play is in some respects even more strik- 
ing and impressive than those in Mr. Whittle- 
sey's repertoire that have preceded it, and it 
will undoubtedly try the seating capacity of 
the theatre. The star will appear in the role 
of the philosopher who steals for the love of 
the sport as much as for love of the spoils. 
Bessie Barriscale, Will R. Walling, Louise 
Brownell, Howard Hickman, John B. Maher, 
in brief, all the Alcazar favorites will be suit- 
ably cast, and the play will be given a fine 
treatment throughout. 

The bill at the Orpheum next week con- 
tains several of the best acts in vaudeville. 
Ben Welch, the favorite comedian, will be the 
chief new feature. He introduces to his au- 
diences the rough low caste but extremely 
witty and interesting Hebrew who belongs to 
the lower east side of New York, but is 
recognized in every locality, and the Italian 
laborer who is beheld working in the streets 
every day. Both impersonations are amusing, 
with a touch of the pathetic to add color and 
contrast. The Basque Quartet will also assist 
in the success of the coming programme. 
Their repertoire consists of songs from popu- 
lar French and Italian operas. Wilbur Mack 
and Nella Walker will appear in a musical 
skit, entitled "The Girl and the Pearl." Miss 
Walker is an attractive actress and Mr. Mack 
is a versatile comedian who sings with ex- 
pression several songs of his own composition. 
Fentelle and Carr will introduce an original 
act, Sadie Sherman will return for one week 
only with her skit, "Fun at the Photogra- 
phers." Next week will be the last of the 
Tom Davies Trio in their act, "Motoring in 
Mid-Air," Martinettie and Sylvester, and of 
the dancers, the Four Fords. 

own use while abroad, is Constantinople; but 
the characters, save two or three incidental 
servants, are all either English or American. 
The title role is that of a well-born English 
woman, married to a prodigal young Ameri- 
can, the volatile and reckless son of a two- 
fisted, hard-headed Western ranch owner. 
What is called in diplomatic cant an "inter- 
national complication" is precipitated by the 
young husband's irreverent attitude toward 
Moslem customs. 


For the fifth week of his season at the Van 
Ness Theatre Henry Miller will make his 
appearance in the new comedy entitled 
"Mater." It is from the pen of Percy 
Mackaye and will receive its first production 
here. Isabel Irving has been specially en- 
gaged to play the leading feminine role. 

Paul Bleyden, an American tenor, whose 
professional career has been spent in Europe, 
recently joined Savage's "Merry Widow" 
company in New York. Mr. Bleyden sang 
the role of Danilo in one of the companies 
presenting the operetta in Vienna, and has 
recently been the leading tenor at the Stadt 
Theatre, Berne, Switzerland. He sent from 
Europ : to Mr. Savage a phonographic record 
of hi; rendition of a solo from "Faust," and 
on t ; ,e strength of this record he was en- 
to come back to his native country. 

, scene of "Mrs. Tantalus," the light 
niet_y which Phoebe Davies bought for her 

Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip. 

Forty-eight of the artistic photographs 
taken by Arnold Genthe before the fire are 
reproduced to make up the illustrations for 
"Old Chinatown," a volume to be brought out 
soon by Moffat, Yard & Co. The descriptive 
text is by Will Irwin. 

A volume of Caruso's clever sketches and 
caricatures of well-known people of the mu- 
sical world has been brought out by La Follia 
di Netv York, a prominent Italian weekly 

It is suggested that President Roosevelt's 
story of his hunting adventures in the jungle 
will, of course, give him the 1910 Nobel 
literary prize. 

The chapters of "The Reminiscences of 
Lady Randolph Churchill" published in the 
midsummer holiday number .of the Century 
Magazine will deal entertainingly with the ex- 
periences and observations of a visit to Japan 
in 1894, during the war with China. The 
visit to Japan was part of a trip around the 
world, by way of New York, Vancouver, San 
Francisco, and Victoria. 

T. P. O'Connor, the Irish parliamentary 
leader, has made an engagement to deliver a 
course of lectures in America during the com- 
ing season. 

The preliminary fall announcement of the 
Macmillan Company promises a posthumous 
novel by "Ouida." 

Alice Stopford Green is receiving high 
praise for her recently published history, 
"The Making of Ireland and Its Undoing: 
1200-1600." Mrs. J. R. Green is to be 
thanked for her studies and their result. She 
writes with the same eye for living and 
picturesque detail that makes her husband's 
great work the most popular of all histories- 
of the English people. Her industry is amaz- 
ing, as the footnotes referring to the abun- 
dance of material she has sifted and assimi- 
lated show. 

Tolstoy has completed a new novel, "After 
the Ball," the fundamental idea of which is 
the regeneration of love. The work is not 
to be published till after the writer's death. 

On the recent occasion of the eighty-ninth 
birthday celebration of Julia Ward Howe the 
only one of her children who was unable to be 
present was Maud Howe Elliott. After spend- 
ing two years in Spain with her artist hus- 
band, John Elliott, Mrs. Elliott is at present 
in Rome, where she is completing a book on 
Spain, which Little, Brown & Co. announce 
for fall publication. 

Mr. and Mrs. John Vance Cheney have 
sailed for Europe, where they expect to spend 
a vacation of three months. In October 
Thomas B. Mosher expects to bring out a 
volume of love songs by Mr. Cheney, entitled 
"In the Time of Roses." 

The house in which the late Thomas Bailey 
Aldrich lived during his boyhood, in Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, has been opened as a 
memorial museum under the auspices of the 
Aldrich Memorial Association, restored to its 
former condition. This is the old "Nutter 
House," the scene of the poet's famous book, 
"The Story of a Bad Boy." The house looks 
now exactly as it did at the time of Mr. 
Aldrich's earliest associations with it, even 
to the most minute arrangement of the queer, 
old-fashioned furniture, which the book de- 
scribes. In addition to this restoration, a 
fireproof building has been erected, in which 
have been placed the poet's collection of 
relics, autographs, and first editions. 

- — — — — ■**» — - 

Fifth Concert at the Greek Theatre. 

The fifth of the series of popular concerts 
in the Greek Theatre at Berkeley will be 
given Saturday evening of this week, with 
the Third United States Artillery Band again 
playing the programme. Professor William 
Dallam Amies, chairman of the musical and 
dramatic committee of the University of Cali- 
fornia, under whose personal direction the 
concerts were arranged and have been given, 
has been warmly congratulated for having 
provided this ideal summer season of music 
at popular prices. The response of the public 
has shown that his idea was timely. 

The programme for the concert this week 
i.~ one of especial merit. Among other num- 
bers it will contain the "Oberon" overture by 
Weber, a selection from "La Traviata," the 
prelude to "The Deluge," and Paderewski's 
famous minuet. The classical selections .will 
be alternated with popular numbers, and dur- 
ing the evening another stirring descriptive 
piece, entitled "The Indian War Dance," will 
be played. Bandmaster Armand Putz will 
again lend the concert. The advance demand 
for seats indicates a large audience. 

The "Wind that Shakes the Barley. 
There's music in my heart all day, 

I hear it late and early, 
It comes from fields so far away, 
The wind that shakes the barley. 

Above the uplands drenched with dew 

The sky hangs soft and pearly, 
An emerald world is listening to 

The wind that shakes the barley. 

Above the bluest mountain crest 

The lark is singing rarely, 
It rocks the singer into rest, 

The wind that shakes the barley. 

Oh, still through summers and through springs 

It calls me late and early. 
Come home, come home, come home, it sings, 
The wind that shakes the barley. 

— Katharine Tynan H'tnkson. 

The Cabinet, an informal organization of 
prominent public men that was one of the fea- 
tures of old San Francisco, has been revived, 
and now holds its jolly meetings at a round 
table in the cafe of the Hotel St. Francis 
every day at luncheon. Prominent among 
the members are James H. O'Brien, Samuel 
Shortridge, Charles Shortridge, Postmaster 
Arthur Fisk, Theodore F. Bonnet, Garrett 
McEnerney, Louis Rosenthal, John J. Barrett, 
John Drumm, Frank Drew, Jeremiah Burke, 
Charles Heggerty, Edward H. Hamilton, and 
ex-Governor James H. Budd. 

On Friday evening, June 24, there will be 
given a musicale at Hotel Del Monte, and 
among those now on the programme are Mr. 
Charles Trowbridge, tenor, who sings in the 
Trinity Church choir of San Francisco ; Miss 
Agatha Grey Cummings, contralto ; Mrs. 
Emeretta Sybrant, lyric soprano ; Mr. Harry 
Lawrence, bass ; Mrs. Mary Weaver Mc- 
Cauley, soprano ; Miss Adele Davis, accompa- 
nist. This with the regular weekly dance on 
Saturday night is sure to prove enjoyable to 
those from the city who go down for week- 
end vacations. 

— »»- 

A Paris journalist has devoted his energies 
toward perfecting statistics to show where the 
theatre is most popular. His figures show 
that — which is no surprise — the land of un- 
bounded possibilities comes first. In New 
York, the American metropolis, the theatres 
have a seating capacity of 123,795. Then 
comes London, with 120,950, and Paris takes 
third place, with 83,331. 

J. F. Twist, Dentist, 1476 Eddy Street, 
near Fillmore. Phone West 304. 




Eugene Korn 




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is perfect — the hotel comfortable and supplied 
with an unexcelled table. See Southern Pacific 
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John F. Forbes 

Certified Public Accountant 


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The paper used in printing the Argonaut is 

furnished by us. 


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By Josephine Hart Phelps. 

The green curtain was down. I knew it 
would be. I felt it in my bones. And for 
why? Because some people had heard those 
scareful words, religion, righteousness, spir- 
ituality. And people in the mass prefer skirt 
dances, the topical song, and the jest evoking 
that particular kind of loud laugh that speaks 
the vacant mind. 

Society was absent. The belles and the 
beaux whose names appear in the columns of 
fashionable gossip did not turn out in their 
gala fuss and feathers. And again, for why? 
Because there is* something in "The Servant 
in the House" about the brotherhood of man. 
And society doesn't care a fillip of its little 
finger for the brotherhood of man. As a 
general thing, nobody does, save the brother 
that is down in the dust of defeat. 

But this is cynicism, cheap cynicism, and 
one should not be cynical after seeing "The 
Servant in the House." It is a play that 
would make excellent reading, but it is really 
a marvel that it ever won its way on the stage 
before the irreverent, jest-loving American 

Well, it is quite evident, in spite of all our 
laughter, our jests, our frivolities, that we 
love moral cleanliness, and the Christ-like 
spirituality and purity that does not turn an 
averted face sternly away from the struggles 
of the muck, "the drain-men" who must do 
the world's menial work. 

"The Servant in the House" is not a ser- 
mon, but it is an allegory cast in dramatic 
form that amounts to one. Then there are 
no exhortations in it, but "Manson" — you 
perceive the inference to be drawn from the 
name — when he is moved by the spirit of 
righteous wrath toward hypocrisy and time- 
serving, draws for the deaf ears and pur- 
blind eyes of the grasping Bishop Makeshyfte 
a word-picture that is truly eloquent of the 
great church to be builded for all humanity, 
whose music is the heart-throbs of the people. 
For this play, that won its way in the East, 
and captured typical audiences accustomed 
only to the vapid and the sentimental style 
of drama, exalts the lowly, and shames those 
placed on high. It advocates brotherhood, 
true brotherhood, the kind that makes com- 
rades of the menial and the master, when 
their souls are in harmony. 

It sounds heavy and solemn, and rather 
alarming. "Everyman," I remember, which 
is also an allegory of spiritual meaning, was 
very impressive, but scarcely calculated to 
convey the idea of cheerful entertainment. 
The audience, weighed down and oppressed 
by a consideration of the conventions which 
usually prevail in a religious house, would 
not permit themselves to applaud. But in 
"The Servant in the House" there is many 
a hearty laugh possible. The author has 
handled with a superior comedy sense and a 
splendid insight into the hearts of the toiling 
half of humanity the scenes between the 
reverend but ill-revered bishop and the surly 
drainman, who offers, as his excuse for the 
perversion of his naturally good instincts, 
"You can't be very sweet and perlite on 
eighteen bob a week." 

Yes, the laugher may have his laugh ; a 
sound, wholesome one, that does his heart 
good. And a hearty ringing one, that springs 
from a sense of amusement so deep as even to 
spill over into the succeeding scenes. There 
are even oaths in "The Servant in the 
House," good, resounding ones. Indeed, I 
think that quite the funniest swear I ever 
heard swore was when Smith impetuously 
seized the bishop's ear-trumpet, disrespectfully 
blew through its sacred channel in travesty 
of its owner's pompous fussiness, and said 
"Did you ever 'ear of 'ell? H, E, double L, 
'ell? Then go there!" and abruptly left the 
episcopal presence. 

But the dominating motive of the play is 
that of a sacred presence, come to help strug- 
gling souls, by clearing away hypocrisy, lies, 
and the arrogant prejudices that obscure the 
, way to true brotherhood. The whole idea is 
allegorically presented, but the dramatic form 
in which it is cast is so superior, the scenes 
iso well cast, and the story so moving and so 
, appreciative of the needs -of humanity, that 
no one need dread churchly severity or re- 
] ligious solemnity. 

Thejdea of the waning brotherhood of man 
is conveyed by the separation and division of 
interests that have arisen between three 
brothers of obscure origin. One, the Bishop 
3i Benares, comes as "the servant in the 
house" to the home of his brother, the vicar. 
Dressed in the Indian costume, with flowing 

robes and sleeves, his hair curling freely 
around his head, and his thin, bearded face 
full of wan shadows, there was more than a 
suggestion of a resemblance to the pictures of 
Christ. Those who saw James O'Neill in 
the "Passion Play" during its brief and law- 
interrupted run of a week a-many years agone 
used to say that the actor played his part 
with a sense of deep reverence. 

Walter Hampden, too, I fancy, feels a sense 
of reverence for the sacredly symbolical char- 
acter he portrays. Actors are deeply sus- 
ceptible, sensitive, and impressionable, else 
how, indeed, could they act? Mr. Hampden 
has also an unusually fine, musical voice, and 
the kind of articulation that can make itself 
perfectly distinct even when the speaker's 
back is turned. His impersonation was most 
praiseworthy, and there were times when he 
rose above his usual level, as when he raised 
his hand in sorrowful blessing above the head 
of the woman who repents of her worldliness. 
Still, while one can but commend work that 
is so highly commendable, I do not think that 
Mr. Hampden is sufficiently inspiring for the 
role. He is a thought too measured, the 
cadences of his fine voice are too consciously 
employed. In comparing him to Tyrone 
Power as the laborer, I find that the latter 
seemed more the true man than Mr. Hamp- 
den seemed the true priest — or, to speak more 
exactly, the human representative of a divine 
authority. But, truly, his work at all times is 
so excellent that criticism seems like hyper- 
criticism. Perhaps if the shape of his head. 
the outline of his chin, better satisfied one's 
cesthetic standards by conforming more to 
classical ideals, if the real physiognomy, under 
the stage make-up, would not at times bring 
its reminder of mere mortality, thus blurring 
the picture, criticism might be muzzled, so 
easily is it diverted by mere beauty. Never- 
theless, physically and spiritually, the actor 
gave a striking, consistent, and what will 
prove popularly satisfying conception of a 
beautiful role. What was the best thing in 
his portrayal was his ability to win the au- 
dience to a completeness of acceptance of the 
Benares bishop as that of a sacred, or semi- 
sacred, character. Toward this result the 
author, Charles Rann Kennedy — who, by the 
way, was present and made a brief speech of 
thanks — also assisted by the excellence of the 
lines that belong to the Indian bishop. There 
is always perceptible the spirit of brother- 
hood, the righteous wrath toward hypocrisy, 
worldliness, and greed, and the absence of 
cant and pretense. 

The two other leading male characteriza- 
tions, those of Tyrone Power and Arthur 
Lewis, were absolutely perfect. With his 
splendid height and brawn, his thick, tumbled 
hair and strong features, Mr. Power seemed 
the epitome of the rude, unlettered strength 
of the toilers. He omitted not a detail of 
the outward appearance and manner of the 
laborer: his uncouth attitudes, his explosive 
earnestness, his roughened voice, his illiterate 

In wonderful contrast was Mr. Lewis's 
Lancashire bishop, the unctuous, money- 
grasping hypocrite, blind and deaf to all the 
noble possibilities in the hearts of his sorrow- 
ful brothers. A remarkable characterization 
it was, so remarkable that, as occasionally 
happens, the actor was able, for a time, to 
make us forget that the dignitary before us 
was not, in truth, the most reverend, the 
Lord Bishop of Lancashire. 

A most delightfully acted scene was that 
in which the lord bishop sat affably down to 
breakfast with Smith the drain man, in his 
purblind folly mistaking the latter for his 
brother the vicar. With these two consum- 

mate actors working the scene out, the bland 
bishop with his ear-trumpet turning every ■ 
utterance to suit his natural conception of i 
things, the workman blowing out rumblings 
and snorts of defiance and insult, the effect 
was so fundamentally and richly humorous 
that even across the calm, ascetic counte- 
nance of the Benares bishop a wan, fleeting 
smile could be seen. 

For the author has won his way to hearts 
by just such bits of realism as that. He does 
not put the inferred divinity of his main 
character upon a high shrine and approach it 
kneeling, but makes it a part of the daily life 
and daily service represented. 

The Benares bishop, entering the house of 
his brother as a servant, gives perfect service. 
He gives food, counsel, and a brother's en- 
couraging hand-clasp to his unrecognizing 
brother. He smiles, sadly, it is true, but with 
human appreciation, at the spectacle of the 
humors that must and will arise in every 
human happening. He catches the page-boy 
stealing jam, and administers a rebuke to that 
bewildered youth, who, cleverly acted by Gal- 
wey Herbert, typifies the smug, self-satisfied 
portion of humanity which, being well fed 
and sheltered, is satisfied with its conven- 
tions, and outraged when they are disturbed. 

Edmund Rann Kennedy, presumably a 
brother of the author, acted, well at times, 
and too stagily at others, the vicar whose 
soul is struggling toward the light. 

The only two female characters were beau- 
tifully acted by Edith Wynne Matthison and 
Gladys Wynne. From the resemblance of 
voice it is evident that these two charming 
actresses are related. Edith Wynne Matthi- 
son won her first American spurs as Every- 
man. The acclaiming East then held her, 
and she did not come out this way with the 
Ben Greet players. The voice and elocution 
so often and so highly praised deserve it 
well. Miss Matthison is also a sympathetic 
actress, of excellent presence, and gifted with 
unusual grace of attitude and gesture. Her 
sister — I suppose — has also a beautiful voice 
of clear silver, and her delivery of her lines 
is as if every syllable were cut in crystal. It 
isn't her Englishness, because — well, look at 
Edith Oliver. I wish a few of the New 
York favorites would take pattern from the 
delightful speech of these two gifted women, 
who so beautifully contribute to the success 
of "The Servant in the House." Miss 
Wynne, as Mary, was like a fragrant flower 
of childhood. No doubt she is a grown 
woman, but she is so simple, so girl-like, so 
uninsistent of personal charm, that she was 
able to make us forget it. 

The last scene forms a fitting climax to the 
spirit of such a play, and brings the healing 
dew of wholesome sympathy to the eyes. 
The poor workman, who has bartered away 
"the immediate jewel of his soul," has it 
again pressed to his heart. Brothers are 
clasping the hands of brothers, worldliness 
has doffed its vesture of scorn, and with tear- 
shining eyes looks on with sympathy at the 
helpful union of the lofty and the lowly. 

If you looked aloft you might have seen 
here and there that there were young work- 
men in the audience who wept. They, too, 
perhaps, like Robert Smith, had known the 
bitterness of working at foul drains, and in 
unclean places and had found it hard to be 
"sweet and perlite on eighteen bob a week. 
Their tears were an indication of how deeply 
the audience were moved — so deeply, in fact, 
that they lingered in their seats to relieve 
their hearts by a demonstration which was 
unusual, not only from its being made at all 
at such a time, but from its extreme hearti- 



Under ihe auspices of the Musical and Dramatic Com- 
mittee of the University of California 


the famous 


in fifth 


Admission 25 cents 8 to 10 p. m. 



Absolutely Class A Theatre Building 

Week beginning this Sunday afternoon 

Matinee Every Pa\ 


week of the FOUR FORDS. 

Evening prices, 10c, 25c, 50c, 75c. Box 
seats, $1. Matinee prices (except Sundays and 
Holidays), .10c, 25c, 50c. Phone WEST 6000. 


1 S. I 

THEATRE m -^ e 


S. LOVER1CH. Manager 
Class "A" Theatre Phone Weat 663 

Matinee Saturday and Sunday 

Last Two Nights 


The New York Musical Comedy Hit 




All the Princess Favorites 

in the Cast 


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BELASC0 & MAYER, Owners and Managers 

Corner Sutter and Steiner Sts. Absolute Class "A" blda. 

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Commencing Monday, July 27 


Supported by the Alcazar Players in Eugene 

W. Presbrey's Dramatization of E. W. 

Hornung's Stories 

Raffles, the Amateur Cracksman 

Prices — Evenings, 25c to $1. Matinees, Satur- 
day and Sunday, 25c to 50c. 
Monday, August 3, MR. WHITTLESEY in 



Phone Market 500 

and Grove St. 

Monday, July 27 — Last Six Nights 

Matinees Wednesday and Saturday 

The Henry Miller Associate Players 

In the Greatest Play of the Age 


Last Time Next Saturday Night 

August 3— HENRY MILLER in the new 
comedy, "MATER." 

Vacation Questions Quickly Settled 

Call or write to Dept. Ad. 948 Flood Building for literature and beautifully illustrated booklets 
on California Resorts and Outing Places. 




884 Market St., 14 Powell St., Ferry Depot 



July 25, 1908. 


How deliciously direct are some of the 
methods employed by effete Europe for dis- 
posing of its surplus stock of marriageable 
maidens. Of this commodity there is a sur- 
plus stock everywhere. In the great cities it 
is partly absorbed by business and in the 
various avocations that women are making 
their own, but at what a cost in maternal 
yearnings and in the starvation of more 
seemly and more natural aspirations. 

In some of the villages of Belgium the 
young women are still so unspoiled by the 
conventions of civilization that when they 
want to be married they are not ashamed to 
say so. At Ecaussines-Lalaing, for example, 
they hold an annual fair, a sort of reception, 
at which the marriageable young women are 
the "hosts and the would-be Benedicts of the 
country are the guests. A great many men 
who have no intention to be married come 
also, actuated no doubt by the possibilities of 
fun, but they are like poor, foolish flies who 
flutter around the light just to see what it 
feels like. They little know the charms of 
the maidens of Ecaussines-Lalaing or the com- 
pelling power of imitation or contagion. All 
too many of them come to scoff, but alas they 
remain to pray or rather to return to their 
homes accompanied by substantial samples of 
the finest produce of the little Belgian village. 

At least twenty thousand people attended 
the fete that has just been held. Five thou- 
sand of them were bachelors, said to be im- 
pressionable, and while the final trade returns 
are not yet to hand, it is said that the catch 
was a record one. At least, there was "more 
enthusiasm" than ever before. 

We do not see how there could be anything 
else than enthusiasm. Fancy being met at 
the train by a bevy of young girls, all of them 
open to eligible offers, all of them clothed in 
village modesty and their best behavior, eager 
to show the sights of the town, with special 
emphasis on the town-hall, where so many 
maidens have been married as a reward of en- 
terprise, without doubt to live happily ever 
afterwards, or at least to suppress all evi- 
dences to the contrary. And if the pilgrim- 
age of sight-seeing under such auspices is not 
enough, if there should still be reluctance, 
then there is the feast of truly Arcadian sim- 
plicity that should surely loosen the avowal 
that must be already trembling on the lips. 
After the luncheon there was a speech by the 
eighteen-year-old president of the Spinsters' 
Society, a speech extolling matrimony in such 
glowing phrases that he who would resist its 
charm must surely have a heart of adamant. 
That the fair orator had no practical knowl- 
edge of her subject mattered not at all. She 
was good to look upon, and when she finished 
she was overwhelmed with flowers and — it 
may be hoped — proposals. And then there 
was the evening ball, and that must have com- 
pleted the rout of the male heart. It must 
have been a case of abject surrender, and so 
indeed it was in very many cases, for the 
fortunate maidens were in no way backward 
in making known their success, but not, let 
us hope, with any malice for those who had 
drawn blanks and for whom we may wish a 
''better luck next time." 

The present Duke of Wellington, whose 
financial embarrassments have been reported 
from London, is in the unfortunate position 
of . having inherited a title — indeed, many 
titles — without the wherewithal to sustain 
them. When the first Duke of Wellington 
overthrew Napoleon he did a very good thing 
for himself as well as for his country. He 
was awarded the sum of $2,000,000 by the 
nation or rather by the government of the 
day, and he was also presented with the 
estate of Strathfieldsaye an_d a pension of 
$25,000 a year. The soldiers, who were not 
without their share in that "famous victory," 
were rewarded on a less liberal scale, if, in- 
deed, they were rewarded at all. 

But the pension was not granted in per- 
petuity. It was limited to three generations, 
and that the present duke happens to be the 
fourth generation is a sufficient explanation 
of his present impecuniosity. The title also 
should have been limited to three generations, 
and the latest holder of the title could then 
have sunk back into the ranks of the "great 
unwashed" and we should not have been dis- 
tressed by the spectacle of a real live duke in 
distress for lack of money. It is true those 
of lesser estate are often in the same predica- 
ment, but a great title is usually associated 
with wealth, and it is distressing to see them 
thus divorced. But, after all, it was not the 
present duke who overthrew Napoleon nor 
does it seem that he has done anything else 
especially to endear him to his nation. 

But he is by no means an insignificant 
figure. Quiet, modest, and unassuming, the 
Duke of Wellington is a scientist of no mean 
order. His love of chemistry drew him into 
intimate association with Lord Salisbury, who 
was himself a practical chemist of high attain- 
ments. The Duke of Wellington has never 
done anything to lessen the prestige of the 
name that he bears, and if he has now fallen 
upo'L evil days he will meet with a hearty 
sy-x.pathy from those who know him best. 

' here is a curious obligation laid upon the 
ler of Strathfieldsaye. With each anni- 

■ r sary of the battle of Waterloo he must i ent to the king a French flag such as was 
:arried by Napoleon to that disastrous field, 

and the ceremony has never been neglected 
from that day to this. Curiously enough, the 
tenure of Blenheim, the seat of the Duke of 
Marlborough, who married Consuelo Vander- 
bilt, is subject to a like condition. A flag 
must be presented to the king upon every 
anniversary of the great fight. 

Another remarkable ceremony attaching to 
the hereditary Duke of Wellington is the right 
to remain covered in the presence of the 
King of Spain. This right was recently exer- 
cised by the present duke, although it is very 
certain that the first of that title never 
availed himself of the privilege, or indeed 
any other privilege that involved participa- 
tion in rites and ceremonies — if he could pos- 
sibly keep out of them. 

The fact that the Prince of Wales has 
lately been the guest of the Duke of 
Northumberland has attracted some attention 
to the story of a great, aristocratic house 
popularly supposed to contain the bluest of 
all the blue blood to be found in England. 
If there is anything more exclusive, more 
typical, of the "old nobility" than the family 
of Percy, we have yet to hear of it. 

But a little examination of the archives 
brings with it a sad disillusionment. The 
house of Percy is indeed an ancient one, but 
where now are we to find the house of Percy ? 
When Josceline, eleventh Earl of Northum- 
berland, died in Turin, in 1670, he left no 
male heir, and by all right and reason the 
line became extinct. 

But the earldom of Northumberland was 
too good a thing to be lost in that way. 
Charles II, by those truly royal favors dis- 
pensed by him with such a lavish hand, had 
many children who were born without those 
rigid formalities demanded by the Puritanism 
of earlier and later days. Among them were 
the three sons of the beautiful Duchess of 
Cleveland, and as some provision had to be 
made for royal, if tainted, blood, the third of 
these three sons became the Duke of 
Northumberland. He had not, of course, a 
single drop of the original Percy blood. He 
was an illegitimate parvenu and one of the 
many outward and visible signs of the lowest 
point ever reached by an English royal 

But the line again became extinct in 1716, 
and, to make a long story short, it was again 
revived in 1749. By this time, it will be 
seen, we are getting down to very recent 
years and the "old nobility" has suffered 
sadly in the process. In the year 1749 the 
title was given to Sir Hugh Smithson, a 
Yorkshire baronet, and as the worthy Smith- 
son knew a good thing when he saw it, he 
promptly changed his name to Percy and 
became Duke of Northumberland, Lord 
Lovaine, and Baron of Alnwick. He was 
by no means a bad sort of man, but that is 
not the point. The point is that he had no 
more hereditary right to the name of Percy 
or to the dukedom of Northumberland than 
the present writer. 

George III knew the exact value of the 
title in his day, and he made no secret of his 
knowledge. When the so-called duke asked 
the king for the Order of the Garter his 
majesty demurred, and was reminded by the 
petulant claimant that it was the first occa- 
sion that the Garter had been refused to a 
Percy. "True," replied the king, "and it is 
the first time that a Smithson has asked for 

The hereditary privileges of the Dukes of 
Northumberland are not confined entirely to 
this life. They have also the right to be 
buried in Westminster Abbey, and if we could 
but see their innermost convictions we should 
probably find among them a certainty that a 
specially reserved seat in immediate prox- 
imity to the Throne of Grace is also among 
their privileges. 

It seems that the present year is the centen- 
nial of waltzing, and as such it is to be duly 
honored by a grand celebration at the Paris 
Opera House. Just a hundred years ago the 
soldiers of Napoleon found the peasants of 
Thuringia dancing a dance quite strange to 
the capitals of Europe, but that commended 
itself to those gallant warriors because of the 
close contact between the partners. The 
Frenchmen had never seen such a thing as 
that before and it did not take them long to 
learn the new movement. When they re- 
turned to Paris the waltz came with them 
and its introduction to Europe was an accom- 
plished fact. 

But it would seem from inquiries made by 
the New Orleans Times-Democrat that the 
waltz has an older European history than that 
and that its arrival in Paris a hundred years 
ago was its second appearance. So at least 
says Charles Malherbe, the archivist of the 
Paris Grand Opera, who avows that the waltz 
is entirely French and of an unmeasured an- 
tiquity : 

"In the twelfth century," says Malherbe, "the 
waltz was known in Provence — and called the 
volta. Then, it was not only danced, but sung 
while dancing. The song was the ballada; and 
we must admit it to have been pompous and slow, 
with as much of the minuet as of the waltz as we 
know it. 

"Under Louis XII (year 1500) the waltz-volta 
was brought up to Paris, where it remained in 
vogue at the court all through the sixteenth cen- 
tury. Would we recognize it as the waltz ? I 
think so. Certainly its music was in waltz time." 

At the beginning of the article in the 

Times-Democrat we find a reference, the 
elucidation of which is reserved for the con- 
clusion. We are told that the French pa- 
triots are no more willing to admit that the 
waltz originated in Germany than are those 
of Boston to admit that "The Boston" had its 
rise in San Diego, California. 

Does such an honor really belong to the 
southermost city of the State? It would seem 
so, and certainly San Diego is beautiful 
enough to be the mother of all beautiful 
things, including beautiful dances. Here is 
the story as given by the Times-Democrat : 

It may be put down for certain that the waltz- 
story is to have a very American ending — whose 
beginning is to be in San Diego, California, be- 
cause no one connected with either the Paris 
Grand Opera or high Parisian society is ignorant 
of the high works of our own Washington Lopp! 

Some thirteen years ago the late Henri Plucque, 
then regisseur of the Grand Opera ballet, wrote 
to his confrere of the Metropolitan, New York, 
for some one to teach his coryphees step-dances 
in view of "La Kerrigane," whose wooden-shoe 
dance lasts twenty minutes. 

In reply from New York there arrived Mr. 
Lopp, . . . who taught the lovely creatures 
clogs, jigs, hornpipes, and sand-dances in variety 
through a whole year. 

Fly the time his Grand Opera ballet lessons 
were over, the young American had caught the 
Paris fever. At first his private pupils were 
mostly professionals, like Otero, Cleo de Merode, 
Muria, and Guerrero. Then came half a dozen 
Paris dancing masters and mistresses to learn to 
teach the Newport, the waltz-lancers, the Wash- 
ington — and, above all, the Boston, danced and 
talked of continually by the Americans of the 

Then came the children of Americans and 
English ; and when they brought word back to 
their parents that this nice young Mr. Lopp was 
the inventor of the Boston, both the colonies and 
high Parisian society began to pile in on the 
classes, until today all the swell youth of the gay 
capital has passed through them, from the chil- 
dren of the Baronne Alphonse de Rothschild to 
those of the late Casimir-Perier, from those of 
the young Duchesse d'Uzes to the Princesse 
Colonna's, the Duchesse de Graramont's, the Prin- 
cesse de Wagram's, and the kids of the British 

Mr. Lopp is today proprietor of the million- 
dollar Washington Palace, just off the Champs 
Elysees, where come off nightly some of the 
swellest functions of the capital. Rich French, 
Americans, and English rent it, complete, for a 

ball, with its vast dancing floor, its many salons, 
dressing-rooms, supper-rooms, and ultra-modern 
kitchens; and while it would not be seemly for 
such a private enterprise to get advertisement 
from the Grand Opera's Waltz-Centennial, M. 
Messager swears that he will put in the Boston 
dip and the historic San Diego incident, as all] 
Parisian society believes it. 

"The Boston as danced in Parisian society," 
says Mr. Lopp, in a recent interview, "is not the 
Boston dip, of course, you know. When quite a 
young fellow, I ran off and joined a minstrel 
compan3'. At San Diego, where it stranded, I 
set up a dancing class — and there we, I and my 
pupils, evolved the Boston as I have taught it in 

Here, then, is fame for San Diego, Cali- 
fornia, if, indeed, San Diego needs any more 
fame than its own matchless natural graces 
have given to it. 

A physician makes the following sugges- 
tions for the benefit of ladies afflicted with 
the summer sale complaint: 

(1) Eat a moderate but substantial breakfast, 
and take your time over it. 

(2) Ride, if you can, to your first destination. 
Start the fray fresh. 

(3) Don't try to visit thirteen shops in a 
single day. Leave one or two for another week. 

(4) Remember lunch. 

(5) Take a hot bath on your return home, 
slip on a dressing-gown and eat only a light 

(6) Don't talk "sales" to your husband for 
more than an hour. 

(7) Be philosophic, be patient, and be kind. 
Remember there are other pebbles on the beach. 

"The learned counsel for the defense," said 
the plaintiff's attorney, "appears to be afraid 
of losing his case. Otherwise, why isn't he 
ready to go on?" "I've got a good excuse," 
replied counsel for the defense. "Nonsense! 
Ignorance of the law excuses no one." — Phila- 
delphia Press. 

"Have you ever been arrested for speed- 
ing?" "No," answered the chauffeur. "But 
I think it's because the police in the town 
where I worked had a grouch against me and 
wanted to keep me from ever getting a job 
running a swell car for a real sport." — Louis- 
ville Herald. 



Old Hickory, 
Willow and 
Prairie Grass 
Furniture for 
Verandas and 
Summer Homes 

Van Ness and Sutter 




Atchison, Kas $60.00 

Baltimore, Md 107.50 

Boston, Mass 110.50 

Chicago, 111. . 
Council Bluffs, la. 


Duluth, Minn 79.50 

Houston, Tex 60.00 

Kansas City, Mo... $60.00 
Leavenworth, Kas.. 60.00 
Memphis, Tenn.... 67.50 

Mineola, Tex 60.00 

Minneapolis, Minn. 73.50 
New Orleans, La. . . 67.50 
New York, N. Y. ..108.50 

On Sale July 28-29. August 17-18-24-25. 

Omaha, Neb $60.00 

Pacific Junction, la. 60.00 
Philadelphia, Pa... 108.50 

Sioux City, la 63.90 

St. Joseph. Mo 60.00 

St. Louis, Mo 67.50 

St. Paul, Minn 73.50 

| Washington, D. C. . 107.50 

September 15-16. 

Colorado Springs, Colo., $55.00; Denver, Colo., $55.00; Pueblo, Colo., $55.00. 
On Sale September 14-15. 

Montreal, Que., $108.50; Toronto, Canada, $94.40. 
On Sale July 28-29, August 17-18-24-25. 

Let me make your sleeping-car reservation early and explain details. 

F. W. PRINCE, C. T. A., 673 Market Street 
J. J. WARNER, 1112 Broadway, Oakland 


July 25, 1908. 














Peres Chartreux 


This famous cordial, now made at Tarra- 
gona, Spain, was for centuries distilled by 
the Caithusian Monks (Peres Chartreux) 
at the Monastery of La Grande Chartreuse, 
France, and known throughout the world 
as Chartreuse. The above cut represents 
the bottle and label employed in the put- 
ting up of the article since the Monks' expul- 
sion from France, and it is now known as 
Liqueur Peres Chartreux (the Monks, however, 
still retain the right to use the old bottle 
and label as well) distilled bv the same order 
of Monks, who have securely guarded the 
secret of its manufacture for hundreds of 
years, taking it with them at the time they 
left the Monastery of La Grande Chartreuse, 
and who, therefore, alone possess a knowledge 
of the elements of this delicious nectar. No 
Liqueur associated with the name of the Car- 
thusian Monks (Peres Chartreux) and made 
since their expulsion from France is genuine 
except that made by them at Tarragona, 

At first-class Wine Merchants, Grocers, 

Hotels, Cafes. 

Batjer & Co., 45 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 

Sole Agents for United States. 

S. F. and North Pacific 5% 
Market St. 1st Con. 5% 
Cal. Central Gas and El. 5% 
Sacramento El. Gas and Ry. 5% 





We » Direct Wire to N. Y. 


^ users or 

ZaJbels, Cartons, 

and Grforfrinting 

That our 

Office and Factory 

Js again located 

at the old stand 




Connecticut Fire Insurance Company 

■ Established 1850 


Total Assets $5,817,423 

' Surplus to Policy-Holders 2,118,394 


Manager Pacific Department 


San Francisco 

Roy C. Ward 
Jas. K. Polk 

Jas. W. Dean 
Geo. E. Billings 



312 California Street. Phone Douglas 2283 

San Francisco, Cal. 


Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise. 

Chopin hated playing at social festivities. 
To a lady who, after the dinner, asked him 
to play he melancholically answered : "Is it 
really necessary ? I only ate so little." 

Few possess the quickness of thought and 
action characteristic of the costermonger's 
wife who exclaimed: "She said I wasn't a 
loidy, she did, and the next minute I 'ad 'er 
'ead in the gutter." 

The automobile halted before the general 
store of the village. The owner-chauffeur 
alighted and accosted a drowsy clerk. "I 
want a linen duster," he said. "I am very 
sorry," said the clerk, "but we are just out 
of linen dusters. I can let you have a nice 
feather duster !" 

Once that genial comedian, the late Peter 
Dailey, consulted an oculist about his eyes. 
His nose was small and he couldn't keep on 
the glasses with which the oculist was trying 
to fit him. "You are not used to glasses, Mr. 
Dailey," said the oculist. "Oh, yes I am," 
replied Mr. Dailey, "but not so high up." 

A Scotch laboring man, who had married 
a rich widow, exceptional for her plainness, 
was accosted by his employer : "Well, 
Thomas," he said, "I hear you are married. 
What sort of a wife have you got?" "Well, 
sir," was the response, "she's the Creator's 
handiwork, but I canna' say she's His master- 

A man once asked Thackeray to lend him 
five shillings, which he would convert into 
£20,000. Asked how, he explained that he 
knew a young woman with £20,000 who he 
knew would marry him if he asked her, but 
he had pawned his teeth, and wanted five 
shillings to redeem them, in order to propose 

Some navvies in a railway carriage were 
once in loud conversation, swearing boister- 
ously the while. One of them was especially 
fluent. "My friend," said another passenger 
in shocked tones, "where did you learn to use 
such language?" "Learn I" cried the navvy. 
"You can't learn it, guv'nor. It's a gift, 
that's wot it is." 

A splenetic Englishman, trying to badger 
a Scotchman who was something of a wag, 
declared that no man of taste would think 
of remaining any time in such a country as 
Scotland. "Tastes differ," replied the Scot, 
suavely. "I'll take ye to a place in Scot- 
land not far frae Stirling whaur thretty thou- 
sand of your countrymen ha' been for five 
hundred years, an' they've nae thocht o' 
leavin' yet." 

A meek-looking little man with a large 
pasteboard box climbed on the car. As he 
did so he bumped slightly into a sleepy, cor- 
pulent passenger with a self-satisfied look and 
two little dabs of sidewhiskers. As the car 
rounded a curve the box rubbed against him 
again and he growled : "This is no freight 
car, is it?" "Nope," returned the meek little 
chap with the box, "and when you come right 
down to it, it aint any cattle car either, is 

Governor Oglesby once visited the State 
penitentiary at Joliet to hear complaints of 
prisoners and inspect the premises. The gov- 
ernor stopped before a cell containing an 
unusually ugly man. "My man," said Gov- 
ernor Oglesby, pleasantly, "how did you get 
here?" "For abducting a girl," growled the 
man. Governor Oglesby looked him over 
critically and then said : "Well, I'll pardon 
you as soon as I get back to Springfield. You 
could not get a girl in any other way!" 

There was a suburban lady whose house, 
one summer, was quite overrun with moths. 
A tramp told her that, in return for a square 
meal, he would give her an infallible moth 
cure. She set a square meal before the 
tramp, he devoured it. then he said: "All ye 
need to do, ma'am, is to hang yer moth-filled 
clothes and carpets and things on a line and 
beat 'em with a stick. Good-by to yer moths 
then." "Will that kill them?" asked the 
lady. "Yes, if ye hit 'em," said the tramp. 

Mrs. Carrie Nation, arrested in Pittsburg, 
said that she had been arrested thirty-three 
times. "I try to do good," she told a re- 
porter. "In trying to do good I take life 
hard. Some folks, most folks, in fact, take 
it easy — as easy as the new hired girl wanted 
to take her new place. 'Everything goes by 
clockwork here.' the mistress said to this girl. 
'By clockwork, mind you. You get up at 6, 
you dine at 12, and you go to bed at 10.' 
'Well, if that's all,' said the girl, with a 
smile, 'I think I can manage it.' " 

He was a collector for an installment house, 
new at the business and sensitive about per- 
forming an unpleasant duty. He was particu- 
larly embarrassed because the lady upon 
whom he had called to perform this unpleas- 
ant duty was so exceedingly polite. Still, 

the van was at the door, the lady was in 
arrears in her payments, and he remembered 
his duty. "Good morning," said the lady. 
"It's a beautiful day, ish't it?" "Beautiful," 
he agreed> "Won't you take a chair ?" she 
said. "Er — no, thank you, not this morning," 
he stammered. "I've Come to take the 
piano 1" 

This is the rebuff of a housekeeper who 
had rather a small stock of patience and went 
into her kitchen ohe day to direct the 
preparation of dinner. She found George, 
her Japanese cook, poring over a book. 
"What are you reading?" she asked. 
"Schopenhauer," George replied. "Do yoii 
think you Can understand such philosophy?" 
the mistress inquired. "Yes, honorable 
madam. I understand it ; I apply it. When 
you come to tell me how to cook, it is good 
to remember what the white man says about 
women. I read here, then I riot mind what 
you say." 

The manager of a touring baseball team 
records this incident of a Southern trip : "We 
hit Palm Beach one spring to play a coUple 
of exhibition games and the hotel was packed. 
It was so crowded that they doubled us all 
up in one room arid before night the manage- 
ment had to fix bunks in the church Con- 
nected with the hotel and send a lot of men 
to sleep there. Along about five o'clock the 
next morning the church bell began to ring 
furiously and finally the Clerk Chased one of 
the bellboys over to see what the matter was. 
'What's the trouble?' asked the clerk, when 
the coori came back. 'Gennulman ih pew 17 
says he wants a cocktail, suh.' " 



Cheerful Mary. 
Mary sat upon a pin. 

But showed no perturbation ; 

For part of her was genuine, 
But most was imitation. 

— The Sphinx. 

Spring Shopping. 
It was the busy hour of four 
When from a city hardware store 
Emerged a gentleman who bore 

6 screens, 50 feet of garden 

hose, 1 rake, 1 wheelbarrow. 

This gentleman with air distraught 
A big department shop then sought 
And there invested in, or bought, 

40 yards mosquito netting, 

1 hammock, 1 croquet set. 

His business next our hero leads 

Unto a place which retails seeds. 

It takes to satisfy his needs 

24 packages assorted annuals, 

10 rose bushes, 1 peck mixed 


The sun was low behind a hill 

When he got to Lonelyville. 

And then his wife in accents shrill 
Pointed out that he'd forgotten 
the sprinkling can, the pruning 
shears and the lawnmower! 

— Louisville Courier-Journal. 

When She Comes. 
My love may come when roses blow 

Or when the leaves are sere; 
My love may come with cheeks aglow 

Or filled with sudden fear; 
My love may come with golden hair 

Or tresses dark as night; 
No matter when, no matter where, 
The day will be divinely fair, 

The world superbly bright. 

My love may come when I am old 

Or ere youth's fancies flee; 
Before this day's last hour is told 

My love may come to me; 
It may be on some mountain high 

Or on some placid shore; 
No matter when or where or why, 
I'll know her when she comes, as I 

So often have before. 

— Chicago Record-Herald. 

From the Sad Sea Waves. 
In autumn, when the days are cool once more, 
And you flit out to luncheon from the store, 
You note the blonde who hollers "Pie and 
And murmur, where have I seen her before? 

Your brain harks back; you sit beside the sea; 
The chair, veranda, and the vagrant she 

All come to mind, and then you recollect 
The whisp'ring widow, your beach affinity. 

— Boston Traveler. 

Grover Cleveland once declared that he 
was an optimist, but not "an if-ist." "An 
if-ist," said Mr. Cleveland, "is a person who 
is a slave to the little word if. whereas an 
optimist hopes for the best in a sane manner. 
The if-ist is never quite sane. I once knew 
an if-ist who was lost in the Maine woods 
with a companion on a hunting expedition. 
As night came on they made camp, but, 
although they were hungry, they had shot no 
game, and had nothing to eat. With a per- 
fectly serious face this fellow looked at his 
companion and said: 'If we only had some 
ham, we'd have ham and eggs, if we only 
had some eggs !' " 

A. Hirschman. 

For fine jewelry and silverware. 164 1-1643 
Van Ness Avenue. 

Savings Bank 

316 Montgomery street 

Sab Ft-ancLco. Cal. 

Authorized Capital - $1,000,000.00 
Paid-up Capital - - 500,000.00 

Surplus and Undivided Profits 313,000.00 



Per Annum 

Interest at the Rate of 4 per cent, per annum 

was paid on Deposits for Six, Months 

ending June 30. 190B 


Wm. Babcock, S.. L. Abbot, O. D. Baldwin, 
Joseph D. Grant, E. J. McCutcheh, L. F. Mop- 
teagle, R. II. Pease, Warren D. Clark, Jas. L. 
Flood, Fred W. Ray, J. A. Donohoe, Jacob 

The Anglo - Calif ornian Bank, Lti 

Established 1S73 
Head Office — London 

Main Office — Pine and Sansome Streets, San 

Branches— 1020 Van Ness Avenue, Mission 
and Sixteenth Streets, San Francisco 

Managers: L Steinhart, P. N. Lilienthal 

Capital paid in $1,500,000 

Surplus and undivided profits 1,449,721 

A General Banking Business Conducted. 
Accounts of Corporations, Firms, and Indi- 
viduals Solicited. Correspondence invited. 

Safe Deposit Vaults at Van Ness Avenue and 
Mission Branches. 

French Savings Bank 

The French Savings Bank Building, 108-110 
Sutter Street. 


occupies offices in the same building. 

Officers — Charles Carpy, President; Arthur 
Legallet, Vice-President; Leon Bocqueraz, Vice- 
President; Alphonse Bousquet, Secretary. 

Directors — J. E. Artigues, O. Bozio, J. A. 
Bergerot, John Ginty, J. M. Dupas, T. S. 
Godeau, N. C. Babin, George Belaney, H. de 

Safe Deposit Boxes for Rent 

The German Savings and Loan Society 

526 California St., San Francisco 

Guaranteed Capital $ 1,200,000.00 

Capital actually paid up in cash. 1,000,000.00 
Reserve and Contingent Funds.. 1,453,983.62 

Deposits Tune 30, 1908 34,474,554.23 

Total Assets 37,055,263.31 

OFFICERS— President, N. Ohlandt; First 
Vice-President, Daniel Meyer; Second Vice- 
President, Emil Rohte; Cashier, A. H. R. 
Schmidt; Assistant Cashier, William Herr- 
mann; Secretary, George Tourny ; Assistant 
Secretary, A. H. Muller; Goodfellow & Eetls, 
General Attorneys. 

Laniel Meyer, Emil Rohte, Ign. Steinhart, I. 
N. Walter, J. \\ . Van Bergen, F. Tillmann, Jr., 
E. T. Kruse, and W. S. Goodfellow. 


N. W. cor. Sutter and Sansome 

CAPITAL - - - $2,500,000 
SURPLUS - - - 620,000 

Sig Greenebaum, H. Fleishhacker, 

President Vice-President and Mgr. 

R. Altschul, Cashier 

^ The National Bank ROLL OF HONOR 

The title " Roll of Honor National 
Bank " is a distinction of which any 
financial institution in ihe United States 
may be proud. As is well known a 
Roll of Honor Bank " is one possess- 
ing surplus and profits in excess of cap- 
ital. A place on the Roll of Honor can 
.not be bought, it must be earned. 
This bank has for a long lime been known as a " Roll of 
Honor Bank '* among banks and bankers. 



. W. Navlor. Prti. P. M. Wilson. VIh-Ptii. 

NAVLOK, Catflier. F. C.MORTIMHR Allt. Caihitr 


United States Depositary 

Berkeley. Cal. 
Directoks — George P. Baxter, Pres. ; J. W. 
Richards, Vice-Pres.; Benjamin Bangs. Vice- 
Pres.; Louis Titus, Dr. Thomas Addison, A. G. 
Freeman, Duncan McDuffie, Perry T. Tomp- 
kins, F. L. Lipman. W. T. Hotchki&s. and Whit- 
ney Palachc. P. H. ATKINSON, Cashier. 


T< 'Hi INTO 

U. S. Assets S2.493.1S4 

■■ Surplus 483,98') 


1004 merchants' exchange 


1. J. Kennv, W. L. \V. MlLi.r 

Manager Assistant M 



July 25, 1908 


Notes and Gossip. 

A chronicle of the social happenings dur- 
ing the past week in the cities on and around 
the Bay of San Francisco will be found in the 
following department: 

Word comes from all the out-of-town re- 
sorts of golf and tennis, automobiling, and 
boating with which the summer months are 
flying. But even these exciting out-door 
sports have not successfully rivaled the win- 
ter's fondness for bridge. Many card tables 
in shady veranda nooks attest the survival 
of the vogue of this popular game, and some 
elaborate card parties are being given at the 
hotels and country houses. 

Another attractive feature of the near-by 
places is the week-end dinner dances that 
enable the men who must be in town all week 
to run down into the country and enjoy a 
round of gayety between business hours. 

Mrs. C. G. Noble announces the engagement 
of her daughter, Miss Cara Pickens Noble, to 
Mr. Victor Kohnk of Hamburg, Germany. 

Mr. George H. Strong has announced the 
engagement of his daughter, Miss Georgia 
Strong to Mr. Charles Parker Hubbard. 

The engagement is announced of Miss 
Maude Payne, daughter of Mrs. J. Eugene 
Freeman, to Mr. Russell Bogue. 

Mrs. Lucy H. Quimby has announced the 
engagement of her daughter, Miss Helen 
Quimby, to Captain Henry Minett, U. S. N., 
retired. Miss Quimby is the daughter of the 
late Captain and Brevet Major William M. 
Quimby, U. S. A. 

The marriage of Miss Claire Chabot and 
Mr. Leon Bocqueraz will be celebrated Tues- 
day, July 28, at Mrs. Chabot's country place, 
Villaremi, Napa County, in the presence of 
the family only. 

A wedding of much interest on both sides 
of the Bay will be that of Miss Constance 
Dixon, youngest daughter of Mrs. H. St. 
John Dixon of Sausalito, and Mr. Charles 
Duncan of Seattle. The date of the wedding 
is set for the first week in August. 

Mrs. Llewellyn Jones has issued invitations 
for the marriage of her daughter, Miss Grace 
Llewellyn, to Mr, Robert Gibson, Jr., to take 
place Saturday, the 15th of August, at Trinity 
Church. Mr. and Mrs. Gibson will - be at 
home after the first of November in their 
New York house. 

The marriage of Miss Anna Foster and 
Dr. Lawrence Draper will be an event of the 
late summer. The ceremony is to be sol- 
emnized at "Fairhills," the Foster home in 
San Rafael, early in August. 

A marriage planned for the early autumn 
is that of Miss Grace Baldwin and Mr. Rus- 
sell Self ridge. An extended tour of the 
Eastern cities will follow the wedding, after 
which they will return to this city to reside. 

The wedding of Miss Louise Hollister 
Cooper and Mr. Hewitt Davenport took place 
Monday of last week. The ceremony was 
performed by the Rev. Henry Morgan and 
was witnessed by only the closest relatives 
and friends of the families. Mr. and Mrs. 
Davenport expect to make their home in 
Spirit Lake, Idaho. 

The marriage of Miss Emily Wilson, daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. Russell Wilson, and Mr. 
Orville C. Pratt was solemnized last week. 

Colonel and Mrs. Marion P. Maus of the 
Presidio of Monterey gave a dinner at the 
St. Francis last Monday in honor of Colonel 
J. W. Duncan. 

Misses Evelyn and Anna Van Winkle have 
been entertaining a house party at their home 
at Brookdale the past week. Among their 
guests are Miss Lurline Matson, Miss Grace 
Gibson, Miss Marie Landers, and Miss 
Frances Pierce. 

Miss Florence Breckenridge was hostess a 
few days ago at an informal luncheon at the 
Fairmont. Her guests of honor were Miss 
Augusta Foute and Miss Mary Keeney. 

Misses Marian and Jeannette Wright were 
hostesses last week at their Scott-Street home 
of an informal card party given in honor of 
Miss Betty Angus, whose engagement to Mr. 
St. George Holden has recently been an- 
nounced. Their guests were Dr. and Mrs, 
Converse, Mr. and Mrs. Herrick, Miss Ethel 
Hartson, Miss Holden, Miss Thompson, Miss 
Christine Judah, Mr. Roussi, Mr. Woods, Mr. 
Clerk, Mr. Torney, and Mr. Moulder. 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry T. Scott recently en- 
tertained a number of friends at a dinner at 
the Burlingame Club in honor of Mr. Thomas 
Sherwin, who is soon to take his departure 
for Boston. 

The officers and ladies of the Presidio gave 
one of their popular dances Friday evening 
in the Officers' Club, which was largely at- 
tended by many of the younger set from this 
city and Mare Island. 

Miss Elisabeth Mills gave an informal tea 
last week at her home on Pacific Avenue in 
honor of Miss Maude Payne, whose engage- 
ment to Mr. Russell Bogue has recently been 

Movements and "Whereabouts. 
Annexed will be found a resume of move- 
ments to and from this city and Coast and of 
the whereabouts of absent Californians : 

Mr. and Mrs. Laurence Irving Scott are 
enjoying ' a motor trip through the Tahoe 

Miss Jennie Crocker has returned from 

London, where she was the guest of the 
family of Minister Whitelaw Reid, and is at 

Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Sharon are at their 
home at Menlo Park. 

Commander Charles A. Gove and Mrs. Gove 
have returned to town, after a visit in Bur- 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry S. Crocker are en 
route to New York, whence they will sail 
later for Europe. 

Mrs. Adrian von Behrens intends to return 
to Washington in a few weeks, where she 
will join her husband. 

Mr. and Mrs, Peter Martin are at The 
Peninsula, San Mateo, for the remainder of 

Mr. and Mrs. Eugene de Sabla are at Paso 
Robles for a few weeks. 

Vicomte and Vicomtess de Tristan and Miss 
Marie Christian de Guigne have returned to 

Miss Bessie Scott of Baltimore, who has 
been the guest of her uncle's family, the 
Henry T. Scotts, has returned to her Eastern 

Mrs. C. B. Alexander and her daughters 
have recently arrived from New York and 
are at the Fairmont. 

Miss Marjorie Josselyn is the guest of Mr. 
and Mrs. Frederick Kohl at their country 
seat, Idlewild. 

Miss Katherine Martin of Santa Cruz is 
the guest of Dr. and Mrs. Philip King Brown. 

Miss Ardella Mills is planning to go to 
New York within a few weeks, whence she 
will sail later for an extended European 

Miss Janet Coleman, who has been the 
guest of her sister, Mrs. Jennings, at Wash- 
ington, D. C, has returned to her home in 
this city. 

Mr. and Mrs. Timothy Hopkins have been 
entertaining Mrs. Rosenstock during the 

Mr. and Mrs. Atherton Macondray are at 
their Menlo Park home for the remainder of 
the summer. 

Miss Evelyn Norwood, who has been in 
Los Gatos during the summer, is planning to 
return to town the first of the month. 

Miss Madeline Clay is motoring with a 
party of friends through the southern part of 
the State. 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Dean are expected to 
return within a few days from their travels 

Brigadier-General and Mrs. Henry E. 
Noyes have returned to town, after several 
weeks' stay at Santa Barbara. 

Miss Maud O'Connor has returned from a 
visit in San Rafael, where she has been the 
guest of Mrs. Frank S. Johnson. 

Mrs. O. P. Jackson has sailed for Honolulu, 
where she will make a short visit before sail- 
ing to Japan to join the fleet. 

Mrs. George Howard has returned to her 
home in San Mateo, after a visit at Del 

Mr. and Mrs. Horace Pillsbury are spend- 
ing a few weeks in Napa County. 

Mr. George Cameron expects to leave in a 
few days for Paris. 

Miss Ethel Hartson of St. Helena is the 
guest of Miss Betty Angus. 

Miss Sara Drum is the guest of Mrs. Hitch- 
cock at her home in Burlingame. 

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Tobin are spending 
the summer in the Napa Valley. 

Mrs. William P. Morgan has been enter- 
taining Mrs. Porter at her home in San 

Miss Frances Martin of Ross Valley is en- 
tertaining Miss Dolly McGavin. 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Stanley Dollar are 
spending a few weeks at The Peninsula, San 

Miss Frances McKinstry is spending sev- 
eral weeks in the Tahoe country. 

Mrs. Uriel Sebree, wife of Admiral Sebree, 
has returned from her trip to the southern 
part of the State and has gone to Seattle. 

Mr. and Mrs. George McNear and Miss 
Elisabeth McNear are at Byron Springs. 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Driscoll have re- 
turned to Burlingame, after several weeks in 
the mountains. 

Miss Madeline Bohrmann is the guest of 
Mrs. Evan Pillsbury. 

Mrs. A. B. Cook was a passenger on the 
last out-bound steamer for Honolulu. After 
a visit at Honolulu Mrs. Cook will join her 
husband in Japan upon the arrival of the 

Mrs. Walter Dean has returned from Los 
Angeles, where she has been the guest of 
Mrs. Frank Hicks. 

Mrs. Richard Bayne has returned from her 
trip to Yosemite. 

Mr. Charles Bull has been the guest during 
the past week of Dr. Walter Chidester at San 

Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Beaver are at 
their cottage at Inverness. 

Mr. and Mrs. William Bull Pringle are at 
Agua Caliente for the summer. 

Miss Minnie Houghton has been the guest 
for a few days of Mrs. Robert Nuttall. 

Mrs. James P. Langhorne has recently been 
the guest of Mrs. William Bourn at St. 

Mr. and Mrs. Parker Whitney are at Pacific 
Grove for the summer. 

Mrs. William H. Howard is at Paso Robles 
for a few weeks. 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry Willar have leased 

their Sausalito home and are in town for the 
remainder of the summer. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles M. Dougherty have 
been entertaining Lieutenant-Commander 
Yates Stirling, Jr., at their country home near 

Mrs. Charles Foster and the Misses Foster 
are planning to spend the month of August 
among the Italian lakes. 

Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Gallois and Miss 
Gallois are at Lake Tahoe for several weeks. 

Miss Jean Lawlor is the guest of Mrs. Wil- 
liam Crocker at Burlingame. 

Judge Van Fleet and Mrs. Van Fleet are 
at their cottage at Inverness. 

Mr. and Mrs. Walter Martin are at El 
Cerrito for the summer. 

Mrs. Charles Sperry, wife of Rear-Admiral 
Sperry, has returned to her home in Wash- 
ington, D. C, 

Mr. and Mrs: Robert Dean have returned 
from their Eastern trip. 

Mr. and Mrs. Howard Metcalf have re- 
turned to their Berkeley home, after a visit 
in Pasadena. 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward R. Dimond are guests 
at ^tna Springs. 

Captain G. A. Pond, U. S. A., and Mrs. 
Pond are in town and are registered at the 
St. Francis. 

Mrs. Worthington Ames is expected to re- 
turn from a European tour early next month. 

Miss Alary Carrigan was a passenger on 
the incoming transport Sheridan last week. 
Miss Carrigan has been the guest of her 
brother on his hemp plantation in Negros. 

Mr. Lyman Grimes and Mr. Thornton 
Grimes are visiting friend at Brookdale. 

Miss Mabel Toye has returned to town, 
after a visit in the southern part of the State. 

Judge and Mrs. Henshaw are among the 
summer guests at Tahoe. 

Mrs. Christian Reis of San Mateo is en- 
tertaining Miss Brice, daughter of Captain 
Brice, U. S. N. 

Miss M. E. Williams returned from the 
East last week and is in Burlingame. 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry L. Van Winkle and 
the Misses Van Winkle are at their home at 
Brookdale for the summer. 

Miss Gibbons has returned home, after a 
visit to Captain and Mrs. Edward Shinkle at 
the Benicia Arsenal. 

Miss Ysabel Brewer of Mill Valley is enter- 
taining Miss Margaret Doyle. 

Mrs. H. P. Young, wife of Captain Young, 
has arrived from Manila on a visit to her 
mother, Mrs. A. H. Voorhies. 

Mrs. John S. Rodgers has gone to the 
Bremerton Navy Yard, where she will join 
her husband, Rear-Admiral Rodgers. 

Mrs. Dudley Wright Knox, who has been 
visiting friends in this city and San Rafael, 
expects to leave shortly for the Orient, where 
she will join her husband, Lieutenant Knox 
of the U. S. S. Nebraska. 

Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Cooper are guests at 
Vichy Springs. 

Mr. and Mrs. Homer King are motoring 
with Mr. and Mrs. Ira Bronlon in the Na- 
tional Park of Washington at the base of Mt. 

Mrs. James Sydney Peck, who has been 
at the St. Francis since her arrival in San 
Francisco, will visit her son-in-law and daugh- 
ter, Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Hubbard, at Bremer- 
ton, before returning to her home in the 

When You Leave Town 

Store Your Trunks, Piano, 

Household Goods, Etc. 

With Us 


Sutter near Fillmore 

Tel. West 999 

C. A. Murdock & Co. 


The Argonaut a sample of our output 


Phone Kearny 1040 


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The highest attainment in modem 
hotel building and hotel keeping 

Single rooms $2.50 and upwards 
Every room with bath 

Under management of 

Palace Hotel Company 



for week-end trips 
or longer vacations 

Summer Rates $3.00 to $5.50 per day 


Del Monte Evpress with through parlor car leaves Third 
and Townsend daily at 3, arriving in time for dinner. 

Reduced railroad rates for week-ends 

Write for reservations today 

H. R. WARNER, Manager 

Hotel Rafael 

San Rafael, Cat. 

Open year around. Headquarters Automobile 
League. New and commodious garage. Fifty 
minutes from San Francisco. Complete change 
of climate. Tiburon or Sausalito Ferry. All 
modern conveniences. 

F. N. Orpin, Proprietor. 


Choice Woolens 


Merchant Tailors 
10S-110 Sutter St. French Bank BIdg, 






Lv. San Francisco 

1:45 p. 





T4:45 P, 

t7:15 A. 
*S:15 A. 

1 1 : 15-A. 
12:45 a. 

1:45 p. 

3:45 p. 
t4:45 p. 

1:40 p. 10:40 a. 
2:40 p. 12:16 p. 
4:45 p. 1:40 p. 

2:45 p. 

4:40 p. 
I 5:45 P. 

t Tamalp only 
* Muir Woods 

jr. Tamalpais 


7:25 a. 9:28 a! 
1:40 p.|11:10a[ 
4:14 p.|12:16 p 
1:40 pi 

9:50 P 

3:10 F 

4:40 pi 
6:40 p| 

8:15 p 


\ N unusual lunch place — and an unusually good place for lunch or 
afternoon tea. More like a room in your own home, plus a dainty 
meal and efficient service. 


1427 Bush Street, below Van Ness (upstairs) 

July 25, 1908. 



Hotel St. Francis 

The comfort of the 
present is built upon the 
complaints of the past. 


Why Not Make Your Home At The 

Hotel Jefferson 

Turk and Gough Streets 
Facing Jefferson Square 

A superior class hotel with every modern 
convenience and comfort. Operated on the 
American and European plans. Special rates 
to permanent guests. Special attention paid to 
the table — we invite comparisons. Manage- 
ment Noah H. Gray, formerly manager Alex- 
ander Young Hotel, Honolulu, and Hotel Pot- 
ter, Santa Barbara. 

You Can Live At The Hotel Jefferson 
Better And For Less Than At Home 

The Majestic— a 
Homelike Hotel 

«J Refined surroundings — The 
very best cuisine — Perfect service 
— Moderate prices — Ideal loca- 
tion — Rates on application. 

N. W. corner Sutter and Gough 

Seattle's Newest and Most Modern Hotel 

* 'Twelve Stories of 
Solid Comfort" 

Building, concrete, 
steel and marble, 

Located, most fash- 
ionable shopping 


Library and bound 
magazines in read- 
ing- rooms for 

Most refinedhostelry 
in Seattle. 

Absolutely fireproof. 
Rates, SI. 00 up Fnglish Grill. 

Gaining in popularity every day 
because it deserves it 

Old Gilt Edge 

Rye or Bourbon 

Hotel del Coronado 

Most Delightful Climate on Earth 

American Plan. Summer rates $3.50 per day each and 

upward, or $21.00 per week each and upward 
"Good Music" and "Fine Automobile Road, 

Los Angeles-Riverside to Coronado." 
Golf, Tennis, Polo, and other outdoor sports 

everv dav in the year. 
New 700-foot ocean pier, for fishing. Boating 
and Bathing are the very best. Send for 
booklet to 

MORGAN ROSS, Manager, 

Coronado Beach, Cal, 

Or see H. F. NORCROSS, Agent, 

334 So. Spring St., Los Angeles. 

Tel. A 6789; Main 3917. 

22d Street and Broadway 


Army and Navy. 
The latest personal notes relative to army 
and navy officers who are or have been sta- 
tioned at Pacific Coast points : 

Rear-Admiral W. T. Swinburne, U. S. N., 
is ordered to duty as commander-in-chief of 
the Pacific fleet on board the U. S. S. West 

Colonel George L. Anderson, U. S. A., in- 
spector-general of the Department of Cali- 
fornia, is officially relieved from duty, but 
will be retained indefinitely on temporary 

Colonel J. W. Duncan, U. S- A., is to be 
relieved from duty at Army Headquarters, 
San Francisco, August 1, and will report to 
the chief of staff at Washington, D. C. 

Major E. Evelyth Winslow, U. S. A., office 
of the chief of engineers, Washington Bar- 
racks, will proceed to San Francisco and as- 
sume command of the First Battalion of En- 
gineers, whence he will proceed with Com- 
pany A and the headquarters of that battalion 
to Honolulu. 

Captain George D. Moore, Twentieth In- 
fantry, U. S. A., recently graduated from the 
Army School of the Line, is detailed for in- 
struction in the Army Staff College. 

Leave of absence for two months is granted 
Captain Oren B. Meyer, Fourteenth Cavalry, 
U. S. A., to take effect upon his relief from 
recruiting duty. 

Captain Clark W. Dudley, Fourteenth Cav- 
alry, U. S. A., Lieutenant James H. Burns, 
First Field Artillery, U. S. A., and Lieuten- 
ant Paul W. Beck, Signal Corps, U. S. A., 
are detailed as members of the general court- 
martial appointed at the Presidio of San 

Captain James F. Brady, U. S. A., is ap- 
pointed to assume the duties of post commis- 
sary during the absence of Captain Ferguson 
from the Presidio of San Francisco. 

Captain Charles D. Rhodes, Sixth Cavalry, 
U. S. A., and Second Lieutenant Harry T. 
Hodges, First Cavalry, U. S. A., are detailed 
for duty at Atascadero Ranch. 

Contract Surgeon Thomas S. Lowe, U. S. 
A., is ordered to proceed to Vancouver Bar- 
racks to report in person for duty. 

Assistant Surgeon M. E. Higgins is de- 
tached from duty on the U. S. S. Illinois and 
ordered to report to the commander of the 
Third Squadron, Pacific Fleet, for duty. 

Leave of absence for one month and ten 
days, to take effect August 1, is granted Lieu- 
tenant Ralph T. Ward, Engineer Corps, U. 
S. A., Fort Mason. 

First Lieutenant Stephen O. Fucma, 
Twenty-Third Infantry, TJ. S. A., is detailed 
for duty at Atascadero Ranch September 25 
Lieutenant Zerah W. Torrey, U. S. A., has 
received his promotion and is ordered to ap- 
pear in person to the commanding general of 
the Philippines for assignment to duty. 

First Lieutenant Rowland B. Ellis, squad- 
ron adjutant, TJ. S. A., is detailed as acting 
regimental adjutant during the absence on de- 
tached service of Captain J. McL. Carter, 
Fourteenth Cavalry, TJ. S. A. 

Lieutenant Charles S. Kerrick, U. S. N., is 
stationed temporarily at Mare Island with the 
Truxton (destroyer) . 

Lieutenant-Colonel John Biddle, Corps of 
Engineers, U. S. A., San Francisco, in addi- 
tion to his present duties is temporarily ap- 
pointed division engineer of the Northern Pa- 
cific Division. 

Lieutenant Kirby Crittenden, TJ. S. N., of 
the submarine Pike is stationed at Mare 
Island temporarily. 

Company C, First Infantry, is to be relieved 
from duty at Vancouver Barracks and will 
proceed to the Presidio of San Francisco for 
duty at the School of Musketry. 

Leave of absence for two months is granted 
Second Lieutenant Arthur Hickson, Four- 
teenth Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Assistant Naval Constructor E. C. Hammer 
is detached from the Second Torpedo Flotilla 
and assigned to the Navy Yard, Mare Island. 

At the Hotels. 

Among recent arrivals at Byron Hot Springs 
were Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Young, Mr. C. Wil- 
fort, Mr. A. J. Garrett, Mr. and Mrs. B. C. 
Ireland, Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Richardson, of 
San Francisco. 

Recent arrivals at Hotel del Coronado in- 
clude Mr. I. V. Armstrong, Mr. M. H. Avery, 
Mr. Edward Mallory, Mr. Porter de Arce, Mr. 
J. Galabor and family, Miss Blanche Silver- 
berg, Mrs. A. G. Bristol, Miss M. K. Bristol, 
Mrs. Clarence Duncan. Mr. H. W. Lobb, Mr. 
J. F. Sullivan, Mrs. M. E. McCartney, Miss 
Henrietta Olson, Mrs. A. Lezynsky, of San 

Among recent arrivals at Hotel Rafael 
were Mr. Charles W. Haas, Mr. William L. 
McGuire, Mr. and Mrs. Hacker, Mr. L. 
Ryone, Mr. A. A. Brown, Mr. William Adams, 
Miss E. Johnson, Miss J. Volkman, Mr. H. A. 
Schmidt, Mr. W. G. Volkman, Mr. D. G. 
Volkman, Mr. and Mrs. V. E. Bogue, Mr. 
Malcolm Bogue, Dr. Hirschfelder and wife, 
Mr. and Mrs. Mandel, Mr. and Mrs. Phillip, 
of San Francisco. 

Among recent arrivals at Hotel Norrnandie 
are Mrs. C. Baum, Miss H. H. Baura, Miss 
A. B. Browning, Mrs. J. E. Sackrater, Colusa ; 
Mr. and Mrs. Julius Wolf, Mr. R. F. Arm- 
strong, New York; Mr. H. G. Howard, Reno 

Nev. ; Mr. C. H. Dunton, Placerville ; Miss L. 
M. Williams, San Mateo ; Mr. and Mrs. A. P. 
Redding, Menlo ; Mrs. H. S. Deming, Miss D. 
Deming, Santa Cruz ; Mr. and Mrs. A. Enke, 
Miss H. Mayer, Los Angeles. 

Recent arrivals at .(Etna Springs include 
Mrs. Margaret Deane, Miss Deane and maid, 
Mr. I. C. Emmons, Mr. and Mrs. Scotl 
Seaton, child, and maid, Mr. W. J. Tabor, 
Mr. F. J. Cooper, Mr. and Mrs. Basford, Mr. 
and Mrs. W. E". Buck, Mr. and Mrs. S. M. 
Crim, Mr. Carl H. Schmidt, Mr. and Mrs. 
Paul M. Nippert, Miss Nippert, Mr. M. M. 
Robinett, Mr. Charles W. Sutro, Mr. J. Baum- 
garten, Mrs. M. E. Eaton, Mr. J. W. Har- 
bour, Mrs, M. Starr, Mr. and Mrs. C. K. 
Ward, of San Francisco. 

Recent arrivals at the Tavern of Tamalpais 
include Mr. A. M. Keating, Mrs. A. M. Kaiser, 
Mr. Daniel McHenry, Mrs. M. A. Butler, Mrs. 
F. A. Landy, Miss M. K. Landy, Miss D. S. 
Boucher, Miss M. Gleason, Miss Anita 
Gleason, Miss A. F. McDonnel, Mr. J. Zeder* 
man, Mr. E. V. Sanders, Mrs. L. N. Ran- 
dolph, Mr. E. Rankin, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. 
Sands, Mr. and Mrs. Harry Wilburn, Mr. and 
Mrs. George A. Regg, Mr. and Mrs. William 
R. Jost and family, Miss J. Rich, Miss B. 
Kramer, Mr. A. Schmitenhaus, Mr. Herman 
Loest, Mr. J. C. Frank and family, Mr. 
Charles S. Aiken, of San Francisco. 

A party composed of Mr. and Mrs. John D. ' 
Foster and Mr. and Mrs. H. D. Lombard of 
Los Angeles have been spending the past few 
days at the Fairmont. Among other guests 
registered from the City of Angels were Mr. 
John H. Hoffman, Mr. and Mrs. M. B. 
Neefus. Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Neefus, Mr. E. 
R. Baldwin, Mrs. J. E. Ferrall, Mrs. Fred 
Dorr and Miss Dorr, Mr. and Mrs. E. J. 
Stanton with their two daughters and son, 
Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Stearns. Guests from 
Sacramento include Mr. and Mrs. Alden An- 
derson, Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Terry, General J. 
B. Lauck, and Mr. A. W. Bradbury. 

Among recent arrivals at Hotel Del Monte 
were Mr. and Mrs. Edwin F. Schneider, Mr. 
and Mrs. Herbert Charles Levy, Mr. Edwin 
Utley, Mr. Edward G. Schmiedell, Mr. and 
Mrs. George Hewlett, Mrs. Ellon, Mrs. Z. 
Foregner, Mr. Palmer B. Hewlett, Mrs. Arthur 
Bachman, Mrs. J. Broughton, Mr. E. Green- 
baum, Mr. Will Sparks, Miss Dora Winn, Mr. 
A. D. Shepard, Mrs. David Samson, Mr. R. 

0. Hakelier, Mr. and Mrs. S. F. Badt, Mr. 
E. G. Wheeler, Mr. Alfred L. Weil, Mr. Wal- 
ter R. Heyneman, Mr. F. J. Rodgers, Mr. 
Charles F. Hoey, Mr. and Mrs. Edward 
Lande, Mr. George C. Boardman, Jr., Mr. and 
Mrs. Martin S. Meyer, Mr. and Mrs. H. Holl- 
man, Mr. and Mrs. George Lawrence Kayes, 
Mr. and Mrs. A. F. Luening, Mr. and Mrs. 
Alfred S. Tubbs, Mrs. A. L. Tubbs, Mr. and 
Mrs. Herman Heyneman, Mrs. L. S. Greene- 
baum, Mr. Max L. Rosenfeld, Mr. A. L. Holt, 
and Mr. Pierre C. Moore, of San Fran- 

Among recent arrivals at The Peninsula, 
San Mateo, were: Mrs. J. C. Phillips, Butte, 
Mont. ; Mr. H. M. Hyde, San Jose ; Mrs. G. 
W. Gibbs, Burlingarae; Mr. and Mrs. C. W. 
Hodges, Waterloo, Ohio ; Mr. Oscar Graub, 
Paris, France ; Mr. and Mrs. E. O. Munger, 
Washington ; Miss Foster, Portsmouth, N. H. ; 
Mr. J. M. Thompson, Sacramento ; Mr. and 
Mrs. McHoey, San Diego ; Mr. G. G. Thomp- 
son, Oakland; Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Kramer, 
Miss O. Kramer, Eureka ; Mr. G. W. Davis, 
Boston ; Mr. and Mrs. L. Honigsberger, Mr. 
and Mrs. O'Brien, Mr. F. W. Sumner, Mr. and 
Mrs. M. C. Ottenheimer, Mr. and Mrs. S. H. 
Newbauer, Mr. R. E. Mulcahy, Mr. F. J. 
Maroney, Mrs. E. B. Thomas, Mr. and Mrs. L. 

1. Cohn, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Shea, Miss 
Janet Jacobi, Mr. H. D. Bradley, Mr. J. A. 
Sanborn, Mr. and Mrs. Peter D. Martin, Mr. 
and Mrs. Joseph L. King, Dr. and Mrs. U. G. 
Bartlett , Mr. and Mrs. George Smith, San 



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Interior of magnificent 

iving room. 



July 25, 1908. 


''What part of the chicken will you have, 
Mr. Hall-room ?" "Some of the meat, 
please." — Life. 

Patience — That Miss Bellow is going to 
§ing: Patrice— Oh. is she? What shall we 
talk aboiit? — The Taller. 

Kr.ieker — Did she cultivate her voice? 
Bocker — Yes. and now the neighbors are try- 
ing to move the crop. — Nbw York Suiu 

Prospective Country Boarder — Is the water 
you have here healthy? Landlady — Yes, sir. 
We use only well water. — -Boston Transcript. 

Innkeeper — That man over there who be- 
gan with venison has just ordered some roast 
mutton. Now we are in for it. — Fliegetide 


Mrs. Henpeck — You were talking in your 
sleep last night; Henry. Mr. Henpeck — I beg 
your pardon, my dear, for having interrupted 
you. — Stray Stories. 

He (at the end of fishing story) — My word, 
it was a monster. 'Pon my soul, I never saw 
such a fish in my life ! She — No. I don't 
believe you ever did! — Punch; 

Sillicus — What do you consider is the 
proper time for a man to marry? Cynicus — 
Oh; I suppose when he hasn't anything else 
to worry him. — Philadelphia Record. 

Departing Guest — We've had a simply de- 
lightful time! Hostess — I'm so glad. .At the 
same time I regret that the storm kept all 
our best people away. — Brooklyn Life. 

"One star difl'ereth from another star in 
glory," he quoted poetically. "Of course," 
she assented ; "but look at the bum methods 
of some press agents." — Philadelphia Ledger. 

"We can live on bread and cheese and 
kisses." "That seems economical enough." 
"And if the cheese be Limburger, we can 
even dispense with the kisses." — Pioneer 

Mrs. Bacon — This paper says that a man's 
hair turns gray about five years earlier than 
a woman's. Mr, Bacon — That is because a 
man wears his hair all the time. — Yonkers 

Elderly Uncle — Spent your entire patri- 
mony, have you, Archibald ? Gone through 
everything : Scapegrace Nephew — Yes, uncle ; 
everything but the bankruptcy court. — Chi- 
cago Tribune. 

Faddist Visitor — Are you allowed in this 
prison any exercise beneficial for your 

health? Convict— Oh., yes, ma'am. By ad- 
vice of m>- counsel I have been skipping the 
rope. — Baltimore American. 

"If I were you," said the old bachelor to 
the benedict, "I'd either rule or know why." 
"Welh" was the reply, "as I already know- 
why, I suppose that's half the battle !' — 
Atlaiita Constitution. 

Dawson — The facial features plainly indi- 
cate character arid disposition. In selecting 
your wife were you governed by her Chin? 
Spenloif — No ; biit I have been ever since we 
were married. — -BOstort Globe i 

"Have you," asked the judge of a recently 
convicted man, "anything to offer the court 
before sentence is passed?" "No, your 
honor," replied the prisorier, "my lawyer took 
my last cent." — The Reporter. 

Niece — Uncle, they say that there are more 
marriages of blondes than of brunettes. Why 
is it, I wonder? Uncle Singleton (a con- 
firmed bachelor) — H'm ! Naturally, the light- 
headed ones go first. — -The Mirror. 

Country Editor (out IVest) — This has been 
a lucky day for me. Faithful Wife — Has 
some one been in to pay a subscription ? 
Editor — Well* n-o, it wasn't as lucky as that: 
but I was shot at arid missed. — New York 

"And how do you like newspaper men ?" 
he asked the little maid in a most conde- 
scending tone of voice. "I don't know," she 
replied, artlessly ; "the only one I know is 
the one who brings our paper every morn- 
ing." — Lippincott's Magazine. 

Farmer Barker — I want to get a present to 
take back to my wife on the farm. Elegant 
Clerk — How would she like a pie knife? 
Farmer Barker — Good land, young man ! 
Aint you never been told you mustn't eat pie 
with no knife? — New York Timest 

Grubb — I hear your last novel has already 
appeared in its sixth edition. How did you 
manage to become so phenomenally popular ? 
Scrubb — Very simple. I put a "personal" in 
the papers saying that I was looking for a 
wife who is something like the heroine of my i 
novel. Within two days the first edition was ' 
! sold out. — Tit-Bits. 

Judge — Have you been arrested before? 
Prisoner — No, sir. Judge — Have you been 
in this court before ? Prisoner — No. sir. 
Judge — Are you certain? Prisoner — I am, 
sir. Judge — Your face looks decidedly fa- ; 
miliar. Where have I seen it before ? Pris- 
oner — I'm the bartender in the saloon across 
the way, sir. — Harper's Weekly. 


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ALFRED HOL1IAX ------- Editor 


EDITORIAL: Mr. Taft's Speech of Acceptance — Sounding 
Brass 3nd a Tinkling Cymbal — The Standard Oil Case — 
The Campaign — Mr. Hearst's Convention — "The Exam- 
iner" and Mr. Heney — Feminine Sensibility and Mascu- 
line Ease — Editorial Notes 65-68 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR: The New Miracle Play— Mr. 

Taft a Better Radical Leader Than Mr. Bryan 68 


Describes the Impression Left in Peking hy His Unique 

Personality and Quiet, Effective Methods 69 

INDIVIDUALITIES: Notes about Prominent People All over 

the World 69 


A. Hart 70 

THE MARVELOUS BOY: Charles Edward Russell Throws 

New Light upon Thomas Chatterton 72 

CURRENT VERSE: "The Closing Door," by Rhoda Hero 
Dunn; "Today and Tomorrow," by William Stanley 
Braithwaite; "At Dawn," by Alfred Noyes; "A Good 

Time," by Mounce Byrd 72 

BOOKS AND AUTHORS- By Sidney G. P. Coryn 73 


LITERARY NOTES: Personal and Miscellaneous .Gossip 74 

DRAMA: Hampden and Whittlesey. By Josephine Hart 

Phelps 75 


ISTORYETTES: Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Other- 
wise 77 


PERSONAL: Notes and Gossip — Movements and Where- 
abouts — Army and Navy 78-79 

HIE ALLEGED HUMORISTS: Paragraphs Ground Out by 

the Dismal Wits of the Day 80 

Mr. Taft's Speech of Acceptance. 

I Mr. Taft's formal speech of acceptance may fairly be 
:haracterized as a sound and strong discussion of pub- 
ic issues; and it may as fairly be criticised as 
oo voluminous and as lacking in personality. It is a 
;ase where the candidate has failed to overcome the 
udge. A man of keener popular sense, of better 
nstinct for effect, would have said more about his own 
iews, and less about Roosevelt's, taking care at the 
ame time to interlard his matter with phrases of vivid 

; olor and high carrying power. Mr. Taft, we think, 
las to some extent misconceived the function of the 

-• ormal address of acceptance. A lighter and more per- 
onal view of its obligations would have enabled him 
o make a more effective speech, and at the same time to 
ave reserved for other occasions a wide range of sub- 

,c ects. 

The address, none the less, easily bears scrutiny. It 
ommits Mr. Taft in definite terms to the administra- 
ion policies, and yet it makes it plain that he sees the 
ne of justice and that he is conscientiously disposed 
J preserve intact the rights of all, and at the same time 
J maintain conditions favorable to production and 
usiness. On the labor question the address is particu- 

larly straightforward and admirable. Nobody has ever 
laid down the principles underlying the whole ^ labor 
question better than Mr. Taft has done in this address. 
His positive -statement of principle, and his judicially 
fair arguments, are timely and important. They are in 
precise line with Republican tradition, and will tend 
further to hold the party in that conservative attitude 
towards the labor question which, in the nature of 
things, it is bound to maintain. 

On the whole, while we think Mr. Taft might have 
made a more effective address, it would hardly have 
been possible for him to have made one sounder in its 
matter, or tending more to commend him to thought- 
ful men who regard politics not as a game, but as 
serious business in which serious responsibilities are 
embodied. , 

Sounding Brass and a Tinkling Cymbal. 

Mr. William Jennings Bryan is said to have begun 
his public career at the early age of twelve years. His 
father, being a candidate for a local office, addressed a 
public meeting and when he was done the lad who sat 
at his side was called upon to make his bow and say 
a word or two, which he did with such stunning effect 
that he was thereafter in demand as a "boy wonder" 
on all public occasions. This precocious gift of gab 
was still further cultivated during his career as a col- 
lege student; and still later in every political campaign, 
great or small, until the "cross-of-gold" speech at Chi- 
cago won Mr. Bryan his first presidential nomination. 
Since that time he has been continuously a speech- 
maker in season and out of season. It is his trade, for 
he speaks not so much in the promotion of causes as 
to charm and entertain people and so get money. 
His habit is to go about the country not as a states- 
man and leader instructing and persuading the people, 
but as a lecturer at so much per head. The story 
is told that when in California some two or three 
years ago Mr. Bryan was invited to address the stu- 
dents at one of our universities. He consented to do 
it upon condition that announcement of his college 
address should not be made until after he had had the 
opportunity of first delivering a pay lecture in the same 
town. Thrifty soul that he is, he wanted a "whack" 
at those who might be willing to pay before letting it 
be known that he might be heard gratis. What would 
be thought of President Roosevelt or Mr. Taft or the 
late Mr. Cleveland or of any other man with preten- 
sions to personal dignity and to statesmanship who 
should take such a position before the public? Mr. 
Bryan's attitude as a peripatetic lecturer, inconsistent 
as it is with his pretensions as a statesman and his 
claims to political aspostleship, is perhaps justified by 
the fact that speechmaking, public agitation, is his 

It is Mr. Bryan's instinct as a public entertainer and 
agitator that leads him unvaryingly to take up with any 
novelty calculated to please or amuse his patrons, the 
radical public, and which as unvaryingly leads him to 
drop any issue or cause the moment it ceases to engage 
his public interest and attention. As an entertainer 
and agitator — as one whose most serious study is to 
engage and please the public — he deals only with those 
things with which the public is immediately interested 
— with "hot stuff," so to speak. He has no sense of 
obligation to any principle or cause which prompts him 
as a matter of conviction and conscience to stay with 
it through times good and times bad, to preach it in sea- 
son and out of season because it is a thing of faith. On 
the contrary, he turns deftly away from the advocacy 
of any principle the very moment it ceases to bring dol- 
lars into the box-office and takes up with something else 
in which the public is for the moment more interested 
and which, therefore, is better calculated to jigger dol- 
lars from their pockets. 

Mr. Bryan first came into national notice in connec- 
tion with the financial issue. He was for the double 
standard of coinage under a fixed ratio and he preached 
the doctrine of sixteen-to-one with extraordinary 

emphasis and even fervor. After his defeat he trav- 
eled broadly over the country, lecturing on the 
double standard, sustaining it to his own satisfaction 
— and to that of his box-office manager — by economic, 
social, and moral arguments. But when the financial 
issue ceased to interest the public, when sixteen-to-one 
with echoings from the cross-of-gold address ceased to 
charm dollars into the box-office, Mr. Bryan, without 
conscience and without shame, dropped the money- 
issue and cast about for something newer and fresher. 
It was at a time when the Philippine policy of the gov- 
ernment was gravely questioned in certain quarters ; 
here was "hot stuff" for the professional critic and 
agitator and Mr. Bryan made the most of it. He went 
up and down the country with something of the fury 
of a raging lion, waving the banner of anti-imperialism, 
calling upon high heaven to blast the wicked hands that 
would enslave the Filipino race and turn the govern- 
ment at Washington into an agency of tyranny and 
oppression. But when it became necessary for the 
government either to fish or cut bait, then did this same 
ranting agitator go to the national capital and give his 
personal influence to acceptance of a treaty with Spain 
confirming American authority over Philippine terri- 
tory. So slight a thing, indeed, was that "conviction" 
which had inspired his public tirades with respect to 
Philippine policy that he put it all aside the very 
moment when there came a call for national action. 
Then, as if to illustrate the elasticity of his mental and 
moral make-up, he promptly flopped back upon his anti- 
imperialist platform and proceeded to harangue the 
public from ocean to ocean as long as there were those 
to pay fifty cents per head to listen to him. 

Mr. Bryan's most recent attempt to develop a new- 
issue to sustain his general career as lecturer and agi- 
tator was immediately following his return from his 
famous trip around the world. In tones religiously 
solemn he declared at New York before an audience 
that had come to welcome him home his fixed convic- 
tion that public ownership of the railways of the 
country was essential to the economic and moral 
adjustment of things. Before this deliverance he was 
urged to revise his views or at least to restrain their 
utterance. But he would have none of it; it was a 
matter of conviction, he said, and being a matter of 
conviction it became a point of moral principle, and so 
he formulated and presented the doctrine which, beyond 
a doubt, he expected to become a basis for national 
discussion, with W. J. B. as chief discusser at fifty- 
cents per. But it was a case where the result did not 
match the calculation. The public was not even inter- 
ested ; it did not care to listen, much less was it willing 
to pay. Did our fire-eyed prophet proceed at his own 
cost to enlighten and persuade the country, to bring it 
to his own sacred "convictions"? Xot he. On the 
other hand, he dropped the whole matter, and, in default 
of hotter stuff for his lecturing tours, patched up his 
theories about miracles and other remote, obsolete, and 
abstract themes not calculated to offend any political 
element, and proceeded to mark time, so to speak, on 
the lecture platform during the off season — as usual at 
fifty cents per head. 

Xow we find Mr. Bryan again a candidate for the 
presidency on a platform which takes no stock in any 
one of the great "principles" which at one time or 
another he has so lustily championed. He has dropped 
sixteen-to-one, he has dropped anti-imperialism, he has 
dropped public ownership of railroads — not only these, 
but every other of the "issues" which from time to 
time he has employed to the end of maintaining his 
position as an agitator, admission fifty cents per head. 
The plain truth about Mr. Bryan is that he is sound- 
ing brass and a tinkling cymbal. He is by trade an 
agitator. He sets up an "issue" precisely as lecturers 
on woman's suffrage contrive always to have a consti- 
tutional amendment somewhere in process, to the end 
that there may be a basis for agitation. We will 
say that Mr. Bryan is not sincere; sincere he 
less is in a certain temperamental and shall' 



August 1, 1908 

His sincerity now is precisely what it was when at 
twelve years of age he stood up and pleaded for his 
father's election to a county office. He wanted the 
woodchuck. He wants it still. 

In this connection we can hut recall a story told 
of Mr. Bryan twelve years ago. when he was every- 
where styled the "hoy orator of the Platte.'' He was 
so called, so the story ran, because the Platte is a thou- 
sand miles long, a mile wide, and six inches deep. 

The Standard Oil Case. 
Some justification of the confusion manifest in the 
public mind with respect to the famous Standard Oil 
fine is afforded by the circumstance that we must 
characterize the reversal of this judgment as the most 
important development of a busy week. Legally re- 
garded, the point at issue in the Standard Oil case is 
not whether or not the great Standard Oil monopoly 
shall on general principles, so to speak, be punished for 
its sins, but whether or not judgment in a certain nar- 
row and specific case shall accord with reason, justice, 
and common sense. 

The original case before Judge Landis of Chicago 
was a charge against the Standard Oil Company of 
Indiana, a minor corporation affiliated with the larger 
organization common!}' known as the Standard Oil 
Company, of accepting a concession in a specific rail- 
road rate and thereby violating a law which prohibits 
alike the granting and the acceptance of discriminating 
rates in transportation. 

The points at issue relate not only to the interests of 
the Standard Oil Company and its subsidiary com- 
panies, but to that of even' shipper of any and ever}' 
product the country over. Determination of the points 
at issue, therefore, has an interest and importance 
entirely apart from, however it may affect, the Standard 
Oil Company. Judicial determinations are or ought to 
be made abstractly — that is, with reference to the 
legal principles involved rather than with respect to 
how such determinations may affect special or par- 
ticular interests connected with any immediate case. 
The decision just made by the United States Court at 
Chicago, reversing the judgment in Judge Landis's 
court, is made under this principle. It does not pretend 
to go into the merits of the case : it does nothing more 
or less than to review the Landis judgment and to deter- 
mine three points of law in which that judgment is held 
to be an error. This reversal leaves the case open for 
retrial upon its merits — leaves it, in fact, precisely 
where it stood at the beginning, and with no reflection 
of prejudice either one way or the other. 

The first point at which the Landis judgment is held 
by the appellate court to be an error relates to 
information concerning established transportation rates. 
The law requires that schedules of rates shall be pub- 
lished by posting in railroad stations, such schedules, of 
course, being subject to changes which the Interstate 
Commerce Commission, commonly sitting at Wash- 
ington, may make at any time. The Landis judgment 
assumes that a shipper is bound to be informed as to the 
legally established rate, albeit such rate may be involved 
in schedules and classifications so elaborate as to be 
difficult of comprehension to anybody not a technical 
expert. Under the Landis judgment one who ships a 
box of eggs or a crate of grapes from Ashland, Oregon, 
to Sacramento would be liable to heavy penalties if he 
accepted the rate quoted to him by the station agent, 
provided such rate happened to be lower than the 
legally established rate. Even,' shipper, therefore, great 
and small, to save himself against possible violation of 
the law with the penalties attached thereto, would have 
personally to possess expert knowledge not only of the 
schedules of rates posted on the station walls, but of any 
changes which might possibly have been made between 
date of issue of such posted sheet and the date of ship- 
ment. Xo shipper would be safe in merely asking the 
agent how much there was to pay, and letting it go at 
that. No passenger, likewise, would be safe in buying 
his ticket from a point in one State to a point in another 
without first acquiring definite knowledge of the 
printed rates and of any possible subsequent changes 
therein by the Interstate Commerce Commission. 

The decision of the appellate court knocks the non- 
sense out of this phase of the judgment by exposing the 
impracticability of shippers having such technical 
information and the injustice of adjudging guiltv one 
who may accept less than the published rate but who 
aas no intent to violate the law. Inferentially it is held 
that a shipper is justified in accepting as the legal rate 
that rate which a station agent may quote to him. 

The second point in the judgment of reversal is 
oased upon the fact that Judge Landis's court construed 

each carload shipment in the specific case — there being 
something more than fourteen hundred carloads all told 
— a separate offense subject to the full penalty attached 
to the violation of the law. There is no established 
legal rule in the premises : and the measure adopted by 
Judge Landis's court is characterized as arbitrary and 
without any legal basis. 

The third point in the judgment of reversal relates to 
the magnitude of the fine imposed by Judge Landis. 
There is nothing in the record, says the appellate 
court, to show that the defendant corporation before or. 
after conviction had ever been guilty of an offense of 
this character ; and yet, although its entire assets are 
not shown to be in excess of one million dollars, there 
was imposed a fine of 329,240,000. In the view of the 
appellate court, the amount of the fine is out of pro- 
portion and out of reason. Significantly this question is 
asked : "Would a cab-driver, convicted of violating the 
city law against excessive cab fares, be sentenced to pay 
a fine that would take his horse and cab, then leave him 
bankrupt many times over, unable to pay anything but 
the least proportion of his debts to his other creditors?" 
And with equal significance it is added: "It may be 
safely assumed that but for the relation of the defend- 
ant before the court [the Standard Oil Company of 
Indiana] to another corporation not before the court 
[the general Standard Oil Company] the court would 
not have measured out punishment on the basis of the 
facts just stated." 

The mind of common sense and of common honesty 
will follow this reasoning with absolute approval. Pos- 
sibly the general Standard Oil Company — the Oil Trust, 
in other words — is guilty of ten thousand offenses 
against equity and morals : but in this specific instance 
the Oil Trust was not on trial. Judge Landis's court 
evidently labored under a certain confusion of mind in 
relation to the defendant, failing to discriminate be- 
tween the case in hand and the case as it would like to 
have had it. Judge Landis apparently was of the same 
mental temper as was made manifest by the overwhelm- 
ing magnitude of his fine. Something of Judge Landis's 
spirit we have recently seen in San Francisco in the 
case of Judge Dunne, whose gross partisanship and 
manifest malice, combined with ignorance of the law, 
have tended most viciously to the miscarriage of justice. 

The government is now very properly to take up the 
case against the Standard Oil Company of Indiana for 
retrial. And it is profoundly to be hoped that in this 
second effort there will be less passion, less confusion 
of mind and of law, with a truer sense of proportion 
and with care to get such a judgment as may be sus- 
tained by the courts of ultimate authority. There appears 
to be no question about the guilt of the Standard Oil 
Company of Indiana : and this being so. there ought to 
be no serious difficulty in getting a conviction and in 
defining a punishment adequate to the crime. 

finance his political movement to the point where it will 
serve his purpose, but no further. Xobodv. there fore. 
need seriously regard a movement which has no logical 
or moral basis and which has no popular acceptance. 
As a political factor it looms bigger today than it will 
at any future time in the campaign ; indeed, it would 
not loom at all if Mr. Hearst had not in his string of 
yellow newspapers the means of his own exploitation. 

Mr. Hearst's Convention. 

As we write on Wednesday the so-called Independ- 
ence party, which is so far from being independent as 
to belong body, soul, and breeches to Mr. William Ran- 
dolph Hearst, the yellow newspaper proprietor, is hold- 
ing what it calls a national convention at Chicago. It 
is almost needless to say that this convention is a con- 
vention only in name and that it is national only in its 
pretensions. It is not in an honest sense representa- 
tive of all the States or, indeed, of any of them. It is 
nothing more nor less than a gathering of political non- 
descripts, ne'er-do-weels, and nobodies, who under one 
influence or another, prompted by Hearst or his agents. 
have come together. 

It hardly needs to be said that there is, in truth, no 
such thing as the Independence party. The little group 
at Chicago has been gathered together by Mr. Hearst 
to provide a pretext for his peculiar system of political 
discussion, and as a possible means of his ultimate 
political promotion. Ridiculous as it appears, Hearst 
seriously aspires to the presidency. His chances are 
on a par with those of Eugene Debs, James B. Weaver, 
and the Rev. Anna Shaw : none the less he aspires and 
continues to aspire. And. having under his hand a 
string of newspapers of wide circulation, and having 
prodigious wealth to draw upon, he has established a 
"party" all his own. Of course, no such political 
movement ever has succeeded or ever can succeed. 
The thing is futile and absurd from start to finish. 

That Mr. Hearst's "party" will seriously affect either 
the Republican or the Democratic party in the coming 
campaign is unthinkable. Possibly it may present an 
"electoral ticket" in three or four States, but surely 
not in a greater number. Mr. Hearst is lavish up to 
a certain point, but he knows when to quit. He will 

The Campaign. 

The period of uncertainty which in presidential years 
always precedes active campaign operations seems 
more protracted than usual. It is now full five weeks 
since the nomination of Mr. Taft and not even yet are 
the lines of campaign discussion definitely laid down ; 
nor is the plan of operations on either side sufficiently 
developed to make clear the general character of the 
coming fight. Only two things are assured, first that 
it is to be an economical campaign, for both sides are 
committed to a financial policy bound to restrict con- 
tributions for campaign uses: second, the concentration 
of effort will be in the West. Bryan practically aban- 
doned the East when he consented to the nomination 
of Kern, discreetly choosing to make his contest in 
those States where individually he has least to combat 
and where his ideas meet the largest degree of hos^ 
pitality. It will be no new thing for Democracv to 
enter a campaign shy of funds, since that has been its 
chronic condition time out of mind. Xobodv knows 
better how to make a little money go a long way than 
Mr. Bryan. He may be said to be an expert in the 
work of forced marching under short rations, his most 
brilliant exploits having teen in precisely this kind of 
campaign warfare. In recent years the Republican 
campaign chest has always been a full one, and it 
remains to be seen if the party tactics may effectively 
be modified to meet the new conditions. 

It is, of course, not to be assumed that the Repub- 
lican campaign will be wholly resourceless. since 
brother Charles Taft is several times a millionaire. 
and since, furthermore." his hopes and vanities arc 
profoundly involved in Brother Bill's candidacv. Il 
is said that he will finance the campaign at all points 
where it is proper and becoming that the brothe